US1344052A - Radiotelegraphy - Google Patents

Radiotelegraphy Download PDF

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Publication number
US1344052A
US1344052A US18590717A US1344052A US 1344052 A US1344052 A US 1344052A US 18590717 A US18590717 A US 18590717A US 1344052 A US1344052 A US 1344052A
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Prior art keywords
resistance
circuit
arc
antenna
current
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Expired - Lifetime
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Roland G Marx
Leonard F Fuller
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FED TELEGRAPH CO
FEDERAL TELEGRAPH Co
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FED TELEGRAPH CO
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Priority to US18590717 priority Critical patent/US1344052A/en
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Publication of US1344052A publication Critical patent/US1344052A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L27/00Modulated-carrier systems
    • H04L27/02Amplitude-modulated carrier systems, e.g. using on-off keying; Single sideband or vestigial sideband modulation
    • H04L27/04Modulator circuits; Transmitter circuits

Description

are. MARX AND L. F. FULLER.

RADIOTELEGRAPHY.

APPLICATION HLEp AUG-I3. 1917.

Patented June 22, 1920.

INVENTORS R. s. MARX- F. FULLER UNITED STATES,

PATENT OFFICE.

ROLAND G. MARX, OF PALO ALTO, AND LEONARD F..FULLER OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, ASSIGNORS TO FEDERAL TELEGRAPH COMPANY, OF SAN FRAN- CISCO, CALIFORNIA, A CORPORATION OF CALIFORNIA.

RADIOTELEGRAPHY.

. specification of Letters Patent. Patented June 22, 1920.

Application filed August 13, 1917. Serial No. 185,907.

' To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that We, ROLAND G. MARX and LEONARD F. FULLER, citizens of the United States, and residents, respectively, of

lalo Alto, Santa Clara county, and the city and county of San Francisco, both in the State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Radio-' telegraphy, of specification.

The invention relates to means of signaling and particularly to means for signaling with are radio transmitters.

which the following is a An object of the invention is to provide means for signaling by varying the antenna current.

Another object of the invention is to provide means for signaling which requires the handling of only relatively small. currents.

A further object of the invention is to provide means for successively establishing and interrupting the arc.

The invention possesses other advantageous features, some of which, with the foregoing, will be SQtfOIllll at length in the following description, where we shall outline in full,

that form of the invention which we have selected for illustration in the drawings accompanying and forming part of the present specification. It is to be understood,

however, that the invention as expressed inthe'claims is not limited to the specific embodiment shown in the drawings.

Referring to said drawings: Figure 1 is a diagrammatic representation of one form of the system which is particularly applicable to high-powered stations.

Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic representation of a form of the system which is particularly applicable to low-powered stations.

The present system providesa means of signaling which contemplates a variation of the antenna current by varying the resistance of the antenna circuit and the resistance is inserted without opening or closing the antenna circuit. \Vhen the resistance of the antenna circuit is increased, the antenna current and the current across the arc is de-' creased, the amount of decrease depending upon the resistance added. In practice we prefer to reduce the radiation, that is antenna current, to nearly zero. NVith large arcs, that is, high-powered arcs, the arc does not go out when the arc current is reduced,

but; small arcs are more unstable and are liable to. go out and in order to insure reliability ofoperation, we prefer to employ means for reigniting the arc, should it become extinguished.

It is practically impossible to insert into and remove from the antenna circuit at telegraphic speed, a sufficient resistance to vary the radiation to nearly zero, or to reduce it any considerable amount without severe sparking. In accordance with our inven tion we introduce into the system, a resistance which has the equivalent effect of introducing the resistance. directly into the antenna circuit and this is so introduced that the handling of large currents and sparking or arcing at the contacts is'practically avoided.

The transmission system comprises an arc oscillation generator 2 which is grounded on one side, preferably the negative, and

connected on the other side to the antenna 3 through the variable inductance 4. Direct current'is supplied to the arc generator by the generator 5', and a choke coil 6 is arranged in the lead '7 connected to the an- The are is subjected tenna side of the arc. to a strong transverse magnetlc field produced by the magnet coils 8 which may be loading inductance 4 which becomes in effect an auto-transformer. We prefer to make the value of the resistance in ohms substantially equal to the reactance in ohms at radio frequency of the turns of the inductance which are shunted by the resistance circuit in order to cause a maximum energy loss in the resistance.

.When the key 13 is open no current is flowing in the resistance circuit, so that the key may be closed without producing appreciable arcing. As soon as: the key is closed, the arc current is reduced-to nearly zero, so that when the key is opened, no appreciable arcing will occur. \Vhen the key is pressed to open the resistance circuit the full current is delivered-to the antenna. In small stations the are is often not sufficiently stable to permit of this action, but goes out when the resistance losses occur in the antenna circuit, hence means are provided for reigniting it.

In Fig. 2 we have shown one means which may be employed in reigniting the are, this means being so arranged thatthe arc is ignited as the resistance circuit opened. Connected across the arc is a spark circuit containing the spark gap 14,.the secondary of the transformer 15 and the capacity 16, shunting the secondary. A stopping resistance 17 is arranged between the spark gap and the antenna side of the are to prevent direct current sutlicient to maintairtan are across the spark gap from following the radio frequency current across the spark gap and passing through the secondary. The primary of the transformer is in series with an alternating current generator 18 and a switch 19 is attached to the key 13 by an insulating rod 21. \Vhen the resistance circuit is opened, the circuit through the primary of the transformer is closed, producing a high potential in the spark circuit and producing a spark across the spark gap which sets up radio frequency surges which ignite the arc.

\Ve claim:

1. An are system for radio signaling, comprising a current supply and antenna circuit connected to an arc and means for ap preciably increasing the resistance of the an tenna circuit whereby the-current in the antenna is reduced below signaling value.

2. An arc system for radio signaling, com prising a current supply and antenna circuit connected to an arc, an inductance in the antenna circuit and a circuit containing an appreciaba resistance arranged in shunt around said imluctancc. the closing of the resistance circuit serving to reduce the arc current below signaling value.

3. .\n arc system for radio signaling, comprising a current supply and antenna circuit connected to an arc, an inductance in theantenna circuit, a circuit containing an ape preciable resistance in shunt around said in ductance and means for opening and closing the resistance circuit. the closing of the resistance circuit serving to reduce the arc current below signaling value.

4. An are system for radio signaling, com- )risin it current SLl))l and antenna (11'- cuit connected to an are, an inductance in the antenna circuit, and a circuit containing resistance arranged to shunt said inductance, the value of the resistance in ohms approximating the reactance at radio frequency in ohms of the shunted inductance.

5. An arc system for radio signaling, comprising a current supply and antenna circuit connected to an are, an inductance in the antenna circuit, a circuit containing an appreciable resistance arranged in shunt around the inductance, the value of the resistance in ohms approximating the reactance at radio frequency in ohms of the shunted inductance, and a signaling key in said shunt circuit.

6. An are system for radio signaling, comprising a current supply and antenna cir-- cuit connected to an are, an inductance in the antenna circuit, an appreciable resistance connected across a portion of the inductance and a signaling key in the resistance circuit, closing of the key serving to reduce the arc current below signaling value.

7. An are system for radio signaling, comprising an are subjected to a strong transverse magnetic field, a current supply and antenna circuit connected to the are, means for decreasing the antenna current whereby the arc is extinguished and means for reigniting the arc.

8 An are system for radio signaling, cornprising an are subjected to a strong transverse magntic field, a current supply and antenna circuit connected to the are, an inductance in the antenna circuit, a circuit containing resistance shunting a portion of said inductance, a signaling key in said re sistance circuit, and means operative in time with the opening of said key for producing a spark across the are.

9. An are system for radio signaling, comprising a current supply and antenna circuit connected to an are, an inductance in the antenna circuit, a circuit containing resistance shunting a portion of said inductance, a signaling key in said resistance circuit, the closing of said key serving to extinguish the arc and means for reigniting the are.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand at Honolulu, H., this 19th day of July, 1917.

ROLAND G. MARX. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand at San Francisco, Calif, this 31st day of July, 1917.

LEONARD F. FULLER.

US18590717 1917-08-13 1917-08-13 Radiotelegraphy Expired - Lifetime US1344052A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090299275A1 (en) * 2000-02-09 2009-12-03 Micrus Corporation Apparatus for deployment of micro-coil using a catheter

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090299275A1 (en) * 2000-02-09 2009-12-03 Micrus Corporation Apparatus for deployment of micro-coil using a catheter

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