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US1329893A - Wall construction - Google Patents

Wall construction Download PDF

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Publication number
US1329893A
US1329893A US27761019A US1329893A US 1329893 A US1329893 A US 1329893A US 27761019 A US27761019 A US 27761019A US 1329893 A US1329893 A US 1329893A
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Prior art keywords
blocks
wall
building
inner
outer
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Expired - Lifetime
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Flynn Dennis John
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Flynn Dennis John
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/42Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities
    • E04B2/44Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position; Spacers for cavity walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0243Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins or keys
    • E04B2002/0252Dovetail keys

Description

D. J. FLYNN.v

WALL CONSTRUCTION.

APPLICATION HLEDTEB. l7. I9l9.

"1,329,893, Patented Feb. 3,1920.

' v 2 SHEETS-SHEET l- I 4 ATTORNEYS x 7 3 l4 v ail STATES P T OFFICE-1 nnnnrsronn FLYNN, or new nnonswrox. NEW JERSEY.

WALL CONSTRUCTION.

Toall whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, DENNIS a citizenof the United States, and a resident of New Brunswick, in the county of Middlesex and Stateof New Jersey, have 1nvented a new and Improved Wall Construction, of whichthe following is a full, clear, and exact description.

The invention relates to walls of houses and other structures formed of outer and inner sections; with an air space between them. 7 The object of the invention is to provide a ew and improved wall construction formed of hollow building blocks and arranged to securely tie the building blocksof the inner and outer wall sections together to. insure face thereof to building, the wall hangln s,

mer heat from penetrating the wall.

the formation of an exceedingly strong and durable wall. Another object is to prevent sweating of the wall and to prevent moisture from passing through the wall to the inner the detriment of the occuants of the urniture and the llke OOntH.lI18d 1Il t e rooms. Another object is to prevent cold frompenetrating the wall into the rooms of the building duringthe winter thus permitting of keeping the rooms comfortably warm on a moderate expenditure of fuel. Another. object is to keep the rooms cool during the summer time for preventing sum- Another obje ct is to permit the mason to quickly and accurately build the wall without requiring undue physicalexertion or high skill.

With these and other objects in view, the invention consists of certain novel" features of construction as hereinafter shown and described and then specifically pointed out in the claim.

' Y of a hollow building block; and

Fig. 5 is a similar view of another modi A-practic'al embodiment of the invention is represented in the accompanying drawings forming a part of thisspeclfication, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views.

Figure 1 1s a erspective view of a portion of the improved wall construction; v

' Fig. 2 is a plan view of the improved wall construction;

Fig. 3 is a-per'spective view or one ofthe v f 16 at a corner of the inner wall section 1Ov orm,

hollow buildin blocks; Fig. 4 is a p an view' of a modified fied' form of hollow building block.

. Specification of Letters ratent.

JOHN FLYNN,

, bottom of each v mg blocks in 11 are arranged in pairs with the pivotal.

Patented Feb. 3, 1920.

Application filed February 17, 1919. Serial No. 277,810.

The wall of a house or other structure ls formed of an inner section 10 andan outer section 11, the sections being spaced apart to provlde a dead air space 12 between the inner and outer wall. sections 10 and 11, as

plainly indicated in' Figs. 1 and 2. Each ofthe wall sections 10 and 11 is formed of courses of hollow building blocks 15 and 16, .of which the hollow buildin blocks 15 are alike in. size and shape an are 'usedfor the formation of the main portion of the corresponding wall section 10 or 11. 'ThB blocks 16 are similar to the blocks 15 exce tthat they are of less width and are main y used at the corners of the inner wall section 10, as lainly shown in Figs; 1 and 2. Each of the locks 15 is provided with at least one row of vertically dis osed openings 17 but' for thicker 'buildin locks another row of openings 18 is added as shown in Fig. 4,

and for still thicker blocks a third row of openlngs 19 is added as indicated in- Fig. 5. Each of the building blocks 16 is rovlded wlth only one vertical opening 20 ut it is expressly understood that I do not limit my- 7 self to the number of openings in any one of the building blocks '15 or 16.

In order. to tie the building blocks of a.

courseof building blocks in the inner and outer wall sections 10' and( 11 together the following arrangement is made: the building blocks 15 or 16 is provided on its inner face with vertically dis osed dovetail grooves 25 extendin from tiie top to the building block and the buildthe two wall sections 10 and wall sections 10 and 11 are engaged by. dove Each of tail tongues 26 formed on the sldes of a tie plate or-tile 27 extending across the air space .12. 7 It will be noticed that by the arran ement. described each pair of building bloc s inthe inner and outer wall sections 10 and 11 are securely tied together by the strong and durable wall construction without materially interfering with the dead air the wider bui ding blocks at the corner of the outer wall section 11, as will be readily um derstood by reference to Figs. 1 and 2. The

tie plate .27 thus providing an extremely) Q i aaaaaes .tie plates 27 of one course of building blocks are out of alinement with the tie plates in the preceding course, and although but one tie plate is necessary for a pear of buildin blocks, of the inner and outer sections 10 an 11 I do not limit myself to this arrangement as two or more tie plates mag be used for I each pair of building blocks, i

desired.

a In, practice, the building blocks in one course break joint with the building blocks in the preceding course and at the same time the grooves 25 of the building blocks in one course are out of register with the grooves 2-5 of the building blocks in the preceding of the tering grooves of a pair of buildin in one course rests at its lower en to be applied to the outer and inner faces of the walls. By reference to Fig. 1 it will be noticed that the grooves 30 of the building blocks in one course are out of register with the grooves 30'in the building blocks of the preceding course toinsure a proper adherence of.stucco or plaster.

It is understood that the blocks are laid 1n mortar or cement in the usual manner.

Although the building blocks in general referably made of hard burned clay orare simi ar material, for the inner section soft blocks known as nailin 11y and safely used wit out danger of moisblocks can be readture assin -.into' the room. The buildin P E g blocks of t e outer section of the Wall are preferably of hard burned clay but building blocks of terra cotta or building blocks having enameled or glazed faces may be used to heighten the architectural appear- .ance of the building;

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent A'wall construction, comprising inner and outer wall sections spaced apart to provide a dead air space between them, each section being formed of hollow building blocks .provided at their inner faces with vertically disposed dovetail grooves, of" which the dovetail grooves ofthe blocks of the inner wall section are in register with the dovetail grooves in the blocks of the outer wall section,'and tying plates, one for each pair a of oppositely disposed. building blocks of the inner and outer sections, each tying plate terminating at its sides in dovetail tongues engaging a pair of register'n dovetail grooves in a pair of opposite buil ing blocks to tie each pair of building blocks together, the dovetail grooves in the building blocks of one course of the inner or outer wall section being out of vertical alinement with the dovetail grooves of the building .blocks in the next lower course of buildin blocks in the inner or outer wall sections w ereby portions of said blocks between said grooves underlie said grooves of the next upper course to provide seats forthe lower ends of the said tying plates to rest on, thus holding the tying plates in one course of building blocks against downward movement.

DENNIS JOHN FLYNN. I

US1329893A 1919-02-17 1919-02-17 Wall construction Expired - Lifetime US1329893A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2700294A (en) * 1950-05-26 1955-01-25 Banneyer Joseph Building wall
US2817965A (en) * 1955-06-13 1957-12-31 Roger M Angelini Composite building block
EP0112213A1 (en) * 1982-11-25 1984-06-27 Vibro Ouest S.A. Externally insulated breeze-block and process for assembling such a block
FR2566817A1 (en) * 1984-06-28 1986-01-03 Ortiz Antoine Construction element consisting of two blocks joined by a spacer
US4597236A (en) * 1984-07-10 1986-07-01 Braxton James S Hollow wall construction
US4703602A (en) * 1985-09-09 1987-11-03 National Concrete Masonry Association Forming system for construction
US4731968A (en) * 1982-04-23 1988-03-22 Daniele Obino Concrete formwork component
EP0267374A2 (en) * 1986-11-11 1988-05-18 Raimund Rimmele Brick
US5350256A (en) * 1991-11-26 1994-09-27 Westblock Products, Inc. Interlocking retaining walls blocks and system
US20060027226A1 (en) * 2004-08-06 2006-02-09 Custom Precast & Masonry, Inc. Method and device for creating a decorative block feature
US20060207206A1 (en) * 2005-03-17 2006-09-21 Everett Steve E Structural building block system and method comprising same
US20100310324A1 (en) * 2008-11-05 2010-12-09 Allan Block Corporation Multi-component retaining wall block
US20130008104A1 (en) * 2009-10-02 2013-01-10 Michele Caboni Building construction for making transpirable walls and floors
US8708608B2 (en) 2010-09-15 2014-04-29 Allan Block Llc Stackable segmental retaining wall block
US20140150361A1 (en) * 2012-11-30 2014-06-05 8168202 Canada Inc. Building block with insulating core
US8863465B2 (en) * 2011-09-23 2014-10-21 Allan Block, Llc Stackable wall block system
US9003734B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2015-04-14 Allan Block, Llc Multi-component retaining wall block with natural stone appearance
WO2015199622A1 (en) * 2014-06-23 2015-12-30 Thoopphonthap Phiproei Precast reinforced concrete walls h-shape
CN105421639A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-23 湖南科技大学 Cast-in-place concrete hollow floor inner mold system with indoor air refreshing function
US20160289952A1 (en) * 2013-12-07 2016-10-06 Dean Holding Corporation Bridge System For Multi-Stage Walls

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2700294A (en) * 1950-05-26 1955-01-25 Banneyer Joseph Building wall
US2817965A (en) * 1955-06-13 1957-12-31 Roger M Angelini Composite building block
US4731968A (en) * 1982-04-23 1988-03-22 Daniele Obino Concrete formwork component
EP0112213A1 (en) * 1982-11-25 1984-06-27 Vibro Ouest S.A. Externally insulated breeze-block and process for assembling such a block
FR2566817A1 (en) * 1984-06-28 1986-01-03 Ortiz Antoine Construction element consisting of two blocks joined by a spacer
US4597236A (en) * 1984-07-10 1986-07-01 Braxton James S Hollow wall construction
US4703602A (en) * 1985-09-09 1987-11-03 National Concrete Masonry Association Forming system for construction
EP0267374A2 (en) * 1986-11-11 1988-05-18 Raimund Rimmele Brick
EP0267374A3 (en) * 1986-11-11 1988-10-05 Raimund Rimmele Brick
US5350256A (en) * 1991-11-26 1994-09-27 Westblock Products, Inc. Interlocking retaining walls blocks and system
US5688078A (en) * 1991-11-26 1997-11-18 Westblock Products, Inc. Interlocking retaining walls blocks and system
US7124754B2 (en) 2004-08-06 2006-10-24 Custom Precast & Masonry, Inc. Method and device for creating a decorative block feature
US20060027226A1 (en) * 2004-08-06 2006-02-09 Custom Precast & Masonry, Inc. Method and device for creating a decorative block feature
US7472520B2 (en) * 2005-03-17 2009-01-06 Steve Eugene Everett Structural building block system and method comprising same
US20060207206A1 (en) * 2005-03-17 2006-09-21 Everett Steve E Structural building block system and method comprising same
US20100310324A1 (en) * 2008-11-05 2010-12-09 Allan Block Corporation Multi-component retaining wall block
US8851803B2 (en) 2008-11-05 2014-10-07 Allan Block, Llc Multi-component retaining wall block
US20130008104A1 (en) * 2009-10-02 2013-01-10 Michele Caboni Building construction for making transpirable walls and floors
US8708608B2 (en) 2010-09-15 2014-04-29 Allan Block Llc Stackable segmental retaining wall block
US8863465B2 (en) * 2011-09-23 2014-10-21 Allan Block, Llc Stackable wall block system
US9003734B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2015-04-14 Allan Block, Llc Multi-component retaining wall block with natural stone appearance
US20140150361A1 (en) * 2012-11-30 2014-06-05 8168202 Canada Inc. Building block with insulating core
US20160289952A1 (en) * 2013-12-07 2016-10-06 Dean Holding Corporation Bridge System For Multi-Stage Walls
WO2015199622A1 (en) * 2014-06-23 2015-12-30 Thoopphonthap Phiproei Precast reinforced concrete walls h-shape
CN105421639A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-23 湖南科技大学 Cast-in-place concrete hollow floor inner mold system with indoor air refreshing function

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