US1170034A - Electrical connector. - Google Patents

Electrical connector. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1170034A
US1170034A US2530115A US2530115A US1170034A US 1170034 A US1170034 A US 1170034A US 2530115 A US2530115 A US 2530115A US 2530115 A US2530115 A US 2530115A US 1170034 A US1170034 A US 1170034A
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Prior art keywords
timer
terminals
conductors
insulated
cable
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US2530115A
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William H Adams
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William H Adams
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B67/00Engines characterised by the arrangement of auxiliary apparatus not being otherwise provided for, e.g. the apparatus having different functions; Driving auxiliary apparatus from engines, not otherwise provided for
    • F02B67/04Engines characterised by the arrangement of auxiliary apparatus not being otherwise provided for, e.g. the apparatus having different functions; Driving auxiliary apparatus from engines, not otherwise provided for of mechanically-driven auxiliary apparatus
    • F02B67/06Engines characterised by the arrangement of auxiliary apparatus not being otherwise provided for, e.g. the apparatus having different functions; Driving auxiliary apparatus from engines, not otherwise provided for of mechanically-driven auxiliary apparatus driven by means of chains, belts, or like endless members

Description

W. H- ADAMS.
' ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR. AFLLICATION FILED MAYI, 19:5.
Patented Feb. 1, 1916.
I n ve'nror. WiHiam H. Adams byew aw A f/M s UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
WILLIAM H, nnAMsor Kenyon, nnonn ISLAND.
ELECTRICAL ()QNNECTOR.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 1, 1916.
Application filed May 1, 1915. Serial No. 25,301.
all whom it may concern:
'Be it known thatl, WILLIAM H. ADAMS, a citizen ofthe United States, residing at Kenyon, county of Washington, State .of Rho-delsland, have invented an Improvement in Electrical Connectors, of which the following description, in connection with the accompanying drawing, is a specification, like characters on the drawing fpresenting likeparts, v This invention relates to improvements in electrical connectors and has particular reference to removing the strains of vibratory, or
other tensioned stresses from the individual,
current-carrying media. Such strain results in parted condiictors or in loosened imperfect contacts eachv entailing circuit interruption. It is commonto convey one or more electri cal conductors within an armored or otherwise protected sheath, conduit or cable. In such forms the contained wires or other conductors emerge from the cable at each end and are thereafter carried to the desired points, to a source of electrical energy and to a current utilization point. Resulting from such constructions, practice has demon strated thatthe terminals of the individual,
strands or wires, thus isolated and frequently singly bearing the stress of the cable weight or oi any force or motion imparted thereto, are broken under repeated bendings.
Where the usual conducting wires terminate, in metallic pins or tips the ordinary jars tend to pull and twist them out ofcontact. And, whilethe novel electrical connectors disclosed herein are adapted especially for use with the ignition systems of inter-- nal combustion engines, their multifarious adaptations to electrical circuits where flexibility and certain continuity of current conduction is desired, are obvious.
lhe selected embodiment of this invention, herein described and illustrated, is that of such an electrical connector as isdesigne'd to convey electrical,energy from the usual spark coil to the commutator or timer of an internal combustion engine. Especlally in motor vehicle service, with the constant swaying and jarring shocks and the frequent movement of the commutator to change its angular position consequent upon the advance or the retardation of the spark lever to meet the demands of varying loads, is such bending and torsional strain present. Furthermore, in such service these individual'wires though properly insulated are directly and singly exposed constantly to high temperatures, to oil and to dirt by which means their insulation rapidly deteriorates and breaks occur which are diiiicult both of detection and of repair due to their restricted and ofttimes inaccessible locations.
The object of this invention is to provide a flexible electrical connector to which the terminals of the current-carrying means are rigidly secured.
Another object is to provide an electrical connection for the spark coil and timer parts of an internal combustion engine, the our-- rent carrying media being incased in an insulated conduitthe timer and coil termi nals of the respective media being rigidly attached to the cable.
Other objects of the invention will more fully appear from the following description and from the accompanying drawings and will be pointed out in the annexed claims.
An embodiment of this invention as adapted to the engine ignition parts of the well-known Ford automobiles has been illustrated. Howeveryit is obvious that this device maybe employed with an internal com- 'tion of a modified connection at spark coil and timer terminals; Fig. 6 is a View of another modified timer connection; Fig. 7 is a plan of the timer terminal shown in Fig. 6.
In the drawings, the connections shown are for tour current-carrying elements as employed, for example, to convey electrical impulses between the spark coil and the commutator or timer. The wires 1, four in number as shown, are carried within a cable or conduit 2. This conduit comprises the usually spirally taped, knitted or woven covering inclosing a flexible insulating medium 2) in which are embedded the wires 1, thus respectively insulated from each other. This conduit is rigidly secured at each end to the respective terminals shown. At one end is shown the spark coil connection. This consists, in the form shown in Fig. l. of a tubular portion 1 of a material having insulating properties preferably of wood or fiber. .& sleeve 5 which surrounds and retains therein the tubular portion has a cylindrical coupling (3 within which is received the conduit. The wires 1 are led to their respective terminals '7 which are insulated from each other' These terminals are formed of a condimting material and have apertures 8 to receive the usual binding posts of a spark coil. This tubular portion receives. when the wires are electrically attached to their respective terminals. an insulating substance 3 which enters therein in a. viscous state and subsequently hardens.
In Fig. 53 is shown another form of spark coil connection. The wooden or fibrous portion 9 receives on 'its surface the wires 1 which are secured thereto and are thus led to their respective terminals 7 secured to the wood or fiber, preferably countersunk. and having apertures S to receive. in electrical contact the spark coil binding posts. in this form the portion 9 has an. integral projection 10 to which the conduit 2 is secured by the plate 11. screwed to the projection.
As at the spark coil end of the connector. so at the comn'mtator or timer end. all stresses-longitudinal or transverse are borne by the conduit and not, as at present, by the individual conductors.
Referring again to Fig. l, the connection to the usual timer mechanism is shown. The timer casing 12 contains the usual fiber ring 13 having equidistantly embedded therein the four contact segments 14 each having its binding post 15. The usual roller contact, carried by the roller arm mounted upon the timer shaft and revoluble therewith, is shown. Each bindin g post 15 passes through the fiber ring and through the timer casing. The casing, opposite each binding post, has an opening in which is inserted, and suitably retained, the insulating collar 16. The
' Washer 17 of non-conducting material is sccured t0 the collar. The binding post eX- tends through the collar and washer and has secured in adjustable threaded engagement thereon the usual thumb nut.
The cable or conduit 2 at this timer end is rigidly aiiixed to a substantially annular head 18 which is composed of inflexible or hardened insulating material 19 surrounded by the usual protective taped or Woven co v-- 'eri'ng. The -Wire's 1 pass from. the conduit to 'thistimer headand are carried embedded in the material, being thereby respectively in sulated. Each wire has secured thereto a metal conducting terminal .20 which projects from the under side of the head. The wires 1 in the head are of progressively increasing; lengths so that each terminal may be positioncd adjacent and may be detachably cured. to one binding post. The terminals 20, aperturml to receive the binding posts, are thus rctentively held between the insulating washer 17 and the thumb nut. In dotted lines in Fig. l. is shown a transverse brace 21 joining the two ends of the head insuring greater rigidity should. it be deemed necessary.
Another form of rigid timer connection is shown in Figs. 3 and 4; in which the head is composed of a channel iron or U-shapcd member having a coupling ailixcd thereto in which the conduit 2 is received and rigidly retained. This member which is preferably metallic is filled with a hill dened insulation in which the wires 1 are en'ibedded. The inner face 2% is positioned next to the timer casing 12. A plurality of binding postslots are a tlorded by cutting awav the lower flange and the inner face. of this member. The wires are led through the head in parallel pairs from the coluluit 2. The end oi each wire is electrically con" nccted to a conducting metal sleeve 26 which has a bottom longitudinal slot. This head is, tl'ieret'ore. ada 'acd to be POSltlOl'lfitl about the timer casing from which the binding posts project by removing the thumb note from each and sliding the head there" The binding posts 15 are received ear-h wi... in a slot 2! and make electrical comic with the slotted metal sleeve 2h. The i. ramh screws are then adjustalily tight 1d ug ion the binding post and sleeve and the llfll i fixedly retained.
Fig. 5 shows another modification of a timer connection. In. this structure the lleai' ble conduit 2 is fixedly secured to and "re-- ceived within a wooden or fibrous block 32?. Secured to this block are in this ern icdimeat T0111 rigid metallic conducting bars .55 ear of which is screwed to the, block at one end The other ends at those conducto a each attached to a bindingpost. bars and posts being switably insulated from the timer casing. Each of the wires from the sparh coil is electrically attached to a bar.
In Figs. 6 and 7 is shown another form oi rigid timer connection. In this structure. the timer casing is preferably of a pressed or molded electrically insulating material, the conductors being embedded and relatively insulated in the annular enlarged pan tion shown in section in Fig. 6 when: the integral casing is shown partially li ol' away This easing has an offset pi i into whichv the. 1nulti-strand cond reci'vedand fixedly retained. lilach Sit or wire 1 is led through the insulation to a collar -30 carried by and making electrical connection with one of the binding posts 15. There is thus produced an improved electrical connection having a main flexible wire carrying conduit whereby all strain is remo ed from the individual Wires. It is eliicient, simple and easy of attachment and liability of cirduit interruption is reduced to a minimum.
It is understood that the embodiments of the invention as disclosed herein are illustrative and not restrictive and that the invention may be incorporated in other apparatus, and that it may be used for other pur poses than in connection with timing mecha nisms.
Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Pat ent is: v
1. An electrlcal connector comprising a flexible cable, members rigidly affixed to 0p posite ends of said cable and each having a'plurality of relatively insulated terminals, a plurality of relatively insulated conductors carried by said. cable, each oppositely disposed pair; of said relatively insulated terminals being cennected by one of said conductors, whereby relative movement of saidmembers is compensated for by said cable and said members and strains upon said terminals and conductors are avoided. 2. An electrical connector comprising a flexible cable, inflexible members rigidly affixed to opposite ends of said cable, and forming therewith a substantially integral continuous structure, each of, said inflexible members having a plurality,- of relatively in: sulated terminals, a plurality of relatively insulated conductors carried by said cable, each oppositely disposed pair of relatively insulated terminals being connected by one of said conductors, whereby relative move ment of said members is compensated for by said cable and said'members and strains upon said terminals and conductors are avoided.
In an electrical connector, a flexible insulating medium, a plurality of relatively ".insulated conductors carried by said medium, members rigidly affixed to opposite ends of said medium, each member having a plurality of relatively insulated terminals, a head substantially annular formed by'one of. said members and bearing therein the relatively insulated conductors of progressively increased length.
l, In an electrical connector, a flexible insulating medium, a series of relatively insulated conductors carried within said medium, means for connecting said. conductors to electrical receiving and distributing elemmsts including an inflexible head rigidly secured to said insulating medium said relatively insulated conductors extending into minals carried by said member, means for rigidly securing said member to each group, each of said conductors making a relatively insulated electrical connection between pairs of terminals.
7. In an electrical connector, a. flexible insulating medium, a plurality ofconductors separately embedded in said medium and carried thereby, rigid members inflexibly affixed to opposite ends of said medium and having a. plurality of relatively insulated terminals, one of said members comprising a block of insulating material, rigid relatively insulated terminals secured thereto and extending therefrom, and means for connecting said conductors to said terminals,
8. A group of relatively immovable and relatively insulated terminals adapted to be severally attached to the binding'posts of a multiple spar]; coil, a cable comprising mutually insulated and protected strands equal in number to said'terminals,a rigidly connected but mutually insulated group of terg minals conuectedto the opposite end of said cable and adapted to fit-and be fastened upon the binding posts of a commutator.
9. An electrical connector for ignition systems of internal combustion engines, including a flexible medium, a series of relatively insulated.conductors carried by said medium, a timer casing rigidly secured to said medium and forming therewith a subby a substantially continuous structure is formed, 'a series of relatively insulated terminals in said casing,said conductors extending from said flexible medium into said insulating casing and electrically connected each .to one of said terminals.
11. in anignition device for internal combustion engines, a rigid membercomprising w eaa a series of relatively insulated terminals in said casing, said conductors extending adapted each to be attached to a spark coil into said chamber and each having a rela 10 unit, a timer including a casing therefor, a tively insulated terminal adapted to make flexible insulating medium rigidly secured to connection with a timer roller contact. said member and to said timer casing, a In testimony whereof, I have signed my series of conduct-01's carried by said flexible name to this specification medium and relatively insulated therein, an
annular insulating and distributing chamber WlLlQIAlil H. ADAMS.
US2530115A 1915-05-01 1915-05-01 Electrical connector. Expired - Lifetime US1170034A (en)

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