US1111722A - Water-motor. - Google Patents

Water-motor. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1111722A
US1111722A US1910592633A US1111722A US 1111722 A US1111722 A US 1111722A US 1910592633 A US1910592633 A US 1910592633A US 1111722 A US1111722 A US 1111722A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
water
shaft
receptacle
device
bucket
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
James H Sheahan
Original Assignee
James H Sheahan
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING WEIGHT AND MISCELLANEOUS MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER; OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B17/00Other machines or engines
    • F03B17/06Other machines or engines using liquid flow with predominantly kinetic energy conversion, e.g. of swinging-flap type, "run-of-river", "ultra-low head"
    • F03B17/061Other machines or engines using liquid flow with predominantly kinetic energy conversion, e.g. of swinging-flap type, "run-of-river", "ultra-low head" with rotation axis substantially in flow direction
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO MACHINES OR ENGINES OTHER THAN NON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, TO WIND MOTORS, TO NON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS, AND TO GENERATING COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OF HIGH PRESSURE OR HIGH VELOCITY
    • F05B2250/00Geometry
    • F05B2250/20Geometry three-dimensional
    • F05B2250/25Geometry three-dimensional helical
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • Y02E10/28Tidal stream or damless hydropower, e.g. sea flood and ebb, river, stream

Description

J. H. SHEAHAN.

WATER MOTOR.

APPLICATION 211.21) NOV.16, 1910.

1,1 1 1,722. Patented Sept. 22, 1914.

THE NORRIS PETERS 50.. PHOTO-LITHO I T a Application filed November 1 e,1e1o. serialivaseacss.

- Motors,

UNI E STATES PATENT orrron. if

' JAMES HLsHE AHAmjor rnnnronninnnvoxs Speciiication of Letters Patent.

' wnrnaivro'ron.

Patented Sept. 22, 1914..

To all whom/ct may concern: t Be it known that 1, JAMES H. sI-IEAHAN,

" a citizen of the United States, residing at Freeport, in the county of Stephenson and State of Illinois, have invented a certain" new and useful Improvement in Waterof which the following is a spec1fii cation. 1

1 improved device of this dBSQIlP'blOIL' This inventionrelates to water motors, and'has for its object to provide a new The invention is illustrated in theaccom:

panying' drawings, wherein Figure 1 1s a sectionalvlew showing the parts in positlon; Fig. 2 1s'an: enlarged sectional 'view through the lower end of the chamber into which the shaft of thew'ater "motor projects; Fig.3 is a;vie w of the propeller blades and'associated p'artsyFig. l is an end view of a modified construction.

\ 1 Like numerals refer to like parts through Rout the several figures. i i

In the present case there is shown a water 1, motor adapted to be used at all times ofthe year, and arranged so that theforming of ice on the water does not in any manner interfere with its operation; u

Referring now to the drawingspI have.

shown a propelling device provided with propeller blades 1 and 2. -These propeller blades are connected to a shaft 3, rotatably mounted in aframet having side pieces \l' Extending around the shaft 3 and the pro peller blades 1 and 2 is a concentrating d evice adapted to concentrate the waterlupon the propeller blades As herein shown thisconcentrating device consists of a strip of material 6 formed into aspiral shape, havone edge nearer the, shaft than the other edge" This concentrating device may be. termed an inclined spiral, as it is a spiral with .thefconvolutions inclined. This in-l clinedspiral is formed by cutting out a strip of material with one edge shorter than the other so that when it-is formed in the spiral one edge will be nearer the shaft thanthe I other, as illustrated. This concentrating device is fixed with relation to the propeller blades, that is to say, it is held in position so that it does not rotate. This maybe accomplished in any desired manner, as by fastening the edges to the side pieces 5,.as shown in Fig. 3, by means of the bolts-or screws 7. 5 p

In the operation of the device the water. is flowing in the direction of the arrow in free from water atall times.

preferably-extends through asuitable stufi'- Fig; 1, and it will therefore be seen that the various convolutions ofthe inclined spiral direct or concentrate this water upon the propeller blades; The side pieces 5 may be of buoyant material if desired. In cases where the device is to rest upon the bottom of the stream I may provide the shaft and -propeller blades with the frame shownv in Fig. 4. This permits the propeller blades to [be held free from the bottom regardless of the position of the device. The shaft3 is connected with-a shaft 8 which extends into a receptacle 9. Thisconnection may be made in any desired manner, but is preferably anniversal joint connection, made by an intermediate shaft .se'etion 10 and the universal jointsll, 12. The receptacle 9 may a be made in any 'desired manner, and is preferably watertight, and extends above the surface of thewater so that it can be kept The shaft 8 ingebox 13; An operative drivingconnection is provided between the shaft 8 and the driven device which may be located upon the shore'or atany other-desired point. As herein shown the shaftf8is connected by'suitable beveled gears to the shaft 14:, which is con-' 'nect'ed by suitable beveled gears to the shaft 515,1 extending tothe driven device on the "shore. -11: order to insure the receptacle 9 being kept. free from water, I prefer to provide a suitable pump, arranged so that it will pump water out of the receptacle I also prefer to make this device automatic, so that when l the wateri reaches a predetermined height the motor will be connected with the pump so; as to pump the-water out of the receptacle 9. As herein shown, I provide at the bottom of the receptacle a sump 16, in which the water collects. Located in this sump is a bucket 17 suspended from a pivoted support 18. As herein shown this pivoted support is pivoted to the bracket 18 carrying the bearing for the shaft 1 1. At the other end of the vpivoted support is a balancing,

weight 19. p

Carried by the support 18 is a wheel 20, adapted to be brought into contact with the wheels 21 and 22. The wheel 21 is on the driving shaft 8, and when wheel 20 is in contact with wheels 21 and 22 it will be noted that the wheel 22 will be driven. The wheel 22 when it rotates operates a pump 23 which pumps water out of the bucket 17. This a be supported by a bracket 24. The pump is and will'gbe lifted so as to disengage the 1 heel from the-Wheels 21 and 22.. After a certain amount 0-1: Nvater accumulates the as thewiater in the sump it will reach U th i nel etg th .l ueket will sink and wi isba'ft, propeller blades (thereon adapted to be b around said propeller blades. v 2. A Water power devlcevcompllsmg a resupport 18 so that the eight 19 rests upon Ga predetermined heightin the sump.

pump 23 is preferably stationary, and may preferably provided with a flexible suction pipe 25 and with a discharge pipe 26 which extends through the Wall ot the receptacle 9. This discharge pipe may be arrangedin any other desired manner.

In the operation of the device the Water first collects in the sump. As the bucket is 1 empty, the bucket ill float on this ater,

sump the liitiilg of the bucket will move the the bottom of the receptacle. The upward v me t of t u ket is new sto pe a d the top of the bucket and flew into the" bu ket-l Whe amn determi ed am unt i b ing h l 20 into cont tiwith Wheels 21 and This start he pump 25:, hic then pumps ater out at the bucket. After "the Water in he. sump ;is lowe ed to the top o f; the 'buc-ketrt e' further. pumping lowers the Water in the bucket, and when-the height of the water in the bucket reaches a predethe suppert 18 so ,asto disconnect the Wheel 20 from Wheels 21 and '22 and stop the pump.

ilhe opemtien above d. =:sjcribe il will be re .peated automatically when :the alter reaches clailh: 1

1. A Water power apparatus comprising a rotate said shaft, and an inclined spiral dis conneeted from said Sh ft and extending v.si necl a 'C asQ Y Witnesses:

ep-taele x ending above the surface .of the wa er and in pos ion, a shaft therein 1 Copies this petentmey be obtained 10';

extending through the \vall'of.the receptacle, a rotating deviceactuated by the current,

,todrive the same, a Water-removing device means in said receptacle for automatically connecting it with said shaftlwhen the Water i-"reaches a predetermined height in the receptacle. i

3. A Water power .devicegcomprismg a rotatably mounted shatt, propeller blades con nected therewith, pan inclined spiral surrounding said shaft andpropeller blades and fixed in position with relation to said shaft. A Wa er power device comprising a 170? tatably mounted shaft, propeller bladesflconrnecteclthere ith, an open spiral surrounding said sha-it propeller blades, and an outer frame to which said spiral isieenneeted so as to beheld against rotation.

5. A Water power device comprising a ne- ,ceptacle extending above :thesuriace ot the water and fixed in position, a: haft there :extendnn-g through "t-he wall of the receptacle, a current actuated rotating, .deviee outside of the receptacle and eperatively; connected Wlflil saidsbatt, 5S0 as-to drive the s.ame,, a pumpkin said receptacle, a pivoted lever in said receptacle, a Weight at one end of said lever, a bucket at the other end of said leuer, a. suetien. pipe tor said pump in, .said bucket, and means tor automatically .conneetingwthe plump with said current lactuated device when the Water reaches a predetermined height,v I .45. A .tvaiterpoyver device comprising a operative-1y connected Withsaid shaft, so as r e 7 propelilser adaptedto be rotated by the cur-- V 1 rent of Water" and an open. spiral surroundacted upon by the current of Water, so as to. Y

- EDNA K. REYNO DS; LIL IAN E. Nansen.

'fiy e cents each, addressing the-I" Gomnrissiioner-fl Petents; wash,ins;on,n-.-c.- 1 v smear da ls'r ocw-

US1111722A 1910-11-16 1910-11-16 Water-motor. Expired - Lifetime US1111722A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5040944A (en) * 1989-09-11 1991-08-20 Cook Einar P Pump having impeller rotational about convoluted stationary member

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5040944A (en) * 1989-09-11 1991-08-20 Cook Einar P Pump having impeller rotational about convoluted stationary member

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