US1349897A - Life-float - Google Patents

Life-float Download PDF

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US1349897A
US1349897A US252026A US25202618A US1349897A US 1349897 A US1349897 A US 1349897A US 252026 A US252026 A US 252026A US 25202618 A US25202618 A US 25202618A US 1349897 A US1349897 A US 1349897A
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sections
float
diaphragm
adjacent
flange
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US252026A
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John H Mcdonah
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John H Mcdonah
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63CLAUNCHING, HAULING-OUT, OR DRY-DOCKING OF VESSELS; LIFE-SAVING IN WATER; EQUIPMENT FOR DWELLING OR WORKING UNDER WATER; MEANS FOR SALVAGING OR SEARCHING FOR UNDERWATER OBJECTS
    • B63C9/00Life-saving in water
    • B63C9/02Lifeboats, life-rafts or the like, specially adapted for life-saving
    • B63C9/04Life-rafts

Description

L H. MCDONAH.
LIFE FLOAT.
APPLICATION FILED AUG.30, I9I8.
PatentedAug. 17,1920.
3 SHEETS-SHEET l.
I. H. MCDONAH.
UFE FLoAT.
APPLICATION FILED AUG-30. 1918.
1,349,897, Patented Aug. 17, 1920.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
I. H. MCDUNAII.
LIFE FLOAT. APPLICATION FILED AUG.30, 1918.
1,349,897. Patented llg- 17, 920.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 3.
jveizof,
Bwwcwl UNITED STATESv JOHN H.. MCDONAH, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
LIFE-FLOAT.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented A110'. 117, 1920.
Application led August 30, 1918. Serial No. 252,026.
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, JoHN H. MoDoNAH, a citizen or' the United States, residing at Boston, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented an lmprovement in Life-Floats, of which the followingis a specification.
My invention relates to life iioats of the type in which the iloat, or buoyant, member is more or less circular in shape and incloses or surrounds the platform adapted to support the occupants of the float. Life floats of this type are generally constructed with a single hollow buoyant member which, for convenience oi' manufacture, is formed of a plurality of sections which are united with each other to form the completed buoyant member. The iioat, or buoyant, member is divided into a plurality ot watertight compartments by diaphragms or separating partitions which serve to prevent the entire member ilooding in the event of a leak in any particular section thereof.
In the construction of the float it has been universal practice to imite the several sections comprising the float, or buoyant, member by means of lap joints; in which lthe end of one section is fitted within the end of the adjacent section and the overlapping` ends are riveted to unite and secure the adjacent sections. ln order to make the joints water-tight, they are soldered or brazed.
In this type of float member, the diaphragms or partitions by which means the member is divided into watertight compartments, are spaced approximately midway between the ends of each section and secured therein by riveting and soldering. ln other constructions, the separating diaphragms are placed near the end or' each section and secured therein in a similarl manner.
The above-described form of joint) between the float member sections and the arrangement of the separating diaphragms in the sections has several disadvantages. A comparatively great amount of time is required to assemble the separate sections into the desired form because there is no definite distance that one section may lap or extend Within or over the adjacent section and each section must be adjusted with respect to the other sections until the proper shape of the float member is obtained.
Each joint must be riveted to secure the adjacent sections, and thereafter brazed or soldered to secure the joint against leakage. The soldered or brazed lap joint possesses little inherent ability to resist deformation due to shocks and the joint may therefore be easily damaged and open, thereby permitting the flooding oi a compartment.
The separating diaphragms, as previouslv stated, have heretofore been placed at about the middle of the sections or near the ends thereof. Considerable labor is involved in securing the diaphragrns in position at about the middle of the sections because of difficulty of access to the diaphragm; and the soldering' of the joint between the diaphragm and section has an element oi' danger for the workman as he must be coniined in the section with the acid Yiumes evolved during' the soldering operation.
Less diiiicnlty is experienced in securing the diaphragms in place in the ends oif' thc sections, yet such a position is undesirable for, when the sections with partitions secured therein are assembled to form the completed float member, and the lap joints connectingthe adjacent sections are brazed or soldered, theheat of such bracing or soldering is conducted through the metal of the section to the soldered joint sealing the diaphragm and the section and melts the solder, thereby opening the joint and resulting in a leaky compartment.
An object of my invention is in the provision of a life iloat having a float, or buoyant, member, formed of a plurality of sections, each oi which has a flanged end portion for connection with the complemental flanged end portion of the adjacent section,
whereby the sections may be rapidly assembled to form the iioat or buoyant member.
A further object oi my invention is in the provision of a separatingr diaphragm or partition dividing each section into a watertight compartment on the end oi each scction and in the connection or joint between two adjacent sections which diaphragm or' partition will serve as a connecting and separating member between the adjacent sections.
The diaphragm is, or may be. formed with a portion which is adapted to be turned down over the flange on one end of a section to thereby secure said diaphragm on the end of the section and the adjacent section is provided with a portion adapted to be turned down over the downturned edge of the diaphragm on the other section, thereby securely uniting both sections through the diaphragm.
rlhe down-turned ends or edges of the diaphragm and one section'are adapted to terminate close to the main body of the other section and to be soldered orA brained thereto, thereby forming a water-tight joint. By this arrangement, the joints er connectionsbetween adjacent sections of the float are able to resist a considerable impact without opening to admit water into the float member as the flange and diapl'iragm form a rigid wall to prevent distortion ci the oint. As the brazed or soldered portion of the joint is at the base of the flange, it is protected from injury by the upstanding flange.
Other objects of my invention reside in the specific construction of the life lioatrand the float, or buoyant, member thereof.
Y Figure 1 is a plan view of a life float embodying my invention.
VFig. 2 is a partial section, in elevation, of the float of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a detail of certain of the float member sections and the diaphragm, illustrating the method of' uniting the adjacent sections and the interposed diaphragms.
Fig. l is a cross-'section of a section of the Al Jat member and the protective covering for 'he float member.
F ig. 5 is an enlarged detail of the completed oint between two adjacent sections.
Figs. 6 and 7 are details'to be referred to.
Fig. 8 is a detail of a modified means for suspending the guard netting between the float member and platform `from the float member.
As here shown, the completed and assembled float member 10 is substantially in the forni of an oval and incloses a platform l1 which is suspended Vfrom the float member 1() by a plurality of ropes or cables 12 a suitable distance below the iioat member when tue life float is in the water.
I he float member is formed of a plurality of hollow sections, as 13 and 14C, united to form the completed member. Each float member section is formed of two half portions united by means of the longitudinal lock joints 15 to form a complete circular section. Such an arrangement is desirable, especially in the larger sizes of. sections, to
facilitate the manufacture ofl the same, al-
though it is obvious that, if desirable, the sections may be formed of a single sheet of material if4 such construction has advana male flanged end and a femaleY flanged the flanges 17 and 1S of said male and female *flanged ends respectively, are perpendicular to the'longitudinal axis of the section, but on those sections adapted to form the end portions of' the float member, the flanges are at an'angle to the longitudinal axis of the section, as shown at 14a.
The diaphragm 2O is formed vof sheet material and has its edge turned over, previous to assembly, torform a flange at substantially right angles to the main body thereof, as at 2l. The inner diameter of said flange is slightlygreater than the diameter of the flange 17 on the float member section and, in the assemblyV of the float member, the diaphragm is arranged on the end of the section, over said flange 17 and the flanged portion 21 of said diaphragm is Vturned down over the flange 17 thereby securing the diaphragm to the end of the section.
The end of the section, with the diaphragnr secured thereon, is then inserted in the 'i'emale end of the adjacent section and the portion 19 of' the flanged end thereof turned down over the turned-down portion of the diaphragm on the other section, thereby locking the two sections together withthe diaphragm between-the sections and at the junction of the sections. Y l
rlhe lengths of the down-turned portions 21 and 19 of diaphragm'and section` respectively are arranged to be such that the edges thereof'are not in alinement but are staggered or spaced slightly from each other, as shown more clearly in Fig. 5, whereby solder or brazing material mayV be run in between the edges of the flanges andV thermain body of the section and each edge independently secured to the body of the section.
liVith this form of joint uniting the sections, the joint becomes exceedingly strong as the flanges and'diaphragms form, a solid wall to resist any shock or impact: furthermore, the soldered or brazed joint is at the base of the fiange, in which position it is but slightly affected by any bendingv ordistortion of the flange orsections. l
Plugs 24 are detachably secured in the side walls of the sections whereby the tight;
ness of the compartments maybe tested.
A protective Vcovering of Wood, preferablyof a light specific gravity, is arranged to covereachsection of the float'membler. rfhis covering is vpreferablyY composed of a number of staves 25 tongued and grooved and cut on a radius equal to that of the section to be covered, or they may be formed without the tongue and groove, as shown in Fig. 7, to form a solid cylinder inclosing each section. Due to its shape, the protective coveringpossesses considerable strength and, by its strength and-resiliency, serves IGC to protect the walls of the section from damage due to a blow or impact.
One or more layers of canvas are arranged over the wooden cylinder and may be secured to the cylinder after it is formed in place over the sections, or the canvas may be secured to the strips or staves forming the cylinder before the staves are arranged on the sections and the canvas with the attached strips may then be arranged about each section.
The staves of the protective covering for each section extend between the flanges uniting the adjacent sections, which staves are of such a thickness as to extend somewhat above said flanges to protect said flanges from injury. The ends of the cylinders are recessed to receive the flanges and permit the adjacent ends to abut to thereby form a smooth surface on the float member.
The supporting means for the platform 11 includes a plurality of belts 30, which are arranged at suitable intervals on the float member and buckled thereon and ropes 12 are extended between said platform and said belts and secured to said belts. For this purpose each belt is doubled or folded upon itself and the folded portions are extended through the links 32, as shown in Fig. 6, and rinO's 33 are arranged in the loops, to which rings the ropes are secured.
Other ropes or lines 31 are connected to the float member and extended entirely around it, on the top and bottom and outer diameter thereof and may be extended through loops in the belts as in Fig. l, 0r rings 35 may be arranged on and secured to the canvas covering of the float member sections and to `which the ropes are or may be secured; the ropes in this case being short lengths extended between the plurality of rings arranged on the float member. This method of connecting the ropes or lines to the rings is more clearly shown in Fig. 7.
A guard net is arranged betweenthe float member and the platform, being secured therebetween in any convenient manner, as, for instance, in Fig. 2 or Fig. 8.
I claim l. A hollow tubular float construction comprising a plurality of independent tubular sections having means by which they are joined together with each section independently watertight, comprising a flanged male end and a flanged female end on each section, the male and female ends of adjacent sections adapted to be secured together, and a connecting and separating member arranged in the connection between the adjacent sections.
y"-i hollow tubular float construction vcomprising a plurality of independent tubuently watertight comprising outstanding flanged ends on each section, a diaphragm arranged between Vthe sections having its edge turned down over the flange of one section thereby to secure said diaphragm to said section and the flange of an adjacent section turned down over the downturned edge of the diaphragm on the other section thereby to unite said sections through said diaphragm.
3. A hollow tubular float construction comprising a plurality of independent tubular sections having means by which they are joined together with each section independently watertight comprising outstanding flanged ends on each section, a diaphragm arranged between the sections having its edge turned down over the flange o f one section thereby to secure said diaphragm to said section and the flange o f an adjacent section turned down over the down-turned edge of the diaphragm on the other section thereby to unite said sections through said diaphragm and leak testing plugs in the independent sections.
4l. A hollow tubular float construction comprising a plurality of independent tubular sections having means by which they are joined together by each section independently watertight comprising outstanding flanged ends on each section, a portion of the flange of one section being turned down over the flange of an adjacent section thereby to unite the sections, said flanged connection outstanding from the body of the sections, and the edges of the down-turned flange terminating at the base of the flanged connection adjacent the body of the section, and sealing material between said edge and body to form a water-tight connection between the sections, said outstanding flange protecting said sealed connection from dam age by impact.
5. A hollow tubular float construction comprising a plurality of independent tubular sections having means by which they are joined together with each section independently water-tight comprising, diaphragms in the connections between the adjacent sections, independent joints uniting each section to the interposed diaphragms, said joints being on the outside of the sections, and each joint separately sealed by a sealing medium to separately seal each section against leakage between adjacent sections.
In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
Joli-nv H. MCDONAH.
Witnesses:
H. B. DAvrs, T. T. GREENWOOD.
US252026A 1918-08-30 1918-08-30 Life-float Expired - Lifetime US1349897A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2474479A (en) * 1944-06-08 1949-06-28 L A Young Spring & Wire Corp Life raft or float
US2984845A (en) * 1959-06-05 1961-05-23 John A Mosesso Combination boat and trailer
US4213219A (en) * 1978-06-30 1980-07-22 East Wind Industries, Inc. Tensioning device for an inflatable structure
US20040049848A1 (en) * 2002-06-18 2004-03-18 Boyd Peter Dunbar Water-swung hammock
WO2006011971A2 (en) * 2004-06-25 2006-02-02 Boyd Peter D Water swung hammock
US8915010B1 (en) * 2012-06-13 2014-12-23 Lance Gardner Floating fishing gear holding assembly

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2474479A (en) * 1944-06-08 1949-06-28 L A Young Spring & Wire Corp Life raft or float
US2984845A (en) * 1959-06-05 1961-05-23 John A Mosesso Combination boat and trailer
US4213219A (en) * 1978-06-30 1980-07-22 East Wind Industries, Inc. Tensioning device for an inflatable structure
US20040049848A1 (en) * 2002-06-18 2004-03-18 Boyd Peter Dunbar Water-swung hammock
US6931678B2 (en) * 2002-06-18 2005-08-23 Peter Dunbar Boyd Water-swung hammock
WO2004112534A2 (en) * 2003-06-17 2004-12-29 Boyd Peter D Water-swung hammock
WO2004112534A3 (en) * 2003-06-17 2005-09-22 Peter D Boyd Water-swung hammock
WO2006011971A2 (en) * 2004-06-25 2006-02-02 Boyd Peter D Water swung hammock
WO2006011971A3 (en) * 2004-06-25 2007-05-10 Peter D Boyd Water swung hammock
US8915010B1 (en) * 2012-06-13 2014-12-23 Lance Gardner Floating fishing gear holding assembly

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