US1542353A - Internal-combustion-engine attachment - Google Patents

Internal-combustion-engine attachment Download PDF

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Publication number
US1542353A
US1542353A US629629A US62962923A US1542353A US 1542353 A US1542353 A US 1542353A US 629629 A US629629 A US 629629A US 62962923 A US62962923 A US 62962923A US 1542353 A US1542353 A US 1542353A
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receptacle
internal
engine
internal combustion
combustion
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US629629A
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James R Ash
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M1/00Carburettors with means for facilitating engine's starting or its idling below operational temperatures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M2700/00Supplying, feeding or preparing air, fuel, fuel air mixtures or auxiliary fluids for a combustion engine; Use of exhaust gas; Compressors for piston engines
    • F02M2700/43Arrangements for supplying air, fuel or auxiliary fluids to a combustion space of mixture compressing engines working with liquid fuel
    • F02M2700/4302Arrangements for supplying air, fuel or auxiliary fluids to a combustion space of mixture compressing engines working with liquid fuel whereby air and fuel are sucked into the mixture conduit
    • F02M2700/4321Arrangements for supplying air, fuel or auxiliary fluids to a combustion space of mixture compressing engines working with liquid fuel whereby air and fuel are sucked into the mixture conduit working with fuel and admission of auxiliary fluids such as water, anti-knock agents, hydrogen, ozone or the like

Definitions

  • the invention contemplates a chamber having communication with the internal combustion engine cooling system and the intake manifold of the engine whereby to conduct vapor or steam from the cooling system into the engine cylinders thereby eliminating carbon deposits from the cylinders.
  • Still another object of the invention is to provide a device of this character having a sediment trap to catch any sediment from the internal combustion engine cooling system and retain the same against being drawn into the engine cylinders.
  • Another object of my invention is to pro vide a device of this type that can be associated with any type of internal combustion engine now in use and can be installed thereon by the average person and when in use will reduce the consum tion of fuel to a minimum and increase t e power of the engine to a maximum degree.
  • igure 2 is a vertical sectional view of the same taken on ⁇ line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
  • Figure 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken on line'33 of Fig. 2 showing the.
  • FIG. 4 is a detail view showing the T- pipe in top plan.
  • My invention comprises a cylindrical receptacle 8 having aconical bottom 9 formed w1th a threaded nipple 10 having threaded Extending through one side of the receptacle 8 is an L-sl1aped ipe 15 havin its vertical leg arranged in t 1e center of 1; 1e receptacle -8 and supported therein by a suitable brace 16 carried by the inner wall of the receptacle 8 and directly above and in close proximity to the upper end of the trap 11.
  • the horizontal arm of this pipe terminates in a substantially T-shaped head 17 forming an air inlet dis osed in close proximity to the exhaust manifold 14 of the internal combustion engine by means of a supporting plate 17' and adapted to conduct heated gases or air from the atmosphere into the receptacle 8.
  • a substantially T-shaped head 17 forming an air inlet dis osed in close proximity to the exhaust manifold 14 of the internal combustion engine by means of a supporting plate 17' and adapted to conduct heated gases or air from the atmosphere into the receptacle 8.
  • the radiator Leading from. the internal combustion engine cooling system and pref erably the radiator at a point where the upper end of the overflow pipe 18 is usually arranged and having its other end extended through the receptacle 8 and disposed within the collar 10 to conduct water into the trap 11.
  • the water contained in the trap 11 is vaporized by the hot air from the pipe 15.
  • the top of the receptacle 8 is rovide'd with a conical top or cover 19 whic is provided with a centrally dis osed elbow 20* forcommunication with t e receptacle 8 for the purpose hereinafter to be more fully described.
  • the free end of the elbow 20 is fitted to one end of a-flexible hose or tube 21 which is connected at its opposite end to the carburetor 7.
  • a pet cock 22 may be provided in the bottom of the carburetor? for the purpose of draining the same whenever necessary to remove any foreign matter which has collected therein.
  • An attachment for internal combustion engines comprising a receptacle pro vided with a threaded collar at its lower end, a jar adapted to contain water and having its neck threadedly engaged with the collar, a conduit leading into the receptacle and adapted to have one end arranged in close proximity to the exhaust manifold of an internal combustion engine whereby to conduct hot air into the receptacle and vaporize water contained in the jar, and an outlet leading from the receptacle and adapted to be arranged in communication with a carburetor to supply vaporized products thereto.

Description

June .l6, 1925.
J. R. ASH
INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE ATTACHMENT Fi'led April 3, 1923 ll Ill,
ioli W I I I J shaped head of the inlet Patented June 16, 1925.
UNITED; STATES v 1,542,353 PATENT OFFICE.
nuns 12. ASE, oreuvs MILLS; PENNSYLVANIA.
INTEBNAIrCOMBUSTION-ENGINE ATTACHMENT.
Application filed A r l a, 1923. Serial No. 629,629.
To all whom it may concern.
Beitknown that I, JAMES R. AsH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Guys Mills, in the county of Crawford and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Internal-Combustion-Engine Attachments, of which the following is a specification.
The invention contemplates a chamber having communication with the internal combustion engine cooling system and the intake manifold of the engine whereby to conduct vapor or steam from the cooling system into the engine cylinders thereby eliminating carbon deposits from the cylinders.
Still another object of the invention is to provide a device of this character having a sediment trap to catch any sediment from the internal combustion engine cooling system and retain the same against being drawn into the engine cylinders.
Another object of my invention is to pro vide a device of this type that can be associated with any type of internal combustion engine now in use and can be installed thereon by the average person and when in use will reduce the consum tion of fuel to a minimum and increase t e power of the engine to a maximum degree.
With the preceding and other objects and advantages in mind, the invention consists in the novel combination of elements, constructions and arrangements of parts and operations to be hereinafter specifically referred to, claimed and illustrated in the accompanylng drawings wherein Figure'l is a side elevation of my attachment associated with an internal combustion en ine.
igure 2 is a vertical sectional view of the same taken on\line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Figure 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken on line'33 of Fig. 2 showing the.
L-jshaped pipe in elevation.
Figure 4.- is a detail view showing the T- pipe in top plan.
Referring in detail to t e drawing wherein corresponding characters of reference denote corresponding parts throughout the several views, the numeral 5 denotes aconventional internal combustionengine having the usual intake -manifold.6 and a carburetor 7 I My invention comprises a cylindrical receptacle 8 having aconical bottom 9 formed w1th a threaded nipple 10 having threaded Extending through one side of the receptacle 8 is an L-sl1aped ipe 15 havin its vertical leg arranged in t 1e center of 1; 1e receptacle -8 and supported therein by a suitable brace 16 carried by the inner wall of the receptacle 8 and directly above and in close proximity to the upper end of the trap 11. The horizontal arm of this pipe terminates in a substantially T-shaped head 17 forming an air inlet dis osed in close proximity to the exhaust manifold 14 of the internal combustion engine by means of a supporting plate 17' and adapted to conduct heated gases or air from the atmosphere into the receptacle 8. Leading from. the internal combustion engine cooling system and pref erably the radiator at a point where the upper end of the overflow pipe 18 is usually arranged and having its other end extended through the receptacle 8 and disposed within the collar 10 to conduct water into the trap 11. The water contained in the trap 11 is vaporized by the hot air from the pipe 15.
The top of the receptacle 8 is rovide'd with a conical top or cover 19 whic is provided with a centrally dis osed elbow 20* forcommunication with t e receptacle 8 for the purpose hereinafter to be more fully described. The free end of the elbow 20 is fitted to one end of a-flexible hose or tube 21 which is connected at its opposite end to the carburetor 7.
It will be thus obvious that the operation of the engine will create a vacuum in the cylinder 8 which in turn draws the vapor .15 into the receptacle 8 will be vaporized and conducted into the intake manifold of the engine. Also any sediment that may be contained in the water carried from the radiator by the pipe 18 will be deposited in this trap 11 and settle in the bottom thereof.
A pet cock 22 may be provided in the bottom of the carburetor? for the purpose of draining the same whenever necessary to remove any foreign matter which has collected therein.
From the foregoing description of the construction of my improved apparatus,'it will be seen that I have provided a simple, inexpensive and efficient means for carry ing out the objects of the invention and while I have particularly described the elements best adapted to perform the functions set forth, it is obvious that various changes in form, proportion and in the minor details of construction may be resort- -ed to, without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the principles of the invention.
\Vhat I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. An attachment for internal combustion engines comprising a receptacle pro vided with a threaded collar at its lower end, a jar adapted to contain water and having its neck threadedly engaged with the collar, a conduit leading into the receptacle and adapted to have one end arranged in close proximity to the exhaust manifold of an internal combustion engine whereby to conduct hot air into the receptacle and vaporize water contained in the jar, and an outlet leading from the receptacle and adapted to be arranged in communication with a carburetor to supply vaporized products thereto.
2. The combination with an internal combustion engine; of a receptacle, brackets securing the receptacle to the internal combustion engine, the receptacl being provided with a frusto-conical bottom which terminates in a threaded collar, a jar having its neck threaded into the collar, an L-shaped pipe arranged within the receptacle and having its vertical log arranged concentric to the neck of the jar and having its horizontal leg terminating at a point adjacent the exhaust manifold of the engine whereby to conduct hot air from this point and discharge the same into the receptacle, and a tu e leading from the upper end munication'with the carburetor to conduct vaporized products into the latter.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.
JAMES R. ASH.
of the receptacle and having com-.
US629629A 1923-04-03 1923-04-03 Internal-combustion-engine attachment Expired - Lifetime US1542353A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3044453A (en) * 1961-11-29 1962-07-17 Edward A Hoffmann Method and apparatus for fuel combustion
US4141323A (en) * 1974-02-07 1979-02-27 Hart Radford H Water vapor injection system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3044453A (en) * 1961-11-29 1962-07-17 Edward A Hoffmann Method and apparatus for fuel combustion
US4141323A (en) * 1974-02-07 1979-02-27 Hart Radford H Water vapor injection system

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