US1002368A - Recording means for signaling devices. - Google Patents

Recording means for signaling devices. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1002368A
US1002368A US1910556050A US1002368A US 1002368 A US1002368 A US 1002368A US 1910556050 A US1910556050 A US 1910556050A US 1002368 A US1002368 A US 1002368A
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record
means
blank
road
card
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Lee S Chadwick
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Lee S Chadwick
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D59/00Accessories specially designed for sawing machines or sawing devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/647With means to convey work relative to tool station
    • Y10T83/654With work-constraining means on work conveyor [i.e., "work-carrier"]
    • Y10T83/6545With means to guide work-carrier in nonrectilinear path
    • Y10T83/6547About axis fixed relative to tool station
    • Y10T83/6548Infeed
    • Y10T83/655About vertical axis
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/869Means to drive or to guide tool

Description

L. S. GHADWICK.

BEGORDING MEANS FOR SIGNALING DEVICES.

APPLIoATIoN FILED APR. 1a, 1910.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH Co.,wAsH|Nc|TON, D. c.Y

L. S. GHADWIGK. RECORDING MEANS EOE SIGNALING DEVICES.

APPLICATION FILED APB.. 18, 1910.

Patented Sept. 5, 1911.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH co.. WASHINGTON. D. c.

L. s. GHADWIGK. RECORDING MEANS FOR SIGNALING DBVIGBS.

APPLICATION FILED APLIS, 1910. 1,002,368. Patented Sept. 5,1911.

i 3 SHEETS-SHEET 3.

@LUMIA PLANOGRAPH CO.. WASHINGTON. D. l

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

LEE S. CI-IADWICK, OF POTTSTOWN, PENNSYLVANIA.

RECORDING MEANS FOR SIGNAIING DEVICES.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, LEE S. CHADWICK, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Pottstown, Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, have invented certain Improvements in Recording Means for Signaling Devices, (being a division of my application for patent for a signaling device iiled March 17, 1910, Serial No. 549,849,) of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to signaling devices,

and the object of my invention is to provide means for making way guide signal controlling records for the automatic operation of guiding or signaling devices for use on automobiles and other vehicles; such devices being designed to render automobile touring easier and safer than is possible by the use of touring books or other devices.

The operating mechanism for the blanks used for making records to be subsequently employed with my improved signaling device before referred to, is arranged to be positively driven from one of the wheels of an automobile in a manner precisely similar to the driving of speedometers, odometers, &o.

Perforated records consisting of diskshaped cards of any suitable material may be made with my improved device and are designed to co-act with mechanism that will automatically display large direction signs or signals before the vision of the operator at intervals to indicate the character of the road, the direction to follow, or to give other information as to road or travel conditions; thereby permitting an automobile driver to make faster time, with the practically absolute certainty of being right and free from danger.

The important feature of my improved road guide or signaling device is its availability for use by automobile drivers for the purpose of making their own records; a feature that is particularly valuable when going over new roads or routes that are subsequently traveled. Such records can be kept for further reference, and may be used with the absolute certainty that the same road can be followed a second time, no matter how crooked or complicated it may be. The records for use with my improved road guide or signal device whether produced by the operator, or supplied originally as standard records, can be corrected 0r en- Specication of Letters Patent. Original application led March 17, 1910, Serial No. 549,849.

Patented Sept. 5, 1911. Divided and this application filed April 18,

Serial No. 556,050.

larged at any time if thought necessary or desirable, thus keeping all records up to date. hile the record card is employed in practice as the actuating element for mechanism that will display a visual or operate an audible signal or effect the operation of both; such visual signals being particularly desirable and being employed for all important directions, the use of the same can be augmented or elaborated by directions printed directly upon the face of the record card or sheet, The visual signals, however, are comparatively large, his attention can be attracted toward them by an audible signal, and the driver can see at a glance what is to be done. As may be well understood, the signaling means forming the subject of my invention are far superior to any printed directions that have to be examined and selected while driving at speed, and when employed an operator does not have to rely upon his companions for road directions. These and other features of my invention are fully pointed out hereinafter, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1, is a front elevation of one form of. an automatic road guide or signaling device embodying my invention; Fig. 2, is a sectional elevation on the line a-a, Fig. 1; Fig. 3, is a sectional elevation on the line b-Z Fig. l; Fig. 4, is an enlarged view of a portion of the structure illustrated in Fig. 3; Fig. 5, is a View illustrating a modification within the scope of my invention, and Fig. 6, is a face view of a disk record employed with my improved guide or signaling device.

My improved structure comprises a suitable casing 1 containing mechanism for effecting the display of visual signals 2, which may be displayed in an auxiliary or supplemental casing 3 mounted on top of the main casing, although the supplemental casing may, in some instances, form part of the main casing. In the present instance, the signals are arranged to be raised into view by the coaction of suitable mechanism designed to effect such result. It will be understood, however, that I may employ obscuring means normally covering the signals and provide means for lifting or displacing such obscuring means so as to bring the desired signal in view, and that the mechanism I have provided may be employed to operate an audible signal, with o without the use of a visual signal.

one element of frictional clutching means-y whereby the card records or blanks for making the same may be rotatably driven, and having an engaging flange 6. The other element of the clutching means is carried by a gear wheel 7 having a hub 8 journaled on a centrally disposed shaft 9, and the plate 5 is journaled on said hub 8; the latter being turned to form a proper bearing for said plate. The gear wheel 7, which transmits its movement through said clutching means to the card record or blank, is driven at a reduced speed by suitable mechanism hereinafter described which receives its motion from a wheel of the automobile through the use of a flexible shaft suitably connected to a worm shaft 10 having a worm 11 in engagement with a worm wheel 12 (which vmay have one hundred and fortyfour teeth) loose on said shaft 9. The flexible shaft is preferably attached to the worm shaft by means of a slotted coupling (not shown). The worm wheel 12 drives a pinion 13, which may be suitably connected to said wheel (and may have twelve teeth), which, in turn meshes with a gear wheel 14 (which may have seventy-two teeth) journaled on a shaft 15 suitably mounted in the casing of the structure. The gear wheel 14 carries a planetary pinion 16 (which may have twelve teeth) revolving around a nonmoving gear wheel 17 (which may have thirty teeth) and driving a gear wheel 18 (which may have thirty-one teeth) one tooth for every revolution of the gear wheel 14. The gear wheels 17 and 18 are journaled on the shaft 15 and form the familiar paradox gearing. The gear 18 carries a pinion 18a (which may have twelve teeth) and drives the gear 7 (which may have seventy-two teeth) of the clutching means, thus completing the gear reduction. It will be understood, however, that means for effecting the gear reduction may be arranged in many ways; the only point desired being to reduce the travel of the record card or blank so that it will revolve once or substantially so for the distance represented by the tour, for instance, 100 or 150 miles, or convenient intermediate or lesser distances. In the present instance, the record card or blank is arranged to revolve once in 120 miles, and is divided by the tangent lines 19 into spaces representing one mile, which spaces may be further subdivided into tenths of a mile, if desired. The plate 5 may be held in engagement with the clutching face of the gear wheel 7 by a spring 20, surrounding the hub 8 of said gear wheel and interposed between said plate and a collar 21 mounted on the end of said hub. The driving plate 5 may carry a record-locating-pin 22 for the purpose of positioning and positively driving the record card or blank. As the plate 5 is clutch engaged under the tension of the spring 20, in order that the movement of the record card or blank can be started and stopped at will, I may provide a cam lever 23 suitably journaled in a sleeve 24 carried by the record card; said sleeve surrounding the hub 8 and the spring 20 and projecting through the casing cover as clearly illustrated in the drawings. Normally the clutch may be held in operative engagement by means of said spring 20. This cam, however, may be employed to separate the clutch faces should it be desired to stop the motion of the record card or blank, and for this purpose the cam is moved to the position shown by dotted lines, Fig. 1. It will be seen, therefore, that by the use of this mechanism a tourist can, if he desires, leave the tour as originally outlined at any point; stopping the movement of the record card or blank by raising the cam lever 23 to a central position. A tour may be picked up later at the point left, and the driving clutch may be thrown into action by proper movement of the cam lever. By this means also, a record card can be corrected at any time. Upon releasing the clutch by raising the cam lever, the record card or blank can be turned either backward or forward, using said cam lever as a crank. This lever is preferably marked On at one side and Off on the other, as indicated in the drawings. Between the hub 8 and the cam lever I may interpose a ball 25.

The record card employed with my improved signaling device may be provided with apertures, perforations or other means for co-action with mechanism to operate or display the signals, visual or audible, and these perforations or other co-acting means are preferably disposed in concentric circles.

Mounted within the casing are a series of bell-erank-levers forming what I have termed tracers. These levers are indicated at 30,'being pivotally mounted at 31 and having ends 32 lying in contact with the record card. They are held in this position by light springs 83, the tendency of which is to hold said points 32 against the rear face of the record card and to effect further movement of the same when the perforated portions of said card are brought into registry with said tracers so that said points may enter said perforations.

In the upper portion of the casing of the structure illustrated herein, visual signals may be displayed, indicated at 2 and journaled on a suitable shaft 34, and connected to the bell-crank-levers 30 by means of rods These visual signals may be made of light material, colored or not, as the case may be, depending upon the character of the signals and the background afforded by the casing, and the movement of a tracer caused y its spring when the point enters a perforation of the record card is sufficient to actuate the rod connected thereto and move a visual signal to a vertical position for observance by the driver of the automobile. IVhen the conditions indicated by the signal have been passed, the continued movement of the card pushes the tracer point out of the perforation, and such movement of the bell-crank-lever, through the rod described, throws the visual signal down; a movement that is assisted by a slight counterbalance weight 36 carried by said visual signal at one side of the pivot. This signal operating mechanism is thel portion employed with the use of a previously made record card. It is, however, possible for the automobile driver to make records with the use of my improved road guide and signaling apparatus, such records being usually made when going over a. new road that is to be subsequently traveled. In doing this, it will be necessary to insert a blank card for receiving the record. To insert such record card, the cam lever is thrown at right angles to the face of the casing, being retained in this position by a notch or groove 37, as shown, engaging the ball 25, and the cover of the casing, held on by a pair of thumb nuts 40 or other suitable fastening means which must be previously removed,is slipped ofi'. The record cards may be held to the driving plate 5 by a suitable spring clip 41,which must be removed, and then the card may be slipped over the clutch hub 8; the card being positioned with the aperture 42 in the same over the recordlocating-pin. The holding spring is returned to position in engagement with the record card, the cover of the casing is replaced and tightened by the thumb nuts 40, and then the record card is revolved by means of the cam lever used as a crank until the starting point of the proposed tour comes opposite a pointer 45 at the left of the casing. When ready to start, the clutch is snapped into place by turning down the cam lever to show the word On, and the operation of preparing a record can take place. It will be understood that a record previously made may be inserted in the casing in the same manner.

F or the purpose of making records, I may provide perforating or indenting means for the record cards comprising spring controlled punches 50 having buttons or keys 5l whereby they may be manually operated; such punches being automatically retracted by springs 52. The operating end of the punch is arranged to engage the record card opposite an aperture 53 in a suitable plate 54 secured to the casing in the same plane as the record driving plate 5 and behind the punches, whereby, in the case of cardboard or paper reco-rd cards, a clean aperture may be readily made, or, in the case of metallic record cards, an indentation may be made. In the present instance, I have shown my apparatus as equipped with ten buttons or keys, controlling as many punches, and having different indicating marks on their faces corresponding to signals or indicators which may be brought into full view of the operator. These keys or buttons are indicated by the letters 44A, 44B, Cana Dan 44E, Ff G5 IL I and .I, and in the use of the road guide the following table or index may be employed in connection with the same:

A. The signal indicated by the button A may be employed to impart the following information: (a) Straight road through town. (b) Straight or cez'lter road through three forks of the road. (c) Straight road ahead when not in use through town and forks.

B. The signal indicated by the button B may be employed to impart the following information: (a) Crooked road ahead, use caution.

C. The signal indicated by the button C may be employed to impart the following information: (a) Rough, bad road ahead, caution. Water-bars or culverts in road, caution. (c) In combination with ,71) under R means cross bridge ahead.

D. The signal indicated by the button D7 may be employed to impart the following information: (a) Sharp turn in road at left hand.- (ZJ) Take left hand road at four corners.

E. The signal indicated by the button E may be employed to impart the following information: (a) Curve to left. (In) Take left hand road at fork; or avoid branch to right on straight road; or take road to left branching from straight road. (c) In combination with (5) under IL means take second road to left at any num` berv of roads of forks branching from a single point.

F. The signal indicated by the button F may be employed to impart the following information: (a) Go slow under perfect control. Danger. (o) In combination with (c) under C, means bridge ahead to cross.

G. The signal indicated by the button G may be employed to impart the following information: (a) Danger of arrest, go slow. (b) Speed traps, go slow. (c) Can be used in combination with any of the other signs.

H. The signal indicated by the button to left from branches or forks.

H may be employed to impart the following information: (a) Railroad crossing to be made ahead. (7)) In combination wit-h under 12, means take second road (c) In combination with under L means take second road on right from branches or forks. I. The signal indicated by the button I may be employed to impart the following information: (a) Bear to right of road; or right hand curve ahead. (b) Take right hand road at fork; or avoid left hand road while on straight road; or take right hand branching road from straight road.

J. rlhe signal indicated by the button J may be employed to impart the following information: (a) Sharp turn to right. (b) Take first right hand road at four corners.

Vhile this will serve to indicate the manner in which the Vapparatus may bey used, it will be understood, of course, that other information may be imparted by the signals just referred to, and that a great many further indications may be made by combination of two or more signs, and by the display of cert-ain signs in rapid succession. If necessary or desirable, a greater or less number of signs can be employed by changing the machine to this extent. In other instances, the visual sign may be a word of warning as Dangerg Speed trapg Draw bridge, &c.

As shown herewith, the visual signals or signs are carried by a single shaft or spindle, and are movable to a position substantially central with respect to the supplemental casing. If desired, they may be y. mounted upon a plurality of spindles or shafts so that in making combinations, a plurality of signs or signals may be disposed side by side. In Fig. 5, I have shown a pair of shafts upon which the signals are journaled, so that for combination signals a pair may be displayed side by side, and in other instances arrangements may be made for displaying several signals side by side. To limit the extent of movement when raising and lowering the signals, I may provide stops as indicated at 55 and 5G.

lVhen making a record, the person making it would not want to work a button until he arrived at the place he wished to record and it would be obviously impossible to make fast or safe time in driving over countryroads without having sufficient warning. The signals should preferably be thrown into view at least l mile before the change of direction or change in method of driving is desired. For that purpose the tracer is made so that it does not reach the top of the slot in the record card when the perforation is made. However, it will be seen that the tracer will drop into the perforation the next time the record card revolves as soon as the edge of perforation releases the tracer, thus allowing the signal to come up to view before the'car arrives at the place for which the warning was given. By using wider punches and lowering the tracer warning can be given at least a mile ahead for change in direction; or if one desires, the record can be adjusted by revolving same to make the direction signs to be shown as early or as late as desired by the operator. It may be found advisable to advance the record a trifle for city driving so that the direction signs will be thrown up not over one block ahead of the turning point. The records can be easily set by revolving the same in either direction to suit the whim of the operator. The mechanism shown in the drawings allows for mile advance.

Although I have shown and described mechanical means for effecting the operation of the visual signals, it will be understood that a tracer could-be arranged to close a circuit after passing through an aperture in the record card to effect the raising of the signal by electrical means; the circuit being broken when the aperture has passed the tracer, or, if desired, the bell crank lever when moved could effect a contact that would close the circuit, and such arrangement I deem to be within the scope of my invention. In other instances, the card might be arranged to carry contact points.

I have shown in the drawings the use of a record disk, for operating the improved guide, and mechanism for producing such record on a disk-shaped card. It will be understood, however, that other means may be employed as follows:

The intention is of course to furnish a large number of up-to-date records at small cost, that will cover all the important tours in the country, and the mechanism shown is for use with a disk record, as they are very convenientto,carry, may cover tours of 120 miles each, as not-ed, and when a new record is to be inserted they are readily handled. However, if considered more desirable, machines can be built to work on the same principle and use a long tape, mechanically driven, instead of a record disk. IVith a tape any length, a long trip could be made without changing records. I believe, however, that the most convenient forln would be the disk-shaped cards as I have found that only portions of long trips or tours are taken by tourists. IlVith a long trip tape record it would necessitate changing the tape by either revolving the records or by inserting a new one for every change in the tour. The card records can be mo-re easily carried and a change can be more easily made. A drum record could also be made to work along the same lines, but would not bc so convenient to carry. Either of the above suggested records would necessitate certain changes of design in the machine; all of which, however, are within the scope of my invention. It would also be possible to make a record from some soft metal or other suitable material, to be used without perforations. Instead of the perforations, dents could be placed in the records and these dents used to operate the direction signs, or another possible arrangement would be to use nicks in the edge of the record, the nicks being of diiierent size to operate the road signs. rIhe circular perforated card, however, allows many signals to be used at one time and has many other points of decided advantage. Another point of great importance in road touring is the difhculties of securing satisfactory road directions at night. By equipping the automatic road guide with a small electric. light, it would be as easy to follow directions at night as by day. Any one who has toured knows how impossible it is to read maps or guide books at night by the light of a lamp or match. In addition, colored lights and combinations of the same could be used for signaling purposes, with or without the use of the other visual signals shown and described herewith. Further, I may employ an audible signal with the visual signals. This may be in the form of a gong to be sounded once or twice as the visual signal is displayed, or it may be a continuous ringing alarm, lasting as long as the visual signal is displayed. This gong or continuously ringing bell may be electrically operated, if desired.

Although I have described my improved signaling apparatus as particularly available for use with automobiles and in which the power to operate the same is transmitted from one of the wheels of the automobile in a manner similar to the operation of speedometers, odometers, and the like, it will be understood that it may be employed with vehicles of any character in which mechanism is arranged to operate in proper correlation with the distance traveled, with means for actuating such mechanism by movement of the vehicle upon which the apparatus is placed. Y

The structure shown in the drawing has been designed for use on the dash of the car in front of the driver. It will be understood, however, that indicators or signals of the same character shown at such point of any of the types described herein can be employed at other points in the car, with mechanical or electrically-operated means for effecting the display of the same, as may be best adapted for the particular purpose.

The structure shown is designed as a combined signaling device and record maker, and I may provide means for locking the signaling device as well as the record making mechanism; both together or either or both separately. It will be obvious, however, that a signaling device omitting the record making mechanism could be employed, and hence I deem the same to be within the scope of my invention.

I make no claim to the guiding or signaling device referred to herein and shown in the accompanying drawings; the same being claimed in my application tiled March 17, 1910, Serial N o. 549,849, of which this application is a division.

I claim:

1. In a device for forming a way guide signal controlling record for vehicles, a support for the way guide blank, means operated by the travel of the vehicle for causing a proportional movement of the blank, and mechanism manually operated to displace portions of the blank at any point in the surface of the same.

2. In a device for forming a way guide signal controlling record for vehicles, a support for the way guide blank, means operated by the travel of the vehicle for causing a proportional movement of the blank, and punching mechanism manually operated to perforate the blank at any portion of the same.

3. In a device for forming a way guide signal controlling record for vehicles, a rotatable support for the way guide blank, means operated by the travel of the vehicle forl causing a proportional movement of the blank, and mechanism manually operated to displace portions of the blank at any point in the surface of the same.

4;. In a device for forming a way guide signal controlling record for vehicles, a rotatable support for the way guide blank, means operated by the travel of the vehicle for causing a proportional movement of the blank, and punching mechanism manually operated to perforate the blank at any port-ion of the same.

5. In a device for forming a way guide signal controlling record for vehicles, a support for the way guide blank, means operated by the travel of the vehicle for causing a proportional movement of the blank, and a plurality of manually operated elements for displacing portions of said blank during the travel of the same, said elementsengaging the blank at different points.

6. In a device for forming a way guide signal controlling record for vehicles, a support for the way guide blank, means operated by the travel of the vehicle for causing ta proportional movement of the blank, and

a plurality of punches manually operated to perforate the blank during the travel of the same, said punches engaging the blank at different points.

7. In a device for forming a way guide signal controlling record for vehicles, a support for the way guide blank, means operated by tlie travel of the vehicle for causing' a proportional movement of the blank, a plurality of manually operated elements for displacing portions of said blank during the travel of the same, said'elements 'engaging the blank at different points, and means for changing the position of the blank support with respect to the driving means. Y

8. ln a device for forming a Way guide signal Controlling recordfor vehicles, a sup'- port for the Way guideblank, means oper= ated by the travel of the vehicle for 'causing a proportional Amovement of the blank, punches manually operated to perforate the blankat any aorton of the same, and means Y for retracting said punches.

9i In a device for forming a Way guide signal controlling record for vehicles, a support for the way guide blank, means operated by the travel of the vehicle for causing a i proportional movement of the blank, punches manually operated to perforate the blank at any portion of the same, and springs for retracting said punches.

In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification, in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.

LEE S. CHADWICK.

llVitnesses:

MURRAY C. BOYER, WM. A. BARRt copies ai this etant may be attained for nvt cents each, by maretti-ng the cemmissinner of Patents, washington, n c.

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