US1615096A - Floor and ceiling construction - Google Patents

Floor and ceiling construction Download PDF

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Publication number
US1615096A
US1615096A US57765A US5776525A US1615096A US 1615096 A US1615096 A US 1615096A US 57765 A US57765 A US 57765A US 5776525 A US5776525 A US 5776525A US 1615096 A US1615096 A US 1615096A
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units
floor
construction
hangers
supports
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Expired - Lifetime
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US57765A
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Joseph J R Meyers
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Joseph J R Meyers
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members

Description

Jan. 18,1927.

J. J. R. MEYERS FLOOR AND CEILING CON STRUCTION Filed Sept. 21, 192

IIYIWI liill llll ATTORNEYS Patented Jan. 18, 1927.

Uhil'i'i'll) STATES JOSEPH J. R. MEYER/S, 0F NEWAEK, NEW' JERSEY.

FLGOR AND CEILING CONSTRUCTION.

Application filed. September 21, 1925. Serial No. 57,765.

This invention relates to interior constructions for buildings, dwellings, etc.

An object of the present invention is an interior construction to provide floors, ceilings, and walls for a building or dwelling, principally a dwelling, by the use of structural units of novel construction which may be quickly and easily set up or be incorporated by virtue of attaching or anchoring means embodied by the units.

Another object of the present invention is to obtain a floor or wall construction of structural units each having similar structural features by virtue of which the units may be associated to accommodate a binder which concretes and so holds the units together to constitute a monolithic structure. The nature of the invention and its distinguishing features and advantages will appear when the following specification is read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a sectional perspective view showing the features of the interior construction of the present invention and show ing the manner in which the floor units and ceiling panel are incorporated.

Fig. 2 is a detail sectional view taken sub stantially on line 22 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view illustrating a plurality of floor units and showing the manner in which the binder is applied to hold the floor units together.

In accordance with the present invention the interior constructions which provide the floors and ceilings will be supported by the main supporting walls of a building or dwelling, shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings, such support being indicated at The structure 10 supports stringers or supports 11. The upper edge of each of the string ers 11 is provided with notches 1.2 which are spaced equi-distantly and each of said notches is so shaped as to provide a locking portion 13. The lower edge of each of said stringers is provided with l'iangcrs 1 land the said hangers may be permanently attached, or may be detachable. Each of the hangers 14 includes portion 15 which is provided with serrations 16. The floor and ceiling, as is usual in interior constructions, are supported by stringers 11. The lloor in accordance with the present invention is made up of a multiplicity of units 17 which may be of any preferred material of sufficient likeness and yet having the proper supporting strength and durability; the material used in the present instance being of a cementitious nature. Each of the units 17 may be of any preferred length and width. Each of the units 17 is chamfered as at 18 at the opposite longitudinal side edges thereof near the top face, is rabbeted as at 19 at one longitudinal side edge in the bottom face, is provided with a tongue 20 at the longitudinal side edge opposite to that having the rabbet therein, and is provided with lugs 21 on the bottom face. If desired, instead of using a number of lugs 21, one lug extending the length of the unit may be used.

The cross sectional shape of each lug 21 conforms to the shape of the notches 12 so that the curved portion 22 of each lug will serve with the locking portion 13 related thereto to hold the unit in place. The units 17 are laid down one at a time so that the lugs 21 will be engaged respectively in the notches 12. When all of the units are laid down the portions 13 and 22 will constitute a means for anchoring the units to the stringers 11, and as shown in Fig. 1 there will be a space 23 bet-ween adjacent units 17 which converges into a larger triangular space 24 by virtue of the adjacent chamfered side edges, and portions of adjacent units will be overlapped by virtue of the tongue 20 of one unit being disposed in the rabbet 19 of the adjacent unit. A suitable cementitious binder 25 is applied. The binder 25 in flowing condition is made to enter the spaces 24 through the crevices 23, and when the said binder concretes all of the units 17 will be securely bound together to form a monolithic structure having a top layer, as shown more clearly in Fig. 3, to constitute a floor.

A ceiling will be incorporated to provide panels 26 of any preferred materialplastic or other similar material. The panel is provided with hangers 27 somewhat similar in construction to the hangers lt in that each of the hangers is provided with a portion 28 having serrations 29. The serrated portions of the hangers 27 may be brought over the serrated portions 15 of the hangers 1st and in this manner the panel may be suspended; the said serrated portions constitut ing a means for attachably accommodating the panel 26. One panel 26 or more than one panel may be used to produce the ceiling. It is to be understood that the hangers 27 may be formed integral with the panel 26 or may be attached thereto in any suit able manner, and instead of using a number of hangers in the same row one long hanger may be employed which extends from one end of the panel to the other.

It is to be understood that the structural feature of the units 17 may be adopted for produeting walls as well as floors as it has actually been found that units of this character serve adequately for such purpose.

1. In a floor construction, supports, floor units, and means between the supports and the floor units for anchoring the floor units to said supports, each of said floor units being chainfered at the opposite longitudinal side edges thereof near the top face and rabbeted at one side edge at the bottom face thereof and having a tongue, the tongue of each floor unit entering the rabbet of the adjoining floor unit.

2. A structural unit consisting of a body of ceinentitious material, said body being ehanifered at the opposite longitudinal side edges at the top face thereof, rabbeted along one longitudinal side edge in the bottom face thereof, a tongue at the side opposite to that having the rabbet, and a curved anchoring lug on the bottom face of said body.

3. A structural unit consisting of a body of ceinentitious material, said body being chainfered at the opposite longitudinal side edges at the top face thereof, rabbeted along one longitudinal side edge in the bottom iacc thereof, having a tongue at the side opposite to that having the rabbet, and attaching means on the bottom face of said body.

4. In a floor construction, floor units, supports on which the floor units rest, and means for anchoring the floor units to said supports, portions on adjoining floor units overlapping each other, there being a space between adjoining floor units by virtue of adjacent portions of the adjoining floor units being cham'iered, the spaces formed between the adjoining floor units accoinInodating a binder which holds said floor units together.

5. An interior construction comprising supports each having recesses therein, structural units each having a portion adapted to enter recesses in a plurality of said supports for connecting the unit thereto, adjacent units having portions which intertit to provide an overlap, said units being chainfered to provide a space between the units over each overlap, and surfacing material over the units with portions received in the spaces between the units.

JOSEPH J. R. MEYERS.

US57765A 1925-09-21 1925-09-21 Floor and ceiling construction Expired - Lifetime US1615096A (en)

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Cited By (65)

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US20020178673A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2002-12-05 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US6510665B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2003-01-28 Valinge Aluminum Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US6516579B1 (en) 1993-05-10 2003-02-11 Tony Pervan System for joining building boards
US6532709B2 (en) 1998-06-03 2003-03-18 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system and flooring board
US20030101674A1 (en) * 2001-09-20 2003-06-05 Darko Pervan Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same
US6588166B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-07-08 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6606834B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-08-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20030196405A1 (en) * 1994-04-29 2003-10-23 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US20030233809A1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2003-12-25 Darko Pervan Floorboards for floating floors
US20040016196A1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2004-01-29 Darko Pervan Mechanical locking system for floating floor
US20040035078A1 (en) * 2002-03-20 2004-02-26 Darko Pervan Floorboards with decorative grooves
US20040035077A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2004-02-26 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6715253B2 (en) 2000-04-10 2004-04-06 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system for floorboards
US20040123542A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-07-01 Thomas Grafenauer Wood fiberboard, in particular floor panel
US20040123547A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-07-01 Thomas Grafenauer Floor panel
US20040128934A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2004-07-08 Hendrik Hecht Floor panel and method of laying a floor panel
US20040139678A1 (en) * 2002-04-22 2004-07-22 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards, flooring systems and methods for manufacturing and installation thereof
US6769218B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2004-08-03 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard and locking system therefor
US20040177584A1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2004-09-16 Valinge Aluminium Ab Flooring and method for installation and manufacturing thereof
US20040206036A1 (en) * 2003-02-24 2004-10-21 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard and method for manufacturing thereof
US6851241B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2005-02-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards and methods for production and installation thereof
US20050076598A1 (en) * 2003-10-11 2005-04-14 Matthias Lewark Panel, in particular floor panel
US6880305B2 (en) 1995-05-17 2005-04-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US20050089644A1 (en) * 2003-09-06 2005-04-28 Frank Oldorff Method for sealing a building panel
US20050097860A1 (en) * 1999-07-05 2005-05-12 Goran Martensson Floor element with guiding means
US20050102937A1 (en) * 1998-06-03 2005-05-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking System And Flooring Board
US20050138881A1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2005-06-30 Darko Pervan Flooring systems and methods for installation
US20050144878A1 (en) * 2003-12-17 2005-07-07 Thomas Grafenauer Building board for use in subfloors
US20050160694A1 (en) * 2002-04-03 2005-07-28 Valinge Aluminium Mechanical locking system for floorboards
US20050166516A1 (en) * 2004-01-13 2005-08-04 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floor covering and locking systems
US20050166514A1 (en) * 2004-01-13 2005-08-04 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floor covering and locking systems
US20050193677A1 (en) * 2004-03-08 2005-09-08 Kronotec Ag. Wooden material board, in particular flooring panel
US20050208255A1 (en) * 2002-04-08 2005-09-22 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards for floorings
US20050205161A1 (en) * 2004-01-30 2005-09-22 Matthias Lewark Method for bringing in a strip forming a spring of a board
US20050210810A1 (en) * 2003-12-02 2005-09-29 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US20050214537A1 (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-09-29 Kronotex Gmbh & Co., Kg. Insulation board made of a mixture of wood base material and binding fibers
US20050284076A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2005-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060073320A1 (en) * 2004-10-05 2006-04-06 Valinge Aluminium Ab Appliance And Method For Surface Treatment Of A Board Shaped Material And Floorboard
US20060101769A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2006-05-18 Valinge Aluminium Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US20060182938A1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2006-08-17 Flooring Technologies Ltd., Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US20060179773A1 (en) * 2005-02-15 2006-08-17 Valinge Aluminium Ab Building Panel With Compressed Edges And Method Of Making Same
US20060196139A1 (en) * 2001-09-20 2006-09-07 Valinge Innovation Ab, Apelvagen 2 Flooring And Method For Laying And Manufacturing The Same
US20060236642A1 (en) * 2005-03-30 2006-10-26 Valinge Aluminium Ab Mechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US20060265641A1 (en) * 2005-05-17 2006-11-23 International Business Machines Corporation Custom report generation
US20070028547A1 (en) * 2003-03-24 2007-02-08 Kronotec Ag Device for connecting building boards, especially floor panels
US20070059492A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2007-03-15 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board
US20070071949A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2007-03-29 Kronotec Ag Process for producing a structured decoration in a woodbased-material board
US20070193174A1 (en) * 2006-02-21 2007-08-23 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for finishing a building board and building board
US20070193178A1 (en) * 2006-02-10 2007-08-23 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Device and method for locking two building boards
US20070207290A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2007-09-06 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US7444791B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2008-11-04 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system and flooring board
US20080271403A1 (en) * 2000-03-31 2008-11-06 Jorgen Palsson Process for sealing of a joint
US7484338B2 (en) 1999-04-30 2009-02-03 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system, floorboard comprising such a locking system, as well as method for making floorboards
US20090038253A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2009-02-12 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7641963B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2010-01-05 Kronotec Ag Panel and process for producing a panel
US7651751B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2010-01-26 Kronotec Ag Building board
US7827749B2 (en) 2005-12-29 2010-11-09 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Panel and method of manufacture
US20110059239A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2011-03-10 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
US20110131901A1 (en) * 2001-07-27 2011-06-09 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with sealing means
US20110173914A1 (en) * 2010-01-15 2011-07-21 Nils-Erik Engstrom Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8061104B2 (en) 2005-05-20 2011-11-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8978334B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-03-17 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US9322162B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2016-04-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Guiding means at a joint
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements

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US20060283127A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2006-12-21 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with a tongue, groove and a strip
US20020178682A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2002-12-05 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US20020178673A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2002-12-05 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US6516579B1 (en) 1993-05-10 2003-02-11 Tony Pervan System for joining building boards
US7823359B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2010-11-02 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with a tongue, groove and a strip
US20050166502A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2005-08-04 Valinge Aluminium Ab. Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US7086205B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2006-08-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab System for joining building panels
US7775007B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2010-08-17 Valinge Innovation Ab System for joining building panels
US7121059B2 (en) 1994-04-29 2006-10-17 Valinge Innovation Ab System for joining building panels
US20030196405A1 (en) * 1994-04-29 2003-10-23 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US20040035077A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2004-02-26 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
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US6588166B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-07-08 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
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US20090038253A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2009-02-12 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6880305B2 (en) 1995-05-17 2005-04-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US20060032177A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-02-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
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