US1773116A - Single-side-band system - Google Patents

Single-side-band system Download PDF

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US1773116A
US1773116A US249099A US24909928A US1773116A US 1773116 A US1773116 A US 1773116A US 249099 A US249099 A US 249099A US 24909928 A US24909928 A US 24909928A US 1773116 A US1773116 A US 1773116A
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Ralph K Potter
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AT&T Corp
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American Telephone and Telegraph Co Inc
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03CMODULATION
    • H03C1/00Amplitude modulation
    • H03C1/52Modulators in which carrier or one sideband is wholly or partially suppressed
    • H03C1/60Modulators in which carrier or one sideband is wholly or partially suppressed with one sideband wholly or partially suppressed

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  • This invention relates to a signaling system, and more particularly to a signaling system in which one of the side-bands or frequencies resulting from modulation is suppressed.
  • a filter may be economically employed to suppress the undesired component or components, but where small frequency difl'erences are involved between the upper and lower side components of the modulated wave, a filter so designed as to accomplish the desired result would be very cumbersome, and in some instances altogether impractical.
  • FIG. 1 shows vector diagrams illustrating the principles underlying the invention
  • Fig.- 2 illustrates a simple form of balanced modulator for balancing out one of the side-bands
  • Fig. 2 illustrates a simple form of phase shifter to be used in connection with the invention
  • Fig. 3 illustrates a modulator arrangement for balancing out both the carrier and one of the side-bands
  • Fig. 4 illustrates an embodiment of the invention as applied to multiplex telegraphy
  • Fig. 5 illustrates a modification of the arrangement disclosed in Fig. 4
  • FIG. 6 illustrates an embodiment of the invention in which two signals are transmitted, one on the upper side-band with the lower side-band suppressed and the other on the lower sideband with the upper side-band suppressed, both employing the same carrier frequency; while Fig. 7 illustrates a receiving arrangement adapted to be employed in connection with the transmitting arrangement of Fig. 6.
  • the general principle underlying the invention involves impressing the same carrier frequency and modulating frequency upon each of two modulators in such a manner that the two carrier frequency components will be substantially 90 out of phase with each otherin the two modulators, and also the two signaling components will be substantially 90 out of phase with each other.
  • the manner in which this results in suppressing one of the side frequencies will be iI IldGISiSOOd from the vector diagrams of
  • the vector diagram at (a) in Fig. 1 represents an assumed instantaneous relation between a modulated carrier wave and the products resulting from the modulation of such a wave by a wave of constant frequency.
  • vector C represents the carrier and vectors L and H represent the lower and upper side-band components, respectively, produced by singletone modulation of this character.
  • the vector L may be considered as rotating clockwise at an angu-' lar velocity equal to the angular velocity of the modulating wave.
  • the vector H may be considered'as rotating counterclockwise with respect to C at the same rate.
  • phase shifter 4 is included between the transformer 7 and the circuit 6 in order that the carrier component supplied to the tube 1 will be 90 out of phase with the carrier component supplied to the tube 2.
  • Equation .(2) represents the carrier wave component in the output circuit of the tube;
  • the second expression represents the sum or upper side frequency resulting from modulation;
  • the third expression represents the difference or lower side frequency 66 resulting from modulation.
  • Equation (4) Comblning Equations (2) and (3) to obtain'the output of tubes land 2 working into the same c1rcu1t, we have From an analysis of Equation (4), it is evident that if the voltages 6 and 62 be added to each other, the two components of frequency w+ p, being 180 out of phase with each other, will just neutralize each other,
  • the output consists of the carrier component and either the sum'or difi'erence product of modulation.
  • the upper modulator conslsts of two tubes 1 and 1', arranged in a push-pull clrcuit, while the lower modulator l1kew1se consists of two tubes 2 and 2, arranged m a push-pull circuit.
  • the carrier component applied to the lower tube through the transformer 7 is 90 out of phase with that applied to the upper modulator by reason of sense of the the inclusion of the phase shifter 4 in the circuit.
  • the signal frequency is applied serialresults in the suppression of one side frequency just as described in connection with Fig. 2, while the push-pull relation of the two halves of each modulator results in the suppression of the carrier so that only one sideband will be transmitted to the outgoing circuit.
  • Fig. 4 shows the application of the mind-- ple of the circuit of Fig. 2 to a two-channel telegraph system, although it will be obvious that the circuit may be extended to any desired number of channels.
  • a tone frequency for one channel is provided by means of a low frequency oscillator T the tone being interrupted by means of a key K in accordance I with the Morse or other telegraph code.
  • a tone for the second channel is supplied by a low frequency oscillator T which may be of the same frequency as the oscillator for the first channel.
  • This tone is likewise interrupted in accordance with the desired code by means of a key K
  • a carrier frequency j" is generated by a source S for the modulating tubes 1 and 2 of the first channel, a 90 phase shifter being included in one of the connections so that the carrier components applied to the two modulators will be 90 out of phase.
  • A'similar carrier source S2- generates a second carrier frequency 7",, to be applied to the two modulators 1 and 2 for the second channel.
  • the modulating wave or signal wave from the source T may be applied to the grids of the two modulators 1 and 2 90 out of phase, one conductor wire from the source T is connected to a neutral point with respect to the grids of the two tubes, while the other wire is connected to the grid of the tube 1' through an inductance L connected to a terminal of the. resistance 13, a similar connection being established with the grid of the lower tube 2 through a capacity C connected to the terminal of a second re-v
  • the phase shift intro .tubes 1 and 2 respectively, 90 out of phase with each other. The result is that one side frequency corresponding to the tone of the first channel and also a side frequency corresponding to the tone of the second channel will be suppressed.
  • the line terminals will be connected to the grids of the two modulating tubes of the channel, as shown by the dotted line position of the double-throw switch in Fig. 4.
  • Fig. 5 shows the apparatus for a single channel similar to that of Fig. 4: except that the phase changer for producing a 90 phase shift between the two components of the carrier frequency applied to the two modulatortubes is in this case'sim'ilar to that emthe connection to the grid of the lower tube 2 being established through a condenser C connected to a terminal of the resistance r.
  • Condensers 20 may be included in the carrier connection to isolate the grid battery from the carrier source S and also to prevent the tone frequency from the source T from entering the circuit of the source S.
  • inductances 21 may be included in circuit with the tone source T to prevent the carrier frequency from entering the signal circuit.
  • Fig. 6 illustrates a circuit by means of which the two side-bands corresponding to the same carrier frequency may be utilized as two independent channels for telegraph communication.
  • the carrier frequency f is applied to the grids of the two modulating tubes 1 and 2 through an inductance L and capacity C respectively, thus producing a phase difference of 90 of the two carrier components, just as described in connection with Fig. 5.
  • the tone input for channel No. 1 is controlled by means of a key K and is applied to the grids of tubes 1 and 2 through transformers 9 and 10 respectively, a 90 phase shifter 3 being included in circuit with the transformer 9. to produce the desired phase shift between the two tone components at the modulating tubes.
  • the tone frequency for the second channel (which may, if desired, have the same frequency as the first channel) is controlled by a key K and is applied through transformers 9 and 10 to the grids of the two modulating tubes, respectively.
  • a phase shifter 3 is included in circuit with the transformer 10 so that the tone frequency for the second channel applied to the grid of the lower tube may be shifted in phase 270 with res t to the tone frequency from the second chii nnel applied to the upper tube.
  • the receiving apparatus for receiving the two channels transmitted by the circuit of to Fig. 6 is illustrated in Fig. 7, and comprises two simple detectors D and D each coupled with a receiving antenna RA. If f be assumed to be the carrier frequency supplied to the modulators at the sending station, and f and f, be assumed to be the two tone frequencies of the two channels, the receiving antenna will receive and apply to the modulating tubes D and D the frelquencies f f f and f.,-f,. The detector 1 will then have applied to'its input circuit a heterodyne or beatmg frequency. fr-f This will produce a zero beat with the side frequency f.,f ear 'ng'the signal for the second channel so t at this signal cannot be observed by a telephone receiver.
  • the heterodyne uency will beat with the side frequency f.,+ 1 corresponding to the second channel to reduce a beat frequency f +f,, which wi be audible and will be inn terrupted in accordance with the telegraph code which interrupted the tone of channel No. 1 at the transmitter.
  • a beat frequency f +f which wi be audible and will be inn terrupted in accordance with the telegraph code which interrupted the tone of channel No. 1 at the transmitter.
  • the receiver a continuous tone of frequency f, due to I the heterodyne fre'quenc heating with the carrier component f.. his frequency will not be present in the receiver where the carrier is en pressed at the transmitter.
  • The' receive frequency f +f,, corres onding to the 00 desired signal will have a uency just twice that of the original tone frequency of the channel, where both channels employ the same tone.
  • the second demodulator D will be sup- .6 plied with a heterodyne or beating frequency suppress the lower side;
  • the method whic consists in producing two carrier wave components of the same frequency, shifting one of said components in phase with respect to the other, modulating each of said carrier wave components in accordance with each of two signals to produce for each carrier component a pair of upper side-bands corresponding to the two signals and a air of lower side-bands corresponding to t e signals, and combining the modulation components so that the upper side-bands associated with the two carrier components and corresponding to one signal will oppose each other and so that the lower side-bands associm5 ated with the two carrier com onents and corresponding to the othersigna will oppose each other.
  • the method which consists in producing two carrier wave components of the same frequency, shifting one of said components in phase substantially ninety degrees with respect to the'other, producing two components of the one signal degrees with respect to eachother, producing two components of a second signal shifted in phase substantially two hundred and seventy degrees with respect to each other, modulating one of said carrier components in accordance with one component of each signal, modulating the other carrier component in accordance with the other component of each signal, and combining the resultant modulation products so as to suppress the upper side-bands corresponding to one signal and to suppress the lower side-band corresponding to the other signal. 3.
  • a pair of modulators means to supply to each modulator 180 a carrier current component of the same frequency but shifted in phase with respect to' each other, means to producetwo components of a first signalshifted in phase with respect to each other in one sense, means to apply one of said signal components to each modulator, thereby producing upper and lower side bands corresponding to said signal for each carrier component, means to produce two components of a second signal shifted in phase with respect to each other in the opposite sense, means to apply one of the components of said second signal to each modulator, thereby producing upper and lower side-bands corresponding to said second signal for each carrier component, and means to combin the modulation products of both modulators so as to balance out the upper side-bands corresponding to one signal and to balance out the lower side-bands corresponding to the other signal.
  • a pair of modulators means to supply to each modulator a carrier current component of the same frequency but shifted in phase approximately ninety degrees with respect to each other, means to produce two components of a first signal shifted in phase approximately ninety degrees with respect to-each other, means to apply one of said signal componentsto each modulator, thereby producing upper and lower side-bands corresponding to said signal for each carrier component, means to produce two components of a second signal shifted in phase with respect to each other approximately two hundred and seventy degrees, means to ap 1y one of the components of said second slgnal to each modulator,

Description

Aug. 19, 1930. POTTER I 1,773,] 16
SINGLE SIDE BAND SYSTEM Filed Jan. 24, 1928 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Out all! 0 Independent SLdEBaA/ldi 0,90 [mm t 7% 6 BY A TTORNEY Patented Aug. 19, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE RALPH K. POTTER, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR TO AMERICAN TELEPHONE AND I TELEGRAPH COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK SINGLE-SIDE-BAND SYSTEM Application filed January 24, 1928. Serial No. 245,000.
This invention relates to a signaling system, and more particularly to a signaling system in which one of the side-bands or frequencies resulting from modulation is suppressed. q
In certain types of signaling systems involving the modulation of waves of different frequencies, it is desirable to suppress the sum or difference products of the combination. lVhere the separation between the frequencies is suflicient, a filter may be economically employed to suppress the undesired component or components, but where small frequency difl'erences are involved between the upper and lower side components of the modulated wave, a filter so designed as to accomplish the desired result would be very cumbersome, and in some instances altogether impractical.
In accordance with the present invention it is, therefore, proposed to overcome these limitations in filter construction by employing a method of suppressing the side-band or side frequency which involves the use of a balancing out effect for the elimination of the undesired components.
The invention will now be more fully understood from the following detailed description when read in connection with the accompanying drawing in which Figure 1 shows vector diagrams illustrating the principles underlying the invention; Fig.- 2 illustrates a simple form of balanced modulator for balancing out one of the side-bands; Fig. 2 illustrates a simple form of phase shifter to be used in connection with the invention; Fig. 3 illustrates a modulator arrangement for balancing out both the carrier and one of the side-bands; Fig. 4 illustrates an embodiment of the invention as applied to multiplex telegraphy; Fig. 5 illustrates a modification of the arrangement disclosed in Fig. 4; Fig. 6 illustrates an embodiment of the invention in which two signals are transmitted, one on the upper side-band with the lower side-band suppressed and the other on the lower sideband with the upper side-band suppressed, both employing the same carrier frequency; while Fig. 7 illustrates a receiving arrangement adapted to be employed in connection with the transmitting arrangement of Fig. 6.
The general principle underlying the invention involves impressing the same carrier frequency and modulating frequency upon each of two modulators in such a manner that the two carrier frequency components will be substantially 90 out of phase with each otherin the two modulators, and also the two signaling components will be substantially 90 out of phase with each other. The manner in which this results in suppressing one of the side frequencies will be iI IldGISiSOOd from the vector diagrams of For example, the vector diagram at (a) in Fig. 1 represents an assumed instantaneous relation between a modulated carrier wave and the products resulting from the modulation of such a wave by a wave of constant frequency. In the case of radio transmission, for example, vector C represents the carrier and vectors L and H represent the lower and upper side-band components, respectively, produced by singletone modulation of this character. With respect to the vector G, the vector L may be considered as rotating clockwise at an angu-' lar velocity equal to the angular velocity of the modulating wave. Similarly, the vector H may be considered'as rotating counterclockwise with respect to C at the same rate. In order to complete the conception, it is necessary to visualize a rotation of the whole picture (as given above), counter-clockwise at an angular velocity equal to that of the carrier wave. v
If, at the same instant as represented by the vector diagram ((1) in Fig. 1, the carrier had been modulated by the same single-tone modulators through transformers 7 and 8. .A phase shifter 4 is included between the transformer 7 and the circuit 6 in order that the carrier component supplied to the tube 1 will be 90 out of phase with the carrier component supplied to the tube 2. Likewise,
a modulating signal wave from a circuit 5 is applied to the modulating tubes through transformers 9 and 10, a phase shifter 3 being inserted between the transformer 9 and the circuit 5 so that the si nal component supplied to the tube 1 will e 90 out of phase with that supplied to the tube 2. Thephase shifters 3 and 4 may be of any known ty e,
- an example, for purposes of illustration, e-
ing shown in Fig. 2'. It is not essential to the suppression of one side component that the phase shifts be exactly 90 for both waves impressed upon the rid of tube No. 1. It is, however, necessary t at the sum of the phase shifts produced in the two waves be approximately 180. Obviously, the two opposing components must be of the same magnitude to roduce complete neutralization.
mathematical anaylsis of-the theory involved in the o ration of this circuit will now be 'ven. t the instantaneous value of moduliited potential in tube 1 of Fig. 2 equal e (E'.,+E,,, cos pt) sin wt a sin wt+E cos pt sin out frequency; and t is the time. This expression reduces to,-
E 2 sin (wp)t (2) a-E. sin wt-F 2 sin (w+p)t+ Here, the first expression on the right-hand side of Equation .(2) represents the carrier wave component in the output circuit of the tube;'the second expression represents the sum or upper side frequency resulting from modulation; and the third expression represents the difference or lower side frequency 66 resulting from modulation.
Fig.2.
Comblning Equations (2) and (3) to obtain'the output of tubes land 2 working into the same c1rcu1t, we have From an analysis of Equation (4), it is evident that if the voltages 6 and 62 be added to each other, the two components of frequency w+ p, being 180 out of phase with each other, will just neutralize each other,
while the components of frequency w p, be-
ing in phase .with each other, will have an additive effect. On the other'hand, if the voltages e and e be combined in opposing relatlon so that the one subtracts from the other, then the components of frequency w p "in Equation (4) 'will neutralize each other,
while the two components of frequency 'w-f-p will add to each other. This last is evident from the fact that two waves of the same frequency 180 apart will, when subtracted, assist each other. Consequently, either one of the side frequencies may be ehmlnated when 0=90, the side frequency remaining depending upon the external connection.
In Fig. 2, the output consists of the carrier component and either the sum'or difi'erence product of modulation. Fi 3.illustrates a circuit which utilizes the .ba anced modulator prlnclple in accomplishing the suppresslon not only of one side frequency but also of the carrier. Here the upper modulator conslsts of two tubes 1 and 1', arranged in a push-pull clrcuit, while the lower modulator l1kew1se consists of two tubes 2 and 2, arranged m a push-pull circuit. The carrier frequency 1s applied through transformers 8 and 7, respectlvely, to the common branches of the input circuits of-the upper and lower modulators so that the balanced relation of the tubes of each modulator will result in the suppression of the carrier component from the output circuit. The carrier component applied to the lower tube through the transformer 7 is 90 out of phase with that applied to the upper modulator by reason of sense of the the inclusion of the phase shifter 4 in the circuit. The signal frequency is applied serialresults in the suppression of one side frequency just as described in connection with Fig. 2, while the push-pull relation of the two halves of each modulator results in the suppression of the carrier so that only one sideband will be transmitted to the outgoing circuit.
Fig. 4 shows the application of the mind-- ple of the circuit of Fig. 2 to a two-channel telegraph system, although it will be obvious that the circuit may be extended to any desired number of channels. A tone frequency for one channel is provided by means of a low frequency oscillator T the tone being interrupted by means of a key K in accordance I with the Morse or other telegraph code. Similarly a tone for the second channel is supplied by a low frequency oscillator T which may be of the same frequency as the oscillator for the first channel. This tone is likewise interrupted in accordance with the desired code by means of a key K A carrier frequency j" is generated by a source S for the modulating tubes 1 and 2 of the first channel, a 90 phase shifter being included in one of the connections so that the carrier components applied to the two modulators will be 90 out of phase. A'similar carrier source S2- generates a second carrier frequency 7",, to be applied to the two modulators 1 and 2 for the second channel.
*Inorder that the modulating wave or signal wave from the source T may be applied to the grids of the two modulators 1 and 2 90 out of phase, one conductor wire from the source T is connected to a neutral point with respect to the grids of the two tubes, while the other wire is connected to the grid of the tube 1' through an inductance L connected to a terminal of the. resistance 13, a similar connection being established with the grid of the lower tube 2 through a capacity C connected to the terminal of a second re-v The phase shift intro . tubes 1 and 2 respectively, 90 out of phase with each other. The result is that one side frequency corresponding to the tone of the first channel and also a side frequency corresponding to the tone of the second channel will be suppressed.
Where the carrier frequency is to be modulated by a low frequency tone signal or long wave telegraph input transmitted over a line from some distance point, the line terminals will be connected to the grids of the two modulating tubes of the channel, as shown by the dotted line position of the double-throw switch in Fig. 4.
Fig. 5 shows the apparatus for a single channel similar to that of Fig. 4: except that the phase changer for producing a 90 phase shift between the two components of the carrier frequency applied to the two modulatortubes is in this case'sim'ilar to that emthe connection to the grid of the lower tube 2 being established through a condenser C connected to a terminal of the resistance r. Condensers 20 may be included in the carrier connection to isolate the grid battery from the carrier source S and also to prevent the tone frequency from the source T from entering the circuit of the source S. Likewise, inductances 21 may be included in circuit with the tone source T to prevent the carrier frequency from entering the signal circuit.
Fig. 6 illustrates a circuit by means of which the two side-bands corresponding to the same carrier frequency may be utilized as two independent channels for telegraph communication. Here the carrier frequency f is applied to the grids of the two modulating tubes 1 and 2 through an inductance L and capacity C respectively, thus producing a phase difference of 90 of the two carrier components, just as described in connection with Fig. 5. The tone input for channel No. 1 is controlled by means of a key K and is applied to the grids of tubes 1 and 2 through transformers 9 and 10 respectively, a 90 phase shifter 3 being included in circuit with the transformer 9. to produce the desired phase shift between the two tone components at the modulating tubes. Likewise, the tone frequency for the second channel (which may, if desired, have the same frequency as the first channel) is controlled by a key K and is applied through transformers 9 and 10 to the grids of the two modulating tubes, respectively. A phase shifter 3 is included in circuit with the transformer 10 so that the tone frequency for the second channel applied to the grid of the lower tube may be shifted in phase 270 with res t to the tone frequency from the second chii nnel applied to the upper tube. f This circuitlwil f dul t b uenc resu tin rom mo a ion y one 5 cliziinel lone, and will suppress the upper side frequency resulting rom modulation by the second channel tone. There will remain, however, an upper side frequency and a lower side frequenc the former corres onding to the tone o the first channel and t e latter correspondin to the tone of the second channel. One 0 these side frequencies will be interrupted in accordance with the telegraph signal which interrupts the tone of one channel, and the other side frequency will be interrupted in accordance with the telegraph signal which interrupts the tone frequency of the other channel. If the tone frequencies for the two channels are the same the two side frequencies will be equally separated from the carrier component. The output current will, therefore, include the carrler and two independent side frequencies, each interrupted or modulated in accordance with two independent telegraph signals. a
The receiving apparatus for receiving the two channels transmitted by the circuit of to Fig. 6 is illustrated in Fig. 7, and comprises two simple detectors D and D each coupled with a receiving antenna RA. If f be assumed to be the carrier frequency supplied to the modulators at the sending station, and f and f, be assumed to be the two tone frequencies of the two channels, the receiving antenna will receive and apply to the modulating tubes D and D the frelquencies f f f and f.,-f,. The detector 1 will then have applied to'its input circuit a heterodyne or beatmg frequency. fr-f This will produce a zero beat with the side frequency f.,f ear 'ng'the signal for the second channel so t at this signal cannot be observed by a telephone receiver. On the other hand, the heterodyne uency will beat with the side frequency f.,+ 1 corresponding to the second channel to reduce a beat frequency f +f,, which wi be audible and will be inn terrupted in accordance with the telegraph code which interrupted the tone of channel No. 1 at the transmitter. At the same time there will be heard .in the receiver a continuous tone of frequency f, due to I the heterodyne fre'quenc heating with the carrier component f.. his frequency will not be present in the receiver where the carrier is en pressed at the transmitter. 'The' receive frequency f +f,, corres onding to the 00 desired signal, will have a uency just twice that of the original tone frequency of the channel, where both channels employ the same tone.
The second demodulator D will be sup- .6 plied with a heterodyne or beating frequency suppress the lower side;-
'wave shifted in phase substantially ninety f.,'-l -f thereby producing a zero beat with the side frequency corresponding to the first channel, but producing an interrupted beat frequency of f f by means of which the telegraph signals in accordance with which the tone frequency of the second channel is interrupted may be heard in the receiver. A continuous tone of frequency f will also be heard in the receiver but this will not be present where the carrier is suppressed at the 7 transmitter. The interrupted tone heard in the-receiver associated with the detector 11, will have a frequency twice that of the tone of the second channel where both channels employ the same tone frequenc In fact, the same tone frequency will be card in the receivers of both channels, but the tone interruptions will be different. I
It will be obvious that the general principles herein disclosed may be embodied in many other organizations widely different from those illustrated without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined in the following claims.
What is claimed is:
1. In a signaling system, the method whic consists in producing two carrier wave components of the same frequency, shifting one of said components in phase with respect to the other, modulating each of said carrier wave components in accordance with each of two signals to produce for each carrier component a pair of upper side-bands corresponding to the two signals and a air of lower side-bands corresponding to t e signals, and combining the modulation components so that the upper side-bands associated with the two carrier components and corresponding to one signal will oppose each other and so that the lower side-bands associm5 ated with the two carrier com onents and corresponding to the othersigna will oppose each other. I
2. ,In a signaling system, the method which consists in producing two carrier wave components of the same frequency, shifting one of said components in phase substantially ninety degrees with respect to the'other, producing two components of the one signal degrees with respect to eachother, producing two components of a second signal shifted in phase substantially two hundred and seventy degrees with respect to each other, modulating one of said carrier components in accordance with one component of each signal, modulating the other carrier component in accordance with the other component of each signal, and combining the resultant modulation products so as to suppress the upper side-bands corresponding to one signal and to suppress the lower side-band corresponding to the other signal. 3. In a signaling system, a pair of modulators, means to supply to each modulator 180 a carrier current component of the same frequency but shifted in phase with respect to' each other, means to producetwo components of a first signalshifted in phase with respect to each other in one sense, means to apply one of said signal components to each modulator, thereby producing upper and lower side bands corresponding to said signal for each carrier component, means to produce two components of a second signal shifted in phase with respect to each other in the opposite sense, means to apply one of the components of said second signal to each modulator, thereby producing upper and lower side-bands corresponding to said second signal for each carrier component, and means to combin the modulation products of both modulators so as to balance out the upper side-bands corresponding to one signal and to balance out the lower side-bands corresponding to the other signal.
4. In a signaling system, a pair of modulators, means to supply to each modulator a carrier current component of the same frequency but shifted in phase approximately ninety degrees with respect to each other, means to produce two components of a first signal shifted in phase approximately ninety degrees with respect to-each other, means to apply one of said signal componentsto each modulator, thereby producing upper and lower side-bands corresponding to said signal for each carrier component, means to produce two components of a second signal shifted in phase with respect to each other approximately two hundred and seventy degrees, means to ap 1y one of the components of said second slgnal to each modulator,
' thereby producing upper and lower sidebands corresponding to said second signal for each carrier component, and means. to combine thev modulation products. of both modulators so as to balance out the upper side-bands corres onding to one si al and' to balance out t e lower side-bani s corresponding to the other signal.
In testimony whereof, I' have signed my name to this specification this 7th day of January, 1928.
RALPH K. POTTER.
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US2433380A (en) * 1942-07-03 1947-12-30 Int Standard Electric Corp Amplifying arrangement
US2442786A (en) * 1943-04-22 1948-06-08 Sperry Corp Balanced modulator
US2480705A (en) * 1945-10-31 1949-08-30 Rca Corp Frequency shift keyer
US2557817A (en) * 1948-09-30 1951-06-19 Rca Corp Alternating current frequency measuring
US2600226A (en) * 1947-04-29 1952-06-10 Hartford Nat Bank & Trust Co Device to minimize interference between dial impulses in a carrier system
US2605396A (en) * 1949-01-21 1952-07-29 Westinghouse Electric Corp Frequency selective device
US2611036A (en) * 1947-11-12 1952-09-16 Gen Electric Selective sideband transmission and reception system
US2752570A (en) * 1953-02-26 1956-06-26 Rca Corp Single sideband generator
US2762949A (en) * 1951-07-27 1956-09-11 Du Mont Allen B Lab Inc Comparator circuit
US2835889A (en) * 1953-03-04 1958-05-20 Collins Radio Co Single side band communication system using mechanical filters
US2856587A (en) * 1953-07-30 1958-10-14 Wesley R Schum Balanced modulator
US2870414A (en) * 1956-11-07 1959-01-20 Martin Co Suppressed carrier modulator
US2896172A (en) * 1957-03-06 1959-07-21 John C Cacheris Microwave modulator
US2950384A (en) * 1957-10-22 1960-08-23 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Microwave frequency converter
US3004460A (en) * 1956-12-31 1961-10-17 Baldwin Piano Co Audio modulation system
US4214129A (en) * 1978-12-04 1980-07-22 Reliance Telecommunication Electronics Company Sideband cancellation circuit for a transmission line communications system receiver

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2433380A (en) * 1942-07-03 1947-12-30 Int Standard Electric Corp Amplifying arrangement
US2442786A (en) * 1943-04-22 1948-06-08 Sperry Corp Balanced modulator
US2424971A (en) * 1944-07-21 1947-08-05 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Frequency-shift radio telegraph transmitting system
US2480705A (en) * 1945-10-31 1949-08-30 Rca Corp Frequency shift keyer
US2600226A (en) * 1947-04-29 1952-06-10 Hartford Nat Bank & Trust Co Device to minimize interference between dial impulses in a carrier system
US2611036A (en) * 1947-11-12 1952-09-16 Gen Electric Selective sideband transmission and reception system
US2557817A (en) * 1948-09-30 1951-06-19 Rca Corp Alternating current frequency measuring
US2605396A (en) * 1949-01-21 1952-07-29 Westinghouse Electric Corp Frequency selective device
US2762949A (en) * 1951-07-27 1956-09-11 Du Mont Allen B Lab Inc Comparator circuit
US2752570A (en) * 1953-02-26 1956-06-26 Rca Corp Single sideband generator
US2835889A (en) * 1953-03-04 1958-05-20 Collins Radio Co Single side band communication system using mechanical filters
US2856587A (en) * 1953-07-30 1958-10-14 Wesley R Schum Balanced modulator
US2870414A (en) * 1956-11-07 1959-01-20 Martin Co Suppressed carrier modulator
US3004460A (en) * 1956-12-31 1961-10-17 Baldwin Piano Co Audio modulation system
US2896172A (en) * 1957-03-06 1959-07-21 John C Cacheris Microwave modulator
US2950384A (en) * 1957-10-22 1960-08-23 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Microwave frequency converter
US4214129A (en) * 1978-12-04 1980-07-22 Reliance Telecommunication Electronics Company Sideband cancellation circuit for a transmission line communications system receiver

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