US1040400A - Production of leather. - Google Patents

Production of leather. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1040400A
US1040400A US1907355945A US1040400A US 1040400 A US1040400 A US 1040400A US 1907355945 A US1907355945 A US 1907355945A US 1040400 A US1040400 A US 1040400A
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Prior art keywords
leather
skin
prepared
acid
tanning
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Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Ernest Edward Munro Payne
Original Assignee
William Henry Staynes
John Hardy Smith
Walter Henry Sturges
Ernest Edward Munro Payne
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C14SKINS; HIDES; PELTS; LEATHER
    • C14CCHEMICAL TREATMENT OF HIDES, SKINS OR LEATHER, e.g. TANNING, IMPREGNATING, FINISHING; APPARATUS THEREFOR; COMPOSITIONS FOR TANNING
    • C14C3/00Tanning; Compositions for tanning
    • C14C3/02Chemical tanning
    • C14C3/08Chemical tanning by organic agents
    • C14C3/10Vegetable tanning

Description

I UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

' pounds thereof. A

nmms'r nnwann '10 WILLIAM HENRY STUBGES, 0F LEICESTER, ENGLAND.

MUNRO PAYNE, OF AYLESBURY, ENGLAND, STAYNES, JOHN HARDY SMITH,

ASSIGNOR or ONE-HALF AND wanrnn HENRY PRODUCTION OF LEATHER.

1,040,400. No Original application flied September Specification of Letters Patent.

28, 1904, Serial No. 226,024. Divided and this applica- Patented Oct. 8; 1912.

ti'on flied February 5, 1907. Serial No. 355,945.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ERNEST EDWARD Monro PAYNE, a subject of the King of England, and residing at Aylesbury, in the countyof Buckingham, England, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in the Production of Leather, of which the following is a specification.

The resent invention relates to improvements in the. production of leather, and is divided from the application Serial No.

226,024, filed September 28, 1904.

The characteristic feature of this invention is the use, in the production of leather, of a solution of humus which consists of humic acid, ulmic acid and certain comconvenient source of this material, which in practice is found useful and advantageous, 1s peat or turf, such as -is used for fuel and other purposes, and

-,which is generally known and widely distributed in nature.

According to this invention, in producing leather from skin, the skin is prepared as for tannin and is thereafter treated with a solution 0 humus in alkali and with an acid. For example, the prepared skin may be treated with a solution extracted from peat by an alkali, and also with an acid.

In order to produce leather of good commercial quality according to this invention, the skins are prepared in the usual way for tanning, that 1s to say, the ordinary methods of soaking and liming are used in the preparation of the raw hides or skins for the purpose of unhairing and swelling, and,

after the usual mechanical and washing processes have taken place, the hides are ated in the ordinary manner according to the final result desired. Having obtamed the hides or skins in this prepared state, they are then submitted to the act-ion of the humus-containing extract or material, which is preferably prepared as follows :Ordinary peat is comminuted or disintegrated and is macerated in a solution of alkali, such as a solution of caustic soda, caustic potash, alkaline carbonate or the like (preerably caustic soda solution of about 1% strength). This treatment takes place at the ordinary atmospheric temperature, the amount of peat varying according to its age and com gallons of iquor are employed for 100 pounds of peat. Digestion is allowed to take lace during 48 to 7 2 hours, after which the iquor is pressed out and allowed to drain or percolate so that a fairly clear or bright product is obtained. This liquor is general y slightly alkaline in reaction but sometimes neutral. It may be treated with a suit-able quantity of acid, such as sulfuric acid, to neutralize the liquor without rccipitating the humus therefrom. prepared as for tanning, as above described, are immersed in or treated with this liquor in the same way as a treated with a tanning solution and when suiiicient penetration and saturation has occurred, the hides or skins are subsequently treated with a bath of acid, and leather is thereby produced and can be finished in the ordinary manner.

The process of producing leather de; scribed above, may also be used in What is known as combination tanning, i. c. where several leatherreducing agents are employed together, an a very great variety of valuable and useful leather is produced by various combinations, that is to say, the skins prepared as for tanning may be treated with a solution extracted from peat by an alkali and with an acid and with a tanning agent.

I claim:-

1. Process for producing leather from skin which consists 111 first preparin the The 5 (ins skin is generally skin as for tanning and thereupon sulijecting the re ared skin to' the combined action of an al (all peat-extract and a neutralizing agent,

2. Process for producing leather from skin .which consists in first preparing the skin as for tanning and thereupon soaking the prepared skin In an alkali peat extract and then treating the skin with a neutralizing agent.

3. rocess for producing leather from skin which consists in first preparing the skin as for tanning and thereupon soaking the prepared skin in an alkali peat extract andr then treating the skin with an acid.

4. Process for producing leather from hide as for tannin impregnatin the prepared hide in an a ali solution 0 peat and subjecting the hide to an acid solution, whereby the humus will be precipitated into 5 the fibers of the leather.

5. Process for producing leather from hides which consists in preparing the hides as for tanning subjecting the prepared hides to the combined action of an alkalipeat extract and neutralizing acid, together with 10 any leather producing agent.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses. I

ERNEST EDWARD MUNROPKYNE;

Witnesses:

WALTER W. BALL, F. Hoon.

US1040400A 1904-09-26 1907-02-05 Production of leather. Expired - Lifetime US1040400A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US899800A US899800A (en) 1904-09-26 1904-09-26 Tanning extract from peat.
US1040400A US1040400A (en) 1904-09-28 1907-02-05 Production of leather.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1040400A US1040400A (en) 1904-09-28 1907-02-05 Production of leather.

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US1040400A true US1040400A (en) 1912-10-08

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US1040400A Expired - Lifetime US1040400A (en) 1904-09-26 1907-02-05 Production of leather.

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