US1077449A - Gate. - Google Patents

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US1077449A
US1077449A US71268012A US1912712680A US1077449A US 1077449 A US1077449 A US 1077449A US 71268012 A US71268012 A US 71268012A US 1912712680 A US1912712680 A US 1912712680A US 1077449 A US1077449 A US 1077449A
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gate
post
catch
members
arm
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US71268012A
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Charles E Anderson
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F13/00Mechanisms operated by the movement or weight of a person or vehicle
    • E05F13/02Mechanisms operated by the movement or weight of a person or vehicle by devices, e.g. lever arms, affected by the movement of the user
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B2009/2482Special shape
    • E06B2009/2488Curved perimeter

Definitions

  • This invention relates to improvements in gates and particularly to gates formed in pivotally connected sections, and known as scissor gates.
  • One object of the invention is to provide a gate of this character having an improved arrangement and construction of operating mechanism, whereby the gate may be readily raised to an open position and whereby the same will close by gravity.
  • Another object is to provide an upwardly opening gate of the character described which will be simple, strong, durable and inexpensive in construction, efficient and reliable in operation and which may be opened and closed by any one approaching in a vehicle without alighting therefrom.
  • Figure 1 is a side view of my improved gate, showing the same in closed position;
  • Fig. 2 is a similar view of the gate, showing the same one-half way open and illustrating the opening movement thereof;
  • Fig. 3 is a similar view, showing the gate all the way open;
  • Fig. d is a vertical cross sectional view, taken on the line H of Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 5 is an enlarged side view of the gate supporting post and the catch for holding the gate in open position, the upper portion of the post being in section and illustrating the position of the parts when supporting the gate;
  • Fig. 6 is a similar view, showing the manner in which the gate is disengaged from the catch.
  • My improved gate comprises an upper member or section 1 and a lower member or section 2 of a suitable width and of a length corresponding to the width of the road or opening which the gate is intended to close.
  • the sections 1 and 2 of the gate may be of post 5 near any suitable construction and are here shown as being in the form of rectangular metal frames, in which are arranged wire-rods or other filling.
  • the sections 1 and 2 have on their inner or adjacent cross bars, apertured pivot-lugs 3 adapted to receive a pivot bolt, whereby the sections are pivotally connected together midway between their ends, as shown.
  • a downwardly curved arm 1 On the inner or hinged end of the upper section 1 is formed a downwardly curved arm 1, the end of which is pivotally secured at 4 to the gate supporting post 5 near the lower end thereof.
  • the lower member or section 2 of the gate has on its inner end an upwardly curved loop-shaped operating arm or extension 6.
  • the cables 8 extend upwardly eye 9 on-the upper end of the gate supporting post 5, and from thence the cables extend in opposite directions to cable supporting posts 10 arranged alongside the road at suitable distances beyond the opposite sides of the gate.
  • the cables 8 pass through guide pulleys 11 on the upper ends of the posts 10 and extend downwardly to Within convenient reach, as shown, and have secured thereto counterbalancing weights 12 which also form handles, whereby the cables are operated to open the gate in a manner hereir-' after described.
  • a spring gate supporting catch 13 Secured to one side of the gate supporting the upper end thereof is a spring gate supporting catch 13, which projects outwardly at a suitable angle from the post and in the path of upward-movement of the inner end of the extension 6 of the lower member of the gate.
  • a cast-0E chain or other flexible connection 14 Connected to the upper end of the catch 13 is a cast-0E chain or other flexible connection 14:, which passes through a guide aperture 15 in the upper end of the post 5, said aperture being formed at an angle with its lower end opening through the side of the post adjacent to the spring and at a point some distance above the upper end of the latter, whereby when the chain is drawn tight, the same will project at an'angle or inclination between the upper end of the catch 13 and the post.
  • To the ring 16 are connected the upper ends of the gate releasing cables 17, which extend in opposite directions toward the cable supporting post 10 and are engaged with guide pulleys 18 on said posts. The ends of the cables 17 extend downwardly and have secured thereto rings 19, whereby the cables may be pulled for unlatching the gate in a manner hereinafter described.
  • the arms or extensions on the inner ends of said members will be disposed between the short guide posts 20 arranged adjacent to or at a short distance from the supporting post 5.
  • the opposite ends of the sections or members 1 and 2 of the gate when closed are disposed between guiding and retaining plates 21 arranged on the latch post 22 of the gate.
  • a stop bolt 23 Arranged transversely through the plates-21 at a point above the ground corresponding to the width of the lower member of the gate is a stop bolt 23, beneath which the end of the lower gate member slides and with which member is engaged when the members are brought to a closed position, said bolt thus preventing the lower member of the gate prising upper and lower plvotally connected from being raised by stock or other animals.
  • the gate supporting post 5 and the cable supporting post 10 may be of any suitable construction but are preferably formed of metal and have on their lower ends augerpoints 24, whereby the posts may be screwed into the ground, thus obviating the necessity of digging post holes for planting or setting the posts.
  • a gate of the character described commembers adapted to swing together one above the other to close the gate, a gate supporting post, an arm on the inner end of the upper member pivotally connected to said post, gate lifting cables connected with the inner end of the lower member and leading upwardly alongside the gate post and to remote handles, a catch to e11- gage and hold said gate members in an open position, and means whereby said members are disengaged from the catch.
  • a gate of the character described comprising upper and lower pivotally connected members adapted to swing together one above the other to close the gate, a gate supporting post, an arm on the inner end of said upper gate member and pivotally connected to said post, gate lifting cables connected with the adjacent end of the lower gate member whereby said members may be drawn upwardly toopen positions alongside the gate post to open the gate, means to support said cables in operative position, counterbalancing weights on said cables, a catch to engage and hold said gate members in an open position, and means whereby said members are disengaged from the catch and permitted to close by gravity.
  • a gate of the character described comprising upper and lower pivotally-connected members adapted to swing together one above the other to close the gate, a gate supporting ost, an arm on the inner end of said upper gate member and pivotallyconnected to said posts, gate lifting cables connected with the adjacent end of the lower gate member whereby said members may be drawn upwardly to open positions alongside the gate post to open the gate, means to support said cables in operative position, counterbalancing weights on said cables, a spring catch to receive the lower member of the gate when swung to an open position, a flexible gate releasing element connected with said spring catch to receive the portion of the gate member engaged thereby and to disengage said gate member from the catch, whereby the gate is permitted to close by gravity under the retarding action of said counterbalancing weights, and gate releasing cables connected with said flexible releasing element whereby the latter is actuated to disengage said lower gate member from the catch.
  • a gate of the character described comprising upper and lower pivotally-connected members adapted to swing together one above the other when closed, a gate supporting post, an arm on said upper gate member and pivotally connected to said post, a loop-shaped gate-operating arm on the inner end of said lower gate member, gate lifting and opening cables connected to said operating arm, cable supporting posts to hold said cables in operative position, a spring catch to receive the loopshaped arm of said lower gate member when said members are raised to open the gate, means to disengage said arm from said catch to permit the gate members to close, guide posts to receive and hold the inner ends of the gate members when closed, guiding and retaining plates to receive the outer ends of the gate members when closed, and a stop bolt to prevent the raising of the lower gate member when in closed position.
  • a gate of the character described comprising upper and lower pivotally-connected members adapted to swing together one above the other to close the gate, a post, a downwardly curved arm at the inner end of the upper member pivoted to said post, an upwardly curved arm at the inner end of the lower member having an eye, a cable leading through a guide near the top of said post and connected with said eye, a catch on the post with which said upwardly curved arm engages as the folded members approach a position directly over the lower pivot, and means for disengaging this arm from the catch.
  • a gate of the character described com prising upper and lower pivotally-connected members adapted to swing together one above the other to close the gate, a post, a downwardly curved arm at the inner end of the upper member pivoted to said post, an upwardly curved loop-shaped arm at the inner end of the lower member having an eye, a cable leading through a guide near the top of said post and connected with said eye, a spring-catch projecting to the side of the post and adapted to engage said looped arm when the gate approaches a position directly over the lower pivot, and a cast-off for throwing said looped arm out of engagement with said catch.
  • a gate of the character described comprising upper and lower pivotally-connected members adapted to swing together one above the other to close the gate, a post hav ing a transverse hole, the inner end of the upper member being pivoted to said post, a loop-shaped arm at the inner end of the lower member, a spring catch projecting to the side of the post and adapted to engage said arm when the folded gate approaches an upright position, and a chain connected with the free end of said spring catch and led obliquely upward through said hole in the post and to a remote handle, the same serving as a cast-off to disengage the ar from said catch.
  • a gate of the character described comprising upper and lower pivotally-connected members adapted to swing together one above the other to close the gate, a post having an oblique hole through it, a downwardly curved arm at the inner end of the upper member pivoted to said post, an upwardly curved loop-shaped arm at the inner end of the lower member having an eye,
  • a cable leading through a guide near the top of said post and connected with said eye a spring catch projecting to the side of the post and adapted to engage said looped arm when the gate approaches a position directly over the lower pivot, and a chain connected with the free end of said spring catch and led obliquely upward through said hole in the post and to a remote handle, the same serving as a cast-off when drawn on to disengage the looped arm from said catch.

Description

G. E. ANDERSON.
GATE.
APPLICATION FILED AUG. 1, 1912.
1,077,449, Patented N0v.4, 1913.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
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GATE.
APPLIOATION FILED AUG. 1, 1912.
1,077,449 Patented Nov. 4, 1913.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
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CHARLES E. ANDERSON, OF LAKE ANDES, SOUTH DAKOTA.
GATE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 4, 1913.
Application filed August 1, 1912. Serial No. 712,680.
To all whom 2'25 may concern:
Be it known that I, CHARLES E. ANDER- SON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Lake Andes, in the county of Charles Mix and State of South Dakota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Gates; and I do declare the followingto be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to improvements in gates and particularly to gates formed in pivotally connected sections, and known as scissor gates.
One object of the invention is to provide a gate of this character having an improved arrangement and construction of operating mechanism, whereby the gate may be readily raised to an open position and whereby the same will close by gravity.
Another object is to provide an upwardly opening gate of the character described which will be simple, strong, durable and inexpensive in construction, efficient and reliable in operation and which may be opened and closed by any one approaching in a vehicle without alighting therefrom.
With these and other objects in view, the invention consists ofcertain novel features of construction, combination and arrangement of parts as will be hereinafter more fully described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a side view of my improved gate, showing the same in closed position; Fig. 2 is a similar view of the gate, showing the same one-half way open and illustrating the opening movement thereof; Fig. 3 is a similar view, showing the gate all the way open; Fig. d is a vertical cross sectional view, taken on the line H of Fig. 1; and Fig. 5 is an enlarged side view of the gate supporting post and the catch for holding the gate in open position, the upper portion of the post being in section and illustrating the position of the parts when supporting the gate; and Fig. 6 is a similar view, showing the manner in which the gate is disengaged from the catch.
My improved gate comprises an upper member or section 1 and a lower member or section 2 of a suitable width and of a length corresponding to the width of the road or opening which the gate is intended to close. The sections 1 and 2 of the gate may be of post 5 near any suitable construction and are here shown as being in the form of rectangular metal frames, in which are arranged wire-rods or other filling. The sections 1 and 2 have on their inner or adjacent cross bars, apertured pivot-lugs 3 adapted to receive a pivot bolt, whereby the sections are pivotally connected together midway between their ends, as shown.
On the inner or hinged end of the upper section 1 is formed a downwardly curved arm 1, the end of which is pivotally secured at 4 to the gate supporting post 5 near the lower end thereof. The lower member or section 2 of the gate has on its inner end an upwardly curved loop-shaped operating arm or extension 6. On the arm or extension 6 near the end thereof is secured an eye 7, to which are connected the operating cables 8 of the gate. from the eye 7 and pass through a guide The cables 8 extend upwardly eye 9 on-the upper end of the gate supporting post 5, and from thence the cables extend in opposite directions to cable supporting posts 10 arranged alongside the road at suitable distances beyond the opposite sides of the gate. The cables 8 pass through guide pulleys 11 on the upper ends of the posts 10 and extend downwardly to Within convenient reach, as shown, and have secured thereto counterbalancing weights 12 which also form handles, whereby the cables are operated to open the gate in a manner hereir-' after described.
Secured to one side of the gate supporting the upper end thereof is a spring gate supporting catch 13, which projects outwardly at a suitable angle from the post and in the path of upward-movement of the inner end of the extension 6 of the lower member of the gate. Connected to the upper end of the catch 13 is a cast-0E chain or other flexible connection 14:, which passes through a guide aperture 15 in the upper end of the post 5, said aperture being formed at an angle with its lower end opening through the side of the post adjacent to the spring and at a point some distance above the upper end of the latter, whereby when the chain is drawn tight, the same will project at an'angle or inclination between the upper end of the catch 13 and the post. On the other end of the chain 14: is a ring 16 of larger diameter than the size of the passage 15 in the post, whereby this end of the chain is prevented from being pulled through the aperture in the post. To the ring 16 are connected the upper ends of the gate releasing cables 17, which extend in opposite directions toward the cable supporting post 10 and are engaged with guide pulleys 18 on said posts. The ends of the cables 17 extend downwardly and have secured thereto rings 19, whereby the cables may be pulled for unlatching the gate in a manner hereinafter described.
When the members or sections of the gate are in closed position, as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings, the arms or extensions on the inner ends of said members will be disposed between the short guide posts 20 arranged adjacent to or at a short distance from the supporting post 5. The opposite ends of the sections or members 1 and 2 of the gate when closed are disposed between guiding and retaining plates 21 arranged on the latch post 22 of the gate. Arranged transversely through the plates-21 at a point above the ground corresponding to the width of the lower member of the gate is a stop bolt 23, beneath which the end of the lower gate member slides and with which member is engaged when the members are brought to a closed position, said bolt thus preventing the lower member of the gate prising upper and lower plvotally connected from being raised by stock or other animals.
In the operation of the gate to open the same, the weight 12 on one or the other of the gate lifting cables 11 is grasped and the cable pulled downwardly, which operation will draw upon the extension 6 of the lower member, thereby raising the inner end of said member and at the same time swinging both members back and upwardly after the manner of opening a pair of scissors and as clearly indicated in Figs. 2 and 3 of the drawing. hen the gate is completely open its weight is nearly above and supported by the pivot A because of the curvature of the arm 4. As the gate is opened the curved arm or looped-extension 6 of the lower member 2 of the gate is drawn upwardly as far as the catch 13, and the latter will be pressed inwardly until the extension 6 reaches the upper end of the catch, whereupon the latter will spring outwardly into the extension 6, so that when the gate lifting cables are released and the gate members drop, the looped extension will slip down onto the chain 1 1, which in its slack condition will form a loop and support the members of the gate in an open position.
In order to close the gate one of the cables 17 is pulled, thereby drawing the chain 14 through the passage 15 in the post until the slack is taken up and the extension on the lower member of the gate will be cast ofi by the chain over the end of the catch, thereby permitting the sections of the gate to swing together into a closed position. The members of the gate are retarded in their closing the upper movement or caused to close gradually by means of the counterbalancing weights 12, which are slightly lighter than the members of the gate, said weights also assisting in the opening of the gate members, so that very little eifort is required on the part of the operator to raise the members of the gate to an open position.
The gate supporting post 5 and the cable supporting post 10 may be of any suitable construction but are preferably formed of metal and have on their lower ends augerpoints 24, whereby the posts may be screwed into the ground, thus obviating the necessity of digging post holes for planting or setting the posts.
From the foregoing description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, the construction and operation of the invention will be readily understood without requiring a more extended explanation.
Various changes in the form, proportion and the minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the principle or sacrificing any of the advantages of this invention as claimed.
Having thus described my invention,
what I claim is 1. A gate of the character described commembers adapted to swing together one above the other to close the gate, a gate supporting post, an arm on the inner end of the upper member pivotally connected to said post, gate lifting cables connected with the inner end of the lower member and leading upwardly alongside the gate post and to remote handles, a catch to e11- gage and hold said gate members in an open position, and means whereby said members are disengaged from the catch.
2. A gate of the character described comprising upper and lower pivotally connected members adapted to swing together one above the other to close the gate, a gate supporting post, an arm on the inner end of said upper gate member and pivotally connected to said post, gate lifting cables connected with the adjacent end of the lower gate member whereby said members may be drawn upwardly toopen positions alongside the gate post to open the gate, means to support said cables in operative position, counterbalancing weights on said cables, a catch to engage and hold said gate members in an open position, and means whereby said members are disengaged from the catch and permitted to close by gravity.
3. A gate of the character described comprising upper and lower pivotally-connected members adapted to swing together one above the other to close the gate, a gate supporting ost, an arm on the inner end of said upper gate member and pivotallyconnected to said posts, gate lifting cables connected with the adjacent end of the lower gate member whereby said members may be drawn upwardly to open positions alongside the gate post to open the gate, means to support said cables in operative position, counterbalancing weights on said cables, a spring catch to receive the lower member of the gate when swung to an open position, a flexible gate releasing element connected with said spring catch to receive the portion of the gate member engaged thereby and to disengage said gate member from the catch, whereby the gate is permitted to close by gravity under the retarding action of said counterbalancing weights, and gate releasing cables connected with said flexible releasing element whereby the latter is actuated to disengage said lower gate member from the catch.
4. A gate of the character described comprising upper and lower pivotally-connected members adapted to swing together one above the other when closed, a gate supporting post, an arm on said upper gate member and pivotally connected to said post, a loop-shaped gate-operating arm on the inner end of said lower gate member, gate lifting and opening cables connected to said operating arm, cable supporting posts to hold said cables in operative position, a spring catch to receive the loopshaped arm of said lower gate member when said members are raised to open the gate, means to disengage said arm from said catch to permit the gate members to close, guide posts to receive and hold the inner ends of the gate members when closed, guiding and retaining plates to receive the outer ends of the gate members when closed, and a stop bolt to prevent the raising of the lower gate member when in closed position.
5. A gate of the character described comprising upper and lower pivotally-connected members adapted to swing together one above the other to close the gate, a post, a downwardly curved arm at the inner end of the upper member pivoted to said post, an upwardly curved arm at the inner end of the lower member having an eye, a cable leading through a guide near the top of said post and connected with said eye, a catch on the post with which said upwardly curved arm engages as the folded members approach a position directly over the lower pivot, and means for disengaging this arm from the catch.
6. A gate of the character described com prising upper and lower pivotally-connected members adapted to swing together one above the other to close the gate, a post, a downwardly curved arm at the inner end of the upper member pivoted to said post, an upwardly curved loop-shaped arm at the inner end of the lower member having an eye, a cable leading through a guide near the top of said post and connected with said eye, a spring-catch projecting to the side of the post and adapted to engage said looped arm when the gate approaches a position directly over the lower pivot, and a cast-off for throwing said looped arm out of engagement with said catch.
7 A gate of the character described comprising upper and lower pivotally-connected members adapted to swing together one above the other to close the gate, a post hav ing a transverse hole, the inner end of the upper member being pivoted to said post, a loop-shaped arm at the inner end of the lower member, a spring catch projecting to the side of the post and adapted to engage said arm when the folded gate approaches an upright position, and a chain connected with the free end of said spring catch and led obliquely upward through said hole in the post and to a remote handle, the same serving as a cast-off to disengage the ar from said catch.
8. A gate of the character described comprising upper and lower pivotally-connected members adapted to swing together one above the other to close the gate, a post having an oblique hole through it, a downwardly curved arm at the inner end of the upper member pivoted to said post, an upwardly curved loop-shaped arm at the inner end of the lower member having an eye,
a cable leading through a guide near the top of said post and connected with said eye, a spring catch projecting to the side of the post and adapted to engage said looped arm when the gate approaches a position directly over the lower pivot, and a chain connected with the free end of said spring catch and led obliquely upward through said hole in the post and to a remote handle, the same serving as a cast-off when drawn on to disengage the looped arm from said catch.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing witnesses.
CHARLES E. ANDERSON. Witnesses:
W. C. BEAURGUARD, R. C. BAKER.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents. Washington, D. G.
US71268012A 1912-08-01 1912-08-01 Gate. Expired - Lifetime US1077449A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9797541B1 (en) * 2016-06-23 2017-10-24 Kyle Hill Pig stopping device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9797541B1 (en) * 2016-06-23 2017-10-24 Kyle Hill Pig stopping device

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