US1143897A - Mining-machine. - Google Patents

Mining-machine. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1143897A
US1143897A US70812212A US1912708122A US1143897A US 1143897 A US1143897 A US 1143897A US 70812212 A US70812212 A US 70812212A US 1912708122 A US1912708122 A US 1912708122A US 1143897 A US1143897 A US 1143897A
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shaft
machine
coal
arms
mining
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US70812212A
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Jefferson E Flexner
Edward O'toole
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Jefferson E Flexner
Edward O'toole
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C27/00Machines which completely free the mineral from the seam
    • E21C27/20Mineral freed by means not involving slitting
    • E21C27/24Mineral freed by means not involving slitting by milling means acting on the full working face, i.e. the rotary axis of the tool carrier being substantially parallel to the working face

Description

J. E. FLEXNER & E. OTOOLE.

3 SHEETS-SHEET I.

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III v INVENTOHS. I 5. 2% I iflffifw Q ,M 7m

Patented. June 22, 1915.

1. E. FLEXNER & IE. OTOOLE.

MINING MACHINE.

APPLICATION FILED JULY 8, 1912.

Patented June 22, 191-5.

3 SHEETSSHEET 3.

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Specification of'le tters Patent. Patented June figyll llfi. U

' .E tppiication filed .luly a, ma Serial no. 703,122.

T all whom, it may concern Be it known that we, Jnrrnnsbn E. FLEX NER and EDWARD OTloo'nn, citizens of the United State county of Dowell and State of West Virginia, have invented anew and useful Mining-Machine, of which the following is a specification.

(hr invention relates to the class of ma chines used inmining; coal, and more particularlyrelate's to the construction and ar-' rangement of the cutter heads used on and forming part of such coal cutting machines. O neob ect of our invention is to provide a mining machine having a rotary cutter head mounted thereon constructed and arranged to remove the coal brought into contact with the cutters'or picks and'to cut the clearance necessary to admit the constantly advancing cuttingmachine in removing the a coal from the ve Another object of the invention vide a rotating cutter head of novel construction and mounted on the mining ma- [chine to oscillate orrock while rotating, in

operating on the coal vein so as to out the clearance necessary to accommodate the coal min' machine and driving mechanism in the forward movement of the machine during the mining operations.

A further object of this invention is to provide a'cutter head adapted for use on a coal mining machineand arranged to move in such: manner as will out the clearance required to permit advancement of the coal handling apparatuslby which the coal is removed from in front of the mining machine and maintain the picks or cutters in operative position against the receding face of the ,coal bein mined.

o A still further object-ofthe invention is to provide a mining machine having im proved means for mechanically removing the coal as mined from in front of to the rear of the machine into mine cars or into position to be placed in mine cars.

Referring to the accompanying drawings forming part'of this specification, Figure 1 is a 'plan' showing a coal mining machine having a rotary oscillatory cutter head constructed and applied'for use thereto, in accordance with our-invention. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same, showing the mechanism employed inconnecting the motor or other prime mover with the oscilresiding at Gary, iii the i is to pron the outer end of the .arm. Fig. 3 is a similar .side elevation of thopposite side of the machine of Figs. 1 and 2, showing the traction wheel drivin'g'mechanism. Fig. 4: is a detail plan on a largeigscale and partly in section, showin the set screw construction used in adjustably securing the picks on the arms of the cutter head. Fig: 5 is a sectional plan showing a detail of the apparatus. I h

In the drawings the numeral 2 designates the-shaft of a series of radial arms3. On the outer end ,of each arm .3 a removable cutter or pick 4 is adjustably secured being held in adjusted position on the arm by a set screw or key 4:.

The entire length of the shaft 2 is provided with the arms 3 from in relatively staggered relation and the outside arms 3 located at the ends of the shaft 2 have the picks 49- facing out.- Wardly so as to operate to cut an the face of the coal vein wider than the over all length of the shaft 2, or. the widest partof the mining machine and thereby provide the clearance required for the forward movement of the mining machine necessary in continuous mining operations.

The shaft 2 is mounted in bearings 5, 5 on the outer ends of the swinging arms 6 which are pivoted by their other ends on the drive shaft 7 and the shaft 7 is rotatably mounted in bearings 8, 8, on the side frames 9 of the mining machine carriage.

At an intermediate pointin; the length of the arms 6 a driving in the bearings 11,' 11 I provided with sprocket wheels 12 which are connected by means of sprocket chains 13 with the sprocket wheels 14 on the shaft 2 for the cutter head. Alternate links onthe sprocket chains 13 are provided with detachable picks or cutters 4" which assist the cutters 4r, 4 in the coal cutting operations which radiate. therewhen the cutter head is positively driven by the chains ing machine. also provided 16 wh' '17 with a driving sprocket wheel 18 on the drive shaft 7.

The arms 6 are its rotary cutter head having a opening in shaft 10 is mounted and the shaft 10 is pivotally connected by r means of links 19 to one endof the lever arms 20 and 21 mounted on'opposite :aidesfl w of the machine on the ends of the shaft 22, which is secured in bearings 23, 23 provided for that purpose on the frame 9.

On one end of the shaft 22 a lever 24 is provided to which the eccentric arm 25 is adjust-ably secured, and the other end of the eccentric arm 25 is mounted on the eccentric or cam 26 which is rotatably secured on one end of a stub shaft 27, located on one side of the frame 9. Also mounted on the shaft 27 so as to positively rotate the eccentric .26 is a spur gear 28 which meshes with the spur pinion 29 on the rotary pivot shaft 7 which also serves as a countershaft for the driving motor 30, and a spur gear 31 on the shaft 7 meshes with a spur pinion 32 on the armature shaft of the motor 30. Secured on the opposite end of the pivot or motor countershaft 7 is a sprocket wheel 33, on which is the sprocket chain 34 driving the sprocket wheel 35 on the conveyer drive shaft 36 on which the sprocket wheels 41 are mounted, the shaft36 being mounted in bearings 37, 37 011 the frame 9 of the apparatus.

An endless conveyer, formed by sprocket chains 38, extends around idler sprockets 39 and 40 located on opposite ends of the frame 9 and sprocket wheels 41, 42 and 43 are employed to change the angular direction of travel of the conveyer. Conveyor flights 44 extend transversely between the two lines of the sprocket chain 38 by meansof which the cut coal is removed from in front of the mining machine, being pulled thereby over the bottom or floor 44 provided between the side members of the frame 9 for that purpose.

The side frames 9 of the carriage are provided with bearings in which the shafts 46 for the traction wheels 47 are mounted and along one side of the frame'9 on the shafts 46 are worm wheels 48, which mesh with the worms 49 on the worm driving shaft 50, by means a of which the mining machine is caused to travel forwardly and backwardly into the opening or entry formed'by the machine and whereby the machine is held stationary in cutting the coal. A ratchet wheel 51 on the shaft 50 is operatively engaged by a ratchet pawl 52 on the arm 53 pivoted on the shaft 50 and the outer end of the arm 53 is connected by the eccentric arm 54 with the eccentric .55 on the driven shaft 36, so as to operate the pawl 52 in rotating the shaft 50 to revolve the traction wheels 47.

On the shaft for the sprocket wheels 39 at the outer ends thereof, are spiral conveyers 56 and 57 ,these conveyers being made right and left hand so as to move the cut coal as engaged thereby in front of the machine into position to be engaged by the flights 44 on the coal conveyer and be removed on the conveyerfrom in front to the rear of the apparatus.

The rear'end of the eccentric shaft 25 is screw-threaded and passes loosely through a swivel 58, at opposite sides of which are adjusting nuts 59 to hold the swivel rigidly upon the member'25. This swivel 58 is provided at opposite sides with trunnions 60, each of which is rotatably mounted in a bearing block 61 that is slidably mounted in a slot or guideway 62 in the lower bifurcated portion of the member 24. An adjusting screw 63 passes upwardly through the bottom of each side of the bifurcated member 24 and also through the adjacent bearing block 61, whereby the rear end of the member 25 may be adjusted vertically.

The operation of my improved apparatus is as follows: The parts being assembled, as shown, the motor 30 is started to operate, which through the connecting mechanism causes the shaft 2 for the cutter head to rotate, and which through the connecting gearing also rotates the driving shaft 36 for the flight conveyer, the conveyer moving in the direction of the arrows shown in Figs. 2 and 3. As the motor rotates the eccentric or cam 26 on the shaft 27 is caused to rotate (at a lower speed than the motor) and, through the arm 25 and lever 24 the arms 20 and 21 are caused to rock with the shaft 22 to which the lever 24 is keyed or otherwise secured. The rocking movement of the arms 20, 21 through the links 19 causes the arm 6 to oscillate upwardly and downwardly on the pivot shaft 7 so that the cutters or picks 4 on the cutting head traverse a path defined by the top and bottom of the opening .cut in the face of the coal vein in mining the coal. The rotating picks4 loosen or dig the coal from the face of the vein for a'width equal to the distance between the outer faces of the picks 4, 4" on the end arms 3* mounted on the rotating shaft 2. The picks 4 on the sprocket chain 13 1also assist in cutting or removing the coa The coal as mined drops to the bottom of the entry and the portions thereof falling beyond the sides of the conveyer are engaged by the spiral conveyers 56 and 57 and moved inwardly until in front of the conveyer. As the flights 44 on the endless conveyer successively move around the idler onto the bottom of the frame 9 and being moved to the rear of the machine on the bottom 44 and is discharged over the end of the tail of the frame 9 of the mining machine. The ratchet arm 53 is rocked 'so as to intermittently rotate the shaft 50 and worms 49 thereon to revolve the traction wheels 47 and in this way move t machine inwardly in the entry and ma ntain the cutters on the cutter head in operative engagement with the face of the coal vein.

The advantages of our invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art. By the employment of the oscillating arm for the cutting head the cutting head cuts the clearance for the machine and avoids the necessity of hand labor in providing clearance for the machine in advancing into the entry. The cutter head is mechanically operated to oscillate as it is rotated to remove the coal.

The apparatus is simple and is easily kept in repair.

Modifications in the construction and arrangement of the parts may be made without departing from our invention as defined in the claims.

W e claim 1. In a mining machine, a frame, a drive shaft journaled on said frame, a driven shaft operatively connected to the drive shaft, arms pivoted concentric to the drive shaft, a rotary cutter bar supported by the arms and operatively connecte to said drive shaft, a rock shaft mounted on the frame, rock arms on the rock shaft, links connecting the rock arms and the first-mentioned arms, a lever arm on the rock shaft, a crank device carried by the driven shaft, and a link connecting the crank device with the lever arm.

2. In amining machine, a frame, a drive shaft journaled on said frame, a driven shaft operatively connected to the drive shaft, arms pivoted concentric to the drive shaft, a rotary cutter bar supported by the arms and operatively connected to said drive shaft, a rock shaft mounted on the frame,

rock arms on the rock shaft, links connect- JEFFERSON E. FLEXNER. EDWARD OTOOLE.

Witnesses:

D. G. HUcHns, A. E. SHELBURNE.

US70812212A 1912-07-08 1912-07-08 Mining-machine. Expired - Lifetime US1143897A (en)

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2595398A (en) * 1949-07-22 1952-05-06 Jesse C Clendenin Coal cutting and loading machine
US2630308A (en) * 1948-10-22 1953-03-03 Jeffrey Mfg Co Mining and loading machine
US2684234A (en) * 1949-06-29 1954-07-20 Safeway Mining Machine Company Mining machine undercutter
US2721067A (en) * 1949-12-05 1955-10-18 Joy Mfg Co Material conveyor, deflector and floor scraper arrangement on continuous miner for longwall operation
US2744741A (en) * 1954-01-05 1956-05-08 John C Spigarelli Rotary cutter mining machine with belt drive
US2744607A (en) * 1950-01-28 1956-05-08 Joy Mfg Co Floor clean-up arrangement for continuous miner
US2754101A (en) * 1949-01-21 1956-07-10 Saskatchewan Potash Machine and method for mining underground deposits
US2758826A (en) * 1951-03-30 1956-08-14 Win W Paget Drum type cutting head for continuous mining machine
US2768820A (en) * 1950-10-28 1956-10-30 Joy Mfg Co Dislodging and disintegrating mechanism for mining apparatus
US2777681A (en) * 1951-09-15 1957-01-15 Joy Mfg Co Mining and loading machine with upper and lower relatively movable disintegrating head portions
US2781187A (en) * 1950-08-29 1957-02-12 Joy Mfg Co Material disintegrating and removing apparatus
US2798711A (en) * 1948-02-27 1957-07-09 Joy Mfg Co Apparatus for mining coal or other minerals from the solid with deeply penetrating bits
US2808253A (en) * 1952-11-08 1957-10-01 Goodman Mfg Co Continuous miner of the rotating drum type
US2808920A (en) * 1948-02-27 1957-10-08 Joy Mfg Co Material loading apparatus
US3026098A (en) * 1957-05-06 1962-03-20 Wilcox Mfg Company Auger type mining machine
US3044753A (en) * 1960-10-13 1962-07-17 Wilcox Mfg Company Continuous mining machine
US3052455A (en) * 1959-01-08 1962-09-04 Saskatchewan Potash Ripper type mining machine
US3088718A (en) * 1960-06-29 1963-05-07 Edward C Lilly Continuous mining machine
US3128998A (en) * 1964-04-14 Scroll type full face continuous miner
US3896571A (en) * 1972-03-27 1975-07-29 Charles R Satterwhite Multi-wheeled excavator and conveying system
US4157164A (en) * 1978-01-27 1979-06-05 Helm Arnold E Forage handler
US4327508A (en) * 1980-12-08 1982-05-04 J. I. Case Company Trencher digging chain sprocket drive
US5228220A (en) * 1990-07-06 1993-07-20 Bryan Jr John F Bucket chain excavator
US6591971B1 (en) * 2000-10-23 2003-07-15 Donald T. Sheahan Silage mover

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3128998A (en) * 1964-04-14 Scroll type full face continuous miner
US2798711A (en) * 1948-02-27 1957-07-09 Joy Mfg Co Apparatus for mining coal or other minerals from the solid with deeply penetrating bits
US2808920A (en) * 1948-02-27 1957-10-08 Joy Mfg Co Material loading apparatus
US2630308A (en) * 1948-10-22 1953-03-03 Jeffrey Mfg Co Mining and loading machine
US2754101A (en) * 1949-01-21 1956-07-10 Saskatchewan Potash Machine and method for mining underground deposits
US2684234A (en) * 1949-06-29 1954-07-20 Safeway Mining Machine Company Mining machine undercutter
US2595398A (en) * 1949-07-22 1952-05-06 Jesse C Clendenin Coal cutting and loading machine
US2721067A (en) * 1949-12-05 1955-10-18 Joy Mfg Co Material conveyor, deflector and floor scraper arrangement on continuous miner for longwall operation
US2744607A (en) * 1950-01-28 1956-05-08 Joy Mfg Co Floor clean-up arrangement for continuous miner
US2781187A (en) * 1950-08-29 1957-02-12 Joy Mfg Co Material disintegrating and removing apparatus
US2768820A (en) * 1950-10-28 1956-10-30 Joy Mfg Co Dislodging and disintegrating mechanism for mining apparatus
US2758826A (en) * 1951-03-30 1956-08-14 Win W Paget Drum type cutting head for continuous mining machine
US2777681A (en) * 1951-09-15 1957-01-15 Joy Mfg Co Mining and loading machine with upper and lower relatively movable disintegrating head portions
US2808253A (en) * 1952-11-08 1957-10-01 Goodman Mfg Co Continuous miner of the rotating drum type
US2744741A (en) * 1954-01-05 1956-05-08 John C Spigarelli Rotary cutter mining machine with belt drive
US3026098A (en) * 1957-05-06 1962-03-20 Wilcox Mfg Company Auger type mining machine
US3052455A (en) * 1959-01-08 1962-09-04 Saskatchewan Potash Ripper type mining machine
US3088718A (en) * 1960-06-29 1963-05-07 Edward C Lilly Continuous mining machine
US3044753A (en) * 1960-10-13 1962-07-17 Wilcox Mfg Company Continuous mining machine
US3896571A (en) * 1972-03-27 1975-07-29 Charles R Satterwhite Multi-wheeled excavator and conveying system
US4157164A (en) * 1978-01-27 1979-06-05 Helm Arnold E Forage handler
US4327508A (en) * 1980-12-08 1982-05-04 J. I. Case Company Trencher digging chain sprocket drive
US5228220A (en) * 1990-07-06 1993-07-20 Bryan Jr John F Bucket chain excavator
US6591971B1 (en) * 2000-10-23 2003-07-15 Donald T. Sheahan Silage mover

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