US1637692A - Helmet - Google Patents

Helmet Download PDF

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Publication number
US1637692A
US1637692A US116810A US11681026A US1637692A US 1637692 A US1637692 A US 1637692A US 116810 A US116810 A US 116810A US 11681026 A US11681026 A US 11681026A US 1637692 A US1637692 A US 1637692A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
guard
helmet
head
ear
leather
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US116810A
Inventor
Fitzpatrick Keene
Robert T Mullins
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
AG Spalding & Bros
Spalding & Bros AG
Original Assignee
Spalding & Bros AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Spalding & Bros AG filed Critical Spalding & Bros AG
Priority to US116810A priority Critical patent/US1637692A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1637692A publication Critical patent/US1637692A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers ; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/18Face protection devices
    • A42B3/20Face guards, e.g. for ice hockey
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers ; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/06Impact-absorbing shells, e.g. of crash helmets

Description

17927 K. FITZPATRICK ET AL HELMET Filed June 18 1926 a M A 26276 7? ggngbfumkdi awl o I 2 g 1927 K. FITZPATRICK ET AL HELMET 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed June 18. 1926 gave/view:
Keene Fkkpm, Zfiqer If Wm/ Patented Aug. 2, 1927.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
KEENE FITZPAIRICK, F PRINCETON, NEW JERSEY, AND ROBERT '.I.. MULLINS, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK; SAID FITZPA'IRICK ASSIGNOR T0 HENRY RIDGEWAY HART, AND SAID MULLINS ASSIGNOR TO A. G. SPALDING & 3368., OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION 01 NEW JERSEY.
HELMET.
Application filed June 18, 1926. Serial No. 116,810.
This invention relates to head protective devices. More particularly the invention relates to helmets for use in games, such as football, and has for its object a helmet 5 which shall afford a degree of protection to the wearer greater than usual in a structure having certain advantageous features from the standpoint of ease and comfort without diminishing to any extent the protection af- 1 forded. In accordance with the invention there is associated with a helmet a non-pli-' able protective enclosure for the major portion of the wearers head and face which is ordinarily exposed with present day athletic helmets. More specifically there is provid ed a unitary stifi' leather guard of generally cylindrical form affording protection tothe wearers face above the mouth, ears and the back of the head down. to the nape of the neck which is permanently secured to a helmet of conventional lines with provision for a degree of relative movement therebetween and displacement of the guard under conditions of rough usage is revented by means such as elastic straps, a out the throat andneck. In order that the invention may be clearly understood and readily carried into efl'ect the same will now be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings illustrating a preferred embodiment thereof, in which:
Figure 1 is a view in elevation showing the helmet looking from the front and illustrating the manner of forming the face and ear guard portions. Figure 2 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view taken in the median plane of the helmet and showing details of construction.
Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view taken 4 in the plane indicated by the line 3-3 in Figure 2, looking in the direction of the arrows and showin a novel re-enforcing element of pressed bre for the ear piece.
Figure 4 is a horizontal sectional view taken in the plane indicated by the line 44 in Figure 2 and showing the fibre ear reenforcing element which is pressed to' a shape complementary to the shape of the ear.
Figure 5 is a view showing the fibre ear re-enforcement in perspective.
Referring to the drawings a heavy stiilleather top a which may take any convenient form is illustrated as protecting the head above the ears. This is conveniently formed in quarters a secured together in nonyieldirig relation by means of stiff stra a Inwardly the cap piece a may be one ioned with a layer of felt b or the equivalent and, if desired, may be re-enforced with a papier-mach or other fibre re-enforcement c. The interior is ventilated by apertures.
a In order to cushion the head still further from blows upon the head guard it is proposed to support the helmet from the top of the head by means of a pliable cap d formed inthe present instance of a plurality of fabric straps d secured at their lower and the leather guard. So much of the helmet is substantially well known and it has also been proposed to associate with such helmet stiff leather ear guards. The present invention goes a step \further, however, and provides a rigid ,protecting device which guards .both the face and nose and the back of the headas well as the ears in a structure which is so formed asto resist shocks applied thereto. To this end a substantially cylindrical stifl leather guard e is secured to the cap a by means of straps or hinge elements f whereby a slight degree of flexibility is permitted in the joint between the two. The lowerends or, of the overlapping portions (1 may be availed of as these straps hinges to which the guard a may be secured so as to leave a slight space 9 in the interest of flexibility of the joint. To facilitate manufacture the side pieces 6 are secured together at the central median line at the back of the head and forwardly are joined to a formed leather nose guard e and to the frontal piece 0 toform the face covering portions. The nose guard section e and the side pieces e are cut away to provide eye apertures 71. as shown. The side pieces .6 may also be deflected outwardly as at e to space still further the stiff leather A provided with an opening (2 through which sounds may reach the ear and ventilating ports e. Inwardly the guard may be lined with a facing of felt z or the like.
Under some conditions the material of which the guard is composed will be found suflicient to resist and cushion blows upon the outside, particularly in view of the gen-- erally cylindrical form of the guard. In some situations, however, it will be found advisable to re-enforce the guard at critical points with a strengthening element as i1- lustrated in the preferred embodiment of the invention. Accordingly a pressed fibre form j is disposed within'the side portions 6' to re-enforce that part around each ear as indicated in dotted lines and the front end thereof is brought forward to strengthen.
the face portion and terminates at approximately the line indicated at j. This re-enforcing element possesses certain novel characteristics which render it peculiarly applicable in any ear protectivedeyice. It is pressed to conform to the shape of the ear as will be apparent from an inspection of Figures 3 to 5. That is it is most deeply depressed or indented rearwardly as at j", since that portion of the ear is always farthest spaced from the head. The nose guard is similarly re-enforced preferably by means of an aluminium re-enforcement k which extends rearwardly over the cheeks to approximately the point indicated by the dotted line is. The end of the side shield j and the nose re-enforcement is thus do not overlap. They are sufliciently proximate to lend the desired degree of rigidity to resist blows but at the same time afford a slight degree of flexibility in the interest of convenience and comfort. The re-enforcements lie within the lining as shown.
It is particularly desirable, of course, to
\ cushion or protect the forehead from blows.
The present helmet lends itself particularly to this feature and to this end additional padding i may be disposed above the eye apertures h and maintained in position by a leather covering Z.
In order to prevent displacement of the helmet as a whole, particularly at times of rough usage an elastic strap m is'provided 7 and/or suitable cushioning at salient points.
By its articulated joint and by the securing 05 means it is securely held in position on the head of the wearer without discomfort.
Various modifications may be made in the composition and configuration of the com ponent elements going to make up the pro-7 tective devices as a whole without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention and no limitaton 'is intended by the phraseologyof the preceding. description or accompanying illustrations except as indicated in the appended claims.
lVhat we claim is:
1. In a protective device, the combination with a head guard, of a protector for the face, ears and back of the head comprisso ing a relatively stiff outer covering of leather, a metallic re-enforeement for the nose portion, fibrous re-enforcementsfor the cheek bone. and ear portions and an inner layer of felt padding.
2. In a protective device, the combination with a head guard, of a protector for the face, ears and back of the head comprising a relatively still outer covering of leather,
a metallic re-enforcement for the nose pore tion, fibrous re-enforcements for the -clieek bone and ear portions, an inner layer of 'felt padding, means to connect the protector to the guard with provision for limited relative movement, and yielding straps connected with the protector to engage the throat and nape of the neck of the wearer.
This specification signed this 5th day of May, A. D. 1926. Q
KEENE Fl'lzPATRICK. ROBERT T. MULLINS.
US116810A 1926-06-18 1926-06-18 Helmet Expired - Lifetime US1637692A (en)

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US116810A US1637692A (en) 1926-06-18 1926-06-18 Helmet

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US116810A US1637692A (en) 1926-06-18 1926-06-18 Helmet

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US1637692A true US1637692A (en) 1927-08-02

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2535434A (en) * 1949-12-29 1950-12-26 Michael T Marietta Plastic football player's mask
US3897597A (en) * 1972-05-31 1975-08-05 Dale R Kasper Face and head protector
US4821345A (en) * 1987-10-29 1989-04-18 Danmar Products, Inc. Athletic ear guard assembly
US20030159199A1 (en) * 2002-02-28 2003-08-28 Lester Broersma Swiveling sound-gathering ear guard for masks and helmets
US20040154080A1 (en) * 2003-02-05 2004-08-12 Michael Abelman Protective headgear
US10136692B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2018-11-27 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet
USD838922S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-01-22 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD844255S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2019-03-26 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
US10271605B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2019-04-30 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
USD856601S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-08-13 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2535434A (en) * 1949-12-29 1950-12-26 Michael T Marietta Plastic football player's mask
US3897597A (en) * 1972-05-31 1975-08-05 Dale R Kasper Face and head protector
US4821345A (en) * 1987-10-29 1989-04-18 Danmar Products, Inc. Athletic ear guard assembly
US20030159199A1 (en) * 2002-02-28 2003-08-28 Lester Broersma Swiveling sound-gathering ear guard for masks and helmets
US6874169B2 (en) * 2002-02-28 2005-04-05 Jt Usa, Llc Swiveling sound-gathering ear guard for masks and helmets
US10932514B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2021-03-02 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US10136692B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2018-11-27 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet
US10143257B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2018-12-04 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US6986168B2 (en) * 2003-02-05 2006-01-17 Macho Products, Inc. Protective headgear
US20040154080A1 (en) * 2003-02-05 2004-08-12 Michael Abelman Protective headgear
US10271605B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2019-04-30 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US10561193B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2020-02-18 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
USD856600S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-08-13 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD856601S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-08-13 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD838922S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-01-22 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD844255S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2019-03-26 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD927078S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2021-08-03 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet

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