US1821966A - Fastening inserting machine - Google Patents

Fastening inserting machine Download PDF

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US1821966A
US1821966A US163080A US16308027A US1821966A US 1821966 A US1821966 A US 1821966A US 163080 A US163080 A US 163080A US 16308027 A US16308027 A US 16308027A US 1821966 A US1821966 A US 1821966A
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machine
driver
support
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Goddu George
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United Shoe Machinery Corp
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United Shoe Machinery Corp
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43DMACHINES, TOOLS, EQUIPMENT OR METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING OR REPAIRING FOOTWEAR
    • A43D69/00Shoe-nailing machines
    • A43D69/02Shoe-nailing machines using ready-made nails

Description

Sept. 8, 1931. G. GODDU FASTENING INSERTING MACHINE Filed Jan. 24. 1927- 5 Sheets-finest Sept. 8, 1931. s. GODDU FASTENING INSERTING MACHINE Filed Jan. 24. 1927 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 VEN 70R Sept. 8, 1931. I GQDDU 1,821,966
FASTENING INSERTING MACHINE Filed Jan. 24, 1927 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 Sept. 8, 1931. a. GODDU FASTENING INSERTING MACHINE File Jan- 24. 1927 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 Patented Sept. 8, 193i UNlTED STATES PATENT OFFICE GEORGE GODDU, OF WINCHESTER, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR TO UNITED SHOE MA- CHINERY CORPORATION, OF PATERSON, NEW JERSEY, A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY FASTENING INSERTING MACHINE.
AppIication filed January 24, 1927.
tica'ble to carry the outsole-stitching about them. Instead it is customary to secure this portion by a series of successively driven fas tenings at the time the outsole is laid, and
then stitch around the remainder of the sole.
By this practice, several difficulties are introduced. Since a number of fastenings must be used, a considerable time is consumed in their separate insertion, and they may not be most advantageously located with respect to each other and to the edge of the sole. The
work is held in the hands of the operator, and since the way in which the fastenings clinch depends upon the pressure, this clinch and consequently the manner in which the outsole and upper are drawn together may not be uniform, and are almost certain to differ from the stitcher in effect. An uneven crease results. This is increased by differences in curvature of the tread-surface of the 0 sole or irregularities in the bottom of the channel, which further disturb the uniformity of clinching. An object of the invention is to provide for the rapid insertion of the fastenings, uniformly positioned and 5 clinched.
is moved by a jack, upon which it is carried against abutment-surfaces upon the supports. In the utilization previously mentioned, the surface of the work with which the supports contact is upon the shoe-bottom, and the yield gives a substantially uniform clinching ef- Serial No. 163,080.
fect, regardless of surface-irregularities. Therefore, the elements secured are held together with approximately equal force throughout the series of fastenings, produc ing an even crease, and since the tools act simultaneously in all the supports the operating time is short. I prefer also to locate the inserting or operating points definitely upon the work, as with respect to the edge of the sole operated upon. To this end, the supports are made yieldable in another direction, or transversely of the previously mentioned yield, their relation being determined by the contact of gage-surfaces with the work. As one way of arranging for these movements of the driver-support, it may be yieldable upon a carrier, which, in turn, is movable, upon a universal joint, on the frame of the machine.
As another feature of the invention, a substantially uniform inserting force is provided in connection with all the'inserting tools or drivers, whatever may be their position as a result of the yield under the influence of the work. This is accomplished in a novel manner by furnishing a spring for actuating each driver, which may besecured to the frame of the machine or some member common to all interfere with the movement of the support,
either in its yield longitudinally of the driver or about its universal joint, the preferred connection being through a lever fulcrumed upon the frame for each spring, to which lever the corresponding driver is joined by a link. There is a movable member which simultaneously tensions the springs, together with means which releases'the springs for action. Herein is shown as the tensioning means a reciprocatory member Carrying a group of pawls, one acting upon each driver. Associated with each pawl is a contact memher, which causes it to release its driver.
At the time of clinching a tack or other fastening, the resistance to driving increases over that required for the previous inserting action, tending to separate the abutment-surfaces between which the work is clamped. In apparatus of the character of that herein described, in which one of the abutment-surfaces is yieldable, this separation may be sufficient to produce an imperfect clinch. As a feature of the invention, I guard against this by a new combination of elements in 5 which the inserting member is caused to illcrease the pressure of the abutment 1 member'- I ,upon the-work, as by its movementinto -engagement with said abutment memben In the present embodiment of the invention, a yield'able driver-support has a contact-sun face, which is struck by a surface upon the driver reciprocating in the support to force said support toward the work just as the driver-stroke is being completed- At thistime, the support is carried forward slightly by thea'drivenincreasing the clamping pressure as the greatest resistance-to driving. .is en:
countered; A further'featureof'theinvention" involves ZOIEXHGIIIbGI'S- '-which connect the independently movabletastening inserting sections in a novel manner, and-which determine the spacing between them during= theirindependent movement. In thisway,.the sections may be ;;qa-ll-owed to. move in adjusting themselves to therworlrwithout'disturbing the uniform arrangem'entofthe'fastenings. At least a por-' at the end of the toe of the-shoe operated on, as normally fixed, this providing a locattionvintwow'series, -=each connected and tens1oned "as ust inchcated. I
If. the..work'-port1ons, as thew sole-edges,
were "required to -separate @and thus position athet inserting sections, they might, especially if thin,-rbe"distorted bythGl-IOICQ'WllIlCh they must' exert. Thisyin the toes of: McKay shocs,-: would lead to'an uneven'crease. An additional feature of my invention guards fioaaagainst-this, it includinga member movable into. contact with thetool-supporting sections to 'efiect their: 'sep aration -'in preparation for their'engagement:with the worln This mem bends-preferably a templet having :a contour uapproximate1y that-of the. work. It moves thewsupports beyond their operating .IPOSI tions, and then (releases them I so they may assume such positions; sure upon the work is only that caused by the aforcenwhiclr:holdslthe supporting sections in: place against it. The positioning action of thetemplet isiprefera'bly under the power of themachine, while: the: release may be gov ernedby theoperatoryas' in starting an oper (i -atingcycle; An eft'ective way of controlling with In this way, the pres-- detailon the li11e-IVIV otFig. 3
the templet utilizes a lever having relatively movable arms, by one of which the templet is carried, while the other receives the actuating force. The arms may be connected to move together, causing the templet to separateiithe supportsy or the templet-carrying arnrmay-be freed from -the' connection to permit-the supports to take their operating positions. Preferably, a positive means reestablishes the control of the positioning member or templet by the power means which moves it,.this, inthe present instance, being by restoration of the connection between the lever-arms eliectedunder the power of the machine.
Under some conditions, aswith ':wide. shoes, the. distancethrough which the endinsertin-g SCt l0i1Sirl111lSt-ibB moved" from their closest-- approach is L considerable, and the position-J ingmcmrber or templet which movesa plu 85-.- rality ofetl1e-sections-at= one time -may 'en-I counter a ':considerable:' resistance: There I fO1 G,'.tS1Stilli1DOtl1eI feature ofthe inventiony its'act-uating mechanism; isva movable workgage, which exercises control over the actuating mechanism. TllIS controlmay be thi 'ough connections between'the gage andactuating mechanism. The-:ga'ge' movement .105
is produced only when the worlrhas reachedthe desired position. Until such time,--the"- inserting mechanism will remain disconnected from theactuating mechanism, and therefore inactive. The gage isishown -as:a back stop mounted upon a slide, 'which normallyx locks startingconnections for the actuating: mechanism,until engagement of the-work with the backstop moves the slide to free the:- connections.
A particular embodiment of the "invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which 1 shows a side elevation of my improved fastening-inserting machine, with parts broken away Fig.2, an enlarged front elevation of the upperportionzof theapparatus, with the tack-"distributor removed Fig. 8, a broken side elcvationwlooking.
distributor 4, an enlarged horizontalsectional-- tenses Fig. 5, a similar view on the line VV of Fig. 3;
Fig. 6, a vertical sectional detail on the line VIVI of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7, a horizontal section on the line VH-VII of Fig. 3;
Fig. 8, a similar view taken near the lower portion of the fastening-inserting sections;
Fig. 9, a broken front elevation of the work-engaging ends of the forward inserting sections; and
Fig. 10,. a perspective View of the connection between the tack-drum and its driving mechanism.
A column has secured at its top ahead 12, upon the upper face of which is mounted a generally semi-circular bracket 1 with its open side at the front of the machine. Upon this bracket are carried the tack-driving and inserting sections I, of which nine are here shown, though more or less may be employed in accordance with the requirements of the work. Arranged about a forwardly extending shelf upon the bracket, and separated from each other to correspond to the spacing of the tacks as driven in the work, are depressions 16 (Fig. 6), each furnishing the lower half of a socket for a universal joint, the upper section of which is provided by a ca 3 18 bolted upon the top of the bracket-shelf. Considering now a single inserting section, the socket contains a ball 20. depending from which is a. short bearing 01' carrier-sleeve 22. This sleeve passes through an opening at the bottom of the socket, projecting at the under side of the shelf. Arranged to slide through the sleeve is a tubular portion 24 of a driversupport or holder and work-engaging or abutment member 26 Between the top of the body of the support and a washer 28 bearing against the end of the sleeve 22 is a. helical spring 30 surrounding the portion 24. The effect of this spring is to hold the member 26 yieldably in its lowest position to receive the pressure of the Work which is raised against it upon a jack 31, the form and operating movement of which will be hereinafter described. The downward movement of the support is limited by a split sleeve 32 threaded upon its upper end and having a curved skirt 33 arranged to engage the exterior of the cap 18. By properly positioning these sleeves 32 upon the supports, the position of the latter may be made uniform with respect to the supporting surface of the jack or to the work thereon. Each sleeve may be clamped in its adjusted position by a screw 35 which draws the sections together. At the bottom of a downward extension 34 from the body of each support is an abutment-surface 36 (Fig. 9) for contact with the work, and in this surface is an opening 38 furnishing a nozzle through which tacks are driven. At the outer side of the opening is a gage member 40 adapted to contact with a sole-edge and thereby locate the nozzle at the desired point in the work. Its distance from the opening may be varied to correspondingly change the spacing of the tacks from the edge, it being guided by slotand-screw connections 42 upon the support and adjusted by a screw 44.
Movable within the tubular portion 24 of the body of the support is a driver-rod 46 having clamped in its lower divided end a driver 48. A clamping collar 50, which maintains the driver in the split end of the rod, may have a. flattened portion moving over a surface 52 upon the support-extension 34, and thus resisting the tendency of the driver-claim to turn. The driver is shown guided in the extension, its end entering a passage 5% which terminates in a split retaining quill 56. Tacks T are delivered for driving within this quill through a support-passage 58 and a tube 60 entering the passage from a distributing mechanism D mounted on a cap-piece 61 of the frame.
The extent of driving movement of the rod -26 is limited by a threaded collar (32 (Fig. 3) adjustably clamped upon its upper threaded extremity. This collar carries on its under face a cushion (i l, which may be of leather, contacting with the upper side of the support-collar 32. In a socket formed at the upper extremity of the drivorrod is seated the end of a strut or link 66, which enters a socket in a lever 68 fulcrun'ied upon an arm 70 projecting from the bracket let. Fixed in the arm is one end of a torsion-spring 72, the free end of which pres es against the lever 68 above the (ll'lVQf-Stl'tlb. This spring 72 exerts a constant tendency to force the rod 46 down until the cushion 64 contacts with the support sleeve 32, at which time the driver acts to insert in the work the tack held in the quill 56.
To tension the spring 7 2 in preparation for the inserting stroke of the driver, and then to release it for such stroke, the following mechanism is preferably employed. At the inner side of the collar 62 is a projection 7% provided with a shoulder '4 5 for engagement by a pawl 7 6 pivoted upon an actuating plate 78 and urged toward the projection by a spring-plunger 79. The plate 78 is secured to the lower extremity of a bar 80 guided for vertical reciprocation in the cap-piece 61. Upon the plate is carried one of the pawls for actuating each of' the drivers of the series. The shoulder upon each collar is guided laterally during travel of the projection 74 between upstanding walls 84;, 84 bolted to the support-collar 32 at opposite sides of a rib 85 therefrom (Fig. Engagement of the walls 8& with the pawl limits the angular movement of the support about its longitudinal axis. Thebar receives its reciprocation through a link 86, which joins it to a bell-crank lever 88 fulcrumedupon the head rounding a stud 124 atztheiadjacent end of-tlie 12 and having a roll entering a groove 90 in a plate 114. The springs 122, exerting their'ef-i cam member. This member is fast :upon a feet through the series of links, draw all the shaft 92 journaled in the head and driven sections, except the fixed rear section, inward through non-repeating clutch mechanism 9% to a position-for co-operation with the small.- by belt-gearing from a counter-shaft 98 roest work to be nailed. Tl1e'1driver-act1iating tatable in the foot of the column. Engage-- springs 72, by virtue of the vertical comment of the clutch may be controlledby a ponent of their :forceat the outsideof the treadle 100 and a connecting-rod 102, thelatpivotal points of the supports, also exert some I ter being normally depressed by a spring 104 tendency to carry in the lower portions of the to render the mechanism inactive. The supports. Lea'l springs 126, attached to thenormal or resting position of the plate 78 is supports above the links, press these-downas' illustrated in Fig. 3. At this time, the aboutithe pins to preventtheir displacement:- drivers have been raised by the pawls 76, so during the independent upward yield ofzthe is the springs 72 are under tension and the. supports. 80 drivers are ready for the inserting stroke. Were the jackedshoeitselfrdepended upon Upon the depression of the treadle and consewholly to force out the. insertingsections quent rotation of the shaft 92, the plate 78 against the springs'from their normal posi rises to an extent sufficient to bringhorition of-closest approach to 'oneanother. to
tcontal projections from the pawls into enthat requi ed for work greater than the small- 85...
gagement with the lower ends of contact estsize, thepressure of the gagestOtagainst screws 106 threaded through the frame. This the sole-edge might distort this and leadto causes the pawls to be swung inwardly upon imperfect work. I therefore prefer to effect". their pivots, removing them from beneath the a preliminary location of the sections, ap-.
es shoulders 75 on the driver-rod projections. ;-roaching that-which would be-giv en by the The drivers, thus released, are forced sharply s F or this purpose, there is fulerumed down by the springs through the supports upon a bracket 12S, projecting forwardly to effect the insertion of the tacks whi chare from the head 12, a lever having an upper resting within the quills 56. As the drivers section 130 and anindepe ndently.movable so -approach the end of their strokes, the cushhiwer section 132.; The section 130 has at-the.
ions 6 1 contact with the upper surfaces of inneredge of its upperextremity a .cam-in the sleeves so that the supports are forced cline 13a acted upon by theedge of the plate down slightly, the springs 30 elongating. As 78 as it rises after the: inserting. operation.
a consequence of this, just as me inserting op- A spring 136, connectingan arm 188 of the am-eration is being eon'ipleted, an additional. lever to the bracket, draws thelever-armz130 pressure is put upon the work by the abutinto engagement with the'plate; Pivoted upnient-s 'holds it firmlyagainst on the arm 138' is .a horizontally extending hfacesflo. Th upward yield, insuring a perfect clinching latch or connecting member 140 having at1 l2 of the tacks. Upon each holder-extension 34 a shoulder adaptedto engage atooth ld l upon io is a horizontal arm 108, and from each of the iideof the lever-section 132 to swing this these arms, save that belonging to the center to the.right,as-viewed in Fig.3 'of'the drawrcar section. depends a stud (Figs. 8 and ings. A. spring. 146', joining the latch and- 9) entering a slot 112 in a horizontal plate. bracket 128, holds .sai-d latch yieldably 114 secured upon the head 14. The slo'ts'conagainst thetooth. An arm'148 upon the lelo verge inwardly, radiating from the vertical v-er-section 132 may move into contact with axis of the entire series of inserting sectionswa stop-pin 150, shown as: that: to=which the l, and partially guide the sections for move 7 spring. 136 is attached,- and limitthe amount ment toward and from the work. Th5 rear: the tooth 1-H: can separate from the shoulder section is held against this movement since it Secured to the-lever-section 132- by a 60 is ordinarily desired to insert this tack at the screw-and-slot connection152: is a position- 1 same point for all sizes of shoes. This is ing plate or templet 154-, which'may be adaccomplished by two studs 115, 115, which "justed horizontally upon the lever bya screw project from the arm 108 of this section 156. As isbest shown in Fig. 8, this templet through holes in the plate 114, which they is curved to correspond to the toe-of a :shoe," closely lit. To maintain the nozzles of the and may be removedand replaced by other sections spaced from each other by the deplates in accordance with the form of the sired distances and to draw them normally A particular vorl; being operated on. At=itsintoward their position of ininin'ium senaratioinxner end,'the latch 140 extends beneath a the adjacent pairs are united by-linlzs 116 shoulder 160 upon a vertical-bar '162 carried- (Fig. 8) of lengths which will givethe chosen upon lever 164 fu'lcrumedaipoir the frame. relation and which join substantially vertical A helical spring 166, connecting the bar pins 118 rising fro-m the support-extensions. 162 'andleter .164, acts to draw said bar Forwardly extending links 120-are carried by i the-end of the latch to provide'for-- the pins of the front sections, and to each of. the engagement of the shoulder-*with the these is connected a torsion-spring 122Lsurlatch-end: The lever 16-fl-isunited-by a 1ink'-' Q" 168 to the treadle-rod 102 (Fig. 1). lVhen the machine is at rest, the plate 78 occupies the position illustrated in Fig. 3, acting upon the compound lever 130, 132, the sections of which are joined by the latch 1 10, to carry the edge of the teinplet against the inner edges of the support-extensions 3 1, so there are forced back slightly beyond the posi tions at which their gage-surfaces 10 are to contact with the sole-edge when the work is introduced upon the jack. W hen the operator depresses the treadle to start the machine, the shoulder 160 draws down the latch 1410 against the tension of the spring 1416, freeing the tooth 14 1 from the shoulder 142, and thus leaving the lower section 132 of the lever carrying the templet free. As a result of this, the springs 122 and 72 may now bring the gages against the sole-edge and position the nozzles, ready for the in ertion of the fastenings. To allow the templet to be reset after an inserting operation, the latch-shoulder 142 must have again come into engagement with the tooth 1 14; of lever-section 132. If the operator continues to hold down the treadle after tripping the clutch, the position of the bar 162 will prevent this re-engagement. I therefore connect the upper end of the bar to the cam-actuated lever 88 by a slotted link 169. During the final ascent of the bar 80 to its initial position, the inner end of the slot forces out the bar 162, and therefore the latch, until the shoulder 142 engages the tooth, again connecting the leversections.
To guard against the actuation of the inserting mechanisms before shoe is fully in place to receive the fastenings, locking mechanism is provided, this being controlled by the work. The stationary rear section 34 has associated with it a gage or back step 170, which is guided for movement in the bottom of the section and is mounted pivotally upon a. locking slide 172 movable horizontally upon the frame (Figs. 3 and 4). The locking portion of the slide is furnished by a piece 174:
secured to the main slide member. 1'4'2 by a slot-and-screw connection 175, and is capable of adjustment, by a screw 176, This adjustment varies the normal position of the back stop when the inner wall of a recess 178 in the contact piece 1741 bears against the opposed wall of recess 180 in a bar 182 guided for vertical movement in the frame. A torsion-spring 184, connected at its ends to the frame and to :1. depending tail upon the gage, acts both to allow said gage to yield upon its pivot with. the work as this is raised by the vjack, and also holds the slide 172 in engagement with the bar 182. Formed at the inner face of the bar is a rack 186, with which meshes a gear-segment 1.88 upon a lever 190 fulcrumed upon the frame and pivotally connected at its opposite end to the bar 162. As long as the elements are in the relation illustrated in Figs.
the end of the toe contacting with the gage- 170 forces the slide 172 in until the bar is freed, this releasing the rod 102 and permitting the treadle 100 to be depressed to start the machine.
As the resistance offered to the templet, in; thrusting out from their inmost positions sections at the front of the machine, may be unduly great, an adjustment for these is preferably furnished. Pivoted at opposite sides of the front of the head 12 is a pair of arms 192, 192 geared at 194 to move together (Fig. 8). The pins 110 of the outer sections enter slots 196 in vertically movable slides 198 at the forward extremities of the arms. A spring 200 holds each slide nor-v mally raised. it being capable of easy depres sion to facilitate the separation of these outer sections from the machine. Formed upon one of the arms 192 is an extension 202, at the end of which is mounted a handle 204. This, handle is arranged to be turned into clamp ing engagement with a segment-plate 206, which is fixed upon the frame and through a slot in which a reduced portion of the handle passes. By changing the angle of the extension 202 and securing it by engagement with the segment-plate, the outer sections may be moved in or out to correspond to the width of the shoe being operated upon.
The jack 31 rises from a carriage 208 movable into' and out of inserting position upon a table 210. This table is mounted upon the upper extremity of a slide 212 arranged to reciprocate vertically at the front of the column. A vertical adjustment may be given the table upon the slide by a screw and hand wheel-nut 214. A clamping screw .216 per- Inits jacks of various forms to be readily applied to the carriage. A handle 218 5 facilitates the movement of the jack between the work-receiving and the fastener-inserting positions. At the bottom, the slide 212 is connected by a link 220 (Fig 1) to a bellcrank lever 222 fulcrumed upon the column. The lower arm of the lever 222 is joined by a link 224C to a second bell-crank lever 226, the point of connection being variable by means of a slot-and-screw device 228. This allows the extent to which the jack is raised to be altered, correspondingly varying the pressure of the work against the abutmentsurfaces 36 of the nozzles. A vertical link 280 extends between the lever 226 and a bellcrank lever 232 fulcrumed upon the head and oscillated by the engagement of a roll which ber rotated by theshaft 92 and also having the groove =90. This mechanism effects the elevation of the jack, with the resulting pressure of the workagainst the inserting secgear 252 may turn somewhat upon the shaft .250. .Ingurrous shock to the mechanism will tions and its withdrawal to the normally do- 1 pressed position.
The distributor D may be of any form 7 suitable for the fastenings employed, for example that disclosed in Letters Patent of the United States No. 1,107,337, McFeely, August 18, 1914. The tack-holding drum 240 of this mechanism, which elevates the tacks for delivery to the tubes 60, may be oscillated from the bar 80 which carries the driver-actuating plate 7 8. A rack 242 upon "the bar (Fig. 3) meshes with a pinion 244 upon a shaft 246 journaled horizontally below'the' distributor. This, through reducing gearing 248, turns a parallel shaft 250, which has upon it a gear 252 meshing with a segmehtal gear 254 upon the drum. Since the weight and therefore the momentum of the drum in its oscillation is considerable, I interpose between the shaft 250 and said drum means for absorbing this momentum and "thus cushioning the shock produced by the reversalof movement The gear 252 is loose upon its shaft, and said shaft has, adjacent to the-gear, an enlargement 256 (Fig. 10). On the enlargement are fulcrumed opposite three-armed levers 2G0, 260. Each lever in- .cludes an arm 262 substantially parallel to the-shaft, upon which arm is a ball working in a socket furnished by divided block 264 arranged to play in ways 266 extending radially of the gear 252. 'The other two arms 268 of each lever are curved in opposite direst-ions, the ends of these arms upon both levers'normally lying in a common vertical plane. Against these ends a washer 270 surrounding theshaft 250 is forced by a spring 272, the outer end of which abuts against a washer 274 backed by nuts 276 threaded upon sition of these nuts, the force with which the .gspring presses the washer 270 against the levers 260 may be varied. It will be seen that the shaft/.250 drives the drum 240 through the levers 260, and that, long as the resistance or force exerted by the drum .does not exceed thatof the spring 272, the levers will not be displaced, and the shaft "250 and. gear 252 will move together as a unit. When however, there is an excessive stress, such as the resistance encountered in reversing the direction of rotation of the drum. this. transmitted through the levers, .will turn these and force outthe washer 270 against the spring, which will yield so the therefore be avoided.
Assuming thatthe toe-portions of the out- 5 soles of shoes are tobe' nailed to the insoles,
the end of the shaft. 7 By a change in the po the machine is provided with a'-=iack'\vhicl1 will enter properly into the particular sizes of'shoes being operated upon and will give, beneath the points of the securing tacks, a clinching surface. A templet' 154,- approximating in form that of the forward end of the sole, is placed upon the lever-section 132. A shoe S having been placed upon the'jack when this is in the position appearing in Fig. 1, it is forced into the point shown in Fig. 8. Here it finds the gages 40- of theinserting sections I held out of contact with it by the templet, the lever-section 132 being latched in by the member 140. The forward extremity of the sole, however, meetsthe back stop 170 and forces in its supporting slide'172 to release the treadle. The operator,'depressing this, starts the machine upon its insertingcycle by causing'the engagement of the clutch 94. The lowering of the treadle" releases the latch 140 by the action of the shoulder 160, so that the templet-carrying member 132 is freed to swing away from the inserting sections. Consequently, the side sections are carried in laterally by their springs 122 and 72 until t-heir gages 40 contact with thesole-edge and properly position the nozzle-openings 38 from said-edge, the correct distance between these openings being maintained by the links 116. "In this lateral movement the pawls '76 may share, turning about their pivots, and thus avoiding accidental release of the driver-rods 46, which they normally retain. T'he' jack is elevated and the sole pressed against the abutme'nt-surfaces 36 of the n07zles,the supports 26 yielding longitudinally of the drivers against the springs 30 to allow thenozzles to adapt themselves to irregularities of'the surface. The bar 80, first rising, causes the release of the tensioned springs 72 by withdrawal of the pawls 76. frombeneath the driver-retaining shoulders 75. under the influence of the contact-screws 106. The consequent descent of the drivers brings them against tacks T contained in the nozzle-quills 56, where theyhave been delivered at the proper time through the tubes from the distributor D. The sharp stroke of the. driv ers, under the influence of the springs, effectively forces the tacks into the sole. and, near the termination of their movement, the engagement of the, support-collars-32 by the driver-cushions 64 produces an additional pressure between the abutment-surfaces and the work, which gives :the proper resistance to the clinching force. Downward movement of the bar 80, followed by its rise to the normal position after the drivers have-thus=fnnctioned, causes the plate 78 to swing-the lever-- sections 130, 132 to reset the templet for the succeeding operation, said sections now being latched together at 142 and 144. That they should be in the correct relation for this l'atching, regardless of whether the operator had continued depression of the treadle, is insured by the action of the cam 90'upon the bar 162 through the link 169. During .the rise of the bar 80 and plate 78, the pawls 76 are in position to engage the driver shoulders 75, resetting the springs 72. The machine is now ready for another operation.
The application for Letters Patent for improvements in fastening-inserting apparatus filed in my name on December 23, 1926, and bearing the Serial No. 156,580 contains claims applicable to the present invention.
Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. In a shoe machine, a movable jack, a plurality of yieldable supports cooperating therewith, and a tool movable in each support, each of said supports being arranged to yield longitudinally of the tool and transversely thereof by contact of the acked work with the supports.
2. In a fastening-inserting machine, the combination with a frame, of a carrier movable 011 the frame, asupport yieldable bodily through the carrier, and a fastening-driver movable in the support under the power the machine.
3. The combination with a frame, of a carrier movable upon the frame to corre: nd to the work, a support yieldable with res it to the carrier under the influence oi the work, a
fastening-driver movable in the support, and actuating means for the driver mounted upon the frame.
4;. In a fastening-inserting machine, a frame, a sleeve pivoted thereon, a support yieldable through the sleeve, and a driver mounted to reciprocate in the support.
5. In a' fastening-inserting machine, a frame, a carrier-sleeve, a universal joint connecting the sleeve to the frame, a support guided in the sleeve, aspring interposed between the sleeve and support, and a driver mounted to reciprocate in the support.
6. In a fastening-inserting machine, a plurality of yieldable supports, a driver arranged to reciprocate in each support, a spring arranged to impart to each driver its inserting movement, a member common to all the springs and to which they are secured, and membersmovable upon said common member and interposed between the springs and drivers.
7. In a fastening-inserting machine, a. reciprocatory driver, a support for the driver arranged to both yield longitudinally of said driver under the influence of the work and to movela-terally, a spring arranged to impart to the driver its inserting movement, and means operated by the machine to tension the spring.
8, In a fastening-inserting anachine, a
frame, a support, a universal joint-between the frame and support, a driver arranged to reciprocate in the support, a spring fixed to the frame, and actuating connections between the spring and driver arranged to permit universal movement of the support.
9. In a fastening-inserting machine, a frame, a support, a universal joint between the frame and support and through which said support is movable, a driver arranged to reciprocate in the support, an actuating spring, and a link. interposed between the spring and driver.
10. In a fastening-inserting machine, a frame, a support, a universal joint between the frame and support andthrough which said support is movable, a driver arranged to reciprocate in the support, a leverfulcrumed upon the frame, a spring acting upon the lever, and a link connecting the lever and driver.
11. In a machine for inserting fastenings in shoe bottoms, a jack, a plurality of sup- )orts surrounding the jack, a driver movable in each support, a series of springs situated outside the supports, there being a spring acting upon each driver and arranged to produce the inserting stroke, a movable member act ing upon the drivers to tension their springs simultaneously, and means for releasing the drivers from the member.
12. In a fastoning-inserting machine, a plurality of movable supports, a driver movable in each support, a spring acting upon each driver, a traveling pawl for engagement with each driver and being movable under the influence of the corresponding support,
and means for disengaging the pawls from the drivers.
13. In a fastening-insorting machine, a plurality of movable support-s, adriver 1nov able in each support, a spring acting upon each driver, a rcciprocatory member, and a pawl for each driver movable upon the member under the influence of the support for said driver.
1 1. In a fastening-inserting machine, a plurality of supports, a driver movable in each support, a spring acting upon each driver, a'reciprocatory member, a pawl pivoted upon the member for each driver and normally retaining said driver with its spring under tension, a contact member into engage ment with which each pawl. is carried to re-v lease the driver, and means arranged to vary the normal relation between each contact member and its pawl.
15. In a fastening-inserting machine, a movable support having spaced walls, a driver mounted to reciprocate in the support and having a projection guided between the walls, a spring acting upon the driver, and a.
traveling member movable between the walls and engaging the driver-projection.
16. In a fastening-inserting machine, a movable support having spaced walls, a uni-- versal joint by which the support is carried,
a driver mounted to reciprocate in the support and having a projection guided between the walls, a spring acting upon the driver, and a spring-tensioning member engaging the driver-projection and arranged to limit the movement of the support upon its universal joint.
17. In a fastening-inserting machine, a frame, a support yieldable longitudinally and laterally in the frame and provided at one extremity with an abutment-surface for the work and at the opposite extremity with a contact-surface, a driver mounted to reciprocate in and move with the support and having a surface movable into engagement with the contact-surface of said support, and an actu ating spring for he driver secured to the frame.
18. In a fastening-inserting machine, a reciprocatory driver, and a support for the driver arranged to yield longitudinally of said driver under the influence of the work and also to move laterally, there being surfaces upon the driver and support arranged to contact and impart to said support a 1ongitudinal movement toward the work.
19. In a fastening-inserting machine, a frame, a carrier movable thereon, a support having an abutment-surface and being movable in the carrier, a spring interposed between the carrier and support and arranged to be compressed by engagement of the work with the abutment-surface, and a fastening driver mounted to reciprocate in the support and provided with a surface movable into contact with said support to permit the spring to elongate.
20. In a fastening-inserting machine, a frame, carriers movable thereon, supports respectively movable in the carriers and each having an abutment-surface, a spring interposed between each carrier and its support and arranged to be compressed by engagement of the work with the abutment-surface,
" a fastening-driver mounted to reciprocate in each support and provided with a surface movable into contact with said support, and a spring individual to each driver, said spring being: secured to the frame and arranged to actuate its driver and eifect said contact.
21. In a. taste pig-inserting machine, fasteninginserting sections movable independently of each other laterally toward and from the work, and members connecting the sections, there being one of. said members between each section and the adjacent section and arranged to determine the spacing of said sections during their independent movement in both directions laterally.
22. In a fastening-inserting machine, fastening-inserting sections movable independently of each other, and links pivotally connecting each section to adjacent sections.
23. In a fastening-inserting machine, fastening-inserting sections movable independently of each other, members connecting the sections and arranged to determine the spacing of said sections, and means acting upon the spacing members and tending to draw the sections together.
24. In a fastening-inserting machine, a series of fastening-inserting sections movable independently of each other, links connecting the sections, and means for applying tension to a terminal link of the series.
25. In a fastening-inserting machine, a series of fastening-insorting sections movable independently of each other, a series of links connecting the sections, and a spring exerting its tension upon each terminal link.
26. In fasteningdnserting machine, a normally fixed fastening-inserting section, a series of movable sections at each side of the fixed section. and spacing, members connecting the sections of each movable series to each other and to the fixed section.
27. In a machine for securing the soles at the toe-portions of shoes, a fasteninginserting section arranged to operate at the end of the toe and normally fixed against movement, a series of inserting sections which operate at each side of the toe, and means for drawing said series toward each other.
28. In a machine for securing the soles at the toe-portions of shoes, a fastening-insorting section arranged to operate at the end of the toe and normally fixed against movement, a series of inserting sections which operate at each side of the toe, and links connecting the fixed section to the movable section at each side and said movable sections successively to each other.
29. In a machine for securing the soles at the toe-portions of shoes, a fastening-inserting section arranged to operate at the end of the toe and normally fixed against movement, a series of inserting sections which operate at each side ofv the toe, links connecting the fixed section to the movable section at each side and said movable sections successively to each other, and springs exerting their force through the terminal links of both series.
30. In a fastening-inserting machine, a frame. a. plurality of supports containing reciprocatory drivers, universal joints connecting the supportsto the frame, guiding means for the ends of the driver-supports opposite the universal joints and including converging slots and cooperating projections. and means for forcing the projections inwardly along the slots.
31. In a fastening-inserting machine, a frame, a plurality of supports containing reciprocatory drivers, universal joints connecting the supports to the frame, guiding means for the ends of the driver-supports opposite the universal joints and including converging slots and cooperating projections, links connecting the supports, and springs exerting their force upon the links.
32. In a shoe machine, a plurality of toolsupports arranged to yield outwardly from an operating position, and a member movable into contact with the supports to efi e ct their outward movement.
33. In a shoe machine, a plurality of toolsupports arranged to yield outwardly from an operating position, and a member movable into contact with the supports to efiect their outward movement and then movable oppositely to release the supports for the assumption of their operating position.
34. In a shoe machine. a plurality of toolsupports arranged to yield to conform to the contour of the work, and a member having a contour approximating that of the work and being movable to separate the supports.
35. In a shoe machine, a plurality of toolsupports arranged to yield to conform to the contour of the work, a member having a contour approximating that of the work, and means for moving the member in contact with the supports to carry them to points outside the work and for withdrawing said member to permit the supports to engage the work.
36. In a fastening-inserting machine, a plurality of inserting sections, a member corresponding in contour to the work receiving the fastenings and contacting with the sections, and means for moving said member to separate the sections.
37. In a fastening-inserting machine, a plurality of inserting sections. a templet cooperating with the sections. springs forcing the sections toward the templet. and means for movin the templet into and out of contact w th the sections. V
38. In a fastenin -inserting machine. an inserting sect on. a positioning member into co-oneration with which the section is urged, means actin! in the operation of the machine for movin the positionin member into contact with th section. and one ator-governed means for fr ein the positioning member from t e movin means.
In a fa tonin -in erting machine. an insertin sectio a po itionin member into coo eration w th which the section is ur ed. means actin in t e o e ation of the machine For movim the ositioni memb r into contact with the sect on, d me ns controlle by the o erator f startin the machineQs id controlling means hoino' also arranged to free the nositionin member from the movin means.
40. In a fastening-inserting machine. a reciprocatorv actuating member. .a vi eldable inserting section, a lever movable by the actuating member. a templet carried by the lever and movable against the section under the influence of the actuating member, and
an operator-governed member for releasing the templet from the effect of the actuating member. 7 v
41. In a fastening-inserting machine, a reciprocatory actuating member, a yieldable inserting section, a lever movable by the actuating member and having relatively movable arms, a templet carried by one of the arms and being movable against the inserting section under the influence of the actuating,
member upon the other arm, means for connecting the arms to compel them to move togethcr, and means for freeing the templetcarrying arm from the connecting means.
42. In a fastening-inserting machine, aremachine and to act upon the connecting means.
43. In a fastening-inserting machine, a reciprocatory actuating member, a yieldable inserting section, a lever movable by the actuating member and having relatively movable arms, a templet carried by one of the arms and being movable against the inserting section under theinfluen ce of the actuating member upon the other arm, a latch pivoted upon one arm and engaging the other,
a treadle arrangedto start the machine,,and a member movable by the treadle and arranged to disengage the latch.
44. In afastening-inserting machine, an
inserting section,'a positioning member cooperating with the section, means for moving the positioning member into contact with the section. operator-governed means for freeing the positioning member from the moving means, andmea-ns for re-establishing'the control of the positioning member by the moving means. 7 i
45. In a fastening-inserting machine, an inserting section. a positioning member into co-operation with which the section is urged, means acting in the operation of the machine for moving the positioning member into contact with the section, operator-governed means for freeing the positioning member from the moving means, and means for reestablishing the control of the positioning member by the moving means.
46. In a fastening-inserting machine. an inserting section, a positioning member into co-operation with which the section is urged, means acting in the operation of the machine for moving the positioning member into contact with the section, operator-governed means for freeing the positioning member from the movlng means, and means movable under the power of the machine for re-establishing the control of the positioning member by the moving means.
47. In a fastening-inserting machine, a reciprocatory actuating member, a yieldable inserting section, a lever movable by the actuating member and having relatively movable arms, a templet carried by one of the arms and being movable against the inserting section under the influence of the actuating member upon the other arm, means for connecting the arms to compel them'to move together, means for freeing the templet-carrying arm from the connecting means, and means for rel-establishing connection between the arms.
48. In a fastening-inserting machine, a reciprocatory actuating member, a yieldable inserting section, a lever movable by the actuating member and having relatively movable arms. a templet carried by one of the arms and being movable against the inserting section under the influence of the actuating member upon the other arm, means for connecting the arms to compel them to move together, a treadle arranged to start the machine and release the connecting means, and means made efi'ective in the operation of the machine for restoring connection between the arms.
49. In a fastening-inserting machine. a reciprocatory actuating member, a yieldable inserting section, a lever movable by the actuating member and having relatively movable arms. a temnlet carried bv one of the arms and being movable against the inserting section under the influence of the actuating member upon the other arm. a latch pivoted unon one arm and engaging the other. a treadle arranged to start the machine, a member movable bv the treadle and arranged to disengage the latch. and a member movable under the power of the machine and arranged to restore the engagementof the latch.
50. In fastening-inserting machine. a plurality of inserting sections arran ed to yield outwardly from an ope ating position, a. movable member arranqed o force out a plurality of the sections. and means independent of said member for moving a portion at such plural sections. V
51. In a shoe machine. a work-sup ort. a plurality of operating sections arranged to move toward and from the worlosupport, a member movable into contact with the sections to force them from. the support. and means arranged to move a particular section from the support.
52. In a shoe machine, a work-support. a plurality of operating sections arranged to move toward and fromthe work-support, a member movable under the power of the machine into contact with the sections to force them from the support, and means arranged for manipulation by the operator to move a particular section from the support.
53. In a shoe machine, a plurality of oper ating sections, springs arranged to move the sections toward an operating position means operating under the power of the machine for forcing back the sections against the springs, and operator-controlled means arranged to force back a portion of the sections.
54. In a fastening-inserting machine, a plurality of inserting sections extending on opposite sides of the work, levers connected to the sections and arranged to move them toward and from said work, and means arranged to move said levers simultaneously, 7
and means arranged to secure against movement the levers as they are thus adjusted.
55. In a fastening-inserting machine, a plurality of yiel'dable inserting sections having projections, levers provided with slots receiving. the projections and allowing the sections to vield in the direction of elongation of the slots, and means for connecting the levers to move together.
56. In a fastening-inserting machine, a'
plurality of inserting sections, levers connected to the sections, one of said levers having an arm. gearing connecting the levers, and clamping means associated with the lever-arm.
57. In a fastening-inserting machine, inserting mechanism, actuating mechanism for the inserting mechanism, a; movable workgage associated with the inserting mechanism. operator-governed means for controlline the actuating mechanism, and a lock for said operator-governed means controlled by the gage.
58. In a fastening-inserting machine. in sertinq mechanism. a support movable to carrv theworlz to inserting position. a movable back stop for the work. actuating mechanism or the. inserting mechanism. starting connections torthe actuating mechanism. and a loclrin slide movable hv the hack stop and'acting up n "a connections.
59. In a fas ening-inserting machine. inser ing mechanism. a support movable to car v he wo k to inserting position. actuating mechanism for the nserting mechanism. st rting connect ons for the actuating mechanism. a locking member for the connections. a back stop or the work vieldable upon the locking member. and a spring arranged to act upon both the locking member and the back stop.
60. In a fastening-inserting machine, insorting mechanism, a support movable to carry the work mechanism for the inserting mechanism, starting connections for the actuating mechanism, a locking slide for the connections, a back stop pivoted upon the slide, and a spring arranged to move the slide to locking position to inserting position, actuating iao and to maintain the back stop in its normal relation.
61. In a machine for securing soles at the toe-portions of shoes, a plurality of fastening-inserting sections arranged in close proximity to one another in a series to co-operate with the toe of a shoe, each of said sections having a nozzle for engagement with the bottom of a sole and a gage for contact with the sole-edge, and a mounting for each section arranged to allow the sections to yield independently to conform to the contour of both the bottom and periphery of the sole.
62. In a machine for securing soles at the toe-portions of shoes, a frame, a plurality of fastening-inserting sections arranged in close proximity to one another in a series to cooperate with the toe of a shoe, each of said sections having a nozzle for engagement with the bottom of a sole and a gage for contact with the sole-edge, a mounting for each section arranged to allow the sections to yield upon the frame independently to conform to the contour of both the bottom and periphery of the sole, a series of springs secured to the frame outside the sections, each spring cooperating with a corresponding section and permitting its conforming movements, and means movable by the machine in its opera tion for energizing the springs.
63. In a machine for securing soles at the toe-portions of shoes, a frame, a plurality of fastening-inserting sections arranged in close proximity to one another in a series to cooperate with the toe of a shoe, each of said sections having a nozzle for engagement with the bottom of a sole, a gage for contact with the sole-edge and a driver movable through the nozzle, a mounting for each section arranged to allow the sections to yield upon the frame independently to conform to the contour of both the bottom and periphery of the sole, a series of springs secured to the frame outside the sections, each spring acting upon the driver of a corresponding section and permitting the conforming movements of said section, each driver under the influence of its spring contacting with the body of its section to force the nozzle against the sole-bottom, and means movable by the machine in its operation for energizing the springs.
64. In a machine for securing soles at the toe-portions of shoes, a plurality of fastening-inserting sections arranged in close proximity to one another in a series to co-operate with the toe of a shoe, each of said sections having a nozzle for engagement with the bottom of a sole and a gage for contact with the sole-edge, a mounting for each section arranged to allow the sections to yield independently to conform to the contour of both the bottom and periphery of the sole, and
GEORGE GODDU.
US163080A 1927-01-24 1927-01-24 Fastening inserting machine Expired - Lifetime US1821966A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2490901A (en) * 1946-03-06 1949-12-13 United Shoe Machinery Corp Fastening-inserting machine
US2715738A (en) * 1951-02-22 1955-08-23 United Shoe Machinery Corp Tack handling and driving mechanisms
US2779942A (en) * 1951-11-09 1957-02-05 United Shoe Machinery Corp Tack driving mechanisms
US2907038A (en) * 1955-07-28 1959-10-06 Spotnails Fastener driving device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2490901A (en) * 1946-03-06 1949-12-13 United Shoe Machinery Corp Fastening-inserting machine
US2715738A (en) * 1951-02-22 1955-08-23 United Shoe Machinery Corp Tack handling and driving mechanisms
US2779942A (en) * 1951-11-09 1957-02-05 United Shoe Machinery Corp Tack driving mechanisms
US2907038A (en) * 1955-07-28 1959-10-06 Spotnails Fastener driving device

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