US1636458A - Container - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1636458A
US1636458A US612771A US61277123A US1636458A US 1636458 A US1636458 A US 1636458A US 612771 A US612771 A US 612771A US 61277123 A US61277123 A US 61277123A US 1636458 A US1636458 A US 1636458A
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United States
Prior art keywords
box
cleats
walls
meeting
extended
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Expired - Lifetime
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US612771A
Inventor
Frank P Cheney
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Frank P Cheney
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Priority to US612771A priority Critical patent/US1636458A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D9/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of wood or substitutes therefor
    • B65D9/32Details of wooden walls; Connections between walls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D9/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of wood or substitutes therefor
    • B65D9/32Details of wooden walls; Connections between walls
    • B65D9/34Joints; Local reinforcements
    • B65D9/38Metal bands or strips

Description

y 1927' F. P. CHENEY CONTAINER Filed 192:5 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Patented July 19, 1927.
UNITED s'rarlzs mi: P. cnimn'z, or town, nassAcnUsn-r'rs.
oomnm Application filledv January 15,183.. Dahlia. 812,771.
My invention has relation in general to containers, and in particular to packingboxes such as are used to contain and protect merchandise during transportation. Theinvention is applicable in the case of containers having at the angles formed by meeting walls thereof the margin of one wall extended beyondthe plane of the meeting wall, with cleats. applied. to the said walls at opposite surfaces of the extended margin to receive the fastening nails or rivets. This part of theinvention provides for theconvenient and effective combination of oneor more encircling reinforcing bands with a container of such type M I An illustrative embodiment of my invenltionis shown in the accompanyingdrawings,
in which,-- i
. Fig.1 is an isometric view of a packingbox embodying my invention, with a portion ggiwken away so as to show construction more Fig. 2 isaview in vertical section showing the boxbod y, cover, andside-cleats of the cover,- in relative positions indicating how they are assembled together. l
(Fig?) is a View on an. enlarged scale in vertical section online 3 -3 ofFig. 1.
, Fig. 4 is a view, also onan enlarged scale, in section on line 4 4,,l*-ig. 1, looking downward.
,Fig. 5 is an isometric view of the top or cover of thelbox that is shown in Fig. 1, and its side cleats, showing the said cleatsapart fromv the top or coverbut in relative positions indicating their application to the top or cover. 3, w Fig. 67s an isometric view of a top or cover modified in the respect thatit has slots instead of notches, as in the preceding view, tore'ceive the encircling bands.
Figs. 7 and 8 are isometric and side views, respectively, showing on an enlarged scale the meeting ends of a band and the means of fastenin such ends together.
' The drawin s show the invention embodied in a pac lring-box of oblong rectangular shape having the usual walls comprising a a to or cover 1, a bottom 2, sides3, 3, and
hea sor ends4:, l.x
The said packing-box is of the eneral construction referred V to earlier erein, namely having at the angles formed. meeting walls'thereof, and as shown in i s. 1,
55 2, 3 and 4, the margin of one such w extended beyond the plane of the meeting wall bottom margins of a v The invention is represented, embodied in the construction of packing-boxes and as in the case of marginal portions 11 and 31 in Figs. 3 and 4; also, with cleats, as 13, 33, in 3, and 32, 42, in Fig.v 4, attached by means ofnails or rivets 5, 5, to the respective vwalls at opposite surfaces of the ex tended margin; and also with the nails 6, .6, which fasten the parts together, driven through one of the said cleats and the interposed wall-margin and into the other cleat. Figs. 1 and 2 show the respective margins of the top 1 and those of the bottom 2 extended, beyond the planes of the corresponding vertical walls 3,3, and. 4, 4, and show the respective end-margins'of the sides 3, 3,
extended beyond the planes of; the "heads or ends 14,, 4. 12, 12, are the cleats that are applied to the end-marginsof top 1, and 13,13,
a-re the cleats that are applied to the side' margins thereof. 22, 22,9.1'2 the cleats of the ends or the bottom 2, and 23, 23, are the- -cleats of the side-margins thereof, 32, .32,
are the vertical end-cleats of the respective sides 3, 3, and 33,33, are the cleats WhlCh ex-N tend horizontally along the top. and bottom margins of the said sides. 42, 42, are the cleats which extend vertically at the lateral margins of ahead or end 4, and. 43, 43, "are the cleats that are applied to the top and end or end. i i
other likecontainers that are made of boards,
having'applied thereto, tor the purpose of reinforcing .or'stren thenin and stiffening the box-walls, obviatin liability to splitting orbrezking, and in a ditionv enabling thinnor material to be employed for the sides than otherwise would be safe and advisable an adherent coating of web material, as 20,
herein shown as constituting a lining. The
said web material may be applied to one or a" both sides of the boards or shocks, preferably before they are assembled orcombined in box formation. Such Web material, which may be either cloth or paper, is glued or otherwise caused to adhere tothe boards or shocks, be'in pressed into intimate contact therewith. -h have fourllld that a layer of strong tong per sue as; that knownQto the trade as v in all cases where abnormal strength is not required of the packing-box. When this adherent layer of web material is applied to the boards or shocks, very thin and 1i ht and inexpensive wood stock can be emp oyed satisfactorily to make a strong, lightinexpensive raft paper, is satisfactory packing-box. If only one side of the boards or shooks is coated, it usually is preferred that this be the inner side thereof, as in the drawings. It also is preferred that the coating of web material applied to the inner side of the boards or shooks should extend into the joints, as indicated in Figs. 3 and 1. This adherent layer 20 of web material adds very considerably to the strength of the boards or shocks in resisting forces from without or Within the box ten-ding to break or split the boards or shooks, and also materially stifiens them, increasing theirresistance to the bulging pressure of the contents of the box. It also helps to protect the contents of the box from injury by the jagged ends of a board broken in handling or in shipment, as it tends to prevent the said broken ends diverging inward from the plane of the boxwall. It renders the walls of the box moisture-tight, and when it extenos into the joints, as in Figs. 3 and t, it also serves in very useful manner as a packing for the joints to keep out-water, dirt,'1noisture, and other substances injurious to the contents of the box. The layer 20 of web material also serves to protect the contents of the box from damage due to chafing against the interior surface of the wood composing the boards or shooks.
Referring now to the second part of the invention, namely to the provisions for applying reinforcing bands or straps 50, 50, Figs. 1 and 2, to a packing-box of the construction described. It is. an aim of this part of the invention to avoid the application of such reinforcing'bands or straps externally of the cleats and of laterallyextended marginal portions of the box-walls, such for instance as the marginal portions 11 and 21 of the box-top 1 and box-bottom 2." This part of the invention enables these bands or straps to be used in connection with abox of the kind described, in such relations as to lie close to the surfaces of thetop, sides, and bottom of the box, at and .adjacent the various angles of the box-body. This part of the invention is applicable to containers of the illustrated type of construction,whether made of boards or of other material."
In accordance with this part of the invention, I cause the bandsor straps 50, 50, to intervene between the cleats and the surfaces of the box-walls to which the bands or straps are applied. This isillustrated in Figs. 1, 2 and 3. In addition, I form in the extended marginal portions, as 11 and 2 1, of the boxwalls, projecting'beyond the'planes of the meeting walls, notches 60, 60, Figs. '1, 2, 3 and 5, or slots 61, 61, Fig. 6 to accommodate the bands or straps at the lower and upper angles at opposite sides of the box. These two features enable the bandsor straps to fit snugly and flatly againstthe'said angles as indicated in the case of the'lower angles in Fig. 2. Preferably, also, in order to avoid spacing the longitudinal cleats 13, 33, 23, away from the corresponding box-walls, I groove the inner sides of such cleats, as at 61, 61, Figs. 1, 2, 3, 5, to accommodate those portions of the bands or straps which lie between the cleats and the box-walls.
Convenient procedure in assembling the box is to leave the side-cleats 23, 23, unattached to the box-bottom 2 and the sidecleats 13, 13, unattached to the box-top 1. Then extend the bands or straps 50, 50, across the box-bottom, and pass the opposite end-portions thereof upward within the notches ($0 or slots 61 in the extended marginal portions of the box-bottom, and also up between the side-cleats 33, 33, and the side-walls 3, 3, extending them beyond the tops of the upper cleats as in Fig. 2. Then, after filling the box with the intended contents, apply the cover 1, enter the said endportions within the notches 60 or slots 61 in the extended marginal portions of the box-top, and'bend them inward toward each other. Then apply the side-cleats 13, 13, to the box-top, and fasten together the two end-portions of each band or strap.
r The meeting ends of a band or strap may be fastened together in any approved manner. A convenientfastening device is illustrated at 25, Figs. 1, 7 and 8, it consisting of a piece of stifi sheet metal which is bent into shape to extend around and enclose the overlapping meeting ends, and is compressed tightly thereon, in addition to being crimped as at 250, 250, Figs. 5 and 6, thereby bending the said overlapping meeting ends so as to hold them securely against endwise relative movement and thus preventing the band from loosening. If deemed desirable, a shipper may place his ownseal or identifying mark upon the fastening 25 so as to ensure disclosure of any unauthorized opening of the box while in storage or being shipped from one place to another.
l/Vhat is claimed as the invention is 1. A container having at one or more of the angles formed by meetin wallsthereof the margin of one wall exten ed beyond the plane of the meeting wall, cleats applied to the said Walls at opposite surfaces of the extended margin, and a reinforcing band encircling the box underneath the said cleats,
with a notch or slot in the extended margin to let said band he closely along the surface of the said meeting wall at and adjacent the angle.
2. container having at one or more of the angles formed by meeting walls thereof the margin of one wall extended beyond the plane of the meeting wall, cleats applied to the said walls at opposite surfaces of the extended margin, and a reinforcing band encircling the box underneath the with a notch or slot in the extended margin said cleats,
to let said band lie closely along the surface of the said meeting wall at and adjacent the angle, and with said cleats grooved 'or notched at their inner surfaces to afford clearance for the portions of said band 7 which they overlie.
3. A container having at its angles formed by meeting walls thereof the material of one wall extended beyond the plane of the meeting wall, cleats applied to the said walls at opposite surfaces of the extended margin, a reinforcin band encirclin the box underneath the sai cleats, the sai extended margin havin a notch which permits said band to lie 0 osely along the sur- 15 face of the meeting wall, and a strengthening and reinforcing surfacing layer of web material adherent to the inner surfaces of the walls and extending into the joints to form a packing or seal therefor.
FRANK P. CHENEY.
US612771A 1923-01-15 1923-01-15 Container Expired - Lifetime US1636458A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2628737A (en) * 1948-07-03 1953-02-17 Adolph J Zeni Adjustable packing case and the like
US3796340A (en) * 1971-08-06 1974-03-12 Aluminum Co Of America Shipping rack
US5293990A (en) * 1993-02-26 1994-03-15 Masakayan Jose P S Box protection apparatus
US20100039005A1 (en) * 2008-08-15 2010-02-18 Pacific Container Network, Inc. Wall panel affixing arrangement for portable work and storage container

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2628737A (en) * 1948-07-03 1953-02-17 Adolph J Zeni Adjustable packing case and the like
US3796340A (en) * 1971-08-06 1974-03-12 Aluminum Co Of America Shipping rack
US5293990A (en) * 1993-02-26 1994-03-15 Masakayan Jose P S Box protection apparatus
US20100039005A1 (en) * 2008-08-15 2010-02-18 Pacific Container Network, Inc. Wall panel affixing arrangement for portable work and storage container
US8074820B2 (en) * 2008-08-15 2011-12-13 Terry Chu Wall panel affixing arrangement for portable work and storage container

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