US1118535A - Self-closing car-fender. - Google Patents

Self-closing car-fender. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1118535A
US1118535A US79527913A US1913795279A US1118535A US 1118535 A US1118535 A US 1118535A US 79527913 A US79527913 A US 79527913A US 1913795279 A US1913795279 A US 1913795279A US 1118535 A US1118535 A US 1118535A
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Prior art keywords
fender
guard
frame
web
secured
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US79527913A
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Hugh Davison
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R21/00Arrangements or fittings on vehicles for protecting or preventing injuries to occupants or pedestrians in case of accidents or other traffic risks
    • B60R21/34Protecting non-occupants of a vehicle, e.g. pedestrians

Definitions

  • This invention has for itsobject to provide a fender adapted for attachment to the ends of cable, steam or motor driven cars, which shall be so ⁇ constructed asito reduce ⁇ to the minimum the danger of injury to a per son ⁇ struck and which shall; be provided with a hinged guard projectinginfront of the frame of the fender which is released when a person falls upon the fender and swings upward, so that a person caught by the fender will be retained thereon 'and the dangerof being run over ⁇ will be greatly reduced.
  • Figure 1 is a plan view of my novel fender with Vthe guard lowered as in use;
  • Fig. 2 a side elevation'thereof,
  • Fig. 3 is a section on the line 33 in Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows, and
  • Figgfl is a front elevation of the apparatus.”
  • the frame 10 of my fender comprises a vertical portion 101anda horizontal portion 11a, theportion 11a extending under the car by any suitable means.
  • the numeral 11 designates the web of the fender, made of interwoven cords, the edges of the web being secured ⁇ to upstanding curved arms 12, which are secured to the upper portionof the Vertical frame portion 10?* and the forward portion of the horizontal frame portion 111.
  • the web 11 extends downwardly from the curved arms 12, and has its forward portion secured Ito a transverse bar 13, secured to the frame portion 11, as shown.
  • the web 11 extends upwardly, and has its outer portions secured to an upper horizontal bar 15, attached ⁇ to the vertical frame portion 10, while the inner portion of the web 11 is secured to a vertically movable bar 14, connected with the bar 15a by means of springs 15.
  • bar 192L has its reduced portions ⁇ 18d passing through apertures in ⁇ the horizontal ⁇ frame portion 11, as shown.
  • 'lllieforward end of the guard ⁇ is ⁇ preferably covered by a rope or cable 26, secured to thecrank 1S', as shown.
  • This rope isadapted to be engaged by pivotcd hooks25, secured to the arms 12, ⁇ and whichfserve to retain the guard in the upper positions :when moved. thereto.
  • the movement of' ⁇ the guard past the horizontal position is limited by stops 27, secured to the forward ends of the frame portion l1, as shown.
  • the guard 18 is moved upwardly by retractablecol springs 2li, attached to the crank 18 ⁇ at 2a, and to the vertical frame portion 10, asat 24". i 1
  • Means are provided to ⁇ normally lock the guard against upward movement, comprising a lever 21,:pivotednpon the bar 13', with its rear end having a. loose pivotal connection 'as at 22,*with1 the platform 16,"a ⁇ s y shown.
  • the forward end of the lever' 21 is provided with a depending hook 19, to enter a loop 23, carried a crank 25, to normally prevent the rear end of the crank 25'l from swinging downwardly.
  • the crank 25 is secured toa bar 18 and the bar 18, as shown at 17, the forward end of the crank being forked as shown.
  • a web-carrying frame In a fender, a web-carrying frame, a vertically swinging guard pivoted to the outer portion of the web-carrying frame, a spring to swing the guard upwardly when released, an element connected with the guard and movable therewith to control its upward movement, a movable member connected with the web-carrying frame and having detachable engagement with the element, a movable platform carried by the web-carrying frame, and means connecting the platform and the movable member.
  • a web-carrying frame an upwardly movable guard arranged near the outer end of the frame, automatic means to move the guard upwardly whenaeleased, means to normally lock the guard in the lower position, an element arranged above a portion of the web-carrying, ⁇ frame and adapted to be moved by an object caught by the frame and having operative connection with the lock means, a movable platform carried by the frame and connected with the locking means, and separate automatic means to positively hold the guardin the upper position wheny moved thereto.
  • a fender an approximately horizontal frame, a web connected therewith, a vertically swinging guard pivoted to the outer end of the frame, a spring to swing the guard upwardly, a crank secured to the guard toV move therewith and provided atprovided with a depending hook to enter the loop, a vertically movable platform arranged within the frame, springs interposed between the platform and frame to retain the former elevated, and means connecting the platform and lever.
  • a main frame In a fender of the character described, a main frame, a web attached thereto, a vertically swinging guard securedvto the forward end of the main frame, stops/secured to the main frame to limit the downward movement of the guard, springs to swing the guard upwardly, gravity operated latches to engage the guardvwhen swungto its upper position to lock the same therein, means to normally prevent the upward movement ofthe guard, and a vertically movable platform connected with the means to operate the 4 same.
  • a fender a main frame embodying horizontal and vertical portions, a vertically swinging guard secured to the horizontal portion of the frame, means to swing the guard upwardly, means to control the upward movement of the guard embodying a vertically movable member arranged upon the horizontal portion of the frame, a section of web arranged behind the platform, a bar to which the upper portion of the web is secured, and springs connecting the bar with the upper portion of the vertical por tion of the frame.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Body Structure For Vehicles (AREA)

Description

H. DAVISON.
SELF CLOSING CAR FENDER.
APPLIGATION FILED 00T.15,1913.
Patented Nov. 24, 1914.
Z SHEETS-S BET 1.
RNEV H. DAVISON.
SELF CLOSING GAE FENDER.
APPLICATION FILED 0GT.15, 1913.
Patented Nov. 24, 1914.
2 SHEETS-SHEET Z.
/C/FQ 4 0.0M. I0 a M151#l MM M .B1
L a. ..n
1,1 E. a 1% ni@ a@ Il/ com :D oO ai o ou UNXTEI HUGH DAVIsoN, or
sTaTEs PATENT orrron a Nnw LONDON, CONNECTICUT, Assienonon ONE-HALF To DAVID gif; MCKENNaoF New LoNnoN,coNNneT1oUT. y J l snm-CLOSING CAR-Famine s To all whom it may concern l Be 1t known `that I, HUGH DavrsoN, a
`citizen `of the United States, residing at New London, county of; New London, State of Connecticut, have invented an Improve-` ment in Self-ClosingCar-Fenders, of which the following isa specification.
This invention has for itsobject to provide a fender adapted for attachment to the ends of cable, steam or motor driven cars, which shall be so `constructed asito reduce `to the minimum the danger of injury to a per son `struck and which shall; be provided with a hinged guard projectinginfront of the frame of the fender which is released when a person falls upon the fender and swings upward, so that a person caught by the fender will be retained thereon 'and the dangerof being run over `will be greatly reduced.
rl/ith ltheseand other objects in View I have devised the novel self-closing fender whichl `will now.` describe `referring to the accompanying drawing forming a part of this specification and usingreference characters to indicate theseveral parts.
Figure 1 isa plan view of my novel fender with Vthe guard lowered as in use; Fig. 2 a side elevation'thereof, Fig. 3 is a section on the line 33 in Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows, andFiggfl is a front elevation of the apparatus."
The frame 10 of my fender, comprises a vertical portion 101anda horizontal portion 11a, theportion 11a extending under the car by any suitable means.
The numeral 11 designates the web of the fender, made of interwoven cords, the edges of the web being secured `to upstanding curved arms 12, which are secured to the upper portionof the Vertical frame portion 10?* and the forward portion of the horizontal frame portion 111.` The web 11 extends downwardly from the curved arms 12, and has its forward portion secured Ito a transverse bar 13, secured to the frame portion 11, as shown.` At the rear edge, the web 11 extends upwardly, and has its outer portions secured to an upper horizontal bar 15, attached `to the vertical frame portion 10, while the inner portion of the web 11 is secured to a vertically movable bar 14, connected with the bar 15a by means of springs 15.
` Specification of` Letters Patentfi `Patented N0V 24, 1911i Applieationled October 15, 1913. Serial No. 795,279. V
bar 192L has its reduced portions `18d passing through apertures in `the horizontal `frame portion 11, as shown. 'lllieforward end of the guard `is `preferably covered by a rope or cable 26, secured to thecrank 1S', as shown. This rope isadapted to be engaged by pivotcd hooks25, secured to the arms 12,` and whichfserve to retain the guard in the upper positions :when moved. thereto. The movement of' `the guard past the horizontal position is limited by stops 27, secured to the forward ends of the frame portion l1, as shown. The guard 18 is moved upwardly by retractablecol springs 2li, attached to the crank 18 `at 2a, and to the vertical frame portion 10, asat 24". i 1
Means are provided to `normally lock the guard against upward movement, comprising a lever 21,:pivotednpon the bar 13', with its rear end having a. loose pivotal connection 'as at 22,*with1 the platform 16,"a`s y shown. The forward end of the lever' 21 is provided with a depending hook 19, to enter a loop 23, carried a crank 25, to normally prevent the rear end of the crank 25'l from swinging downwardly.` The crank 25 is secured toa bar 18 and the bar 18, as shown at 17, the forward end of the crank being forked as shown.
The operation is as follows When the apparatus is ready for use, the guard 1S is set or moved to the horizontal, the cranks 18 engaging stops 27. The hook 19 passes within or engages the loop 23, to hold crank 25 against movement. The platform 16 is now raised. y
1When the fender strikes a person,he falls i upon the platform 16, forcing `the same downwardly. This movement of the platform swings the rear end of the lever 21` whereby the guard 18 is swung to the vertical position to prevent the person from rolling off on the fender in front of the car. It is obvious that the web ll is vso arranged that it will deflect the person upon the table 1G. The portion of the web 1l secured to the vertically movable bar lil, is capable of vielding, to prevent undue injury to the person being caught.I l v Having thus described my invention l claim y l. In a fender, a web-carrying frame, a vertically swinging guard pivoted to the outer portion of the web-carrying frame, a spring to swing the guard upwardly when released, an element connected with the guard and movable therewith to control its upward movement, a movable member connected with the web-carrying frame and having detachable engagement with the element, a movable platform carried by the web-carrying frame, and means connecting the platform and the movable member.
2. In a fender, a web-carrying frame, an upwardly movable guard arranged near the outer end of the frame, automatic means to move the guard upwardly whenaeleased, means to normally lock the guard in the lower position, an element arranged above a portion of the web-carrying, `frame and adapted to be moved by an object caught by the frame and having operative connection with the lock means, a movable platform carried by the frame and connected with the locking means, and separate automatic means to positively hold the guardin the upper position wheny moved thereto.
3. ln a fender, an approximately horizontal frame, a web connected therewith, a vertically swinging guard pivoted to the outer end of the frame, a spring to swing the guard upwardly, a crank secured to the guard toV move therewith and provided atprovided with a depending hook to enter the loop, a vertically movable platform arranged within the frame, springs interposed between the platform and frame to retain the former elevated, and means connecting the platform and lever. f
4. In a fender of the character described, a main frame, a web attached thereto, a vertically swinging guard securedvto the forward end of the main frame, stops/secured to the main frame to limit the downward movement of the guard, springs to swing the guard upwardly, gravity operated latches to engage the guardvwhen swungto its upper position to lock the same therein, means to normally prevent the upward movement ofthe guard, and a vertically movable platform connected with the means to operate the 4 same.
ln a fender, a main frame embodying horizontal and vertical portions, a vertically swinging guard secured to the horizontal portion of the frame, means to swing the guard upwardly, means to control the upward movement of the guard embodying a vertically movable member arranged upon the horizontal portion of the frame, a section of web arranged behind the platform, a bar to which the upper portion of the web is secured, and springs connecting the bar with the upper portion of the vertical por tion of the frame. i L
In testimony whereof laflix my signature in presence of two witnesse.
HUGH Davison- Witnesses WALLACE R. JOHNSON, MAUD J; MARTIN.
Copies of this patent maybe obtained for ive cents each, lby addressing the Commissioner of Patents.
Washington, D. C.
US79527913A 1913-10-15 1913-10-15 Self-closing car-fender. Expired - Lifetime US1118535A (en)

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