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US1720189A - Electric-motor-control system - Google Patents

Electric-motor-control system Download PDF

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Publication number
US1720189A
US1720189A US9259126A US1720189A US 1720189 A US1720189 A US 1720189A US 9259126 A US9259126 A US 9259126A US 1720189 A US1720189 A US 1720189A
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Prior art keywords
sleeve
shaft
contactors
cams
cam
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Jackson Albert Henry
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Jackson Albert Henry
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L15/00Methods, circuits, or devices for controlling the traction-motor speed of electrically-propelled vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/26Rail vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/64Electric machine technologies for applications in electromobilty
    • Y02T10/642Control strategies of electric machines for automotive applications
    • Y02T10/645Control strategies for dc machines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/21Elements
    • Y10T74/2101Cams
    • Y10T74/2102Adjustable

Description

y 1929. A. H. JACKSON ELECTRIC MOTOR CONTRCL SYSTEM Filed March 5. 1926 2 Shaw-Sheet 1 July 9, 1929. A. H. JACKSON ELECTRIC MOTOR CONTROL SYSTEM Filed Mafch 5, 19 26 2 Sheets-Sheet Patented July 9, 1929.

UNITED STATES I 1,720,189 PATENT OFFICE.

ALBERT HENRY JACKSON, 01' LONDON, ENGLAND.

ELECTRIC-MOTOR-CONTROL SYSTEM.

Application filed March 5, 1926, Serial No. 92,591, and in. Great Britain Kay 25, 1925.

This invention relates to electric motor control systems of the type in which the variation of conditions in the circuit of the electric motors is effected through the agency of contactor switches mechanically actuated from a shaft carrying a series of cams.

Such systems of control are largely used on electric trains the control mechanisms of the several propelling vehicles being normally remote-controlled from a master controller. These systems are known in practice as camshaft systems, and the driving medium for the cam-shaft may, for example, be an auxiliary electric motor or pneumatic cylinders electrically controlled.

Heretofore it has been the practice for the cam-shaft to operate only such contactor switches as are necessary to effect the variations of current in the motor circuits and the changes of grouping of the motors, as, for example, by the insertion and withdrawal of resistance and by grouping the motors first in series and then in parallel connection. The switch or switches for reversing the motors for driving the train in the reverse direction has constituted a separate apparatus operated preferably either by electric solenoids or by electro-magnetically controlled penumatic cylinders.

The chief object of this invention is to incorporate on the cam-shaft the mechanism for reversing the main motors and to thus dispense with the said separate apparatus, which is both costly, bulky and heavy.

According to the present invention a sleeve carrying cams for actuating reversing contactors for the main motors, is slidably mounted on the cam-shaft and according to its position serves to controlthe main motors so that these are driven either in the forward direction or in the reverse direction. The sleeve is positively actuated by means of electromagnets which are energized 1n the known manner by train wires controlled by a master controller. For this purpose one end of a pivotally mounted forked lever is connected to the cores of the electro-magnets whilst its forked end engages with a grooved collar connected to the sleeve. The sleeve is also provided with insulated contacts adapted to co-operate with stationary contacts so as to control the circuit of a pilot motor drivlng the cam-shaft, the arrangement being such that the pilot motor is not energized until after the sleeve has been moved to one or other of its maximum positions. As a further precaution the sleeve also carries a notched disc of which the notch co-operates with'a stationary stop with which it remains in engagement until the sleeve has been moved to its maximum positions.

The invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein:

Fig. 1 shows one form of construction of the apparatus.

Fig. 2 shows a diagrammatic layout of the system and Fig. 3 shows a the pilot motor.

Referring now to Fig. 1 the usual cams 1 for actuating the resistance and series-parallelmg contactors 1 are keyed to the shaft 2. On this shaft is slidably mounted a sleeve 3 to which are keyed cams 4, preferably four 111 number. The cams 4, according to the position of the sleeve 3, are adapted to operate either four contactors 5 or four contactors'6 which control the passage of current to the main motors 29 and for the purpose of forward drive or for reversing them. This will partial circuit diagram for be clearly understood from the diagram in Fi 2 without further description.

he sleeve is also provided with a collar 9 which engages the forked end of a lever 7 fulcrumed at 8 in a bracket 28. The other end of the lever 7 is connected to a rod 10 se cured to the cores 11 and 12 of oppositely arranged electro-magnets 13 and 14.

On the sleeve 3 are also provided insulated contacts 19 and 20 which are adapted to cooperate with stationary contact fingers connected to the lines 17 18, 21, 22 and 23. The line 23 is connected to earth or to the negative terminal of the supply. The lines 17 and 18 are respectively connected to the electromagnets 13 and 14 whilst the lines 21 and 22 lead to a pilot motor 24 and thence to earth or the negative terminal of the supply.

Two train wires 15 and 16, adapted to be energized from a master controller, not

shown, are respectively connected to the windinsrs of the electro-magnets 13 and 14.

The operation of the apparatus is substantially as follows Assuming that the train wire 15 is energized from the master controller current will flow through the winding of electromagnet 13, line 17, the stationary finger of this line, contact 20 and line 23 to earth. The electromagnet 13 will thus be energized and attract its core, thus drawing the upper end of the lever 7 to the left(I ig. 1) and throwing the of lines 17 and 22, thus closing the circuit of the pilot motor24 which will now drive the cam-shaft 2 through suitable gearing, not shown. The motors 29 and 30. will now be connected up for drivin in one direction.

If new the line 15 is de-encrgized and the line 16 is energized a circuit will be established from line 16, through electro-magnet 14, line 18, contact 19, and line 23 to earth. The elcctro-magnet 14 will thus be energized and the sleeve 3 will be moved in the opposite direction so as to bring the cams 4 opposite contactors 5. At the same time the contact 19 will have been moved away from the stationary finger of line 23 and will now bridge the stationary fingers of lines 18 and 21, thus closing the circuit of the pilot motor 24 which will now drive the cam shaft 2. When the sleeve 3 is in this position the motors 29 and 30 will be driven in the opposite direction to that previously described.

In order to prevent the rotation of the camshaft and the sleeve 3 until the sleeve 3 has been moved into one or other of its maximum positions, also to prevent the sleeve 3 being slidably redisposed with relation to the camshaft except when the cam-shaft is in the OE position, the sleeve 3 carries a disc 25 notched at 26, the notch co-operating with a stationary stop 27 on the racket 28. As will be seen from Fig. 1 the sleeve 3 and cam-shaft 2 are thus prevented from being rotated until the notch 26 has been disengaged from the stop 27 which occurs when the sleeve 3 has been moved to its maximum positions. Conversely when cam-shaft 2 and sleeve 3 have been rotated from the off position sleeve 3 is prevented from being redisposed into the other or opposite position.

What I claim is 1 1. In a switch for electric motors including forward contactors, reverse contactors, a cam shaft,-a sleeve slidably mounted on said cam shaft, a plurality of cams on said sleeve, said last mentioned cams co-operating with the forward contactors in one position of the sleeve and with the reverse contactors in another position of the sleeve, a grooved collar on said sleeve, a bracket, a forked lever pivoted to said bracket, a pair of electromagnets and circuits therefor, a rod connecting the cores of said electromagnets, said forked lever engaging at its forked end with the grooved collar and at its other end being hinged to the rod, insulated contacts on the sleeve, stationary contacts co-operating with the insulated contacts, said stationary contacts being included in the circuits of the electromagnets, a notched disc on the sleeve, a stop on the bracket, said stop co-operating with the notched disc, and anauxiliary motor the shaft, a plurality of cams on said sleeve adapted to cooperate alternatively with the forward and reverse, contactors, and means to operate the sleeve longitudinally on the shaft.

4. A switch for electric motors including forward and reverse contactors, comprising a cam shaft, a sleeve slidably mounted on the shaft, a plurality of cams on said sleeve adapted to cooperate alternatively with the forward and reverse contactors, and electrically actuated means to operate the sleeve longitudinally on the shaft.

5. A switch for electric motors including forward and reverse contactors, comprising a cam shaft, a sleeve slidably mounted on the shaft, a plurality of cams on said sleeve adapted to cooperate alternatively with the forward and reverse contactors, a lever for operating the sleeve longitudinally on the shaft, and electrically actuated means for controlling the lever.

6. A switch for electric motors including forward and reverse contactors, comprising a cam shaft, a sleeve slidably mounted on the shaft, a plurality of cams on said sleeve adapted to cooperate alternatively with the forward and reverse contactors, a lever for operating the sleeve longitudinally on the shaft, and a pair of electromagnets adapted to be energized alternatively and connected to and operating the lever.

7. A switch for electric motors including forward and reverse contactors, comprising a cam shaft, a sleeve slidably mounted on the shaft, a plurality of cams on said sleeve adapted to cooperate alternatively with the forward and reverse contactors, a grooved collar secured to the sleeve, a lever cooperating'with the collar to move the same and thereby the sleeve, a pair of electromagnets to be energized alternatively, a rod operated by the energized electromagnet, and a connection between said rod and lever.

' 8. A switch for electric motors including forward and reverse contactors, comprising a cam shaft, a sleeve slidably mounted on the shaft, a plurality of cams on said sleeve adapted to cooperate alternatively with the forward and reverse contactors, means to operate the sleeve longitudinally on the shaft, and a mechanically interlocking device to prevent rotation of the sleeve until it has been moved to one or the other of its maximum end positions.

9. A switch for electric motors including forward and reverse contactors, comprising a cam shaft, a sleeve slidably mounted on the shaft, a plurality of cams on said sleeve adapted to cooperate alternatively with the forward and reverse contactors, means to operate the sleeve longitudinally on the shaft, a notched disk carried by the sleeve, and a stationary stop cooperating with the notch in said disk to prevent rotation of the sleeve until the sleeve has been moved to one or the other of its maximum end positions.

10. An electric motor control apparatus comprisin a rotatable shaft, a series of cams fixed on tile shaft, contactors adjacent the shaft to be operated by the cams, a sleeve ro tatable with and slidable on theshaft, cams fixed to the sleeve, means for operating the sleeve to either of two predetermined positions, and contactors to be selectively operated by the cams according to the position of the sleeve.

11. In an electric motor control apparatus of the type comprising a series of contactors mechanically operated by cams on a rotatable shaft, a sleeve rotating with and slidable axially upon said shaft, and cams upon said operated by the sleeve-carried cams in either of such positions, and means for preventing cam operation by the cam shaft until the sleeve has been placed in either one or the other of said predetermined positions.

13. A switch for electric motors including acam shaft, cams thereon for controlling certain contactors, a sleeve slidable on the shaft, cams on said sleeve, means for operating the sleeve to position the cams in either one of two determinate positions, contactors to be operated by the sleeve-carried cams in either of such positions, and means for preventing cam operation by the cam shaft until the sleeve has been placed in either one or the other of said predetermined positions, said means operating to prevent operation of the sleeve from one position to the other except in a predetermined position of the cam shaft.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.

. ALBERT H. JACKSON.

US1720189A 1925-05-25 1926-03-05 Electric-motor-control system Expired - Lifetime US1720189A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2428569A (en) * 1943-05-07 1947-10-07 Express Lift Co Ltd Step-by-step actuator for electromagnetic switches
US2475311A (en) * 1944-12-06 1949-07-05 Ibm Adjustable cam mechanism
US2480589A (en) * 1946-06-07 1949-08-30 Gen Electric Electromechanical tap changing mechanism
US2700904A (en) * 1952-04-15 1955-02-01 James D Hough Control mechanism
US2964606A (en) * 1957-03-20 1960-12-13 Robert M Bacon Disconnect switch mechanism
US3421589A (en) * 1965-09-16 1969-01-14 Theodore Rivinius Blade mountings and controls for road graders
US3442145A (en) * 1967-08-08 1969-05-06 Mesta Machine Co Oscillation drive mechanism
US3443252A (en) * 1967-07-07 1969-05-06 Automatic Switch Co Motor operated relay
US3449699A (en) * 1965-12-24 1969-06-10 Crouzet Sa Programmer for controlling switches of washing machines and the like
US3449970A (en) * 1967-07-11 1969-06-17 Us Navy Fine and coarse rotation control device
US3505624A (en) * 1968-04-18 1970-04-07 Freida B Seiden Trip relay bank
US3546965A (en) * 1967-07-12 1970-12-15 Gen Foods Corp Device for changing the timing of cam driven linkages
US3744333A (en) * 1971-05-04 1973-07-10 K Hallberg Device for connecting and disconnecting electrical or mechanical functions
US5552754A (en) * 1995-06-05 1996-09-03 Onan Corporation Catch for electrical contact utilizing electromagnetic forces
US5638948A (en) * 1995-06-05 1997-06-17 Onan Corporation Electric transfer switch having three-position toggle mechanism
US5652416A (en) * 1995-11-22 1997-07-29 Onan Corporation Mechanically held electrically or manually operated switch
US5815058A (en) * 1997-04-02 1998-09-29 Onan Corporation Contact enhancement apparatus for an electric switch

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2428569A (en) * 1943-05-07 1947-10-07 Express Lift Co Ltd Step-by-step actuator for electromagnetic switches
US2475311A (en) * 1944-12-06 1949-07-05 Ibm Adjustable cam mechanism
US2480589A (en) * 1946-06-07 1949-08-30 Gen Electric Electromechanical tap changing mechanism
US2700904A (en) * 1952-04-15 1955-02-01 James D Hough Control mechanism
US2964606A (en) * 1957-03-20 1960-12-13 Robert M Bacon Disconnect switch mechanism
US3421589A (en) * 1965-09-16 1969-01-14 Theodore Rivinius Blade mountings and controls for road graders
US3449699A (en) * 1965-12-24 1969-06-10 Crouzet Sa Programmer for controlling switches of washing machines and the like
US3443252A (en) * 1967-07-07 1969-05-06 Automatic Switch Co Motor operated relay
US3449970A (en) * 1967-07-11 1969-06-17 Us Navy Fine and coarse rotation control device
US3546965A (en) * 1967-07-12 1970-12-15 Gen Foods Corp Device for changing the timing of cam driven linkages
US3442145A (en) * 1967-08-08 1969-05-06 Mesta Machine Co Oscillation drive mechanism
US3505624A (en) * 1968-04-18 1970-04-07 Freida B Seiden Trip relay bank
US3744333A (en) * 1971-05-04 1973-07-10 K Hallberg Device for connecting and disconnecting electrical or mechanical functions
US5552754A (en) * 1995-06-05 1996-09-03 Onan Corporation Catch for electrical contact utilizing electromagnetic forces
US5638948A (en) * 1995-06-05 1997-06-17 Onan Corporation Electric transfer switch having three-position toggle mechanism
US5652416A (en) * 1995-11-22 1997-07-29 Onan Corporation Mechanically held electrically or manually operated switch
US5815058A (en) * 1997-04-02 1998-09-29 Onan Corporation Contact enhancement apparatus for an electric switch

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