US1506722A - Method of producing spray nozzles - Google Patents

Method of producing spray nozzles Download PDF

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Publication number
US1506722A
US1506722A US331739A US33173919A US1506722A US 1506722 A US1506722 A US 1506722A US 331739 A US331739 A US 331739A US 33173919 A US33173919 A US 33173919A US 1506722 A US1506722 A US 1506722A
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United States
Prior art keywords
vanes
producing
nozzle
spray nozzles
liquid
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Expired - Lifetime
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US331739A
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William E Yunker
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Allis Chalmers Corp
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Allis Chalmers Corp
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Priority to US331739A priority Critical patent/US1506722A/en
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Publication of US1506722A publication Critical patent/US1506722A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/34Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl
    • B05B1/3405Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl to produce swirl
    • B05B1/341Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl to produce swirl before discharging the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. in a swirl chamber upstream the spray outlet
    • B05B1/3421Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl to produce swirl before discharging the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. in a swirl chamber upstream the spray outlet with channels emerging substantially tangentially in the swirl chamber
    • B05B1/3431Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl to produce swirl before discharging the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. in a swirl chamber upstream the spray outlet with channels emerging substantially tangentially in the swirl chamber the channels being formed at the interface of cooperating elements, e.g. by means of grooves
    • B05B1/3442Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to influence the nature of flow of the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. to produce swirl to produce swirl before discharging the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. in a swirl chamber upstream the spray outlet with channels emerging substantially tangentially in the swirl chamber the channels being formed at the interface of cooperating elements, e.g. by means of grooves the interface being a cone having the same axis as the outlet
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49428Gas and water specific plumbing component making
    • Y10T29/49432Nozzle making
    • Y10T29/49433Sprayer

Description

Aug. 26, 1924. 1,506,722

W. E. YUNKER METHOD OF PRODUCING SPRAY NOZZLES Filed'oct. 16. 1919 liquid.

Patented Aug. 26, 1924.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

WILLIAM E. YUNKER,

MANUFACTURING COMPANY, DELAWARE OF WEST ALLIS, WISCONSIN, ASSIGNOR T0 ALLIS-CHALMERS OF MILWAUKEE," WISCONSIN, A CORPORATION 01 METHOD OF PRODUCING SPRAY NOZZLES.

Application filed October 16, 1919. Serial No. 881,789.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that WILLIAM E. Yunnan, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at West Allis, Milwaukee and State of Wisconsin, has 111- vented a certain new and useful Improvement in Methods of Producing Spray Nozzles, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to improvements in the construction and operation of liquid spray-producing nozzles, and to an improved process of forming or producing such nozzles.

An object of the invention is to provide a simple, compact and efficient nozzle for producing a homogeneous spray of atomized Another object is to provide a nozzle which may be easily constructed and all parts of which are readily accessible for cleaning and inspection. A further object is to provide a simple and etficient process of constructing spray nozzles at mimmum cost.

j It is common geneous spray of atomized v liquid may readily be produced by causing the liquid to swirl and by subsequently delivering the swirling liquid through a constricted orifice into free space. Swirling motion of the liquid is ordinarily produced by forcing a stream of liquid through a conduit having one or morehelical vanes therein.- li the liquid contains impurities it is practically impossible to prevent such impurities from lodging between the helical vanes of the nozzle and thereby destroying eificicnt operation thereof. It is therefore desirable to construct the nozzle in such a manner that the passages between the swirl-producing vanes are readily accessible for cleaning. The present invention has particular relation to an improved device for swirling the liquid all portions of which are readily accessible for cleaning, .and further relates to an improved process of manufacturing such swirl-producing devices in quantity and at minimum cost.

The nozzle structure and the method of producing the same forming the subject of the present invention, are improvements over the nozzle and method of producing the same which form the subject of a coin the county of knowledge that a homotudinal ending ap lication for Letters Patent filed y Joseph avorsky on or about October 6, 1919, Serial lid 329,405.

A clear conception of one form of nozzle constructed in accordance with the present invention, as well as of the'process of producing such nozzles, may be had by referring to the drawing accompanying and formin a part of this specification in which like re erence characters designate the same or similar parts in the variousiviews.

Fig. 1 is an elevation oi a piece of stock such as is utilized in the construction of swig-producing nozzle elements.

1 showing the cross section thereof.

Fig. 3 is an elevation of the piece of stock after having been partially machined prepar- 2 is an end view of the piece of stock atory to the formation of two nozzle elements therefrom.

Fig. 4 is an end view of the partially machined piece of stock showing the cross section thereof.

Fig. 5 is an elevationof the partiall ma- Fig. 8 is a longitudinal, central, vertical section through a completed nozzle.

As hereinabove stated, the present invention relates particularly to the construction and formation of that portion of a spray nozzle in which the liquid is caused to swirl.

The completed swirl-producing element shown in enlarged form in Fig. 6, comprises generally four vanes having straight rear portions 4.- extending parallel to the longiaxis of the element, and having curved forward ortions 5 of helical formation. The straiglit rear portions 4 are joined or integrally united adjacent the axis of the element, and are provided with outwardly extending projections 7 remote from the element axis. The helical forward portions 5 are spaced apart adjacent the axis of theelement by virtue of the formation of a hole 6 coaxial with the element.

When a swirl-producing element has been completed as illustrated in Fig. 6, a bushing 10 shown in detail in Fig. 7, having notches or recesses '9 in one end thereof ada ted to fit over the projections 7, is welded or otherwise rigidly secured to the projections 7 at the recesses 9. The combined bushing and swirl-producing element are insertable as a unit within a bore of the nozzle casing 8 as shown in Fig. 8, with the delivery end of the swirl-producing vane portions 5 adjacent a mixin chamber 11. The mixing chamber 11 is of forwardly converging form and communicates with the free space beyond the nozzle through a constricted orifice 12. The combined bushing and swirl-producing element may be held against displacement within the nozzle casing 8 by any suitable means coact'ing with the rear end or with the side of the bushing.

Having described generally the construction of the nozzle and of the spray-producing element, one process of forming the spray-producing element will be readily understood by reference to Figs. Ho 6 inclusive and to the following description: A piece of stock of circular or any other suitable cross section, shown in Figs. 1- and 2, is cut to a length sufficient for the formation of two nozzle elements therefrom. The cross sectional area of this piece of stock is thenreduced to the form shown in Figs. 3 and 4 by milling or otherwise cutting metal therefrom, to leave four straight vanes 3 radiating from the axis of the piece and extending at right angles to each other. After the stock has been thus machined the forward and rearward ends of the vanes 3 are gripped in suitable clamping devices and the pieces twisted to the form shownin Fig. 5. This twisting is preferably eflected without heatingthe material and causes the vanes 3 to assume helical formations at the center of the piece and to remain straight at the opposite ends thereof. After the piece of material has been thus twisted, it is cut in two and is turned down at its periphery to the form shown in Fig. 6. The two nozzle elements which are thus formed from, a single piece of material, are each drilled at their forward ends, thus separating the inner vane portions 5 from each other.

While the above process describes a method of simultaneously producing two swirl-producing elements, it 1s obvious that the end of a long piece of stock having a cross section such as shown in Fig.4, may be i twisted to form but one nozzle element at a gshown without departing from the present .66 L

invention;

neoavaa vanes are readily accessible to permit cleaning of the same. By eliminating the necessity of heating the swirl-producing elements during the formation thereof, the rapidityof construction is further augmented.

During the operation of the nozzle, liquid under pressure is admitted to the interior of the bushing 10 from the left hand side as viewed in Fig. 8. The liquid thus admitted is forced through the passages between the vane portions 4, 5 and is delivered into the mixing chamber 11 as a swirling mass. The swirling mass of liquid in passing through the tapered mixing chamber has its velocity increased and is eventually forced through the orifice 12. Upon delivery from the constricted orifice 12,. the liquid suddenly expands and forms a homogeneous spray of atomized liquid of frusto-conical shape.

It-will be observed that in the drawing the helical end portions 5 of the vanes are of gradually increasing pitch approaching the nozzle orifice. By thus forming the vanes, the velocity of the swirling liquid is gradually increased to a maximum at thepoint' of delivery to the mixing chamber. In the mixing chamber the velocity is further gradually increased until the orifice 12 is reached, this augmentation of the velocity producing a more efiicient spray than if the velocity of the traveling liquid were uniform.

It should be understood that it is not desired to limit the invention to. the exact details of construction herein shown or to the exact steps of the process herein described,

for various modifications may occur to persons skilled in the art. g

It is claimed and desired to secure by Letters Patent:

1. The method of producing spray nozzles, which comprises, formin a plurality of centrally united vanes whic are free remote from said union, and removing the central union along a portion of the length of said vanes.

2. The method of producing spray nozzles, which comprises, forming a plurality of centrally united helical vanes which are free remote from said union, and removing the central union along a portion of the length of said vanes.

3. The method of producing spray nozzles, which comprises, formin a plurality of centrally united vanes whic are free remote from said union, removing the central union along a portion of the length of said tral union along a portion of the length of said vanes, and inserting said vanes within a tapered conduit to peripherally close the passa es between said vanes.

5. he method of producing s ray nozzles, which comprises, forming a p urality or centrally united rectilineal vanes which are free remote from said union, helically bending corresponding portions of said vanes, and removing the central union along the bent portions of said vanes.

6. The method of producing spray nozzles, which comprises, forming a plurality of centrally united rectilineal vanes which are free remote from said union, helically bending corresponding portions of said vanes, removing the central union along a portion of the length of said vanes, and inserting said vanes within a casing to peripherally/close the passages between the bent portions of said vanes.

7; Themethod of producing spray nozzles, which comprises, forming a plurality of centrally united rectilineal vanes which are free remote from said union, curving portions of said vanes by simultaneously twisting the same, and removing the central union along the twisted portion of said vanes.

8. The method of producing spray nozzles, which comprises, forming a plurality of centrally united rectilineal vanes which are free remote from said union, twisting said vanes to provide helical corresponding portions thereon, removing the central union along the helical portions of said vanes, and inserting the helical vane portions within a conduit to peripherally close the passages between said vanes.

In testimon whereof, the signature of the inventor is a ed hereto.

WILLIAM E. YUNKER.

US331739A 1919-10-16 1919-10-16 Method of producing spray nozzles Expired - Lifetime US1506722A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2435605A (en) * 1944-03-31 1948-02-10 Herman L Rowell Spray nozzle
US2530671A (en) * 1945-03-08 1950-11-21 Spraying Systems Co Flat spray nozzle
US2583726A (en) * 1948-01-26 1952-01-29 Chalom Joseph Aaron Nozzle
USRE30836E (en) * 1972-11-10 1981-12-29 Kobe, Inc. Liquid-gas separator unit
US4506423A (en) * 1980-12-24 1985-03-26 Hitachi, Ltd. Method of producing a fluid pressure reducing device
US5594987A (en) * 1994-07-13 1997-01-21 Century; Theodore J. Method of making a sub-miniature aerosolizer
EP1119380A4 (en) * 1997-10-24 2002-10-16 Theodore J Century Intrapulmonary aerosolizer
US20060219813A1 (en) * 2003-04-24 2006-10-05 Morrison Robin L Nozzel for a nasal inhaler
US20090225512A1 (en) * 2008-03-04 2009-09-10 Visser Roy A Electronic module having thermal cooling insert
US20110099727A1 (en) * 2009-11-02 2011-05-05 Lg Electronics Inc. Method for washing and washing machine
US20140343494A1 (en) * 2008-02-07 2014-11-20 University Of Washington Through Its Center For Commercialization Circumferential aerosol device
JP2015051277A (en) * 2011-04-14 2015-03-19 エルジー エレクトロニクス インコーポレイティド Washing machine

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2435605A (en) * 1944-03-31 1948-02-10 Herman L Rowell Spray nozzle
US2530671A (en) * 1945-03-08 1950-11-21 Spraying Systems Co Flat spray nozzle
US2583726A (en) * 1948-01-26 1952-01-29 Chalom Joseph Aaron Nozzle
USRE30836E (en) * 1972-11-10 1981-12-29 Kobe, Inc. Liquid-gas separator unit
US4506423A (en) * 1980-12-24 1985-03-26 Hitachi, Ltd. Method of producing a fluid pressure reducing device
US5594987A (en) * 1994-07-13 1997-01-21 Century; Theodore J. Method of making a sub-miniature aerosolizer
EP1762260A1 (en) * 1997-10-24 2007-03-14 Theodore J. Century Intrapulmonary aerosolizer
EP1119380A4 (en) * 1997-10-24 2002-10-16 Theodore J Century Intrapulmonary aerosolizer
EP1776974A1 (en) * 1997-10-24 2007-04-25 Theodore J. Century Intrapulmonary aerosolizer
EP1769816A1 (en) * 1997-10-24 2007-04-04 Theodore J. Century Intrapulmonary aerosolizer
JP2006525049A (en) * 2003-04-24 2006-11-09 グラクソ グループ リミテッドGlaxo Group Limited Nasal inhaler nozzle
US20060219813A1 (en) * 2003-04-24 2006-10-05 Morrison Robin L Nozzel for a nasal inhaler
EP1615724B1 (en) * 2003-04-24 2008-11-05 Glaxo Group Limited Nozzle for a nasal inhaler
US7484678B2 (en) 2003-04-24 2009-02-03 Glaxo Group Limited Nozzle for a nasal inhaler
US10016582B2 (en) * 2008-02-07 2018-07-10 University Of Washington Through Its Center For Commercialization Circumferential aerosol device
US20140343494A1 (en) * 2008-02-07 2014-11-20 University Of Washington Through Its Center For Commercialization Circumferential aerosol device
US7876562B2 (en) * 2008-03-04 2011-01-25 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Electronic module having thermal cooling insert
US20090225512A1 (en) * 2008-03-04 2009-09-10 Visser Roy A Electronic module having thermal cooling insert
US20110099727A1 (en) * 2009-11-02 2011-05-05 Lg Electronics Inc. Method for washing and washing machine
JP2015051277A (en) * 2011-04-14 2015-03-19 エルジー エレクトロニクス インコーポレイティド Washing machine
US9394644B2 (en) 2011-04-14 2016-07-19 Lg Electronics Inc. Washer

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