US1321312A - Combination-tool - Google Patents

Combination-tool Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1321312A
US1321312A US1321312DA US1321312A US 1321312 A US1321312 A US 1321312A US 1321312D A US1321312D A US 1321312DA US 1321312 A US1321312 A US 1321312A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
opening
straight edge
shank
tool
implement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1321312A publication Critical patent/US1321312A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43LARTICLES FOR WRITING OR DRAWING UPON; WRITING OR DRAWING AIDS; ACCESSORIES FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43L9/00Circular curve-drawing or like instruments
    • B43L9/02Compasses
    • B43L9/04Beam compasses

Description

COMBINATION TOOL.
APPLIQATION FILED JUNE 15. 1918.
1,3213 1 2. Patented Nov. 11, 1919.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
COMBINATION TOVOL. APPLICATION FILED JUNE 15. ma.
Patnted Nov. 11, 1919.
2 SHEETSSHEET 2- FBI 1672107? W ZWZZ:
WILLIAM R. J'OOSS, OF CLEVELAND,-O HIO.
COMBINATION-TOOL.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed Jjune 15, 1918. Serial No. 240,169.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM R. Jooss, a citizen of the United States, resldmg at Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Combination- Tools, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to a combination tool which is more particularly designed for the purpose of making measurements, and in certain respects is the equivalent of a tram mel, although it has other functions 1n addi- Fig. 3 is a bottom plan view; Fig. 4 is anelevation showing in more detail a portlon of the construction; Fig. 5 is a sectional elevation through a portion of the tool; Fig. 6 is a sectional elevation through another portion of the tool; Fig. 7 is a transverse section through aportion of the tool; Fig. 8 is an elevation more or less diagrammatic in character, showing certain of the implements forming a part of the tool; Fig. 9 is a side elevation of the construction shown in Fig. 8; Fig. 10 is a side elevation with portions in section of an implement for use in connection with the tool; Fig. 11 is an elevation of an implement used in connection with the tool; Fig. 12 is an elevation with portions in section of an implement adapted for use in connection with the tool; and Fig. 13 is an elevation of the implement shown in Fig. 12.
The device com rises a straight edge member which is in icated at 1. In order to adapt the tool for various, uses, this member 1 is provided with graduations in inches and fractions thereof, the fractions into which the inches are divided being varied so as to provide a plurality of scales measuring in eighths, sixteenths, thirty-seconds and sixtyfourths of an inch. Obviously the particular graduations mentioned are not in any sense limiting, as the scales having other degrees of graduation may be used with equal fashould be had to the accom-v cility. The straight edge 1, upon one side Patented Nov. 11, 1919.
thereof, is provided with-a groove 2, which extends longitudinally of the straight edge. This groove is preferably located at substan tially the center of the member 1.
Secured at one end of the straight edge is a fixture 3, this being immovable when once mounted uponthe straight edge, and is securedto the straight edge in a manner which will be subsequently described.
There is also a movable element or member 4 which has a part that engages with the groove 2 so that as the member 4 is moved along the member 1 it is guided by an edge of the member 1 and in part by the groove 2. The member 4 is provided with means by which when moved to any adjusted position upon the member 1 it may be clamped and held in its adjusted position.
The member 4 is provided with a part 5 which 'has a cylindrical opening therein in Y which is located a movable member 6. This member is notched out as indicated at 7 and has an extending part 8 upon which there is an inwardly extending foot 9. This foot is adapted to engage with the groove 2 of the straight edge 1, and an edge of the member 1 extends within the notched-out portion of the member 6.
The member 4 is slotted as indicated at 10 in Fig. 7, which slot receives the member 1.
' The member 6 at its upper end is provided with a screw-threaded shank 6, which in turn is engaged by a nut 11. This nut is hollowed out and within the hollowed-out portion is a spring 12 which bears against the top of the part 5. When the nut 11 is tightened it draws the member 6 upward and so holds the member 1 against theupper portion of the slot 10, thus preventing any sliding movement between the member 1 and the part 4.
The member 4 also has an extending part 13 which is provided with a cylindrical opening that receives a member 14. This member 14 at its outer end is provided with a threaded extension 14*, and upon the extension 14 is a nut 15, which bears upon the outer end of the part 13. The nut 15 is provided with a recess in which is seated a spring 16 that bears upon the outer end of the part 13.
The member 14 .is formed in the body thereof with a half-round groove 17 and this cooperates with a half-round groove 18 which is formed in the body of the part 4.
When the half-round groove 17 of the member 14 is in registry with the halt-round groove 18 it will be possible to pass through the registered grooves a shank 19, which shank may form a part of a suitable implement to be used in connection with the tool as will be subsequently described. When such a shank has been inserted, and the nut 15 tightened, it. draws the member 14 and so wedges the shank 19 to hold it in its adjusted position with respect to the member 4.
The member 4 has upon one face thereof a recessed portion, as indicated at 4 in Fig. 4. This recessed portion has an edge 4, which edge is in the same plane as the axis of the shank 19. The edge 4 is in contact with the straight edge 1 and may be moved in proximity to the scale graduations on the. straight edge 1, so that by reading the position of the edge 4 with respect to the scale on the member 1, it indicates the position of the axis of the shank 19 of an implement used inconnection with a tool.
The member 4 also has a part 13 through which there is formed a cylindrical opening which is adapted to receive the shank 19 of an implement as has before been indicated. Extending transversely with respect to the opening in the part 13 is the part 14.
At the lower end of the part 13 there is a notch as indicated at 21 which is adapted to receive a projection 25 which is formed of a part of the implement 26, the shank of which is indicated at 19. This projection and notch construction is for the purpose of definitely locating the implement with respect of the member 4 of the tool and prevent any rotation thereof.
It will be noted by referring to Fig. 7, that the member 14 in its normal position does not engage with the member 1 but stops short of such engagement so that the member 1 is permitted to move with respect to the member 4 and slide along the same.
The member 3 is in its general construction the same as member 4 with the exception that the member 24, which corresponds in function to the part 14 heretofore described, extends beyond the slot 25 in the member 3, which slot corresponds to the slot 10 of Fig. 7, and forms an abutment against which the end of the member 1 is adapted to engage and be positioned as indicated at 26 in Fig. 3. The end of the member 1 as it abuts against the part 24 of member 3 is in the same plane'as the axis in the shank 19 which is the shank of the implement cooperating with the member 3. This is indicated at 27 in Fig. 1. Therefore the center of the shank 19 is at zero or'the end of the scale of the member 1. It will thereforegbe clear that the distance measured on the sicale by the edge 4 as shown in Fig, 4 indiczit'cs the distance between the axes of the shanks 19 and 19 as shown in Fig. 1.
In connection with the shanks such as illustrated at 19 and 19*, various implements may be used. For instance, as shown in Fig. 11, the shank which is indicated at 19 may be provided with a pointed end as indicated at 28, in which event the tool may be utilized as a marking tool producingparallel lines, the distance between which can be definitely measured upon the scale of the member 1.
Or the implements used, may be such as indicated in Fig. 8, in which the shanks 19 are provided with head members 29 that have an edge 30, which edge is in line with the axis of the shank 19. These particular implements such as shown in Fig. 8, are convenient for measuring inside diameters, and the distance between the edges 30 as shown in Fig. 8 may be correctly read upon the scale of the member 1.
The particular arrangement of these implements as shown in Fig. 8 is intended for measuring interior diameters or interior distances, while with the arrangement of the same implements as shown in Fig. 1, in which the edges 30 are toward each other instead of away from each other, the tool may be used for measuring exterior diameter or distances.
As a modification of the particular implements shown in Fig. 8, there is shown in Fig. 10 a modified form in which the shank 19 is provided at the head portion with a roller 31, the surface of the roller being in line with the axis of the shank 19. The use of the implement shown in Fig. 10 is the same as the implement shown in Fig. 8, the difference being merely that the part which contacts with the object being measured provides a rolling contact instead of a nonrolling contact, the rolling contact being.
preferable particularly in measuring objects with a roughened surface.
In Figs. 12 and 13 there is shown what is known as a ball point. This implement is provided with a shank 19 which at its lower end is recessed, as indicated at 32, and the outer shell of the recess is slotted, as indicated at 33. The recess 32 is adapted to receive a pointed needle-like member 34. The outer surface of the split shell is tapered and receives a ball 35 which is provided with a tapered threaded opening. It will be I clear that when the ball 35 is turned upon the threads of the shell which holds the part 34, it will compress the same against the pin 34 and hold it in adjusted position.
The various implements which have been described, are all provided with shanks which make them suitable for use in connection with the parts 3 and 4 of the tool as shown in Fig. 1, and by the substitution of the various implements described, the tool may be employed for the various measuring purposes which have been indicated.
Having described my invention, I claim:
1. In a tool of the character described, the combination with a straight edge member, of a member mounted thereon at one end of the straight edge, said member having means for securing the member to the straight edge, said member also having a part with an opening therein, an implement shank extending through said opening, means for securing the implement shank in the opening, a slidable member mounted upon the said straight edge, means carried by the slidable member adapted to engage with a portion of the straight edge to hold the said slidable member in adjusted position upon the straight edge, said slidable member being provided with an opening, a tool shank extending through said opening, and means for securing the tool shank in the said opening.
2. In a tool of the character described, the combination of a graduated straight edge having a longitudinal groove therein, a fixed member provided with a slot into which the said straight edge extends, a stop carried by the said fixed member against which the straight edge abuts, means carried by the said fixed member including a part which engages in the slot of the straight edge whereby the fixed member may be secured to the straight edge, a slidable member located upon the straight edge, said slidable member being provided with a slot adapted to receive the straight edge, said slidable member having a moving part provided with means which engages with the slot in the straight edge, and means for tightening the said slidable member to hold the slidable member in adjusted position. both the fixed member and the slidable member being provided with openings, implement shanks extending through said openings, and means for securing the said implement shanks in their respectii e openings.
3. In a tool of the character described, the combination with a graduated straight edge, of a fixed member at one end thereof, means for securing said fixed member upon the straight edge, said fixed member being provided with an opening, the axis of said opening being in line with the end of a straight edge, an implement shank extending through said opening. means for securing said implement shank in the opening, a slidable member mounted upon the straight edge, means associated with the slidable member for securing the same in fixed position upon the straight edge, said slidable member having an opening, an implement shank extending through said opening, means for securing the said shank in the opening, said slidable member being provided with a recessed portion having an edge in substantial contact with the side of a straight edge, the edge of said opening being in the same plane as the axis of the .opening. which receives the shank of the imimplement, a movable member upon the.
straight edge, said movable member being provided with a slot to receive the straight edge, said movable member having an opening, a slidable member in said opening, said slidable member having a foot adapted to engage in the slot in the straight edge, a nut for engaging the said slidable member to tighten the same, thereby to secure the said slidable member in adjusted position upon the straight edge, said slidable member being provided with an opening, an implement shank extending through said opening, means for securing the implement shank in the opening, said slidable member being provided with a recessed portion having an edge which is adjacent the straight edge, the edge of said recess lying in the same plane as the axis of the implement shank.
5. In a tool of the character described, the combination with a straight edge, a fixed member associated with the straight edge at one end thereof said fixed member having an opening, a second opening extending at substantially right angles to the first mentioned opening, a slidable member in the last mentioned opening, said slidable member being provided with a groove which cooperates with the first mentioned opening in the fixed member, an implement shank adapted to extend through the first mentioned opening inthe fixed member, means for moving the said sliding member thereby to hold the shank of the implement against movement, a slidable member located upon the said straight edge, said slidable member being provided with an opening, an implement shank extending through the opening, a second opening in the slidable member extending at substantially right angles to the first mentioned opening, a movable member in said second opening, said movable member being provided with a groove which cotiperates with the first mentioned opening, said shank extending through the groove in the slidable member, and means for moving the slidable member to lock the shank against movement.
6. In a tool of the character described, the combination with a member adapted to be mounted upon a straight edge, said member being provided with an openin a second opening extending at substantially right angles to the first opening and in part intersect-ing the first opening, a tool shank in the first-mentioned opening, a slidable member in the second-mentioned opening, said slidable member being provided with a groove which cooperates with the first-mentioned groove, the groove in the slidable member cooperating with a portion of the implement shank, a nut forunoving the said slidable member thereby to hold the shank of the implement against movement.
7 In a tool of the character described, the combination with a straight edge having a slot formed therein, of a member adapted "to be mounted upon said straight edge, said member being provided with a slot into Which the straight edge extends, said member being provided with an opening, a slidable part in said opening, said slidable part having an extension with a foot thereon which is adapted to extend into the slot in the straight edge, a nut engaging said movable member, said nut when tightened moving the slidable member to hold the straight edge and the member against relative movement.
In testimony whereof, I hereunto afiix my signature.
WILLIAM R. J 0088.
US1321312D Combination-tool Expired - Lifetime US1321312A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1321312A true US1321312A (en) 1919-11-11

Family

ID=3388777

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1321312D Expired - Lifetime US1321312A (en) Combination-tool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1321312A (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2499673A (en) * 1948-04-05 1950-03-07 Stephen J Olejniczak Rule compass
US2542561A (en) * 1947-09-15 1951-02-20 Stephen J Olejniczak Level compass
US2599652A (en) * 1945-11-07 1952-06-10 Mitchell Reginald Fawn Layout or hole locating device
US2645022A (en) * 1948-08-03 1953-07-14 James M Hart Trammel and beam instrument
US2693033A (en) * 1950-12-05 1954-11-02 Jr Hobart William Acker Instrument for checking the distance between holes of different diameters
US2728993A (en) * 1951-05-10 1956-01-03 Guarantee Specialty Mfg Co Venetian blind tape measuring device
US2828546A (en) * 1955-02-21 1958-04-01 Floyd A Campbell Hole and slot gauge
US2843938A (en) * 1956-02-10 1958-07-22 Floyd A Campbell Hole and slot gauge with threaded adjusting means
US3113385A (en) * 1960-12-05 1963-12-10 Edward D Carter Height gauge

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2599652A (en) * 1945-11-07 1952-06-10 Mitchell Reginald Fawn Layout or hole locating device
US2542561A (en) * 1947-09-15 1951-02-20 Stephen J Olejniczak Level compass
US2499673A (en) * 1948-04-05 1950-03-07 Stephen J Olejniczak Rule compass
US2645022A (en) * 1948-08-03 1953-07-14 James M Hart Trammel and beam instrument
US2693033A (en) * 1950-12-05 1954-11-02 Jr Hobart William Acker Instrument for checking the distance between holes of different diameters
US2728993A (en) * 1951-05-10 1956-01-03 Guarantee Specialty Mfg Co Venetian blind tape measuring device
US2828546A (en) * 1955-02-21 1958-04-01 Floyd A Campbell Hole and slot gauge
US2843938A (en) * 1956-02-10 1958-07-22 Floyd A Campbell Hole and slot gauge with threaded adjusting means
US3113385A (en) * 1960-12-05 1963-12-10 Edward D Carter Height gauge

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1321312A (en) Combination-tool
US1248340A (en) Depth-gage.
US1509703A (en) Carpenter's square
US1346409A (en) Combination-tool
US2505928A (en) Tool for measuring and setting out angles
US2584602A (en) Inside gauge
US1208662A (en) Combination-tool.
US813173A (en) Mechanic's square.
US1593753A (en) Micrometer caliper
US3016618A (en) Adjustable measuring instrument
US2487844A (en) Indicating square
US1883975A (en) Combined height-gauge micrometer
US1195330A (en) binney
US2190899A (en) Gauge
US682539A (en) Compasses.
US1672491A (en) Combined rectangular gauge and calipers
US1402497A (en) Calipers
US479112A (en) Dividers
US1051712A (en) Parallel protractor.
US750204A (en) Ijkioh ok
US1212549A (en) Combination rule, compasses, square, and angle.
US2003626A (en) Universal measuring instrument
US939562A (en) Micrometer.
US1890404A (en) Position indicator for micrometer calipers and gauges
US823444A (en) Measuring instrument.