US1579140A - Ball cock - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1579140A
US1579140A US720087A US72008724A US1579140A US 1579140 A US1579140 A US 1579140A US 720087 A US720087 A US 720087A US 72008724 A US72008724 A US 72008724A US 1579140 A US1579140 A US 1579140A
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United States
Prior art keywords
valve
float
casing
ball cock
water
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Expired - Lifetime
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US720087A
Inventor
Phillips Julius
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LUZERNE RUBBER Co
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LUZERNE RUBBER Co
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Priority to US720087A priority Critical patent/US1579140A/en
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Publication of US1579140A publication Critical patent/US1579140A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K47/00Means in valves for absorbing fluid energy, e.g. cushioning of opening or closure movement, eliminating of vibrations of the valve member
    • F16K47/02Means in valves for absorbing fluid energy, e.g. cushioning of opening or closure movement, eliminating of vibrations of the valve member for preventing water-hammer or noise, e.g. for sanitary applications, toilet flush reservoirs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7287Liquid level responsive or maintaining systems
    • Y10T137/7358By float controlled valve
    • Y10T137/7439Float arm operated valve
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7287Liquid level responsive or maintaining systems
    • Y10T137/7358By float controlled valve
    • Y10T137/7439Float arm operated valve
    • Y10T137/7465Assembly mounted on and having reciprocating valve element coaxial with inlet pipe
    • Y10T137/7472Vertical inlet riser

Description

Patented Mar. 30, 192@ UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JULIUS PHILLIPS, OF TRENTON, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR T0 THE LUZERNE EUBBER COMPANY, OF TRENTON, NEW JERSEY, A CORPORATION 0F NEW JERSEY.
BALL COCK.
Application 11i-ed June 14, 1924. Serial No. 720,015?.I
To all whom t may comem:
Be it known that I, JULIUs PHILLIPS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Trenton, in the count of Mercer and State of New Jersey, have invented new and useful Improvements in Ball Cocks, of Iwhich the following is a s eciication.
This invention re ates to ball cocks and proposes the construction of a float controlled valve particularly adapted for admitting water from a pressure supply to a water-closet flush tank.
The principal object of 'the invention is the promotion of silence in the filling of the tank.
Another object of the invention is to form the valve and iloat control of nonmetallic, non-corrosive, sound dampening substance.
Further objects of the invention w1ll appear as the description proceeds.
Figure 1 is a side view of my* improved ball cock, the operating means being shown in both open and closed positions.
Figure 2 is a vertical sectlon through the valve casing.
Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2 taken at a right angle to Figure 2.
Figure 4 is a perspective view of the valve body.
A great deal of thought has been devoted to the endeavor to .solve the problem of making silent the filling and discharge operations of flush tanks such as are connected with modern plumbing systems. The illustrative embodiment of the invention disclosed in the present application relates to the filling mechanism, although the broad principles of the invention l re equally applicable to the discharge means. v
Investigation has shown that the objectionable noise just referred to is caused primarily by the impinging of the supply water under the pressure in the mams against the supply valve and the walls of the valve casing. In the usual metallic construction this noise is communicated to the float through the linkage whlch connects the valve to the fioat, and the latter, being a hollow body, acts as a sound box or resonator augmenting the sound and rendering it disagreeably audible.
The present invention arrlves at a practical solution of this problem by making the valve, the valve casing, linkage between the valve and float, and even the iioat itself, 1f necessary, of sound-dampening substance such as hard rubber.
Referring now in detail to the several figures, the numeral 1 represents the valve caslng formed at its lower end with a threaded nipple or spud 2, the latter being adapted to project through the bottom of the iush tank 3 and to connect with a sou'rce of water under pressure. The valve caslng is provided with a valve seat 4 communicating by way of the conduit 5 with the source of Water supply. A cylindrical valve body 6 is slidably arranged within the valve casing, the lower part of said valve body being formed with a valve head 7 consisting in part of a zone 8 of hard rubber or its equivalent and a terminal portion 9 of soft rubber. portion 9 are integrally formed, their distinguishing characteristics being produced by differences in the process of vulcanization. The terminal portion 9 constitutes the valve proper and co-acts with the valve seat 4. A plug 10'closes the top of the valve casing. Water discharges from the valve casing, when the valve is open, through passages 11 which are downwardly directed to avoid splashing. An elbow 12 is tapped into the side of the valve casing to which is connected the refill tube 12. The parts mentioned, and particularly the valve casing and valve body are made of sound dampening substance such as hard rubber, and as it is upon these parts that The zone 8 and terminal' the entering water impinges, the vibrations ordinarily set'up from this cause are, for the most part, inhibited.
Operating means for the valve body consist of a lever 13, preferably S-shaped and fulcrumed between its ends to the valve casing by means of the pin 14, the latter bein preferably of hard rubber. The lower en of the lever 13 plays within a slot 15 formed in the valve body, and functions to raise or lower the valve. The oat 16 is connected to the lever 13 by means of an arm 17 and said float is angularly adjustable relative to the lever 13 by means of cooperating ratchet faces 1S and 19 formed on the adjacent ends of said lever and arm, which are held together in any position of adjustment by means of the thumb screw 20. The lever 13 and also the arm 17, are
preferably formed of hard rubber or its euivalent so as to dampen the transmlssio'n o such vibrations as are 'not prevented by*EV the construction of the valve body and valve casing. i For Structural reasons 4l have shown the arm 17 as being hollow and pro- Y comprising a valve caslng, a liquld supply vided internally with la metallic stem 2 1, the latter threading into the float 16. Sald stem naturall aects to a slight eatent the eiciency of t e device in so far as its silent o eration is concerned, and may'fbe omitted, i? desired; the rubber portion of the arm 17 being in that case threaded for connection to the float.:
While the float itself may be of metal I have preferred .to makefit, too, of hard rubber, both on account of 1ts non-corrosive property, and Afor the enhancement of the noiselessoperation of the filling mechamsm..Y f Y.
It is to beunderstood that the invention g is not restricted 'to the detailed construction of the Ymechanism but contemplates the broad rinciple of sound inhibition, wherefore I do not restrict myself to the particular constructien here; disclosed, but only by the terms of the claims and the state of the prior art.
Having described by invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. A ball cock for water closet Hush tanks comprisin a valve, a float for controlling the operation of said Valve and an operating connection between said float and Valve constituted of rigid members at least one of which is made or' sound dampening substance.
2. A ball cock for water closet iush tanks comprising a valve, a hollow float for controlling the operation of said valve, and an operating connection between said oat and valve constituted .of rigid members at least one of which is made of sounddampen ing substance. 3. A ball cock for Water closetl Hush tanks comprising a valve casing, a valve operable therein for controlling a liquid supply conduit opening within said casing, a hollow valve easing being made o .ing substance.
ioat or controlling the operation of said valve, and rigid connecting members betweensaid ioat and valve 'said valve and i sound dampen= 4. A ball cock for water closet flush tanks conduit opening within said casln a va ve operableY in the casing for contro lineP said conduitfsaid valve comprising hard and soft portions of sound dampening substance, integrally formed, the soft portion co-acting Wlth a seat on the wall of said conduit. Y
5. A ball cock for water closet flush tanks comprising a valve casing, a liquid sup ly conduit opening within said casing, a va ve operable in the casing for controlling said conduit, said valvecomprising hard and soft portlons of sound dampening zsubstance, integrally formed, the soft portion co-acting with a seat on the wall of said conduit, a hollow float for controlling the o eration of said valve and operating connections between said ioat and valve constituted of rigid members. n l
(i. A ball ceck for water closet iiush tanks cainprising a valve casing, a valve o erable therein for controlling a liquid supp y conduit opening within said casing, ahollow oat for controlling the operation of said valve, and rigid connecting members between said float and valve, said Valve, valve casing, float, and connections being made of sound dampening substance.
7. In a ball cock a hollow hard rubber float and a stem therefor, said stem being made at least in part of hard rubber.
8. In a ball cock a hollow float, a stem therefor, said oat and stem being made of non-metallic, sound dampening substance and a metallic reenforcement extending longitndinally within said stem and intersecting ghe line of juncture between said stem and oat.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand.
J-ULIUS PHILLIPS.
US720087A 1924-06-14 1924-06-14 Ball cock Expired - Lifetime US1579140A (en)

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2449474A (en) * 1945-02-23 1948-09-14 Elmer L Halverson Automatic water valve
US2471285A (en) * 1944-11-08 1949-05-24 David Y Rice Valve
US2493650A (en) * 1946-03-01 1950-01-03 Baker Oil Tools Inc Valve device for well conduits
US2661019A (en) * 1950-04-27 1953-12-01 Thompson Prod Inc Automatic venting drum cap and valve assembly
US2701119A (en) * 1951-12-12 1955-02-01 Mansfield Sanitary Pottery Inc Ball cock valve
US2715415A (en) * 1950-06-09 1955-08-16 Leslie W Nuckolis High pressure float valve
US2760516A (en) * 1950-02-27 1956-08-28 Fogg Clifford Cyril Float operated valves
US2867238A (en) * 1952-07-18 1959-01-06 Daimler Benz Ag Rotary distributing valve for a motor vehicle heating and ventilating system
US2955672A (en) * 1956-09-13 1960-10-11 Samuel M Kass Flush tank inlet valve
US2989283A (en) * 1952-05-23 1961-06-20 Karl A Klingler Self-sealing valves
US3197174A (en) * 1961-12-04 1965-07-27 Pratt Co Henry Resilient adjustable valve seat for butterfly valves
US3233861A (en) * 1961-10-10 1966-02-08 Keystone Valve Corp Butterfly valve having reinforced seat structure
US3241806A (en) * 1963-04-02 1966-03-22 Keystone Valve Corp Disc valve having plastic layer on resilient seating surface
US4757837A (en) * 1986-07-17 1988-07-19 Compagnie Parisienne De Chauffage Urbain Separating valve for discharging the liquid phase of a two-phase fluid
US4796650A (en) * 1987-12-01 1989-01-10 Hwang Biing Yih Structure for a float valve assembly
US6142175A (en) * 1999-06-09 2000-11-07 Ku; Chin-Kuang Structure of a floating-ball valve
US20110197976A1 (en) * 2007-11-13 2011-08-18 Bermad Cs Ltd. Standpipe direct float valve
US20160076703A1 (en) * 2014-09-17 2016-03-17 Kane Kougyou Co., Ltd. Ball tap

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2471285A (en) * 1944-11-08 1949-05-24 David Y Rice Valve
US2449474A (en) * 1945-02-23 1948-09-14 Elmer L Halverson Automatic water valve
US2493650A (en) * 1946-03-01 1950-01-03 Baker Oil Tools Inc Valve device for well conduits
US2760516A (en) * 1950-02-27 1956-08-28 Fogg Clifford Cyril Float operated valves
US2661019A (en) * 1950-04-27 1953-12-01 Thompson Prod Inc Automatic venting drum cap and valve assembly
US2715415A (en) * 1950-06-09 1955-08-16 Leslie W Nuckolis High pressure float valve
US2701119A (en) * 1951-12-12 1955-02-01 Mansfield Sanitary Pottery Inc Ball cock valve
US2989283A (en) * 1952-05-23 1961-06-20 Karl A Klingler Self-sealing valves
US2867238A (en) * 1952-07-18 1959-01-06 Daimler Benz Ag Rotary distributing valve for a motor vehicle heating and ventilating system
US2955672A (en) * 1956-09-13 1960-10-11 Samuel M Kass Flush tank inlet valve
US3233861A (en) * 1961-10-10 1966-02-08 Keystone Valve Corp Butterfly valve having reinforced seat structure
US3197174A (en) * 1961-12-04 1965-07-27 Pratt Co Henry Resilient adjustable valve seat for butterfly valves
US3241806A (en) * 1963-04-02 1966-03-22 Keystone Valve Corp Disc valve having plastic layer on resilient seating surface
US4757837A (en) * 1986-07-17 1988-07-19 Compagnie Parisienne De Chauffage Urbain Separating valve for discharging the liquid phase of a two-phase fluid
US4796650A (en) * 1987-12-01 1989-01-10 Hwang Biing Yih Structure for a float valve assembly
US6142175A (en) * 1999-06-09 2000-11-07 Ku; Chin-Kuang Structure of a floating-ball valve
US20110197976A1 (en) * 2007-11-13 2011-08-18 Bermad Cs Ltd. Standpipe direct float valve
US20160076703A1 (en) * 2014-09-17 2016-03-17 Kane Kougyou Co., Ltd. Ball tap
US9695987B2 (en) * 2014-09-17 2017-07-04 Kane Kougyou Co., Ltd. Ball tap
TWI632318B (en) * 2014-09-17 2018-08-11 兼工業股份有限公司 Float hydrant

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