TWM547569U - River ecology management system - Google Patents

River ecology management system Download PDF

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TWM547569U
TWM547569U TW106204306U TW106204306U TWM547569U TW M547569 U TWM547569 U TW M547569U TW 106204306 U TW106204306 U TW 106204306U TW 106204306 U TW106204306 U TW 106204306U TW M547569 U TWM547569 U TW M547569U
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water
river
ecological
water purification
management system
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TW106204306U
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Thomas Wang
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Thomas Wang
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Description

河道生態治理系統 River ecological management system

本創作係有關於河水淨化的處理技術,特別是指一種兼具分段而治、聯合治理的河道生態治理系統。 This creation department has treatment technology for river water purification, especially a river ecological management system that has both segmentation and joint treatment.

近年來,全球在經濟發展和人口增長的壓力下,水的用量急劇增加,某些地區由於雨污分流不明確、配套的污水管網搭建不完善、相應的汙水處理設施建設滯後等原因,大量污水排入河中,造成水體生態環境失衡,環境問題突出,因此改善水環境品質是一項迫切並艱巨的任務。 In recent years, under the pressure of economic development and population growth, the amount of water has increased sharply. In some areas, due to unclear distribution of rain and sewage, imperfect construction of supporting sewage pipe networks, and delays in the construction of corresponding sewage treatment facilities, A large amount of sewage is discharged into the river, resulting in an imbalance of the ecological environment of the water body and outstanding environmental problems. Therefore, improving the quality of the water environment is an urgent and arduous task.

傳統的河道治理方法主要包括:修築橡膠壩、閘壩等攔河建築物,修建生態邊坡,清理淤泥,調水換水,在河邊建設水處理系統等。這些方法使用單一,未形成相互關聯的系統,而且會破壞水體的自然生態環境,影響生物多樣性,導致生態修復時間長,工程量大,建設成本高,處理效果不明顯等一系列問題。 Traditional river management methods include: building rubber dams, dams and other river-blocking buildings, building ecological slopes, cleaning up silt, diverting water and water, and constructing water treatment systems along the river. These methods use a single system that does not form an interrelated system, and it will destroy the natural ecological environment of the water body, affect biodiversity, lead to long time of ecological restoration, large amount of engineering, high construction cost, and ineffective treatment effect.

本創作針對現有技術的不足,提供了一種河道生態治理系統,以提高對流入河道內污水的治理效率,改善河道的水生態環境。 Based on the shortcomings of the prior art, this creation provides a river ecological management system to improve the efficiency of treatment of sewage flowing into the river and improve the water ecological environment of the river.

本創作人早年研發有一種生態生物淨水系統,其係由一個或多個相連的生物淨水單元組成,具有結構緊湊,控制簡單方便,占地面積小,淨化效果好等效果,將其應用在河道的整治上,有助於提高治理效率,操作、更換耗材的便利性。 The creator developed an ecological biological water purification system in the early years, which consists of one or more connected biological water purification units. It has a compact structure, simple and convenient control, small footprint, good purification effect, etc. In the rectification of the river course, it helps to improve the efficiency of treatment, and the convenience of handling and replacing consumables.

為達上述目的,本創作主要採行的技術手段係於一河道中設有能分段治理的數個橡膠攔水壩及數個生態生物淨水系統,並於河道至少一旁側設有能聯合治理的一微濕地生態淨水系統。其中,該些橡膠攔水壩係用以將該河道從上至下游分隔成數個攔水區域;該些生態生物淨水系統係分別位於相鄰二橡膠攔水壩之間的攔水區域,用以淨化該各攔水區域的水流;該微濕地生態淨水系統包含一雨水溝及若干水生植物,該雨水溝係沿該河道設置於一旁側,並設有若干排水口,以供該雨水溝的水能排入該河道,水生植物則係採用適應能力強、對污水淨化效果好的水生類沉水、浮水、挺水等植物,用以淨化該雨水溝中流過的水流。 In order to achieve the above objectives, the main technical means adopted in this creation is to have several rubber dams and several ecological biological water purification systems that can be managed in sections in a river channel, and to be able to jointly control at least one side of the river. A micro wetland ecological water purification system. Among them, the rubber dams are used to divide the river channel from the top to the bottom into a plurality of water blocking areas; the ecological biological water purification systems are respectively located in the water blocking area between the adjacent two rubber dams for purifying The water flow of each water-blocking area; the micro-wetland ecological water purification system comprises a rainwater ditch and a plurality of aquatic plants, the rainwater ditch is arranged along a side of the river channel, and is provided with a plurality of water drains for the rainwater ditch Water can be discharged into the river. Aquatic plants are plants such as aquatic submersible, floating water, and water that have strong adaptability and good purification effect on sewage, so as to purify the water flowing through the rain ditch.

較佳者,該河道的兩側設有側邊混凝土層,該河道的底部設有底部混凝土層,且該底部混凝土層設有集泥溝。 Preferably, the side of the river channel is provided with a side concrete layer, the bottom of the river channel is provided with a bottom concrete layer, and the bottom concrete layer is provided with a mud collecting ditch.

較佳者,該河道之側邊混凝土層和底部混凝土層的厚度為30cm以上。 Preferably, the side concrete layer and the bottom concrete layer of the river have a thickness of 30 cm or more.

較佳者,該河道的兩側設有護坡,而微濕地生態淨水系統係設置於該河道之側邊混凝土層和護坡之間。 Preferably, the riverside is provided with slope protection on both sides, and the micro-wetland ecological water purification system is disposed between the concrete layer and the slope protection side of the river channel.

較佳者,該各生態生物淨水系統設有一回放管道,該各回放管道係用以將該各生態生物淨水系統淨化的水回放至相應該攔水區域靠近上游的位置。 Preferably, each of the ecological biological water purification systems is provided with a playback pipeline for playing back the water purified by each ecological biological water purification system to a position corresponding to the upstream of the water blocking area.

較佳者,該各生態生物淨水系統設有一輸送管道連結至該雨水溝,該各輸送管道係用以將該各生態生物淨水系統淨化的水輸送至該雨水溝,供該微濕地生態淨水系統淨化處理後,經排水口排放至下游方向的攔水區域。 Preferably, the ecological biological water purification system is provided with a conveying pipe connected to the rainwater ditch, and the conveying pipes are used for conveying the purified water of each ecological biological water purification system to the rainwater ditch for the micro wetland. After the ecological water purification system is purified, it is discharged to the water blocking area in the downstream direction through the water outlet.

較佳者,該各生態生物淨水系統是由一個或多個相連的生物淨水單元所組成。 Preferably, the ecological biological water purification system is composed of one or more connected biological water purification units.

較佳者,該生物淨水單元包含設有進水口及出水口的一箱體,該箱體內依次設有沉澱池、厭氧池、缺氧池、一級生物濾池和二級生物濾池;其中,該沉澱池係連接該進水口,而該二級生物濾池連接該出水口,且該沉澱池與該厭氧池之間、該厭氧池與該缺氧池之間、該缺氧池與該一級生物濾池之間、該一級生物濾池與該二級生物濾池之間分別設有擋板和連通口,該些擋板和連通口係為上下依次交錯排列。 Preferably, the biological water purification unit comprises a tank body having a water inlet and a water outlet, wherein the tank body is provided with a sedimentation tank, an anaerobic tank, an anoxic tank, a first-stage biofilter and a secondary biofilter; Wherein the sedimentation tank is connected to the water inlet, and the secondary biofilter is connected to the water outlet, and the sedimentation tank and the anaerobic tank, the anaerobic tank and the anoxic tank, the anoxic tank and A baffle and a communication port are respectively disposed between the first-stage biofilters, the first-stage biofilter and the second-stage biofilter, and the baffles and the communication ports are staggered in order from top to bottom.

較佳者,該些橡膠攔水壩彼此間之間隔係介於1-5公里者為佳。 Preferably, the rubber dams are preferably spaced apart from each other by 1-5 km.

較佳者,該微濕地生態淨水系統之水生植物係透過浮板設置於該雨水溝中。 Preferably, the aquatic plant system of the micro wetland ecological water purification system is disposed in the rain drain through a floating plate.

本創作河道生態治理系統所採行的方法,主要係:1)沿水流方向,根據河道的長度和河道水量,在河道上均勻設置若干個橡膠攔水壩,在橡膠攔水壩和橡膠攔水壩之間、靠近下游的橡膠攔水壩處設置生態生物淨水系統,實行分段而治,污水進入生態生物淨水系統後利用微生物處理污水,處理後的水進入微濕地生態淨水系統;2)側邊混凝土層和護坡之間設有微濕地生態淨水系統;微 濕地生態淨水系統是由雨水溝和水生植物所組成,水生植物通過浮板固定在雨水溝中;生態生物淨水系統處理後的清水導入雨水溝,通過水生植物進一步降解和吸收水中的富營養成分,再進入河道下游方向的攔水區域,由下游的生態生物淨水系統進行再淨化處理,交錯輪替實行聯合治理;微濕地生態淨水系統的下方可供污水溝設置,污水溝主要是作為收集周圍環境廢水、污水的管路,將此些要排入河道的污水進行收集後,排入附近的汙水處理廠進行處理,處理達標後的水再排入河道;3)在河道的兩側設有側邊混凝土層,所述河道的底部設有底部混凝土層,並在底部混凝土層設有集泥溝,通過沉澱作用,淤泥逐漸進入集泥溝,便於及時清理淤泥。 The methods adopted in the creation of the river ecological management system are mainly as follows: 1) According to the direction of the water flow, according to the length of the river channel and the water volume of the river, a plurality of rubber dams are evenly arranged on the river channel, between the rubber dam and the rubber dam The ecological biological water purification system is set up near the downstream rubber dam, and the sewage is treated in stages. After the sewage enters the ecological biological water purification system, the sewage is treated by microorganisms, and the treated water enters the micro-wetland ecological water purification system; 2) side A micro-wetland ecological water purification system is provided between the concrete layer and the slope protection; The wetland ecological water purification system is composed of rainwater ditch and aquatic plants. The aquatic plants are fixed in the rain ditch by floating plates; the clear water treated by the ecological biological water purification system is introduced into the rain ditch, and further degraded and absorbed by the aquatic plants. Nutrient components, then enter the water-blocking area in the downstream direction of the river, re-purified by the downstream ecological biological water purification system, and the combined treatment is carried out in a staggered rotation; the lower part of the micro-wetland ecological water purification system can be used for sewage ditch setting, sewage ditch It is mainly used as a pipeline for collecting waste water and sewage from the surrounding environment. The sewage that is discharged into the river is collected and discharged into a nearby sewage treatment plant for treatment. The treated water is discharged into the river; 3) There are side concrete layers on both sides of the river channel. The bottom of the river channel is provided with a bottom concrete layer, and a mud collecting ditch is arranged in the bottom concrete layer. Through the sedimentation, the sludge gradually enters the mud collecting ditch, which is convenient for timely cleaning of the sludge.

根據本創作的河道生態治理系統,其有益效果有: According to the creation of the river ecological management system, the beneficial effects are as follows:

1.本創作在河道中設置多個橡膠攔水壩和生態生物淨水系統,不僅可蓄水方便使用,而且在相鄰的兩個橡膠攔水壩之間構建各自特有的淨水系統,並將其與河道兩側的微濕地生態淨水系統相連,通過水生植物進一步淨化,並提高水體自我淨化能力,實現了分段而治、聯合治理,有效提高污水淨化效率,縮短處理週期,簡化操作流程,降低成本,顯著改善河道的水生態環境。 1. This creation has multiple rubber dams and ecological biological water purification systems in the river channel, which not only can be used for water storage, but also build their own unique water purification system between two adjacent rubber dams and It is connected with the micro-wetland ecological water purification system on both sides of the river channel, further purifying the aquatic plants, and improving the self-purification ability of the water body, achieving segmentation and treatment, joint treatment, effectively improving sewage purification efficiency, shortening the treatment cycle, and simplifying the operation process. Reduce costs and significantly improve the water ecological environment of the river.

2.本創作將污水排入污水溝再進入汙水處理廠進行處理,減輕了直接排入河道造成再次污染;雨水溝的水經微濕地生態淨水系統處理後再排入河道,可顯著減輕後期汙水處理難度,降低治理費用,同時水生植物具有很好的景觀效果,有效美化河道及其兩岸的景觀,極大的改善河道生態效應。 2. This creation discharges the sewage into the sewage ditch and then enters the sewage treatment plant for treatment, which reduces the direct discharge into the river channel and causes re-contamination; the water in the rain ditch is treated by the micro-wetland ecological water purification system and then discharged into the river channel, which is remarkable. It will reduce the difficulty of sewage treatment in the later stage and reduce the cost of treatment. At the same time, aquatic plants have a good landscape effect, effectively beautify the river course and the landscape on both sides of the river, and greatly improve the ecological effects of the river.

3.本創作的水生植物可根據當地的氣候、水體污染源等進行適當更換,保證景觀和處理效果。 3. The aquatic plants of this creation can be appropriately replaced according to the local climate and water pollution sources to ensure the landscape and treatment effects.

4.本創作可以減少污泥的產生量,解決現行河道因底泥所產生的惡臭問題,同時集泥溝的污泥可定期分段排水清除,方便隨時清淤、徹底清淤,清淤的成本降低。 4. This creation can reduce the amount of sludge generated and solve the odor problem caused by the sediment in the current river. At the same time, the sludge collected in the mud can be periodically drained and removed, which is convenient for dredging, thorough dredging and dredging at any time. Reduce costs.

10‧‧‧河道 10‧‧‧ River

11‧‧‧側邊混凝土層 11‧‧‧ Side concrete layer

12‧‧‧底部混凝土層 12‧‧‧Bottom concrete layer

13‧‧‧集泥溝 13‧‧‧ Set mud ditch

20‧‧‧橡膠攔水壩 20‧‧‧Rubber dam

30‧‧‧生態生物淨水系統 30‧‧‧Ecological biological water purification system

301‧‧‧沉澱池 301‧‧‧Sedimentation tank

302‧‧‧厭氧池 302‧‧‧ Anaerobic pool

303‧‧‧缺氧池 303‧‧‧ anoxic pool

304‧‧‧一級生物濾池 304‧‧‧First-class biofilter

305‧‧‧二級生物濾池 305‧‧‧Secondary biofilter

31‧‧‧箱體 31‧‧‧ cabinet

32‧‧‧進水口 32‧‧‧ Inlet

33‧‧‧出水口 33‧‧‧Water outlet

34‧‧‧擋板 34‧‧‧Baffle

35‧‧‧連通口 35‧‧‧Connecting port

36‧‧‧淨水填料 36‧‧‧Water purification filler

37‧‧‧回放管道 37‧‧‧Replay pipeline

38‧‧‧輸送管道 38‧‧‧Transportation pipeline

40‧‧‧微濕地生態淨水系統 40‧‧‧Micro Wetland Ecological Water Purification System

41‧‧‧雨水溝 41‧‧‧rain ditch

42‧‧‧水生植物 42‧‧‧Aquatic plants

43‧‧‧浮板 43‧‧‧Float board

44‧‧‧排水口 44‧‧‧Drainage

50‧‧‧污水溝 50‧‧‧Sewage ditch

60‧‧‧護坡 60‧‧‧ slope protection

第1圖為本創作較佳實施例之立體示意圖。 Figure 1 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

第2圖為本創作較佳實施例之平面結構示意圖。 Figure 2 is a schematic plan view showing the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

第3圖為本創作較佳實施例側向剖面示意圖。 Figure 3 is a side cross-sectional view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

第4圖為本創作較佳實施例正向剖面示意圖。 Figure 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

第5圖為本創作較佳實施例生物淨水單元的結構示意圖。 Figure 5 is a schematic view showing the structure of the biological water purification unit of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

請參閱第1圖至第5圖所示,可知本創作主要是應用於一河道10的架構中,河道10兩旁側通常設有護坡60;於本實施例中河道生態治理系統的系統架構,主要包含有複數橡膠攔水壩20、複數生態生物淨水系統30及二微濕地生態淨水系統40。 Referring to Figures 1 to 5, it can be seen that the present invention is mainly applied to the structure of a river channel 10. The riverside 10 is usually provided with a slope protection 60. In this embodiment, the system architecture of the river ecological management system is mainly It includes a plurality of rubber dams 20, a plurality of ecological biological water purification systems 30 and a second micro wetland ecological water purification system 40.

橡膠攔水壩20及生態生物淨水系統30皆係設置於河道10中;其中,橡膠攔水壩20係根據河道的長度和水量做配置,約於每1~5公里設置一橡膠攔水壩20,將河道10從上至下游分隔成數個攔水區域;而生 態生物淨水系統30則係設置於相鄰二橡膠攔水壩20間的攔水區域,並位於靠近下游之橡膠攔水壩20的一側,用以淨化該各攔水區域的水流,達到分段治理的目的。 The rubber dam 20 and the ecological biological water purification system 30 are all installed in the river channel 10; wherein the rubber dam 20 is configured according to the length and water volume of the river, and a rubber dam 20 is arranged every 1 to 5 kilometers. The river channel 10 is divided into several water blocking areas from top to bottom; The state water purification system 30 is disposed in the water blocking area between the adjacent two rubber dams 20, and is located on the side of the rubber dam 20 near the downstream to purify the water flow of the water blocking areas to reach the segmentation. The purpose of governance.

於本實施例中,河道10的兩側設有側邊混凝土層11,底部設有底部混凝土層12,側邊混凝土層11及底部混凝土層12的厚度係以30cm以上為佳,用以避免污水滲透造成周圍環境的汙染;另外,底部混凝土層12設有集泥溝13,可透過沉澱作用,淤泥逐漸進入集泥溝,便於及時清理淤泥。 In this embodiment, the side of the river 10 is provided with a side concrete layer 11 and the bottom is provided with a bottom concrete layer 12, and the thickness of the side concrete layer 11 and the bottom concrete layer 12 is preferably 30 cm or more to avoid sewage. Infiltration causes pollution of the surrounding environment; in addition, the bottom concrete layer 12 is provided with a mud collecting ditch 13 which can pass through the sedimentation action, and the sludge gradually enters the collecting mud ditch, so that the sludge can be cleaned in time.

微濕地生態淨水系統40,係設置於河道10的兩側,一般來說,是位於河道10的側邊混凝土層11和護坡60之間的位置;微濕地生態淨水系統40包含有一雨水溝41及若干水生植物42,雨水溝41係沿河道10方向設置,並具有若干排水口44,排水口44可依實地環境有多種配置方式,諸如孔洞型態或凹缺口型態,主要係用以供雨水溝41的水排入河道10中;而水生植物42係採用適應能力強、對污水淨化效果好的水生類沉水、浮水、挺水等植物,透過浮板43設置於雨水溝41中,用以淨化雨水溝41中的水流。 The micro wetland ecological water purification system 40 is disposed on both sides of the river channel 10, generally, is located between the side concrete layer 11 and the slope protection 60 of the river channel 10; the micro wetland ecological water purification system 40 includes a The rain ditch 41 and some aquatic plants 42 and the rain ditch 41 are arranged along the channel 10 and have a plurality of drains 44. The drains 44 can be arranged in various ways according to the actual environment, such as a hole type or a concave notch type, mainly The water for the rainwater ditch 41 is discharged into the river channel 10; and the aquatic plant 42 is made of aquatic plants such as submersible water, floating water, and water that have good adaptability to the sewage purification effect, and is disposed in the rainwater through the floating plate 43. The groove 41 is for purifying the water flow in the rainwater ditch 41.

於本實施例中,各生態生物淨水系統30設有一回放管道37及一輸送管道38,用以將各生態生物淨水系統30淨化的水排放至預定位置;其中,回放管道37係將70%的淨化水回放至相應該攔水區域靠近上游的位置,而輸送管道38則係將30%的淨化水輸送至雨水溝41,提供微濕地生態淨水系統40進行淨化處理,再經雨水溝41的排水口44流入下游方向的攔水區域,達到聯合治理的目的。 In this embodiment, each ecological biological water purification system 30 is provided with a playback conduit 37 and a delivery conduit 38 for discharging the purified water of each ecological biological water purification system 30 to a predetermined position; wherein the playback pipeline 37 is 70 % of the purified water is replayed to the position corresponding to the upstream of the water-blocking area, and the conveying pipe 38 delivers 30% of the purified water to the rainwater ditch 41, providing the micro-wetland ecological water purification system 40 for purification treatment, and then rainwater The drain port 44 of the groove 41 flows into the water blocking area in the downstream direction for the purpose of joint management.

各生態生物淨水系統30,是由一個或多個相連的生物淨水單元所組成,每一生物淨水單元包含設有進水口32及出水口33的一箱體31,箱體31內設有數個淨水池,淨水池依次設有沉澱池301、厭氧池302、缺氧池303、一級生物濾池304和二級生物濾池305;其中,沉澱池301係連接進水口32,而二級生物濾池305連接出水口33,且沉澱池301與厭氧池302之間、厭氧池302與缺氧池303之間、缺氧池303與一級生物濾池304之間、一級生物濾池304與二級生物濾池305之間分別設有擋板34和連通口35,該些擋板34和連通口35係上下依次交錯排列。又,各淨水池中放置有便於更換的淨水填料36,其中,沉澱池301、厭氧池302及缺氧池303採用的淨水填料36為懸掛式的塑膠彈性填料,一級生物濾池304採用的淨水填料36為纖維絲狀網布填料,而二級生物濾池305採用的淨水填料36為生化陶瓷環類填料。 Each ecological biological water purification system 30 is composed of one or more connected biological water purification units, and each biological water purification unit comprises a tank 31 provided with a water inlet 32 and a water outlet 33, and the tank 31 is provided therein. There are several clean water pools, which are provided with a sedimentation tank 301, an anaerobic tank 302, an anoxic tank 303, a first-stage biofilter 304 and a second-stage biofilter 305; wherein the sedimentation tank 301 is connected to the water inlet 32. The secondary biofilter 305 is connected to the water outlet 33, and between the sedimentation tank 301 and the anaerobic tank 302, between the anaerobic tank 302 and the anoxic tank 303, between the anoxic tank 303 and the primary biofilter 304, A baffle 34 and a communication port 35 are respectively disposed between the biofilter 304 and the secondary biofilter 305, and the baffles 34 and the communication ports 35 are alternately arranged in a row. Moreover, a clean water filler 36 for easy replacement is disposed in each of the clean water tanks, wherein the clean water filler 36 used in the sedimentation tank 301, the anaerobic tank 302 and the anoxic tank 303 is a suspended plastic elastic filler, and the primary biological filter The purified water filler 36 used in the 304 is a fibrous filament mesh filler, and the clean water filler 36 used in the secondary biofilter 305 is a biochemical ceramic ring filler.

生物淨水單元的淨水概念,係先利用沉澱池301係進行粗過濾的過程,主要可去除污水中的懸浮物、較大顆粒物;隨後進入厭氧池302中,進行細過濾的過程,在過濾較小顆粒的同時,能讓污水中的磷被釋放,溶解性有機物被微生物利用而使水中COD、BOD和氨氮濃度下降;之後再進入缺氧池303中,進行微過濾的過程,反硝化菌利用污水中有機物作為碳源,從而去除污水中的部分氮;之後再進入一級生物濾池304,池內的纖維絲狀網布填料可為硝化細菌提供棲息場所,利用附著在填料上的微生物以及污水中流動微生物的相互作用,去除絕大部分的COD、BOD及部分氨氮;最後進入二級生物濾池305,生化陶瓷環類填料具有大的比表面積、大的孔隙率,且有較好的化學和物理穩定性等特點,使微生物大量繁殖,對 污水中氨氮進行徹底硝化,COD、BOD的進一步降解,同時去除污水中的磷,顯著淨化污水。 The concept of water purification of the biological water purification unit is to use the sedimentation tank 301 system for coarse filtration process, which mainly removes suspended solids and larger particulate matter in the sewage; then enters the anaerobic tank 302 to perform fine filtration process. While filtering smaller particles, the phosphorus in the sewage can be released, and the dissolved organic matter is utilized by the microorganisms to reduce the concentration of COD, BOD and ammonia nitrogen in the water; then enter the anoxic tank 303 for microfiltration, denitrification The bacteria use the organic matter in the sewage as a carbon source to remove part of the nitrogen in the sewage; and then enter the primary biofilter 304, and the fibrous filament mesh filler in the pool can provide a habitat for the nitrifying bacteria, and utilize the microorganism attached to the filler. And the interaction of flowing microorganisms in the sewage, removing most of the COD, BOD and part of the ammonia nitrogen; finally entering the secondary biofilter 305, the biochemical ceramic ring type filler has a large specific surface area, a large porosity, and is better Characteristics of chemical and physical stability, so that microorganisms multiply, The ammonia nitrogen in the sewage is completely nitrated, and the COD and BOD are further degraded. At the same time, the phosphorus in the sewage is removed, and the sewage is significantly purified.

根據本實施例河道生態治理系統所衍生的治理方法,具體係:1)沿水流方向,根據河道10的長度和河道10水量,在河道10上均勻設置若干個橡膠攔水壩20,在橡膠攔水壩20和橡膠攔水壩20之間、靠近下游的橡膠攔水壩20處設置生態生物淨水系統30,實行分段而治,污水進入生態生物淨水系統30後利用微生物處理污水,處理後的水進入微濕地生態淨水系統40;其中,橡膠攔水壩20彼此間的間隔為1-5公里,而生態生物淨水系統30是由一個或多個相連的生物處理單元所組成。 According to the treatment method derived from the river ecological management system of the present embodiment, the following is: 1) according to the direction of the water flow, according to the length of the river channel 10 and the water volume of the river channel 10, a plurality of rubber dams 20 are evenly arranged on the river channel 10, in the rubber dam 20 The ecological biological water purification system 30 is arranged between the rubber dam 20 and the rubber dam 20 near the downstream, and the ecological biological water purification system 30 is set up, and the sewage is entered into the ecological biological water purification system 30, and the sewage is treated by the microorganisms, and the treated water enters. The micro wetland ecological water purification system 40; wherein the rubber dams 20 are spaced apart from each other by 1-5 kilometers, and the ecological biological water purification system 30 is composed of one or more connected biological treatment units.

2)於河道10的側邊混凝土層11和護坡60之間設置微濕地生態淨水系統40;微濕地生態淨水系統40主要是由雨水溝41和水生植物42所組成,水生植物42通過浮板43固定在雨水溝41中;處理後的清水進入雨水溝41,通過水生植物42進一步降解和吸收水中的富營養成分,水再進入河道10下游方向的攔水區域,供下游位置的生態生物淨水系統30進行再淨化處理,實行聯合治理;所述微濕地生態淨水系統40的下方設有污水溝50,污水溝50將要排入河道10的污水進行收集後排入附近的汙水處理廠進行處理,處理達標後的水再排入河道10。 2) A micro-wetland ecological water purification system 40 is disposed between the side concrete layer 11 of the river channel 10 and the slope protection 60; the micro-wetland ecological water purification system 40 is mainly composed of a rainwater ditch 41 and an aquatic plant 42, and the aquatic plant 42 It is fixed in the rainwater ditch 41 by the floating plate 43; the treated clean water enters the rainwater ditch 41, and further degrades and absorbs the nutrient-rich component in the water through the aquatic plant 42, and the water enters the water-blocking area in the downstream direction of the river channel 10 for the downstream position. The ecological biological water purification system 30 performs re-purification treatment and implements joint treatment; the micro-wetland ecological water purification system 40 is provided with a sewage ditch 50 below, and the sewage ditch 50 is discharged into the sewage of the river 10 to be collected and discharged into the vicinity. The sewage treatment plant is treated, and the water after the standard is discharged is discharged into the river channel 10.

3)在河道10的兩側設有側邊混凝土層11,河道10的底部設有底部混凝土層12,並在底部混凝土層12設有集泥溝13,通過沉澱作用,淤泥逐漸進入集泥溝13,便於及時清理淤泥;其中,側邊混凝土層12和底部混凝土層13的厚度為30cm以上。 3) A side concrete layer 11 is arranged on both sides of the river channel 10, a bottom concrete layer 12 is arranged at the bottom of the river channel 10, and a mud collecting groove 13 is arranged at the bottom concrete layer 12, and the sludge gradually enters the mud collecting ditch by sedimentation. 13. It is convenient to clean the sludge in time; wherein the thickness of the side concrete layer 12 and the bottom concrete layer 13 is 30 cm or more.

根據本實施例的架構,實際應用時,讓河道10中的水在往 下游流動的過程中,通過各攔水區域時能有一定比例的水經生態生物淨水系統30的淨化;生態生物淨水系統30配設的回放管道37,能將70%淨化水回放至該攔水區域靠近上游的位置,用以提高水流能重複被淨化的機會,藉此能進一步增加水流通過各攔水區域時被淨化的比例;而生態生物淨水系統30配設的輸送管道38,則可將30%淨化水輸送至微濕地生態淨水系統40的雨水溝41中,藉由適當的流量控制,讓雨水溝41中的水流能經水生植物42淨化後,再經排水口44流回河道10的下一攔水區域。藉由上述的淨水過程,讓河道10的水在流動過程中,盡可能地經過多種、多次性的淨化處理,構成能高效整治河道10水質的生態治理系統。 According to the architecture of the embodiment, in actual application, the water in the river 10 is made In the downstream flow process, a certain proportion of water can be purified by the ecological biological water purification system 30 through each water blocking area; the playback pipeline 37 provided by the ecological biological water purification system 30 can play back 70% purified water to the The water-blocking area is close to the upstream position to increase the chance that the water flow can be repeatedly purified, thereby further increasing the proportion of the water stream being purified when passing through the water-blocking areas; and the ecological biological water purification system 30 is provided with a conveying pipe 38, Then, 30% purified water can be sent to the rainwater ditch 41 of the micro-wetland ecological water purification system 40, and the water flow in the rainwater ditch 41 can be purified by the aquatic plants 42 and then drained through the drainage port 44 by appropriate flow control. Flow back to the next water containment area of the river 10. Through the above-mentioned water purification process, the water of the river 10 is subjected to various and multiple purification treatments as much as possible during the flow process, thereby forming an ecological treatment system capable of efficiently rectifying the water quality of the river channel 10.

惟以上所述之實施形態,僅為本創作較佳之實施例說明,並非用以限制本創作之專利保護範圍,具體應以隨後申請專利範圍所定義之技術性思想為準,舉凡依本創作技術思想與專利範圍所延伸之變化、修飾、改變或等效置換者,亦皆應落入本創作之專利申請範圍內。 However, the embodiments described above are merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of patent protection of the present invention, and the technical idea defined by the scope of the subsequent patent application shall prevail. Changes, modifications, alterations, or equivalent substitutions of ideas and patent scopes are also intended to fall within the scope of the present patent application.

10‧‧‧河道 10‧‧‧ River

11‧‧‧側邊混凝土層 11‧‧‧ Side concrete layer

12‧‧‧底部混凝土層 12‧‧‧Bottom concrete layer

13‧‧‧集泥溝 13‧‧‧ Set mud ditch

20‧‧‧橡膠攔水壩 20‧‧‧Rubber dam

30‧‧‧生態生物淨水系統 30‧‧‧Ecological biological water purification system

37‧‧‧回放管道 37‧‧‧Replay pipeline

38‧‧‧輸送管道 38‧‧‧Transportation pipeline

40‧‧‧微濕地生態淨水系統 40‧‧‧Micro Wetland Ecological Water Purification System

41‧‧‧雨水溝 41‧‧‧rain ditch

42‧‧‧水生植物 42‧‧‧Aquatic plants

43‧‧‧浮板 43‧‧‧Float board

44‧‧‧排水口 44‧‧‧Drainage

50‧‧‧污水溝 50‧‧‧Sewage ditch

60‧‧‧護坡 60‧‧‧ slope protection

Claims (10)

一種河道生態治理系統,其係應用於一河道,包括:複數個橡膠攔水壩,其係設置於該河道中,用以將該河道從上至下游分隔成數個攔水區域;複數個生態生物淨水系統,其係設置於該河道中,並分別位於相鄰二橡膠攔水壩之間的攔水區域,用以淨化該各攔水區域的水流;及至少一微濕地生態淨水系統,其係設於該河道旁側,包含沿該河道設置之一雨水溝及設置於雨水溝中的若干水生植物,其中,水生植物係用以淨化該雨水溝之水流,而該雨水溝設有若干供水排入該河道之排水口。 A river ecological management system is applied to a river channel, comprising: a plurality of rubber dams, which are arranged in the river channel to divide the river channel into a plurality of water blocking areas from top to bottom; a plurality of ecological organisms a water system, which is disposed in the river channel and located respectively in a water blocking area between adjacent two rubber dams for purifying the water flow of the water blocking areas; and at least a micro wetland ecological water purification system, The utility model is disposed on the side of the river channel, and comprises a rainwater ditch disposed along the river channel and a plurality of aquatic plants disposed in the rainwater ditch, wherein the aquatic plant is used for purifying the water flow of the rain ditch, and the rain ditch is provided with a plurality of water supplies. Discharge into the drain of the river. 如請求項1所述之河道生態治理系統,其中該河道的兩側設有側邊混凝土層,該河道的底部設有底部混凝土層,且該底部混凝土層設有集泥溝。 The river ecological management system according to claim 1, wherein the side of the river channel is provided with a side concrete layer, the bottom of the river channel is provided with a bottom concrete layer, and the bottom concrete layer is provided with a mud collecting ditch. 如請求項2所述之河道生態治理系統,其中側邊混凝土層和底部混凝土層的厚度為30cm以上。 The river ecological management system according to claim 2, wherein the thickness of the side concrete layer and the bottom concrete layer is 30 cm or more. 如請求項1所述之河道生態治理系統,其中該河道的兩側設有護坡,而微濕地生態淨水系統係設置於該河道之側邊混凝土層和護坡之間。 The river ecological management system according to claim 1, wherein the river channel is provided with slope protection on both sides, and the micro-wetland ecological water purification system is disposed between the concrete layer and the slope protection side of the river channel. 如請求項1所述之河道生態治理系統,其中該各生態生物淨水系統設有一回放管道,該各回放管道係用以將該各生態生物淨水系統淨化的水回放至相應該攔水區域靠近上游的位置。 The river ecological management system according to claim 1, wherein each of the ecological biological water purification systems is provided with a playback pipeline, wherein the playback pipelines are used to play back the water purified by each ecological biological water purification system to the corresponding water receiving area. Close to the upstream location. 如請求項1所述之河道生態治理系統,其中該各生態生物淨水系統設 有一輸送管道連結至該雨水溝,該各輸送管道係用以將該各生態生物淨水系統淨化的水輸送至該雨水溝,供該微濕地生態淨水系統淨化處理後,經排水口排放至下游方向的攔水區域。 The river ecological management system according to claim 1, wherein the ecological biological water purification system is a conveying pipe is connected to the rainwater ditch, and the conveying pipes are used for conveying the water purified by the ecological biological water purifying system to the rainwater ditch, and after being purified by the micro-wetland ecological water purification system, discharged through the water outlet The water blocking area to the downstream direction. 如請求項6所述之河道生態治理系統,其中該各生態生物淨水系統是由一個或多個相連的生物淨水單元所組成。 The river ecological management system according to claim 6, wherein the ecological biological water purification system is composed of one or more connected biological water purification units. 如請求項7所述之河道生態治理系統,其中該生物淨水單元包含設有進水口及出水口的一箱體,該箱體內依次設有沉澱池、厭氧池、缺氧池、一級生物濾池和二級生物濾池;其中,該沉澱池係連接該進水口,而該二級生物濾池連接該出水口,且該沉澱池與該厭氧池之間、該厭氧池與該缺氧池之間、該缺氧池與該一級生物濾池之間、該一級生物濾池與該二級生物濾池之間分別設有擋板和連通口,該些擋板和連通口係為上下依次交錯排列。 The river ecological management system according to claim 7, wherein the biological water purification unit comprises a tank having a water inlet and a water outlet, wherein the tank is provided with a sedimentation tank, an anaerobic tank, an anoxic pool, and a primary organism. a filter tank and a secondary biofilter; wherein the sedimentation tank is connected to the water inlet, and the secondary biofilter is connected to the water outlet, and the anaerobic pool and the anaerobic pool and the anaerobic pool A baffle and a communication port are respectively disposed between the oxygen pools, between the anoxic tank and the first-stage biofilter, and between the first-stage biofilter and the second-stage biofilter, and the baffles and the communication ports are up and down Staggered in order. 如請求項8所述之河道生態治理系統,其中該些橡膠攔水壩彼此間之間隔係介於1-5公里。 The river ecological management system according to claim 8, wherein the rubber dams are spaced apart from each other by 1-5 kilometers. 如請求項9所述之河道生態治理系統,其中該微濕地生態淨水系統之水生植物係透過浮板設置於該雨水溝中。 The river ecological management system according to claim 9, wherein the aquatic plant system of the micro-wetland ecological water purification system is disposed in the rain drain through a floating plate.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107721079A (en) * 2017-11-11 2018-02-23 安徽水韵环保股份有限公司 A kind of urban river ecological is administered and repair system
CN108483624A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-09-04 浙江甲基源生命科技有限公司 A kind of shock resistance aquaculture governing system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107721079A (en) * 2017-11-11 2018-02-23 安徽水韵环保股份有限公司 A kind of urban river ecological is administered and repair system
CN108483624A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-09-04 浙江甲基源生命科技有限公司 A kind of shock resistance aquaculture governing system

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