US1499120A - Gate - Google Patents

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US1499120A
US1499120A US551582A US55158222A US1499120A US 1499120 A US1499120 A US 1499120A US 551582 A US551582 A US 551582A US 55158222 A US55158222 A US 55158222A US 1499120 A US1499120 A US 1499120A
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Prior art keywords
gate
upright
closure
secured
pipe
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Expired - Lifetime
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US551582A
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Charles W Nies
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Charles W Nies
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B11/00Means for allowing passage through fences, barriers or the like, e.g. stiles
    • E06B11/02Gates; Doors
    • E06B11/022Gates; Doors characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B11/027Gates; Doors characterised by the manner of movement where the gate rotates around a horizontal axis parallel to the plane of the gate
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B11/00Means for allowing passage through fences, barriers or the like, e.g. stiles
    • E06B11/02Gates; Doors

Description

flame 2%, 1924 1,499,120
C. W. NIES GATE Filed April' 11, 1922 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 5 1 14 I 28 a v Fig- INVENTOR. Z3 cw. NIE6 I A TTORNEYS.
Fig.3 Z0
C. W. NIES June 24 1924.
GATE
Filed April 11 1922 2 Sheets-Sheet I N V EN TOR. a w MES,
Patented June 24, 1924.
unites stares tartar orries.
CHARLES w. NIES, or RIGI-ILAND rownsnrr, Jonas cocn'rr, SOUTH DAKOTA.
GATE.
Application filed April 11 1922. Serial No. 551,582.
Jones and State of outh Dakota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Gates of which the following is a specification. I H j My invention aims to provide a fence gate particularly adapted for motor vehicle passages andembodying certain novel features of construction and arrangements of parts whereby it isopened by impact of a vehicle therewith and automatically closed after passage of the vehicle.
Another object of the invention is the production of a fence gate hinged at its lower edge to swing vertically and held normally yieldabl-y and substantially in upright position whereby it is swung open by impact of a motor vehicle therewith and the traveling of the vehicle thereover and automatically retracted after the vehicle has passed from the gate.
Furthermore, the invention has for an object the production of a passage closure embodying certain novel features of construction and arrangements of parts whereby it may be swung either vertically or horizontally.
The invention has for another object the production of a driveway closure hinged adjacent its lower side to swing vertically and adapted to be opened and driven over by motor vehicles; and hinged at one end to swing horizontally to permit the passage of animal-drawn vehicles and implements.
These and other objects and advantages I successfully attain in the embodiment hereinafter described, defined in the appended claims and illustrated in the ac- 'companying drawings which form a part Lil - structing means.
Fig. & is an enlarged. perspective view of one ofthe bearings.
V Fig. 5 is an enlarged elevation of oneof theintermediate bearings, and
Fig. 6 is a transverse section of the gate illustrating its operation by a passing motor vehicle.
Referring, now, to the illustrations, the
device consistsessentially of posts, 7, positioned at directly opposite points at the sides of a driveway or fence passage-way; Between the posts is positioned the gate, preferably including a lower longitudinal frame member comprising a rod or pipe,
8, resting on a plank, 9, laid flat on the J ground. Suitable end uprights of the gate may consist of pipes, 10 and 11-, suitably secured to the pipe, 8. In the embodiment chosen for illustratiom the upright, 10, is secured to the pipe, 8, through the rnedium of a T-pipe fitting, 12, while the upright, 11-, is connected by an elbow, 13, with the pipe, 8. The gate is provided'with a suitable runway over which vehicles may travel, which runway 1n the present embodiment consists oftwo uprightplanks, 14, spaced to correspond to the width of the tread *of motor vehicle, and having their lower ends resting on, and suitably secured to, the pipe, 8, as by U-shaped straps, 15, which encompass the pipe and have their end portions secured to the opposite sides of the planks. The uprights,10 and 11, and the runway are held securely in a common-plane by the upper and lower longitudinal gate members,
1 6 and 17, respectively, each including parallel bars positioned on opposite sides of,gand suitably secured to, said uprights and the planks, 141; The gate may be provided with pickets, 18, or other passage-ob- Adjacent one end of the gate is an upright, 19, on which the gate is suitably hinged't'o swing horizontally. In
the embodiment illustrated I provide for this purpose upper and lower hooks, 40, suitably secured to the upright, 11, and pivoted in eye bolts, 11, in the upright, 19. The uprights, 10 and 19, are pivoted at their lower ends to swing vertically, as by providing on the lower end of the upright, 19, a horizontal journal, 20, and on the lower end of the upright, 10, a horizontally disposed journal, 21, which may be carried by the T-fitting, 12. The said journals, 20 and 21, are normally aligned coaxially and are rotatably supported in suitable bearings, preferably U-shaped members, 22, carried by suitable bases, 23, mounted on the posts, 7, the said bearings being provided with internal recesses, 24:, to receive bosses, 25, on the ends of the journals and to provide shoulders, 26, engageable by the said bosses to prevent longitudinal displacement of the journals from the bearings. The pipe, 8, is preferably provided with one or more intermediate lateral thrust bearings to prevent buckling of the said pipe when the gate is operated by a motor vehicle, as will presently appear. These lateral thrust bearings may comprise stud bolts, 26, carried by the'plank, 9, and disposed on opposite sides of the pipe, 8. It will now be clear that the gate, constructed and mounted as above set forth, may be swung vertically in either direction toward and from the ground. The gate is held yieldably in its normal upright position, as by weights, 27, having ropes, 28, or their equivalents, secured thereto and passed over direction pulleys, 29, swivelly supported above the posts, 7, as by U-shaped members, 80, suitably secured to the posts and having the pulleys, 29, depending from their webs, the free ends of the ropes being suitably secured to the upper ends of the uprights,
'10 and 19, as by providing eye bolts, 31,
in the said uprights, to which the ropes are secured. Obviously, the rope secured to the upright,19, may be permanently attached, while the rope, 28, on the opposite upright, .10, must be removably secured thereto, as by providing on the said rope a hook, 32, engageable with the eye bolt, 31. When it is desired to swing the gate horizontally the hook, 32, isfirst disengaged from the associated eye, 31, and engaged in an eye, 33, on the adjacent post, 7. The free end of the gate may then be lifted to disengage the journal, 21, from its bearing, whereupon the gate may then be swung horizontally open by carrying its free end laterally, in which operation the gate obviously swings on the upright, 19, which is held in substantially an upright position by the weight. 27, connected therewith. The manner of restoring the gate to its normal or closed position from its horizontally swung position is obvious.
By reference to Fig. 6 it is clear that the gate may be opened by an automobile by driving the vehicle directly against the gate in such a way that the wheels will engage and travel over the runway carried by the gate, thereby forcing the gate to the position indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 6, and as the rear wheels of the vehicle leave the runway the weights, 27, retract the gate to its normal position.
The bearings, 22, may be identical, but the one thereof in which the journal, 20, is supported is preferably provided in the upper ends of its arms with aligned openings, 84, through which a pin, 35, may be inserted above the journal, 20, to prevent vertical displacement of the journal from the bearing.
Although I have illustrated and above described but one form of the invention, I would not be understood to be limited to such specific structure for various alterations and modifications may be made in details of construction and arrangements of parts herein disclosed without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, 1S,-
1. A passage closure embodying a closure proper including a main part and an upright at one side thereof to which the main part is hinged to swing horizontally, said upright being hinged at its bottom to swing vertically, a post at the other side, and means on the post detachably secured to the closure proper to hold the closure proper yieldably upright.
2. A passage closure embodying a closure proper including a main part, a horizontal pivot at one side and adjacent the lower edge of the said part, and an element at the other side to which said part is hinged to swing horizontally and pivoted coaXially with said horizontal pivot to permit vertical swinging of the closure, a bearing for the horizontal pivot from which the pivot may be removed to permit horizontal swinging of the closure, and means for retracting the closure to and holding it yieldably in normal upright position, including retracting members secured to opposite sides of the closure proper, the one of said members at the free side of the closure being det-achably secured to permit horizontal swinging of the closure.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this 25 day of March. 1922.
, CHAR-LES W. NIES.
US551582A 1922-04-11 1922-04-11 Gate Expired - Lifetime US1499120A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2608010A (en) * 1948-11-29 1952-08-26 Anderson Thelma Irene Drive-through gate
US2662320A (en) * 1952-01-28 1953-12-15 William J Barnard Combination horizontally and vertically swinging gate
US3303613A (en) * 1965-02-04 1967-02-14 Ronald P Seuntjens Farm gate
EP0072805A1 (en) * 1980-11-12 1983-03-02 FERGUSON, Malcolm John Self-closing gate
US4708515A (en) * 1985-08-17 1987-11-24 Davies David T Stock barrier
GB2433092A (en) * 2005-11-30 2007-06-13 James Gardner Middleton Self-closing gate
US20150167383A1 (en) * 2013-11-13 2015-06-18 Chad Arnold Bidirectional Spring-Biased Gate
US11053720B1 (en) 2020-03-19 2021-07-06 Timothy Marick Hinge and methods of mounting and using a hinge

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2608010A (en) * 1948-11-29 1952-08-26 Anderson Thelma Irene Drive-through gate
US2662320A (en) * 1952-01-28 1953-12-15 William J Barnard Combination horizontally and vertically swinging gate
US3303613A (en) * 1965-02-04 1967-02-14 Ronald P Seuntjens Farm gate
EP0072805A1 (en) * 1980-11-12 1983-03-02 FERGUSON, Malcolm John Self-closing gate
EP0072805A4 (en) * 1980-11-12 1983-03-29 Malcolm John Ferguson Self-closing gate.
US4480405A (en) * 1980-11-12 1984-11-06 Ferguson Malcolm J Self-closing gate
US4708515A (en) * 1985-08-17 1987-11-24 Davies David T Stock barrier
GB2433092A (en) * 2005-11-30 2007-06-13 James Gardner Middleton Self-closing gate
US20150167383A1 (en) * 2013-11-13 2015-06-18 Chad Arnold Bidirectional Spring-Biased Gate
US9907289B2 (en) * 2013-11-13 2018-03-06 Chad Arnold Bidirectional spring-biased gate
US11053720B1 (en) 2020-03-19 2021-07-06 Timothy Marick Hinge and methods of mounting and using a hinge

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