TWM584350U - Fireproof building partition structure - Google Patents

Fireproof building partition structure Download PDF

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Publication number
TWM584350U
TWM584350U TW108206791U TW108206791U TWM584350U TW M584350 U TWM584350 U TW M584350U TW 108206791 U TW108206791 U TW 108206791U TW 108206791 U TW108206791 U TW 108206791U TW M584350 U TWM584350 U TW M584350U
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TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
fireproof
building partition
layer
fire
substrate
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Application number
TW108206791U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁明化
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佳宏木業有限公司
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Priority to TW108206791U priority Critical patent/TWM584350U/en
Publication of TWM584350U publication Critical patent/TWM584350U/en

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Abstract

一種防火建築隔板結構,係包括一基板及一防火層,該基板具有一上側面及一下側面,該防火層具有一外表面及一內表面,該內表面對應與所述上側面相貼附結合,該防火層係由氯化錳、聚磷酸銨、聚醋酸乙烯、矽酸鈣及氯化鈣混合而成,藉由該防火建築隔板結構設計而得以大幅增加耐高溫及隔熱性之效果外,還可大幅延長防火時效。A fireproof building partition structure includes a base plate and a fireproof layer. The baseplate has an upper side and a lower side. The fireproof layer has an outer surface and an inner surface. The inner surface is correspondingly attached to the upper side. In combination, the fireproof layer is a mixture of manganese chloride, ammonium polyphosphate, polyvinyl acetate, calcium silicate, and calcium chloride. By the structural design of the fireproof building partition, the temperature resistance and heat insulation can be greatly increased In addition to the effect, it can also greatly extend the fire protection aging.

Description

防火建築隔板結構Fireproof building partition structure
本創作是有關於一種防火建築隔板結構,尤指一種可大幅增加耐高溫及隔熱性效果並可延長防火時效之防火建築隔板結構。This creation is about a fireproof building partition structure, especially a fireproof building partition structure that can greatly increase the effect of high temperature resistance and thermal insulation and can extend the fire protection aging effect.
按,在現今人命關天的觀念及建築法日趨嚴格的大環境下,建築物的公共安全已受到莫大重視,火災的發生不但會造成財產方面之重大損失,如有人員的傷亡則會造成令人無法彌補的遺憾。
因此,為避免火災悲劇的發生,近年來建築及內部裝修等相關業者皆致力於研發防火板材,如石膏板、氧化鎂板、矽酸鈣板等,然而石膏、氧化鎂、矽酸鈣等單一材質所製成之防火建材,其防火時間效果有限,且耐高溫及隔熱性之效果皆不高,容易受到外力而損毀,導致失去其防火功能。
以上所述,習知具有下列之缺點:
1.耐高溫及隔熱性效果較差;
2.防火板材容易產生破損、碎裂問題。
是以,要如何解決上述習用之問題與缺失,即為本案之創作人與從事此行業之相關廠商所亟欲研究改善之方向所在者。
According to the current concept of human life and the increasingly strict construction law, the public safety of buildings has received great attention. The occurrence of fires will not only cause significant damage to property, but also cause death or death if caused. One cannot regret it.
Therefore, in order to avoid the fire tragedy, in recent years, related industries such as construction and interior decoration are committed to the development of fire-resistant panels, such as gypsum board, magnesium oxide board, calcium silicate board, etc. The fireproof building materials made of materials have limited fireproofing time effects, and the effects of high temperature resistance and heat insulation are not high. They are easily damaged by external forces and cause their fireproofing functions to be lost.
As mentioned above, the knowledge has the following disadvantages:
1. The effect of high temperature resistance and heat insulation is poor;
2. Fireproof boards are prone to breakage and chipping.
Therefore, how to solve the above-mentioned problems and shortcomings is the creators of this case and the relevant manufacturers in this industry who are eager to study the improvement direction.
爰此,為有效解決上述之問題,本創作之主要目的在於提供一種大幅增加耐高溫及隔熱性效果之防火建築隔板結構。
本創作之次要目的,在於提供一種可大幅延長防火時效之防火建築隔板結構。
為達上述目的,本創作係提供一種防火建築隔板結構,係包括一基板及一防火層,該基板具有一上側面及一下側面,該防火層具有一外表面及一內表面,該內表面對應與所述上側面相貼附結合,該防火層係由氯化錳、聚磷酸銨、聚醋酸乙烯、矽酸鈣及氯化鈣混合而成。
在一實施例中,所述防火層更包含氯化鈣。
在一實施例中,所述防火層更包含碳酸鈣。
在一實施例中,所述基板係選擇為塑合板或合板或木芯板或纖維板或定向纖維板或矽酸鈣板其中任一。
在一實施例中,所述防火層之厚度範圍介於0.45mm~0.55mm。
在一實施例中,所述防火層係呈溼性粉體之結構態樣。
在一實施例中,所述防火層係藉由一機器透過壓合方式緊密貼附於所述基板之上側面。
透過本創作此結構的設計,藉由所述防火層由氯化錳、聚磷酸銨、聚醋酸乙烯、矽酸鈣及氯化鈣混合而成後並將其製成呈溼性粉體之結構態樣的混合物,再將該溼性粉體之混合物透過一機器利用壓合方式緊密地貼附於所述基板之上側面,而得以大幅增加耐高溫及隔熱性之效果的防火建築隔板結構,並且可達到大幅延長防火時效。
Therefore, in order to effectively solve the above problems, the main purpose of this creation is to provide a fireproof building partition structure that greatly increases the effects of high temperature resistance and heat insulation.
The secondary purpose of this creation is to provide a fireproof building partition structure that can significantly extend the fireproofing period.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present invention provides a fireproof building partition structure, which includes a base plate and a fireproof layer, the baseplate has an upper side and a lower side, the fireproof layer has an outer surface and an inner surface, and the inner surface Corresponding to the attachment and combination with the upper side, the fireproof layer is made of manganese chloride, ammonium polyphosphate, polyvinyl acetate, calcium silicate and calcium chloride.
In one embodiment, the fireproof layer further comprises calcium chloride.
In one embodiment, the fireproof layer further comprises calcium carbonate.
In one embodiment, the substrate is selected from any of plywood or plywood or wood core board or fiberboard or oriented fiberboard or calcium silicate board.
In one embodiment, the thickness of the fire-resistant layer ranges from 0.45 mm to 0.55 mm.
In one embodiment, the fire-resistant layer is in the form of a wet powder.
In one embodiment, the fire-resistant layer is closely adhered to the upper side of the substrate through a lamination method by a machine.
Based on the design of this structure, the fireproof layer is made of manganese chloride, ammonium polyphosphate, polyvinyl acetate, calcium silicate, and calcium chloride and mixed into a wet powder structure. Fire-resistant building partition, and the wet powder mixture is tightly adhered to the upper side of the substrate through a machine using a compression method, thereby greatly increasing the effects of high temperature resistance and heat insulation. Structure, and can achieve a significant extension of fire aging.
本創作之上述目的及其結構與功能上的特性,將依據所附圖式之較佳實施例予以說明。
請參閱第1、2圖,係為本創作防火建築隔板結構之立體圖及側視剖面圖,如圖所示,一種防火建築隔板結構1,係包括一基板10及一防火層11。
所述基板10具有一上側面100及一下側面101,於本實施例中,該基板10可依照使用者之需求選擇為塑合板、合板、木芯板、纖維板、定向纖維板或矽酸鈣板等其中任意一種,換句話說,本創作之基板10可包含一般市面上之任何基材板體結構態樣,故在此不另贅述。
所述防火層11具有一外表面110及一內表面111,該內表面111對應與前述基板10之上側面100相互緊密貼附結合,於本實施例中,所述防火層11係由氯化錳、聚磷酸銨、聚醋酸乙烯、矽酸鈣及氯化鈣混合而成,在一實施例中,該防火層11除了前述各化學成分之外,還可進一步包含氯化鈣及碳酸鈣,其所製作出來之防火層11所達成之功效更具有加乘之作用。
實際使用時,先將前述氯化錳、聚磷酸銨、聚醋酸乙烯、矽酸鈣及氯化鈣均勻混合攪拌成製作成呈溼性粉體之結構態樣的混合物,再藉由一機器透過壓合的方式將該呈溼性粉體之混合物緊密貼附於所述基板10之上側面100,即形成一具有內表面111及一外表面110的防火層11,並該防火層11之厚度範圍介於0.45mm~0.55mm之間,但並不局限於前述範圍。
因此,透過本創作的結構設計,藉由前述之各成分混合後形成的呈溼性粉體之混合物再透過壓合方式貼附在該基板10的上側面100,而得以大幅增加耐高溫及隔熱性之效果,由於該基板10之上側面100塗佈的防火層11內含有阻燃劑,亦具有防火耐燃耐高溫之功效,故發生火災時,並不會燃燒起火,該隔板結構1不會有燃燒的情形發生,進以大幅延長防火時效。
以上所述,本創作相較於習知具有下列優點:
1.大幅增加耐高溫及隔熱性之效果;
2.大幅延長防火時效。
以上已將本創作做一詳細說明,惟以上所述者,僅為本創作之一較佳實施例而已,當不能限定本創作實施之範圍,即凡依本創作申請範圍所作之均等變化與修飾等,皆應仍屬本創作之專利涵蓋範圍。
The above-mentioned purpose of this creation and its structural and functional characteristics will be explained according to the preferred embodiments of the drawings.
Please refer to Figs. 1 and 2 for a perspective view and a side sectional view of a partition structure of a fire-resistant building for creation. As shown in the figure, a partition structure 1 of a fire-resistant building includes a base plate 10 and a fire-resistant layer 11.
The substrate 10 has an upper side 100 and a lower side 101. In this embodiment, the substrate 10 can be selected as plywood, plywood, wood core board, fiberboard, oriented fiberboard, or calcium silicate board, etc. according to the needs of the user. Any one of them, in other words, the substrate 10 of the present creation may include any structural form of a substrate in the general market, so it will not be repeated here.
The fire-resistant layer 11 has an outer surface 110 and an inner surface 111. The inner surface 111 corresponds to the upper side 100 of the substrate 10 and is closely adhered to each other. In this embodiment, the fire-resistant layer 11 is made of chlorinated Manganese, ammonium polyphosphate, polyvinyl acetate, calcium silicate, and calcium chloride are mixed. In one embodiment, in addition to the foregoing chemical components, the fireproof layer 11 may further include calcium chloride and calcium carbonate. The effect achieved by the fire-resistant layer 11 produced by it is even more effective.
In actual use, the aforementioned manganese chloride, ammonium polyphosphate, polyvinyl acetate, calcium silicate, and calcium chloride are evenly mixed and stirred to make a mixture in the form of a wet powder structure, and then passed through a machine The wet powder mixture is closely adhered to the upper surface 100 of the substrate 10 in a lamination manner, that is, a fireproof layer 11 having an inner surface 111 and an outer surface 110 is formed, and the thickness of the fireproof layer 11 The range is between 0.45 mm and 0.55 mm, but it is not limited to the foregoing range.
Therefore, through the structural design of this creation, the mixture of the wet powder formed by mixing the aforementioned components is then adhered to the upper side 100 of the substrate 10 by a compression method, so that the high temperature resistance and insulation can be greatly increased. The thermal effect, because the fire-resistant layer 11 coated on the side 100 on the substrate 10 contains a flame retardant, and also has the function of fire resistance, flame resistance and high temperature resistance, so when a fire occurs, the partition structure 1 There will be no burning situation, which will greatly extend the fire protection period.
As mentioned above, this creation has the following advantages compared to conventional knowledge:
1. Significantly increase the effect of high temperature resistance and heat insulation;
2. Significantly extend the fire protection period.
The above has described the creation in detail, but the above is only one of the preferred embodiments of the creation. When the scope of the implementation of the creation cannot be limited, that is, all equal changes and modifications made in accordance with the scope of the creation application Etc., should still be covered by the patent of this creation.
1‧‧‧隔板結構
10‧‧‧基板
100‧‧‧上側面
101‧‧‧下側面
11‧‧‧防火層
110‧‧‧外表面
111‧‧‧內表面
1‧‧‧ bulkhead structure
10‧‧‧ substrate
100‧‧‧ upper side
101‧‧‧ lower side
11‧‧‧Fire-resistant layer
110‧‧‧ outer surface
111‧‧‧Inner surface
第1圖係為本創作防火建築隔板結構之立體圖;
第2圖係為本創作防火建築隔板結構之側視剖面圖。
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the partition structure of the fire-resistant building;
Figure 2 is a side sectional view of the partition structure of the fire-resistant building.

Claims (7)

  1. 一種防火建築隔板結構,係包括:
    一基板,具有一上側面及一下側面;及
    一防火層,具有一外表面及一內表面,該內表面對應與所述上側面相貼附結合,該防火層係由氯化錳、聚磷酸銨、聚醋酸乙烯、矽酸鈣及氯化鈣混合而成。
    A fireproof building partition structure includes:
    A substrate having an upper side and a lower side; and a fire-resistant layer having an outer surface and an inner surface, the inner surface corresponding to the upper side is attached and combined, and the fire-resistant layer is made of manganese chloride and polyphosphoric acid A mixture of ammonium, polyvinyl acetate, calcium silicate and calcium chloride.
  2. 如請求項1所述之防火建築隔板結構,其中所述防火層更包含氯化鈣。The fireproof building partition structure according to claim 1, wherein the fireproof layer further comprises calcium chloride.
  3. 如請求項1所述之防火建築隔板結構,其中所述防火層更包含碳酸鈣。The fireproof building partition structure according to claim 1, wherein the fireproof layer further comprises calcium carbonate.
  4. 如請求項1所述之防火建築隔板結構,其中所述基板係選擇為塑合板或合板或木芯板或纖維板或定向纖維板或矽酸鈣板其中任一。The fireproof building partition structure according to claim 1, wherein the substrate is selected from any of plywood or plywood or wood core board or fiberboard or oriented fiberboard or calcium silicate board.
  5. 如請求項1所述之防火建築隔板結構,其中所述防火層之厚度範圍介於0.45mm~0.55mm。The fireproof building partition structure according to claim 1, wherein the thickness of the fireproof layer ranges from 0.45mm to 0.55mm.
  6. 如請求項1所述之防火建築隔板結構,其中所述防火層係呈溼性粉體之結構態樣。The fireproof building partition structure according to claim 1, wherein the fireproof layer is in the structure state of a wet powder.
  7. 如請求項1所述之防火建築隔板結構,其中所述防火層係藉由一機器透過壓合方式緊密貼附於所述基板之上側面。The fireproof building partition structure according to claim 1, wherein the fireproof layer is closely adhered to the upper side of the substrate through a lamination method by a machine.
TW108206791U 2019-05-29 2019-05-29 Fireproof building partition structure TWM584350U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI700414B (en) * 2019-05-29 2020-08-01 佳宏木業有限公司 A fireproof building partition structure

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI700414B (en) * 2019-05-29 2020-08-01 佳宏木業有限公司 A fireproof building partition structure

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