US150894A - Improvement in the methods of transferring grain - Google Patents

Improvement in the methods of transferring grain Download PDF

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US150894A
US150894A US150894DA US150894A US 150894 A US150894 A US 150894A US 150894D A US150894D A US 150894DA US 150894 A US150894 A US 150894A
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car
grain
cars
bins
track
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D3/00Wagons or vans
    • B61D3/06Flat-bottomed cars convertible into hoppers

Description

L). SAFELY.

Methods of Transferring Grain, 61u.,V` in Transitu.

No.150,894. u Patented May12,1s74.

le l

Il ll UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

JOHN J. SAFELY, OF OTTUMWA, IOWA.

IMPROVEMENT IN THE METHODS OF TRANSFERRING GRAIN. 35C., INTRANSITU.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 150,894., dated May 12, 1874; application iiled i April 14,1874.

Tohu 'whom t'may concern:

Be it known that I, JN0. J. SAFELY, of Ottumwa, in the county of Vapello and State of Iowa, have invented a new and improved means and method for transferring grain and other material from one car to another and from cars into vessels; and that the followin g is an exact and full description of the construction and operation of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.

My invention is intended to effect and facilitate the transfer of grain and other material, as coal, lime, salt, gravel, and the like from one car to another, or from a car to a vessel,

in such a manner that one or more cars may be unloadedand loaded at the same time at a great saving of time, labor, and expense over that usually incurred by the ordinary elevators and otherwise, or that the unloaded grain from a car or cars may be stored in the transferring elevated bins. The essential feature of my invention, however, consists in the method by which grain is ,transferred from a loaded car, or train of cars, to an empty car or train, or into track-bins for storage, said method being the construction of an elevated railway track or tracks directly over a base track or tracks, and the employment below the elevated track or tracks of bins open at their tops, and provided with sliding gates at their bottoms, and running the loaded car or cars by an inclined track or tracks upon the elevated track or tracks over the receiving bins or conduits, wherein the grain or other material is emptied from the loaded car or train, from which bins or conduits the grain or the like is discharged into an empty car or train of cars standing in position upon the lower track or tracks and ready to move off with the material thus transferred from the elevated car or cars, each car being provided with inlet-top openings to receive the grain or the like, and outlet-bottom openings for the discharge-of the same, said openings being suitably guarded with doors `and slides to be opened and closed, as required, and these being the only requirements to convert the ordinary freight-cars into cars adapted to carry out mynew method. In this way an entire train can be unloaded of grain or the like into another train which may be ready, or into the elevated bins for storage until a train is ready to carry the material oli'. The dischargingspouts of the elevatedbins may be provided with hose to lead to rthe receiving-openings of the lower train, so as to render it unnecessary for the receiving-openings to be at any time 4 directly under the bin-tubes.

By this method of transfer an entire train may be unloaded into another train in a very short time and at comparatively little expense, dispensing altogether with the ponderous and expensive machinery of elevators now used for the purpose, and avoiding the enormous expense incident thereto; for my elevated bins not only serve to transfer, but to store the material in readiness to be transferred. The elevated track-bins must, of course, be covered in by a roof to protect the stored grain from the weather. Vessels may, in like manner, be lled directly from 'loaded cars by means of chutes leading from the bins to the vessels. I have shown trough-boards hinged to the inner sides and ends of each car, so as to be let ,down to contract the bottom of the car to facilitate the discharge of the grain or material therefrom, and to be turned up and fastened, or removed in usinglthe cars for other traffic. These trough-boards, however, are not obsolutely necessary, as the grain remaining on the flat bottoms can be shoveled to the center openings to get it all out.

Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section of car-tracks and bins embracing the method of transferring grain or other material. Fig. 2 is g a bottom view of one car. Fig. 3 is a transverse vertical section of the same. Fig. 4 is a plan of the elevated track, showing the combined bins and railway.

Openings in the bottom of the car are represented at a, one in the center and one in each end thereof, about equally distant from each other and in line in the middle of the car with a pipe, b, extending below the bed of the car. c represents the slides or valves to open and close the mouth of the pipe. d, doors that can be shut or thrown back at will, to open or close the openings a. When wheat or like material is loaded in bulk, the doors d are thrown back and shut when loaded with material not to be unloaded through the pipes. The slides or valves c are operated with one bar, e, and

lever f, and open andshut at one and the same time, as shown in Fig. '2. When the valves are shut the lever j' is locked in place, and can only be released with a key. This is to prevent the slides from being maliciously opened. On the top of the car there are other openings, g, with doors to admit the grain or other material from above, as shown in Fig. 1. The

loaded car or cars being run upon an elevated railway, h, the empty car or ears being beneath on a lower track and ou the same vertical and longitudinal line, the lever or levers f being unlocked, and the valves c ofthe upper car or cars opened with one motion of the bar, the wheat or other material is discharged into bins 0J or conduits beneath the elevated track h under the loaded car and above the unloaded car or ears. '.lhe bins are represented in Figs. l and 4. In this method of transfer the valves c of the lower cars must be closed, as shown in Fig. l. The grain or other material in the bins z' is discharged into the cars beneath by a similar method to that of unloading the upper-cars into the bins beneath, thus transferringgrain or other material from one car to another without the ordinary delay.

This construction forms the means for a complete 'and immediate transfer of grain or like `material from one car or train of cars to another, or yfrom cars to vesse1s,'as may be de sired. Any number of elevated tracks with bins for holding the material may be used for ul'lloadingcars and for storing grain, and the whole may be covered by asuitable root'.

J are boards hinged tothe inner sides of the cars, to be let down to form a troughed bottom -for'grain and the like, and lto be turned and -fasten,ed-or removed, to use the cars for ordinary trailic.

Cars have been adapted to carry grain by means of detachable sections to form a hopper-shaped loor in connection with a spout through which the grain is discharged; and removable bottoms have been employed and turned up against the sides of the car when used for grain with the hoppers underneath, serving as an extra bottom, from which the grain isfremoved 5 and slide-valves haveI been used to open and close the bottom outlets, in connection with top openings, for the ingress of the grain; but none of these plans involved a system of transfer with elevated track-bins, in which one or a series of cars to be unloaded are employed with a car or a series of cars to `be loaded with the track-bins arranged between the elevated and base track ears.

What I claim isl. An elevated bin or conduit, in combination with an elevated railroad-track, as and for the purpose set forth.

2. A bin having a discharge-opening and a device for closing the sam e, placed beneath and combined with a railroad-track, as and lfor the purpose set forth.

material from a loaded car or train of cars into elevated track-bins vfor storage, or from or through said track-bins or conduits for trailsportation, substantially as set forth.

JNO. J. SAFELY.

Witnesses:

'lnoMAs C. CoNNoLLY, HENRY H. BARTON.

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USRE45713E1 (en) 2012-11-02 2015-10-06 Oren Technologies, Llc Proppant vessel base
US9162603B2 (en) 2011-12-21 2015-10-20 Oren Technologies, Llc Methods of storing and moving proppant at location adjacent rail line
USRE45788E1 (en) 2012-11-02 2015-11-03 Oren Technologies, Llc Proppant vessel
US9340353B2 (en) 2012-09-27 2016-05-17 Oren Technologies, Llc Methods and systems to transfer proppant for fracking with reduced risk of production and release of silica dust at a well site
US9394102B2 (en) 2012-07-23 2016-07-19 Oren Technologies, Llc Proppant discharge system and a container for use in such a proppant discharge system
US9421899B2 (en) 2014-02-07 2016-08-23 Oren Technologies, Llc Trailer-mounted proppant delivery system
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US9624030B2 (en) 2014-06-13 2017-04-18 Oren Technologies, Llc Cradle for proppant container having tapered box guides
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