US1529021A - Transmission mechanism - Google Patents

Transmission mechanism Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1529021A
US1529021A US573623A US57362322A US1529021A US 1529021 A US1529021 A US 1529021A US 573623 A US573623 A US 573623A US 57362322 A US57362322 A US 57362322A US 1529021 A US1529021 A US 1529021A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
transmission
shaft
clutch
shafts
drum
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US573623A
Inventor
Ford Henry
Original Assignee
Ford Henry
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ford Henry filed Critical Ford Henry
Priority to US573623A priority Critical patent/US1529021A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1529021A publication Critical patent/US1529021A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H37/00Combinations of mechanical gearings, not provided for in groups F16H1/00 - F16H35/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H61/00Control functions within control units of change-speed- or reversing-gearings for conveying rotary motion ; Control of exclusively fluid gearing, friction gearing, gearings with endless flexible members or other particular types of gearing
    • F16H61/02Control functions within control units of change-speed- or reversing-gearings for conveying rotary motion ; Control of exclusively fluid gearing, friction gearing, gearings with endless flexible members or other particular types of gearing characterised by the signals used
    • F16H61/0293Control functions within control units of change-speed- or reversing-gearings for conveying rotary motion ; Control of exclusively fluid gearing, friction gearing, gearings with endless flexible members or other particular types of gearing characterised by the signals used the signals being purely mechanical
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2700/00Transmission housings and mounting of transmission components therein; Cooling; Lubrication; Flexible suspensions, e.g. floating frames
    • F16H2700/02Transmissions, specially for working vehicles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2716/00Control devices for speed-change mechanisms of planetary gearings, with toothed wheels remaining engaged, e.g. also for devices to simplify the control or for synchronising devices combined with control devices
    • F16H2716/02Control devices for speed-change mechanisms of planetary gearings, with toothed wheels remaining engaged, e.g. also for devices to simplify the control or for synchronising devices combined with control devices the control being mechanical
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S475/00Planetary gear transmission systems or components
    • Y10S475/90Brake for input or output shaft

Description

l 1,529,021 H.. FORD TRANsMIssI- o- MECHANISM Filed July a, Y1922 Sheets-sheet 2 March 1.0; 925..
qw ...l SQ @vm ffnung* March 1o. 1925. 1,529,l21
March 1o. V1925 1,529,021
H. FORD TRANSMISSION MECHANI SM Filed July 8, 1922 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 im* "lllllllgnllllllilw L' V/ ir Y n!! wfg i llllllllllllll* 1 ElllllllfIlIlHiH 3mm Patented Mar. 1o, 19:25.v
PATENT oFFl/,CE
HENRY FORD, or DEARBORN, MICHIGAN.
TRANSMISSION MECHANISM.
pplication led July 8, 1922. Serial No. 573,623.
To all whom it may concern.'
Be it known that I, HENRY FORD, a citi-` zen of the United States of America, residing at Dearborn, in the county of lVayne and State 'of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful' Improvements in Transmission. Mechanism, of which the fol,- lowing is av specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to a power transmission mechanism and my invention aims to provide a simlple and efficient transmission gearing, and to organizethe same into a power transmission syst/em or mechanism for-duplex, multiplex or branch drives. It is in this connection that the transmission mechanism has been especially designed for an automotive railway car including trucks, and a power plant substantially equidistant relative to said trucks and adapted fordriving' an 'axle o`n each truck. The power pla-nt` includes pairs of internal combustion engines and it'is between the pairs of these engines that my transmission mechanism is placed so that power may be distributed at will. i
My invention further aims to provide a railway car having driving wheels and engines for driving said wheels with a transmission to alter the gear ratio between engine shafts and the driving wheels; to re- -verse the direction of rotationof the driv- 'ing wheels with respect to the engine; to -disengage the engines functionally relative to the driving wheels, and to provide a brake for the car wheels through their drive inde- V pendent of the usual wheel brakes.
My invention still further aims toprovide a duplex transmission mechanism that may be mount-ed between two power plants to form a rigid structure that may be suspended or otherwise mounted under a. vehicle body to drive trucks thereof, and the transmission mechanism includes planetary gearings, multiple disk clutch` and other devices and instrumentalities, all of which are compactly assembled, dust proof, easy to lubricate and readily controlled from a remote point.
The above is a brief outline of my invention and the construction will now be described by aid of the drawings, wherein- Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view of the transmission mechanism, partly in elevation;
Fig. 2 is a plan of the same;V
- shaft.
Fig. 3 is a cross sectionalview taken on the 1in@ 111-111 0f rig. e;
Fig 4 is a similar view taken on the line IV-IV of Fig. 2, and
Fig. 5 is a diagrammatic plan of the transmission mechanism relative to power plants.
Reference. will first be had to Fig. 5 showing in` outline opposed power plants 1 connected b v a transmission housing 2 and each power plant includes a pair `of horizontally disposed engines having a common crank shaft 3 and balance wheel 4. In the transmission housing 2 are transmission shafts which longitudinally aline with the crank shafts of the engines, each transmission shaft being eomiposed of an inner section 5 and a coaxial outer section 6, said outer section being suitably coupled to the crank shaft;v 'Ihe inner shaft 4sections 5 are provided with beveled gear `wheels 7 constantly meshing with beveled gear wheels 8 loosely mounted about a jack shaft 9 yevtending transversely of the transmission housing 2 and adapted 'to be coupled, as at 10, to power transmission shafts 11. The shafts 11 are adapted for performing work at points reway car.
Thus far it Vwill be noted that there are two opposed powerplants adapted for driving a common jack 'shaft and between said. jack shaft and each power plant there is a planetary gearing, a clutch mechanism, and controlling devices, and as such mechanisms for each power plant are identical, I deem' it only necessary to describe in detail the construction and arrangement of one set of mechanisms, and then consider the control of both mechanisms.-
The outer section 6 of each transmission shaft has longitudinal splines which permit of it being easily connected to an engine The inner section 5 of the transmission shaft has a bore 12 in which the outer section 6 is free to revolve. The splines of the outer shaft section 6 facilitate mounting various elements thereon, one of which is the hub portion 13 of a sun gear 14y and meshing with the sun gear are a plurality of pinions 15 which also mesh with an internal 'rack 16, carried by a drum 17 having its hub portion 18 free to revolve on the hub portion 13 of the sun gear 14,
`wise mounted for rotation with the clutch shell 20 and other of said disks held for rotation with an outer clutch shell 22 rotatable on an anti-frictional bearing 23 mounted on the hub 19 of the inner. clutch shell 20. Mounted against the outer clutch shell 22 and cooperating therewith in providing an enclosure for the clutch disks is an end.
cover 24 cooperating with the outer shell 22 in supporting spindles 25 extending into the drum 17 and supporting the pinions 15 which cooperate with the sun gear 14 and the rack l16 in forming planetary gearing. The pinion spindles 25 are utilized to hold some of the clutch disks 21 for rotation with the outer clutch shell 22 and all of the clutch disks are disposed for vslight longitudinal movement between the clutch shells so that said'disks may be crowded for frictional enr gagement to establish, at times, a driving relation between the inner and outer clutch shells. At other times one set of disks are free to revolve relative to adjacent disks, but normally the "disks establish a driving relation between the inner and outer clutch shells. To maintain this driving relation a presser ring 26 engages one of the inmost clutch disks 21 and said presser ring is carried by plungers 27 slidable in the end cover` 24. The outer ends of the plungers 27 are suitably connected to levers 28 which have the outer ends thereof pivotally connected,
as at 29 to the end' cover 24. The inner ends.
of the levers 28 are engaged by a peripheral iange 30 of an outer spring housing 31, said outer spring housing cooperating with an inner spring housing 32 in enclosing a coiled expansion spring 33 about the inner shaft section 5. The inner spring housing 32 is held against movement, as will hereinafter appear and the expansive force of the spring 33 shifts the outer spring housing 31 so that the vlevers 28 will push inwardly on the plungcrs 27 and cause the clutch disks to be engaged with one another to establish a driving relation between the inner and outer clutch shells.
vThe means employed for retract'ing the outer spring housing 31 to release the levers 28 and one set of clutch disks relative to the other set comprises a yoke 34 which is vertically disposed at one side of the outer spring housing 31 andv has roller equipped pins 35 engaging in an annular groove of a collar 36 forming part of the outer spring housing 31. The yoke 34 is carried by a rock shaft 37, best shown in Figs. 1 and 4 and the ends of said rock shaft are supported from the transmission housing 2. The lower end of the rock shaft is held for adjustment in an end thrust bearing 38 carried bythe bottom wall of the transmission housing 2, and the upper end of the rock shaft is mounted in a crank shaft 3 9 journaled in a bearing 40 carried by the top wall yof the transmission housing 2.v On the upper or outer end of the crank shaft 39 is clamped a crank 41A which will be hereinafter referred to.
The manner of connecting the pinion spindles 25 to the end cover 24 permits of a drum 42 being attached. to the end cover 24 for rotation with the outer clutch shell 22, said drum inclosing the outer clutch shell and extending in proximity to the drum 17, to afford a compact arrangement and permit of split bands 43 and 44 being placed about the drums 17 and 42 respectively toengage and hold said drums stationary, at times. The split bands 43 and 44 are identical in construction and the middle Aportion of each band has an exterior channel member 45 engaging inwardly projectinglugs 46, carried byl a cover 47` mounted over an opening-48 in a side wall of the transmission housing 2. Connected to each channel member 45 is a strap 49 extending between the lugs 46 to prevent lateral shifting of the band and circumferential creeping is prevented by the channel member. Each band is anchored so that its split ends may be shifted to either contract the band about a drum 0r distend the band to release the drum, and each band` may have a suitable drum engaging shoe.
The .mechanism employed for adjusting the bands 43 and 44 comprises vertically disposed parallel shafts 50 provided with right and left hand screwthreaded portions 51 on which are nuts 52 engaginfr laterally extending ends 53 of each ban Interposed between the laterally extending ends 53 of each band is a coiled expansion springv54 having its end convolutions engaging and encircling thimbles 55 about the threaded portions 51 of each shaft and abutting the lateral ends 53 of each band- The expansive force of the spring 54 is adapted to distend the band so as to release the drum which it surrounds and when either of the'shafts 50 is rotated in one direction the nuts I52 thereon are shiftedtowards each other to contract the band about the drum.
The shafts 50 are located in an offset portion or casing 56 of the transmission housing, said casing having a detachable plate 57 so that access may be had thereto. The lower ends of the shafts 50 are supported in adjustable. end thrust bearings 58 carried by the bottom wall of the casing and the upper ends of said shafts are adjustable in crank shafts 59 journaled in bearings 60, carried by the top wall ofthe casing 56. Clamped on the outer ends of the crank shafts 59 are cranks 61 and 62 and surrounding the outer ends of said crank shafts, as best shown in Figs. 1 and 4, are tubular spring supports 63 havcoj- ` adapted to restore each crank to normal- -position after being actuated. The crank by a connecting Astrap 71.
ing 'A the lower ends thereof adjustably clamped,as at 64 on the bearingsO. Surrounding the spring. Supports 63 are coiled.
springs 65v which have the lower convolutions ythereof anchored at the lower ends of the sup- .ports 63 and the upper convolutions of said springs'engage pins 66 of the cranks 61 and 62 with the expansive force of each spring i intermediate its endsl and at that side wall which hast-he casings 56, is provided with an enlargement 73 towhich is connected a bracket 74 and rotatably supported on said bracket are Sets of super-posed sheaves 75 having `the spindles 76 thereof braced by straps 77l connected to the brackets 74. On
the spindles 76 of the sheaves 7 5 are guards or guides 78 for cables or flexible members 79 and 80 connected to the cranks 62 and 6l;K Irespectively. The cables 79 and 8O extendy over the sheaves 75 and to some remote point of contro-l, such control beingb'rought out in my -pending application for automotive railway cars led May 13, 1921, Ser. No. 469,146. f f
`Reference will again be had to Fig.- 1
showingk the innerA sec-tion 5 of the trans-.
mission shaft to be journaled in an antifrictional bearing 81 mounted in a cage 82 set in a transverse partition 83 ofthe transmission housing. The inner spring housing 32 abuts the anti-ric-tional bearing `81 andv .power transmission shafts 11 from ythe said'bearing is retained in the cage 82 by a ring 84.-, which together with the cage 82 s connected to the partition 83 by nut equipped `bolts 85. These bolts are also employed for supporting a yoke 86 in proximity to the beveled gear 7 on the shaft" section 5 and said yoke constitutes a support for one end of a lubricant supply tube or 4cond-uit 87. The conduit 87 may be supplied with lubricant from a pump or any 'suitable source and the lubricant is adapted vto How through the sh'aftsection 5 into the shaft section 6 and by virtue of numerous ports, grooves, passages and conduits be distributed into the clutch andon to such bearings and Wearing parts throughout the planetary gearing and other mechanisms or -devices of the transmission mechanism.
Considering Fig. 3, it will be noted that the transmission housing 2 has opposed side openings 88 intermediate the ends thereof lplate.102 of the transmission housing 2.v
driven in a desired direction.
,these beveled gea-r wheels have internal gears or clutch n'lembers 96 adapted tofbe alternately or independentlyjengaged by the coinpound gear or clutch member 93, so that `a driving relation may be established between either of the beveled gear wheels 8 and the jack shaft 9. On the compound' gear or clutch'mcmber 93 is a grooved collar 97 and engaging in said collar is a shoe 98 loosely supported by a crank 99 on the lower endof a vertically disposed crank shaft 100, said crank shaft being Iiournaled in a bearing 101 carried b y a detachable Atop On the upper end of thev crank shaft are cranks 103 and 10-1, the former being connected to an operating rod 105 and the latter provided with grooves or sockets 106 fora spring pressed detent 107 carried by the top plate 102. The detent 107 prevents accidental .shifting of the crank shaft 100 anddet'ermines three positions for theconipound gear or clutch member 93, one of said' .positions being neutral as shown in Fig.`
2 and they other positions being with the compound' gear or clutch member 93 in engagement with one or the other of the internal` gears or clutch members 96.` It is thought the medium of the beveled gearwheels 7 yand 8, internal gears or clutch members 96, compound gear or clutch member 93, and jack shaft 9 that either forward or reverse drive may be imparted to the power plants 1.
Considering the. operation of the power transmission mechanism and assuming the power plants 1 have been placed in operation, it has already been pointed out `that the power transmission shafts 11 may be It is of course, obvious that the operation of the power plants may control the speed of the transmission shafts 11, but in addition to such control the set of cables or flexible members 79 may be actuated to simultaneously release the clutch disks 21 relative to one another and apply thebands 43 to the drums 17 to hold said drums stationaryV and cause the planetary gearing to transmit power, at a reduced speed, from the outer shaft section 6 through the sun gear 14 and pinions 15 to the outer clutch shell 22, drum 12 and inner shaft section 5 CHv f an
Cil
shafts. This is a braking action, in addition to the usual wheel brakes, to control the movement of the car after the powerplants have ceased to operate.
It is thought that the operation and utility of my power transmission mechanism will be apparent without further description, and while in the drawings` there is illustrated a preferred embodiment of my invention which has been put into practice, I do not care to conne my invention to the precise construction disclosed other than delined by the appended-claims.
What I claim is p 1. In a power'transmission mechanism, a jack shaft, opposed transmission shafts disposed at an angle to said jack shaft and operatably connected thereto, aspeed reduction gearing on each opposed shaft, a clutch mechanism for each opposed shaft, controllingits application of power to said jack shaft,`and controlling means for said speed reduction gearing and said clutch mechanisms.
2. A power transmission mechanism as called for in claim 1, wherein said controling and a clutch by which said jack shaft tained, each of said transmission shafts-being in two sections with aclutch mechanism controlling the operative relation between the'shaft sections.
6. The combination of a jack shaft, opposedl driven transmission shafts, beveled gear Wheels loose on said jack shaft and driven from said transmission shafts, a clutch between said gear wheels and adapted to fix either gear wheel relative to said jack shaft, and means in each transmission shaft by which a reductionin speedvmay be attained, each of said transmission shafts being provided with means by which its application of power to said jack shaft may be controlled.
7.` A transmission mechanism comprising a. two-part shaft, drums about said shaft, a planetary gearing in one drum adapted to transmit power at a reduced speed from one shaft part to the other, a clutch in the other drum and cooperating with said planetary gearing, brake bands about said drums, screw shafts and nuts adapted to set said brake bands, clutch actuating means, means adapted to simultaneously operate the screw shaft of the band about the planetary gearing drum and said clutch actuating means,
and means adapted to actuate the brake band about said clutch drum independent of said clutch actuating means.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
HENRY FORD. Witnesses:
E. G. LIEBOLD, J. E. HALL.
US573623A 1922-07-08 1922-07-08 Transmission mechanism Expired - Lifetime US1529021A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US573623A US1529021A (en) 1922-07-08 1922-07-08 Transmission mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US573623A US1529021A (en) 1922-07-08 1922-07-08 Transmission mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1529021A true US1529021A (en) 1925-03-10

Family

ID=24292736

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US573623A Expired - Lifetime US1529021A (en) 1922-07-08 1922-07-08 Transmission mechanism

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1529021A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2715876A (en) * 1950-03-06 1955-08-23 Schneider Brothers Company Locomotives

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2715876A (en) * 1950-03-06 1955-08-23 Schneider Brothers Company Locomotives

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2402756A (en) Hoist
US2466320A (en) Transmission drive assembly
US2749772A (en) Transmission and controls
US1529021A (en) Transmission mechanism
US2692516A (en) Change-speed transmission
US2270581A (en) Reverse gear and control
US707672A (en) Wheel-gear.
US1413158A (en) Motor-generator drive
US1588602A (en) Power-transmission mechanism
US2839951A (en) Hydromechanical transmission for vehicles
US1902050A (en) Lubricating means for automatic transmission mechanism
US2174259A (en) Motor clutch and transmission mechanism
US817908A (en) Transmission-gear.
US2014383A (en) Power transmission mechanism
US2447136A (en) Locomotive reversing gearing apparatus
US1633847A (en) Power take-off mechanism for motor vehicles
US2201847A (en) Transmission
US1170980A (en) Transmission-gear and clutch.
US992321A (en) Transmission-gearing.
US2104658A (en) Clutch and reverse gear
US1629021A (en) Planetary-gear drive for automobiles
US1733786A (en) Transmission
US1612770A (en) Reverse gear
US2247578A (en) Differential transmission
US1619876A (en) Power transmission