US10529219B2 - Hand hygiene compliance monitoring - Google Patents

Hand hygiene compliance monitoring Download PDF

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US10529219B2
US10529219B2 US16/185,499 US201816185499A US10529219B2 US 10529219 B2 US10529219 B2 US 10529219B2 US 201816185499 A US201816185499 A US 201816185499A US 10529219 B2 US10529219 B2 US 10529219B2
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hand hygiene
activation
toilet
dispenser
compliance
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US20190147731A1 (en
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Brandon L. Herdt
Daniel R. Wald
Kyle D. Wood
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Ecolab USA Inc
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Ecolab USA Inc
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/18Status alarms
    • G08B21/24Reminder alarms, e.g. anti-loss alarms
    • G08B21/245Reminder of hygiene compliance policies, e.g. of washing hands
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K5/00Holders or dispensers for soap, toothpaste, or the like
    • A47K5/06Dispensers for soap
    • A47K5/12Dispensers for soap for liquid or pasty soap
    • A47K5/1217Electrical control means for the dispensing mechanism
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/18Status alarms
    • G08B21/24Reminder alarms, e.g. anti-loss alarms
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • G08B25/01Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium
    • G08B25/10Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium using wireless transmission systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K5/00Holders or dispensers for soap, toothpaste, or the like
    • A47K5/06Dispensers for soap
    • A47K5/12Dispensers for soap for liquid or pasty soap
    • A47K5/1211Dispensers for soap for liquid or pasty soap using pressure on soap, e.g. with piston
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B19/00Teaching not covered by other main groups of this subclass
    • G09B19/0076Body hygiene; Dressing; Knot tying

Abstract

A system and associated processes monitor hand hygiene compliance. For example, the hand hygiene compliance system may monitor, analyze and report on hand hygiene compliance after usage of bathroom facilities. Usage of bathroom facilities is determined by sensing activation (e.g., flushing) of a toilet or a urinal. Each activation event gives rise to a hand hygiene opportunity, and should be followed by performance of a corresponding hand hygiene procedure in order for the hand hygiene opportunity to be deemed “compliant”. Performance of a hand hygiene procedure is determined by sensing actuation of a hand hygiene product dispenser. To determine whether a hand hygiene opportunity is compliant, the system may determine whether a dispenser actuation event occurred within a predetermined period of time from the activation event.

Description

TECHNICAL FIELD
The disclosure relates to monitoring of hand hygiene compliance.
BACKGROUND
The practice of proper hand hygiene has been recognized as an effective way to reduce pathogen transmission in settings such as the health care and food service industries. Hands are one of the main pathways for germ transmission during health care food preparation activities. Despite this, compliance with hand hygiene practices remains low, and improvement efforts tend to lack sustainability. Measuring adherence to hand hygiene practices is therefore important, both to identify where hand hygiene compliance is low, and to determine how compliance may be improved.
However, measuring worker adherence to hand hygiene guidelines is not a simple matter. There is no standardized measure for collecting and reporting rates of hand hygiene compliance. Different organizations may require very different hand hygiene practices. For example, both how and when hand hygiene hand should be performed may vary widely depending upon the type of establishment. In addition, even within an organization, hand hygiene requirements may vary depending upon a person's job role and their likelihood of coming into contact with, and/or transmitting, pathogens.
SUMMARY
In general, the disclosure relates to systems and associated processes that monitor hand hygiene compliance. For example, the hand hygiene compliance system may monitor, analyze and report on hand hygiene compliance after activation of a toilet or a urinal.
In one example, the disclosure is directed to a system that monitors hand hygiene compliance at a facility, comprising an activation sensor module that senses activation of a toilet/urinal and transmits corresponding activation event data including an activation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal, the activation event data identifying an associated hand hygiene opportunity; a dispenser actuation sensor module that senses actuation of a hand hygiene product dispenser and transmits corresponding dispense event data including a dispenser actuation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser; and a computing device that receives the activation event data and the dispense event data and determines whether the hand hygiene opportunity was compliant with one or more hand hygiene compliance rules, the compliance rules including a predetermined period of time within which actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser must occur subsequent to the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal in order for the computing device to determine that the hand hygiene opportunity is compliant.
The system may further include a plurality of dispenser actuation sensors, each associated with a different one of a plurality of hand hygiene product dispensers located throughout a facility, the compliance rules further including an association between the activation sensor module and at least one of the plurality of hand hygiene product dispensers, such that actuation of at least one of the associated dispensers must occur within the predetermined period of time subsequent to the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal in order for the computing device to determine that the hand hygiene opportunity is compliant.
The system may further include a plurality of activation sensor modules, each associated with a different one of a plurality of toilet/urinals. The association between the activation sensor module and the at least one of the plurality of hand hygiene product dispensers may be based on their installation in the same restroom.
The remote computing system may further include a reporting application that generates reports concerning hand hygiene compliance at the facility. The remote computing system may further permit users to remotely request and receive the reports. The remote computing system may generate a compliance score according to the equation:
% Hand Hygiene Compliance = Hand Hygiene Opportunities × 100 Compliant Hand Hygiene Events .
The hand hygiene product dispenser may dispense any one of a hand soap, a hand sanitizer, a hand rub, or an aqueous solution. The hand hygiene product dispenser may dispense any one of a liquid, a gel, a lotion, or a foam.
The system may further comprise a compliance badge including a badge module that stores badge identification data uniquely associated with a user, and that communicates the badge identification data to the toilet/urinal activation sensor upon, wherein the toilet/urinal activation sensor stores the badge identification data as part of the activation event data and the dispenser actuation sensor module stores the badge identification data as part of the dispenser data. The compliance rules may include a predetermined period of time within which actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser associated with the badge identification data must occur subsequent to the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal associated with the badge identification data in order for the computing device to determine that the hand hygiene opportunity is compliant.
In another example, the disclosure is directed to a system that monitors hand hygiene compliance at a facility, comprising an activation sensor module that senses activation of a toilet/urinal and transmits corresponding activation event data including an activation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal, the activation event data identifying an associated hand hygiene opportunity; a dispenser actuation sensor module that senses actuation of a hand hygiene product dispenser and transmits corresponding dispense event data including a dispenser actuation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser; and a computing device that receives the activation event data and the dispense event data and determines whether the dispense event occurred within a predetermined period of time of the activation event to determine whether the hand hygiene opportunity was a compliant hand hygiene opportunity.
The computing device may further associate the toilet/urinal with one or more hand hygiene product dispensers based on the toilet/urinal and the one or more hand hygiene product dispensers being located in the same restroom, and may further determine whether the dispense event occurred at one of the one or more associated hand hygiene product dispensers to determine whether the hand hygiene opportunity was a compliant hand hygiene opportunity.
The remote computing system may generate a compliance score based on the activation event data and the dispense event data. The remote computing system may generate the compliance score according to the equation:
% Hand Hygiene Compliance = Hand Hygiene Opportunities × 100 Compliant Hand Hygiene Events .
The system may further include a plurality of toilet/urinal activation modules, each uniquely associated with a different one of a plurality of toilet/urinals; a plurality of dispenser actuation modules, each uniquely associated with a different one of a plurality of hand hygiene product dispensers, and the computing device further determines a compliance score based on a plurality of activation events received from the toilet/urinal activation modules and based on a plurality of dispense events received from the dispenser actuation modules.
The compliance score may be determined on a per toilet/urinal basis, a per hand hygiene product dispenser basis, a per restroom basis, a department basis, a facility-wide basis, or a corporate-wide basis. The compliance score may be determined based on a time period, a workday shift, a day, a week, a month, or a year.
The predetermined period of time may be based at least in part on a distance between the toilet/urinal and the hand hygiene product dispenser. The predetermined period of time may be based at least in part on dimension of a room in which the toilet/urinal and the hand hygiene dispenser are located. The predetermined period of time may be based at least in part on a number of hand hygiene product dispensers. The predetermined period of time may be based at least in part on preferred hand hygiene practices of the facility.
In another example, the disclosure is directed to a method of monitoring hand hygiene compliance at a facility, comprising sensing activation of a toilet/urinal and transmitting corresponding activation event data including an activation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal, the activation event data identifying an associated hand hygiene opportunity; sensing actuation of a hand hygiene product dispenser and transmitting corresponding dispense event data including a dispenser actuation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser; associating, by a computing device, the toilet/urinal with one or more hand hygiene product dispensers based on the toilet/urinal and the one or more hand hygiene product dispensers being located in the same restroom; and determining, the computing device, whether the hand hygiene opportunity was a compliant hand hygiene opportunity, including determining, by the computing device, whether the dispense event occurred within a predetermined period of time of the activation event; and determining, by the computing device, whether the dispense event occurred at one of the one or more associated hand hygiene product dispensers.
The method may further comprise generating a report concerning hand hygiene compliance at the facility, wherein the report includes a comparison of hand hygiene opportunities and compliant hand hygiene opportunities at the facility over time to determine whether improvement in hand hygiene practices has occurred. The method may further comprise generating a report including hand hygiene data at multiple facilities.
The method may further comprise receiving, by the computing device, first badge identification data that uniquely identifies a first one of a plurality of users from a first compliance badge associated with the activation event; receiving, by the computing device, second badge identification that uniquely identifies a second one of a plurality of users from a second compliance badge associated with the dispense event; comparing, by the computing device, the first badge identification data with the second badge identification data; and determining, by the computing device, whether the hand hygiene opportunity was a compliant hand hygiene opportunity if the first badge identification data matches the second badge identification data.
The details of one or more examples are set forth in the accompanying drawings and the description below. Other features and advantages will be apparent from the description and drawings, and from the claims.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is a diagram of an example restroom including example toilet/urinal activation sensors and example hand hygiene product dispenser actuation sensors.
FIG. 2 is a block diagram illustrating an example hand hygiene compliance system.
FIG. 3 is a block diagram of an example dispenser actuation sensor for a hand hygiene product dispenser.
FIG. 4 is a block diagram of an example toilet/urinal activation sensor.
FIG. 5 is a flow chart illustrating an example process by which a computing device may analyze toilet/urinal activation data and dispenser actuation data to monitor hand hygiene compliance.
FIG. 6 is a chart including example toilet/urinal activation data, example dispenser actuation data, and example results of an analysis to monitor hand hygiene compliance.
FIG. 7 is an example graph illustrating example toilet/urinal activation data and example dispenser actuation data over the course of one workday period.
FIG. 8 is an example graph illustrating example compliance scores generated from the example data shown in the graph of FIG. 7.
FIG. 9 is a block diagram of an example compliance badge.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION
In general, the disclosure relates to a system and associated processes that monitor hand hygiene compliance. For example, the hand hygiene compliance system may monitor, analyze and report on compliance with hand hygiene practices after usage of bathroom facilities. In some examples, the system provides a relatively non-intrusive way to measure and improve employee hand hygiene processes that does not involve identification of individual users, requires no added personal hardware, and fits within normal employee use patterns. In other examples, the system includes compliance badges for identification and monitoring of an individual user's hand hygiene practices.
For purposes of the present disclosure, usage of bathroom facilities is determined by sensing activation (e.g., flushing) of a toilet or a urinal. Each sensed activation defines a corresponding toilet/urinal activation event, or simply, activation event. Sensing flushing of a toilet/urinal helps to ensure that the system accurately captures the high-risk events in a bathroom where potential transmission of pathogens is relatively higher, as compared to relatively lower risk events, such as a user merely entering a bathroom to wash their hands before or after lunch, to brush their teeth, or to comb their hair.
Upon sensing an activation event, the system of the present disclosure determines whether the activation event is followed by performance of a compliant hand hygiene procedure. Performance of a hand hygiene procedure is determined by, for example, sensing actuation of a manual or automatic hand hygiene product dispenser. Each sensed dispenser actuation defines a corresponding dispenser actuation event, or simply, dispense event.
Activation of a toilet or a urinal may be automatic or manual. In one example, to detect automatic activation of a toilet/urinal, the system may receive a signal associated with activation of the toilet/urinal from an automatic or touchless toilet/urinal flushing device. In another example, to sense manual activation of a toilet/urinal, the system may receive a sensed signal associated with flushing of a toilet/urinal from a sensor that senses mechanical movement of the toilet flush lever/handle, a water level sensor in the toilet tank, a sensor on the fill or flush valve, a sensor associated with the toilet tank float or float arm, or other mechanism for sensing flushing of a toilet/urinal, such as a tilt sensor, vibration sensor, acoustic sensor, or other type of sensor.
In either case, each toilet/urinal activation event further gives rise to a hand hygiene opportunity. Each hand hygiene opportunity should be followed by a corresponding hand hygiene procedure in order for the hand hygiene opportunity to be deemed “compliant”. To determine whether a hand hygiene opportunity is compliant, the system includes one or more sets of compliance rules that define compliant and non-compliant hand hygiene opportunities. For example, the compliance rules may define a predetermined period of time within which a dispense event must follow an activation event in order to determine the hand hygiene opportunity to be compliant. In other words, to determine whether a hand hygiene opportunity is compliant, the system may determine whether a dispenser actuation event occurred within a predetermined period of time from the toilet/urinal activation event. If a dispenser actuation event is sensed within the predetermined period of time, the hand hygiene opportunity is determined to be “compliant”. If a dispenser actuation event does not occur within the predetermined period of time from the activation event, the hand hygiene opportunity is determined to be “non-compliant.”
In some examples, the compliance rules may further associate each toilet/urinal with one or more hand hygiene product dispensers, and only actuation of one of the associated dispensers within a predetermined period of time will result in a compliant hand hygiene procedure. For example, one or more toilets/urinals and one or more hand hygiene product dispensers may be associated with each other due to their being installed in the same restroom or other area of concern. In this way, only usage of one of the associated hand hygiene dispensers within the predetermined period of time will result in a compliant hand hygiene procedure. This may help to identify when usage of bathroom facilities, such as a toilet or a urinal, is not followed by performance of a compliant hand hygiene procedure before a user leaves the restroom or other area of concern.
In some examples, a plurality of compliance badges are uniquely assigned to each of a plurality of users whose hand hygiene practices are to be monitored. Upon sensing of an activation event and/or dispense event, badge identification information is obtained from the badge and associated with the activation event and/or dispense event. In this way, individual compliance/non-compliance with hand hygiene procedures may be monitored and analyzed.
In some examples, the predetermined period of time may be defined differently for different situations. For example, the predetermined period of time within which a dispense event must follow an activation event may be customized for each toilet/urinal based on one or more factors. For example, the predetermined period of time for hand hygiene opportunity generated from a toilet activation may be different than the predetermined period of time for a hand hygiene opportunity generated from a urinal activation. As another example, the predetermined period of time may be adjusted for each individual toilet/urinal based on the size (dimensions) of the restroom, the distance between a toilet or urinal from the associated hand hygiene product dispensers, the number of toilets/urinals in a restroom, or other factor affecting the amount of time a user should be reasonably given to perform a compliant hand hygiene procedure following usage of bathroom facilities. The acceptable predetermined time frame between hygiene signal and wash signal will may be tuned, for example, by bathroom size and by a statistical analysis of the activation event data and the dispense event data and devising a cut-off related a confidence interval around the mean time between flush and wash, or it may be determined via a machine learning algorithm. Different compliance rules may therefore apply to different toilets and/or urinals, depending upon one or more of these factors.
Upon sensing each toilet/urinal activation event, an activation sensor may store a data record of the activation event, including an associated time stamp identifying the date and time of the activation. The activation event data may further include a toilet/urinal identifier, an activation sensor device identifier, a restroom/location identifier, a facility identifier, and/or any other information pertinent to the activation event. In examples where compliance badges are used, the activation event data may include a badge/user identifier. The activation sensors may further include communication capability that enables the activation sensors to connect and exchange data with one or more local or remote computing devices. For example, each activation sensor may include a wired or wireless transmitter/receiver by which it may transmit the activation event data to one or more local and/or remote computing devices for further analysis and reporting. The activation sensors may further receive operating setting data, software updates, or requests from the one or more local and/or remote computing devices via the wired or wireless transmitter/receiver. The communications may occur through one or more wired or wireless local or wide area network(s), the internet, a mobile phone network, or other means of inter-device connectivity. The activation sensors may further include communication capability that enables the activation sensors to connect and exchange data with one or more compliance badges. For example, each activation sensor may include a wireless short-range transmitter/receiver by which it may communicate with and receive badge identification data from one or more compliance badges within range of the activation sensor.
Similarly, upon sensing each hand hygiene dispenser actuation, a dispenser actuation sensor may store a data record of the dispense event, including an associated time stamp identifying the date and time of the dispenser actuation. The dispense event data may further include a dispenser identifier, an actuation sensor identifier, a location identifier, a facility identifier, and/or any other information pertinent to the dispenser actuation event. In examples where compliance badges are used, the dispense event data may include a badge/user identifier. The dispenser actuation sensors may further include communication capability that enables the sensors to connect and exchange data with one or more local or remote computing devices. For example, each dispenser actuation sensor may include a wired or wireless transceiver by which it may transmit the dispense event data to one or more local and/or remote computers for further analysis and reporting. The actuation sensors may further receive operating setting data, software updates, or requests from the one or more local and/or remote computing devices via the wired or wireless transmitter/receiver. The communications may occur through one or more wired or wireless local or wide area network(s), the internet, a mobile phone network, or other means of inter-device connectivity. The dispenser actuation sensors may further include communication capability that enables the dispenser actuation sensors to connect and exchange data with one or more compliance badges. For example, each dispenser actuation sensor may include a wireless short-range transmitter/receiver by which it may communicate with and receive badge identification data from one or more compliance badges within range of the dispenser actuation sensor.
Transmission of the activation event data and/or the dispense event data by the activation sensors and the dispenser actuation sensors to the local or remote computing devices may be wired or wireless. The communications may further occur in real-time, such as upon detection of each activation event and/or dispense event. The communications may alternatively or in addition occur at defined periodic times or time intervals, and/or may be on demand upon request of a local or remote computing device.
The analysis and/or reporting performed by the local and/or remote computing systems may be performed in real-time, on a periodic basis, or on demand upon receipt of a request from a user computing device.
The hand hygiene product dispensers may include any type of manual or automatic (i.e., touchless, touch free, or hands free) hand hygiene product dispenser that dispense any type of hand hygiene product intended for cleansing, disinfecting, or sanitizing of the hands. Such hand hygiene products may include hand soaps, hand sanitizers, hand rubs, alcohol-based hand rubs, aqueous scrubs, or any other type of hand hygiene product. The hand hygiene products may be in the form of a liquid, a gel, a lotion, a foam, a solution, or any other form of hand hygiene product.
In some examples, the system as a whole may include a plurality of toilet/urinal activation sensors, each associated with a different one of a plurality of toilets/urinals. The system may further include a plurality of dispenser actuation sensors, each associated with a different one of a plurality of hand hygiene product dispensers. Each toilet/urinal activation sensor may be further associated with one or more of the plurality of dispenser actuation sensors. The system may further include a plurality of compliance badges, each uniquely associated with a different one of a plurality of users. However, it shall be understood that the system need not necessary include compliance badges. In some applications, for example, monitoring and analysis of identified individual hand hygiene compliance is not desired.
The system may, either locally or remotely (or both), analyze the toilet/urinal activation event data from the activation sensors and the dispense event data from the dispenser actuation sensors to monitor, measure, and/or generate reports on hand hygiene compliance after usage of bathroom facilities.
The system may generate one or more measures of hand hygiene compliance. In one example, the system may measure and report a hand hygiene compliance score based on the activation event data and the dispense event data. In some examples, the hand hygiene compliance score may be based on the following:
% Hand Hygiene Compliance = Hand Hygiene Opportunities × 100 Compliant Hand Hygiene Events
Example hand hygiene compliance scores may be determined on a per toilet/urinal basis, a per dispenser basis, a per restroom basis, a department basis, a facility-wide basis, corporate-wide basis, or other location-based measure. In examples where compliance badges are used, hand hygiene compliance scores may be determined on a per user or per compliance badge basis. Example hand hygiene compliance scores may also be determined by time period, workday shift, day, week, month, or other time-based measure. It shall be understood, however, that other measures of hand hygiene compliance may also be used, and that the disclosure is not limited in this respect. The activation event data, dispense event data, and/or compliance scores may be averaged, combined, or otherwise manipulated to identify where and when hand hygiene compliance is satisfactory or unsatisfactory, to identify trends or patterns, provide benchmarks, or to measure the effect on compliance after implementation of training procedures or changes in hand hygiene practices (such as changes in hand hygiene products dispensed, the type of dispensers used, the number or location of dispensers within a restroom or other area of concern, etc.).
In addition to monitoring hand hygiene practices, collection of the bathroom fixture activation signal may additionally provide the opportunity to trigger a cleaning message after a defined number of sensed activations. It may also serve to normalize worker hours and/or soap usage when combined with a dispense signal from a hand hygiene product dispenser thereby creating a way to standardize scores for other connected fixtures in a facility.
In some examples, the hand hygiene compliance information collected and generated is anonymous; that is, the individual worker or employee performing a toilet/urinal activation and/or a hand hygiene dispenser actuation is not identified. In other examples, the system may also include worker identification methods such as electronic compliance badges, and the employee/user data may also be collected and analyzed in the hand hygiene compliance system as described herein.
FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating an example restroom 140 installed for hand hygiene compliance monitoring after usage of bathroom facilities according to the present disclosure. Example restroom 140 includes several standard bathroom fixtures including a toilet 130, two urinals 132A and 132B, two sinks 122A and 122B and two hand hygiene product dispensers 120A and 120B. Each toilet/urinal is associated with a toilet/urinal activation sensor, referred to generally as a toilet/urinal activation sensor module 150. For example, toilet 130 is associated with activation sensor module 150A, urinal 132A is associated with activation sensor module 150B, and urinal 132B is associated with activation sensor module 150C. Each hand hygiene product dispenser 120 is associated with a dispenser actuation sensor module 100. For example, hand hygiene product dispenser 120A is associated with dispenser actuation sensor module 100A and hand hygiene product dispenser 120B is associated with dispenser actuation sensor 100B. The hand hygiene product dispensers 120 may, but need not necessarily have, a one-to-one correspondence with sinks 122.
In some examples, compliance badges 10 are worn or carried by users or employees, such as user 11, of the facility in which hand hygiene compliance is to be monitored. The badges 10 are capable of short-range wireless communication with the dispensers 120, the dispenser actuation modules 100, and/or the toilet/urinal activation sensor modules 150 in order to monitor and track hand hygiene compliance of individual users at the facility.
Each activation sensor module 150 senses activation (e.g., flushing) of the respective toilet or urinal. In some examples, each activation sensor module 150 is connected to receive an activation signal from an automatic toilet flushing device installed on the respective toilet/urinal. In those examples, the activation sensors 150 are able to make use of signals generated by automatic flushing devices that are already installed in many commercial bathrooms. In other examples, each activation sensor module 150 is connected to receive an activation signal from manual activation sensor, such as a sensor that senses mechanical movement of the toilet flush lever/handle, a water level sensor in the toilet tank, a sensor on the fill or flush valve, a sensor associated with the toilet tank float or float arm, or other mechanism for sensing flushing of a toilet/urinal, such as a tilt sensor, vibration sensor, acoustic sensor, or other type of sensor.
The automatic toilet flushing device may be implemented using a customized or commercially available automatic toilet flushing device.
Each activation sensor module 150 may include an internal memory or data storage device. Upon sensing of a toilet/urinal activation event, an activation sensor module 150 may store a data record of the activation event, including an associated time stamp identifying the date and time of the activation. The activation event data may further include a toilet/urinal identifier, an activation sensor device identifier, a restroom/location identifier, a facility identifier, and/or any other information pertinent to the activation event. For example, activation sensor module 150A may store an activation event including an activation event identifier or event number, an identifier uniquely assigned to toilet 130, a sensor identifier uniquely associated with activation sensor module 150A, a restroom identifier uniquely associated with restroom 140, a facility identifier uniquely associated with the building, restaurant, healthcare facility or other location identifier in which restroom 140 is located.
In examples where users wear or carry compliance badges 10, the activation sensor module 150 may further include short range wireless communication capability that enables the activation sensor module 150 to communicate with compliance badge 10 within range of the activation sensor module. In such examples, upon sensing of a toilet/urinal activation event, activation sensor 150 may wirelessly communicate with a compliance badge 10 within range of the toilet/urinal activation sensor, receive badge identification data or user identification data from the badge 10, associate the badge identification data with the activation event, and store the user and/or badge identification data as part of the activation event data.
Each activation sensor module 150 may further include communication capability that enables activation sensor module 150 to connect and exchange data with one or more local or remote computing devices (see, e.g., FIG. 2). For example, each activation sensor module 150 may include a wired or wireless transmitter/receiver by which it may transmit the activation event data to one or more local and/or remote computing devices for further analysis and reporting. The activation sensors may further receive operating setting data, software updates, or requests from the one or more local and/or remote computing devices via the wired or wireless transmitter/receiver. The communications may occur through one or more wired or wireless local or wide area network(s), the internet, a mobile phone network, or other means of inter-device connectivity. The activation event data and other transmissions to and from devices 150A-150C may be routed through one or more wired or wireless network hubs or repeaters, such as device 142, or through other existing local network infrastructure, before being transmitted to one or more local or remote computing devices for analysis.
Each dispenser actuation sensor module 100 senses manual of automatic actuation of the respective hand hygiene product dispenser. In some examples, each actuation sensor module 100 is connected to receive an actuation signal from an automatic (i.e., touchless, touch free, or hands free) hand hygiene product dispenser. In other examples, each actuation sensor module 100 is connected to receive an actuation signal from manual actuation sensor, such as a sensor that senses mechanical movement of a dispenser pushbar or button, mechanical movement of a pump or portions of a pump, or other mechanism for sensing manual actuation of hand hygiene product dispenser.
Each actuation sensor module 100 may include an associated memory or data storage device. Upon sensing of a dispense event, an actuation sensor module 100 may store a data record of the actuation event, including an associated time stamp identifying the date and time of the dispenser actuation. The actuation event data may further include a dispense event identifier or number, a dispenser identifier, an activation sensor device identifier, a restroom/location identifier, a facility identifier, and/or any other information pertinent to the activation event. For example, actuation sensor module 100A may store in its associated memory or data storage device actuation event data including an actuation event identifier or event number, an identifier uniquely assigned to dispenser 120A, an sensor identifier uniquely associated with dispenser actuation sensor module 100A, a restroom identifier uniquely associated with restroom 140, a facility identifier uniquely associated with the building, restaurant, healthcare facility or other location identifier in which restroom 140 is located, or other information pertinent to the dispense event.
In examples where users wear or carry compliance badges 10, the dispenser actuation sensor module 100 may further include short range wireless communication capability that enables the dispenser actuation sensor module 100 to communicate with compliance badge 10 within range of the activation sensor module. In such examples, upon sensing of a dispenser actuation event, dispenser actuation sensor module 100 may wirelessly communicate with a compliance badge 10 within range of the dispenser actuation sensor, receive badge identification data or user identification data from the badge 10, associate the badge identification data with the dispense event, and store the user and/or badge identification data as part of the dispense event data.
Each actuation sensor module 100 may further include communication capability that enables actuation sensor module 100 to connect and exchange data with one or more local or remote computing devices (see, e.g., FIG. 2). For example, each actuation sensor module 100 may include a wired or wireless transmitter/receiver by which it may transmit the actuation event data to one or more local and/or remote computing devices for further analysis and reporting. The actuation sensors may further receive operating setting data, software updates, or requests from the one or more local and/or remote computing devices via the wired or wireless transmitter/receiver. The communications may occur through one or more wired or wireless local or wide area network(s), the internet, a mobile phone network, a satellite network, or other means of inter-device connectivity. The actuation event data and other transmissions to and from devices 100A-100C may be routed through one or more wired or wireless network hubs or repeaters, such as device 142, or through other existing local network infrastructure, before being transmitted to one or more local or remote computing devices for analysis.
In accordance with the present disclosure, each toilet/urinal activation event detected by the system will be identified as a hand hygiene opportunity. The system further determines whether each identified hand hygiene opportunity is followed by a corresponding compliant hand hygiene procedure. For example, in an application that does not utilize compliance badges, assume an employee enters restroom 140 and uses toilet 130, which includes an automatic (i.e., touchless, touch free, or hands free) flushing device. The automatic flushing device generates an activation signal to automatically flush the toilet in accordance with a predetermined method. The toilet activation signal generated by the toilet 130 automatic flushing device is also received by the activation sensor module 150A, which determines that an activation event has occurred, and stores the activation event data including a time stamp including the date and time at which the activation signal was received, an activation event number, the identifier corresponding to toilet 130, the identifier corresponding to activation sensor module 150A, an identifier corresponding to the bathroom 140, etc. In systems including compliance badges, upon receiving the toilet activation signal, the activation sensor module would initiate short range wireless communication to locate and receive compliance badge identification data from any compliance badges within range of the activation sensor module. The activation event data stored by the activation sensor module 150A would include the badge identification data received from the employee's compliance badge.
To determine whether the hand hygiene opportunity associated with the employee's use of toilet 130 is compliant, the system determines whether a dispenser actuation event at one of dispensers 120A or 120B within the restroom 140 occurred within a predetermined period of time from the toilet/urinal activation event. If a dispenser actuation event at one of dispensers 120A or 120B is sensed by dispenser actuation sensors 100A or 100B, respectively, within the predetermined period of time, the hand hygiene opportunity identified by the activation of toilet 130 is determined to be “compliant”. If the dispenser actuation sensors 100A or 100B do not detect a dispenser actuation event at either dispenser 120A or 120B, respectively, within the predetermined period of time from the activation event, the hand hygiene opportunity is determined to be “non-compliant.” In systems where compliance badges are not used, the system may determine whether a dispenser actuation occurred within the predetermined period of time. In systems where compliance badges are used, the system may determine whether a dispenser actuation corresponding to the same badge identification data occurred within the predetermined period of time of the toilet/urinal activation.
In this example, each toilet/urinal 130, 132A and 132B may be associated with hand hygiene product dispensers 120A and 120B by virtue of their installation in the same restroom, and only actuation of one of the associated dispensers within a predetermined period of time will result in a compliant hand hygiene procedure. In this way, only usage of one of the associated hand hygiene dispensers within the predetermined period of time will result in a compliant hand hygiene procedure. This may help to ensure that a compliant hand hygiene procedure is performed before a user leaves the restroom 140 whenever an activation event is detected at one of the toilets 130 or urinals 132A, 132B within the restroom 140.
In some examples, the predetermined period of time may be defined differently for different situations. For example, the predetermined period of time within which a dispense event must follow an activation event may be customized for each toilet/urinal based on one or more factors. For example, the predetermined period of time for a hand hygiene opportunity generated from an activation event at toilet 130 may be different than the predetermined period of time for a hand hygiene opportunity generated from an activation event at urinal 132A and/or urinal 132B. This may be due at least in part to the different amounts of time in which a user may reasonably be expected to wash their hands after usage of a toilet as compared to usage of a urinal. The differing predetermined period(s) of time may further be due at least in part to the physical layout of the bathroom and the resulting different distances between a first bathroom fixture (e.g., toilet or urinal) and an associated hand hygiene product dispenser and the distance between a second bathroom fixture (e.g., toilet or urinal) and an associated hand hygiene product dispenser. This may further be due at least in part to the habits of the users of the restroom and/or any required bathroom or handwashing procedures of the workplace. In some examples, the predetermined period of time may be customized or adjusted for each individual toilet/urinal based on the size (dimensions) of the restroom, the physical layout of the restroom, the distance between a toilet or urinal from the associated hand hygiene product dispensers, the number of toilets/urinals in a restroom, or other factor affecting the amount of time a user should be reasonably given to perform a compliant hand hygiene procedure following usage of bathroom facilities.
For example, a predetermined amount of time for a compliant hand hygiene procedure (dispense event) may be between 10-120 seconds after sensing of a toilet activation event, whereas a predetermined amount of time for a compliant hand hygiene procedure (dispense event) may be 3-90 seconds after sensing of a urinal activation event. However, it shall be understood that these time frames are given for purposes of example only, and that the amounts of time may be adjusted and customized according to the factors discussed herein, and that the disclosure is not limited in that respect.
FIG. 2 is a block diagram illustrating an example hand hygiene compliance system 101 in accordance with the present disclosure. One or more facilities 110A-110N, such health care facilities, restaurants, or food processing facilities, are each associated with a local computing system, such as local computing system 112A, that is in communication, via network 160, with a remote computing system 180 and one or more user computing device(s) 170. Although certain features of system 100 are shown and described herein as being performed by remote computing system 180, in other examples, the features and techniques attributed to system remote computing system 180 may be performed internally, by local components of local computing systems 112A-112N, or by remote user computing device(s) 170.
Each facility 110A-110N includes an associated local computing system 112A-112N, respectively. Each facility, such as facility 110A, further includes one or more hand hygiene product dispensers 120A-120N, each associated with one of a plurality of dispenser actuation sensors 100A-100N. Each facility further includes a plurality of toilet/urinal activation sensors 150A-150N, each associated with one of a plurality of toilets or urinals within the facility, as shown in FIG. 1. In some examples, each facility further includes a plurality of compliance badges 10A-10N, each uniquely associated with a different one of a plurality of users.
Remote computing system 180 includes one or more processors 182, a hand hygiene analysis module 184, and a hand hygiene reporting module 186. A data store 190 may be local or a remotely located from the remote computing system 180, and includes data storage for facility data 191, hand hygiene system data 192, compliance rule data 193, dispenser data 194, activation data 196, and reports/analysis data 198. Hand hygiene analysis module 184 includes programmed instructions that, when executed by one or more processors 182, analyze the toilet/urinal activation event data generated by the activation sensors 150A-150N and the dispense event data generated by the dispenser actuation sensors 120A-120N to monitor compliance with established hand hygiene procedures after usage of bathroom facilities. Hand hygiene reporting/service module 186 includes instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors 182, provide a hand hygiene compliance monitoring service, thus providing the results of the analysis performed under direction of the analysis module 184, to user computing devices 170 or to the local computing systems 112A-112N.
Facility data 191 includes data concerning each of facilities 110A-110N, such as the name of the facility; the type of facility (e.g., restaurant, healthcare facility, food processing facility, etc.); location information such as address, city, state, and zip code; employee information; management information; accounting information; business information; information concerning those persons or entities authorized to access the reports generated by the hand hygiene compliance system; and any other pertinent facility data that may be used or generated by the remote computing system 180 during performance of the hand hygiene compliance analysis or providing access to the hand hygiene compliance monitoring service.
Hand hygiene system data 192 includes data concerning the physical and virtual set up of the various devices and sensors that make-up the hand hygiene compliance monitoring systems in each location 110A-110N. For example, hand hygiene system data 192 includes identification and other relevant information (such as dispenser type, location, dispensed product name; dispensed product type (e.g., sanitizer, soap, alcohol, etc.); dispensed product form (solid, liquid, gel, foam, etc.); dispensed product amounts (by volume, weight, or other measure)), etc. for each of the hand hygiene product dispensers 120A-120N; identification and other relevant information for each of the dispenser actuation sensors 100A-100N; and identification and other relevant information for each of the toilet/urinal activation sensors 150A-150N at each location 110A-110N. The hand hygiene system data 192 may also include any of the following: data uniquely associating each dispenser 120A-120N with one of dispenser actuation sensors 100A-100N; data uniquely associating each dispenser 120A-120N, dispenser actuation sensor 100A-100N, and activation sensors 150A-150N with a specific room within a facility 110; data associating each activation sensor module 150A-150N with one or more specific ones of the dispensers 120A-120N and/or dispenser actuation sensors 100A-100N; data defining the predetermined period of time within which a compliant hand wash procedure must be performed for each of the toilet/urinal activation sensors 150A-150N; and any other hand hygiene system information that may be used or generated by the hand hygiene analysis module during performance of the hand hygiene compliance analysis or by the hand hygiene reporting module while providing access to the hand hygiene compliance monitoring service. In examples where compliance badges are used, hand hygiene system data 192 may include assigned compliance badge identification data uniquely associated with each employee or user in the system for which hand hygiene compliance is to be monitored and/or analyzed.
Compliance rules 193 include one or more sets of rules used by computing system 180 during analysis of the activation event data and the dispense event data to determine whether a hand hygiene opportunity is compliant. The compliance rules define compliant and non-compliant hand hygiene opportunities. The sets of compliance rules may be different depending upon the factors described herein, such as the number and type of toilets/urinals in a restroom, the preferred hand hygiene practices of the establishment or facility, the dimensions or layout of the restroom, the habits of the employees of the establishment, whether or not compliance badges are implemented in the particular system, etc. Each toilet/urinal in a facility is therefore associated with one of the sets of compliance rules for determining whether a compliant hand hygiene procedure was performed. The compliance rules may include, for example, identifiers for one or more associated dispensers at which a compliant dispense event may take place and a predetermined period of time in which a dispense event at an associated dispenser must take place in order for an activation at the toilet/urinal to be compliant.
Dispense event data 194 stores the dispense event records received from dispenser actuation sensors 100A-100N from each facility 110A-110N. The dispense event data may include but is not limited to a time stamp identifying the date and time of the dispenser actuation, a dispenser identifier, a dispenser actuation sensor identifier, a location (e.g., restroom) identifier, a facility identifier, and/or any other information pertinent to the dispenser actuation event. In systems employing compliance badges, the dispense event data may further include badge identification data received from a compliance badge within range of the dispenser actuation sensor module at the time of the dispense event.
Activation event data 196 stores all of the activation event records received from toilet/urinal activation sensors 150A-150N from each facility 110A-110N. The activation event data may include but is not limited to a time stamp identifying the date and time of the activation event, a toilet/urinal identifier, a toilet/urinal activation sensor identifier, a location (e.g., restroom) identifier, a facility identifier, and/or any other information pertinent to the toilet/urinal activation event. In systems employing compliance badges, the activation event data may further include badge identification data received from a compliance badge within range of the toilet/urinal activation sensor module at the time of the activation event.
Reports/analysis data 198 stores some or all of the results of analysis executed by hand hygiene analysis module 184 and/or hand hygiene reporting/service module 186. Reports may be generated, for example, during provision of a hand hygiene compliance monitoring service under control of reporting/service module 186 to authorized employees at one or more of the facilities 110A-110N. For example, a user working from a user computing device 170 (which may be local to or remotely located from the facility itself) may access the hand hygiene compliance monitoring service provided by remote computing system 180 and reporting/service module 186 to request hand hygiene compliance reports that provide detailed information and analysis of the hand hygiene compliance at the one or more facilities 110A-110N. Access to the hand hygiene compliance monitoring service may be accessed via a username and password, and any reports generated may be associated with the user and stored as reports 198 for future access.
Network 160 represents any public or private communications network, for instance, cellular, Wi-Fi, and/or other types of wired or wireless networks, for transmitting data between computing systems, servers, and computing devices. Local computing systems 112A-112N, remote user computing devices 170 and/or remote computing system 180 may exchange data, via network 160, with each other to provide a hand hygiene compliance monitoring service that is accessible to local computing system 112A-112N and/or remote user computing devices 170 when such computing systems and devices are connected to network 160.
Network 160 may include one or more network hubs, network switches, network routers, repeaters, or any other network equipment, that are operatively inter-coupled thereby providing for the exchange of information between systems/computing devices 112, 170 and 180. Local computing system 112A-112N, user computing devices 170, and remote computing system 180 may transmit and receive data across network 160 using any suitable communication techniques. Local computing systems 112A-112N, user computing devices 170, and remote computing system 180 may each be operatively coupled to network 160 using respective network links. The links coupling local computing systems 112A-112N, user computing devices 170, and remote computing system 180 to network 130 may be Ethernet or other types of network connections and such connections may be wireless and/or wired connections.
Local computing system 160 and remote computing system 180 may represent any suitable computing systems, such as one or more desktop computers, laptop computers, mainframes, servers, cloud computing systems, etc. capable of sending and receiving information both to and from a network, such as network 160. Remote computing system 180 may host (or at least provides access to) a hand hygiene compliance monitoring service. In some examples, remote computing system 180 represents a cloud-based computing system that provides access to their respective services via a cloud computing network.
User computing devices 170 may represent one or more individual mobile or non-mobile computing devices. Examples of a user computing device 170 include a mobile phone, a tablet computer, a laptop computer, a desktop computer, a server, a mainframe, a set-top box, a television, a wearable device (e.g., a computerized watch, computerized eyewear, computerized gloves, etc.), a home automation device or system (e.g., an intelligent thermostat or home assistant device), a personal digital assistant (PDA), a gaming system, a media player, an e-book reader, a mobile television platform, an automobile navigation or infotainment system, or any other type of mobile, non-mobile, wearable, and non-wearable computing device configured to communicate and receive information via a network, such as network 160.
Remote computing system 180 may communicate with user computing devices 170 and/or devices in the local computing systems 112A-112N via network 160 to give computing devices 170 or local computing systems 112A-112N access to the hand hygiene compliance monitoring service provided by remote computing system 180.
Hand hygiene reporting module 186 may generate a variety of reports that present the analyzed data for use by the person(s) responsible for overseeing hand hygiene compliance at each location or facility 110A-110N. Reporting module 186 may generate a variety of reports to provide users local to each facility 110A-110N or users of remote computing devices 170 with both qualitative and quantitative data regarding hand hygiene compliance at their location or facility, and/or to compare data over time to determine whether improvement has occurred. Reporting module 186 may also allow users to benchmark hand hygiene compliance at multiple facilities.
For example, reporting application 186 may generate one or more reports concerning hand hygiene compliance at the facility. The reports may include a comparison of hand hygiene opportunities and compliant hand hygiene opportunities at the facility over time to determine whether improvement in hand hygiene practices has occurred. Reporting application 186 may also generate one or more reports including hand hygiene opportunity/compliance data at multiple facilities.
Local computing systems 112A-112N (FIG. 1) or an associated datastore may also store the above-described hand hygiene data associated with that facility. Local computing system 112A-112N and/or user computing devices 170 may also include local analysis and reporting applications such as those described above with respect to analysis module 184 and reporting module 186. In that case, reports associated with that particular facility may be generated and viewed locally, if desired. In another example, all analysis and reporting functions are carried out remotely at remote computing system 100, and reports may be requested, accessed, viewed, downloaded or otherwise obtained remotely. In other examples, some of the local computing systems 112A-112N may include local storage and/or analysis and reporting functions while other of the local computing systems 112A-112N may rely on remote storage and/or analysis and reporting. Thus, although the general case of data being stored and analysis/reporting being carried out and provided by the server computing system 180 is described herein, it shall be understood that these storage, analysis and reporting functions may also be carried out locally or at some other location, and that the disclosure is not limited in this respect.
Reporting module 186 may generate many different types of reports and present the raw data and/or the results of the analysis in many different ways during provision of the hand hygiene compliance monitoring service. Reporting module 186 may permit the user to request reports that convey the data in a variety of different ways. For example, reporting module 186 may permit a user to select a particular format (text, graphs, tables, combinations thereof, etc.); select by data type (dispense event data, activation event data, etc.); select by time, time period, or date; select by shift, department, facility or multiple facilities; by percent compliance (for example, to select or rank by highest, lowest or average compliance); or to create and generate reports based on nearly any data collected and stored by hand hygiene compliance system 100. In systems where compliance badges are used, the reporting module 186 may generate reports based on compliance badge identification data or employee identification data; and may permit a user to generate and view hand hygiene compliance data on a per employee/user basis.
These reports may include, for example, detailed analysis and reporting on key metrics, including hand hygiene compliance department, type of department, shift, individual facility, individuals, across multiple facilities, corporate-wide, etc. The reports may benchmark current hand hygiene practices, and may include trending of various key metrics over time, identify particular problem areas (e.g., certain workday shifts, employees, or locations having unsatisfactory hand hygiene compliance) provide actionable improvement plans and assess current practices relative to best hand hygiene practices. Reports may compare highest, lowest and/or average percentage compliance by any of these breakdowns; reports compare highest, lowest and/or average number of dispense events per dispenser. Reports may present trend data showing past, present and projected future hand hygiene compliance.
The reports may indicate whether the number of dispense events per dispenser, per room, per shift, per employee, per department, per facility etc. is within acceptable limits and whether it met specified targets for dispense events for each of these parameters.
The reports may highlight particular problems areas where hand hygiene compliance thresholds are not being met. For example, the reports may identify employees, shifts, departments or facilities having hand hygiene compliance below a specified threshold. This information can help to identify where additional training or corrective action may be necessary.
The reports may also provide a summary of recommended next steps that a facility may take to improve their hand hygiene compliance results in the future. For example, suggested next steps may be given for continuous improvement and education directed toward identified employees, shifts or departments, operational processes, hand hygiene outcome efficiency, etc.
FIG. 3 is a block diagram illustrating an example implementation of a dispenser actuation sensor module 100. In this example, dispenser actuation sensor module 100 includes a controller 102, a power source 107, such as one or more batteries, an actuation or dispense event sensor 105, a transmitter/receiver module 104, and a memory or data storage device 106.
A dispense event module 103 stored in memory 106 and executed by controller 102 provides the instructions by which dispense event module 100 senses/receives a dispenser actuation signal from an associated dispenser and stores or transmits the corresponding dispense event data to a local or remote computing device for further analysis.
Dispense event sensor 105 detects actuation of the associated hand hygiene product dispenser. For example, dispense event sensor 105 may be implemented using a mechanical or electronic switch, a photo interrupter, a flex sensor, an acceleration sensor, an IR interrupter, an IR reflectance sensor, or other mechanism for detecting mechanical movement of a dispenser button or bar when manually activated by a user, detecting movement of a dispensing mechanism or pump that causes the hand hygiene product to be dispensed, optically detecting such mechanical movement(s) or optically detecting movement of dispensed product, etc. The dispense event sensor 105 may further be connected to receive one or more signals from an automatic (i.e., touchless, touch free, or hands free) hand hygiene product dispenser that is generated upon detection of presence of a user in close proximity to the dispenser or presence of a user's hands under or in close proximity to the dispenser, and/or that is generated to cause an automatic dispense mechanism or pump to dispense the hand hygiene product in response to detection of presence of the user or the user's hands. In the event of an automatic dispenser, the signal received from the dispenser may include dispenser actuation data including a time stamp for the actuation, a dispenser identifier, and other pertinent dispenser information. Alternatively, the dispenser identifier may be stored by the actuation sensor 100.
Further example automatic hand hygiene product dispensers and/or example dispenser actuation sensor modules are described in U.S. Pat. No. 8,502,680 issued Aug. 6, 2013, U.S. Pat. No. 8,395,515 issued Mar. 12, 2013, U.S. Pat. No. 8,872,665 issued Oct. 28, 2014, U.S. Pat. No. 8,842,406 issued Jul. 9, 2013, U.S. Pat. No. 8,783,511 issued Jul. 22, 2014, U.S. Pat. No. 8,564,431 issued Oct. 22, 2013, U.S. Pat. No. 8,264,343 issued Sep. 11, 2012, U.S. application Ser. No. 14/819,349 filed Aug. 5, 2015, U.S. application Ser. No. 15/406,129 filed Jan. 13, 2017, and U.S. Provisional Application No. 62/468,214 filed Mar. 7, 2017, each of which is incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.
Storage device(s) 106 stores an actuation sensor identifier 108 uniquely associated with actuation sensor module 100. The actuation sensor identifier may also include additional data associated with the actuation sensor module, such as the associated dispenser identifier, location information such as a restroom number or identifier, a facility identifier, etc., or other information that may be included in the dispense event data generated upon sensing of a dispense event.
Storage device(s) 106 further stores dispense event data 109 associated with each detected dispenser actuation event. For example, dispense event data for each dispense event may include a time stamp identifying the date and time of the dispenser actuation, a dispense event identifier or count, a dispenser identifier, an actuation sensor identifier, a location identifier, a facility identifier, and/or any other information pertinent to the dispenser actuation event. For applications in which compliance badges are used, the dispense event data may further include compliance badge identification data obtained from a compliance badge within range of the dispenser module at or near the time of the dispense event.
Transmitter/receiver 104 provides for wireless communication between actuation sensor module 100 and a local computing network. For example, transmitter/receiver 104 may be implemented IR, RF, Wi-Fi, satellite, cellular, Bluetooth, or other wireless communication techniques. However, it shall be understood that other wired or wireless communication modules and/or protocols could be used and that the disclosure is not limited in this respect. Transmitter/receiver 104 may also provide for short-range wireless communication between actuation sensor module 100 and one or more compliance badges 10. In the examples described herein, the short-range wireless communication may include distances of up to a few meters. Such relatively short transmission distances may be accomplished using any type of short-range communication techniques including short-range radio (RF) (e.g., Bluetooth, ZigBee, or ultra-wide band (UWB)) communication, infrared (IR) communication, or near field (NFC) communication techniques.
Controller 102 executes instructions stored in dispense event module 103 that control detection of dispense events, communication with one or more compliance badge(s) 10, and/or communication to and from dispense event sensor module 100 via transmitter/receiver 104. For example, upon receiving each dispenser actuation signal from dispense event sensor 105, controller 102 generates a dispense event record, including corresponding time stamp, dispenser identifier, and/or dispenser actuation sensor module identifier, and stores the dispense event record in dispense event data 109. Controller 102 may further initiate short range wireless communication in an attempt to locate any compliance badges within range of dispenser module 100, receive the associated compliance badge identification data, and store the badge identification data as part of the dispense event data. Dispense event module 103 may transmit dispense event record each time a dispense event occurs, may transmit one or more stored dispense event records on a periodic basis, or may transmit one or more dispense event records upon request from a local or remote computing device.
FIG. 4 is a block diagram illustrating an example implementation of a toilet/urinal activation sensor module 150. In this example, toilet/urinal activation sensor module 150 includes a power source 153, such as one or more batteries, an activation event sensor 155, a controller 152, a transmitter/receiver module 154, and a memory or data storage device 156.
An activation event module 159 stored in memory 156 and executed by controller 152 provides the instructions by which activation event module 150 senses/receives a dispenser actuation signal from an associated dispenser and stores or transmits the corresponding dispense event data to a local or remote computing device for further analysis.
Toilet/urinal activation event sensor 155 detects activation (e.g., flushing) of the associated toilet or urinal. For example, activation event sensor 155 may be implemented using a mechanical or electronic switch, or other mechanism for detecting mechanical movement of a toilet lever or handle when manually activated by a user, detecting movement of a toilet float, or sensing the opening or closing of a toilet/urinal flush or fill valve, or by sensing any of the above mechanical motions using a tilt sensor or vibration sensor, or by using an acoustic sensor, etc. In another example, activation event sensor 105 receives an activation signal from an automatic (i.e., touchless, touch free, or hands free) toilet flushing device.
An example automatic toilet flushing unit operates as follows. A typical automatic flushing unit includes a presence sensor that senses when a user enters its effective range. Once a user remains in the effective range for a certain minimum period of time, the unit waits for the user to step away out of the effective range, and will then initiate a flush cycle. Many units allow either the effective range and/or the minimum amount of time to be adjusted. Initiation of the flush cycle includes generation of an electronic activation signal, which may be sensed or received by a toilet/urinal activation sensor module as described herein.
Storage device 156 stores a toilet/urinal activation sensor identifier 157 that uniquely associated with activation sensor module 100. The activation sensor identifier 157 may also include additional data associated with the activation sensor module 100, such as the associated toilet/urinal identifier, a location identifier, or other information that may be included in the activation event data generated upon sensing of a toilet/urinal activation event.
Storage device 156 further stores activation event data 158 associated with each detected toilet/urinal activation event. For example, activation event data for each detected activation event may include a time stamp identifying the date and time of the toilet/urinal activation, an activation event identifier or number, a toilet/urinal identifier, an activation sensor identifier, a location identifier, a facility identifier, and/or any other information pertinent to the activation event. For applications in which compliance badges are used, the activation event data may further include compliance badge identification data obtained from a compliance badge within range of the activation module at or near the time of the activation event.
Transmitter/receiver 154 provides for wireless communication between activation sensor module 150 and a local computing network. For example, transmitter/receiver 154 may be implemented IR, RF, Wi-Fi, satellite, cellular, Bluetooth, or other wireless communication techniques. However, it shall be understood that other wired or wireless communication modules and/or protocols could be used and that the disclosure is not limited in this respect. Transmitter/receiver 154 may also provide for short-range wireless communication between activation sensor module 150 and one or more compliance badges 10. In the examples described herein, the short-range wireless communication may include distances of up to a few meters. Such relatively short transmission distances may be accomplished using any type of short-range communication techniques including short-range radio (RF) (e.g., Bluetooth, ZigBee, or ultra-wide band (UWB)) communication, infrared (IR) communication, or near field (NFC) communication techniques.
Controller 152 executes instructions stored in activation event module 159 that control detection of toilet/urinal activation events and communication to and from activation sensor module 150 via transmitter/receiver 154. For example, upon receiving each toilet/urinal activation signal from activation event sensor 155, controller 152 generates an activation event record, including corresponding time stamp, toilet/urinal identifier, and/or toilet/urinal activation sensor module identifier, and stores the activation event record in activation event data 158. Controller 152 may further initiate short-range wireless communication in an attempt to locate any compliance badges within range of activation sensor module 150, receive the associated compliance badge identification data, and store the badge identification data as part of the activation event data. Activation event module 159 may transmit activation event record each time an activation event occurs, may transmit one or more stored activation event records on a periodic basis, or may transmit one or more activation event records upon request from a local or remote computing device.
FIG. 9 is a block diagram illustrating an example implementation of a compliance badge 10. In this example, compliance badge 10 includes a power source 17, such as one or more batteries, a controller 12, a transmitter/receiver module 14, and one or more data storage device(s) 16. In some examples, compliance badge 10 may be an entirely passive device and therefore not include any type of batteries or power source, or it may include a power source and one or more active elements as shown in FIG. 9. A badge module 20 stored in storage device(s) 16 and executed by controller 12 provides the instructions by which compliance badge 10 communicates with a toilet/urinal activation sensor(s) 150 and/or dispenser actuation module(s) 100. Compliance badge 10 may further include one or more indicators 22. Indicators 22 may include one or more visual indicators or audible indicators that may be activated to communicate or invite a hand hygiene dispense event, indicate when the user has failed to perform a compliant hand hygiene event, or otherwise communicate hand hygiene status.
Transmitter/receiver 14 provides for short-range wireless communication between compliance badge 10 and one or more activation sensor module(s) 150 and/or one or more dispenser modules 100. In the examples described herein, the short-range wireless communication may include distances of up to a few meters. Such relatively short transmission distances may be accomplished using any type of short-range communication techniques including short-range radio (RF) (e.g., Bluetooth, ZigBee, or ultra-wide band (UWB)) communication, infrared (IR) communication, or near field (NFC) communication techniques.
Controller 12 executes instructions stored in badge module 20 that control communication to and from activation sensor module 150 and/or dispenser actuation module 100 via transmitter/receiver 14. For example, upon receiving each toilet/urinal activation signal from activation event sensor 155, controller 152 of activation sensor module 150 transmits a short-range interrogation signal via transmitter/receiver 154 in an attempt to locate a nearby compliance badge 10 with which to associate the dispense event. A badge 10 that is close enough to establish communication via transmitter/receiver 14 with transmitter/receiver 154 will respond to the interrogation signal and short-range communication between compliance badge 10 and activation sensor module 150 is established. Badge module 20 controls communication of the badge identification data 18 stored in storage device(s) 16 of compliance badge 10 to the activation sensor module 150. Upon receipt of badge identification data from the compliance badge 10, activation sensor module 150 associates the badge identification data with the activation event and stores the activation event record in activation event data 158.
Similarly, upon receiving each dispenser actuation signal from dispense event sensor 105, controller 102 of dispenser actuation sensor module 100 transmits a short-range interrogation signal via transmitter/receiver 104 in an attempt to locate a nearby compliance badge 10 with which to associate the dispense event. A badge 10 that is close enough to establish communication via transmitter/receiver 14 with transmitter/receiver 104 will respond to the interrogation signal and short-range communication between compliance badge 10 and dispenser actuation sensor module 100 is established. Badge module 20 controls communication of the badge identification data 18 stored in storage device(s) 16 of compliance badge 10 to dispenser actuation sensor module 100. Upon receipt of badge identification data from the compliance badge 10, dispenser actuation sensor module 100 associates the badge identification data with the dispense event data and stores the activation event record in storage device(s) 156 in dispense event data 109.
FIG. 5 is a flowchart illustrating a process by which a computing device, such as processors 182 remote computing system 180, determine whether a toilet/urinal activation event was followed by performance of a compliant hand washing procedure. For each toilet/urinal activation event (202), the computing device reviews determines whether any subsequent dispense events occurred at an associated hand hygiene product dispenser within the relevant predetermined period of time (204). If so, the activation/dispense is deemed to be a compliant hand hygiene event (206). If no such dispense event occurred within the relevant predetermined period of time, the toilet/urinal activation is determined to be noncompliant (208).
In some examples, if compliance badges are implemented, detection of an activation event (202) may further include receipt of compliance badge identification data uniquely identifying the compliance badge associated with the activation event. Similarly, in such examples, detection of a dispense event (204) may further include may further include receipt of compliance badge identification data uniquely identifying the compliance badge associated with the dispense event. For each toilet/urinal activation event (202) and associated compliance badge identification data, the computing device reviews determines whether any subsequent dispense events occurred at an associated hand hygiene product dispenser that were associated with matching compliance badge identification data within the relevant predetermined period of time (204). This is to ensure that the hand hygiene dispense event was associated with the same compliance badge (and thus, the same employee or user) with which the toilet/urinal activation event was associated. If so, the activation/dispense is deemed to be a compliant hand hygiene event (206). If no such dispense event with a matching compliance badge identification data occurred within the relevant predetermined period of time, the toilet/urinal activation is determined to be noncompliant (208).
The computing device may further determine a hand hygiene compliance score (210). In one example, the computing device determines the compliance score according to the equation:
% Hand Hygiene Compliance = Hand Hygiene Opportunities × 100 Compliant Hand Hygiene Events .
Example hand hygiene compliance scores may be determined for each toilet/urinal activation event, on a per toilet/urinal basis, a per dispenser basis, a per restroom basis, a department basis, a facility-wide basis, corporate-wide basis, or other location-based measure. Example hand hygiene compliance scores may also be determined by time period, workday shift, day, week, month, or other time-based measure. It shall be understood, however, that other measures of hand hygiene compliance may also be used, and that the disclosure is not limited in this respect. In examples where compliance badges are implemented, hand hygiene compliance scores may further be determined by employee, employee type, department, shift, facility, or other manner of grouping employees and their associated hand hygiene data.
Using the restroom 140 of FIG. 1 as an example, assume a worker uses urinal 132B, resulting in generation of a toilet/urinal activation event signal by toilet/urinal activation sensor module 150C. Assume for purposes of this example that the system does not make use of compliance badges. The worker then dispenses hand hygiene product using dispenser 120B, resulting in generation of a dispense event signal by dispenser actuation module 100B. To determine whether performance of the hand hygiene procedure at dispenser 120B was compliant (ref. num. 204 of FIG. 5), processor(s) 182 may compare the time stamp for the activation event with the time stamp for the dispense event to determine whether the dispense event occurred within the predetermined period of time from the activation event. Processor(s) 182 would further determine whether the dispenser 120B and/or the dispenser actuation sensor module 100B are associated with urinal 132B and/or toilet/urinal activation sensor module 150C. If both of these are answered in the affirmative, processor(s) 182 would determine that the urinal activation event was followed by a compliant hand hygiene dispense event. However, if the dispense event did not occur at an associated dispenser until after the predetermined period of time had elapsed, or if no dispense event occurred, the urinal activation event would be determined to be non-compliant. Similarly, if a dispense event occurred within the predetermined period of time but it did not occur at one of the dispensers associated with the toilet/urinal, the urinal activation would be determined to be non-compliant.
In another example using the restroom 140 of FIG. 1 as an example, assume a worker 11 wearing or carrying an associated compliance badge 10 uses urinal 132B, resulting in generation of a toilet/urinal activation event signal by toilet/urinal activation sensor module 150C. During and shortly following activation of toilet/urinal 132B, worker 11 is close enough to activation sensor module 150C such that activation sensor module 150C can establish short-range communication with compliance badge 10, and receives the compliance badge identification data from compliance badge 10. The worker then dispenses hand hygiene product using dispenser 120B, resulting in generation of a dispense event signal by dispenser actuation module 100B. During and shortly following actuation of dispenser 120B, worker 11 is close enough to actuation sensor module 100B such that actuation sensor module 100B can establish short-range communication with compliance badge 10, and receives the compliance badge identification data from compliance badge 10. To determine whether performance of the hand hygiene procedure at dispenser 120B was compliant (ref num. 204 of FIG. 5), processor(s) 182 may compare the time stamp for the activation event with the time stamp for the dispense event to determine whether the dispense event occurred within the predetermined period of time from the activation event. Processor(s) 182 would further determine whether the dispenser 120B and/or the dispenser actuation sensor module 100B are associated with urinal 132B and/or toilet/urinal activation sensor module 150C. Processor(s) 182 would further compare the badge identification data associated with the dispense event with the badge identification data associated with the toilet/urinal activation event. If all of these are answered in the affirmative, processor(s) 182 would determine that the urinal activation event was followed by a compliant hand hygiene dispense event (206). However, if the dispense event did not occur at an associated dispenser until after the predetermined period of time had elapsed, or if no dispense event occurred, the toilet/urinal activation event would be determined to be non-compliant (208). Similarly, if a dispense event occurred within the predetermined period of time but it did not occur at one of the dispensers associated with the toilet/urinal, or if the badge identification data did not match, the urinal activation would be determined to be non-compliant (208).
FIG. 6 is a table showing toilet/urinal activation event data and dispense event data for an example individual restroom. Compliance badge data is not shown in this example. The restroom includes a single toilet having a uniquely associated toilet activation sensor denoted by Sensor Number 1 (or simply, Sensor 1). The restroom also includes two urinals having uniquely associated activation sensors denoted by Sensor 2 and Sensor 3. The restroom further includes one hand hygiene product dispenser having a uniquely associated dispenser actuation sensor denoted by Sensor 11. The Device ID indicates whether the device in question is a toilet/urinal, which are denoted in this example by Device ID 100, or a hand hygiene product dispenser, which are denoted in this example by Device ID 2. Different types of hand hygiene product dispensers may be given different Device ID numbers. Likewise, toilets/urinals may be given different Device ID numbers in different examples.
In this case, because the toilet, urinals, and dispenser are in the same restroom, they are associated with each other in the sense that dispense events occurring at dispenser Sensor 11 may result in a compliant hand wash if they occur within the predetermined period of time of activation events detected by any one of sensors Sensor 1, Sensor 2, or Sensor 3. In other words, for example, the Sensor 1, Sensor 2 and Sensor 3 may be associated in memory with Sensor 11 at the remote computing system 180 of FIG. 2, and these associations may be stored in hand hygiene system data 192, which stores the information concerning the number and identification of each fixture (toilet, urinal) and hand hygiene product dispenser in a restroom, department, building, facility and/or corporation, and also stores information concerning which fixtures are associated with each other for purposes of identifying compliant and/or non-compliant hand hygiene opportunities.
The row labeled “Count” includes an absolute count of the total number of activations or actuations that have occurred since the sensor was installed. Thus, for example, in the first row, Sensor 2 has sensed a total of 124 urinal activations since it was installed. In row 2, Sensor 11 has sensed a total of 17,294 dispenser actuations since it was installed. The row labeled “Adjusted Count” may include, for example, the total activations or actuations that have been sensed so far in a particular time period. For example, the Adjusted Count may be reset to zero at midnight (or other defined time) each day, so that the Adjusted Count records the total number of activations/actuations sensed so far that day.
The far-right column indicates whether the toilet/urinal activation event recorded in that row were compliant (Y) or non-compliant (N). For example, the activation event detected at a urinal associated with Sensor 2 recorded in the first row of the table as indicated by reference numeral 220 was determined to be compliant, as indicated by the Y in the far-right column of that row. This is because a compliant dispense event at a hand hygiene product dispenser associated with Sensor 11 occurred at time 2:00:21 PM, which is 15 seconds after the activation event time stamp of 2:00:16 PM, which in this example is within the acceptable predetermined period of time (assuming, for purposes of this example that the predetermined period of time for a compliant dispense event is 3-120 seconds after a urinal activation). Similarly, the activation events recorded in rows indicated by reference numerals 222, 224, and 226 were also followed by compliant dispense events.
The activation event at row 230, which was detected at Sensor 2 at time 2:21:26 PM, is followed by a dispense event detected at Sensor 11 at time 2:24:00 PM. This is 2 minutes and 34 seconds (154 seconds) after the activation event, which is outside the predetermined period of time (assuming, for purposes of this example, that the predetermined period of time for a compliant dispense event is 5-120 seconds after a toilet activation). Thus, the activation event at row 230 is determined to be non-compliant as denoted by the N in the far-right column of row 230.
The activation event at row 232 is not followed by a dispense event within the predetermined period of time, and is therefore non-compliant.
The activation at row 234 which occurred at time 2:38:30 PM is followed by a dispense event 236 occurring at time 2:38:32 PM, and is therefore compliant. It is also followed by another dispense event 238 which occurred at time 2:45:33 PM. This dispense event 238 may be due to someone entering the restroom to wash their hands but who did not use the restroom facilities, and because a compliant dispense event was already identified, may be ignored.
The activations at rows 242 and 244 are both determined to be compliant activation events. The activation event at row 242 has a compliant dispense event recorded in row 246 (a time difference of 104 seconds, which is within the acceptable predetermined time limit of 120 seconds in this example), and the activation event at row 244 has a compliant dispense event recorded in row 248 (a time difference of 26 seconds, which is within the acceptable predetermined time limit of 120 seconds in this example).
The activation event recorded at row 250 is followed by a compliant dispense event recorded at row 252 (a time difference of 6 seconds). Additional dispense events are recorded as indicated by reference numerals 256 and 258; however, because a compliant dispense event was already detected, these are not associated with a detected activation event and may be ignored in this example.
Multiple dispenser actuations may also be observed when a user dispense hand hygiene product more than once per wash. However, as long as a dispense event occurs within the predetermined period of time for each activation event, the remaining dispenser actuations may be ignored for purposes of determining whether a toilet/urinal activation event was followed by a compliant dispense event.
FIG. 7 is an example graph showing toilet/urinal activations and dispenser actuation events detected for a particular restroom in 30-minute intervals over the course of a typical workday (in this case, from about 6:00:00 AM to 6:30:00 PM). Compliance badge data is not shown in FIG. 7. This graph shows a general trend of frequency of use during the observed period, during which higher use and lower use times are visible. Insights from this data could provide recommended times for cleaning a facility without too much disruption to traffic flow.
FIG. 8 is an example graph showing average compliance for each 30-minute interval over the course of a typical work day for the data of FIG. 7. Compliance badge data is not shown in this example. The number compliant or “good” hand hygiene opportunities and the number of non-compliant or “bad” hand hygiene opportunities is also shown for each 30-minute interval. In this example, heavier traffic seemed to result in a dip in compliance, and there is also a drop in compliance at the end of the work day. If the compliance were calculated or averaged over the entire day, the drop in compliance at certain times of day would not be noticed. This data may be used to recommend training sessions for employees that emphasize performance of compliant hand hygiene procedures at certain times of the day to improve compliance at those times of day in the future.
EXAMPLES Example 1
A system that monitors hand hygiene compliance at a facility, comprising an activation sensor module that senses activation of a toilet/urinal and transmits corresponding activation event data including an activation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal, the activation event data identifying an associated hand hygiene opportunity; a dispenser actuation sensor module that senses actuation of a hand hygiene product dispenser and transmits corresponding dispense event data including a dispenser actuation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser; and a computing device that receives the activation event data and the dispense event data and determines whether the hand hygiene opportunity was compliant with one or more hand hygiene compliance rules, the compliance rules including a predetermined period of time within which actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser must occur subsequent to the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal in order for the computing device to determine that the hand hygiene opportunity is compliant.
Example 2
The system of Example 1, further including a plurality of dispenser actuation sensors, each associated with a different one of a plurality of hand hygiene product dispensers located throughout a facility, the compliance rules further including an association between the activation sensor module and at least one of the plurality of hand hygiene product dispensers, such that actuation of at least one of the associated dispensers must occur within the predetermined period of time subsequent to the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal in order for the computing device to determine that the hand hygiene opportunity is compliant.
Example 3
The system of Example 2, further including a plurality of activation sensor modules, each associated with a different one of a plurality of toilet/urinals.
Example 4
The system of Example 2, wherein the association between the activation sensor module and the at least one of the plurality of hand hygiene product dispensers is based on their installation in the same restroom.
Example 5
The system of Example 1, wherein the remote computing system further includes a reporting application that generates reports concerning hand hygiene compliance at the facility.
Example 6
The system of Example 1, wherein the remote computing system further permits users to remotely request and receive the reports.
Example 7
The system of Example 1, wherein the remote computing system generates a compliance score according to the equation:
% Hand Hygiene Compliance = Hand Hygiene Opportunities × 100 Compliant Hand Hygiene Events .
Example 8
The system of Example 1, wherein the hand hygiene product dispenser dispenses one of a hand soap, a hand sanitizer, a hand rub, or an aqueous solution.
Example 9
The system of Example 1 wherein the hand hygiene product dispenser dispenses one of a liquid, a gel, a lotion, or a foam.
Example 10
The system of Example 1 further comprising a compliance badge including a badge module that stores badge identification data uniquely associated with a user, and that communicates the badge identification data to the toilet/urinal activation sensor upon, wherein the toilet/urinal activation sensor stores the badge identification data as part of the activation event data and the dispenser actuation sensor module stores the badge identification data as part of the dispenser data.
Example 11
The system of Example 10 wherein the compliance rules include a predetermined period of time within which actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser associated with the badge identification data must occur subsequent to the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal associated with the badge identification data in order for the computing device to determine that the hand hygiene opportunity is compliant.
Example 12
A system that monitors hand hygiene compliance at a facility, comprising an activation sensor module that senses activation of a toilet/urinal and transmits corresponding activation event data including an activation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal, the activation event data identifying an associated hand hygiene opportunity; a dispenser actuation sensor module that senses actuation of a hand hygiene product dispenser and transmits corresponding dispense event data including a dispenser actuation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser; and a computing device that receives the activation event data and the dispense event data and determines whether the dispense event occurred within a predetermined period of time of the activation event to determine whether the hand hygiene opportunity was a compliant hand hygiene opportunity.
Example 13
The system of Example 12 wherein the computing device further associates the toilet/urinal with one or more hand hygiene product dispensers based on the toilet/urinal and the one or more hand hygiene product dispensers being located in the same restroom, and further wherein the computing device further determines whether the dispense event occurred at one of the one or more associated hand hygiene product dispensers to determine whether the hand hygiene opportunity was a compliant hand hygiene opportunity.
Example 14
The system of Example 12 wherein the remote computing system generates a compliance score based on the activation event data and the dispense event data.
Example 15
The system of Example 14 wherein the remote computing system generates the compliance score according to the equation:
% Hand Hygiene Compliance = Hand Hygiene Opportunities × 100 Compliant Hand Hygiene Events .
Example 16
The system of Example 12 further comprising a plurality of toilet/urinal activation modules, each uniquely associated with a different one of a plurality of toilet/urinals; a plurality of dispenser actuation modules, each uniquely associated with a different one of a plurality of hand hygiene product dispensers, and the computing device further determines a compliance score based on a plurality of activation events received from the toilet/urinal activation modules and based on a plurality of dispense events received from the dispenser actuation modules.
Example 17
The system of Example 16 wherein the compliance score is determined on a per toilet/urinal basis, a per hand hygiene product dispenser basis, a per restroom basis, a department basis, a facility-wide basis, or a corporate-wide basis.
Example 18
The system of Example 16 wherein the compliance score is determined based on a time period, a workday shift, a day, a week, a month, or a year.
Example 19
The system of Example 12 wherein the predetermined period of time is based at least in part on a distance between the toilet/urinal and the hand hygiene product dispenser.
Example 20
The system of Example 12 wherein the predetermined period of time is based at least in part on dimension of a room in which the toilet/urinal and the hand hygiene dispenser are located.
Example 21
The system of Example 12 wherein the predetermined period of time is based at least in part on a number of hand hygiene product dispensers.
Example 22
The system of Example 12 wherein the predetermined period of time is based at least in part on preferred hand hygiene practices of the facility.
Example 23
A method of monitoring hand hygiene compliance at a facility, comprising sensing activation of a toilet/urinal and transmitting corresponding activation event data including an activation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal, the activation event data identifying an associated hand hygiene opportunity; sensing actuation of a hand hygiene product dispenser and transmitting corresponding dispense event data including a dispenser actuation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser; associating, by a computing device, the toilet/urinal with one or more hand hygiene product dispensers based on the toilet/urinal and the one or more hand hygiene product dispensers being located in the same restroom; and determining, the computing device, whether the hand hygiene opportunity was a compliant hand hygiene opportunity, including determining, by the computing device, whether the dispense event occurred within a predetermined period of time of the activation event; and determining, by the computing device, whether the dispense event occurred at one of the one or more associated hand hygiene product dispensers.
Example 24
The method of Example 23 further comprising generating a report concerning hand hygiene compliance at the facility, wherein the report includes a comparison of hand hygiene opportunities and compliant hand hygiene opportunities at the facility over time to determine whether improvement in hand hygiene practices has occurred.
Example 25
The method of Example 23 further comprising generating a report including hand hygiene data at multiple facilities.
Example 26
The method of Example 23 further comprising receiving, by the computing device, first badge identification data that uniquely identifies a first one of a plurality of users from a first compliance badge associated with the activation event; receiving, by the computing device, second badge identification that uniquely identifies a second one of a plurality of users from a second compliance badge associated with the dispense event; comparing, by the computing device, the first badge identification data with the second badge identification data; and determining, by the computing device, whether the hand hygiene opportunity was a compliant hand hygiene opportunity if the first badge identification data matches the second badge identification data.
Various examples have been described. These and other examples are within the scope of the following claims.

Claims (26)

The invention claimed is:
1. A system that monitors hand hygiene compliance at a facility, comprising:
an activation sensor module that senses activation of a toilet/urinal and transmits corresponding activation event data including an activation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal, the activation event data identifying an associated hand hygiene opportunity;
a dispenser actuation sensor module that senses actuation of a hand hygiene product dispenser and transmits corresponding dispense event data including a dispenser actuation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser; and
a computing device that receives the activation event data and the dispense event data and determines whether the hand hygiene opportunity was compliant with one or more hand hygiene compliance rules,
the compliance rules including a predetermined period of time within which actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser must occur subsequent to the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal in order for the computing device to determine that the hand hygiene opportunity is compliant.
2. The system of claim 1, further including a plurality of dispenser actuation sensors, each associated with a different one of a plurality of hand hygiene product dispensers located throughout a facility,
the compliance rules further including an association between the activation sensor module and at least one of the plurality of hand hygiene product dispensers, such that actuation of at least one of the associated dispensers must occur within the predetermined period of time subsequent to the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal in order for the computing device to determine that the hand hygiene opportunity is compliant.
3. The system of claim 2, further including a plurality of activation sensor modules, each associated with a different one of a plurality of toilet/urinals.
4. The system of claim 2, wherein the association between the activation sensor module and the at least one of the plurality of hand hygiene product dispensers is based on their installation in the same restroom.
5. The system of claim 1, wherein the remote computing system further includes a reporting application that generates reports concerning hand hygiene compliance at the facility.
6. The system of claim 1, wherein the remote computing system further permits users to remotely request and receive the reports.
7. The system of claim 1, wherein the remote computing system generates a compliance score according to the equation:
% Hand Hygiene Compliance = Hand Hygiene Opportunities × 100 Compliant Hand Hygiene Events .
8. The system of claim 1, wherein the hand hygiene product dispenser dispenses one of a hand soap, a hand sanitizer, a hand rub, or an aqueous solution.
9. The system of claim 1 wherein the hand hygiene product dispenser dispenses one of a liquid, a gel, a lotion, or a foam.
10. The system of claim 1 further comprising:
a compliance badge including a badge module that stores badge identification data uniquely associated with a user, and that communicates the badge identification data to the toilet/urinal activation sensor upon,
wherein the toilet/urinal activation sensor stores the badge identification data as part of the activation event data and the dispenser actuation sensor module stores the badge identification data as part of the dispenser data.
11. The system of claim 10 wherein the compliance rules include a predetermined period of time within which actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser associated with the badge identification data must occur subsequent to the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal associated with the badge identification data in order for the computing device to determine that the hand hygiene opportunity is compliant.
12. A system that monitors hand hygiene compliance at a facility, comprising:
an activation sensor module that senses activation of a toilet/urinal and transmits corresponding activation event data including an activation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal, the activation event data identifying an associated hand hygiene opportunity;
a dispenser actuation sensor module that senses actuation of a hand hygiene product dispenser and transmits corresponding dispense event data including a dispenser actuation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser; and
a computing device that receives the activation event data and the dispense event data and determines whether the dispense event occurred within a predetermined period of time of the activation event to determine whether the hand hygiene opportunity was a compliant hand hygiene opportunity.
13. The system of claim 12 wherein the computing device further associates the toilet/urinal with one or more hand hygiene product dispensers based on the toilet/urinal and the one or more hand hygiene product dispensers being located in the same restroom, and further wherein the computing device further determines whether the dispense event occurred at one of the one or more associated hand hygiene product dispensers to determine whether the hand hygiene opportunity was a compliant hand hygiene opportunity.
14. The system of claim 12 wherein the remote computing system generates a compliance score based on the activation event data and the dispense event data.
15. The system of claim 14 wherein the remote computing system generates the compliance score according to the equation:
% Hand Hygiene Compliance = Hand Hygiene Opportunities × 100 Compliant Hand Hygiene Events .
16. The system of claim 12 further comprising:
a plurality of toilet/urinal activation modules, each uniquely associated with a different one of a plurality of toilet/urinals;
a plurality of dispenser actuation modules, each uniquely associated with a different one of a plurality of hand hygiene product dispensers,
and the computing device further determines a compliance score based on a plurality of activation events received from the toilet/urinal activation modules and based on a plurality of dispense events received from the dispenser actuation modules.
17. The system of claim 16 wherein the compliance score is determined on a per toilet/urinal basis, a per hand hygiene product dispenser basis, a per restroom basis, a department basis, a facility-wide basis, or a corporate-wide basis.
18. The system of claim 16 wherein the compliance score is determined based on a time period, a workday shift, a day, a week, a month, or a year.
19. The system of claim 12 wherein the predetermined period of time is based at least in part on a distance between the toilet/urinal and the hand hygiene product dispenser.
20. The system of claim 12 wherein the predetermined period of time is based at least in part on dimension of a room in which the toilet/urinal and the hand hygiene dispenser are located.
21. The system of claim 12 wherein the predetermined period of time is based at least in part on a number of hand hygiene product dispensers.
22. The system of claim 12 wherein the predetermined period of time is based at least in part on preferred hand hygiene practices of the facility.
23. A method of monitoring hand hygiene compliance at a facility, comprising:
sensing activation of a toilet/urinal and transmitting corresponding activation event data including an activation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed activation of the toilet/urinal, the activation event data identifying an associated hand hygiene opportunity;
sensing actuation of a hand hygiene product dispenser and transmitting corresponding dispense event data including a dispenser actuation sensor identifier and a date and time associated with the sensed actuation of the hand hygiene product dispenser;
associating, by a computing device, the toilet/urinal with one or more hand hygiene product dispensers based on the toilet/urinal and the one or more hand hygiene product dispensers being located in the same restroom; and
determining, the computing device, whether the hand hygiene opportunity was a compliant hand hygiene opportunity, including:
determining, by the computing device, whether the dispense event occurred within a predetermined period of time of the activation event; and
determining, by the computing device, whether the dispense event occurred at one of the one or more associated hand hygiene product dispensers.
24. The method of claim 23 further comprising generating a report concerning hand hygiene compliance at the facility, wherein the report includes a comparison of hand hygiene opportunities and compliant hand hygiene opportunities at the facility over time to determine whether improvement in hand hygiene practices has occurred.
25. The method of claim 23 further comprising generating a report including hand hygiene data at multiple facilities.
26. The method of claim 23 further comprising:
receiving, by the computing device, first badge identification data that uniquely identifies a first one of a plurality of users from a first compliance badge associated with the activation event;
receiving, by the computing device, second badge identification that uniquely identifies a second one of a plurality of users from a second compliance badge associated with the dispense event;
comparing, by the computing device, the first badge identification data with the second badge identification data; and
determining, by the computing device, whether the hand hygiene opportunity was a compliant hand hygiene opportunity if the first badge identification data matches the second badge identification data.
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