US1594368A - Garage - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1594368A
US1594368A US708632A US70863224A US1594368A US 1594368 A US1594368 A US 1594368A US 708632 A US708632 A US 708632A US 70863224 A US70863224 A US 70863224A US 1594368 A US1594368 A US 1594368A
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Prior art keywords
elevator
bays
bars
bay
load
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US708632A
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Jacobs George
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Jacobs George
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/18Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions
    • E04H6/182Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions using car-gripping transfer means
    • E04H6/183Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions using car-gripping transfer means without transverse movement of the car after leaving the transfer means

Description

Aug. 3 1926'. 1,594,368
U G. JACOBS GARAQE 'Filed April 24, 1924 e sheets-sheet 1v /4' 2 l Hmmm l 1 3 GARAGE File April 24 192'4 sa s INVENTOR.
GARAGE Filed April Q4 1994 6 Sheeishwc 6 wwullmwmfa mmm! MMI ljlml I N VEN TOR.
Il (l Patented fling. 3,
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GEORGE JACOBS, OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN.
Gremien.
Apphcatonled April' 24, 1924. Serial No. 708,632;
This inventionl relates tov garages for the` storage of motor vehicles, and` its Objectis to build a structure of this character. insections` withan elevatoriforeach section and i means to movetheelevatorsfup. or` dewnto positions inalinement with superimposed..
bays orchainbers in which the vehicles may bestored and lroinwhioh they may betalren by the elevator.
This invention.. consists, in combination with a vertical frameworkl consisting, of superimposed bays of sufiicient lengtlnwidth and height to receive motor vehicles5 of an elevator, and mechanism to move it up, and downto posi-tion it oppositeany one of the bays, a platform.. mounted 4in each bay andy supports therefor to` permit the platform and rits load tobe inovednfrom the bay inte the elevator and back into the bay, means on the elevator `to lift aniotor vehicle and hold itv suspended and to lower itv onto a platform which has been moved out of a bay into the elevator, and mechanisml mounted on the elevator for moving the platforms into and i out ofv the bays.
lt further-consists of ythe details of construction illustrated in the accompany;ing,
drawings and particularly pointedV out in the claims., i
In the drawings, F ig. 1 is an elevation of the framework of this improved garage, twosections of bays and the elevators therefor being shown. lig. 2 is a plan oftwo oppositabays and un elevator between them. Fig,l 3 is a longitudinal verticalseetion of the elevator.` Fig. 4 is an end elevation;
thereof. Fig. 5 is a sideelevation thereof. Fig..6 isa detail of the loclri-ng niiechanisni. Fig. 7 isa detail of the supporting means for the i vehicle.
Similar reference characters lrefer to like parts throughout the several views.
Suggestions have been made that down town parking garages be built with two vertical sectionsyof any desired length coinprisi'ng superimposed bays and an elevator adjustably supparted by aitraveling crane which is adapted to move back and forth the length of thegarage and thus .position the elevator` in front of any one of the bays. l prefer to construct my garage ofv sections of considerable height and to provide an elevator between,eachtwo spaced sections of bays .so that there will be an elevator for each of `a limited number of vehicle bays. I thus .avoid the delays which result at the opening-and close ofthefbusiness day from tooinany vehicles for one elevaton iii-Figs. 1 and@ llhave conventionally shown a framework comprising the `outside -beam posts 1 connected` by horizontal channels 2 land 3 and horizontal l'l-beams 4. Pairs of inner posts preferably of I-beain sections7 extend upwardly between adjacent girders 4. Hoisting devices are mounted centrally of the space .between the inner posts 5 and are. shown conventionally toconsist. of a motor .6, a worm ,7 on .its armature. shaft, Aand a longitudinal shaft. S`
mounted in any desired manner in the framework and. carrying the hoisting drums 9-and the worm wheel 10 niesliingwith the worm, 7. Cables 11 on `the drums extend down to the carriage or elevatorL The vehicles to be stored are placed on movable platforms of .which there is. one for each bay.y The platforms are shown to.con-
sist of, two ho 1izontal plates orA beams 13 connected at their ends by cross bars 14.v ifisheet metal floor 15 may bey attached to the lower sides yof the I-.beams 4, if desired.
'Stub shafts 16 extend from` the crossfbars 14 and receive the wheels 17 which run onl tlierlower flangesof the I-beams 4 so .that the platform may extend across lthe space between the four posts 5.` As indicated-in Fig. 1, the I-beams 4 are replaced by chan-l nel beams 3 at thetransversegend wall 19. 'l`he'ca-rriage or elevator may be of any desiredgitype of .construetion. It preferablycomprises aroofplate 21 attached to side channel bars 22 between which are the cross bars 23. Outside of Ythe channel bars 22 are the upright angle bars 24 which are connected by the endplates 25,. l also prefer to connect the angle bars 24 by the longitudinal bars 26.. A guide bar 27 isattached toveach end yplate 25 and is slidable inthe vertical guide channels 28 which extend between the I-beams 4.
Mounted onthe roof plate -21 of the eleva;v
at the lower edge of the adjacent end plate 25 and by the channel l5 just above it.
If the motor is energized to turn clockwise in F ig. 1, the left runs of the two chains come down and the pins l-O thereon enter the notches e2 in the levers 43 on the platform of the bays on the left side and push down these levers against the pressure of the springs l?. Continued movement of these chains will pull the platform to the right into the carriage, the plates 13 passing below the lower edges of the end plates 25 of the elevator. If the motor is now reversed the platform will be pushed back into the bay, either loaded or empty. Pins l8 prevent the levers i8 from rising too far.
The means for loading and unloading the elevator are operated by a. reversible motor 50, also mounted on the roof plate of the elevator. A pinion 5l on its armature shaft meshes with a gear 52 on one end of a double screw 53. The central bearing 54: of this screw is secured to the roof plate 2l and the screw is both right and left handed so that the nuts 55 thereon will move together inwardly or outwardly as the screw is turned.
The nuts 55 are attached to the cross bars 56 which are supported by the rollers 57 running on the lower flanges of the channels 22. Upright bars 58 in pairs (Fig. 8) eX- tend down from each of these cross bars adjacent these rollers and the links 59 are pivoted to the lower ends of these bars 58. Cross shafts 60 and (il connect the links 59 of each pair of bars 58 and a roller 62 may be mounted on each shaft. An inclined bar Glextends from the pivot of each corner bar 211 to a pin 66 slidable in the slot 67 in each bar 58 and a link 68 connects the shaft 60 to the pin 69 on the bar 6i.
Then the bars 58 are moved outward by the screw 53, the pin 66 is slid upward, carrying with it the link 70 which conne'rts to a pin 7l on the link 59 and this swings up the link 59 until it is parallel with the bars 2l. TWhen the elevator has been lowered down over an automobile standing on a platform or on the ground floor, and the screw 33 is turned to pull the nuts l55 toward each other, then the shafts 60 are forced in under the automobile wheels 74, as indicated in Fig. 7, raising the wheels until they rest on the rollers 62. The vehicle may now be carried to any desired point, the outer shaft 6l being prevented from swinging down by the links 70. As each of these supporting devices can be made operative to support a wheel within a range of about twelve inches, the same elevator can be employed to take care of all but the shortest and the longest automobiles.
Another suspension mechanism is shown in Fig. 5. The links 68 and 70 of Fig. 3 are omitted but a supporting link 76 extends down from the pin 77 on the bar 58 and has a slot 7 8 to receive the pin 7l. This link 76 prevents the link 58 from swinging down to below horizontal position. The heavy spring 79 will swing the link 58 up to vertical position when there is no load on the shafts 60 and 6l. The bars 58 are again kept vertical by the bars 64 and 68.
I prefer to lock the elevator in proper position before loading or unloading. A simple lock consists of holes 80` in the guide channels Q8 and holes 8l in the guides 27 on the end plates 25. Two longitudinally movable bars 83 and 84 extend to the vertical shaft 85 mounted at a convenient position and connect to an operating lever 86 by means of links 87. rIhis lever may be mounted on the shaft 85 which may be mounted on a small controlling platform 89 where the operator may stand adjacent to his operating device 90 for the motors.
The lengths of the sections will preferably vary with the lengths of the vehicles to be stored as garages of the type described will be erected where ground is of great value. rEhe widths and heights of the bays need not be over seven feet to accommodate the usual passenger vehicles, but the lengths may vary from fourteen to twenty feet. As the sections can be of any desired height, this garage may be attached to apartment houses and office buildings or be erected independently thereof. A building sixty feet wide, one hundred twenty feet long and one hundred feet high would have three drive ways,
twenty-one elevators and storage space for nearly six hundred automobiles of average wheel base. The lhoods of the vehicles would be under the operators platforms of the elevators. Each stored vehicle would be accessible only from an elevator and could be removed from the garage only through the use of the elevators. As no space is wasted, more vehicles can be stored in a garage of this character than in any other hitherto suggested wherein each vehicle is accessible at all times.
The details of construction and the proportions of the parts may be changed by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of my invention as set forth in the following claims.
I claim l. In a building, a series of superimposed storage bays and horizontally movable platforms therein, an elevator, means to raise and lower the elevatorl to position it opposite any desired bay, means on the elevator to engage and carry a load, and means on the elevator to move the platforms out of the bays under the load and then back into the bay-s.
2. In a building, a series of superimposed storage bays embodying a horizontal track at each end of each bay, a platform for each bay and rollers at the ends thereof adapted to travel on said tracks, an elevator, mea-ns to raise and lower the elevator to position it opposite any desired bay, means on the elevator to engage and carry a load, and means on the elevator to move the platforms out of lthe bays under the load and then back into the bays.
3. In a building, a series of superimposed storage bays and horizontally movable platforms therein, an elevator, means to raise and lower the elevator to position it opposite ary desired bay, means on the elevator to support a load, means to lock the elevator opposite any desired bay, and means on the elevator to move the platforms out of the bays under the loads and then back into the bays.
et. ln a building, a series of superimposed storage bays and horizontally movable plat forms ther-ein, an elevator, guiding means therefor, means to raise and lower the elevator to position it opposite any desired bay, means to lock the elevator opposite any desired bay comprising means on the elevator to engage in recesses in the guiding means, means on the elevator to -support a load, and means on the elevator to move the platforms out of the bays and under the loads and back into the bays.
5. ln a building, a series of sluier-imposed storage bays and platforms therein, an eleva tor, means to raise and lower the elevator to position it opposite .any desired bay, a pair of load receivers carried by the elevator, and means to move said load receivers toward each other under a load, said platforms being movable out of the bays underneath the load and said load receivers being separable to deposit the load on the platforms.
G. ln a building, a series o-f .superimposed storage bays and platforms therein, an elevator, means to raise and lower th-e elevator to position it opposite any desired bay, load supporting` means on the elevator, and means to move a platform from its bay to position beneath the load comprising a chain at each end of the elevator, a notched lever on each end of the platform, .a pin on each chain to engage in the notch of the adjacent lever, and means to actuate the chain to move the platform in either direction.
7. In a building, a .se-ries of superimposed storage bays and platforms therein, an elevator, means to raise and lower the elevator to position it opposite any desired bay, load supporting means on the elevator, a notched lever at each end of the platform, a driving .sprocket wheel and two guiding wheels at each end cf the elevator, a chain passing .around said wheels at each end of the eleva.- tor and having its run between two of the wheels substantially horizontal, a pin on each chain adapted to engage in the notch of an adjacent lever and to move. the lever and platform horizontally into and out of the bay, and mea-ns to actuate said driving sprocket wheel.
8. ln a building, a series of superimposed storage bays and platforms therein horizon- .tally movable into and out of the bays, an
elevator, means to raise and lower the elevator to position it opposite any desired bay, a reversible .shaft rotatable mount-ed at the top of the elevator and having right and left threads, nuts on said threaded portions ,of the shaft, cross bars attached to said nuts .and pairs of vertical bars extending down from each of said cross bars, means to keep the bars vertical, a transverse shaft connecting the lower ends of each pair of vertical bars, a pair of links connected to each transverse shaft, a .second `shaft carried by each pair of links, means to support the links in horizontal position to receive a load on said shafts, and means to swing the links to vertical position when the nuts are at the outer ends of the threaded portions on which they are mounted.
GEORGE JACOBS.
US708632A 1924-04-24 1924-04-24 Garage Expired - Lifetime US1594368A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2598413A (en) * 1950-05-05 1952-05-27 Herbert F Morley Storage building and mechanism for loading same
US2667983A (en) * 1948-10-20 1954-02-02 Roy O Billings Apparatus for handling automobiles
US2727638A (en) * 1954-10-12 1955-12-20 Sestan Arthur Parking structure device
US2769559A (en) * 1952-08-13 1956-11-06 Johnson George Robert Stall type rack
US2847131A (en) * 1950-01-17 1958-08-12 Miller Leona Nell Automobile storage
US2858032A (en) * 1956-08-31 1958-10-28 Herbert F Morley Automobile parking apparatus and parking structures incorporating the same
US4079847A (en) * 1974-03-26 1978-03-21 Uwe Kochanneck Vehicle storage installation with means to transport vehicles
EP0735215A1 (en) * 1995-03-29 1996-10-02 Giken Seisakusho Co. Ltd. Vehicle transferring system
EP0908584A3 (en) * 1997-10-07 2000-03-29 GOSAG Stahl- und Anlagenbau GmbH Garage with several parking floors

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2667983A (en) * 1948-10-20 1954-02-02 Roy O Billings Apparatus for handling automobiles
US2847131A (en) * 1950-01-17 1958-08-12 Miller Leona Nell Automobile storage
US2598413A (en) * 1950-05-05 1952-05-27 Herbert F Morley Storage building and mechanism for loading same
US2769559A (en) * 1952-08-13 1956-11-06 Johnson George Robert Stall type rack
US2727638A (en) * 1954-10-12 1955-12-20 Sestan Arthur Parking structure device
US2858032A (en) * 1956-08-31 1958-10-28 Herbert F Morley Automobile parking apparatus and parking structures incorporating the same
US4079847A (en) * 1974-03-26 1978-03-21 Uwe Kochanneck Vehicle storage installation with means to transport vehicles
EP0735215A1 (en) * 1995-03-29 1996-10-02 Giken Seisakusho Co. Ltd. Vehicle transferring system
EP0908584A3 (en) * 1997-10-07 2000-03-29 GOSAG Stahl- und Anlagenbau GmbH Garage with several parking floors

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