US128894A - Inprovement in telegraph apparatus - Google Patents

Inprovement in telegraph apparatus Download PDF


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US128894A US128894DA US128894A US 128894 A US128894 A US 128894A US 128894D A US128894D A US 128894DA US 128894 A US128894 A US 128894A
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' '2'Sh t --Sh t1; G. LITTLE. Improvement in Telegraph Apparatus.
0 i No.128,894. Patented July 9,1212.
2 Shets--Sheet42 G. LITTLE. lmprovementin Telegraph Apparatus.
Patented luly 9,1872.
EARTH m W J less attraction of the respective poles, and the other neutralizes the residual orinduced mag- UNITED STATES GEORGE LITTLE, OF RUTHERFORD PARK, NEW JERSEY.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 123,894, dated July 9, 1872.
.To all whom it may concern.
Be it known that I, GEORGE LITTLE, of Rutherford Park, in the county of Bergen and State of New Jersey, have invented an Improvement in Telegraphic Apparatus; and the following is declared to be a correct description of the same.
This instrument is adapted to use in receiving messages, and also in efi'ectin g pulsations and movements in transmitting by a relay or local or shunt circuit, and in producing sound for a call or sound-receiving instrument. I make use of a rheostat orresistance-coil that is constructed in two parts so as to be more compact than the coils heretofore employed to regulate the force of electrical currents and divide or shunt portions thereof. I also make use of two electro-magnets and a swinging armature, the axis of which latter is upon a bar. that forms a central pole of the magnet. The armature is vibrated by the greater or residual magnetism in the pole or poles is new tralized to whatever extent may be desired by a variable metallic connection, and the armature is made of thin sheet-iron, preferably tinned. By making the armature of sheet-iron it is lighter and more easily vibrated, a larger extent of surface is exposed to the magnetic action, and the edges of the longitudinal division in the same act to increase the vibration and soundresultin gfrom the quick vibration, therebybetter adapting the instrument to a sounder for general purposes. The aforesaid variable metallic connection between the poles is adapted to preventing the armature remaining in contact with the pole too long, because the said metallic connection from one pole to the netism and causes the poles to free themselves much more quickly than in cases where the armature only aids in this operation. This residualor induced magnetism may result from the pulsations of electricity in the helix, or from terrestrial or other causes, and the same is neutralized by my improvement.
In the drawing, Figure 1 is a plan of the instrument complete. Fig. 2 is an elevation of the same. Fig. 3 is an end view of the armature. Fig. 4 is a diagram representing the connection of the electric circuit, Fig. 5 is a plan of the ends of the magnet with a modification of the variable metallic connections; and Fig. 6 is a plan in small size of the variable meta-llic connections between the poles of the electro and permanent magnets.
The rheostats a and b are connected together by a bar or metallic connection at c, Fig. 4, passing from one head, 2, to the other head, 3, and the rods (1 are insulated from heads 4 and 5, but in metallic contact with the heads 2 and 3, and the adjusters -e e are made to slide on these rods (1, as usual. The binding-screws f and g are connected to the heads at and 5, and also to the helix h of the electro-ma-gnet hereafter referred to, so that by positioning the adjusters c c more or less of the current from f will be obliged to pass through the helix h and the remainder pass from f to 4.; thence,
by the rheostat-coil a, adjuster 6, rod d, head 2, bar 0, head 3, bar (I, adjuster c, coil a, and head 5, back to g. The main line and earthwires connect to the screws k l, and to the helix m, and to the switch-plates 9 and 10 of the switch 0, so that, according to the position of the switch 0, the current will come from 70 through helix m; thence to 9 0 and. to earthconnection I; or if the switch is changed the current will pass from 7a through m,- thence to 9 through helix h, (in the opposite direction to the current from f;) thence, by], 4, 10, and 0, to 1.. When the main-line current acts in the helix h in the opposite direction to that of the constant current from f the latter will be lessened or neutralized, and if it does not act in h the force of the main-line current must be enough to overcome the force of the electromagnet h in a manner similar to that described in my patent heretofore granted, and numbered 123,490, the features of novelty thus far pointed out relating to dividing the 'rheostat' so as to occupy little space, and to the connections arranged as aforesaid. For convenience and compactness the electromagnetic coils are placed within the rheostat-coils, as set forth in my application dated March 22, 1872. My invention in this particular, however, is not limited to this arrangement, as the electro' magnetic coils may be separate from the said rheostat-coils. The next feature of my said invention consists in the hollow sheet-metal armature 11 that is hung, by an axis,'12, upon the central ma nctic pole q that is polarized by induce magnetism from the cores k and m at the respective electro-magnets. The hollow sheet-metal armature may'be very light and thin, so as to vibrate at its edges and produce sound each time it moves, and
the said armature may be round or flattened to give more or less surface for the magnets h m to act upon. The change of polarity of h, or the superior force of the current in m, vi-
brates this armature 12 each. pulsation on the main line. The helices h m are wound so that the coresh m :will bqpglarized south hence the central pole q will be "north, or the reverse. If the current is powerful the armature 1; may adhere to either h or m by induced or residual magnetism. I prevent this by a metallic connection from the center-pole q to either or both poles h m, and this connection is,-
preferably, adjustable or variable, so as to regulate the force with which it operates tofree the parts from residual or induced mag netism. I have shownthe wire staple 0 passing into-holes in g and m, and this .may be drawn further out or thrust further in to vary the magnetic action; or the connection may be made by a sliding or circular wedge-shaped piece between one and the other that comes in contact with more or less of the surfaceof the respective poles, and hence is ,more or less efl'cctive in neutralizing the magnetic action.
The poles of the-magnet might have projecting wires, upon which a metal cross-piece, a",
' is made to slide, as shown in the detached figure, 5, so asto regulate the rapidity of action in'the discharge of induced or residual mag netism by the position of the cross-piece. The
s'winging'movement of the armature may pro:
duce onlya sound, the message being received" by the ear; or the movement might make or break a, local or relay circuit; or it may brlng mtoaction a constant circuit, as in a patent heretofore allowed to me. The feature of novelty in this respect in the present case, however, is 1n rendering operative a constant circuit. The battery t, Fig. 4, is connected withthe binders! and c, that in turn are con neetedwith poleaq and an insulated pin, 18, in the pole h. The binders d o are also connected with the telegraphic receiving-instrument'w, that is of any desired character When the circuit is closed'through the armature resting upon the pin 18 in the normal 1872 position, there will notbe any record made at the receivi g-in'strumcnt w, the current passing throng the armature 1), because it afl'ords less resistance; but when the connection of the armature p with 18 is severed by the pulsation in the magnet m the battery t operates in the receiving-instrument to. In some instances the pole h might be a'permanent magnet instead of an electro-magnet. Inthe small figure, 6, I' have illustrated the same features of adjustment as applied by bars set to move upon thecores of themagnets themselves, so as to vary the action and free the magnet with greater or less rapidity of "the induced or residual magnetism, and these connectingbars'r are represented as applied to both an electro-magnet and a permanent magnet. The poles h m may be made so as to be partially revolved within the respective helices by means of handles or projections y 3 so as to bring the surfaces of the poles at a greater or I less-inclination'to the armature, and thereby regulate the magnetic action upon such armatures.-
I claim as my invention- 1. A'rheostat made in two parts united at one end,and provided with two adjusters, substantially as-and for the purposes set forth. 2. An armature: made of thin sheet metal, and vibrated, substantially as set forth, to' forma receiving-sound instrument.
3. A metallic connection between one pole and the, other at the operative e'nd ofan electro-magnet. to more; rapidly disperse or neutralize the residual or inducedmagnetism, I
substantially as setforth.
4. 'Ametallic connection between the two operative poles of a. magnet, made adjustable,
substantially as set forth, for regulating the action oi such-connection 1n neutralizing-the residual or induced magnetism. f
5. The connections, arranged,substantially as specified, for the main line, andconstant CliOllltS' between the rheostats, the electromagnets, and the switch, in combination with the vibrating armature, substantially as specified. 6. The battery t and the recciving-instrw meiiit w'connected to the same, binding-screws u v, in combination with the vibrating arnra turep andco'nncet'ions to said binding-screws, substantlally asand for the purposes set forth.
. Signed by inc-this 4th day of April, A. 1).,
Witnesses cs0. LITTLE. GEO. D. -WALKER,-'I-
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050154600A1 (en) * 2004-01-08 2005-07-14 American International Group, Inc. Extended work program

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050154600A1 (en) * 2004-01-08 2005-07-14 American International Group, Inc. Extended work program

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