US1545638A - Automatic speed regulation - Google Patents

Automatic speed regulation Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1545638A
US1545638A US611016A US61101623A US1545638A US 1545638 A US1545638 A US 1545638A US 611016 A US611016 A US 611016A US 61101623 A US61101623 A US 61101623A US 1545638 A US1545638 A US 1545638A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
machines
valve
variable
means
speed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US611016A
Inventor
Harry C Clay
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
REEVES PULLEY Co
Original Assignee
REEVES PULLEY CO
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by REEVES PULLEY CO filed Critical REEVES PULLEY CO
Priority to US611016A priority Critical patent/US1545638A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1545638A publication Critical patent/US1545638A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F7/00Other details of machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • D21F7/02Mechanical driving arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/19Gearing
    • Y10T74/1956Adjustable

Description

July 14, 1925.

H. C. CLAY AUTOMATIC SPEED REGULATION Filed Jan. 6, 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 'INVENTOR far/2 61674 BY FE ATTOEY Patented July '14, 1925.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

HARRY C. CLAY, OF COLUMBUS, INDIANA, ASSIGNOR T REEVES .PULLEY COMPANY, OF COLUMBUS, INDIANA, A CORPORATION OF INDIANA.

AUTOMATIC SPEED REGULATION.

Application filed January 6, 1923. Serial No. 611,016.

Columbus, in the county of Bartholomew and State pf Indiana, have invented a new and useful Automatic Speed Regulation,

of which the following is a specification.

In many manufacturing operations, par ticularly in connection with the textile and ,/l 0'pa-per- -arts; the-materia"l being operated on passes from one machine to another, and it 1s necessary to maintain the machmes n proper synchronism with respect .to the travel of the material going through them.

As stated, this is especially the case with textile and paper niachinery whercdabrie.

or paper after treatment in one machine passes in acontinuous strip to another machine, so that difli'erent parts of the same strip are being acted on by a plurality of machines; and the difficulty is further increased in such machinery by the stretch and shrink of the fabric or paper under different conditions of operation.

It is the object of my present invention to time automatically relatively to each other twomachines through Which material, especially textile material or paper,

travels in series; and to control these rela-' tive speeds automatically by the amount of material, as by the length of the bight of the strip of material, between the two machines. V r

In accomplishing this result broadly speaking, I drive one of the tw6"'machines through a mechanism, ,and shift this variable-speed mechanism by a power-operated device which is controlled primarily by the length of the bight of the material between the-two machines, in the case of textile machinery, and secondarily by the position of the variable-speed transmission mechanism.

The accompanying drawings illustrate my invention: Fig. 1 is a side elevation of,

a transmission and control mechanism em-' bodying my invention, showing fragments of two associated machines, and with the transmission mechanism interconnecting such two machines; Fi 2 is abottom plan of the variable-speed evice shown in Fig. 3 is an enlarged horizontal section onthe line 3-3 of Fig. 1, showing the vertically shiftable roller between the two machines, and its associated mechanism; F1g.

variable-speed transmission.

4 is a bottom view of the fluid-pressure mechanism shown in Fig. 1; and Fig. 5 is an enlar ed central vertical section through such fluid-pressure mechanism.

The two machines A and B which it is 60 desired to synchronize ma be machines of any desired type; but my invention is especially intended for synchronizing textile and paper machinery whereina plurality ofmachines act successively on a single strip of 65 fabric passing in series through such machines, and I have indicated fragments of such machines in Figs. 1 and 3. The fabric or paper strip travels in the direction of the arrow from the terminalroller 11 of the 7 machine A to the initial roller 12 of the machine B, and the timing is controlled by the length of such strip between the two rollersolj and 12.-

To this end, thestrip 10 between the two rollers. 11 and 12 passes over two guide/ rollers 13 and 14 and under a floating roller 15 suspended in the bight of the strip 10 between the two guide rollers 13 and 14. The floating roller 15 is supported in end bearings 16 which are slidable in vertical guide-ways 17; and the two slidable bearings 16 extend downward from the two ends of a cross-bar 18 hung from a cord 19 which passes directly upward therefrom over a .pulley20 and then horizontally to, and over a pulley 22 to a' counterweight 23 which holds the cord tight without interfering with the operation thereof by the weight of the roller 15.

The cord 19 between the two pulleys 20 and 22 is attached to a lever 25, which is pivotallymounted on a cross-head 26 on a piston rod 27 of a piston 28 movable in a cylinder 29. The movements of the cross-head 26 control a variable-speed mechanism as hereinafter explained, to govern the relative speeds of t e machines A and B. The two ends of the cylinder 29 are. connected by conduits 30 and 31, each of which includes a flexible tube, to ports in a valve-box 32, whichhas a pressure space 33 supplied with fluid under pressure through a supply pipe 34, and also has an exhaust space 35 connected to a waste pipe 36. ,A sliding valve 37 is mounted in the valve-box 32, and when in intermediate position in the valve-box shuts off both conduits 30 and 31 from both the pressure space 33 and the exhaust space 35. When the valve'37 is moved in one diwith respect to the cross-head 26 and is in neutral position only when the lever 25 is in a predetermined angular position, such as vertical. The valve-box 32 is mounted on a sliding rod 39 fixed to the cross-head 26, so that the valve-box 32 moves with such cross-head.

The variable-speed mechanism controlled by the movements of the piston 28 is in the driving transmission for one of the machines A and B of the machine B as shown. It may" receive power from any suitable source, being shown as receiving it from the other machine, the machine A, so that it interconnects the two machines A and B but this drive of one machine from the other, though desirable, is not essential to my invention.

and 49, and 48 and 50,'respectively; and are arranged to shift the two disks 47 and 48 toward each; other while they permit the disks 49 and to separate from each other,

and vice versa. This type of variable-speed transmission, as so far described, is a standard type of transmission.

To control the transmission, a shifting shaft is mounted in an extension from one end of the frame 46, perpendicular to the common plane of the shafts 40 and 43. On one end of the shifting shaft 55 is an operating arm 56, connected by a link 57 to the cross-head 26. Preferably the link 57 may be adjustably connected to the'operating arm 56 at a plurality of points along such operating arm, to adjust the relative movements of the shifting shaft 55 and the piston 28. On the other end shaft 55 is a cross-arm 58. Qne of each ,air' of shifting levers '53 and 54 is extende at. the end toward the shifting shaft 55,- and these extended ends 53' and 54' areconnected to the two ends of the cross-arm 58 by links 59 and respectively. The extended end 53 is longer than the extended end 54, as is The variable-speed mechanism hasan in 1 f m Fig '2; d th ti l coming-power shaft 40, shown connected by a belt 41 and suitable pulle s to a shaft 42 of the machine A, which sha 42 is shown as 7 also carrying the terminal r,ol-ler 11 of such m'achine and it-alse'h asan outgoing-power shaft 43 connected by a belt 44 and suitable pulleys to a shaft 45 of the driven machine, .the machine B, which shaft 45 is shown as also carrying the initial roller 12' of such machine. The showing of how the shafts 40 and 43 are connected to the machines A and B respectively is merely illustrative.

The two shafts 40and 43 are mounted in a common frame 46. Each shaft 40 and 43 has splined thereon two disks, 47 and 48, and 49 and 50, respectively, the adjacent faces of each pair of disks being oppositely and equally conical to cooperate with the oblique ends of the cross-bars 51 of an endless driving belt 52 which interconnects the two pulleys formed by such two pairs of disks. The effective diametersof these two pulleys are varied inversely, by shifting the disks of one pair, say 47 and 48, towardeachfother to force. radially outward the cross-bars co-operating therewith while the disks of. the other separated to permit the cross-bars 51 cooperating therewith to come radially inward closer to the'*axis, and vice versa. This shifting of the disks 47, 48, 49, and 50 is obtained by pairs of shifting levers 53 and 54, suitably swung between the shafts 40 and 43 on suitable axes transverse to the common plane of such two shafts, one of each pair being above and one below such shaft plane. The pairs of shifting levers 53 and 54 act in any suitable way on the disks 47 air, say 49 and 50, arethe piston 28 itself.

of the shifting bent toward each other, so that the/severa pivot points of each .shif tinglever are substantially in line. Further, for the middle position shown where the speed-ratio of the variable-speed transmission is 1 to 1, the cross-arm 58 is parallel to the pivot lines of the shifting levers, and the links 59 and 60 are perpendicular .or nearly so to the cross-arm, all as indicated in Fig. 2. As a result of this, a movement of the shifting shaft 55 shifts the disks 47 and 48 oppositely and very nearly equally .along the shaft 40, and at the same time shifts the disks 49 and 50 oppositely and very nearly equally along the shaft 43. This substantially avoids any tendency to twist the belt 52 or bend it edgewise, and greatly increases the life of the belt.

The movement of the shifting shaft 55 is merely a rocking movement, from a maxi mum speed to a minimum speed of the shaft 45 with relation to the speed of the shaft 42. This rocking movement of the shifting shaft is obtained by the movements of the piston 28; and such movements are controlled by-the position of the valve 37 in its valve box 32; and such position is controlled jointly by the vertical movements of the roller 15 and by the movements of In operation, the machine A is driven in any suitable manner and the macliine'B is driven through the. variable-speed mechanism above described, from the machine A as shown. The s shownisin accordance with the length of the bight of the strip of fabric or paper in which ,the roller 15 hangs. If for any reason'the speed of the ma-ichine B is relatively'too slow, as compared to that of the machine A, the bight in which the roller 15 hangs is lengthened, which lowers such roller 15 so that the lower end of the lever 25 is swung from its neutral or vertical position toward the right, as indicated in Fig. 5. This shifts the valve 37 to the right in the valve-box 32, to connect the conduit 30 to the pressure space 33, and the conduit 31 to .theexhaust space 35, so that the fluid under pressure supplied from the pipe 34 is admitted to the left-hand end of the cylinder 29 to force the piston 28 and crosshead 26 also toward the right. This movement of the piston 28 has two effects. First, it shifts the operating arm 56, in a counterclockwise direction in Fig. 4, to shift the disks 49 and 50 further apart and the disks 47 andr48 closer together; which increases the-speed of the shaft 43 with relation: to that of the shaft 40, and thereby speeds up the machine B with relation to the machine A, so that the lengthening of the bight supporting the roller 15 will cease. Second, it shifts the valve-box 32 and the upper end of the lever 25 .to the right, thereby to return the-lever 25 to itsneutral or vertical position, and to produce a relative shifting of the valve 37 to the left (though an actual shifting to the right) to close again the ports of the conduits 30 and 31, and 'thus to shut off the supply of fluid under pressure to the-cylinder 29; which shutting off occurs when the upper end of the lever 25 has caught up with the lower end thereof, so that the normal position of such lever with respect to the cross-head 26 is restored.

If the speed of the machine B is too great with respect to that of the machin A, the bight supporting the roller 15 is shortened, and the roller-'15 is. lifted, and the counterweight 23 shifts the lower end of the lever 25 from its neutral position toward the left. This shifts the valve 37 to admit -fluid under pressure to the right-hand end of the cylinder} 29, tomove the piston 28 and crosshead 26 also to the left.- This movement to the left of the cross-head 26 produces first,

peed of the machine Bis varied in relation. to that of the machine B relative tothe machine A; and second,-a.

.29 and a stoppage of the movement of the piston 28 when by such movement the lever 25 with respect to thecross-head 26 is restored to its neutral or vertical position.

In this way, the speeds of the machines A and B are maintained in proper relation. to each other, to maintain the. pro-per amount'o-f material, or the proper length of fabric or paper strip 10, between the two machines, so that such-material or strip will neither accumulate too greatly nor be reduced to too small a value, with a resultant rupturing of the fabric strip.

I claim as my inventionf 1. In combination, two machines arranged to operate on the same material in series, a variable-speed mechanism through which one of said two machines is driven, poweroperated means for operating said variablespeed mechanism to vary the relative speeds operated means for operating said variablespeed mechanism to vary the relative speeds of said two machines, control means for controlling the supply of power to said poweroperated means, and means for governing said control means by the accumulation of material between the two machines.

3. In combmation, two machines arranged to operate on the same material in series, a

variable-speed mechanism through which one of said two'machines is driven, poweroperated means for operating said variablespeed mechanism to vary the relative speeds of saidtwo machines, control means for controlling the supply of power to said poweroperated means, and means for governingsaid control means jointly by the accumulation of material between the two machines and by the position of said power-operated means. I

4. In combination, two machines arranged to operate on the same material in: series, a variable-speed mechanism through which one of said two machines is driven, power .operated means for operating said variablespeed mechanism to vary the relative speeds of said two machines, control means for controlling the supply of power to said poweroperated means, said control means comprising two movable members,v and means for moving one of said movable members in accordance with the accumulation of material between the two machines and for moving the other of said two' members by the movements of said power-operated means.

5. In combination, two machines arranged to operate on the same material in series, a variable-speed mechanism through which one of'said two machines is driven, poweroperated means for operating said variablespeed mechanism to vary the relative speeds of said two machines, control means for controlling the supply of power to-said poweroperated means, said control means comprising two relatively movable members, and means for producing a relative movement of said two members by the accumulation of material between the two machines and for producing the reverserelative movement of said two members by the movement of said power-operated means which is produced in response to the first-named relative movement.

6. In combination, two machines arranged to operate on the same material in series, a variable-speed mechanism through which one of said two machines is driven, a fluidpressure-operated device for operating said variable-speed mechanism, a valve for controlling said fluid-pressure-operated device, and means for controlling said valve by the accumulation of material between the two machines.

' 7. In combination, two machines arranged to operate on the same material in series, a variable-speed mechanism through which one of said two machines is driven, a fluidpressure operated device for operating said variable-speed mechanism, a valve for controlling said fluid-pressure-operated device, and means'for controlling said valve jointly by the accumulation of material between the two machines and by the-position of said fluidressure-operated device.

8. Iii combination, two machines arranged to operate on the same material in series, a variable-speed mechanism through which one of said two machines is driven, a fluidpressure operated device for operating said variable-speed mechanism, a valve for controlling said fluid-pressure-operated device,

said valve comprising two movable members, means for moving one of said valve members by the accumulation of material between the two machines, and means for moving the other of said valvemembers by the movement of said fiuid-pressure-operated device.

' 9. In combination, two machines arranged to operate on the same material in series, a variable-speed mechanism through which one of said two machines is driven, a fluidpressure-operated device for operating said variable-speed mechanism, a valve for con-' trolling said fluid-pressure-operated device, said valve comprising two relatively movnamed relative movement.

produce an operation of said fluid-pressureoperated device and for producing a reverse relative movementbetween-said two valve members by the operation of said fluid-pres sure-operated device caused by the first- 10. In combination, two machines operating on the same stri of material in series, said strip being arranged in a bight between the 'two machines, a control member arranged to be carried in said bight and to be movableby the lengthening and shortening of the bight, a variable-speed mechanism through which one of said two machines is driven, and means forv controlling said variable-speed mechanism by the movements of said control member.

11. In combination, two machines operating on the same strip of material in series, said strip being arranged in a bightbetween the two machines, a control member arrangedto be carried in said bight and to be movable by the lengthening and shortening of the bight, a variable-speed mechanism through which one of said two machines is driven, and means for controlling said variable-speed mechanism jointly by the vertical movements of said control members and by .the condition of saidvariable-speed mechanlsm.

12. The mechanism set forth in each of claims 1 to 12 inclusive, in which the material operated on by the machines travels'in a strip from one of the machines to the. other, in combination. with means for forming a bight in the intermediate section of the strip between the two machines, a control member hung in said bight and movable transverselyof its axis by the lengtheningand shortening of the bight, and means operated by said movements of said control member-for producing the control in response'to the accumulation of material between the two machines. V

13. In combination, a two machines arranged to operate on the same material in series, a variable-speed mechanism through tionto restore the normal relatlon between 3 .variable-speed mechanism to vary the relative speeds of said two machines, control means for eontrolling'the supply ofepower said power-operated means, said control means comprising two movable members, and means for moving one of said movable members in one direction or the other according as the accumulation of material between the two machines increases ordecreases, respectively, and for subsequently moving the other member in thesame direction to restore the normal relation between said two members.

1 5. In combination, two machines arranged to operate on the same material in series, a variable-speed mechanismthrough which one of said two machines is driven, a fluid-pressure-operated device for operatmg said variable-speed mechanism, a valve for controlling said fluid-pressure-operated device, said valve comprising two movable members, means for moving one of said valve members in one direction or the other according as the accumulation, of material between the two machines increases or de creases respectively and for subsequently moving the other valve member in the same direction to restore the normal relation be- I tween said two valve members by the operation of said fluid-pressure-operated device.

16. In combination, two machines arranged to operate on the samematerial in series, a variable-speed mechanism through which one of said two machines is driven, a

fluid-pressure-operated device for operating.

said variable-speed mechanism, a valve for controlling sa1d flu1d-pressure-operated device, said valve comprlsing two movable members, means for moving one-01? said valve members in one direction or the other according as the accumulation of material between the two machines increases or decreases respectively, and for subsequently moving the other valve member in the same direction to restore the normal relation between sa1d two valve members.

17. In combination, a power-operated device, control means therefor, said control means comprising 'two movable members, and means for movin one of saidmovable members in onedirectmn or the other in accordance with variationsin a determining quantity andi-ifor subsequently moving the other member in the same direction to restore the normal relation between sa1d two members.

,18. In combination, a power-operated device, control means therefor, said control means comprising two movable members, and means for moving one of said movable members in one direction or the other in accordance with variations in a determining quantity and for subsequently moving the other member in the same direction to restore the normal relation between said two members by the operation of said power-operated device.

19. In combination, a fluid-pressure-operated device, a valve for controlling it, said valve comprising two movable members, means for moving one of said valve members in one direction or the other in accordance with variations in a determining quantity and for subsequently-moving the other valve member in the-same direction to restore the normal relation between said two valve members.

- 20. In combinatiqza, a. fluid-pressure-oper-- ated device, a valve for controlling it, said "valve comprising two movable members,

means for moving one of said valve members in one direction or the other in accordance with variations in a determining quantity and for subsequently moving the other valve member in the same direction to restore the normal relation between said two valve members by the operation of said fluid-pressureoperated device.

US611016A 1923-01-06 1923-01-06 Automatic speed regulation Expired - Lifetime US1545638A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US611016A US1545638A (en) 1923-01-06 1923-01-06 Automatic speed regulation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US611016A US1545638A (en) 1923-01-06 1923-01-06 Automatic speed regulation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1545638A true US1545638A (en) 1925-07-14

Family

ID=24447278

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US611016A Expired - Lifetime US1545638A (en) 1923-01-06 1923-01-06 Automatic speed regulation

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1545638A (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2421272A (en) * 1944-11-18 1947-05-27 Gerald T Shipman Papermaking apparatus
US2427943A (en) * 1939-05-18 1947-09-23 Samcoe Holding Corp Apparatus for feeding and drying fabrics
US2440159A (en) * 1944-02-26 1948-04-20 American Viscose Corp Apparatus for drying thread by conduction
US2613078A (en) * 1950-08-01 1952-10-07 Herbert W Link Apparatus for maintaining load on lengthwise moving workpieces
US2646778A (en) * 1949-06-23 1953-07-28 M S Bowne Fluid operated control system
US2744492A (en) * 1954-02-08 1956-05-08 Minnesota & Ontario Paper Co Roller speed indicating means for paper coating machines
US2810296A (en) * 1954-03-25 1957-10-22 Shuford Mills Inc Variable speed drive
US2852860A (en) * 1955-05-18 1958-09-23 Stickle Steam Specialties Comp Automatic steam control for paper machines
US2890653A (en) * 1955-03-30 1959-06-16 Jerome R Share Rotary printing press for continuous metal strip
US2971684A (en) * 1958-02-28 1961-02-14 Huck Company Scaning device for moving webs
US3094320A (en) * 1957-12-20 1963-06-18 William F Huck Multiple web collating and folding apparatus
US3270673A (en) * 1961-07-14 1966-09-06 Harry L Peterson Fluid pressure system and control means thereof
US3807248A (en) * 1972-05-22 1974-04-30 R Hooper Variable speed drive control

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2427943A (en) * 1939-05-18 1947-09-23 Samcoe Holding Corp Apparatus for feeding and drying fabrics
US2440159A (en) * 1944-02-26 1948-04-20 American Viscose Corp Apparatus for drying thread by conduction
US2421272A (en) * 1944-11-18 1947-05-27 Gerald T Shipman Papermaking apparatus
US2646778A (en) * 1949-06-23 1953-07-28 M S Bowne Fluid operated control system
US2613078A (en) * 1950-08-01 1952-10-07 Herbert W Link Apparatus for maintaining load on lengthwise moving workpieces
US2744492A (en) * 1954-02-08 1956-05-08 Minnesota & Ontario Paper Co Roller speed indicating means for paper coating machines
US2810296A (en) * 1954-03-25 1957-10-22 Shuford Mills Inc Variable speed drive
US2890653A (en) * 1955-03-30 1959-06-16 Jerome R Share Rotary printing press for continuous metal strip
US2852860A (en) * 1955-05-18 1958-09-23 Stickle Steam Specialties Comp Automatic steam control for paper machines
US3094320A (en) * 1957-12-20 1963-06-18 William F Huck Multiple web collating and folding apparatus
US2971684A (en) * 1958-02-28 1961-02-14 Huck Company Scaning device for moving webs
US3270673A (en) * 1961-07-14 1966-09-06 Harry L Peterson Fluid pressure system and control means thereof
US3807248A (en) * 1972-05-22 1974-04-30 R Hooper Variable speed drive control

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3355349A (en) Apparatus for conveying lead strip from driers to calenders in paper-making
US2171741A (en) Apparatus for synchronizing machines for handling tubular fabric
US4515052A (en) Automatic slitter
US1673521A (en) Control device
US2907450A (en) Tensioning mechanism for endless webs
US2300982A (en) Decating machine
US3616502A (en) Apparatus for treating of tubular fabrics
US2135668A (en) Spooling machine
US4014740A (en) Structure for transferring a web from the press section to the drying section of a paper machine
US4495712A (en) Paper making machine dryer section drive
US2534686A (en) Web position controlling device for web material treating machines
US2991657A (en) Arrangement for producing a rotary and wobbling movement of a part through the agency of an invertible kinematic chain
US2484473A (en) Paper machinery
US2736508A (en) Winding machine for paper rolls
US3381868A (en) Drive for devices treating movable lengths of materials
US3338493A (en) Driving arrangement having primary and supplementary motor means for driving trains of mechanism, especially web material mechanism
US2332104A (en) Apparatus to control the flow of goods
US2521413A (en) Web tension control means
US2210880A (en) Film processing machine
US2250572A (en) Fabric tearing machine
US2884893A (en) Textile treating apparatus
US4495711A (en) Dryer section drive arrangement for paper making machines
US2334058A (en) Warp knitting machine
US1715119A (en) Sewing machine
US2034346A (en) Combination dough brake and flat dough molder