US1391276A - Machine for washing, saturating, and similarly treating textile fabrics and yarns in rope form - Google Patents

Machine for washing, saturating, and similarly treating textile fabrics and yarns in rope form Download PDF

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US1391276A
US1391276A US335144A US33514419A US1391276A US 1391276 A US1391276 A US 1391276A US 335144 A US335144 A US 335144A US 33514419 A US33514419 A US 33514419A US 1391276 A US1391276 A US 1391276A
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compartment
machine
rope
saturating
washing
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US335144A
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Roberts Frederic
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Calico Printers Association Ltd
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Calico Printers Association Ltd
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B3/00Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating
    • D06B3/24Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating of fabrics in roped form

Description

V F. ROBERTS. MACHINE FOR WASHING, SATURATING, AND SIMILARLY TREATING TE XTILE FABRICS AND YARNS IN ROPE FORM.

APPLICATION FILED NOV. 1, 1-919.

Patented Sept; 20, 1921.

2 SHEETSSHEET 1.

F. ROBERTS.

YARNS IN ROPE FORM.

MACHINE FOR WASHING, SATURATING, AND S IMILARLY TREATING TEXTILE FABRICS AND APPLICATION HLED NOV. 1, 191 9.

JZ 517 7/64 IIL1H A Z Patented Sept. 20,1921

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2- A TT'y,

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

FREDERIC ROBERTS, OF ACCRINGTON, ENGLAND, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO THE CALICO PRINTERS ASSOCIATION, LIMITED, OF MANCHESTER, ENGLAND.

MACHINE FOR WASHING, SATURATING, AND SIMILARLY TREATING TEXTILE FABRICS AND YARNS IN ROPE FORM.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Sept. 20, 1921.

Application filed November 1, 1919. Serial No. 385,144.

To all whom it may concern.

Be it known that I, FREDERIC ROBERTS, a subject of the King of Great Britain, residing atAccrington, in the county of Lancaster, England, have invented new and useful Improvements in Machines for Washing, saturating, and Similarly Treating Textile Fabrics and Yarns in Rope Form, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to improvements in machines for washing, saturating and similarly treating textile fabrics and yarns in rope form and is' of the type in which the I washing and saturation is effected in one operation, while the water or other saturating llquid flows through the machine against thedirection of progress of the rope of textile material.

According to my invention the machine consists of a main vat divided into compartments, say for example a series of ten compartments or more or less as required. Each compartment is provided with a false bottom and the water or other liquid is supplied to the bottom of the last compartment at the delivery end and rises upward through a perforated false bottom and overflows into the next compartment and so on throughout the series, finally overflowing from the first compartment.

The textile materials in rope form are drawn into the machine at the entry end and guided by an adjustable pot eye or other suitable form of guide, pass upward to a rotating fly winch or a pair of draw rollers, thence downward through a pot eye or equivalent guide if required but preferably direct and are plaited down in the first compartment, thence upward through adjustable pot eyes or equivalent guides to the winch or rollers and down to the second compartment and so on.

I illustrate my invention in the accompanying two sheets of drawings in which Figure 1 is a sectional elevation and Fig. 2 a cross section of a machine for washing, saturating and similarly treating textile materials in rope form made according to my invention.

Fig. 3 is a similar view to Fig-1 but on a larger scale and Fig. 4 is a plan of a slightly modified construction of the machine.

F i5. 5 is a detail view of an arran ement of a justable pot eyes for varying t e tension on the rope of material and Fig. 6 is a similar detail of an alternative arrangement of movable pegs for the same purpose.

Referring first to Figs. 1 and 2, a designates the main vat, which in the example illustrated, is shown divided into ten compartments, each of which is provided with a perforated false bottom I); o the supply pipe for supplying Water or other saturating liquid to the bottom of the last compartment and d the valve for controlling the supply pipe .0, e the rope of fibrous material; f the groups of adjustable pot eyes hereinafter described and f the single pot eyes through which the rope 6 passes on its way through the machine; 9 the rotating winch which is driven in any convenient manner and may be replaced by draw through rollers if preferred; h the intermediate pipe or passage leading from the top of one compartment to the bottom of the next; 2' outlet apertures for the overflow of scum from each compartment.

It will thus be seen that the rope e oftextile material guided by the pot eyes 7'' f is drawn into and through the machine by the rotating winch g or draw rollers and is plaited down progressively in each compartment from one to ten or other number as the case may be, on to the perforated false bottom I) placed therein, while the water or other saturating liquid from the'supply pipe 0 flows through the compartments on the counter current principle. The liquid rising up in each compartment overflows and passes down an intermediate passage or pipe h to the bottom of the next compartment, rising up through its perforated false bottom I) and thus throughout the series until it reaches the first compartment at the entrance end of the machine from whence it overflows.

The foreign matter in the textile materials is thus washed out and floated to the top of each compartment and escapes through overflows at the sides.

The rope e of saturated material while being lifted and traveled through the machine by the rotating winch g or draw rollers is scraped by the action of the adjustable and squeezing action of the guideson the rope of fibrous material.

Instead of the pot eyes f (Fig. 5) any other suitable form of adjustable guide may 'be employed as for example that shown in Fig. 6 which consists of two sets of pegs n a respectively mounted upon two movable boards 0 0' whereby the position of the two sets of pegs n n can be adjusted and the tension on the ropes e varied as required.

Referring now to Figs. 3 and 4, these views illustrate on a larger scale the same arrangement of main tank and compartments but slightly modified by the addition of a suitable arrangement of pipes j and controlling valves is by means of which the water or other saturating liquid supplied through the pipe 0 t0 the last compartment can be by-passed from any compartment to another so as to cut out each alternate compartment or any desired number of compartments as may be arranged. In the example illustrated it is possible to cut out each alternate compartment so as to get a wet compartment followed by a dry one.

\Vhat I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. In a machine for treating textiles in rope form, the combination of a liquid receptacle divided into a plurality of compartments, each having a perforated false bottom, each compartment communicating with a succeeding compartment below the false bottom thereof, means for supplying a liquid to the last compartment of the series, means for conducting a rope of textile material into and out of successive compartments, the direction of progressof said rope being counter to the fiow of liquid through the receptacle, and adjustable means for guiding said rope in its passage from one compartment to another.

2. In a machine for treating textiles in rope form, the combination of a liquid receptacle divided into a plurality of compartments, each having a perforated false bottom, each compartment communicating with a succeeding compartment below the false bottom thereof, valve-controlled bypasses communicating with some of said compartments, means for supplying a liquid to the last compartment of the series, means for conducting a rope of textile material into and out of successive compartments, the direction of progress of said rope being counter to the flow of liquid through the receptacle, and adjustable means for guiding said rope in its passage from one compartment to another. i

3. In a machine for treating textiles in rope form, the combination of a liquid receptacle divided into a plurality of compartments, each having a perforated false bottom, each compartment communicating with a succeeding compartment below the false bottom thereof, means for supplying a liquid to the last compartment of the series, a rotatable member coextensive with said receptacle, adjustable means for guiding a continuous rope of textile material alternately over said rotatable member and into the successive compartments whereby said rope is conducted into and out of each successive compartment, the direction of progress of said rope being counter to the flow of liquid through the receptacle.

4. In a machine for treating textiles in rope form. the combination of a liquid receptacle divided into a plurality of compartments, each having a perforated false bottom, each compartment communicating with a succeeding compartment below the false bottom thereof, means for supplying a liquid to the last compartment of the series, a rotatable member coextensive with said receptacle, a plurality of adjustable pot eyes between said rotatable member and each of said 'compartments for guiding a continuous rope of textile material alternately over said rotatable member and into the successive compartments, whereby said rope is conducted out of each compartment, over said rotatable member, and into the next succeeding compartment. the direction of progress of said rope being counter to the flow of liquid through the receptacle.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.

FREDERIC ROBERTS.

Witnesses S. IV. GILLETT, HERBERT ROWLAND ABBEY.

US335144A 1919-11-01 1919-11-01 Machine for washing, saturating, and similarly treating textile fabrics and yarns in rope form Expired - Lifetime US1391276A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2624190A (en) * 1948-12-27 1953-01-06 Colonial Print Works Inc Apparatus for treating webs of fabric
US2820279A (en) * 1954-05-19 1958-01-21 American Enka Corp Tube spinning
US4165548A (en) * 1977-04-19 1979-08-28 Bruckner Apparatebau Gmbh Process for the wet treatment of endless strands of textile material

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2624190A (en) * 1948-12-27 1953-01-06 Colonial Print Works Inc Apparatus for treating webs of fabric
US2820279A (en) * 1954-05-19 1958-01-21 American Enka Corp Tube spinning
US4165548A (en) * 1977-04-19 1979-08-28 Bruckner Apparatebau Gmbh Process for the wet treatment of endless strands of textile material

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