US1754102A - Boiler - Google Patents

Boiler Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1754102A
US1754102A US174045A US17404527A US1754102A US 1754102 A US1754102 A US 1754102A US 174045 A US174045 A US 174045A US 17404527 A US17404527 A US 17404527A US 1754102 A US1754102 A US 1754102A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
shell
flue
water
boiler
spaced
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US174045A
Inventor
Samuel B Harding
Original Assignee
Samuel B Harding
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Samuel B Harding filed Critical Samuel B Harding
Priority to US174045A priority Critical patent/US1754102A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1754102A publication Critical patent/US1754102A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/0005Details for water heaters
    • F24H9/001Guiding means
    • F24H9/0015Guiding means in water channels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters having heat generating means, e.g. boiler, flow- heater, water-storage heater
    • F24H1/22Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating
    • F24H1/24Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating with water mantle surrounding the combustion chamber or chambers
    • F24H1/26Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating with water mantle surrounding the combustion chamber or chambers the water mantle forming an integral body

Description

April 8, 1930.

S. B. HVARDlNG -BOILER Original Filed March 9, 192'?v 2 Sheets-Sheet l April 8, 1930. s. B. HARDING' BOILER.

2 sheets-smet 2 Original Filed March 9, 1927 Patented Apr. 8, 1930 wPATENT f OFFICE I SAMUEL B. HARDING, OF OSHKOSH, W-ISCONSIN BOILER Application led March 9, 1927, Serial No. 174,045. Renewed September 11, 192B.

This invention relates to water heaters or boilers, and with regard to certain more speoific features, to boilers for use primarily with domestic steam and hot watr heating 5 plants, but applicable to produce steam or ,hot water for any purpose, such as for power generation or process work.

Among the several objects of the invention may be noted the provision of an improved, compact boiler construction, having a flue adapted to make' more eflicient use of the available heat in a given fuel; the provision of a boiler requiring only a small amount of water which circulates rapidly; the rovision of a boiler having thin sheet-like ut unrestricted waterways, adapted to promote rapid circulation, whereby heat economies are increased and clogging and deterioration reduced the provision of a boiler of the class described having long heating passages adapted to extract a maximum amount of heat from the gases passing therethrough; and the provision of a boiler of the class described which is compact in shape,y light in weight and economical of manufacture. Other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out hereinafter.

The invention accordingly comprises the elements and combinations of elements, features of construction, and arrangements of parts which will be exemplified in the structure hereinafter described, and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the following claims.

In the accompanying drawings, in which is illustrated one of various possible embodi- -ments ofthe invention,

Fig. 1 is a cross section taken vertically through the boiler; and

Fig. 2 is a front elevation thereof.

Corresponding reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views of the drawings.

Referring now more particularly to Fig. 1, there is illustrated at numeral l an outside smoke jacket which is mounted on and around the boiler proper and which comprises suitable heat insulating material. This jacket 1 is closed in at its upper end by means of a flanged cap 3 and at its lower end by means of a condensation drain 5, forming part of a mud ring 35, an angle iron 4 being clamped around the lower end of said jacket 1 in order to hold it in place. The cap 3 is provided therebeneath with a mass 7 of mineral wool separating said cap 3 from an upper, preferably superheating head drum 9.

The head drum 9 is joined to the main shell 11 by means of a plurality of tubes 13 (four tubes in the present embodiment). The tubes 13 are welded or otherwise made fast to the -bottom plate of the drum 9 and the head 15 of said main shell 11. They serve to connect the interior of the drum 9 with the water or steam supply in the interior of the main shell 11, and also to separate the exterior portions of said head 9 and said shell 11, whereby a horizontal or lateral iue portion 17 is left for flue purposes. It may be seen from Fig. 1 that the jacket 1 has an annular spaced relationship with respect to said shell 11, whereby a vertical outer due portion 19 is left to connect with said portion 17, also for flue purposes. The drum 9, as stated, serves as a superheating element.

In order to carry olf the flue gases, a suitable breeching 21 is provided, having a lower connection 23 with said vertical Hue portion 19.'

and a by-pass connection 25 to said horizontal flue portion 17. A check draft door 27 is placed at the lower connection 23 and a direct-draft damper 29 in said by-pass connection 25. Another main direct-draft damper 31 is placed in the breeching between said damper 29 and the check draft door 27.

lThe water drum or shell 11 is enclosed at its lower end by means of the one-piece, preferably cast-steel bottom head or boiler base 33, with which is integrally formed. a mud ring 35, said condensation drain 5, a burner ring 37 and suitable legs 39. The double U shape of the described casting lends itself to keeping the castings straight as they come from the molding sand. Two of the three legs 39 are provided with inlet passages 41 to which the condensate-return connections are made. The` remaining leg is provided with a drain or blow-off port 43. The smoke jacket 1 engages said condensation drain 5 to close in the vertical flue portion 19, as described. The contion with said upper head 15 of the shell- 11.`

W'elded to the inner rim of the condensation drain 5 is said mainshell 11, the drain 5 forming a spacer between said shell 11 and the jacket 1. The burner ring 37 is of such dimensions that suitable coal grates or gas, oil or like burners may be placed therein to supply a suitable heating flame in the flue 45. Inasmnch as the exact type of heating element to be used is conventional, it is not shown nor described herein.

In annular spaced relationship with respect to the shell 11 is placed a shell skirt 47. This skirt is open at the top and bottom and is held in suitable annular or other spaced relationship by means of dented impressions 52. The skirt is held in position. by an inspection tube 53.

In annular spaced relationship with respect to the flue 45 is placed an internal cone skirt 49. This skirt is also open at the top and l bottom and is held in annular spaced relationship by means of dented impressions 54. The cone skirt is not positioned parallel to the flue wall 45 but is separated therefrom a greater distance at the top than at the bottom'. The purpose of this will appear hereinafter. The spacing of both skirts 47, 49 is as close as is practicable.

It is to be understood that the skirts 47 and 49 each extend substantially the Whole lngth of the respective contiguous wall, by which is meant that they are long enough to effect a rapid circulation of Water in the boiler.

An outlet 51 is provided for the boiler; and

-a peep hole 53 having a heat resistant glass 55 is connected with the flue 45 for purposes of viewing combustion conditions. A suitable lame inspection member andcleanout 57, lso provided with heat resist-ant glass, is use The boiler carries the ordinary operating appurtenances, such as a pressure gage P, themornetei` T, water gage Wand liue gas thermometer F. The legs 39 are ordinarily mounted on suitable blocks 59.

The operation of the boiler is as follows:

Water is led into the shell 11 through the return pipe 41, up to a suitable level, the exact level depending upon whether the boiler is being used for steaming or hot water pur oses. A burner or the like is located in t e burner ring 37 and the flame thereof permitted to effect a passage through the inner flue 45. The inner flue 45 is of a tapering shape, because as the flame travels upwardly it is cooled and the volume diminished. If a straight ue were used the diminishing volume would result in the hot gases withdrawing more or less from the heating surfaces. By using a tapered flue, a longer period of contact 1s maintained.

The cone expandsat one temperature and the shell at another and the head l5 functions as a diaphragm `take-up.

From the flue 45 the products of combustion pass into the horlzontal flue passage 17, around the water or steam tubes 13 and thence down through the vertical liue passage 19 (around the shell 11) and normally to the breeching 21 by way of the lower connection 23. In starting a fire, when there is a defective draft, some of the products of combustion, may be by-passed directly to the breechin 21 by opening the damper 29. The said ypassed products do not go through the vflue portion 19.

It is evident that the water Within the shell 11 receives heat internally from the flue 45 and externally from the flue passa es 17, 19. The result is that heated water is ormed on the flue water surfaces and the external shell surfaces. When the heat f is great enough steam bubbles are also generated, especially on the flue wall. The heated iuids rise near the surfaces on which they are generated and the purpose of the skirts 47 and 49 is to prevent the heating Water and steam from leaving the heating surfaces too' quickly. When they are permitted to leave quickly, colder water takes their place and the rate of circulation is impaired.

With the present invention, the heated iiuids are held4 to their heating surfaces by the skirts 47, 49 and the thermo-Siphon circulating effect is augmented. The result is that less water is needed for a given heating requirement, because the same water is used again and againat a much more rapid rate. The rate of heat transmission is also increased because the temperature 'difference or head between fuel and water is increased, due to the rapid circulation. Both of these results increase the operating economy.

Another advanta e of the present construction .is that, if the eed water has scale forming properties, its tendency to deposit scale on the inside of the heating walls is decreased,

because of the scrubbing action of the rapidly moving water andsteam bubbles over the heating walls. Scale ordinarily does most damage at the heating walls, because it lowers the capacity of the plate constituting the walls to transmit heat, whereby the efficiency of the boiler is lowered and the possibility of burning out the plate is increased. vThis invention, by reason of the vcloseness of skirts to heating surfaces, eliminates all'of said disadvantages.` r

The purpose of increasing the distance be.

tweenthe coneskirt 49and the 'flue 45- at their upper portions isto-'counte'ract the reduction in area of circulation which the cone construction would otherwise eiect.

It may be seen that this invention also pro Vides the maximum length of hot water film (between skirt and heating plate), as well as a maximum of due passage for a minimum amount of water carried. vThe insulation about the boiler prevents or reduces loss of heat by radiation, i

In view of the above, it will be seen that the several objects of the invention are achieved and other advantageous results attained.

As many changes could be made in carrying out the above constructions without departing from the invention, it is intended that. all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpretedas illustrative and not in a limiting sense, the scope of the invention being indicated in the following claims.

l claim: v i

l. A boiler comprising a shell containing water, an inner due passing from end to end through said shell, a spaced skirt in annular relationship with respect to the water side of the outer wall of said shell and a spaced inner skirt in annular relationship with respect to the water side of the inner wall thereof, said skirts extending substantially the greater parts of the wall lengths, said inner wall forming the wall of said inner Hue, the space between skirts being open and free, and a heating due spacedly surrounding the outer wall of the shell.

2. A boiler comprising` a water, an inner flue tapering upwardly and passing through said shell, a spaced skirt within and in annular relationship with respect to the outer wall of said shell and a spaced inner skirt in annular relationship with respect to the inner wall thereof, said skirts extending substantially the greater parts of the wall lengths, said inner wall forming the wall of said inner due, and a heating flue spacedly surrounding the outer wall of the shell.

3. A. boiler comprising a shell containing water, an inner due tapering upwardly and passing from end toend through said shell, a spaced skirt in annular relationship with respect to the water side of the outer wall of said shell and a spaced inner skirt in annular relationship with respect to the water side of the inner Wall thereof, said skirts extending substantially the greater parts of .the wall lengths, said inner wall forming the wall of said inner due, said spaced inner skirt progressively receding from the upper portions of said inner wall, the space between skirts being open and free and a heating flue spaced from and surrounding said outer wall.

4. A boiler comprising a shell containing water, an inner flue passing from end to end through said shell, a spaced skirt in annular relationship with respect to the water side shell containing4 of the outer wall` of said shell and a spaced inner skirt with an annular relationship with respect to the water side of the inner wall thereof, said skirts extending substantially the greater parts of the wall lengths, said inner wall forming the wall of said inner flue, means for providing a liuc passage arounf7 the outer wall of the shell connectingwith th inner flue at the upper end of said inner flue ailidlwith a breeching at the lower end of the s e 5. A boiler comprising a shell containing water, an inner flue passing from end to end through said shell, a spaced skirt in annular relationship with respect to the water side of the outer wall of'said shell and a spaced inner skirt with an annular relationship with respect to the water side of the inner wall thereof, said skirts extending substantially the greater parts of the wall lengths, said inner wall forming the wall of said inner due, means for providing a due passage around the outer wall of the shell connecting with the inner ilue at the upper end of said inner due, a breeching connected to the lower end of the, shell and a by-pass damper connecting said breeching with the upper end of the due passage around the outer end of the wall.

6, A boiler comprising a shell containing water, an inner due passing from end to end through said shell, a spaced skirt in annular relationship with respect to the water side of the outer wall of said shell and a spaced innerskirt with an annular relationship with respect to the water side of the inn-er wall thereof, said skirts extending substantially the greater parts of the wall lengths, said inner wall forming the wall of said inner flue, means for providing a flue passage around the outer wall of the shell connecting with the inner due at the upper end of said inner flue and with a breeching at the lower end of the shell, and an upper drum, passages connecting said drum with the interior of said shell, said drum being in'line with and spaced from said shell to form the connection between the outside due passage and the inner flue.

'l'. A boiler comprising a shell containing water, an upwardly tapering inner Hue passing from end to end through said shell, a skirt positioned in spaced relationship with respect to the water side of the outer wall of said shell, an inner skirt positioned in spaced and upwardly receding relationship with respect to the water side of the inner wall, said skirts extending the greater parts of the wall lengths, said inner wall forming the wall of said inner flue, an upper drum, restricted passages connecting said drum with the interior ofthe shell, said drum being in line with and spaced from said shell, whereby a lateral flue passage is formed connecting with the inner flue, and a jacket forming a flue passage around the outer wall of the shell, said last-named ue passage connecting with the lateral flue passage and a breeching connected to the lower end of the jacket.

\8. A boiler comprising a shell containing Water, an upwardly tapering inner flue passing from end to end through said shell, a skirt positioned in spaced relationship with vrespect to the water side of the outer wall of said shell, an inner skirt positioned in spaced and upwardly receding relationship with respect to the water side of the inner wall said skirts extending the greater arts of the wall lengths, said inner wall orming the wall of said inner ue, an upper drum, restricted passages connecting the drum with the interior of the shell, said drum bein in line withand spaced from said shell, w ereby a lateral flue passage is formed connecting with the inner flue, a jacket forming a flue assage around the outer wall of the shell, sald lastnamed fiuc passage connecting with the lateral iue passage, a breeching connected to the lower end of the jacket and a by-pass connection between said lateral flue passage and said breeching.

In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification this 8th day of March, 1927.

SAMUEL B. HARDING.

US174045A 1927-03-09 1927-03-09 Boiler Expired - Lifetime US1754102A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US174045A US1754102A (en) 1927-03-09 1927-03-09 Boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US174045A US1754102A (en) 1927-03-09 1927-03-09 Boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1754102A true US1754102A (en) 1930-04-08

Family

ID=22634559

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US174045A Expired - Lifetime US1754102A (en) 1927-03-09 1927-03-09 Boiler

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1754102A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2814278A (en) * 1953-06-02 1957-11-26 Donald L Cameron Combined water heater and storage tank
DE1113294B (en) * 1958-08-27 1961-08-31 Schoppe Fritz Boiler with a cylindrical combustion chamber
DE1190155B (en) * 1962-05-12 1965-04-01 Hovalwerk Ag Ospelt Boilers for firing liquid or of gaseous fuels
US3313275A (en) * 1964-10-02 1967-04-11 Paul W Goggins Steam generator
FR2575274A1 (en) * 1984-12-26 1986-06-27 Giraud Jacques HOT WATER GAS GENERATOR WITH OVERHEATER AND CIRCULATION BY THERMO-SIPHON
US20170363284A1 (en) * 2014-12-30 2017-12-21 Washington University Radiant boiler for pressurized oxy-combustion and method of radiant trapping to control heat flux in high temperature particle-laden flows at elevated pressure

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2814278A (en) * 1953-06-02 1957-11-26 Donald L Cameron Combined water heater and storage tank
DE1113294B (en) * 1958-08-27 1961-08-31 Schoppe Fritz Boiler with a cylindrical combustion chamber
DE1190155B (en) * 1962-05-12 1965-04-01 Hovalwerk Ag Ospelt Boilers for firing liquid or of gaseous fuels
US3313275A (en) * 1964-10-02 1967-04-11 Paul W Goggins Steam generator
FR2575274A1 (en) * 1984-12-26 1986-06-27 Giraud Jacques HOT WATER GAS GENERATOR WITH OVERHEATER AND CIRCULATION BY THERMO-SIPHON
EP0189708A1 (en) * 1984-12-26 1986-08-06 Jacques Giraud Gas-fired water heater
US20170363284A1 (en) * 2014-12-30 2017-12-21 Washington University Radiant boiler for pressurized oxy-combustion and method of radiant trapping to control heat flux in high temperature particle-laden flows at elevated pressure
US10731847B2 (en) * 2014-12-30 2020-08-04 Washington University Radiant boiler for pressurized oxy-combustion and method of radiant trapping to control heat flux in high temperature particle-laden flows at elevated pressure

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2383924A (en) Heater
US1933056A (en) Heater
US1935919A (en) Tank water heater
US2210830A (en) Heating apparatus
US3171388A (en) Heating apparatus
US2080404A (en) Boiler
US1661193A (en) Water heater
US2311469A (en) Liquid fuel burner
US2480657A (en) Water heater
US2263031A (en) Water heater
US1885040A (en) Water heater
US2228602A (en) Oil burner furnace
US1846647A (en) Pulverized fuel furnace
US2123444A (en) Boiler, furnace, or the like
US1999984A (en) Steam boiler
US1825433A (en) Heater
US3107656A (en) Boilers having a combustion chamber encircled with water tubes
US2146565A (en) Boiler
US2119606A (en) Domestic heating boiler
US2025089A (en) Gas burning apparatus
US1500838A (en) Heating attachment for stove or furnace pipes
US2391028A (en) Hot air heating furnace
US2414875A (en) Water heater
US3180322A (en) Hot water storage tank with centrally suspended heating unit
US54730A (en) Improved steam-generator