US1813385A - Fastening device - Google Patents

Fastening device Download PDF

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Publication number
US1813385A
US1813385A US62348A US6234825A US1813385A US 1813385 A US1813385 A US 1813385A US 62348 A US62348 A US 62348A US 6234825 A US6234825 A US 6234825A US 1813385 A US1813385 A US 1813385A
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Prior art keywords
elements
portions
stringers
stringer
eye
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Expired - Lifetime
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US62348A
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Daniel F Dalton
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SHOE HARDWARE Co
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SHOE HARDWARE Co
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Priority to US62348A priority Critical patent/US1813385A/en
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Publication of US1813385A publication Critical patent/US1813385A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A44HABERDASHERY; JEWELLERY
    • A44BBUTTONS, PINS, BUCKLES, SLIDE FASTENERS, OR THE LIKE
    • A44B19/00Slide fasteners
    • A44B19/02Slide fasteners with a series of separate interlocking members secured to each stringer tape
    • A44B19/04Stringers arranged edge-to-edge when fastened, e.g. abutting stringers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/25Zipper or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/2539Interlocking surface constructed from plural elements in series
    • Y10T24/2545Dissimilar opposed elements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/25Zipper or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/2539Interlocking surface constructed from plural elements in series
    • Y10T24/2557Interlocking surface constructed from plural elements in series having mounting portion with specific shape or structure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/25Zipper or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/2561Slider having specific configuration, construction, adaptation, or material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/25Zipper or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/2561Slider having specific configuration, construction, adaptation, or material
    • Y10T24/2586Slider having specific configuration, construction, adaptation, or material including pull tab attaching means

Definitions

  • This invention relates to multiple fastening devices using a series of interengageable elements.
  • the elements on one side of such a device carry projections which engage a suit- 10 necessitates a ,wide and bulky fastening device occupying a comparatively largespace "especially where it is used as a shoe fastener.
  • Another objection to having the projections or hooks, in the particular case cited, placed min the same plane with the anchoring portions of their respective elements is the tendency for said projections to become entangled with outside objects when the fastening device isopen. This might result in bending 20 or otherwise distorting the hooks and thereby making the fastener inoperative.
  • the object of my invention is to overcome the aforementioned objections and to produce a multiple fastening device which is more compact in form and less apt to become inoperative when not in use.
  • Fig. 1 is a plan view of the multiple fastening device
  • Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on the line A.-A of Figure 1;
  • Fig. 3 is a bottom plan view on an enlarged scale of the fastener partly in sectlon showing the members of the opposite sides in an interengaged position;
  • Fig. 4 is a sectional view of the sl der.
  • a multl le fastener comprising a pair o fabric stringers 1 which may be of any desired material but are referably formed of square woven fabric olded about a cord or other flexible member 2 to afford a good grip v for the metallic elements in which this 1nvent1on is particularly concerned.
  • Two series of elements 3 and 4 are preferably employed, the
  • P former comprising anchoring portions 5 formed by suitably bending sheet metal such as German silver, or brass, which may be plated, about the corded edge of the strin rs as shown in the drawings, the sheet metafi one side of the plane of the anchoring or.-
  • a keeper portion 6 provided withan eye indicated at 7.
  • the eye? is located partly in the upstanding flange 8 and partly in the body of the keeper portion, as clearly illustrated in Figure 2 'of the drawings.
  • the second series 4 of the metallic elements are preferably formed from sheet metal by folding the same in, the same manner as the series of eyed members but the bent-under-portions thereof are preferably formed so as to constitute a hook 9 which occupiesa plane to one side of the anchoring portions 10 of the second series of elements,
  • theh ks of course being located and projecting laterally so as to register and be interenga cable with the series 0 elements.
  • the two series of elements are adapted to be operated by a slider indicated generally at 11, of old and well-known construction and comprises essentially top and bottom plates 12 and 13 pinned or otherwise secured together as indicated at 14 to form two con- Iergent guiding channels.
  • the top and bottom plates are secured in the desired spaced a art relation by a block 15 which is prefera 1y provided with a groove. '16 for passage of the hooks 9.
  • stop members may be provided at the upper and lower ends of th series of elements, headed pin 17 being eyes 7 in the other shown at the upper end of the two strin ersl
  • Each of the elements of both the series 3 and 4 has at its lower end a projection or will be seen, therefore, that the projections '18, serveto prevent lateral displacementof the elements in much the same manner as the hook 9 and eye 7 when in locked relation serve to prevent longitudinal displacement ofthe elements' V a In operation when the slider 11 is pulled.
  • the device is simple to manufacture, is compact, and presents a very narrow width of metal to the eye which is desirable from a manufacturing standpoint, and that the elements or fasteners, per se, are of a sturdy construction not likely to be bent or deformed in service and rendered inoperative. While the elements of the fastening device have been described as being formed out of bent metal, it will be understood that any suitable material can be used such as cast metal, etc.
  • a multiple fastening device having two stringers, a series of interengageable elements having anchoring portions secured to each of the stringers, some of the interengageable elements having hook portions and other of the interengageable elements having eye portion's, the interengageable elements being arranged on the stringers so that a hook portion is adapted to engage with an eye portion; said hook and eye portions being located to one side of the plane of their respective anchoring portions and being so constructed so that the hook portions and eye portions are engageable by edgewise convergent movement of the stringers.
  • a multiple fastening device having at least two stringersya series of'interengageable elements having anchorin portions secured to the stringers, some 0% the interengageableelements having hook-portions and other of the interengageable elements having eye portions, the interengageable elements being so positioned on the stringers and so constructed that the hook portions of one stringer are engageable wit eye portions on the other stringer, said hook portions and e e portions bemg oflset from the plane of t e anchoring portions, the hook portions being flat and extending in a direction from the other stringer.
  • a multiple fastener having at least two stringers, member having anchoring portions clamped on each of the stringers, some of said members having hook portions located at one side of the plane of the anchoring portions, and other of said members having recessed portions located at one side of the plane of the anchoring portions, said hook members and said eye members being so arranged on the stringers and so constructed that interengagement of the hooks with the eyes may be effected by convergent edgewise,-
  • a multiple fastening device having two stringers, interengageable elements having anchoring portions secured to each of the stringers, some of the elements having hook portions and other of the elements having eye 'rtions, the elements being arranged on e stringers so that the hook portions of the elements of one string r may be engaged with the eye portions 0 the elements of the other stringer, the hook portion and the eye portion of eachof the elements being y in a different planeifrom the anchorin portion of the respective elements, the hoo portion being flat and extending in a direction from the stringer to which it is fastened toward the other stringer;
  • a separable fastener comprising a pair of stringers, two series of unlike elements, secured respectively to the adjacent edges of the two stringers, and having interengageable portions located and contacting in a plane oflfset from and parallel to the plane ofthe stringers, the interengageable portions being so constructed as to be engageable by convergent edgewise movement of the stringers.
  • the interengaging portions being so constructed as to be engageable by the convergent edgewise movement of the stringers.
  • a fastener having a pair of -stringers, elements secured to one stringer and cooperating elements secured to the other stringer, some of the elements of the first mentioned stringer each having an extending portion turned up at its end and having an eye formed in the extending portion, some of the elements of the second mentioned stringer each having a hook arranged to engage with the eye of the elements on the first mentioned stringer, said interengageable hooks and eyes being located in a plane offset from the plane of the stringers, said hooks and eyes being so constructed as to be enga cable by con- .vergent edgewise movement 0 the stringers.
  • a separable fastener consisting of twoelements oppositely positioned on abutting stringers, the anchoring portions of each of said elements being formed to receive a stringer and extending from the edge of the stringer inwardly thereof to grasp a portion of the stringer therebetween, the interengaging portion ofeach element extending 1n a reverse manner relative to the anchoring porlo tions and'slightly turned up at its. end, one of said elements having an eye engageable with a hook carried by the corresponding portion of the second element.
  • a separable fastener comprising two engageable elements, each element being formed in a reverse curve forming three substantiallv parallel portions in three separate planes, two of said portions of each element engaging a stringer forming an anchoring means, the third portion of each element extending beneath the plane of the stringer toward the other element and having means adapted to engage cooperating means on the other element.
  • a fastener consistin of two elements oppositely positioned on a utting stringers, each element extending oppositely on either side of its middle point, one extension being turned back over and clamped to a stringer and the other extension being turned back toward the opposing elements, the turned back extension of one element being adapted to engage with an eye carried by the corresponding extension of the other element.
  • a fastener comprising in combination a pair of stringers, a series of elements secured to the abutting edges of each stringer, the elements on one stringer having portions offset from the plane of the stringers and adapted to interlock with cooperating portions of the elements on the other stringer whereby longitudinal displacement of the elements is prevented, and means similarly positioned on each element consisting of a '45 tongue extending in a direction parallel with the stringer adapted to engage the adj oinin element on the same stringer whereby latera displacement of the elements is prevented.

Description

Jilly 7, 1-- D. F.1DALTON 1,813,385
' FASTENING DEVICE Filed Oct. 14, 1925 anvant oz 1 DAM-ELL 1. Damon 33M his. 61; I
' Patented July 7, 1 931 M UNITED STATES DANIEL F. DALTON, 01 W TERBURI', OOINTISIECTIG'ITT, ASSIGNOB TO THE SHOE EAR-D- URY, GONNMTICU '1, A ODRPQRATION- 0F CONNZEGTICU '1 WARE COMPANY, OF WA PATENT OFFICE FASTENINGDEVIGE 9 Application filed October 14, 1925'. Serial m. 52,358.
This invention relates to multiple fastening devices using a series of interengageable elements.
Usually the elements on one side of such a device carry projections which engage a suit- 10 necessitates a ,wide and bulky fastening device occupying a comparatively largespace "especially where it is used as a shoe fastener. Another objection to having the projections or hooks, in the particular case cited, placed min the same plane with the anchoring portions of their respective elements is the tendency for said projections to become entangled with outside objects when the fastening device isopen. This might result in bending 20 or otherwise distorting the hooks and thereby making the fastener inoperative. The object of my invention is to overcome the aforementioned objections and to produce a multiple fastening device which is more compact in form and less apt to become inoperative when not in use.
For a detailed description of a preferred form of my invention, reference may be had to the following specification and to the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof in which:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of the multiple fastening device; I
Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on the line A.-A of Figure 1;
Fig. 3 is a bottom plan view on an enlarged scale of the fastener partly in sectlon showing the members of the opposite sides in an interengaged position;
Fig. 4 is a sectional view of the sl der.
Referring to the drawings, a multl le fastener is shown comprising a pair o fabric stringers 1 which may be of any desired material but are referably formed of square woven fabric olded about a cord or other flexible member 2 to afford a good grip v for the metallic elements in which this 1nvent1on is particularly concerned. Two series of elements 3 and 4 are preferably employed, the
P former comprising anchoring portions 5 formed by suitably bending sheet metalsuch as German silver, or brass, which may be plated, about the corded edge of the strin rs as shown in the drawings, the sheet metafi one side of the plane of the anchoring or.-
tions, being further bent 'or folded-to orm a keeper portion 6 provided withan eye indicated at 7. The eye? is located partly in the upstanding flange 8 and partly in the body of the keeper portion, as clearly illustrated in Figure 2 'of the drawings.
*The second series 4 of the metallic elements are preferably formed from sheet metal by folding the same in, the same manner as the series of eyed members but the bent-under-portions thereof are preferably formed so as to constitute a hook 9 which occupiesa plane to one side of the anchoring portions 10 of the second series of elements,
theh ks of course being located and projecting laterally so as to register and be interenga cable with the series 0 elements.
The two series of elements are adapted to be operated by a slider indicated generally at 11, of old and well-known construction and comprises essentially top and bottom plates 12 and 13 pinned or otherwise secured together as indicated at 14 to form two con- Iergent guiding channels. The top and bottom plates are secured in the desired spaced a art relation by a block 15 which is prefera 1y provided with a groove. '16 for passage of the hooks 9.
Any suitable form of stop members may be provided at the upper and lower ends of th series of elements, headed pin 17 being eyes 7 in the other shown at the upper end of the two strin ersl Each of the elements of both the series 3 and 4,has at its lower end a projection or will be seen, therefore, that the projections '18, serveto prevent lateral displacementof the elements in much the same manner as the hook 9 and eye 7 when in locked relation serve to prevent longitudinal displacement ofthe elements' V a In operation when the slider 11 is pulled.
downwardly the elements are disengaged a and when the slider is moved upwardly the' elements are engaged .by introduction of the hook members into the eye members in a manner that will be obvious. llhe hooks and eyesare so proportioned that when they are engaged it is impossible to disengage them by a direct lateral pull in opposite direc tions,
it will be apparent that the device is simple to manufacture, is compact, and presents a very narrow width of metal to the eye which is desirable from a manufacturing standpoint, and that the elements or fasteners, per se, are of a sturdy construction not likely to be bent or deformed in service and rendered inoperative. While the elements of the fastening device have been described as being formed out of bent metal, it will be understood that any suitable material can be used such as cast metal, etc.
It will of course be. obvious that man changes may be made in the details of the construction without departure from the principles underlying this invention, and
reference should therefore be made to the accompanying claims for an understanding of the scope of the invention. I
Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to protect by Letters 'Patcut is:
1. A multiple fastening device having two stringers, a series of interengageable elements having anchoring portions secured to each of the stringers, some of the interengageable elements having hook portions and other of the interengageable elements having eye portion's, the interengageable elements being arranged on the stringers so that a hook portion is adapted to engage with an eye portion; said hook and eye portions being located to one side of the plane of their respective anchoring portions and being so constructed so that the hook portions and eye portions are engageable by edgewise convergent movement of the stringers. 1
2. A multiple fastening device having at least two stringersya series of'interengageable elements having anchorin portions secured to the stringers, some 0% the interengageableelements having hook-portions and other of the interengageable elements having eye portions, the interengageable elements being so positioned on the stringers and so constructed that the hook portions of one stringer are engageable wit eye portions on the other stringer, said hook portions and e e portions bemg oflset from the plane of t e anchoring portions, the hook portions being flat and extending in a direction from the other stringer.
3. A multiple fastener having at least two stringers, member having anchoring portions clamped on each of the stringers, some of said members having hook portions located at one side of the plane of the anchoring portions, and other of said members having recessed portions located at one side of the plane of the anchoring portions, said hook members and said eye members being so arranged on the stringers and so constructed that interengagement of the hooks with the eyes may be effected by convergent edgewise,-
movement of the stringers.
4. A multiple fastening device having two stringers, interengageable elements having anchoring portions secured to each of the stringers, some of the elements having hook portions and other of the elements having eye 'rtions, the elements being arranged on e stringers so that the hook portions of the elements of one string r may be engaged with the eye portions 0 the elements of the other stringer, the hook portion and the eye portion of eachof the elements being y in a different planeifrom the anchorin portion of the respective elements, the hoo portion being flat and extending in a direction from the stringer to which it is fastened toward the other stringer;
5. A separable fastener comprising a pair of stringers, two series of unlike elements, secured respectively to the adjacent edges of the two stringers, and having interengageable portions located and contacting in a plane oflfset from and parallel to the plane ofthe stringers, the interengageable portions being so constructed as to be engageable by convergent edgewise movement of the stringers.
6. Aseparable fastener comprising a pair of stringers, two series of unlike elements,
secured respectively to the adjacent edges of of the stringers, the interengaging portions being so constructed as to be engageable by the convergent edgewise movement of the stringers.
7. A fastener having a pair of -stringers, elements secured to one stringer and cooperating elements secured to the other stringer, some of the elements of the first mentioned stringer each having an extending portion turned up at its end and having an eye formed in the extending portion, some of the elements of the second mentioned stringer each having a hook arranged to engage with the eye of the elements on the first mentioned stringer, said interengageable hooks and eyes being located in a plane offset from the plane of the stringers, said hooks and eyes being so constructed as to be enga cable by con- .vergent edgewise movement 0 the stringers.
8. A separable fastener consisting of twoelements oppositely positioned on abutting stringers, the anchoring portions of each of said elements being formed to receive a stringer and extending from the edge of the stringer inwardly thereof to grasp a portion of the stringer therebetween, the interengaging portion ofeach element extending 1n a reverse manner relative to the anchoring porlo tions and'slightly turned up at its. end, one of said elements having an eye engageable with a hook carried by the corresponding portion of the second element.
9. A separable fastener comprising two engageable elements, each element being formed in a reverse curve forming three substantiallv parallel portions in three separate planes, two of said portions of each element engaging a stringer forming an anchoring means, the third portion of each element extending beneath the plane of the stringer toward the other element and having means adapted to engage cooperating means on the other element.
10. A fastener consistin of two elements oppositely positioned on a utting stringers, each element extending oppositely on either side of its middle point, one extension being turned back over and clamped to a stringer and the other extension being turned back toward the opposing elements, the turned back extension of one element being adapted to engage with an eye carried by the corresponding extension of the other element.
11. A fastener comprising in combination a pair of stringers, a series of elements secured to the abutting edges of each stringer, the elements on one stringer having portions offset from the plane of the stringers and adapted to interlock with cooperating portions of the elements on the other stringer whereby longitudinal displacement of the elements is prevented, and means similarly positioned on each element consisting of a '45 tongue extending in a direction parallel with the stringer adapted to engage the adj oinin element on the same stringer whereby latera displacement of the elements is prevented.
Signed at \Vaterbury, in the county of New '60 Haven, and State of Connecticut, this seventh day of October, 1925.
- DANIEL F. DALTON.
US62348A 1925-10-14 1925-10-14 Fastening device Expired - Lifetime US1813385A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2637886A (en) * 1950-04-06 1953-05-12 Walther Trautwein Slide fastener
US2862274A (en) * 1953-05-20 1958-12-02 Louis H Morin Jam-free sliders
US2867878A (en) * 1953-04-30 1959-01-13 Talon Inc Slide actuated closure
US20090113676A1 (en) * 2007-11-07 2009-05-07 Chung Roger C Y Zipper
US20160183640A1 (en) * 2014-12-26 2016-06-30 Roger C. Y. Chung Snap button zipper

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2637886A (en) * 1950-04-06 1953-05-12 Walther Trautwein Slide fastener
US2867878A (en) * 1953-04-30 1959-01-13 Talon Inc Slide actuated closure
US2862274A (en) * 1953-05-20 1958-12-02 Louis H Morin Jam-free sliders
US20090113676A1 (en) * 2007-11-07 2009-05-07 Chung Roger C Y Zipper
US20160183640A1 (en) * 2014-12-26 2016-06-30 Roger C. Y. Chung Snap button zipper

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