US1317379A - Combined intake and exhaust manifold. - Google Patents

Combined intake and exhaust manifold. Download PDF


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US1317379A US2372?118A US1317379DA US1317379A US 1317379 A US1317379 A US 1317379A US 1317379D A US1317379D A US 1317379DA US 1317379 A US1317379 A US 1317379A
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exhaust manifold
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Claud E Mills
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    • F02M63/00Other fuel-injection apparatus having pertinent characteristics not provided for in groups F02M39/00 - F02M57/00 or F02M67/00; Details, component parts, or accessories of fuel-injection apparatus, not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the apparatus of groups F02M39/00 - F02M61/00 or F02M67/00; Combination of fuel pump with other devices, e.g. lubricating oil pump


V VIII/41711,
. fmmusr the 01mm MILLS, o1? DES lizozzei'iee, IOWA.
COMBINED lmemi min EXHAUST meml ow.
en ines, and adaptable for all eerhureters.
. lore particularly it is my objeet to provide such a device Whichlmev he made ese unit-airy structure. and assemhled on'en en gine 'os .onattoc'lnnent theireior, and. which. will serve to breakup and thoroughly heat vapors and hydro-carbon fuel, particularly the lower grades of suchfuel, and combine the mixture with water vapor. I
. With these and other objects in View my invention consists in the construction, 2.2-.
'angement and eommhation of the various parts of the tie vice, whereby the objects contemplated are attained, hereinafter more.
fully set forth,pointedout in my claims and illustrated in the accompanying elm-twinge,
in which:
Figure 1 shows a horizontal, sectional View through an attachment einhofiying my in--' volition.
Fig. 2 viewed from the side adj.
Fig. 3 "shows a. vertical, ts? erse see tiomi'l View taken on the line 3 i of Fig. 1. Fig. shows a. vertical, trehsveree, sectionnl view when oi the line P 1; and
SilGWP; a side elevation of the some, :ent theengme.
l ig". 5 shows a vertical, central, sectional view through the water plug device.
in the eecompnnymg drawings, 1 have used the i'uhilmice numeral 10 to indicate gown-ally the outer easing; of my n'nprm'ml device which comprises a tubular memlj eif having one closed end 1'! as illustrated in Figs. 1 :uul'il.
.llxtomling into the member ll) is; what I shall call the heating" tulle 12 which. terminates and is closed at 13 at a point spaced. from the closed end 11. The (using 10 connected at its end opposite the end ll lay :i Well 14 which closes the end of -the casing 10 opposite the end 11.
On opposite sides of the heating tube 12 Specification of letters Eaeeat. Patenhed Sept. 3%, E5319;
Applieetion filed mail] 29, 1318. Serial fie. 52312951.
manifold and extenoleel inwardly to and communicating with the heating who 12.
- Extending through the Siil Well of the casing 10, end thence upwerdly'through the oertition 15 on one side of the casing 10 enfi communicating with. the eompeii'tmeht formed on one side of the partition were sieeeisl tubular memheee It? designed to no conneeteti' with the intake manifold of an automobile engine.
Adjacent tothe entrance to eeeh tuhe 1'! 1s a. shoulder or the hire 30 shown m Fig.
4, bottom of the casing 10 formin "e trap for non-vomtlle 011s, sediment or 0t er material which cannot heptop'erly vaporized. through the cock 17".
Conuiwnieet-ing with the rear (rampartment of me casing 10 ie at tubule? member 18 designed to eerhoreter.
The heating tube 12 has externally screwth projecting e e: designed to be cozin ectecl with anexheuet goipe.
.The interior of the cesingg it] is provided with 21, plurality of spec-sch Ziixllilhtl' ribs 20 serving as befiies, and on the outside of the tube 12 ise. similar series if "time ribs 21 which are staggered with tehition to the ribs 550. I
Fm supplying moisture to the fuel mix ture Iheve provided whet I will call the 'wittel plug comprising e hollow tubular member closed at its inner end., shown in Fig. 5, e-ndheving e screw-threaded or- 'tion 23 extended from its inner emi, an an externally ecre /V'threaded. porEionQ t near miterenihencl e, tuhuleeexterneliy screw threaded extension 25 designed to he nected with :1 water.- condtacting t3li39. I
The will of the water-plug 22 between the ecmwthreeded portions 23 and 24 is provided with :1 series of openings 25.
A water conducting tube 22 open at its lower end extends from the outer endvof the plugti-ZZ down into the plug past the openings ings and preventing the engine suction from he connected with on ordinarydrawing water'drops or mist into the fuel' mixture, before the water is thoroughly vaporized.
The water plug 22 is screwed into the upper part of the casing 10 and mto the upper part of the tube 12, so that the lower closed end of the plug 22 is received within the tube 12 while the openings 26 communicate with both compartments of the casing 10.
In the practical use and operation ofmy improved attachment the device is mounted on the engine, and the tubes 16 are connected with the exhaust manifolds by means of bolts extended through the flanges 16. The tubes 17 are connected with the intake manifold .by -means of bolts extended through the flanges 17", and the heating tube 12 is connected with the exhaust pipe.
The water plug is connected with a tube communicating with any suitable source of water supply.
It will be understood that any proper means such as a needle valve may be provided for regulating the flow of Water to the water plug 22. Y
The tube \18 is connected with the carbureter or with the tube leading therefrom.
The suction of the engine will draw the fuel mixturefrom the carbureter through casing 10. h
It will be understood that after the engine has run a short time exhaust gases passing from the exhaust manifold through the tubes 16 'aud thence into'and through the heating tubel2 will thoroughly heat the interior-of my device.
The fuel mixture will, Whirl and strike against the baffle ribs 20 and 21 and will be mechanically broken up during its passage toward the ends of the casing 10 and around the ends, of the partitions 15 and thence through the front compartment of the casing 10 to the tubes17 leading to the intake manifold.
A small amount of Water received in the lower part of the Water plug 22' will be subjected to the heat of the exhaust gases in the heating tube 12 and will be vaporized and will pass into both compartments of the casing 10 and willthere mingle with fuel mixture for furnishing moisture thereto.
The advantages of thoroughly breaking up the hydrocarbon fuel mixture, heating it and adding moisture thereto are Well-known and do not require further elaboration here.
By conducting the fuel mixture to the ends of the casing and returning it to the in-- take tubes, the mixture for all the cylinders is made uniform.
The device is so constructed that it is adaptable for use with any carbureter.
It will be noted that my device is of very simple 'and durable construction and that it may be quickly and-easily mounted on or removed from an eng ne. properly arrang ng the tubes andthe flanges thereon,
the device maybe made to fit a variety of types of engines.
Some changes be made in the construction and arrangement of the parts of I tube extended longitudinally into said cas- 1ng,-a-tube extending through the-wall of said casing to said heating tube, and designed to be connected with the exhaust manifold-of an internal combustion engine,
partitions on opposite sides of said casing outside said heating tube terminating short of the ends of said casing, a tube extending through the Wall of said casing and com municating with one of the compartments therein designed to be connected With the intake manifold of an engine, and a tube communicatingwith the other compartment of said casin designed to be connected with a source of uel supply. 7 the tube 1'8'into the rear compartment of the V 2. A casing having closed ends, a heating tube extended longitu'dinally'into said casing, a tube extending through. the'wall of said casing to said heating tube, and designed to be connected with the exhaust manifold of an internal combustion engine, partitions on opposite sides of said casing outside said heating tube terminating short of the ends of said casing, a tube extending through the Wall of said casing and communicating' with, one of the compartments therein, designed to be connected with the intake manifold of an engine, a tube come municating with the other compartment of said casing designed to be connected with a source of fuel supply, and baflledevices in the compartments formed on the opposite sides of said partitions.
3. In a device of the class described, a casing closed at both ends, a heating tube projected longitudinally into said casing,
means for supplying heated gases to said heating tube, partitions in said casin on opposite sides of said tube terminating short of the ends of the casing, means for admittmg fuel mixture into sa1d casing on one side of the partitions, means for taking fuel mixheating tube, partitions in said (Basin on ing a tube, said casing having adjacent :m opposite axles of szud tube bermmatmgs ON; the opemng 1n sald last descrlbed tube means 1 the ends 0f the casing, means foradmitfor. formlng :1 mp, and a clean-out means 10 11mg fuel mxxture into said 035111 on one for sald trap.
' s'iieof ihe pamitiqns, means form 'ng fuel Des Moines, Iowa May 4, 1918.
mixture. l 'min the casing on the Other side n 01" the pea-muons, sand last means oompng CLAUD Li. M LL-b.
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