US1620828A - High-frequency vesical electrode - Google Patents

High-frequency vesical electrode Download PDF

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Publication number
US1620828A
US1620828A US79366A US7936626A US1620828A US 1620828 A US1620828 A US 1620828A US 79366 A US79366 A US 79366A US 7936626 A US7936626 A US 7936626A US 1620828 A US1620828 A US 1620828A
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United States
Prior art keywords
rod
electrode
vesical
sheath
tip
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Expired - Lifetime
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US79366A
Inventor
Molony Martin
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Molony Martin
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Priority to US79366A priority Critical patent/US1620828A/en
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Publication of US1620828A publication Critical patent/US1620828A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by passing a current through the tissue to be heated, e.g. high-frequency current
    • A61B18/14Probes or electrodes therefor
    • A61B18/1485Probes or electrodes therefor having a short rigid shaft for accessing the inner body through natural openings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/28Surgical forceps
    • A61B17/29Forceps for use in minimally invasive surgery
    • A61B2017/2926Details of heads or jaws
    • A61B2017/2927Details of heads or jaws the angular position of the head being adjustable with respect to the shaft

Description

March 1 5 1927.

M. MOL ONY HIGH FREQUENCY VESICAL ELECTRODE Filed Jan. 2. 1926 QSheets-Sheet 1 M rch 15 1927.

a Y M. MOLONY HIGH FREQUENCY VESICAL ELECTRODE 4 Filed Jan. 2. 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 unliiglllfi;

.5 R N m Patented Mar. 15, 19 27.

L a eei-raearancxvasrcaa massacre- Applica an filed Ja ary 2,. 19 r a1 .N 7 ,36

V This invention-relates to surgical instru- Inents and particularly to that class known as 'l iigh-frequency vesical' electrodes. An ob- 1 a n tural opening.

ject of the invention to provide a simple compact device in catheter form to be inserte'd into an in e n l body cavi y ug A furth r jec i to provide the electrode withan adjustable beak or tipfand positive though simple means .under control of $113,,QPQIQJQOI' 'to' manipulate the same, Fur her objects are to provide an instrum t of this .class which, will not only beeife t e y insulated e tr cally u h ch atthe same time is readily cleansed-an made sterile; and yet. which while of light weight is not subject to deteriqr ltion and chemical decomp sition; I

The high frequency .electrodeof this inren on is intended to he used pr marily n combination with a cystoscope introduced through .a supra. pubic cystotomy opening, the latter "for the purposeof observing and directing the action of the electrode during diathenmie fulgnration, The electrode of this in ntion is us d anset r y for thesurgical treatment of obstructions and def rarities atthe neck of thebladder, and for growthsrin its interior, In the drawi s c Fig, 1 shows t e m nn r o sing he i1 .strurlnent for removing a growth at the vesial orifice.

. Z'i a "destroy ng in rar si a gro 3 isfa iew of the complete instru- ,.me V

Fig. 4 is a sectional-"view of the sheath,

Fig. 5 is a View of the electrode parts with the-sheath removed and the headzand' handle portions in section. i

Fig, G-is a detailedview of the head. showing the manner of adjustment,

Fig. 7 is an enlarged detailed view'showing the construction at the tip or beak, and

Fig. 8 is .asecond detailed View of the tip."

In the embodiment of my invention shown in the drawings A is a cylindrical tube of insulating material preferably vbakelite or similarphenol condensation product. Tl1lS tube or sheath is of an external diameter approximating the minimum average internal surgical diameter of the duct in which it is to be inserted, for example the urethra.

" r (and of a length between distal end a-nd head "B equal to the maximumlength of the parts in which it is to be inserted. The head B detail showing the instrument isformed. of the same material as the sheath,

A, as is also the tubular: extension C.) These parts are all securely and rigidly secured together as by moulding o'r'otherwise seas to form; an integral whole.

The electrode proper comp-ri' tip I. screwed to a metal member 2.' The part 2 is pivotally connected to each of twlo longt'hhi metal, rods Sand .4. Of the rods 3 and 4c, theone designated 3 isseeurely and rigidly held in ahead D of hakelite or similar insu'lating materialuwhil'e the other rod 4 passes freely through D and is] in its turn secured rigidly to terminal E. Terminal E is also of bakelite or similar substance. The Part C on head B fits into the axially arranged socket Son head 1). Thepivot Poin 5, bf 2 i memb 2' ss1 ght r advance of the" pivot. point 6 of rodfl' in member 2. Thelouter' ends of the rodS 3 ands are flattened and are accommodated in a. slot 7 in member 2. v

By means of the construction 'first d'escrib ed the tip or beak of the, electrode is in axial position when the parts D E are slightly separated, but on member E'be ing mo edYtoward'D the rod 4 will also, be

moved axially and will cause the beak 1' to rotate about the relativel'ystationary point tive moyement. of parts I) and the" memiotr-action F. which fitsintoa second'axially arranged socket S in head D; The: bjeak'or ses a metal To assure smooth operation in the rcla-k 7 tip is fixed and limited inits various 'angular positions by means of a :{set screw '10 screwed, through terminal E and bearing at its end: against the head D. pin'll extending from head D on one side thereof cooperatingwith a, holein head B-preverrts relativerotationof these Darts, whilea similar pin 12 on the other side of D cooperating with a hole in E likewise performs this function for these two parts.

The radially arranged connector for leading the high frequency current'is shown at 20 and consists of an insulating cylinder of Fbakelite or similar material inserted in head E. spring split-clip arrangement 21 connected to rod 4; so'that as one side of the source 'of'high frequency current is connected to clin 21 the current will be also connected to the electrode tip 1.

In Fig. 1 there is shown a manner of using WVithin this cylinder isa metal V the instrument for fulguration of obstruc tions at the vesical orifice. Here V is the cystoscope inserted through the supra-pubic cystotomy opening. By inserting the cystoscope through the sinus as shown, the action of the electrode can bedefinitely and accurately observed and directed.

The active electrode is connected to one side of a high frequency source of current as indicated at M and the other side of the source is connected'to the indifferent electrode N bearing against the back of the patient. What I claim is; 1. A vesical electrode for high frequency current comprising the combination of a fixed rod, a secondrod movable relative thereto, a terminalbeak pi'votally attached to both of said rods, and means for moving the one rod relative to the other to angularly swing said beakf 2. A vesical electrode for high frequency current comprising the combination of a v I fixcdrod, a second rod axially movable relative thereto, a terminal beak pivotally attached to both of said rods, and means for moving the one rod relative to the other to an ularlyswing said beak.

vesical electrode for high frequency current comprising the combination of a' sheath, a rod in the sheath and fixed therein, a cautery tip mounted on the rod, a sec ond rod in the sheath movable relatively to the first rod and attached to the tip, and means for moving the second rod.

' 4. A vesical electrode for high frequency current comprising the combination of a fixed rod, a second rod movable relative thereto, a terminal'beak pivotally attached to both of said rods, means for moving the one rod relative to the other to'angularly swing said beak, and means to fix the beak in angular position.

a 5. A vesical electrode for high frequency current comprising the combination of a sheath, a rod in the sheath and fixed there in, a cautery tip swingably mounted on the rod, a second rod in the sheath movable relatively to the first rod and attached to the tip, and means for moving the second rod.

6. A vesical electrode for high frequency current comprising the combination of a sheath, a rod in the sheath and fixed therein, a cautery tip swingably mounted on the rod, a second rod in the sheath movable current, comprising an elongated sheath of V insulating material, a metallic rod in the sheath and fixedtherein, a cautery tip pivotally connected on the rod, a second rod in the sheath movable relatively to the first rod and pivotally connected to the tip', means for moving the second rod, and means for connecting a source of high frequency current to the first rod.

' 10. A vesical electrode forhigh frequency current; comprising an elongated sheath of insulating material; a metallic rod in the sheath and fixed therein; a smooth, tapered,

blunt-nosed, metallic, cylindrical, cautery tip swingably connected at one side, of its rear end to the rod; a longitudinally movable second rod in the sheath having a piv- .otal connection with said tip at the rear swingable connection; means for moving said second rod; means for fixing the'lon gitudinal movement of the second rod relative tothe first rod and so the angular position of the tip; and means for connecting a source of high frequency current to the first rod. Q 7

' In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.

end thereof laterally at a distance from the MARTIN MOLONY,

US79366A 1926-01-02 1926-01-02 High-frequency vesical electrode Expired - Lifetime US1620828A (en)

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US79366A US1620828A (en) 1926-01-02 1926-01-02 High-frequency vesical electrode

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3144020A (en) * 1960-08-09 1964-08-11 Frank G Zingale Resectoscope sheath
US4085756A (en) * 1975-07-09 1978-04-25 Kenneth Weaver Method and apparatus for performing an electrosurgical procedure
US4945895A (en) * 1989-03-20 1990-08-07 Vance Products Incorporated Remote fiber optic medical procedure and device
US5192280A (en) * 1991-11-25 1993-03-09 Everest Medical Corporation Pivoting multiple loop bipolar cutting device
EP0557806A2 (en) * 1992-02-12 1993-09-01 United States Surgical Corporation Articulating endoscopic surgical apparatus
EP0636344A2 (en) * 1993-06-29 1995-02-01 Machida Endoscope Co., Ltd Medical instrument for treating sinusitis
US5431662A (en) * 1992-02-12 1995-07-11 United States Surgical Corporation Manipulator apparatus
US5490819A (en) * 1991-08-05 1996-02-13 United States Surgical Corporation Articulating endoscopic surgical apparatus
US5514157A (en) * 1992-02-12 1996-05-07 United States Surgical Corporation Articulating endoscopic surgical apparatus
US5571115A (en) * 1992-02-12 1996-11-05 United States Surgical Corporation Manipulator apparatus
US5578048A (en) * 1993-09-15 1996-11-26 United States Surgical Corporation Manipulator apparatus
US5766165A (en) * 1995-09-22 1998-06-16 Gentelia; John S. Return path monitoring system
US5797959A (en) * 1995-09-21 1998-08-25 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical apparatus with articulating jaw structure
US20020103476A1 (en) * 1996-05-20 2002-08-01 Intuitive Surgical, Inc. Articulated surgical instrument for performing minimally invasive surgery with enhanced dexterity and sensitivity
US20030236549A1 (en) * 2000-07-21 2003-12-25 Frank Bonadio Surgical instrument
US20050102062A1 (en) * 1992-01-21 2005-05-12 Sri International Roll-pitch-roll wrist methods for minimally invasive robotic surgery

Cited By (42)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3144020A (en) * 1960-08-09 1964-08-11 Frank G Zingale Resectoscope sheath
US4085756A (en) * 1975-07-09 1978-04-25 Kenneth Weaver Method and apparatus for performing an electrosurgical procedure
US4945895A (en) * 1989-03-20 1990-08-07 Vance Products Incorporated Remote fiber optic medical procedure and device
WO1990011041A1 (en) * 1989-03-20 1990-10-04 Vance Products Incorporated D.B.A. Cook Urological Incorporated Remote fiber optic medical procedure and device
US5490819A (en) * 1991-08-05 1996-02-13 United States Surgical Corporation Articulating endoscopic surgical apparatus
US5192280A (en) * 1991-11-25 1993-03-09 Everest Medical Corporation Pivoting multiple loop bipolar cutting device
EP0544392A1 (en) * 1991-11-25 1993-06-02 Everest Medical Corporation Pivoting double loop bipolar cutting device
US7890211B2 (en) 1992-01-21 2011-02-15 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Master-slave manipulator system and apparatus
US7248944B2 (en) 1992-01-21 2007-07-24 Institute Surgical, Inc Roll-pitch-roll wrist methods for minimally invasive robotic surgery
US7107124B2 (en) 1992-01-21 2006-09-12 Sri International Roll-pitch-roll wrist methods for minimally invasive robotic surgery
US20050102062A1 (en) * 1992-01-21 2005-05-12 Sri International Roll-pitch-roll wrist methods for minimally invasive robotic surgery
US20060142897A1 (en) * 1992-01-21 2006-06-29 Sri International Roll-pitch-roll wrist methods for minimally invasive robotic surgery
US20070276423A1 (en) * 1992-01-21 2007-11-29 Sri International Roll-Pitch-Roll Wrist Methods for Minimally Invasive Robotic Surgery
US20020177874A1 (en) * 1992-02-12 2002-11-28 United States Surgical Corporation Articulating endoscopic surgical apparatus
US5571115A (en) * 1992-02-12 1996-11-05 United States Surgical Corporation Manipulator apparatus
EP0557806A2 (en) * 1992-02-12 1993-09-01 United States Surgical Corporation Articulating endoscopic surgical apparatus
EP0557806A3 (en) * 1992-02-12 1994-04-27 United States Surgical Corp
US20070162072A1 (en) * 1992-02-12 2007-07-12 United States Surgical Corporation Articulating endoscopic surgical apparatus
US5782859A (en) * 1992-02-12 1998-07-21 United States Surgical Corporation Articulating endoscopic surgical apparatus
US5383888A (en) * 1992-02-12 1995-01-24 United States Surgical Corporation Articulating endoscopic surgical apparatus
US7087071B2 (en) 1992-02-12 2006-08-08 United States Surgical Corporation Articulating endoscopic surgical apparatus
US5431662A (en) * 1992-02-12 1995-07-11 United States Surgical Corporation Manipulator apparatus
US5514157A (en) * 1992-02-12 1996-05-07 United States Surgical Corporation Articulating endoscopic surgical apparatus
US5607450A (en) * 1992-02-12 1997-03-04 United States Surgical Corporation Articulating endoscopic surgical apparatus
EP0636344A3 (en) * 1993-06-29 1995-08-16 Machida Endoscope Co Ltd Medical instrument for treating sinusitis.
EP0636344A2 (en) * 1993-06-29 1995-02-01 Machida Endoscope Co., Ltd Medical instrument for treating sinusitis
US5578048A (en) * 1993-09-15 1996-11-26 United States Surgical Corporation Manipulator apparatus
US5797959A (en) * 1995-09-21 1998-08-25 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical apparatus with articulating jaw structure
US5766165A (en) * 1995-09-22 1998-06-16 Gentelia; John S. Return path monitoring system
US7316681B2 (en) 1996-05-20 2008-01-08 Intuitive Surgical, Inc Articulated surgical instrument for performing minimally invasive surgery with enhanced dexterity and sensitivity
US20060030841A1 (en) * 1996-05-20 2006-02-09 Madhani Akhil J Articulated surgical instrument for performing minimally invasive surgery with enhanced dexterity and sensitivity
US9999473B2 (en) 1996-05-20 2018-06-19 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Articulated surgical instrument for performing minimally invasive surgery with enhanced dexterity and sensitivity
US6991627B2 (en) 1996-05-20 2006-01-31 Intuitive Surgical Inc. Articulated surgical instrument for performing minimally invasive surgery with enhanced dexterity and sensitivity
US20080077159A1 (en) * 1996-05-20 2008-03-27 Intuitive Surgical Inc. Articulated surgical instrument for performing minimally invasive surgery with enhanced dexterity and sensitivity
US7780651B2 (en) 1996-05-20 2010-08-24 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Articulated surgical instrument for performing minimally invasive surgery with enhanced dexterity and sensitivity
US20100292708A1 (en) * 1996-05-20 2010-11-18 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Articulated Surgical Instrument for Performing Minimally Invasive Surgery with Enhanced Dexterity and Sensitivity
US20020103476A1 (en) * 1996-05-20 2002-08-01 Intuitive Surgical, Inc. Articulated surgical instrument for performing minimally invasive surgery with enhanced dexterity and sensitivity
US9510915B2 (en) 1996-05-20 2016-12-06 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Articulated surgical instrument for performing minimally invasive surgery with enhanced dexterity and sensitivity
US8343141B2 (en) 1996-05-20 2013-01-01 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Articulated surgical instrument for performing minimally invasive surgery with enhanced dexterity and sensitivity
US8709000B2 (en) 1996-05-20 2014-04-29 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Articulated surgical instrument for performing minimally invasive surgery with enhanced dexterity and sensitivity
US8157817B2 (en) 2000-07-21 2012-04-17 Atropos Limited Surgical instrument
US20030236549A1 (en) * 2000-07-21 2003-12-25 Frank Bonadio Surgical instrument

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