US1611858A - Baseball bat - Google Patents

Baseball bat Download PDF

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Publication number
US1611858A
US1611858A US68366023A US1611858A US 1611858 A US1611858 A US 1611858A US 68366023 A US68366023 A US 68366023A US 1611858 A US1611858 A US 1611858A
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Prior art keywords
bat
steel
body
tubular
balance
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Middlekauff Lloyd
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UNION HARDWARE Co
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UNION HARDWARE Co
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B59/00Bats, rackets or the like, not covered by groups A63B49/00 - A63B57/00
    • A63B59/50Substantially rod-shaped bats for hitting a ball in the air, e.g. for baseball
    • A63B59/51Substantially rod-shaped bats for hitting a ball in the air, e.g. for baseball made of metal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B59/00Bats, rackets or the like, not covered by groups A63B49/00 - A63B57/00
    • A63B59/50Substantially rod-shaped bats for hitting a ball in the air, e.g. for baseball
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2102/00Application of clubs, bats, rackets or the like to the sporting activity ; particular sports involving the use of balls and clubs, bats, rackets, or the like
    • A63B2102/18Baseball, rounders or similar games

Description

Dec. 21, 1926. l,6l1,858

L. MIDDLEKAUFF BASEBALL BAT Filed Dec. 31, 1923 INVENTOR Patented Dec. 21, 1926.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

LLOYD MIDDLEKA'UFF, 0F 'I'ORRINGTON,

CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR- TO UNION HARD- CUT.

BASEBA L BAT. 7

Application filed December It has been customary in the past to make baseball bats out of wood, sometimes solid of one-piece and sometimes laminated. It has also been proposed to interiorly reenforce wooden bats with metal or cores of wood. Ordinarily wooden bats have the disadvantage of being easily dented and broken. As is well known a solid wooden bat must be carefully held to avoid splitting. Laminated and cored constructions are very expensive to make. Furthermore, wooden bats vary very greatly in weight and in any event are easily dented andsplintered.

The main object of my invention is to )rovide a durable baseball bat which can e made at a reasonable cost and turned out in quantity with uniform characteristics as to weight and resiliency. Another object is to provide a construction of this type which can be made with standard methods of manufacture and standard parts in different sizes, Weights, and balance characteristics as it may be required.

In carrying out the invention I make the body of the baseball hat of Steel in the form of a tapered tube provided at the ends with closing caps and suitably reenforced and designed to provide the desired characteristics.

Figure 1 is a side view of a baseball bat embodying the improvements of my invention shown on a small scale.

Fig. 2 is an exploded view of the principal parts of the bat.

Fig. 3 is a full size longitudinal sectional view of a fragment of a handle end.

Figs. 4 and 5 are sectional views showing different forms of joints.

Fig. 6 is a transverse sectional view on the plane of the line 66 of Figure 1.

Fig. 7 is a full sized longitudinal sectional view of a fragment of the outer end of the bat.

The body 10 is preferably formed of steel of the desired length, diameter and taper.

This is tubular in form and may be drawn from a low carbon seamless tube, carbonized and heat treated so as to provide the necessary strength and resiliency, or from a high carbon steel tube in which case heat treatment or carbonizing is unnecessary. This body may also be formed of a strip of sheet steel of suitable grade formed into tubular shape with its edges suitably secured to- 31, 1923. Serial No. 683,660.

gether to form in effect a seamless tube. The edges may be united in any well known manner as for instance by a lock joint seam 11 as shown in Fig. 4, or by a butt joint and inner cover strip 12 as shown in Fig. 5, or by an ordinary lap joint. The edges may be welded, soldered, or brazed in any suitable manner.

The ends of the bod are closed by suitable caps such as 13 and 14. The inner end cap 13 may have a collar 15 fitting in the smaller end of the body and brazed, riveted, or otherwise secured in position. The outer end cap similarly may have a collar or flange 16 secured for instance inside the outer end of the body in any suitable manner such as by means of screw threads, by brazing, welding, rivets or screws.

1 also prefer to reenforce a part of the body of the bat, for instance the outer third of its length, by providing an interior sleeve 17 suitably secured by brazing, riveting, or welding to the body. In fact, this inner sleeve 17 may serve as the means for connecting the edges of the strip of which the body tube is formed so as to simultaneously secure reenforcement and permanent junction of the edges of the strip. This inner tube or sleeve 17 is also preferably of tempered steel although certain advantages of construction may be obtained by using a tubular sleeve of wood veneer or fibre or similar substance.

I may also reenforce the outer end for lnstance by casting or otherwise securing an insert 18 which may conveniently be held 111 place by the inner shoulder 19. This in sert not only reenforces the end so as to prevent it being dented, but also serves as a means for weighting the outer end so as to give the desired balance and swing to the bat. This weighting of the outer cap may be done at the factory when manufacturing in quantity according to desired standards,

or it is possible to leave the outer end cap to be weighted and applied by the purchaser so that the balance of the bat may be adjusted to the particular desires of the individual customer. In this way a purchaser can vary the balance of his bat by experiment so as to get exactly the effect desired.

Such a construction is practically nonbreakable and indestructible. It can be held in any position and gives much greater driving power than an ordinary wooden bat. Furthermore, according to my invention, it is possible to turn out such constructions with absolute uniformity of weight and balance' Ordinarily a skillful player places great reliance upon the exact weight and balance of the bat he is accustomed to use, and his game is very badly interfered with in case his particular bat is broken or missing. According to my invention, the player can be assured of not only a substantially indestructible bat, but he can always be assured of uniformity of weight and balance of the steel bat.

It should be understood of course that the. bat may be painted, enameled, or plated with any desired finish. lhe handle may be wound or provided with any suitable grip 29, In view of the fact that the working surface of the bat is perfectly smooth, hard, and not likely to be dented or splintered as is the case with wood, there is less likelihood of cutting or tearing the ball.

It should be understood of course that the thickness of the metal employed will depend upon a number of considerations such as the characteristics of the metal, the hardening or tempering operation, and the weight of the bat. It should also be understood that such constructions can be made in different grades in which the costof material and labor are important elements.

I claim:

1. A tapered tubular steel bat formed from a single strip having its edges secured together by interior means constituting longitudinal reinforcement, and closing caps at its opposite ends.

2. A steel bat having a tubular body provided with an interior springy tubular reen forcing sleeve.

3. A. tapered tubular steel bat, closures for the opposite ends thereof and a resilient tubular reinforcing sleeve secured in direct engagement with a wall of the larger end of said bat and extending approximately the entire length of the striking length thereof.

4. A tapered tubular steel bat, a longitudinally extending reinforcement tube secured directly to the interior thereof, and an end cap.

LLOYD MEDDLEKAUFF.

US1611858A 1923-12-31 1923-12-31 Baseball bat Expired - Lifetime US1611858A (en)

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US1611858A US1611858A (en) 1923-12-31 1923-12-31 Baseball bat

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US1611858A US1611858A (en) 1923-12-31 1923-12-31 Baseball bat

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US1611858A true US1611858A (en) 1926-12-21

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US1611858A Expired - Lifetime US1611858A (en) 1923-12-31 1923-12-31 Baseball bat

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Cited By (53)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2967710A (en) * 1958-09-02 1961-01-10 Cosom Ind Inc Bat
US3479030A (en) * 1967-01-26 1969-11-18 Anthony Merola Hollow,metal ball bat
US3635475A (en) * 1969-08-11 1972-01-18 Dwight C Brown Practice bat and ball
US3703290A (en) * 1971-03-08 1972-11-21 Aluminum Co Of America Ball bat construction
US3727295A (en) * 1971-09-15 1973-04-17 Nl Industries Inc Method of manufacturing foam filled metal bat
US3729196A (en) * 1970-10-01 1973-04-24 Worth Bat Co Inc Metal bat
US3861682A (en) * 1972-03-06 1975-01-21 Hirokazu Fujii Baseball bat
US3876204A (en) * 1972-04-19 1975-04-08 Aluminum Co Of America Hollow ball bat with dampening means
US3963239A (en) * 1972-03-23 1976-06-15 Hirokazu Fujii Baseball bat
US4056267A (en) * 1974-05-10 1977-11-01 St. Louis Diecasting Corporation Die cast bat with rod
US4103412A (en) * 1976-05-11 1978-08-01 St. Louis Diecasting Corporation Method of making a foam filled die cast bat
US4135719A (en) * 1977-07-20 1979-01-23 Braunhut Harold N Spring whip
US4505479A (en) * 1982-12-28 1985-03-19 Souders Roger B Weighted bat with weight securing means
US4600193A (en) * 1983-09-19 1986-07-15 William Merritt Hollow bat
US5393055A (en) * 1993-08-13 1995-02-28 Mckay, Jr.; Jack W. Ball bat with concentrated weight load and method of making same
US5452889A (en) * 1994-02-04 1995-09-26 Tonka Corporation Ball striking device
US5494280A (en) * 1993-07-30 1996-02-27 Mackay, Jr.; Jack W. Concave end cap with cone load for bats
US5676609A (en) * 1996-04-16 1997-10-14 Mollebaek; Troels Composite ball bats
US5676610A (en) * 1996-12-23 1997-10-14 Hillerich & Bradsby Co. Bat having a rolled sheet inserted into the barrel
US5722908A (en) * 1996-02-02 1998-03-03 Lisco, Inc. Composite bat with metal barrel area and method of fabrication
US5785617A (en) * 1993-07-30 1998-07-28 Hillerich & Bradsby Co. Full barrel ball bat with end cap
US5904803A (en) * 1996-06-03 1999-05-18 Hillerich & Bradsby Co. Apparatus for making a mold by heat shrinking
US5954602A (en) * 1998-10-02 1999-09-21 Demarini Sports, Inc. Bat end plug and method for making the same
US6042493A (en) * 1998-05-14 2000-03-28 Jas. D. Easton, Inc. Tubular metal bat internally reinforced with fiber and metallic composite
US6045467A (en) * 1998-04-09 2000-04-04 Anderson; Steven L. Weldless knob for metal baseball and softball bats
US6139451A (en) * 1996-06-03 2000-10-31 Hillerich & Bradsby Co. Reinforced wood bat
US6425836B1 (en) 1998-10-19 2002-07-30 Mizuno Corporation Baseball or softball bat
US6443860B1 (en) 2000-08-11 2002-09-03 American Trim, Llc Knob for a metal ball bat
US20040023736A1 (en) * 2002-07-18 2004-02-05 Cardinale Ronald S. Training device and method of training a batter
US20040072637A1 (en) * 2002-10-15 2004-04-15 David Morrow Lacrosse head and method of forming same
US6735998B2 (en) 2002-10-04 2004-05-18 George A. Mitchell Company Method of making metal ball bats
US20040132563A1 (en) * 2003-01-03 2004-07-08 Giannetti William B. Ball bat with a strain energy optimized barrel
US20040152545A1 (en) * 1999-09-15 2004-08-05 Wilson Sporting Goods Co. Ball bat having an insert with variable wall thickness
US20040157689A1 (en) * 1999-09-15 2004-08-12 Wilson Sporting Goods Co. Insert for a bat having an improved seam orientation
US6918843B1 (en) * 2001-01-30 2005-07-19 Micheal E. Franssen Baseball training bat
US20050202909A1 (en) * 2003-01-03 2005-09-15 Giannetti William B. Ball bat with a strain energy optimized barrel
US20060019779A1 (en) * 2004-07-20 2006-01-26 Wilson Sporting Goods Co. Ball bat formed of carburized steel
US20060025253A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Giannetti William B Composite ball bat with constrained layer dampening
US20060025252A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Giannetti William B Ball bat including a focused flexure region
US20060025250A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Jas. D. Easton, Inc Ball bat exhibiting optimized performance via discrete lamina tailoring
US20070175014A1 (en) * 2006-02-02 2007-08-02 Thu Van Nguyen Method and apparatus for making metal ball bats
US20080028819A1 (en) * 2004-04-06 2008-02-07 Andreas Hauger Process of producing profiles whose cross-section is variable in the longitudinal direction
US20080308184A1 (en) * 2007-06-15 2008-12-18 Gill William H Apparatus for hardening the head area of a wooden baseball bat
US20090143176A1 (en) * 2007-12-03 2009-06-04 Hillerich & Bradsby Co. Apparatus for deterring modification of sports equipment
US7547261B2 (en) 2002-05-14 2009-06-16 Warrior Sports, Inc. Reinforced lacrosse head
US20100000656A1 (en) * 2002-05-14 2010-01-07 Warrior Sports, Inc. Reinforced lacrosse head and related method of manufacture
US7749113B2 (en) 2002-05-14 2010-07-06 Warrior Sports, Inc. Lacrosse head with increased strength and playability characteristics
US20110092323A1 (en) * 2009-03-26 2011-04-21 Chuck Morsa Superior results dual handgrip sports bat
US8267814B1 (en) 2009-05-15 2012-09-18 Warrior Sports, Inc. Climate variable lacrosse heads and related methods of use
US8282512B1 (en) 2009-03-26 2012-10-09 Warrior Sports, Inc. Lacrosse head
US8827846B2 (en) 2012-02-01 2014-09-09 Christopher Shocklee System for selecting components of a modular bat
US9220962B2 (en) 2013-12-09 2015-12-29 Thu Van Nguyen Double wall bat and process for manufacturing same
US9700776B2 (en) 2012-02-01 2017-07-11 5 Star, Llc Handle weighted bat and assembly process

Cited By (86)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2967710A (en) * 1958-09-02 1961-01-10 Cosom Ind Inc Bat
US3479030A (en) * 1967-01-26 1969-11-18 Anthony Merola Hollow,metal ball bat
US3635475A (en) * 1969-08-11 1972-01-18 Dwight C Brown Practice bat and ball
US3729196A (en) * 1970-10-01 1973-04-24 Worth Bat Co Inc Metal bat
US3703290A (en) * 1971-03-08 1972-11-21 Aluminum Co Of America Ball bat construction
US3727295A (en) * 1971-09-15 1973-04-17 Nl Industries Inc Method of manufacturing foam filled metal bat
US3861682A (en) * 1972-03-06 1975-01-21 Hirokazu Fujii Baseball bat
US3963239A (en) * 1972-03-23 1976-06-15 Hirokazu Fujii Baseball bat
US3876204A (en) * 1972-04-19 1975-04-08 Aluminum Co Of America Hollow ball bat with dampening means
US4056267A (en) * 1974-05-10 1977-11-01 St. Louis Diecasting Corporation Die cast bat with rod
US4103412A (en) * 1976-05-11 1978-08-01 St. Louis Diecasting Corporation Method of making a foam filled die cast bat
US4135719A (en) * 1977-07-20 1979-01-23 Braunhut Harold N Spring whip
US4505479A (en) * 1982-12-28 1985-03-19 Souders Roger B Weighted bat with weight securing means
US4600193A (en) * 1983-09-19 1986-07-15 William Merritt Hollow bat
US5785617A (en) * 1993-07-30 1998-07-28 Hillerich & Bradsby Co. Full barrel ball bat with end cap
US5494280A (en) * 1993-07-30 1996-02-27 Mackay, Jr.; Jack W. Concave end cap with cone load for bats
US5931750A (en) * 1993-07-30 1999-08-03 Hillerich & Bradsby Co. Full barrel ball bat with end cap
US5393055A (en) * 1993-08-13 1995-02-28 Mckay, Jr.; Jack W. Ball bat with concentrated weight load and method of making same
US5452889A (en) * 1994-02-04 1995-09-26 Tonka Corporation Ball striking device
US5722908A (en) * 1996-02-02 1998-03-03 Lisco, Inc. Composite bat with metal barrel area and method of fabrication
US5676609A (en) * 1996-04-16 1997-10-14 Mollebaek; Troels Composite ball bats
US6139451A (en) * 1996-06-03 2000-10-31 Hillerich & Bradsby Co. Reinforced wood bat
US5904803A (en) * 1996-06-03 1999-05-18 Hillerich & Bradsby Co. Apparatus for making a mold by heat shrinking
US5676610A (en) * 1996-12-23 1997-10-14 Hillerich & Bradsby Co. Bat having a rolled sheet inserted into the barrel
US6045467A (en) * 1998-04-09 2000-04-04 Anderson; Steven L. Weldless knob for metal baseball and softball bats
US6042493A (en) * 1998-05-14 2000-03-28 Jas. D. Easton, Inc. Tubular metal bat internally reinforced with fiber and metallic composite
US5954602A (en) * 1998-10-02 1999-09-21 Demarini Sports, Inc. Bat end plug and method for making the same
US6425836B1 (en) 1998-10-19 2002-07-30 Mizuno Corporation Baseball or softball bat
US7011588B2 (en) * 1999-09-15 2006-03-14 Wilson Sporting Goods Co. Insert for a bat having an improved seam orientation
US6949038B2 (en) * 1999-09-15 2005-09-27 Wilson Sporting Goods Co. Ball bat having an insert with variable wall thickness
US20040157689A1 (en) * 1999-09-15 2004-08-12 Wilson Sporting Goods Co. Insert for a bat having an improved seam orientation
US20040152545A1 (en) * 1999-09-15 2004-08-05 Wilson Sporting Goods Co. Ball bat having an insert with variable wall thickness
US6443860B1 (en) 2000-08-11 2002-09-03 American Trim, Llc Knob for a metal ball bat
US6869373B1 (en) 2000-08-11 2005-03-22 American Trim, Llc Knob for a metal ball bat and method of attaching knob
US6918843B1 (en) * 2001-01-30 2005-07-19 Micheal E. Franssen Baseball training bat
US8029390B2 (en) 2002-05-14 2011-10-04 Warrior Sports, Inc. Reinforced lacrosse head and related method of manufacture
US7695382B2 (en) 2002-05-14 2010-04-13 Warrior Sports, Inc. Reinforced lacrosse head
US7749113B2 (en) 2002-05-14 2010-07-06 Warrior Sports, Inc. Lacrosse head with increased strength and playability characteristics
US20100000656A1 (en) * 2002-05-14 2010-01-07 Warrior Sports, Inc. Reinforced lacrosse head and related method of manufacture
US7547261B2 (en) 2002-05-14 2009-06-16 Warrior Sports, Inc. Reinforced lacrosse head
US7704171B2 (en) 2002-05-14 2010-04-27 Warrior Sports, Inc. Reinforced lacrosse head
US7727457B2 (en) 2002-07-02 2010-06-01 Warrior Sports, Inc. Lacrosse head and method of forming same
US20070252296A1 (en) * 2002-07-02 2007-11-01 Warrior Lacrosse, Inc. Lacrosse head and method of forming same
US20040023736A1 (en) * 2002-07-18 2004-02-05 Cardinale Ronald S. Training device and method of training a batter
US6735998B2 (en) 2002-10-04 2004-05-18 George A. Mitchell Company Method of making metal ball bats
US7226374B2 (en) * 2002-10-15 2007-06-05 Warrior Lacrosse, Inc. Lacrosse head and method of forming same
US20040072637A1 (en) * 2002-10-15 2004-04-15 David Morrow Lacrosse head and method of forming same
US6764419B1 (en) 2003-01-03 2004-07-20 Jas D. Easton, Inc. Composite baseball bat having an interface section in the bat barrel
US20050202909A1 (en) * 2003-01-03 2005-09-15 Giannetti William B. Ball bat with a strain energy optimized barrel
US20040132563A1 (en) * 2003-01-03 2004-07-08 Giannetti William B. Ball bat with a strain energy optimized barrel
US6866598B2 (en) 2003-01-03 2005-03-15 Jas. D. Easton, Inc. Ball bat with a strain energy optimized barrel
US20080028819A1 (en) * 2004-04-06 2008-02-07 Andreas Hauger Process of producing profiles whose cross-section is variable in the longitudinal direction
US9040134B2 (en) * 2004-04-06 2015-05-26 Muhr Und Bender Kg Process of producing profiles whose cross-section is variable in the longitudinal direction
US20060019779A1 (en) * 2004-07-20 2006-01-26 Wilson Sporting Goods Co. Ball bat formed of carburized steel
US7175552B2 (en) * 2004-07-20 2007-02-13 Wilson Sporting Goods Co. Ball bat formed of carburized steel
US7442134B2 (en) 2004-07-29 2008-10-28 Easton Sports, Inc. Ball bat including an integral shock attenuation region
US20080032833A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2008-02-07 Giannetti William B Ball bat exhibiting optimized performance via selective placement of interlaminar shear control zones
US20060247078A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-11-02 Giannetti William B Ball bat exhibiting optimized performance via selective placement of interlaminar shear control zones
US7361107B2 (en) 2004-07-29 2008-04-22 Easton Sports, Inc. Ball bat exhibiting optimized performance via selective placement of interlaminar shear control zones
US7115054B2 (en) 2004-07-29 2006-10-03 Jas. D. Easton, Inc. Ball bat exhibiting optimized performance via selective placement of interlaminar shear control zones
US7442135B2 (en) 2004-07-29 2008-10-28 Easton Sports, Inc. Ball bat including a focused flexure region
US7896763B2 (en) 2004-07-29 2011-03-01 Easton Sports, Inc. Ball bat exhibiting optimized performance via selective placement of interlaminar shear control zones
US7527570B2 (en) 2004-07-29 2009-05-05 Easton Sports, Inc. Ball bat exhibiting optimized performance via selective placement of interlaminar shear control zones
US20060025249A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Giannetti William B Ball bat exhibiting optimized performance via selective placement of interlaminar shear control zones
US20060025251A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Jas. D. Easton, Inc. Ball bat including an integral shock attenuation region
US20060025250A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Jas. D. Easton, Inc Ball bat exhibiting optimized performance via discrete lamina tailoring
US20060025253A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Giannetti William B Composite ball bat with constrained layer dampening
US7163475B2 (en) 2004-07-29 2007-01-16 Easton Sports, Inc. Ball bat exhibiting optimized performance via discrete lamina tailoring
US20060025252A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Giannetti William B Ball bat including a focused flexure region
US20090197712A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2009-08-06 Giannetti William B Ball bat exhibiting optimized performance via selective placement of interlaminar shear control zones
US20070175014A1 (en) * 2006-02-02 2007-08-02 Thu Van Nguyen Method and apparatus for making metal ball bats
US7328599B2 (en) 2006-02-02 2008-02-12 Thu Van Nguyen Method and apparatus for making metal ball bats
US7841372B2 (en) 2007-06-15 2010-11-30 Gill William H Apparatus for hardening the head area of a wooden baseball bat
US20080308184A1 (en) * 2007-06-15 2008-12-18 Gill William H Apparatus for hardening the head area of a wooden baseball bat
US7850554B2 (en) 2007-12-03 2010-12-14 Hillerich & Bradsby Co. Apparatus for deterring modification of sports equipment
US20090143176A1 (en) * 2007-12-03 2009-06-04 Hillerich & Bradsby Co. Apparatus for deterring modification of sports equipment
US20110092323A1 (en) * 2009-03-26 2011-04-21 Chuck Morsa Superior results dual handgrip sports bat
US8512173B2 (en) 2009-03-26 2013-08-20 Warrior Sports, Inc. Lacrosse head
US8282512B1 (en) 2009-03-26 2012-10-09 Warrior Sports, Inc. Lacrosse head
US8376880B1 (en) 2009-05-15 2013-02-19 Warrior Sports, Inc. Climate variable lacrosse heads and related methods of use
US8480518B2 (en) 2009-05-15 2013-07-09 Warrior Sports, Inc. Climate variable lacrosse heads and related methods of use
US8651984B2 (en) 2009-05-15 2014-02-18 Warrior Sports, Inc. Climate variable lacrosse heads and related methods of use
US8267814B1 (en) 2009-05-15 2012-09-18 Warrior Sports, Inc. Climate variable lacrosse heads and related methods of use
US8827846B2 (en) 2012-02-01 2014-09-09 Christopher Shocklee System for selecting components of a modular bat
US9700776B2 (en) 2012-02-01 2017-07-11 5 Star, Llc Handle weighted bat and assembly process
US9220962B2 (en) 2013-12-09 2015-12-29 Thu Van Nguyen Double wall bat and process for manufacturing same

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