US1000001A - Vacuum apparatus for hyperemic treatments. - Google Patents

Vacuum apparatus for hyperemic treatments. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1000001A
US1000001A US46162608A US1908461626A US1000001A US 1000001 A US1000001 A US 1000001A US 46162608 A US46162608 A US 46162608A US 1908461626 A US1908461626 A US 1908461626A US 1000001 A US1000001 A US 1000001A
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Prior art keywords
shank
cup
valve
pump
passageway
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US46162608A
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Robert A C Holz
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Robert A C Holz
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H9/00Pneumatic or hydraulic massage
    • A61H9/005Pneumatic massage

Description

UNTED STAT ROBERT A. C. HOLZ, OE' CLEVEAND, GHIO.

VACUUM APPARATUS FOR HYPBREMIC TREATMENTS.

Speeication of Letters Patent.

rammelt ling. e, ieri..

Application led November 9, 1908. Seral'No. 431,626.

To all whom it may concern: f

Be it known that l, ltonnirr A. (l. ll'onz, a citizen of the, United States, residing ai, Cleveland, in the county of luyahoga and State oli Ohio, have, invented certain new and Useful improvements in Vaeutnn Apparatus ior llypereniie 'l`reatnients. of whieh the followingY is a speeitieation.

This invention relates to ilnprovelnei-its iu vaennin apparatus used partieularly for hyperetnic treatments One ot the objects of the invention is to improve, in a general way, thel etliciency and to extend the tield o use of such devices, and also to render their use more convenient hy the provision ot.E means whereby the air pninp-inay he. eonveniently attaehed to or disconnected from the vacnuni eup, and atthe saine time by doing away with the rubber tnhes which heretotore have heen used to connect the pumps and eups and by doing4 away with the expensive stop eoelts used in eonneetion with the tubes.

still further objet-.t4 is the provision oi means whereby the degree of vaeluun in the cnp may he readily varied at any time hm tore or atter .the pniup is removed 'troni the latter, so .that in rase it, is desired to lessen the degree ot exhaustion or vaenuni or to rerum'e the eup troni the hody of the pa.- tient, it will he nnneeessary to raise the cup troni the patientis holy to permit air toenter the cup.

.'lhe, invention relates, therefore, partienlnrly to the ctlp itself, to the means wherelnY it may he readily altar-hed to the pump, and to the provision ol'frertain valve 'features which will he lnought ont 'l'ully in the speeification. i

The invention may he hrietiy summarized as eonsistinin eertain novel details of eonstruction and e mihinations and 'arrangeneents ot parts, whieh will he described in the speeifeation and .set i'orth in the appended claims. l

For :1 better understanding` ot my invention relerence ishad to the accompanying drawing, in which-- Fig-ure 1 is an elevation ot' the vacuum apparatns constructed in aeeordanee with my invention. Fig. 9. is a` longitudinal sectional view of the Same. Fig. 3 is a transverse section on a slightly enlarged Scale, snhstantiallylalong the line. 3 v of Fig. 2. Fig. 4 isa View showing :i` cup and socket theretor, attaehed to the hotly oli' and diseonneetrd 'from the puuip.

liefert-ing now to the figures et the drawf ine'. ttt represents the vaeuinn eup whieh is made prelerahly of glass, :Sud whieh is' 'provided with an open end ll, and at. the opposite end with a nerlt .l havinga eentra'llylorntetl narrow pztssaifewa'y lf throueh which air is zulnii'tted to or exhauatetl Ytroni the cup, and haring an enlarged` end portion lil. Secured to the neeli ot the ont, is a shank or socket member ifi preferably r-,ylindrieal in shape and formed et metal and having'at one end a recessed portion lo whieh reeeires thc neck l? andis secured rigidly to the latter hy nieanel ot eententli' wliieh is ]nelieral l v waterproot, so that it will not he all'ected hy hot,- wnter when the device is heineY sterili'lzed. .-xt the opposite end ot the-shank or soelcet member l5 is a seeond reeess 1S which is threaded on the interior and is adapted to receive the threaded end ot' a pump to he re'lerred to later. lletween the two end reeesses it and the .shank l5 is provided with a passageway lt) which is in alineinent with the passageway l) in the neel; otz the cui and itornis a cona4 pat ient tinuation thereof. The end ot the passagel is tapered, aS

way lt) adjaeent the re shown in Fie. Q, and the: tapered portion AForms a seat t'or the tapered head otx a ping valve 2O which is preferahlyinade of rnbfl her and provided with a. shank which ex. tends down into the passageway. This plug valve is held vieldinpgl V down upon the seat prelerahly by means ot a spring` 2l shown in Fig'. El. i As will he explained later, by the provision of this plug valve, the pump can he removed from the shank or socket meinber and the air will nevertheless be prevented trom entering the cup.

ln order that the degree of vacuum in the,

eup may be readily varied, I have provided in the shank or socket member intermediate its ends. a release valve 22. For this pnrpose l have provided at the periphery of the shank or socket member a lng or boss 23 haring a centrally located passageway 24, the outer portion of which is threaded and receives the. shank of an adjustable screw or valve niernloer 25, and the inner end of which is profe restricted with respect to the onter portion and communicates with the inner passageway 19 which extends longitudinally of the. shank and communicates valve 36 is .formed by a lug 37 on the cup,

which air may be supplied or admitted to.-

the cup.V The admission of air through this .port is normally prevented by the adjustable screw or valve member 25, the inner end et the shank of which is tapered and is arranged to enter the restricted portion ofthe passageway 24.-.

Any suitable form of pump may be em ployed with the cup, but as here shown, the pump consists of a cylindrical casing or oylinder 27 which is provided with a piston 23 pivotally connected to a link 29 which in turn is connected to a crank 30 mounted in. the Wall of the casing and having on the exterior of the casing,` a portion 31 adapted to be grasped by the operator, so that when 4this portion. is revolved the piston will be reciprocated longitudinally of the casing or cylinder. The piston 28 is provided with a port 32 which is normally closed by a flap valve 33 secured to the surface of the piston and yieldingly heldwdovvnv/ard by a spring 34 so as to close the port. The end of the pump is provided with a threaded annular boss 35 which is adapted to be screwed' tightly into the threaded recess i8 oi the socket member l5.

In the present case l have shown at the bottom of the pump a release valve 36 similar tothe release valve 22 in the shank or socket portion of the cup. This release said lug having a passageway 38 which communicates with the interior of the pump, and the outerI end or' which is threaded and receives the shank of an, adjustable screw or valve member 39, theinner-end of which is tapered/and is arranged to close the passageway so as to prevent the passage oi air therethrough. As in the first instance, the lug is provided with a port ll() which communicates With the passageway on the interior of the lug. Thus it will be seen that when the air has been Wholly or par-4 tially exhausted from the cup, the pump may be readily removed 'from the latter and on account o' the valve, which is provided in the shank or. socket member, the removal of the pump will not in any Way change the degree of' vacuum in the cui A. single pump may, theretore, be employed with. a

large number of cups, any number of vvhioh may be attached to the body oi" 4the patient.

By doing away with the necessity for' theA rubber tubes which have heretofore been used, the device can be kept .in a .ni-uch more sanitary condltion, vand can be more readily sterilized. Also thev proper degree of vecuu um can be'moreeasily maintained the eup than when rubber tubes and stop eoelrs are employed.

monopoli.

The degree of vacuum in the cup can be very easily regulated, or the vacuum can be relieved entirely by the .release vulve 22 which l provide in the shank o1' sockel mouiber. rl`hus Awhen this valve is provided, it will not be necessary to raise the cup troni the body of the patient or to insert the lngers under the `end of thc cup adjacent the skin oli the patient to reduce the degree of vacuum or to remove the cup entirely.

The release valve .such as l have shown need not be provided in the pump, it all the oups are of the construction here shown, but l prefer to provide such. release valve in the pump, for the reason that the latter can then be used with cups which are provided with shank or socket members with or without the two valves here shown. .Also the release valve in the pump vvill be of utility in. some cases, such as when very small cups are ein ployed which could not be 'conveniently equipped with the valves, or `when the cup is intended to be applied to the body of .the patient for a very short interval only. ln the latter case there would be no necessity for removing the pump from the cup.

l do not desire to be Confined to the enact details shown., but aim in my claims to cover all modilioations which do not involve a departure fromL the spirit and scope of my invention. l.

Whatl claim as new and desire to secur by Letters Patent is l. ln a vacuum appara us of? the character described, a vacuum cup having` a n-eelr por tion., a shanli: or socket member secured thereto, said shank having a valve which is normally closed but which is automatilll() cally" opened When the airis being; exhausted 'from said cup, and said shank having a manually operable release valve intermediate said first mentioned valve and the cup.

2. ln a vacuum apparatus of' the character desoriloed, a vacuum cup open at one end and having .a necir portion, a shank or socket member having at one end a recessed por tion which receives the neclr portion and is rigidly secured thereto, ari air pump adapted to be attached directly to the opposite end ci. said shanlr or soclret member, said shank having a valve which is normally closed but is automatically opened byl the pumping of the air from the cup, and said shank having a manually operable release yalve'interniediate said l'irst named valve and the cup: ,4

3. lin combination, in a vacuum apparatas, a vacuum cup having' an open end and a noch' portion at its opposite end, a

shank or a socket member reoeivingR said neolr portion anelrigidiy secured thereto,

lila

said shank having an interior opening or passageway which communicate; with the interior et' the cup, a tapered valve seat at i the outer end et esaid passageway, a valve :incase plug normally engaging said seat and serving to retain the vacuum in the cup when the an' is exhausted from the same, and-said shank having a release valve, said release valve comprising, a transverse passageway which communicates with the inner. passageway or opening in the shank, an air inlet port communicating with said transverse passaoeway, and a screw valve member are ranged to close said transverse passageway and to permit the passage of air to said Cup when shifted from its normal position.

4. In combination, in a .Vacuum apparatus, a cup having an ope-n end and a-neck gort-ion, a shank or socket member receiving said neel: portion and rigidly secured thereto, said shank having a centrally located passageway which eommnnicates with the interior of the cup, the outer end of said passageway forming a valve seat, a movable valve member normally engaging said seat,

a manually operable release valve at--the side of said shank, said release Valve comprising a transverse passageway which com-` way, al'movable valve member in the' form@ of a screw which when in its normal position prevents the passage of air through said port, an air pump, the ends of said shank or socket member and the pump having cooperating threaded portions whereby the pump may be rigidly secured to the socket member. f

In testimony whereof I aiiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

ROBERT A.. C. HOLZ. Vstnesses:

A. F.; Kwis,

C. H. Pansen.

US46162608A 1908-11-09 1908-11-09 Vacuum apparatus for hyperemic treatments. Expired - Lifetime US1000001A (en)

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Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2626606A (en) * 1951-02-23 1953-01-27 Joseph G Campbell Eye bath device
US2669232A (en) * 1951-01-19 1954-02-16 Emma G Borowick Dispenser or applicator
DE4439981A1 (en) * 1993-11-19 1995-05-24 Rudolf Weyergans Powered medical suction instrument drawing blood to localised area
US20020183702A1 (en) * 1999-11-29 2002-12-05 Henley Alan Wayne Wound treatment apparatus
US6685681B2 (en) 2000-11-29 2004-02-03 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Vacuum therapy and cleansing dressing for wounds
US20040039391A1 (en) * 2002-08-23 2004-02-26 Argenta Louis C. Bone treatment employing reduced pressure
US20040122434A1 (en) * 2002-08-23 2004-06-24 Argenta Louis C. Bone treatment employing reduced pressure
US6855135B2 (en) 2000-11-29 2005-02-15 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Vacuum therapy and cleansing dressing for wounds
US7022113B2 (en) 2001-07-12 2006-04-04 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Control of vacuum level rate of change
US20060213527A1 (en) * 1991-11-14 2006-09-28 Argenta Louis C Wound treatment employing reduced pressure
US7195624B2 (en) 2001-12-26 2007-03-27 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Vented vacuum bandage with irrigation for wound healing and method
US7276051B1 (en) 1998-08-07 2007-10-02 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Wound treatment apparatus
US7338482B2 (en) 2002-02-28 2008-03-04 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. External catheter access to vacuum bandage
US20080208147A1 (en) * 2007-01-10 2008-08-28 Argenta Louis C Apparatus and method for wound treatment employing periodic sub-atmospheric pressure
US20080208171A1 (en) * 2007-02-23 2008-08-28 Argenta Louis C Device and method for removing edema
US20080281324A1 (en) * 2006-11-17 2008-11-13 Webb Lawrence X External fixation assembly and method of use
US7534927B2 (en) 2001-12-26 2009-05-19 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Vacuum bandage packing
US20090254120A1 (en) * 2008-01-09 2009-10-08 Argenta Louis C Device and method for treating central nervous system pathology
US7678090B2 (en) 1999-11-29 2010-03-16 Risk Jr James R Wound treatment apparatus
US20100121229A1 (en) * 2008-07-18 2010-05-13 Argenta Louis C Apparatus and Method for Cardiac Tissue Modulation by Topical Application of Vacuum to Minimize Cell Death and Damage
US7723560B2 (en) 2001-12-26 2010-05-25 Lockwood Jeffrey S Wound vacuum therapy dressing kit
US7763000B2 (en) 1999-11-29 2010-07-27 Risk Jr James R Wound treatment apparatus having a display
US7896856B2 (en) 2002-08-21 2011-03-01 Robert Petrosenko Wound packing for preventing wound closure
US7910791B2 (en) 2000-05-22 2011-03-22 Coffey Arthur C Combination SIS and vacuum bandage and method
US7927318B2 (en) 2001-10-11 2011-04-19 Risk Jr James Robert Waste container for negative pressure therapy
US8168848B2 (en) 2002-04-10 2012-05-01 KCI Medical Resources, Inc. Access openings in vacuum bandage
US8834520B2 (en) 2007-10-10 2014-09-16 Wake Forest University Devices and methods for treating spinal cord tissue

Cited By (49)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2669232A (en) * 1951-01-19 1954-02-16 Emma G Borowick Dispenser or applicator
US2626606A (en) * 1951-02-23 1953-01-27 Joseph G Campbell Eye bath device
US20060213527A1 (en) * 1991-11-14 2006-09-28 Argenta Louis C Wound treatment employing reduced pressure
DE4439981A1 (en) * 1993-11-19 1995-05-24 Rudolf Weyergans Powered medical suction instrument drawing blood to localised area
DE4439981C2 (en) * 1993-11-19 1999-01-07 Rudolf Weyergans Energetically driven cupping device
US8540687B2 (en) 1998-08-07 2013-09-24 Kci Licensing, Inc. Wound treatment apparatus
US7276051B1 (en) 1998-08-07 2007-10-02 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Wound treatment apparatus
US7794438B2 (en) 1998-08-07 2010-09-14 Alan Wayne Henley Wound treatment apparatus
US7763000B2 (en) 1999-11-29 2010-07-27 Risk Jr James R Wound treatment apparatus having a display
US6755807B2 (en) 1999-11-29 2004-06-29 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Wound treatment apparatus
US6800074B2 (en) 1999-11-29 2004-10-05 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Wound treatment apparatus
US7678090B2 (en) 1999-11-29 2010-03-16 Risk Jr James R Wound treatment apparatus
US20020183702A1 (en) * 1999-11-29 2002-12-05 Henley Alan Wayne Wound treatment apparatus
US8021348B2 (en) 1999-11-29 2011-09-20 Kci Medical Resources Wound treatment apparatus
US8747887B2 (en) 2000-05-22 2014-06-10 Kci Medical Resources Combination SIS and vacuum bandage and method
US7910791B2 (en) 2000-05-22 2011-03-22 Coffey Arthur C Combination SIS and vacuum bandage and method
US6855135B2 (en) 2000-11-29 2005-02-15 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Vacuum therapy and cleansing dressing for wounds
US7867206B2 (en) 2000-11-29 2011-01-11 Kci Licensing, Inc. Vacuum therapy and cleansing dressing for wounds
US7988680B2 (en) 2000-11-29 2011-08-02 Kci Medical Resources Vacuum therapy and cleansing dressing for wounds
US6752794B2 (en) 2000-11-29 2004-06-22 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Vacuum therapy and cleansing dressing for wounds
US6685681B2 (en) 2000-11-29 2004-02-03 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Vacuum therapy and cleansing dressing for wounds
US8246592B2 (en) 2000-11-29 2012-08-21 Kci Medical Resources Vacuum therapy and cleansing dressing for wounds
US7022113B2 (en) 2001-07-12 2006-04-04 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Control of vacuum level rate of change
US7927318B2 (en) 2001-10-11 2011-04-19 Risk Jr James Robert Waste container for negative pressure therapy
US7896864B2 (en) 2001-12-26 2011-03-01 Lockwood Jeffrey S Vented vacuum bandage with irrigation for wound healing and method
US7195624B2 (en) 2001-12-26 2007-03-27 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Vented vacuum bandage with irrigation for wound healing and method
US7534927B2 (en) 2001-12-26 2009-05-19 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Vacuum bandage packing
US8350116B2 (en) 2001-12-26 2013-01-08 Kci Medical Resources Vacuum bandage packing
US7723560B2 (en) 2001-12-26 2010-05-25 Lockwood Jeffrey S Wound vacuum therapy dressing kit
US7338482B2 (en) 2002-02-28 2008-03-04 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. External catheter access to vacuum bandage
US8168848B2 (en) 2002-04-10 2012-05-01 KCI Medical Resources, Inc. Access openings in vacuum bandage
US7896856B2 (en) 2002-08-21 2011-03-01 Robert Petrosenko Wound packing for preventing wound closure
US20040039391A1 (en) * 2002-08-23 2004-02-26 Argenta Louis C. Bone treatment employing reduced pressure
US20040122434A1 (en) * 2002-08-23 2004-06-24 Argenta Louis C. Bone treatment employing reduced pressure
US20080281324A1 (en) * 2006-11-17 2008-11-13 Webb Lawrence X External fixation assembly and method of use
US7931651B2 (en) 2006-11-17 2011-04-26 Wake Lake University Health Sciences External fixation assembly and method of use
US8454603B2 (en) 2006-11-17 2013-06-04 Wake Forest University Health Sciences External fixation assembly and method of use
US9050136B2 (en) 2006-11-17 2015-06-09 Wake Forest University Health Sciences External fixation assembly and method of use
US8377016B2 (en) 2007-01-10 2013-02-19 Wake Forest University Health Sciences Apparatus and method for wound treatment employing periodic sub-atmospheric pressure
US20080208147A1 (en) * 2007-01-10 2008-08-28 Argenta Louis C Apparatus and method for wound treatment employing periodic sub-atmospheric pressure
US9737455B2 (en) 2007-01-10 2017-08-22 Wake Forest Univeristy Health Sciences Apparatus and method for wound treatment employing periodic sub-atmospheric pressure
US20080208171A1 (en) * 2007-02-23 2008-08-28 Argenta Louis C Device and method for removing edema
US8834520B2 (en) 2007-10-10 2014-09-16 Wake Forest University Devices and methods for treating spinal cord tissue
US20090254120A1 (en) * 2008-01-09 2009-10-08 Argenta Louis C Device and method for treating central nervous system pathology
US8764794B2 (en) 2008-01-09 2014-07-01 Wake Forest University Health Sciences Device and method for treating central nervous system pathology
US8267960B2 (en) 2008-01-09 2012-09-18 Wake Forest University Health Sciences Device and method for treating central nervous system pathology
US10076318B2 (en) 2008-07-18 2018-09-18 Wake Forest University Health Sciences Apparatus and method for cardiac tissue modulation by topical application of vacuum to minimize cell death and damage
US9289193B2 (en) 2008-07-18 2016-03-22 Wake Forest University Health Sciences Apparatus and method for cardiac tissue modulation by topical application of vacuum to minimize cell death and damage
US20100121229A1 (en) * 2008-07-18 2010-05-13 Argenta Louis C Apparatus and Method for Cardiac Tissue Modulation by Topical Application of Vacuum to Minimize Cell Death and Damage

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