US1860819A - Apparatus for separating oil from water - Google Patents

Apparatus for separating oil from water Download PDF

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Publication number
US1860819A
US1860819A US378260A US37826029A US1860819A US 1860819 A US1860819 A US 1860819A US 378260 A US378260 A US 378260A US 37826029 A US37826029 A US 37826029A US 1860819 A US1860819 A US 1860819A
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Prior art keywords
rolls
oil
roll
water
liquid
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Expired - Lifetime
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US378260A
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Schamberger Julius
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Schamberger Julius
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • E02B15/103Rotary drums
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
    • Y02A20/204Keeping clear the surface of open water from oil spills
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S210/00Liquid purification or separation
    • Y10S210/918Miscellaneous specific techniques
    • Y10S210/922Oil spill cleanup, e.g. bacterial
    • Y10S210/923Oil spill cleanup, e.g. bacterial using mechanical means, e.g. skimmers, pump

Description

y 31, 1932- JASCHAMBERGER 1,860,81 I
APPARATUS FQR SEPARATING OIL FROM WATER Filed July 15, 1929 Patented May '31, 19 32 PATENT OFFICE,
EULIUS SGHAMBERGER, OF ELIZABETH, NEW JER SEY APPARATUS FOR SEPARATING OIL WATER Application filed July 15, 1929. Serial No. 378,260.
This invention relates to the separation of surface layers of material from bodies of liquid, especially the removal of a film of oil from water. The invention will be fully understood from the following description and the accompanying drawings, in. which Fig. 1 is a erspective view of a preferred 'form of my s imming or separating apparatus, and
Fi 2 is a vertical section taken on the line A- in Fig. 1. f Referring to the drawings, a pair of rolls 1, 1a are mounted for rotation on trunn'ions or shaft extensions 3 and bearing blocks carried by a suitable frame work. This may take the form'of sills 2, suitably connected bycross braces 2a. The rolls 1, 10 may be constructed of any suitable material. For best results the outer surfaces 5-thereof should be smooth in texture and free from irregularities. I have found that glass, polished metal, 'or even woodor paper is suitable for this'purpose. I have for instancesuccessfully used paste board rolls coated with oil resistant lacquer. r a
. Suitable-mechanism is provided for rotating the rolls, as for instance the intermes'hing am 6, 6a suitably secured to trunnions or shafts 3 and adapted to be rotated in opposite directions by the gear 7, which in turn is mounted on the drive shaft 8 of an electric motor 9 or other source of power. Alterna-' tively, a series of pulleys arranged on-the trunmons 3 and carrying cable belts, one of which is connected with an electric motor,
' one gallon per minute, the discharge stream of water from opening 15 of the apparatus mag be used for, the rotation ofthe rolls.
closely adjacent the surface thereof I provide scraper knives or doctors -10,10a adapted'to remove thefilm of oil adhering to the rolls as the latter rotateand transfer it to the tro hs 11,'11a which discharge into a common discharge trough or pipe 12 leading to a receiver 13 or other suitable place of disposal.
, so as to dip below the surface of the water i from which oil is to be separated. This may be accomplished as shown in Fig. 1 by placing the from "c 2 over achannel or slfince-way 14 59 thru which the water flows, the fr e 2 being 1 second roll serves to retard the flow of the longitudinally ofeach roll and In operation the. rolls 1,'1a are adjusted.
adjusted so that the rolls 1, 1a are partially submerged. e
A'baffie 16 extends below the surface ofthe stream at a point located down stream with respect to the rolls 1, 1a to prevent escape of any traces of oil which may not have been picked up by the rolls. This oil will accumu- 1 late on the. surface of the water between the baflle 16' and the roll 1a and eventually be picked up by the roll as it rotates. The baflie 16 thus serves to back, or bank, the oil against the roll 1a. As water carrying on its surface a thin film of oil passes under the rolls 1, 1a which are rotated at a proper rate of speed, the oil film is transferred in whole or in part to the surface of the first roll 1 and is carried around thereon to the knife edge 10 which is setso as'to scrape off this film of oil and'direct it into the trough 11. Any oil not picked up by the first roll 1 is caught by the second roll 4 V 1a as, it rotates in the opposite direction and is removed in similar manner by the corre-!. sponding knife 10a and trough 11a. The
stream sufliciently to back, or bank, the excess oil between the rolls and permits the first roll to pick up most of the oil. I have, for example, been able with a small skimmer equipped with rolls of approximately four inches diameter and twelve inches in length rotating at a speed of one hundred revolutions per minute to remove from the surface of a stream ofwater flowing thru the apparatus, oil at the rate of approximately usually desirable to provide a channel thru which the water carrying a thin of oil is caused to flow, in which case thewalls of the channel ma serve as suitable supports for the rolls. ere such. an arrangement is used it is desirable also to so arrange the channel that the rolls contact with the surface of the stream throughout its entire breadth. The device will usually Be stationary but I contemplate also mounting it for movement with respect to the liquid to be operated upon, While the invention has been described as applied to the separation of a surface la er 5 of oil from water, it will be understood t at other separations can be similarly efiected such as the separation of oil 'from melted parafiin and the like. Other modifications will suggest themselves'to one skilled in the art and while I have described my invention with reference to certain specific details, I wish to claim all modifications and utilizations which come within the spirit and scope of the invention. I claim LApparatus for removing floating material from a liquid, which comprlses a channel for conveying the liquid, a plurality of spaced rolls each extending transversely across the channel in position to dip into the liquid, means for rotating adjoining rolls in opposite directions with the under-surface of the roll u stream rotating in the direction of travel 0 the stream, and means for removing and collecting material adhering to the rolls. i
2. Apparatus for removing a floating surface layer of material from a liquid, which comprises a channel for conducting the liquid, :1 roll extending transversely across the channel in position to dip into the liquid, means ,for rotating the roll with the undersurface of the roll rotating in the direction of travel of the stream, a baflie extending across the channel down stream with respect to the roll in position to dip into the liquid to bank the material passing the roll agamst the down stream'side of theroll, and means for removing and collecting material adher- 40 ing to the roll.
' 3. Apparatus for removing floating material from a liquid, which comprises a channel for'c'onductln the liquid, a plurality of spaced rolls 'eac extending transversely across the channel in position to dip into the liquid, means for rotating adjoining rolls in opposite directions with the under-surface of the roll upstream rotating in the direction of travel of the stream, means for removing and collecting material adhering to the rolls, and a baflleextending across the channel downstream with respect to the rolls in position to" dip-into the liquid to back the material passing the rolls against the downstream roll.
JULIUS SCHAMBERGER.
US378260A 1929-07-15 1929-07-15 Apparatus for separating oil from water Expired - Lifetime US1860819A (en)

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Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2470418A (en) * 1945-04-25 1949-05-17 Standard Oil Dev Co Oil skimming device
US2633989A (en) * 1953-04-07 Variable level skimmer
US2778500A (en) * 1955-04-18 1957-01-22 Standard Oil Co Oil skimming device
US3004672A (en) * 1959-06-30 1961-10-17 Chain Belt Co Apparatus for separation of solids or of liquids from a liquid by flotation
US3063939A (en) * 1962-03-08 1962-11-13 Chain Belt Co Apparatus for and improved method of thickening
US3245539A (en) * 1962-09-18 1966-04-12 Surface Separator Systems Inc Fluid separation system
US3259245A (en) * 1962-09-18 1966-07-05 Surface Separator Systems Inc Fluid separation method
US3314545A (en) * 1962-11-20 1967-04-18 Grabbe Friedbert Cleaning water surfaces
US3314540A (en) * 1962-07-13 1967-04-18 British Petroleum Co Removal of oil films from water
US3338414A (en) * 1966-09-14 1967-08-29 Exxon Research Engineering Co Liquid skimming device
US3419145A (en) * 1966-06-10 1968-12-31 Laval Turbine Separation tank and method
US3487927A (en) * 1967-10-02 1970-01-06 Standard Oil Co Method and apparatus for separating water and oil
US3539508A (en) * 1968-11-29 1970-11-10 Standard Oil Co Method and apparatus for separating oil and the like from a liquid
US3612277A (en) * 1970-06-15 1971-10-12 Texaco Inc Method of recovering oil from an oil slick
US3685653A (en) * 1971-06-25 1972-08-22 Texaco Inc Method for the separation of oil and water from an emulsion
US3693805A (en) * 1970-04-22 1972-09-26 Fmc Corp Shrouded drum skimmer
US3700107A (en) * 1970-11-18 1972-10-24 Edmond Flaviani Apparatus for recovery of floating substances
US3817385A (en) * 1970-04-13 1974-06-18 H Bergman Method and a device for collecting substances floating in a liquid surface
WO1980000161A1 (en) * 1978-07-05 1980-02-07 E Byers Vessel for scavenging oil
FR2457930A1 (en) * 1979-05-29 1980-12-26 British Petroleum Co Anti-pollution device with rotary drums for removing oil products floating on the surface of water
US4268396A (en) * 1979-07-23 1981-05-19 Lowe Engineering Company Oil recovery apparatus and method
US4287063A (en) * 1979-10-29 1981-09-01 Waukee Engineering Company Inc. Apparatus for separating liquids
US4368122A (en) * 1979-10-11 1983-01-11 Giancarlo Ravagnan System for separating and collecting oily materials from water expanses
US4957636A (en) * 1989-09-27 1990-09-18 General Technology Applications, Inc. Device for skimming oil from water
US5133881A (en) * 1990-07-25 1992-07-28 Thermaco, Inc. Assembly for oil and grease removal from drainwater mounted to facilitate parts replacement
WO1992016693A1 (en) * 1991-03-20 1992-10-01 Gutec Mbh Gesellschaft Für Umweltschutz Und Technik Oil removal device
US5662794A (en) * 1994-08-29 1997-09-02 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Solid-liquid separator and wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus
US5681458A (en) * 1995-10-23 1997-10-28 Favret; Uncas B. Water clarification employing rotating drum skimmer
WO2000031348A1 (en) * 1998-11-26 2000-06-02 Oy Lmp Patents Ltd Ab Device for removing oil or any other fatty substance from the surface of a liquid in a basin

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2633989A (en) * 1953-04-07 Variable level skimmer
US2470418A (en) * 1945-04-25 1949-05-17 Standard Oil Dev Co Oil skimming device
US2778500A (en) * 1955-04-18 1957-01-22 Standard Oil Co Oil skimming device
US3004672A (en) * 1959-06-30 1961-10-17 Chain Belt Co Apparatus for separation of solids or of liquids from a liquid by flotation
US3063939A (en) * 1962-03-08 1962-11-13 Chain Belt Co Apparatus for and improved method of thickening
US3314540A (en) * 1962-07-13 1967-04-18 British Petroleum Co Removal of oil films from water
US3245539A (en) * 1962-09-18 1966-04-12 Surface Separator Systems Inc Fluid separation system
US3259245A (en) * 1962-09-18 1966-07-05 Surface Separator Systems Inc Fluid separation method
US3314545A (en) * 1962-11-20 1967-04-18 Grabbe Friedbert Cleaning water surfaces
US3419145A (en) * 1966-06-10 1968-12-31 Laval Turbine Separation tank and method
US3338414A (en) * 1966-09-14 1967-08-29 Exxon Research Engineering Co Liquid skimming device
US3487927A (en) * 1967-10-02 1970-01-06 Standard Oil Co Method and apparatus for separating water and oil
US3539508A (en) * 1968-11-29 1970-11-10 Standard Oil Co Method and apparatus for separating oil and the like from a liquid
US3817385A (en) * 1970-04-13 1974-06-18 H Bergman Method and a device for collecting substances floating in a liquid surface
US3693805A (en) * 1970-04-22 1972-09-26 Fmc Corp Shrouded drum skimmer
US3612277A (en) * 1970-06-15 1971-10-12 Texaco Inc Method of recovering oil from an oil slick
US3700107A (en) * 1970-11-18 1972-10-24 Edmond Flaviani Apparatus for recovery of floating substances
US3685653A (en) * 1971-06-25 1972-08-22 Texaco Inc Method for the separation of oil and water from an emulsion
WO1980000161A1 (en) * 1978-07-05 1980-02-07 E Byers Vessel for scavenging oil
FR2457930A1 (en) * 1979-05-29 1980-12-26 British Petroleum Co Anti-pollution device with rotary drums for removing oil products floating on the surface of water
US4315818A (en) * 1979-05-29 1982-02-16 The British Petroleum Company Limited Anti-pollution equipment
US4268396A (en) * 1979-07-23 1981-05-19 Lowe Engineering Company Oil recovery apparatus and method
US4368122A (en) * 1979-10-11 1983-01-11 Giancarlo Ravagnan System for separating and collecting oily materials from water expanses
US4287063A (en) * 1979-10-29 1981-09-01 Waukee Engineering Company Inc. Apparatus for separating liquids
US4957636A (en) * 1989-09-27 1990-09-18 General Technology Applications, Inc. Device for skimming oil from water
WO1991005112A1 (en) * 1989-09-27 1991-04-18 Elastec, Inc. Device for skimming oil from water
US5133881A (en) * 1990-07-25 1992-07-28 Thermaco, Inc. Assembly for oil and grease removal from drainwater mounted to facilitate parts replacement
WO1992016693A1 (en) * 1991-03-20 1992-10-01 Gutec Mbh Gesellschaft Für Umweltschutz Und Technik Oil removal device
US5662794A (en) * 1994-08-29 1997-09-02 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Solid-liquid separator and wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus
US5681458A (en) * 1995-10-23 1997-10-28 Favret; Uncas B. Water clarification employing rotating drum skimmer
WO2000031348A1 (en) * 1998-11-26 2000-06-02 Oy Lmp Patents Ltd Ab Device for removing oil or any other fatty substance from the surface of a liquid in a basin

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