US120174A - Improvement in feather-renovators - Google Patents

Improvement in feather-renovators Download PDF


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US120174A US120174DA US120174A US 120174 A US120174 A US 120174A US 120174D A US120174D A US 120174DA US 120174 A US120174 A US 120174A
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    • B68G3/00Treating materials to adapt them specially as upholstery filling
    • B68G3/08Preparation of bed feathers from natural feathers
    • B68G3/10Cleaning or conditioning of bed feathers



improvement vin Feather Rnovators.

N0. 120,174. .Patented-0c-t. 24 1871.

JIM/670720715. A K 2471/4 Wwms es;


Improvement in Feather Pienovators. 4W N 120,174 PatentedOct.2-4,187-1.

W I Jig .5.



Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 120,174, dated October 24, 1871.

To all whom it may concern:'

Be it known that we, JoHN WELLFARE and FRED CHAMPAGNE, of Aurora, in the county of Kane and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Feather Renovators; and do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawing making a part of this specification, in which Figure 1 is a perspective view of our device. Fig. 2 is an end elevation of the same. Fig. 3 is a vertical longitudinal section of said device 011 the line as 00 of Fig. 2, and Fig. 4 is a vertical cross-section of the same on the line 00 w of Fig. 3.

Letters. of like name and kind refer to like parts in each of the figures.

Our invention belongs to a class of devices having for their object the cleaning of feathers, hair, and other like substances used for forming beds, matresses, cushions, &c.; and it consists, principally, in the peculiar construction of the reservoir for containing the material being operated upon, substantially as and for the purpose hereinafter specified. It consists, further, in the construction and relative arrangement within the reservoir of the apparatus for admitting steam to its interior, substantially as and for the purpose hereinafter shown. It consists, further, in the means employed for the removal from the reservoir of all volatile or gaseous impurities given off from the material being cleansed, substantially as and for the purpose hereinafter set forth. It consists, further, in the means employed for removing from the reservoir all solid impurities separated fromthe feathers, substantially as is hereinafter shown and described. It consists, further, in the means employed for removing moisture from the material being cleansed, substantially as and for the purpose hereinafter specified. It consists, finally, in the device as a whole, constructed and ar-- ranged substantially as and for the. purpose hereinafter shown.

In the annexed drawing, A and B represent the ends O and D the sides and E the top of the reservoir, having, preferably, a rectangular shape horizontally. The ends A and B are extended downward to a sufficient distance and are each bifurcated so as to form suitable legs,

a and 1), upon which the reservoir is supported. The lower side of the reservoir thus formed is inclosed by means of two sheet-metal bottoms, F and F, which extend downward and across in a curve, and have their ends inclosed so as to form between their contiguous surfaces a space or air-tight chamber, G. Extending lengthwise along the center of each metal plate F and F is a semicircular depression, f and f respectively, the upper of which, f, forms a trough, which is divided horizontally and midway between its upper edge and bottom by means of a solid metal diaphragm, H, and inclosed at its upper side by means of a perforated metal diaphragm, I. A series of short pipes or nipples, i1, extending upward from the transverse center of the diaphragm H furnish a communication between the chainbers z and z. Passing horizontallyoutward from each end of the upper chamber 2 is a pipe, K and L, to the latter of which is attached a funnel, M, while from the ends of the lower chamber 2 project similar pipes N and O, the latter of which turns vertically downward and connects with a pipe, P, that passes horizontally i11- ward beneath the 10 er bottomplate F and then upward into the chamber G. A valve, 0, placed within the vertical portion of the pipe 0 midway between its upper and lower ends, and a similar valve, 19, placed within the pipe P midway between its inner end and said pipe 0 enables communication between either of the chambers z and G and the open air to be opened or closed at will. Extending vertically upward from the upper side E of the reservoir, and at one side of its trans verse center, are two short pipes,which, from a large base, are drawn rapidly inward and upward, and are connected with and support a horizontal pipe, R, that is inclosed at one end and, having alength somewhat greater than the length of said reservoir,has its open end extended over and beyond one end of the latter. The open end of the pipe R is closed, when desired, by means of a valve, 1", immediately outside of which'is connected a small pipe, S, that, extending vertically downward and then horizontally inward, has its lower end connected with the space Gr between the bottoms F and F. One side, 0, and the top E of the reservoir are hinged and provided with suitable locking devices so as to enable said parts to be opened or closed at pleasure and furnish ready access to the top and side of said reservoir, while a circular opening, t, provided in and through the end B, and closed by means of a sheet-metal cover,T,alfo1-ds a like access to the end of the same.

The device is now complete and the pipe B, being connected with a chimney or other flue having a strong draught, and the pipe P, connected with a steam-boiler, is operated as fol lows The feathers or othermaterial to be cleansed are placed within the reservoir and the hinged top E, side G, cover T, and the pipes K and L tightly closed, after which steam is admitted through the pipe 0 into the chamber z,i'1on1 whence it escapes through the nipples h and perl'orated diaphragm H into the material to be cleansed. The feathers being occasionally stirred so as to present each portion of the mass to the action of the steam, the volatile impurities are driven off into and through the pipe R, while tne solid impurities are dissolved and washed downward by the condensed steam and pass through the perforated diaphragm into the trough beneath. When the contents of the res ervoir have been sufficiently cleansed the inward flow of steam is arrested and the dirt, which has fallen through the perforated diaphragm into the trough beneath, is removed therefrom by pouring water into the funnel M and permitting the same to escape from the discharge-pipe K, after which all moisture contained within the cleansed mass of feathers is thoroughly and speedily removed by admitting hot steam to the chamber G between the metal bottoms F and F, and when thus dried said feathers are ready for removal and use.

The office of the pipe S is to afford a communication between the chamber G and pipe It, through which a sufficient quantity of steam may pass to insure a high temperature for the contents of said steam-chamber.

Although no especial means are shown for stirring up the contents of the reservoir it is intended to employ a reel provided with suitable radial arms, pivoted within the heads of said reservoir and revolved by means of a crank secured to one of the projecting ends of the reelshaft.

Having thus fully set forth the nature and merits of our invention, what we claim as new,

1. The reservoir for containing feathers, consisting of the ends A and B, the hinged side O, the fixed side D, the hinged cover E, the metal cover T, and the metal bottoms F and F, when the several parts are constructed and combined substantially as and for the purpose specified.

2. The means employed for admitting steam to the interior of the reservoir, consisting of the chamber 2, the nipples h,the perforated diaphragm I, and the pipe 0, substantially as and for the purpose shown.

3. The means employed for removing the volatile or gaseous impurities from the feathers, consistin g of the pipe R communicating with the reservoir and with a smoke-flue, in combination with the steam-admitting devices above named, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

4. The means employed for removing from the reservoir the solid impurities separated from the feathers, consisting of the chamber z, the perforated diaphragm I, the pipes K and L, and thefunnel M, substantially as shown and described.

5. The means employed for removing moisture from the cleansed feathers, consisting of the metal bottoms F F, the chamber G, and the steam-pipe P, in combination with the pipe R, substantially as specified.

6. The device as a whole when each of its parts are constructed and combined substantially as and for the purpose shown.





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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050019371A1 (en) * 2003-05-02 2005-01-27 Anderson Aron B. Controlled release bioactive agent delivery device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050019371A1 (en) * 2003-05-02 2005-01-27 Anderson Aron B. Controlled release bioactive agent delivery device

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