US1667836A - Reed for musical wind instruments - Google Patents

Reed for musical wind instruments Download PDF

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Publication number
US1667836A
US1667836A US17547827A US1667836A US 1667836 A US1667836 A US 1667836A US 17547827 A US17547827 A US 17547827A US 1667836 A US1667836 A US 1667836A
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Prior art keywords
reed
wind instruments
grooves
musical wind
tapering
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Jr Frederick Brockman
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Jr Frederick Brockman
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/02Mouthpieces; Reeds ; Ligatures
    • G10D9/023Reeds

Description

F. BROCKMAN, JR

REED FOR MUSICAL WIND INSTRUMENTS Filed March 1927 INVENTOR F'rzderzc/zfiroc/tmanflr Patented May 1, 1928.

UNITED STATES FREDERICK BROCKMAN, JR., 0]? 'EAST YOIN'KEIRS, NEW YORK.

REED FOR MUSICAL WIND INSTRUMENTS.

Application filed March 15, 1927. Serial No. 175,478.

My invention is for a new and improved reed for musical instruments of the clarinet, or saxophone type. used consist of a thick bass portion from which extends a smoothv tapering tongue adapted to vibrate in the playingof the instrument. In my new reed, the rounded upper surface of the tapering vibratory tongue is provided with longitudinal grooves of varying depth, so that the material of the reed below the grooves is substantially uniform in thickness. This construction improves the operation of the reed by increasing its elasticity without sacrificing the required ri idity. v Y

A preierred form of my invention is shown in the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a clarinet or saxophone mouthpiece provided with my new form of reed;

.Fig. 2 is a plan view of the reed;

Fig. 3 represents a longitudinal section on line 3-3 of Fig 2; and

. Fig. 4 is an enlarged transverse section on line 44 of Fig. 2.

The reed is made of suitable material, such as wood, metal, vrubber and the like, and it consists of a rigid base portion 1 and an elastic vibratory portion or tongue 2, which gradually tapers from the base to a thin free edge 3. ,Fig, 1 shows how the reed is clamped in playing position on a mouthpiece 4. The. tapering tongue 2 is provided with a series of longitudinal grooves 5, cut substantially parallel. In the present instance I have shown four of these grooves, but the number may vary. The depth of grooges The reeds heretofore 5 is such that the material below the grooves is substantially uniform in thickness, as clearly shown at 6 in Fig. 3.

I have found by repeated tests that by cutting longitudinal grooves in the tapering tongue, the reed vibrates more freely and easily. The removal of the material to form the grooves makes the reed more elastic, while the tapering or wedge-shape ridges 7 between the grooves impart to the reed the necessary rigidity. This increased elasticity of the reed due to grooves 5 makes it easier to play the instrument, particularly on low tones. At the same time, the reed need not be scraped so very thin at the free edge 3, as is necessary in prior reeds where the tip is shaved down 'to a knife-edge. By making the edge 3 of appreciable thickpess, the reed is kept from losing its elasticity when becoming soaked with moisture in playing.

I claim as my invention:

A reed for the mouthpiece of musical wind instruments consisting of a rigid base portion and an elastic vibratory portion tapering from the base to a thin free edge, said vibratory tapering portion having a rounded upper surface provided with a series of spaced longitudinal grooves parallel with the edge of the reed and terminating close to the free edge of the reed, said longitudinal grooves being of gradually decreasing depth from said base portion to said free edge so that the material of the reed below said grooves is substantially uniform in thick ness, the flat bottom of the reed being smooth and unbroken. v

FREDERICK BROCKMAN, JR.

US1667836A 1927-03-15 1927-03-15 Reed for musical wind instruments Expired - Lifetime US1667836A (en)

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US1667836A US1667836A (en) 1927-03-15 1927-03-15 Reed for musical wind instruments

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1667836A US1667836A (en) 1927-03-15 1927-03-15 Reed for musical wind instruments

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US1667836A true US1667836A (en) 1928-05-01

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3267791A (en) * 1965-08-24 1966-08-23 Roberts Entpr Inc Reed construction
US3420132A (en) * 1966-01-18 1969-01-07 John G Backus Reeds for woodwind instruments
US4014241A (en) * 1976-02-11 1977-03-29 Gamble George W Synthetic woodwind reed
US4979420A (en) * 1990-01-22 1990-12-25 Cusack John F Stainless steel reed
US6501010B2 (en) 2000-07-10 2002-12-31 George V. Sullivan Reed and mouthpiece assembly
US20060107817A1 (en) * 2004-11-23 2006-05-25 Nieuwkamp Arent E Dot reed grading for wind instruments
US7220903B1 (en) 2005-02-28 2007-05-22 Andrew Bronen Reed mount for woodwind mouthpiece
US20120227566A1 (en) * 2011-03-10 2012-09-13 Ku Kyong Hwan Reed for a saxophone
US8586845B2 (en) 2008-03-03 2013-11-19 Philip Lee Rovner Reed warp mouthpiece system
US8841529B2 (en) 2012-11-21 2014-09-23 Philip Lee Rovner Clarinet mouthpiece and barrel system
US9570052B1 (en) 2015-08-21 2017-02-14 Shun-Hwa Chang Apparatus for enhancing sounds produced out of single-reed wind music instruments
WO2017051751A1 (en) * 2015-09-24 2017-03-30 ヤマハ株式会社 Reed for woodwind instrument
US20180102114A1 (en) * 2016-10-06 2018-04-12 Du Han KIM Reed for mouthpiece of wind instrument
US10079007B2 (en) 2015-05-20 2018-09-18 Rovner Products Incorporated Woodwind mouthpiece with V-notch table and tone chamber insert

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3267791A (en) * 1965-08-24 1966-08-23 Roberts Entpr Inc Reed construction
US3420132A (en) * 1966-01-18 1969-01-07 John G Backus Reeds for woodwind instruments
US4014241A (en) * 1976-02-11 1977-03-29 Gamble George W Synthetic woodwind reed
US4979420A (en) * 1990-01-22 1990-12-25 Cusack John F Stainless steel reed
US6501010B2 (en) 2000-07-10 2002-12-31 George V. Sullivan Reed and mouthpiece assembly
US20060107817A1 (en) * 2004-11-23 2006-05-25 Nieuwkamp Arent E Dot reed grading for wind instruments
US7268282B2 (en) 2004-11-23 2007-09-11 Nieuwkamp Arent E Dot reed grading for wind instruments
US7220903B1 (en) 2005-02-28 2007-05-22 Andrew Bronen Reed mount for woodwind mouthpiece
US8586845B2 (en) 2008-03-03 2013-11-19 Philip Lee Rovner Reed warp mouthpiece system
US8766072B2 (en) * 2011-03-10 2014-07-01 Kyong Hwan KU Reed for a saxophone
US20120227566A1 (en) * 2011-03-10 2012-09-13 Ku Kyong Hwan Reed for a saxophone
JP2012190020A (en) * 2011-03-10 2012-10-04 Kyong-Hwang Ku Reed for saxophone
US8841529B2 (en) 2012-11-21 2014-09-23 Philip Lee Rovner Clarinet mouthpiece and barrel system
US10079007B2 (en) 2015-05-20 2018-09-18 Rovner Products Incorporated Woodwind mouthpiece with V-notch table and tone chamber insert
US9570052B1 (en) 2015-08-21 2017-02-14 Shun-Hwa Chang Apparatus for enhancing sounds produced out of single-reed wind music instruments
EP3133593A1 (en) * 2015-08-21 2017-02-22 Shun-Hwa Chang Apparatus for enhancing sounds produced out of single-reed wind music instruments
WO2017051751A1 (en) * 2015-09-24 2017-03-30 ヤマハ株式会社 Reed for woodwind instrument
US20180102114A1 (en) * 2016-10-06 2018-04-12 Du Han KIM Reed for mouthpiece of wind instrument
US10013959B2 (en) * 2016-10-06 2018-07-03 Sung Tack LIM Reed for mouthpiece of wind instrument

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