US164360A - Improvement in carbureters - Google Patents

Improvement in carbureters Download PDF

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US164360A
US164360A US164360DA US164360A US 164360 A US164360 A US 164360A US 164360D A US164360D A US 164360DA US 164360 A US164360 A US 164360A
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Prior art keywords
chamber
pipe
valve
gasoline
carbureter
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling

Description

2 Sheets--Sheet1- l. H. BEA N.
\ Carburet'er. No, 164,360, Patentedlunel5,1875.
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THE GRAPHIC C0,P HDTO LITH.39&4I PARK PLACE,N.Y.
y" zsheetS--sheetz l. H. BEAN.
Carbureter. No. 164,360. PatenredJunew'navs.
W7 f@ f' y M47 y, j! f/@ THE GRAPHIC C0.PHOT0LITH.39&4I PARK PLAGLNY.
UNITED STATES -ATENT GEEIoE.
JOSEPH H. BEAN, OF CINCINNATI, OHIO.
IMPROVEMENT IN CARBURETERS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 164,360, dated June 15, 1875 application iiled April 27, 1875.
To all whom t may concern Be it known that I, JOSEPH H. BEAN, of Cincinnati, in the county otl Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented new and useful Improvements in Carbureters; and I do hereby declare that the following' is a full and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon.
This invention consists, mainly, in the combination, with an independent reservoir and carbureting-chamber, ot' an independent valvechamber, having automatic mechanism for controlling thegiiow of liquid from the reser- Voir to the carbureting-chamber. It consists, further, in the combination, with the carbureter, of a condensationchamber, and in certain details of construction, all of which will be fully described hereinafter.
In the drawings, Figure l represents a perspective view ot' my improved apparatus, with portions broken away to show the interior,
Fig. 2, a view, in elevation, of the regulating valve and actuating-float; Fig. 3, a side elevation, mainly in section, of the entire apparatus; Fig. 4, an end elevation of the same; and Fig. 5, a detail view of the valve.
To enable others skilled in the art to make my improved apparatus, and properly use the same, I will now proceed to describe its construction and operation.
A represents the carburetingchamber, constructed ot' any suitable material and proper size, but preferably incased in a strong wooden box. a a represent shelves, a series of which is employed in the carbureting-chamber, as shown, the members of which are located one above the other, and alternately attached at their ends to the case, in the usual well-known manner, for the purpose of forming a continuous air-passage over the shelves, as indicated by the arrows, Fig. 3. a1 represents a deflectin g or division plate, extending across the carbureter in front of the discharge-opening of the pipe a3, supplying the air or gas to be carbureted, by means ot' which an airchamber is formed, in which the entering air is caused to spread over and come in contact with the entire surface of the gasoline in the bottom of the chamber. c2 a2 represent suitable masses of sponge placed upon the shelves, for the purpose of absorbing the gasoline, and bringing it into intimate contact with the stream of air passing' through the chamber. a3 represents the pipe through which the air or'gas tobe carbureted is supplied to the chamber. a4 represents a draw-o'i'cock, by means of which any excess of gasoline is removed. a5 represents the exit-pipe for the carbureted gas. B represents the reservoir holding the gasoline, which is provided with the supplyopening b and discharge-pipe b1, Fig. 3, having the stopcock b2, as shown. It' desired, it may be provided, also, with a glass gage, or other suitable means, for indicating the height of its contents or the presence of gasoline. This reservoir is a distinct and independent vessel, which may be readily removed from the premises for the purpose of filling. rlhe size and materia-l are not important; but it is preferred to incase the same in a heavy wooden box, properly secured by lock and key. C represents a filtering-chamber, located outside ot' the carbureter. c represents a supply-pipe, having cock c1, which is removably connected by the unionjoint c2 to the discharge-pipe b1 ot' the reservoir B, as shown. c3, Fig. 4, represents a discharge-opening, through which the gasoline passes into the valve-chamber. Any suitable filtering material may be employed; but wool or sponge is preferred. D represents the valve chamber, divided by means of a diaphragm or partition, d, into an upper and lower part. d1 represents a valve, rest-ing in a suitable opening or seat in the dividing-diaphragm, which is adapted, when properly operated, to open and close the communication between the upper and lower divisions, as shown. d2 represents a guide, by means of which the valve is enabled, when operated, to move accurately in a vertical plane. d3 represents a screw-cap, covering a suitable opening in the top plate of the valve-chamber, through which the valve may be reached, if it should require attention. d4 represents a discharge-opening, through which the gasoline passes from the lower division in the valvechamber onto the upper shelf in the carbureting-chamber. E represents a float-chamber,
provided with an opening, c, Fig. 4, through which gasoline is received from the carbureting-chamber. F, Fig. 2, represents a iioat,
united by the rod f to one end of the pivoted bar or lever f', the other end of which is attached to the valve-rod, as shown. G represents a condensation-chamber, into which the carbureted air is delivered from the carbureting-chamber by means of the pipe a5. g represents the exit-pipe, through which the gas is drawn off for use, which pipe is not arranged in line over the pipe a5, but in a different vertical plane, so that the water of condensation is permitted to fall into the chamber. -g represents a draw-oft' cock, by means of which the water may be removed from the chamber.
The operation is as follows: The reservoir having been properly tted and connected to the pipe of the filtering-chamber, the cocks between the two are opened. The-gasoline from the reservoir, then, iiowing into the lteringchamber, and through the filtering material into the upper division ot' the valve-chamber, passes through the valve-opening int-o the lower division of the chamber, land fiows successively over the shelves, saturatin g the Sponges held thereon, and, finally, passing out into the oat-chamber, raises the tioat and shuts oft' the supply. The air or gas to be carbureted enters the apparatus through the pipe a3, and, spreading over the lower chamber and successively over the shelves, becomes thoroughly carbureted by contact with the saturated sponge, and passes out through the pipe a5 into the condensation chamber G, from whence it is drawn oft' for use through the pipe g.
Some of the advantages of the described construction are as follows: The reservoir is removable, in order that it may be readily taken away and lled, thus making it unnecessary to open it at any time upon the premises. The valve and float chambers are located outside and independent of the carbureter, so that they may be readily reached, if requiring attention. The employment of the air-chamber in the carbureter is advantageous, because by means of it the incoming air is spread over the lower surface, in close proximity to the bottom ot' the chamber, and consequently the gasoline settling in this place may be entirely absorbed. By means ot the condensationchamber the water is collected and drawn off.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
l. The condensationchamber G, having the draw-0E cock g', in combination with the supply-pipe a5 and delivery-pipe g, whereby the waters of condensation from the service-pipe are caught and prevented from entering into the carbureter and float-chamber, as described.
2. The combination of the reservoir B, having pipe b1, with the ltering-chamber C, having pipe c and the union 02, as described.
3. The combination, with the valve-chamber, of the filtering-chamber, as described.
4. In combination with the carbureter described, the float-chamber E and filter-chamber C, placed on the outside of the carbureter proper, and connected therewith by suitable openings, as shown.
This specification signed and witnessed this 19th day of April, 1875.
JOSEPH H. BEAN.
Witnesses:
WM. H. SKERRETT, J. H. MARTIN.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020185426A1 (en) * 2001-04-26 2002-12-12 Bealer Leroy J. Environmental flexible remediation system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020185426A1 (en) * 2001-04-26 2002-12-12 Bealer Leroy J. Environmental flexible remediation system

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