US1254209A - Hydrocarbon-burner. - Google Patents

Hydrocarbon-burner. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1254209A
US1254209A US12233816A US12233816A US1254209A US 1254209 A US1254209 A US 1254209A US 12233816 A US12233816 A US 12233816A US 12233816 A US12233816 A US 12233816A US 1254209 A US1254209 A US 1254209A
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United States
Prior art keywords
burner
oil
hydrocarbon
ring
vaporizing chamber
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US12233816A
Inventor
Hawley E Daines
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GAS OIL STOVE Co
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GAS OIL STOVE Co
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Publication date
Application filed by GAS OIL STOVE Co filed Critical GAS OIL STOVE Co
Priority to US12233816A priority Critical patent/US1254209A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1254209A publication Critical patent/US1254209A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D3/00Burners using capillary action

Definitions

  • One of the principal objections to the usual hydro-carbon burner upon opening the valve controlling the delivery of oil to the burner is that the oil flowing rapidly into the vaporizing chamber floods the llghtmg ring or wick adjacent to the inlet orle, and upon lighting the ring it burns unevenly for a time, flaming ad acentto the inlet pipe until the oil is un1formly d1stributed throughout the wick and the flame brought under control.
  • @ne of the objects therefore of this invention is to overcome this objectionable feature by delivering the fuel oil through an annular passageway having a perforated wall adjacent to and concentric wlth the'vaporizing chamber housing the lighting rmg, whereby the oil may be simultaneously and uniformly delivered to the ring so that upon lighting the oil stored in the latter 1t may instantly present a flame of uniform height and intensity that the gas generated thereby may be of a constant uniform character and insuring throughout an intense even flame.
  • Fig. 2 is a central vertical sectional view through the same.
  • Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view on line 3-3 of Fig. 2.
  • Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view of an enlarged detail of the annular feeding channel and vaporizing chamber.
  • A denotes an inner cylindrical chimney having apertures cz, to admit air to the flame between it and the outer chimney B, which is also perforated at b, for the passage of air.
  • C indicates an annular vaporizing chamber having offset portions C, C', forming ledges upon which the respective chimneys A, and B, are supported when in position.
  • C2 denotes a plurality of perforations in the outer wall of the -vaporizing chamber lf)or the passage of liquid fuel into the cham- -D, indicates an asbestos or other lighting ring, supported in a suitable collar D, adapted to be contained in the vaporizing chamber.
  • E designatesan annular ring or channel member, surrounding the perforated wall of the vaporizing chamber for the simultaneous delivery of liquid fuel to the entire surface of the latter ;-the ring being preferably brazed to the wall of the vaporizer that it may be an integral part thereof, in order to avoid the escape of gas between the abutting walls resulting from the increase of temperature due to the proximity of the ring to the vaporizing chamber'.
  • F denotes a pipe for the delivery of liquid fuel to thering E
  • l1" is a suitable valve for controlling the delivery of fuel through the pipe.
  • Gr indicates the usual annular shield surrounding the burner to guard it from air currents that might affect'the flame.
  • the oil Upon opening the valve controlling the delivery of oil to the ring E, the oil will immediately flow completely .around the ring, entering the vaporizing chamber through the relatively small apertures in the wall of the latter, which serves as a baffle plate, to insure uniform distribution of the fuel over the entire surface of the lighting ⁇ ring housed within vaporizing chamber.
  • a torch or lighted match is aplill@ plied to the 'ring-producing an instantaneous and complete annular flame of uniform height throughout the vaporizing chamber and thereby effecting a complete and uniformvaporization of the oil subsequently delivered thereto, and thus avoiding the usual flaming incident to initial ignition of hydro-carbon burners of this character.
  • a. vaporizing chamber including inner and outer walls offset to form spaced ledges, the outer wall of the chamber having relatively small apertures, inner and outer cylindrical chimneys seated on the respective ledges of the vaporodors Afrom the channel incident to the heating of the oil is prevented.
  • a vaporizin chamber including inner and outer walls o set to form spaced ledges,the outer wall posed immediately under the ledge of thev outer wall of the chamber, the chamber and channel having communication through said relativelyv small apertures in the outer wall of the chamber whereby the escape of unpleasant odors from the channel incident to the heating ofthe oil is prevented.

Description

H. E. DAINES.
HYDROCARBON BURNER. -APPLICATION FILED senz?. Isls.
LQMQI mente@ 1311.221918.
Unio sans narrante onirica,
HWLJEY E. lDAINES, OF ORION, MICHIGAN, ASSIGNOR T0 GAS OIL STOVE COMPANY, OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN, A CORPORATION OF MICHIGAN.
HYDROCARBON-BURNER.
Lasagna.
Application filed September 27, 1916.
To all whom it may concern.'
Be it known that l', HAWLEY E. DAINES, citizen of the United States, residing at Orion, county of Oakland, State of Michigan, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Hydrocarbon-Burners, and declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification.
My invention relates to an improvement in hydrocarbon burners, shown in the accompanying drawings and more particularly pointed out in the following specification and claims.
One of the principal objections to the usual hydro-carbon burner upon opening the valve controlling the delivery of oil to the burner is that the oil flowing rapidly into the vaporizing chamber floods the llghtmg ring or wick adjacent to the inlet orle, and upon lighting the ring it burns unevenly for a time, flaming ad acentto the inlet pipe until the oil is un1formly d1stributed throughout the wick and the flame brought under control.
@ne of the objects therefore of this invention is to overcome this objectionable feature by delivering the fuel oil through an annular passageway having a perforated wall adjacent to and concentric wlth the'vaporizing chamber housing the lighting rmg, whereby the oil may be simultaneously and uniformly delivered to the ring so that upon lighting the oil stored in the latter 1t may instantly present a flame of uniform height and intensity that the gas generated thereby may be of a constant uniform character and insuring throughout an intense even flame.
With the foregoing and other objects in View which will hereafter appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides inv the combination of parts and in details of construction hereinafter' more fully described.
]ln the drawings accompanying this speciicationz- Figure 1 is a side elevation of a hydrocarbon burner with parts broken away.
Fig. 2 is a central vertical sectional view through the same.
Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view on line 3-3 of Fig. 2.,
specification of Letters raient. i
Patented Jan., 22, i918,
serial ne. 122,338.
Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view of an enlarged detail of the annular feeding channel and vaporizing chamber.
Y Referring now to the letters of reference placed upon the drawings:
A, denotes an inner cylindrical chimney having apertures cz, to admit air to the flame between it and the outer chimney B, which is also perforated at b, for the passage of air.
C, indicates an annular vaporizing chamber having offset portions C, C', forming ledges upon which the respective chimneys A, and B, are supported when in position.
C2, denotes a plurality of perforations in the outer wall of the -vaporizing chamber lf)or the passage of liquid fuel into the cham- -D, indicates an asbestos or other lighting ring, supported in a suitable collar D, adapted to be contained in the vaporizing chamber. 4 j
E, designatesan annular ring or channel member, surrounding the perforated wall of the vaporizing chamber for the simultaneous delivery of liquid fuel to the entire surface of the latter ;-the ring being preferably brazed to the wall of the vaporizer that it may be an integral part thereof, in order to avoid the escape of gas between the abutting walls resulting from the increase of temperature due to the proximity of the ring to the vaporizing chamber'.
F, denotes a pipe for the delivery of liquid fuel to thering E, and l1" is a suitable valve for controlling the delivery of fuel through the pipe.
Gr, indicates the usual annular shield surrounding the burner to guard it from air currents that might affect'the flame.
Having indicated the several parts by reference letters the construction and operation of the device will be readily understood. v
Upon opening the valve controlling the delivery of oil to the ring E, the oil will immediately flow completely .around the ring, entering the vaporizing chamber through the relatively small apertures in the wall of the latter, which serves as a baffle plate, to insure uniform distribution of the fuel over the entire surface of the lighting` ring housed within vaporizing chamber. To ignite the oil in the vaporizing chamber a torch or lighted match is aplill@ plied to the 'ring-producing an instantaneous and complete annular flame of uniform height throughout the vaporizing chamber and thereby effecting a complete and uniformvaporization of the oil subsequently delivered thereto, and thus avoiding the usual flaming incident to initial ignition of hydro-carbon burners of this character.
Having thus described my invention, whatv I claim is 1. In a hydro-carbon burner, a. vaporizing chamber including inner and outer walls offset to form spaced ledges, the outer wall of the chamber having relatively small apertures, inner and outer cylindrical chimneys seated on the respective ledges of the vaporodors Afrom the channel incident to the heating of the oil is prevented.
2. In a hydrocarbon burner, a vaporizin chamber including inner and outer walls o set to form spaced ledges,the outer wall posed immediately under the ledge of thev outer wall of the chamber, the chamber and channel having communication through said relativelyv small apertures in the outer wall of the chamber whereby the escape of unpleasant odors from the channel incident to the heating ofthe oil is prevented.
In testimony whereof I sign this specification in thepresence of two witnesses.
HAWLEY E. DAINES. Witnesses:
L. E. THOMAS, N. HURLEY.
US12233816A 1916-09-27 1916-09-27 Hydrocarbon-burner. Expired - Lifetime US1254209A (en)

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US12233816A US1254209A (en) 1916-09-27 1916-09-27 Hydrocarbon-burner.

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US12233816A US1254209A (en) 1916-09-27 1916-09-27 Hydrocarbon-burner.

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2500324A (en) * 1945-09-22 1950-03-14 Thure A Quart Combustion tube oil burner

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2500324A (en) * 1945-09-22 1950-03-14 Thure A Quart Combustion tube oil burner

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