US1081810A - Hydraulic pump, motor, and like apparatus. - Google Patents

Hydraulic pump, motor, and like apparatus. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1081810A
US1081810A US67492812A US1912674928A US1081810A US 1081810 A US1081810 A US 1081810A US 67492812 A US67492812 A US 67492812A US 1912674928 A US1912674928 A US 1912674928A US 1081810 A US1081810 A US 1081810A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
valve
pressure
port
cylinder
pistons
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US67492812A
Inventor
Robert Falkland Carey
Original Assignee
Robert Falkland Carey
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Robert Falkland Carey filed Critical Robert Falkland Carey
Priority to US67492812A priority Critical patent/US1081810A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1081810A publication Critical patent/US1081810A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01BMACHINES OR ENGINES, IN GENERAL OR OF POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT TYPE, e.g. STEAM ENGINES
    • F01B3/00Reciprocating-piston machines or engines with cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis
    • F01B3/10Control of working-fluid admission or discharge peculiar thereto
    • F01B3/103Control of working-fluid admission or discharge peculiar thereto for machines with rotary cylinder block
    • F01B3/104Control of working-fluid admission or discharge peculiar thereto for machines with rotary cylinder block by turning the valve plate

Description

APPLICATION FILED FEB. 2, 1912.

Patented Dec. 16, 1913.

4 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

Patented Dec. 16, 1913.

4 BBTa-BHBET 2.

R. P. CAREY.

HYDRAULIC PUMP, MOTOR, AND LIKE APPARATUS.

APPLICATION FILED FEB. 2, 1912. 1,081,810.

R. F. CAREY. HYDRAULIC PUMP, MOTOR, AND LIKE APPARATUS.

APPLICATION FILED PBB.2,1912.

1,081,8 1 O, Patented Dec. 16, 1913.

4 SHEETS-SHEET 3.

R. F. CAREY.

HYDRAULIC PUMP, MOTOR, AND LIKE APPARATUS.

Patented D60. 16, 1913.

4 SHEETS-SHEET 4.

APPLIUATIUN PILBD PEB. 2, 1912.

MMP

f LA

'UNITED srnfrns PATENT orales.

ROBERT' FALKLALN'D CAREY, UF LUNID'O'N, ENG'LAND'.

HYBMULIC WMP, MWPUR, A1510 LIKE APPARATUS.

Speeiitzation' of Letters ratent.

Patentedec. 16', 1913.

To all' whom t may concern Be it known that I, Ronnn'r FALKLAND' CAREr, a subject of the King of Great Britain, residing at London', England, have 1nvented certain new and useful Improvements in or Connected With Hydraulic Pumps, Motors, and like Apparatus, of which the following is a specification.

rIhis invention relates to that class of hydraulic pumps, motors and` llike apparatus having a plurality of cylinders: and pistons and in which the pressure or quantity of fluid is varied or reversed without varying the stroke of the pistons or plungers or their equivalents by altering the p0- sition of a valve or plurality of valves, (termed, hereinafter, for brevity, the valve-means relative to the position of the pistons. The said valve-means governs the opening and closing of the cylindersv tothe inlet and outlet orts in such a manner that when the position of the valve-means is such that each cylinder delivers `throughout its entire incoming stroke into one port and takes fiuid through its entire outgoing stroke from the other port maximum ca'- pacity is obtained, but when the valvemeans is so positioned that each cylinder delivers and takes ani equal quantity of fluid to and from each port, the no-work or zero position is obtained. In any mid-position of the valve-means between the no- Work or zero and maximum capacity positions, any desired capacity can be obtained by positioning the valve-means so that each cylinder delivers and takes-unequal amounts from the same port, the difference between the quantity delivered and the quantity taken being the capacity, while reverse is obtained by positioning the valve-means so that one of the portsis connected to the' cylinders of the incoming pistons for the -greater period of their stroke,` the' port thus connected being the delivery port, and the other port being connected to the cylinders of the outgoing pistons for the greater period of their stroke and constituting the intake port. I'n this class of hydraulic pumps or motors great difficulties have been experienced, (especially when, running at high speeds), in the working of the pumps or running of the motor due to the variations of pressure of theliquid or to the fact that there is no give at the points where the port-s are shut off ns the cylinders change from one port to the other, whereby vibra tion is set upA and undue noise caused in the apparatus and its efliciency materially affected.

The object of my invention, therefore, is to provideor combine with these hydraulic pumps or motors means whereby any excess of pressure due to variation in the pressure in the cylinders, valves or pipes may be relievedandi so insure' the proper working of the pump or motor.

invention will be clearly understood from the following description aidedl by the annexed drawings in which:-

Figure 1 is a section of a hydraulic rotary pump, motor or the like with a rotary valve of one construction, showing means for relieving a cylinder of extreme pressureA and passing such released pressure to the valve; Fig. 2 is a section on= the line a a of Fig. 1 Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section of a rot-ary hydraulic pump, motor or the like, showing a different construction of the valve arrangements and of the inlet andi outlet ports, also a different construction of relief valve; Fig. 4 shows on the left handhalf, a section on the line d Z of Fig. 3, and ont the right hand half, al section on the line e e of Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a section` of ay rotary valve, showing a means of relieving the pressure in a cylinder. on either side of the valve. Y

In Figs. I and 2 of the drawings, the apparatus is constructed with multiple pistons andy cylinders, the cylinders being formed and revolving with the driving shaft asapump, or driven shaft as a motor, while the pistonswhich travel with the cylinders are reciprocated' by their carrier being rotated eccentrically to that of the cylinders.

l is the frame of the apparat-us and inl which the pistons, cylinders andY tracks aref situated. The frame 1 hasy a bearing 2 wherein is journaledthe shaft 3, which# shaft carries a'- holflow ring. 4 provided: on' the outside thereof with a number of cylinders- 6 having openings 7 leadingy into theinterior of the ring 4. -The frame 1 also carries tracks 8, arranged eccentric to the axial line of the' shaft 3, and outside these tracksS and runningr on the balls 9 thereon,I is a ring 10, to the side walls of which are pivotally connected the links 111 having the pistons 12 attached' thereto, with such pistons positioned in their respective cylinders G. Frame 1v is still further provided with a bearing or bearings 13, having a water in- 'derstood that the shown). ln said bearingor bearings 13,l

as also in the center of the ring 4, l position the. valve 16 which, Cin the form of the invention shown in Fig. 1, is of tubular construction-and has a mid-ribcl'i extending practically the whole length of the valve so as to form parallel chambers within the valve. ln the form represented in Fig. 3, the rib 17a extends only a short length of the valve, and is, disposed angularly of the valve, to divide the latter into two chambers arranged end on. ln each form, how'- ever, the valve has openings 18 and 19 on one side of the rib 17 or 17a leading by the passage 20 from the supply opening 14 to the cylinder openings 7, and also openings 21 and 22, on the other side of said rib lead'- ing by the passage 23 from the cylinder openings 7 to the outlet 15. The valve is provided with a hand wheel 24 or other device by which it can be operated.

Now in referringrto Fig-2, it will be uname 1 and the valve 16 have a ixedrelationto each other after the positioning of the valve. linv this ligure, the valve 16 is shown with'the mid-rib 17 v vertical, in which positionthe pistons on the left-hand side of the rib are on their suction stroke, drawing the liquid through the passage 200i the valve, while the pistons on the right hand side of the rib are expelling the liquid previously drawn into their cylinders, through the passage 23. Thus, .the pump is deliverin its maximum quantity of Huid and the pistons are in such position that thetop p' ton which is cut od by the mid-rib 17 is a the end of its stroke with its crank just positioned ready for a reverse movement of the piston due to the eccentric. the horizontal position, the point where the valve cuts od the openings 7 instead of coinciding withthe ends oit the stroke of the pistons will be approximately at the middle of the stroke 'of the pistons, andthe pistons above and below the mid-rib will be a combination of suction ,and expulsion, byreason of their movements, and will act in both capacities, so that no pumping is performed. lt will be seen that when the valve is in this position, each cylinderis sucking in fluid for part of the time it is connected to either port and is also delivering back into the same port an exactly similar amount of fluid, thus at the end of a revolution no ei"-` fective work has been done.

As the cylinders are revolved, the midrib cuts 0H' each cylinder in succession. Now, if the valve 16 is moved into any position for the mid-rib to be between the horizontal and the vertical position on one side Now, if the valve 16 is moved to mena-io or the other, there will be a long period i during which the incoming pistons are delivering into one portand a short period duringwhich the pistons are moving outward and sucking duid from the same port, the diderence between the two giving the effective amount pumped. The opposite port will be connected to the out-going pistons sucking fluid for the long period and to the pistons when incomino and delivering for a short period only. This port, therefore, becomes the suction port. The nearer the position of the mid-rib of valve 16 is to the vertical, the greater is the amount oi the fluid delivered by the pump, the speed of the engine remaining constant. I

Either port maybe made the pressure port or suction port by simply moving the valve one way or the other., without altering the direction of rotation of the cylinders and pistons. rlhe port that is for the time connected for the longer portion of the stroke of the incoming or delivering pistons' becomes the pressure port andthe port that is connected for the longer period of the `stroke ot the outgoing pistons becomes the suction port. This capability of varying the quantity pumped and reversing the direction of the dow of liquid through the `pump at will,4 by 'simply positioning the valve 16, enables the pump to be usedin conjunction with a duid pressure motor of any known type to form a hydraulic transmission ordriving gear which will give a mid or stop position with all-speeds from zero to a maximumboth forward or reverse. A gear such as this is applicable to motor vehicles, or for any other purposes.

lln'the above described and similar constructions of apparatus, one cylinder only actingwould cause a fluctuating movement of the liquid, but as there are a number of cylinders connected to each port, some may be 'taking induid, and others expelling uid at the same time, with the result 'that an exchange of luid takes placevfrom the expelling to the intaking cylinders and these are very nearly balanced.

To compensate for extra pressure in the cylinders, il may, as depicted in Fig. 5, form a hole 39 in the mid-rib 17 and provide such mid-rib with a double-actingl valve 37 held in place by two cup leathers 38, so that any extra pressure in the cylinder will be relieved in passing the mid-rib 17 by such pressure passing down the hole 39 and away by the cup leather on both sides of the valve or on the open side of the valve. Instead ofem; ploying a lrelief valve in the 'mid-rib l?, ay position one for each cylinder inthe 'ey n'- der ring, as in Fig. 1, or two for each cylinf der, as in Figs. 3 and 4, either being suitable for high-speed pumps or motors.

lin the construction slipwn in Fig. L l

form a hole l0 at right angles to each pasf les* Y sage 7, and connect such hole by passages 41 and 42 and grooves 43 and 44 arranged around the cylinder ring to both spaces 20, '23, in the valve `16, and inside the hole or smaller cylinderv 40, I position two pistons or valves 45 and 46, the valve 45 havingl a seating against the entrance from the passage 7 and being provided with a stem which abuts aga1nst the other valve 46, which latter is controlled' by a spring 47 to normally keep the two valves in contact and the valve 45 on its seating'. The hole 42 is posit-ioned between the valves 45 and 46 and leads to passage 23 in the valve 16, while the other hole 41 is between the spring-controlled piston or valve and-the end of the hole 40 and leads to passage 20 of the valve 16.

Any excess of pressure in any cylinder will operate a piston or'valve45, forcing it slightly back in the hole 40. This valve simply acts as a weighted plunger to give temporary relief while the mid-rib 17 of valve 16 is passing openin 7 and locking the fluid. The valve 45 1s automatically weighted to the pressure the pump is working' against, and at the time at whichever port happens to be the pressure port, the pressure is at the back of the valve 45 through eitherhole 41 or 42. Valve 46 really only forms a dividing piston to transfer the pressure from hole 41 to the back of the valve 45 and to prevent the pressure passing' from one port 15 to the other. The

spring 1s only quite light to keep the valve' up to its Work.

According to the construction shown in Fig. 3, I form two holes 40 opposite to each other from the assage 7 and l position in each hole 40 a piston or valve 45, these having stems 45 projecting into 'the passage 7 and abutting against each other, being nor mally kept 1n this position by the springs 47. Each hole 40 communicates with the grooves 43, 44, one opening into the valve at one side of the mid-rib and the other at the other side, and in this case when there is pressure in either port, the valves 45 are definitely driven over by the pressure .and the action of one of the springs, to the eX- haust side of the apparatus, until the valve nearest the exhaust side comes against the end of the hole and can move no farther. The valves 45 remain in this position so long as the pressure in the cylinder is equal to, or below the pressure in the pressure ort, but should any increase of pressure ta e lace in the cylinder, say when the mid-mb is passing the port opening into the cylinder the pressure will act upon the valve next the pressure side of the mid-rib and move it against the pressure in the pressure port and thus give relief in the cyllnder against approximately the same pressure that the machine is working at at the time.

When the apparatus is set in the no-work position, the` valves 45 are returned to the mid position, as shown in Fig. 3, by the two springs and any slight fluctuations which occur in the flow of liquid in the two ports are taken up by a slight vibratory motion of the two valves 45 acting together.

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. A multi-cylinder hydraulic pump, motor or like apparatus of the rotary, radial cylinder type, having an adjustable mainvalve, and means for giving temporary relief in each cylinder to revent undue rise of pressure in each cylinder at the point where it changes from one port to another.

2. A multi-cylinder hydraulic pump, motor or like apparatus of the rotary, radial cylinder type, having an adjustable main valve, and a relief device associated with each cylinder and automatically loaded by the workin pressure of the liquid in the apparatus or the time being.

3. A multi-cylinder hydraulicfpump, motor or like apparatus of the rotary, radial cylinder type, having an adjustable main valve and having each cylinder provided with means for giving .temporary relief to prevent an undue rise of pressure therein at the point where it changes from one port to the other, such means consisting of an auxiliary piston valve workin in a cylinder, one end or part of said auxiliary cylinder being connected to the Working cylinder and the other end or part to the pressure port in the main valve, thus forming a by-pass containing an auxiliary piston valve automatically loaded by the pressure in the pressure port to the pressure which the machine is working against for the time being, and being capable of a movement or give should the pressure in the cylinder rise above the pressure in the pressure port, and means for returnin said auxiliary iston valve to its norma position when t 1e pressure in the c linder falls -to or below the pressure in t e pressure port.

4. A multi-cylinder hydraulic pump, motor or like apparatus of the rotary, radial cylinder type, having anv adjustable valve provided with means for, releasing any excess of pressure in each cylinder at the point where it changes from one port to another, substantially 4as described.

In testimony whereof I`have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing witnesses. ROBERT FALKLAND CAREY. .Witnesses:

P. E. MA'r'rocKs, WM. O. BROWN.

US67492812A 1912-02-02 1912-02-02 Hydraulic pump, motor, and like apparatus. Expired - Lifetime US1081810A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US67492812A US1081810A (en) 1912-02-02 1912-02-02 Hydraulic pump, motor, and like apparatus.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US67492812A US1081810A (en) 1912-02-02 1912-02-02 Hydraulic pump, motor, and like apparatus.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1081810A true US1081810A (en) 1913-12-16

Family

ID=3150043

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US67492812A Expired - Lifetime US1081810A (en) 1912-02-02 1912-02-02 Hydraulic pump, motor, and like apparatus.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1081810A (en)

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2529309A (en) * 1946-03-11 1950-11-07 Hpm Dev Corp Fluid operable apparatus
US2546583A (en) * 1945-02-10 1951-03-27 Denison Eng Co Hydraulic apparatus
US2553655A (en) * 1946-03-14 1951-05-22 Vickers Inc Pump
US2619041A (en) * 1946-09-14 1952-11-25 Denison Eng Co Hydraulic apparatus
DE870200C (en) * 1945-01-15 1953-03-12 Scintilla Ag Hydraulic, continuously variable transmission
US2633104A (en) * 1949-07-15 1953-03-31 Borg Warner Motor port construction
US2642809A (en) * 1946-02-15 1953-06-23 Denison Eng Co Hydraulic apparatus
US2661699A (en) * 1949-06-10 1953-12-08 William W Smith Engine
US2679211A (en) * 1948-11-24 1954-05-25 Hjordis Naess Variable output pump
US2714346A (en) * 1951-05-04 1955-08-02 Maurice E Valin Hydraulically controlled farming implement
US2728302A (en) * 1951-04-05 1955-12-27 Oilgear Co Reduction of shocks and noise in power pumps
US2737122A (en) * 1952-01-29 1956-03-06 Tacconi Guido Radial cylinder rotary compressor or motor
US2738849A (en) * 1950-10-24 1956-03-20 Theodor Klatte Fa Hydraulic drive for vehicle
US2882831A (en) * 1954-06-17 1959-04-21 Gen Electric Constant flow positive displacement mechanical hydraulic unit
US2929334A (en) * 1956-06-11 1960-03-22 Panhard & Levassor Ets Variable-output hydraulic generator
US3036528A (en) * 1955-03-29 1962-05-29 Klopp Friedrich Hydrostatic driving mechanisms
US3082696A (en) * 1959-09-30 1963-03-26 North American Aviation Inc Hydraulic pump or motor

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE870200C (en) * 1945-01-15 1953-03-12 Scintilla Ag Hydraulic, continuously variable transmission
US2546583A (en) * 1945-02-10 1951-03-27 Denison Eng Co Hydraulic apparatus
US2642809A (en) * 1946-02-15 1953-06-23 Denison Eng Co Hydraulic apparatus
US2529309A (en) * 1946-03-11 1950-11-07 Hpm Dev Corp Fluid operable apparatus
US2553655A (en) * 1946-03-14 1951-05-22 Vickers Inc Pump
US2619041A (en) * 1946-09-14 1952-11-25 Denison Eng Co Hydraulic apparatus
US2679211A (en) * 1948-11-24 1954-05-25 Hjordis Naess Variable output pump
US2661699A (en) * 1949-06-10 1953-12-08 William W Smith Engine
US2633104A (en) * 1949-07-15 1953-03-31 Borg Warner Motor port construction
US2738849A (en) * 1950-10-24 1956-03-20 Theodor Klatte Fa Hydraulic drive for vehicle
US2728302A (en) * 1951-04-05 1955-12-27 Oilgear Co Reduction of shocks and noise in power pumps
US2714346A (en) * 1951-05-04 1955-08-02 Maurice E Valin Hydraulically controlled farming implement
US2737122A (en) * 1952-01-29 1956-03-06 Tacconi Guido Radial cylinder rotary compressor or motor
US2882831A (en) * 1954-06-17 1959-04-21 Gen Electric Constant flow positive displacement mechanical hydraulic unit
US3036528A (en) * 1955-03-29 1962-05-29 Klopp Friedrich Hydrostatic driving mechanisms
US2929334A (en) * 1956-06-11 1960-03-22 Panhard & Levassor Ets Variable-output hydraulic generator
US3082696A (en) * 1959-09-30 1963-03-26 North American Aviation Inc Hydraulic pump or motor

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2769393A (en) Hydraulic pump and control
US4016719A (en) Hydrostatic transmission system
US2991723A (en) Wobble plate diaphragm pump
US2832199A (en) Vane pump
US3199461A (en) Hydraulic pump or motor
US5722815A (en) Three stage self regulating gerotor pump
US2406138A (en) Hydrodynamic machine
US2255785A (en) Fluid pressure device
US2518578A (en) Hydraulic pump and motor transmission with motor displacement responsive to motor speed and fluid pressure
US2288768A (en) Power transmission
US1367914A (en) Machine, applicable as pump, compressor, or motor
US1274391A (en) Hydraulic transmission mechanism.
US2619041A (en) Hydraulic apparatus
US3778198A (en) Meshing rotary piston machine with an internal shaft
US2016315A (en) Revolving piston machine
USRE32446E (en) Pressurized fluid engine equipped with means for selecting its speed of rotation
US1749121A (en) Rotary pump
GB1228181A (en)
US2737895A (en) Axial type pump
US3633467A (en) Hydraulic pump or motor device plungers
DK161986B (en) Hydraulic two speed rotation machine
JP2007535633A (en) Long piston hydraulic machine
US2642802A (en) Dual rotary pump for power transmissions
US3332323A (en) Rotary actuator
US3175510A (en) Variable displacement pump