US1146264A - Dental splint. - Google Patents

Dental splint. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1146264A
US1146264A US84975114A US1914849751A US1146264A US 1146264 A US1146264 A US 1146264A US 84975114 A US84975114 A US 84975114A US 1914849751 A US1914849751 A US 1914849751A US 1146264 A US1146264 A US 1146264A
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splint
plates
members
dental splint
shaped
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Expired - Lifetime
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US84975114A
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Will S Kelly
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Will S Kelly
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/04Plaster of Paris bandages; Other stiffening bandages

Description

W. S. KELLY.

DENTAL SPLINT.

APPLICATION FILED JULY 8. 1914.

1, 146,264. Patented July 13, 1915.

Inllllllllllllllllllllllfllllllllllllllllllll Zfizinmmp WILL S. KELLY, 0F WILKES-BARRE, PENNSYLVANIA.

DENTAL SPLINT.

Application filed July 8, 1914. Serial No. 849,751.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, VVILL S. KELLY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne' county, State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Dental Splints, of which the following is a specification.

My invention comprises two U-shaped trays adapted to receive the upper and, lower jaws, the trays having marginal flanges to confine the cement or compound.

which holds the jaws in position, and the two trays being connected by one or more pillars of malleable or bendable material so that the angle of the trays may be adjusted to thenatural angle of the jaws of the patient when in position-for setting a fracture.

The invention will be described in detail in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which,

Figure 1 is a plan view of a dental splint constructed according to my invention; Fig. 2 is a front view of the same; Fig. 3 isa side view showing the two members of the splint slightly separated at the rear; Fig. a is a section on the line 1-l of Fig. 1 showing the two members of the splint arranged at a less acute angle than in Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a section on the line 55 of Fig. 1; and Fig.- 6 is a similar section illustrating a modification.

Referring to the drawing, A, B, indicate the upper and lower members of the splint. These members are substantially identical in shape and construction. Each member is generally U-shaped and provided with an inner marginal flange 10 and an outer marginal flange 11. The channel formed by the U-shaped plate 12 and its marginal flanges 10, 11 is preferably narrow at the middle where it receives the front teeth of the patient and wider at the rear open ends where it receives the double teeth. The flanges are sufliciently high to confine the cement or other material in which a fractured jaw is set, but low enough so that they do not interfere with closing the jaws or annoy the patient by cutting into the gums.

The U-shaped members A, B, are arranged back to back, to register with each other, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3, and they are connected by one or more pillars 18 which may be inte ral with the members A, B, as shown in Fig. 5, or suitably con- Specification of Letters Patent. 7

Patented s, 191.5.

nected therewith, as shownin Fig. 6. The U-shaped members of the splint may be constructed of metal, hard rubber or other ma. terial of a sanitary nature. The connecting pillars, which are preferably arranged near the front of the device, are preferably made I of malleable or pliable metal which can be bent to change the angularity of the mem-.

bers A, B, and which will hold the members in any desired relation. When the jawv members A, B, are of metal the pillars. may be of the same metal, if suitable, orthey may be of a softer metal and integral with or attached to the jaw members. I i

In using my improved dental splint the device is placed in the mouth of the patient and the jawscarefully closed thereon until. the teeth fit against the plates 12. In fit-l ting the splint it is preferable to separate the rear endsslightly and thenpermit the bite of the patient to adjust them to the natural angle of the jaws when the teeth are pressed against the upper and lower plates 12.

WVhen the splint has been adjusted as described, it is removed and the channels are filled with cement or a suitable compound or composition. The splint is then replaced in the mouth of the patient and the jaws are brought together and pressed into the compound until the teeth touch the plates 12- During this operation care must be taken to properly adjust the fractured portions of the jaw or jaws. When the cementing material has set or hardened it will adhere to the splint and tothe teeth and the jaws will be held indefinitely in proper position Without the use ofa bandage. In case of a jaw unprovided with teeth a bandage must be used.

When the splint is in position it need not be disturbed until the fractured bones have Having described my invention what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A dental splint of unitary construction having two U-shaped members adapted to receive the upper and lower jaws, and one or more pillars connecting said members and holding them in proper relative position.

2. A dental splint of unitary construction having two U-shaped members adapted to receive the upper and lower j aws, and one or more pillars connecting said members and holding them in proper relative position and being sufficiently soft to permit of relative adjustment of the members and sufficiently stiff to hold them in adjusted position.

3. A dental splint comprising two U- shaped plates each having inner and outer marginal flanges, and a pillar connecting the plates and rigidly secured thereto.

4. A dental splint of unitary construction having two U-shaped plates each having inner and outer marginal flanges, and one or more pillars connecting the plates and being sufiiciently soft to permit of relative adjustment of the plates and sufficiently stiff to hold them in adjusted position.

5. A dental splint comprising two U- shaped metal plates, and an integral bendable pillar connecting said plates.

6. A dental splint of unitary construction having two U-shaped flanged plates separated in front sufliciently to permit of feeding between the plates, and two symmetrically arranged pillars connecting said plates at the forward part thereof.

7. A dental splint comprising two U- shaped flanged plates separated in front sufficient y to permit of feeding between the plates, and two metal pillars connecting said plates at the forward parts thereof, said pillars being bendable to permit of relative adjustment of the plates.

8. A dental splint comprising two U- shaped members arranged one above the other in angular relation and with their extremities spaced apart, and one or more pillars connecting said members and bendable to permit the space between said ends to be changed or to permit one member to he bodily displaced relatively to the other.

In testimony whereof I afliX my signature in presence of two witnesses.

VILL S. KELLY.

-Witnesses HENRY BENNETT, H. H. SWAINBANK.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.

US84975114A 1914-07-08 1914-07-08 Dental splint. Expired - Lifetime US1146264A (en)

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Cited By (54)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2467432A (en) * 1943-07-23 1949-04-19 Harold D Kesling Method of making orthodontic appliances and of positioning teeth
US2521039A (en) * 1949-03-16 1950-09-05 Victor H Carpenter Tooth guard
US2590118A (en) * 1949-10-01 1952-03-25 Jr Vincent J Oddo Mouthpiece
US3250002A (en) * 1962-02-26 1966-05-10 Michael B Collito Dental methods employing a cyanoacrylate
US4376628A (en) * 1979-05-09 1983-03-15 B.V. Gaba Device for treating teeth
US4791941A (en) * 1987-06-12 1988-12-20 Gator Corporation Athletic mouth guard
US4902227A (en) * 1988-05-04 1990-02-20 Pascal Company, Inc. Dental treatment tray
US5042506A (en) * 1989-11-02 1991-08-27 Liberati Salvator P Antisnoring training device
US5381783A (en) * 1993-12-29 1995-01-17 Hintz; Roger L. Mouthpiece with a breathing channel
WO1995008969A1 (en) * 1993-09-29 1995-04-06 Thornton W Keith Apparatus for preventing snoring and improving breathing
US5537994A (en) * 1994-06-03 1996-07-23 Thornton; W. Keith Combination face mask and dental device for improved breathing during sleep
US5562106A (en) * 1994-04-20 1996-10-08 Heeke; David W. Dental appliance for relief of snoring and method of making same
US5678567A (en) * 1994-03-25 1997-10-21 Thornton; W. Keith Apparatus for adjusting a dental device
US5829441A (en) * 1997-06-24 1998-11-03 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Customizable dental device for snoring and sleep apnea treatment
US5868138A (en) * 1993-04-13 1999-02-09 Silent Knight Ventures, Inc. Dental appliance for treatment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea
US5954048A (en) * 1994-06-03 1999-09-21 Thornton; W. Keith Device and method for improving breathing
US5983892A (en) * 1994-06-03 1999-11-16 Thornton; W. Keith Device for improving breathing
US6161542A (en) * 1993-04-13 2000-12-19 Silent Knights Ventures Inc. Method of treating snoring and obstructive sleep apnea
US6247926B1 (en) 2000-01-17 2001-06-19 W. Keith Thornton Oral appliance having a bonding layer and methods for fitting and relining same
US6305376B1 (en) 1999-09-09 2001-10-23 W. Keith Thornton Device and method for improving breathing
US6405729B1 (en) 2000-04-05 2002-06-18 W. Keith Thornton Oral appliance for improving breathing and method of constructing same
US6464924B1 (en) 2000-04-05 2002-10-15 W. Keith Thornton Method of forming a custom mask using an impression mask
US6571798B1 (en) 2000-04-05 2003-06-03 W. Keith Thornton Device for improving breathing and method of constructing same
US20030217753A1 (en) * 2002-05-01 2003-11-27 Thornton W. Keith Device and method for improving a user's breathing
US6675802B1 (en) 2001-05-08 2004-01-13 W. Keith Thornton Device for improving breathing incorporating a detachable venting seal
US20040079374A1 (en) * 2002-10-24 2004-04-29 Thornton W. Keith Custom fitted mask and method of forming same
US6729335B1 (en) * 1993-04-13 2004-05-04 Silent Knights Ventures Inc. Dental appliance for treatment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea
US7243650B2 (en) 2004-07-12 2007-07-17 Thornton W Keith Custom fitted mask configured for coupling to an external gas supply system and method of forming same
US20070235037A1 (en) * 2006-04-06 2007-10-11 Thornton W K Oral Appliance for Treating a Breathing Condition
US20080000483A1 (en) * 2006-06-14 2008-01-03 Leonard Wayne Halstrom Intra-oral appliance for treatment of sleep disorders
US20080032256A1 (en) * 2006-08-07 2008-02-07 Thornton W Keith Device and Method for Forming a Custom Oral Appliance
US20110186054A1 (en) * 2010-02-01 2011-08-04 Bryan Boyd Apparatus for Facilitating Respiration During Nasal Congestion, and Related Methods
US8020276B2 (en) 2006-11-30 2011-09-20 Airway Technologies, Llc System and method for custom-orienting a medical mask to an oral appliance
US8166976B2 (en) 2008-10-03 2012-05-01 Sleeping Well Llc Mandibular advancement device with positive positioning hinge
US8236216B2 (en) 2006-07-06 2012-08-07 Airway Technologies, Llc System and method for forming a custom medical mask using an orientation device
US8316857B2 (en) 2006-04-06 2012-11-27 Airway Technologies, Llc Oral appliance for treating a breathing condition
US8316858B2 (en) 2006-04-06 2012-11-27 Airway Technologies, Llc System for coupling an oral appliance to a medical mask
USD688832S1 (en) * 2011-05-17 2013-08-27 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
US8573224B2 (en) 2009-10-16 2013-11-05 Airway Technologies, Llc Custom-molded oral appliance and method of forming
US8607798B2 (en) 2010-06-02 2013-12-17 Shock Doctor, Inc. Custom mouthguard
US8607796B2 (en) 2009-02-27 2013-12-17 Airway Technologies, Llc Apparatus and method for coupling an oral appliance to a gas delivery device
US8662084B2 (en) 2011-04-05 2014-03-04 Airway Technologies, Llc Universal oral appliance with a universal coupler
US8671946B2 (en) 2011-04-05 2014-03-18 Airway Technologies, Llc Custom dental appliance and method of creating a custom dental appliance
US8689796B2 (en) 2010-05-17 2014-04-08 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard with linear storage configuration
US8783261B2 (en) 2011-04-05 2014-07-22 Airway Technologies, Llc Apparatus for prevention of snoring and improved breathing
US8874251B2 (en) 2006-07-06 2014-10-28 Airway Technologies, Llc System and method for forming a custom medical mask from a three-dimensional electronic model
US9345276B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2016-05-24 Shock Doctor, Inc. Clothing article with protective cup
USD830002S1 (en) 2016-09-27 2018-10-02 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
USD830001S1 (en) 2016-09-27 2018-10-02 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
USD834258S1 (en) 2016-09-30 2018-11-20 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
USD839485S1 (en) 2017-07-14 2019-01-29 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
USD841257S1 (en) 2017-07-14 2019-02-19 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
USD854753S1 (en) 2017-12-15 2019-07-23 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
US10376408B2 (en) 2015-11-04 2019-08-13 Airway Technologies, Llc Oral appliance

Cited By (72)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2467432A (en) * 1943-07-23 1949-04-19 Harold D Kesling Method of making orthodontic appliances and of positioning teeth
US2521039A (en) * 1949-03-16 1950-09-05 Victor H Carpenter Tooth guard
US2590118A (en) * 1949-10-01 1952-03-25 Jr Vincent J Oddo Mouthpiece
US3250002A (en) * 1962-02-26 1966-05-10 Michael B Collito Dental methods employing a cyanoacrylate
US4376628A (en) * 1979-05-09 1983-03-15 B.V. Gaba Device for treating teeth
US4791941A (en) * 1987-06-12 1988-12-20 Gator Corporation Athletic mouth guard
US4902227A (en) * 1988-05-04 1990-02-20 Pascal Company, Inc. Dental treatment tray
US5042506A (en) * 1989-11-02 1991-08-27 Liberati Salvator P Antisnoring training device
US6161542A (en) * 1993-04-13 2000-12-19 Silent Knights Ventures Inc. Method of treating snoring and obstructive sleep apnea
US6729335B1 (en) * 1993-04-13 2004-05-04 Silent Knights Ventures Inc. Dental appliance for treatment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea
US5868138A (en) * 1993-04-13 1999-02-09 Silent Knight Ventures, Inc. Dental appliance for treatment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea
US5427117A (en) * 1993-09-29 1995-06-27 Thornton; W. Keith Apparatus for prevention of snoring and improved breathing during sleep
US6516805B1 (en) * 1993-09-29 2003-02-11 W. Keith Thornton Apparatus for prevention of snoring and improved breathing during sleep
US5566683A (en) * 1993-09-29 1996-10-22 Thornton; W. Keith Apparatus for prevention of snoring and improved breathing during sleep
WO1995008969A1 (en) * 1993-09-29 1995-04-06 Thornton W Keith Apparatus for preventing snoring and improving breathing
US5381783A (en) * 1993-12-29 1995-01-17 Hintz; Roger L. Mouthpiece with a breathing channel
US5678567A (en) * 1994-03-25 1997-10-21 Thornton; W. Keith Apparatus for adjusting a dental device
US6155262A (en) * 1994-03-25 2000-12-05 Thornton; W. Keith Method and apparatus for adjusting a dental device
US5562106A (en) * 1994-04-20 1996-10-08 Heeke; David W. Dental appliance for relief of snoring and method of making same
US5983892A (en) * 1994-06-03 1999-11-16 Thornton; W. Keith Device for improving breathing
US5755219A (en) * 1994-06-03 1998-05-26 Thornton; W. Keith Device for improving breathing
US5537994A (en) * 1994-06-03 1996-07-23 Thornton; W. Keith Combination face mask and dental device for improved breathing during sleep
US6209542B1 (en) 1994-06-03 2001-04-03 W. Keith Thornton Combination face mask and dental device for improved breathing during sleep
US6374824B1 (en) 1994-06-03 2002-04-23 W. Keith Thornton Device for improving breathing
US5954048A (en) * 1994-06-03 1999-09-21 Thornton; W. Keith Device and method for improving breathing
US5829441A (en) * 1997-06-24 1998-11-03 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Customizable dental device for snoring and sleep apnea treatment
US6305376B1 (en) 1999-09-09 2001-10-23 W. Keith Thornton Device and method for improving breathing
US6247926B1 (en) 2000-01-17 2001-06-19 W. Keith Thornton Oral appliance having a bonding layer and methods for fitting and relining same
US6405729B1 (en) 2000-04-05 2002-06-18 W. Keith Thornton Oral appliance for improving breathing and method of constructing same
US6571798B1 (en) 2000-04-05 2003-06-03 W. Keith Thornton Device for improving breathing and method of constructing same
US6464924B1 (en) 2000-04-05 2002-10-15 W. Keith Thornton Method of forming a custom mask using an impression mask
US6675802B1 (en) 2001-05-08 2004-01-13 W. Keith Thornton Device for improving breathing incorporating a detachable venting seal
US20030217753A1 (en) * 2002-05-01 2003-11-27 Thornton W. Keith Device and method for improving a user's breathing
US7174895B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2007-02-13 W. Keith Thornton Device and method for improving a user's breathing
US7597103B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2009-10-06 W. Keith Thornton Device and method for improving a user's breathing
US20040079374A1 (en) * 2002-10-24 2004-04-29 Thornton W. Keith Custom fitted mask and method of forming same
US6857428B2 (en) 2002-10-24 2005-02-22 W. Keith Thornton Custom fitted mask and method of forming same
US7963284B2 (en) 2002-10-24 2011-06-21 Airway Technologies, Llc Custom fitted mask and method of forming same
US7243650B2 (en) 2004-07-12 2007-07-17 Thornton W Keith Custom fitted mask configured for coupling to an external gas supply system and method of forming same
US8316858B2 (en) 2006-04-06 2012-11-27 Airway Technologies, Llc System for coupling an oral appliance to a medical mask
US20090223525A1 (en) * 2006-04-06 2009-09-10 Thornton W Keith Oral Appliance for Treating a Breathing Condition
US20070235037A1 (en) * 2006-04-06 2007-10-11 Thornton W K Oral Appliance for Treating a Breathing Condition
US8316857B2 (en) 2006-04-06 2012-11-27 Airway Technologies, Llc Oral appliance for treating a breathing condition
US7721741B2 (en) 2006-04-06 2010-05-25 Thornton W Keith Oral appliance for treating a breathing condition
US7748386B2 (en) 2006-04-06 2010-07-06 Thornton W Keith Oral appliance for treating a breathing condition
US8356603B2 (en) 2006-04-06 2013-01-22 Airway Technologies, Llc Oral appliance for treating a breathing condition
US20080000483A1 (en) * 2006-06-14 2008-01-03 Leonard Wayne Halstrom Intra-oral appliance for treatment of sleep disorders
US8931486B2 (en) 2006-06-14 2015-01-13 Donald Lorne Halstrom Intra-oral appliance for treatment of sleep disorders
US8874251B2 (en) 2006-07-06 2014-10-28 Airway Technologies, Llc System and method for forming a custom medical mask from a three-dimensional electronic model
US8236216B2 (en) 2006-07-06 2012-08-07 Airway Technologies, Llc System and method for forming a custom medical mask using an orientation device
US7677889B2 (en) 2006-08-07 2010-03-16 Thornton W Keith Device and method for forming a custom oral appliance
US20080032256A1 (en) * 2006-08-07 2008-02-07 Thornton W Keith Device and Method for Forming a Custom Oral Appliance
US8020276B2 (en) 2006-11-30 2011-09-20 Airway Technologies, Llc System and method for custom-orienting a medical mask to an oral appliance
US8166976B2 (en) 2008-10-03 2012-05-01 Sleeping Well Llc Mandibular advancement device with positive positioning hinge
US8607796B2 (en) 2009-02-27 2013-12-17 Airway Technologies, Llc Apparatus and method for coupling an oral appliance to a gas delivery device
US8573224B2 (en) 2009-10-16 2013-11-05 Airway Technologies, Llc Custom-molded oral appliance and method of forming
US20110186054A1 (en) * 2010-02-01 2011-08-04 Bryan Boyd Apparatus for Facilitating Respiration During Nasal Congestion, and Related Methods
US8689796B2 (en) 2010-05-17 2014-04-08 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard with linear storage configuration
US8607798B2 (en) 2010-06-02 2013-12-17 Shock Doctor, Inc. Custom mouthguard
US8671946B2 (en) 2011-04-05 2014-03-18 Airway Technologies, Llc Custom dental appliance and method of creating a custom dental appliance
US8783261B2 (en) 2011-04-05 2014-07-22 Airway Technologies, Llc Apparatus for prevention of snoring and improved breathing
US8662084B2 (en) 2011-04-05 2014-03-04 Airway Technologies, Llc Universal oral appliance with a universal coupler
USD688832S1 (en) * 2011-05-17 2013-08-27 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
US9345276B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2016-05-24 Shock Doctor, Inc. Clothing article with protective cup
US10376408B2 (en) 2015-11-04 2019-08-13 Airway Technologies, Llc Oral appliance
USD830001S1 (en) 2016-09-27 2018-10-02 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
USD830002S1 (en) 2016-09-27 2018-10-02 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
USD834258S1 (en) 2016-09-30 2018-11-20 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
USD839485S1 (en) 2017-07-14 2019-01-29 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
USD841257S1 (en) 2017-07-14 2019-02-19 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
USD854753S1 (en) 2017-12-15 2019-07-23 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
USD857301S1 (en) 2017-12-15 2019-08-20 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouth guard

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