US1267761A - Method of and apparatus for general anesthesia. - Google Patents

Method of and apparatus for general anesthesia. Download PDF

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US1267761A
US1267761A US12962316A US1267761A US 1267761 A US1267761 A US 1267761A US 12962316 A US12962316 A US 12962316A US 1267761 A US1267761 A US 1267761A
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ether
vapor
apparatus
patient
anesthesia
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Walter V Goodfellow
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Walter V Goodfellow
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M11/00Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes
    • A61M11/04Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes operated by the vapour pressure of the liquid to be sprayed or atomised
    • A61M11/041Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes operated by the vapour pressure of the liquid to be sprayed or atomised using heaters

Description

Patented May 28,1918.

W. V. GOODFELLOW.

METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR GENERAL ANESTHESIA.

APPLICATION FILED NOV. 4, ms.

face/Z202 Mia) 71 $0 eZZaw WALTER V. GOODFELLOW, OF LOS ANGEIJES CALIFORNIA.

METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR GENERAL .ANESTHESIA.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented May 28, 1918.

Application filed November 4, 1916. Serial No. 129,623.

17 '0 all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, WALTER V. Goonrnn now, a citizen of the United States, residing at Los Angeles, in the county of Los Angeles and State of California, have invented a new and useful Method of and Apparatus for General Anesthesia, of which the following is a specification;

My invention relates to the science of surgery and obstetrics, and particularly to the science of producing in a patient that loss of sensation or feeling partial or complete commonly known as anesthesia.

In surgical science it is common practice to induce a partial or complete loss of sensation before attempting to operate on a patient, this-generally being accomplished by administering to the patient an anesthetic, generally in the form of vapor or gas, which is taken into the respiratory system and absorbed into the blood through the mucous membrane of the lungs. Sulfuric ether or chloroform are in common use and may be included with other substances having the same general properties and characteristics under the general term of anesthetic liquids.

The principal object of my invention is to develop a new technio in the administration of anesthetic liquids. This technic is to provide means for vaporizing the anesthetic by the use of heat and for administering definite quantities of the vapor produced under definitely regulated pressure and absolute control directly to themucous membranes of the patient without the necessity for mixture with air. Under the present practice, volatile anesthetic liquids are allowed to evaporate and their vapors mixed with air are inhaled into the respiratory system. By vaporizing the liquid within a container by accurately regulated heat, and by providing eiiicient means for controllin the flow of the vapor, I am able to regulate to a very fine degree the anesthesia produced. I am also able to feed the vapor directly into any suitable body cavity of the patient, so that it is applied directly to the membranes without material loss of vapor. In operations, especially upon the nose or throat, in which the old methods of anesthesia are used, the surgeons and their assistants work in an atmosphere laden with anesthetic fumes, with a corresponding loss of eficiency and even positive illness due to breathing these fumes.

A further ObJGCt of my invention is to provide means by which the anesthetic may be fed into the rectum and colon. Such a method of administration is much to be preferred to the administration to the respiratory system, as it does not interfere with the patients breathing and therefore does not interfere with the oxygenation processes within the lungs. It removes the field of anesthesia from the nose, mouth, and throat in cases where operations are to be performed therein.

Further objects and advantages will be made evident hereinafter.

Referring to the drawings, which are for illustrative purposes only:

Figure l is a vertical cross section through a generator embodying my invention.

Fig. 2 is a section on the plane 22 of Fig. 1, this plane being viewed in the direction of the arrows 3.

Fig. 3 is an elevation of a complete apparatus embodying my invention.

Fig. 4 is a view of an instrument used in oral anesthesia.

gig. 5 is an end view of the control valve, an

Fig. 6 is a section on the line 66 of Fig. 5. a.

The apparatus used consists of a point 10, flexible tubes 11 and 12, a control-valve 13, a generator 1%, and a gasometer 15. The generator 14 consists of vessel formed of two concentric cylinders 21 and 22, the inner cylinder 22 being of sutiicient size to take a standard ether can 23. A tight bottom 24: is provided covering the whole bottom of the generator, and an annular top- 25 closes in the top of the space between the cylinders 21 and 22. A loose cover 26 closes the interior of the inner cylinder 22, this cover 26 having an opening 27 therein through which the neck 28 of the other can 23 may project.

Located in the bottom of the space between the cylinders 21 and 22 is a heating element 30 which consists of an electric wire 32, the wires 34; being connected to some source of electric power so that a current flows through the electric wire 31 and heats the space between the cylinders 21 and 22 and the ether in the ether can 23.

Situated between the cylinders 21 and 22 above the heating element 36 is a superheating coil 40, this coil having ends 41 and 12 which project through the top 25.

The gasometer 15 is preferably formed of thin and highly elastic rubber, this gasometer being in reality a variable volume container. The upper end 43 of the gasometer 15 is connected through a tube l-"with one end d1 of the coil d0, the other end 42 of the coil 10 being connected to the flexible tube 11. The point 4C6 shown in Fig. 4- is used for oral anesthesia, and the point shown at 10 is used for rectal anesthesia. The wires 3% may be run directly to a lighting circuit, or preferably a rheostat a? may be inserted in the circuit 30 that the degree of heat applied may be varied at will.

lhe valve 18' consists of a casing 50 having projections 51 and 52 to which the tubes 11 and 12 are attached, these projections having an inlet port 53 and an outlet 5% connecting with a central tapered opening 55 in the casing 50. A tapered plug 56 [its tightly in the opening and has a connecting port 57 which is so placed as to connect the ports 53 and 54.- which are 120 degrees apart. A blowoff port 58 is formed in the casing 50 between the ports 58' and 5d and 120 degrees from each so that the connecting port 57 may also be set to connect the blowoff port 58 with either the port 53 or the port 5 1.

The method of operation of my invention is as follows:

lhe ether can 23, which is partially filled with sulfuric ether, or a similar anesthetic liquid, is placed inside the cylinder 22 and the cover '26 is dropped in place. The lower end of the gasometer 15 is slipped over the neck 28 of the ether can 23 and the plug 33 is put in place.

lhe de-gree'of heat applied to the heating element 30 may be regulated by therheo stat 17. This heat acting on the ether in the ether can converts a portion of the ether into ether vapor, and this vapor rises through the neck of the ether can 23 into the interior of the gasonieter 15, any of the other which is not thoroughly vaporized collecting on the inner walls of the gasoineter and running back into the ether can. The gasometer 15 being elastic is distended by a slight pressure. The vapor therein passes through the tube 1% to the superheating coil 4:0 where it is further heated to prevent prema- 'ture condensation, also to prevent cooling of tissue and shock to patient, this heating, however, being moderate in amount so that there is no danger of burning the patient. The ether vapor is practically unmixed with air, the small amount of air which was initially in the can being allowed to escape with the first of the ether vapor which is taken 03. Vapor from the coil 40 is carried by the tube 11 to the valve 13. When it is desired to pass the vapor to the patient, the plug 56 is turned so that the ports 53 and 5-1 are in open communication with each other and vapor flows through the tubes 11 and 12 to the patient. Ifyit is desired to reduce the pressure in the gasometer 15 the plug 56 is turned to connect the port 53 with the port 58, and ether vapor is discharged from' the gasometer 15 to the outer air. If it is desired to withdraw vapor from the rectum of the patient, the plug 56 is turned to connect the port at with the port 58, and such vapor is discharged from the patient through the tube 12.

1 claim as my invention:

1. An apparatus for producing gene *al anesthesia by the use of an anesthetic liquid which comprises a vessel formed of two concentric cylinders, the inner cylinder being of suliicient size to contain a standard sulfuric ether can; a heating element between said cylinders; a superheating coil between said cylinders; a variable volume container; means for connecting a standard sulfuric ether can carried inside said inner cylinder with said variable volume container; means for connecting said variable volume container with said superheating coil; and means for passing vapor from said superheating coil into a body cavity of the patient to be anesthetized.

2. An apparatus for producing general anesthesia by the use of an anesthetic liquid which comprises a vessel formed of two concentric cylinders, the inner cylinder being of suflicient size to contain a standard sulfuric ether can; a heating element between said cylinders; a superheating coil between said cylinders; a variable volume container; means for' connecting a standard sulfuric ether can carried inside said inner cylinder with said variable volume container; means for connecting said variable volume container with said super-heating coil; and means for passing vapor from said super heating coil into the rectum of the patient to be anesthetized.

in testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand at Los Angeles, California, this 28th day of @ctober, 1916.

WALTER V. GOODFELLUW.

"ve addressing tic-remissions? e13

US1267761A 1916-11-04 1916-11-04 Method of and apparatus for general anesthesia. Expired - Lifetime US1267761A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4110419A (en) * 1975-04-18 1978-08-29 Respiratory Care, Inc. High-volume disposable and semi-disposable cartridge humidifier with self-contained cartridge sterilizing means, and related method
US4178334A (en) * 1975-04-18 1979-12-11 Respiratory Care, Inc. High volume humidifier/nebulizer
US4195044A (en) * 1975-04-18 1980-03-25 Respiratory Care, Inc. Humidifier-nebulizer
US4303601A (en) * 1980-03-31 1981-12-01 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Ventilator humidifier
US5927981A (en) * 1998-02-20 1999-07-27 Widen; Randy Method and apparatus for bleaching teeth

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4110419A (en) * 1975-04-18 1978-08-29 Respiratory Care, Inc. High-volume disposable and semi-disposable cartridge humidifier with self-contained cartridge sterilizing means, and related method
US4178334A (en) * 1975-04-18 1979-12-11 Respiratory Care, Inc. High volume humidifier/nebulizer
US4195044A (en) * 1975-04-18 1980-03-25 Respiratory Care, Inc. Humidifier-nebulizer
US4303601A (en) * 1980-03-31 1981-12-01 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Ventilator humidifier
US5927981A (en) * 1998-02-20 1999-07-27 Widen; Randy Method and apparatus for bleaching teeth

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