US148654A - Improvement in car-starters - Google Patents

Improvement in car-starters Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US148654A
US148654A US148654DA US148654A US 148654 A US148654 A US 148654A US 148654D A US148654D A US 148654DA US 148654 A US148654 A US 148654A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
car
draft
segments
wheels
bar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US148654A publication Critical patent/US148654A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H19/00Model railways
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES NOT COVERED BY CLASS H10
    • H01L21/00Processes or apparatus adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/02Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/02104Forming layers
    • H01L21/02365Forming inorganic semiconducting materials on a substrate
    • H01L21/02367Substrates
    • H01L21/0237Materials
    • H01L21/02373Group 14 semiconducting materials
    • H01L21/02381Silicon, silicon germanium, germanium

Definitions

  • WITNESSES INVENTQB 6% I djwwaflu M BY @4 4 ATTORNEYS.
  • Figure 1 is a top view of a part of a cartruck or frame to which my improvement has been applied.
  • Fig. 2 is a detail section of the same taken through the line as m, Fig. 1.
  • the invention relates to improvements in car-starters of the class in which the draft is applied to a segment pivoted on the axle, and so arranged as to be connected therewith by a pawl and ratchet when moving or rotating forward, and to be disconnected when moving
  • the improvement consists in the combination and arrangement of a draft-bar of peculiar construction with segments placed contiguous to or against the inner sides of the wheels, so that they may take up no extra space but project upward into the same box with the wheels. It consists, also, in stops with the wheels arranged to lift the pawls off the ratch etwheels when the segments rotate backward, as hereinafter more fully set forth.
  • A represents the truck or car-frame with which the axles B and the wheels (3 are connected in the ordinary way.
  • D is the bar or frame, to the forward end of which the draft is applied, and which slides longitudinally in keepers attached to the truck or car-frame A.
  • the rear part of the frame D is made with three branches, d d (1 the central one d of which is provided with a metallic or rubber spring, E, to draw back the draft-bar when the strain is relaxed.
  • the side branches al and d incline outward, and then project to the rearward parallel with each other and with the planes of the wheels 0, and in such positions that, if extended, they would pass along the inner sides of said wheels 0, near the bottom ofthe car or truck-frame.
  • the branches d (1 d of the draft-barD are connected and strengthened by a cross-bar, d, which prevents them from contractin gunder strain and enables them to be made lighter than they otherwise could be, and have the requisite strength.
  • To the rear ends of the side branches (1 and d are attached the forward ends of short chains F, or their equivalents, which pass along the grooves of the larger parts of the segments of 7 double pulleys G, and their rear ends are attached to the rear parts of said segments G.
  • the segments G ride loosely upon the axles B at the inner sides of the wheels (J, and are provided with pawls H, which engage with the teeth of the small ratchet-wheelsI attached to the axle B.
  • the segments G are made of about the same diameter as the wheels 0, so that both may project up into the segmental boxes, which are ordinarily employed to cover wheels of street-cars, being for that purpose located beneath the seats. Said boxes are nearly always made of more than double the width of the car-wheel, and the employment of the segment will not require it to be increased.
  • the forward part of the draft-bar D is provided with a rubber-block, J, which strikes against a cross-bar of the frame A, and thus sustains the draft and prevents recoil.
  • a rubber-block, J which strikes against a cross-bar of the frame A, and thus sustains the draft and prevents recoil.
  • To the forward parts of the pulley-segments G are attached the ends of short chains K or equivalents, which pass back along the grooves of the smaller parts of the said segments, and to their rear ends are attached springs L, which are connected with the truck or carframe A, so that as soon as the draft-strain may be relaxed after starting the car, and, in connection with the spring E, to draw back the segments G and draft-bar D ready to be again used for again starting the car.
  • the springs L may be omitted and the rear sides of the segments G weighted, to draw back said segments and draft-bar.
  • a lever-catch, m drops in front of a shoulder or projection formed upon said draft-bar, so as to sustain the draft under ordinary circumstances, the catch on being so arranged that it may be raised by the driver with his foot, or may be otherwise operated when about to-start the car to allow the device to act.
  • the pawls H should be provided with stops N to raise them away from the ratchet-wheels I when the segments G are drawn back to prevent said pawls from being worn by the ratchet -wheels I when the said segments have been dn w11 back.
  • the chains E may be provided with guide-pulleys O, to guide said chains to the bottom of the truck, or insure their passing properly upon the grooves of the segments G, when the said segments and the draft-bar are being drawn back.

Description

W. T. BEEKMAN.
Oar-Starters. N0.148,654, PatentedMarch17.l874
WITNESSES: INVENTQB 6% I djwwaflu M BY @4 4 ATTORNEYS.
backward.
UNITED STATES ATEN \VILLIAM T. BEEKMAN, OF PETERSBURG, ILLINOIS.
IMPROVEMENT IN CAR-STARTERS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 148,654, dated March 17, 1874 application filed December 6, 1873.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM T. BEEKMAN, of Petersburg, in the county of Menard and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Draft Attachment for Street-Oars, of which the following is a specification:
Figure 1 is a top view of a part of a cartruck or frame to which my improvement has been applied. Fig. 2 is a detail section of the same taken through the line as m, Fig. 1.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts.
The invention relates to improvements in car-starters of the class in which the draft is applied to a segment pivoted on the axle, and so arranged as to be connected therewith by a pawl and ratchet when moving or rotating forward, and to be disconnected when moving The improvement consists in the combination and arrangement of a draft-bar of peculiar construction with segments placed contiguous to or against the inner sides of the wheels, so that they may take up no extra space but project upward into the same box with the wheels. It consists, also, in stops with the wheels arranged to lift the pawls off the ratch etwheels when the segments rotate backward, as hereinafter more fully set forth.
A represents the truck or car-frame with which the axles B and the wheels (3 are connected in the ordinary way. D is the bar or frame, to the forward end of which the draft is applied, and which slides longitudinally in keepers attached to the truck or car-frame A. The rear part of the frame D is made with three branches, d d (1 the central one d of which is provided with a metallic or rubber spring, E, to draw back the draft-bar when the strain is relaxed. The side branches al and d incline outward, and then project to the rearward parallel with each other and with the planes of the wheels 0, and in such positions that, if extended, they would pass along the inner sides of said wheels 0, near the bottom ofthe car or truck-frame. The branches d (1 d of the draft-barD are connected and strengthened by a cross-bar, d, which prevents them from contractin gunder strain and enables them to be made lighter than they otherwise could be, and have the requisite strength. To the rear ends of the side branches (1 and d are attached the forward ends of short chains F, or their equivalents, which pass along the grooves of the larger parts of the segments of 7 double pulleys G, and their rear ends are attached to the rear parts of said segments G. The segments G ride loosely upon the axles B at the inner sides of the wheels (J, and are provided with pawls H, which engage with the teeth of the small ratchet-wheelsI attached to the axle B. The segments G are made of about the same diameter as the wheels 0, so that both may project up into the segmental boxes, which are ordinarily employed to cover wheels of street-cars, being for that purpose located beneath the seats. Said boxes are nearly always made of more than double the width of the car-wheel, and the employment of the segment will not require it to be increased.
By this construction the draft is applied near the rims of the wheels and directly above the axle, and the point of greatest leverage is thus obtained to start the car by turning the wheels and axles, instead of being applied to the body of the car or to the truck-frame.
The forward part of the draft-bar D is provided with a rubber-block, J, which strikes against a cross-bar of the frame A, and thus sustains the draft and prevents recoil. To the forward parts of the pulley-segments G are attached the ends of short chains K or equivalents, which pass back along the grooves of the smaller parts of the said segments, and to their rear ends are attached springs L, which are connected with the truck or carframe A, so that as soon as the draft-strain may be relaxed after starting the car, and, in connection with the spring E, to draw back the segments G and draft-bar D ready to be again used for again starting the car. If desired, the springs L may be omitted and the rear sides of the segments G weighted, to draw back said segments and draft-bar. As the draft-bar is drawn back a lever-catch, m, drops in front of a shoulder or projection formed upon said draft-bar, so as to sustain the draft under ordinary circumstances, the catch on being so arranged that it may be raised by the driver with his foot, or may be otherwise operated when about to-start the car to allow the device to act. The pawls H should be provided with stops N to raise them away from the ratchet-wheels I when the segments G are drawn back to prevent said pawls from being worn by the ratchet -wheels I when the said segments have been dn w11 back. The chains E may be provided with guide-pulleys O, to guide said chains to the bottom of the truck, or insure their passing properly upon the grooves of the segments G, when the said segments and the draft-bar are being drawn back.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent-- l. The sliding draft-bar D formed of the
US148654D Improvement in car-starters Expired - Lifetime US148654A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US148654A true US148654A (en) 1874-03-17

Family

ID=2218067

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US148654D Expired - Lifetime US148654A (en) Improvement in car-starters

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US148654A (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US148654A (en) Improvement in car-starters
US902794A (en) Hand-truck.
US161042A (en) Improvement in car-starters
US271066A (en) Self and hardin h
US162956A (en) Improvement in car-starters
US244680A (en) smith
US352126A (en) haines
US376875A (en) ailmore
US387807A (en) Car-starter
US189458A (en) Improvement in car-starters
US189227A (en) Improvement in car-starters
US134096A (en) Improvement in brakes for vehicles
US695780A (en) Wagon-gear.
US170546A (en) Improvement in car-starters
US170175A (en) knapp
US165070A (en) Improvement in car-starters
US144546A (en) Improvement in car-starters
US977407A (en) Running-gear for motor-vehicles.
US201700A (en) Improvement in car-starters
US175764A (en) Improvement in car-starters
US271661A (en) Car-starter
US146112A (en) Improvement in car-starters
US159645A (en) Improvement in car-starters
US239736A (en) Car-starter
US265547A (en) Car-starter