US1411755A - Signal for automobiles - Google Patents

Signal for automobiles Download PDF


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US1411755A US388675A US38867520A US1411755A US 1411755 A US1411755 A US 1411755A US 388675 A US388675 A US 388675A US 38867520 A US38867520 A US 38867520A US 1411755 A US1411755 A US 1411755A
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Stander Jacob
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    • B60Q1/00Arrangement of optical signalling or lighting devices, the mounting or supporting thereof or circuits therefor
    • B60Q1/26Arrangement of optical signalling or lighting devices, the mounting or supporting thereof or circuits therefor the devices being primarily intended to indicate the vehicle, or parts thereof, or to give signals, to other traffic
    • B60Q1/34Arrangement of optical signalling or lighting devices, the mounting or supporting thereof or circuits therefor the devices being primarily intended to indicate the vehicle, or parts thereof, or to give signals, to other traffic for indicating change of drive direction


M11355w Patented A1934, 1922 JACOB STANDER, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.
- SIGNAL non aurouomnns.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 4, 1922.
Application filed June 12, 1920. Serial No. 388,675.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JACOB STANDER, a citizen of-the United States, and resident of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Signals for Automobiles, .of which the following is a specification. 7
The present invention relates to signalling devices, particularly safety devices for attachment to automobiles.
The invention has for its principal object the provision of means, carried by an automobile and under control of its chauifeur or driver, for warning drivers of other vehicles traveling rearwardly of him as to his intentions, by indicating his arbitrarily selected purposed course, whereby liability of collision is obviated; a further object being -to provide a device of this character which is successfully operable under daylight or dark night conditions. I
The above named-and other objects are attained by employing .a plurality of seinaphores, means for mounting and operating said semaphores and means for illuminating them, and other novel features hereinafter fully described and specifically set forth in the annexed claims.
In the accompanying drawings forming part of this specification, Figure 1 is a face view of my improved device showing one of the semaphores raised to its position of warning. Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the several semaphores part1 raised. Fig.3isa sectional view taken on t e line 3-3 of Fig. 4. Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on the 'line 4-4 of Fig. 3. -Fi 5 is a View showing a means for operating t e levers; and Fig. 6 is a fragmentary view of part thereof.
In the embodiment of my invention illustrated by the drawings, 1 indicates a sheet metal casing embodying front and rear walls 2, 3 and s1de walls 4; said casing being mounted on a suitable standard 1 adapted for attachment in any suitable manner to the rear or to any desirablepart of an automobile.
Swingingly mounted within the casing 1,
are semaphores 5, 6 and 7, preferably three in number and shaped like a human hand and -forearm; these semaphores are respectively fulcrumed on a common pivot 8 extended laterally across the upper part of the casing 1, and they are respectively provided with a short lever-extension 9, to which is pivoted the upper end of a rod 10; these rods, at their respective lower ends, are in pivotal relation with levers 11, which swing on a common pivot 12 and are respectively provided with an outwardly extended part 13, for connection with ameans for imparting a downward swing to the lever 11, as a rod, cord chain or other device 14, adapted to lead to a point adjacent the chauffeur, whereby he may control and operate the semaphore.
In pivotal relation with a pin 15, extended across the upper part of the casing 1,-is a compound curved swinging door 16, whose inner surface bears on the semaphores 5, 6 and 7, whereby said door may be swung upwardly by any one of said semaphores; said door having a flange 17, at each side which clasp over the casing 1 when the door is in its closed or downwardly extended position, to prevent lateral oscillations of said arm.
Carried on the free end of- ,the door 16, is an electric lamp 18, whose feed wires 19 and 20 may lead to a suitable source of electric current supply carried by the vehicle, the
able switching means which may be operated by the chaifeur.
I do not confine myself to the employment of any specific switching means, nor to a specific means for operating the levers 11, as I believe that I am entitled to use various devices of a character adapted for ready manipulation by the chauffeur or driver of a vehicle to which my improvement may be attached.
The semaphores are each provided with a printed warning or announcement, preferably the word stop on the semaphore 5; the word right and an arrow pointing to "current adapted'to be controlled by any suitleftand an arrow pointing to the left on the semaphore 7 I may employ any desirable means for transmitting movement to the levers 11; in Figures 5 and 6 I have shown a compound lever device comprising a two-armed lever 21, fulcrumed on a fixed pivot 22, one arm of said lever pivoted to a rod 23 which is in pivotal engagement with the lever 11, and the other in pivotal engagement with a rod 24, which engages a member 25, of a crank 26 which is provided with a handle 27 for operating the crank; said crank being journaled through hangers 28 which may be suitably fixed on the rod 29 of a steering wheel of an automobile, or to anysuitable part of crating sa1d semaphores in succession, and a the vehicle towhich the device is attached.
In the operation and use of the invention, when a chauffeur decides to stop his machine he pulls the lever 11, which operates the semaphore 5, downwardly, this movementbeing transmitted to the semaphore 5, by means of its connecting rod 10, swings said semaphore upwardly and outwardly until it assumes a position at right angles with the casing 1, as indicated'by Fig. 1 of the drawings, thus indicating to any drivers located rearwardly of him that the intends to stop, the same operation being employed in relation to each of the other semaphores, depending on his intention to turn either to the right or left. At night when the chauffeur operates the semaphores he also switches on a current of electricit '"to light the lam 18; thus the device may e successfully emp oyed as a means for warning adjacent chaufieurs, either in daylight or darkness, to obviate liability of accidents and ,collisions.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
1. A vehicle signalling apparatus adapted for both day and night use comprising a plurality of swinging semaphores having each a different printed warning thereon,
casin means for said semaphores, and separate ever and connecting-rod means for opswinglng door adapted for operation by any one of sand semaphores, said door being gravity closable and having a lamp which is obscured within the caslng when the door is closed.
2. In a signal apparatusof the character described, the combination with a plurality of normall lin semap ores, and lever and connectingro means for independently operating them; of a door adapted to be closed by its own gravity, said door adapted to be opened by any one of said semaphores.
- 3. n a signal apparatus of the character described, the combination with a plurality of normally depending semaphores having each a printed warning thereon for daylight use, and a casing, and lever and connectingrod means for individually operating said semaphores, of a gravity closable swinging door having a lamp which is normally obscured Within said casing, said door adapted to be opened by any oneof said semaphores.
Signed at New'York cit in the county of New York and State 0 New York this eleventh day of June A. D. 1920.
Jason STANDEB depending foscillatable signal
US388675A 1920-06-12 1920-06-12 Signal for automobiles Expired - Lifetime US1411755A (en)

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