US149135A - Improvement in mineral-water-fountain feeders - Google Patents

Improvement in mineral-water-fountain feeders Download PDF

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US149135A
US149135A US149135DA US149135A US 149135 A US149135 A US 149135A US 149135D A US149135D A US 149135DA US 149135 A US149135 A US 149135A
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fountain
water
feeders
mineral
improvement
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M3/00Idling devices for carburettors
    • F02M3/08Other details of idling devices
    • F02M3/10Fuel metering pins; Nozzles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S261/00Gas and liquid contact apparatus
    • Y10S261/07Carbonators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/2496Self-proportioning or correlating systems
    • Y10T137/2514Self-proportioning flow systems
    • Y10T137/2521Flow comparison or differential response
    • Y10T137/2524Flow dividers [e.g., reversely acting controls]

Description

W. W. KNIGHT.

Mineral Water-fountain Feeders. N0,149,135 Patented M-arch smam.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE. I

WILLIAM W. KNIGHT, OF JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY.

IMPROVEMENT IN MlNERAL-WATER-FOUNTAIN FEEDERS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 149,135, dated March 31, 1874; application filed March 5, 1874.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, WILLIAM W. KNIGHT, of Jersey City, in the county of Hudson and State of New Jersey, have invented an Improvement in Mineral-VVater-Fountain Feeders, of which the following is a specification:

In the manufacture of soda-Water and other mineral or efi'ervescing liquids, the fountain containing the water is drawn from until it is nearly exhausted, and the gas remaining there- 1 in or supplied thereto is under considerable pressure; hence the fresh supply of water has to be pumped in under considerable pressure, causing a loss in time and expense.

The object of my invention is to supply water to the fountain more rapidly than heretofore, and without pumping. I make use of a waterholder or secondary fountain at a higher elevation than the main agitating-fountain, and connect the same to the fountain by pipes with cocks, in such a mannerthat the gas is allowed to pass from the main fountain and equalize the pressure in the main and secondary fountain, so that the liquid will flow from the latter into the former, and the carbonic-acid gas being absorbed by the water, the pressure is reduced, and when the secondary vessel is shut off from the main fountain a fresh supply of water from an ordinary head or source will run into and again fill the secondary fountain.

In the drawing I have represented the said improvement by a vertical section.

The fountain a is of any usual character, with an agitating apparatus, b, revolved by the crank c. The carbonic-acid gas is supplied by the pipe d, and passes down to near the bottom of the vessel 0,. The pipe 6 passes to the bottling apparatus or fountain-filler, and f is a handhole and cover, as usual. The secondary fountain g is made with the pressure-gage h, watersupply pipe i, check-valvek, and pipe and cock I, at the bottom connecting to the fountain a. A glass gage, m, may be employed to indicate the height of liquid. The air-cock 19 serves to allow air or gas to escape while the secondary fountain is being filled, and the pipe and cock 1' pass from the top of the fountain a up to near the top of the secondary fountain g.

When the liquid in the fountain a has been drawn off to the required point, the cooks land 1 are opened, the pressure of gas becomes equal in the vessels a and g, and the water runs by gravity into the vessel a, and the agitation to which it is subjected causes the gas to be absorbed and lessens the pressure. The cocks l and r are now closed, and the water runs in. by the supply-pipe as soon as the pressure of gas is less than that of the head. The cock 1) allows gas to escape if necessary to lessen the pressure in the vessel 9. The check-valve It prevents the gas driving the water back in the supply-pipe.

My apparatus, it will be seen, is very simple and effective, and lessens the time required to charge the fountain, as well as avoiding the trouble of pumping water into the fountain against the pressure of gas.

I claim as my invention- The secondary fountain g, connected to the fountain a by the cocks and pipes l and r, in combination with the supply-pipe i, checkvalve 70, and the agitating apparatus b in the vessel a, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Signed by me this 2d day of March, A. D. 74.

WM. W. KNIGHT.

Witnesses:

GEo. T. PINCKNEY, CHAS. H. SMITH.

US149135D Improvement in mineral-water-fountain feeders Expired - Lifetime US149135A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2774578A (en) * 1952-09-24 1956-12-18 Nat Dairy Res Lab Inc Methods and apparatus for whipping food products
US4701286A (en) * 1985-06-14 1987-10-20 Applied Biochemists Inc. Apparatus for dispensing a water treating composition into the recirculating water of an evaporative system
US4719056A (en) * 1984-06-25 1988-01-12 Isoworth Limited Fluid treatment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2774578A (en) * 1952-09-24 1956-12-18 Nat Dairy Res Lab Inc Methods and apparatus for whipping food products
US4719056A (en) * 1984-06-25 1988-01-12 Isoworth Limited Fluid treatment
US4701286A (en) * 1985-06-14 1987-10-20 Applied Biochemists Inc. Apparatus for dispensing a water treating composition into the recirculating water of an evaporative system

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