US103888A - Improvement in patterns tor castings - Google Patents

Improvement in patterns tor castings Download PDF

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US103888A
US103888A US103888DA US103888A US 103888 A US103888 A US 103888A US 103888D A US103888D A US 103888DA US 103888 A US103888 A US 103888A
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patterns
pattern
castings
plaster
improvement
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22CFOUNDRY MOULDING
    • B22C7/00Patterns; Manufacture thereof so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B22C7/02Lost patterns

Description

. tion of the plaster pattern.V
l dient @dillllt Janus t. JACKSON, or NEW Yoan, N. Y.
Letters Patent No. 103,888, dated .Tune 7,1870.
.-OOF-f--u- IMPROVEMENT IN PATTERNS FOR CASTINGS.
The Schedule referred to in these Letters Patent and making part of the same.
To all whom it may concerm.
Be it known that I, JAMES L. JACKSQN, of the city and State of New York, have invented and made an Improvement in Patterns for Castings, andthe following is declared to be a correct description of the same.
Patterns for architectural work, such as lintels, columns, door and window-casings, sills, &c, have heretofore usually been made out of wood. In some instances they have been carved out, and in this form there is great difl'iculty in-obtainin g uniformity of thickness. In other cases the separate pieces of wood'have been united; but with curved and other moldings the labor is very great in making these patterns, and they are not of uniform thickness; besides this the wood war-ps, loses its shape,craeks, and the metal pattern cast from thel mold of the wooden pattern is never as true and sharp as desirable.
The object of my inventionY is to lessen the cost of making patterns, and to insure their accuracy, sharpness, and uniformity of thickness, and at the same time expedite the construction and lessen the labor.
I make the first vpattern of plaster, or sect-ions of plaster pnt together, and from the pattern I make a mold and casting in iron, or any other metal, and dress the same up lfor use, where there are several cast-ings to be made of the same kind. Thus my invention is to bepunderstood as relating to theproduc-` I provide platesof metal, cut ont into the sectional shape of the pattern to be produced, there being in all instances two plates to each meniber or portion of the pattern, and these are'provided. with corresponding screw-holes or other devices,^soras to' be attached to the same wooden sweep or block, and these plates are exactly the same, with the exception that the outlines of the operative edges of one andthe outlines of the operative edges of the other-,when the two plates are laid together, as seen' in Figures 1 and 3, will be nearly parallel to each other, so vthat there will be between one andthe other a space'corresponding to the thickness ofthe pattern to be produced.
I t is now to be understood that a door-post or jamb, or similar pattern, can be' formed by making .a plaster shape upon a board or block of wood, the workman using the metal plate a in a manner similar to the running cf a cornice in a building. When this plaster shape or foundation is dry it is to be coated over with shellac varnish or other material, and then the surface is gone over a second time with the plate b, and a plaster pattern 4is thereby produced of the thickness corresponding to the ydifferences in the outlines of the operative edges of the plates a and b, and -in this way patterns of the greatest uniformity and accuracy can be produced.'
After the plaster pattern is dry it will be found to have separated from the; plaster` shape or foundation, or it may be easily separated, and is to be coated with shellac or other material.
The plaster foundation may be greased, to facilitate the separation of the plaster pattern.
The plaster patterns, or sections of patterns, can be made in this manner with great rapidity and uniformity, and patterns for various portions of buildings or other castings can be `thus produced. For instance, a straight door-jamb can be made only of plaster, as aforesaid, the ends being sawed off at the proper lengths'7 and flanges or other devices, for sustaining or attaching, being glued on as usual.
Patterns made as aforesaid can be mitered, to form. frames for doors, windows, making lintels or sills.
I have shown in Figures 3 and 4 the shapes or sweeps a and b, for the base form c and pattern (l, in Figure 6, and in Figures 1 and 2 the shapes or sweeps va and l1, fot the base form c and pattern Z in Figure 7, and these may be united to form a window-Caper pedilnent, as seen in Figure 5.
For curved patterns my invention is especially available. For instance, an arched pediment may be made by the use of .the shapes a b, as aforesaid; but, instead of moving them along between guide-strips, (as employed by plasterers,) .the shape is attached to a sweep, and is swung upon a fixed center, to describe the desired are ot' a circle, the two molds or shapes a b being employedsuccessively, as aforesaid.
In some cases 4a pat-tern can he made vto best advantage upon a wooden baseofa cylindrical or segmental form, the shapes or molds a b being operated. between guide-strips fastened upon such cylinder or segment in the proper' position, and in this way patterns for the circular bases of columns, or for capitals, or for spiral moldings can be produced with accuracy and rapidity.
rFhe wooden or other base may be mounted in a lathe or upon centers and rotated, the mold or shapes aand l) being used stationary,and in this way columns and cylinders can be produced with rapidity and accuracy, as illustrated by the section, Figure 8, and shapes, Figure 9.
It is to be understood' that various sections of a pattern, made separately, as aforesaid, maybe sawed or'cut so as to be united into one pattern for mold-y ing, previous to casting, and that portions of a pattern may be made in the aforesaid ni'anner, and united to carved or other patterns or portions of patterns.
That I claim as my invention, is- The method herein specified of making patterns for casting by the shapes, molds, or sweeps a b, that are employed respectively for producing a base or form of plastic material, and upon that making the pattern of plastic material, substantially as set forth.
Dated this 14th day of May, A. I). 1870.
'JAMES L. JACKSON.
Witnesses GnAs. VH. SMITH,l
GEO. T. PINCKNEY.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5221505A (en) * 1992-01-21 1993-06-22 Mcclure James B Method for molding a wall structure

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5221505A (en) * 1992-01-21 1993-06-22 Mcclure James B Method for molding a wall structure
US5281382A (en) * 1992-01-21 1994-01-25 Mcclure James B Method of making molds

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