TWI773126B - Intelligent water purification system - Google Patents

Intelligent water purification system Download PDF

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TWI773126B
TWI773126B TW110104577A TW110104577A TWI773126B TW I773126 B TWI773126 B TW I773126B TW 110104577 A TW110104577 A TW 110104577A TW 110104577 A TW110104577 A TW 110104577A TW I773126 B TWI773126 B TW I773126B
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water
treatment tank
channel
water quality
signal
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TW110104577A
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TW202232099A (en
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沈哲平
吳琮壬
沈鐘潛
吳坤忠
黃謝恭
洪學儒
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華新智能科技有限公司
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Abstract

An intelligent water purification system is provided. The intelligent water purification system includes a primary processing tank; a plurality of secondary processing tanks; a plurality of drainage tunnels, each including a valve and a water entrance, and each water entrance is set inside the primary processing tank with different depth level; a plurality of water channels, connecting to the secondary processing tank separately; a water distributor, applied to adjust the water connection between each drainage tunnel and each water channel; a plurality of water quality sensors, set inside the primary processing tank with depth level corresponding to the water entrance of the drainage tunnel; a controller, adjusting the valve corresponding to the water quality sensor based on the quality signal send by said water quality sensor, and adjusting the water distributor based on the status of the secondary processing tank.

Description

智能淨水系統Smart water purification system

本發明係關於一種淨水系統。The present invention relates to a water purification system.

圖1係習知之淨水系統之示意圖,請參照圖1。習知之淨水系統包含串聯設置的多個處理槽,各個處理槽用以執行不同的淨水工作。首先,淨水系統自水源地,如溪水、水庫、湖泊等地點,取得原水101。原水101經汲取後被置於儲水槽102進行初步沉砂,接著,分水井將原水101分配至第一處理槽103。第一處理槽103可以是將原水101與化學藥劑混合之處理槽。該些化學藥劑帶有正電,將水中帶有負電的雜質電性中和,使其聚集。第二處理槽104可以是將帶有化學藥劑之原水101進行攪拌之處理槽,使水中的雜質聚集而逐漸形成團狀的膠羽。帶有膠羽之原水101將被釋放到第三處理槽105。第三處理槽105將原水101內的膠羽進行沉澱後,排入第四處理槽106。第四處理槽106可以用於將原水101進行過濾處理,第五處理槽107可以用於將完成過濾之原水101加入化學藥劑以進行殺菌作業。原水101經淨水處理後產生之清水,經由管線被輸送到各個供水區。FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a conventional water purification system, please refer to FIG. 1 . The conventional water purification system includes a plurality of treatment tanks arranged in series, and each treatment tank is used to perform different water purification tasks. First, the water purification system obtains raw water 101 from water sources, such as streams, reservoirs, lakes, and the like. After being drawn, the raw water 101 is placed in the water storage tank 102 for preliminary sand settling, and then, the water distribution well distributes the raw water 101 to the first treatment tank 103 . The first treatment tank 103 may be a treatment tank in which the raw water 101 and chemicals are mixed. These chemicals are positively charged, which electrically neutralize the negatively charged impurities in the water, causing them to aggregate. The second treatment tank 104 may be a treatment tank for stirring the raw water 101 with chemicals, so that impurities in the water are aggregated to gradually form agglomerated gelatinous feathers. The raw water 101 with gelatinous feathers will be released to the third treatment tank 105 . The rubber plume in the raw water 101 is deposited in the third treatment tank 105 and then discharged into the fourth treatment tank 106 . The fourth treatment tank 106 can be used to filter the raw water 101, and the fifth treatment tank 107 can be used to add chemicals to the filtered raw water 101 for sterilization. The clean water produced after the raw water 101 is treated with water purification is transported to various water supply areas through pipelines.

習知之淨水系統雖已長期被應用在現有的淨水廠,然在部分特殊情況下,其淨水效率將被大打折扣。舉例而言,串聯設置的多個處理槽之中,任一處理槽被汙染時,僅能將該被污染之處理槽完全排空,以利承接前一級排入的待處理水。此外,當任一處理槽在執行清理作業時,僅能將整個淨水系統暫停。如此一來,習知之淨水系統通常僅允許在供水區用水需求較少的夜間執行清理作業。Although the known water purification system has been used in existing water purification plants for a long time, in some special cases, its water purification efficiency will be greatly reduced. For example, among multiple treatment tanks arranged in series, when any treatment tank is polluted, only the contaminated treatment tank can be completely emptied, so as to receive the water to be treated discharged from the previous stage. In addition, the entire water purification system can only be suspended while any treatment tank is performing a cleaning operation. As such, conventional water purification systems typically only allow clean-up operations to be performed at night when the water demand in the water supply area is low.

有鑑於此,發明人提出一種智能淨水系統,該智能淨水系統用以處理一原水,該智能淨水系統包含:一初級處理槽,用以對該原水進行沉澱處理;多個次級處理槽,各個次級處理槽的功能可以不同,例如用以對該原水進行過濾處理、逆滲透處理、電解去離子化處理、高壓臭氧消毒處理或高溫消毒處理…等,然不限於此;多個汲水通道,各該汲水通道包含一閥門與一入水口,該入水口設置於該初級處理槽內,各該汲水通道之入水口於該初級處理槽內之深度位準相異;多個輸水通道,分別連接各該次級處理槽;一分流器,連接該多個汲水通道與該多個輸水通道,該分流器用以調整各該汲水通道與各該輸水通道之連通關係;多個第一水質感測器,設置於該初級處理槽,各該第一水質感測器於該初級處理槽之深度位準分別對應各該汲水通道之入水口之深度位準,該第一水質感測器用以量測該初級處理槽之水質狀態,並發送一水質訊號;以及一控制器,接收各該第一水質感測器所發送之該水質訊號,並根據該水質訊號開啟或關閉各該第一水質感測器所對應之汲水通道之閥門,以及根據各該次級處理槽之狀態控制該分流器。In view of this, the inventor proposes an intelligent water purification system, the intelligent water purification system is used for processing a raw water, and the intelligent water purification system includes: a primary treatment tank for precipitation treatment of the raw water; a plurality of secondary treatment The function of each secondary treatment tank can be different, for example, it is used to filter the raw water, reverse osmosis treatment, electrolytic deionization treatment, high pressure ozone disinfection treatment or high temperature disinfection treatment, etc., but not limited to this; multiple Water drawing channels, each water drawing channel includes a valve and a water inlet, the water inlet is arranged in the primary treatment tank, and the depth levels of the water inlets of the water drawing channels in the primary treatment tank are different; many A water delivery channel is connected to each of the secondary treatment tanks respectively; a flow divider is connected to the plurality of water drawing channels and the plurality of water delivery channels, and the flow divider is used to adjust the relationship between the water drawing channels and the water delivery channels A communication relationship; a plurality of first water quality sensors are arranged in the primary treatment tank, and the depth level of each of the first water quality sensors in the primary treatment tank corresponds to the depth level of the water inlet of each of the water drawing channels. , the first water quality sensor is used to measure the water quality status of the primary treatment tank and send a water quality signal; and a controller receives the water quality signal sent by each of the first water quality sensor, and according to the water quality The signal opens or closes the valve of the water-drawing channel corresponding to each of the first water quality sensors, and controls the diverter according to the state of each of the secondary treatment tanks.

依據一些實施例,智能淨水系統提供線上分部檢修功能,於部分次級處理槽在執行水資源淨化的同時,可就未使用的次級處理槽,就該槽內相關設備及軟硬體和對應管網進行檢修維護,無需完全將整個智能淨水系統停機方可進行大規模檢修。According to some embodiments, the intelligent water purification system provides an online branch maintenance function. While some secondary treatment tanks are performing water purification, the unused secondary treatment tanks can be used for related equipment and software and hardware in the tank. And the corresponding pipe network is repaired and maintained, and large-scale repairs can be carried out without completely shutting down the entire intelligent water purification system.

依據一些實施例,各該第一水質感測器對應設置於各該汲水通道之入水口附近。According to some embodiments, each of the first water quality sensors is correspondingly disposed near the water inlet of each of the water-drawing channels.

依據一些實施例,該第一水質感測器為多個,考量初級處理槽內的水質濃度不一定均衡,當整個初級處理槽內的多個第一水質感測器皆達到該槽的目標水質標準,再將原水排入次級處理槽。According to some embodiments, the first water quality sensor is multiple, considering that the water quality concentration in the primary treatment tank is not necessarily balanced, when the multiple first water quality sensors in the entire primary treatment tank all reach the target water quality of the tank. standard, and then discharge the raw water into the secondary treatment tank.

依據一些實施例,智能淨水系統更包含多個水位感測器,該水位感測器設置於該次級處理槽,用以量測該次級處理槽之水位狀態並發送一水位訊號,該控制器根據該水位訊號控制該分流器。According to some embodiments, the intelligent water purification system further includes a plurality of water level sensors. The water level sensors are arranged in the secondary treatment tank to measure the water level state of the secondary treatment tank and send a water level signal. The controller controls the diverter according to the water level signal.

依據一些實施例,智能淨水系統更包含多個第二水質感測器,該第二水質感測器設置於該次級處理槽,用以量測該次級處理槽之水質狀態並發送一水質訊號,該控制器根據該水質訊號控制該分流器。依據一些實施例,該控制器參照當前智能淨水系統中各個次級處理槽的狀態與性能目標,考量處理成效與耗時,選定任一該次級處理槽用以接續第一水槽的淨化,並控制該分流器以將原水引導至目標之該次級處理槽。According to some embodiments, the intelligent water purification system further includes a plurality of second water quality sensors, and the second water quality sensors are arranged in the secondary treatment tank to measure the water quality status of the secondary treatment tank and send a water quality signal, the controller controls the diverter according to the water quality signal. According to some embodiments, the controller refers to the status and performance target of each secondary treatment tank in the current intelligent water purification system, considers the treatment effect and time-consuming, and selects any one of the secondary treatment tanks to continue the purification of the first water tank, And control the diverter to direct raw water to the target secondary treatment tank.

依據一些實施例,智能淨水系統更包含一汙水處理槽,連接各該次級處理槽,該控制器根據該水質訊號控制各該次級處理槽與該汙水處理槽之連通關係。According to some embodiments, the intelligent water purification system further includes a sewage treatment tank connected to each of the secondary treatment tanks, and the controller controls the communication relationship between each of the secondary treatment tanks and the sewage treatment tank according to the water quality signal.

依據一些實施例,各該次級處理槽更包含一反沖洗裝置,當任一該次級處理槽之反沖洗裝置運作時,該控制器控制該分流器,使正在運行該反沖洗裝置之次級處理槽與該初級處理槽之連通關係保持關閉。According to some embodiments, each of the secondary treatment tanks further includes a backwashing device, and when the backwashing device of any of the secondary treatment tanks is in operation, the controller controls the flow divider so that the backwashing device is running next. The communication relationship between the primary treatment tank and the primary treatment tank remains closed.

依據一些實施例,智能淨水系統更包含多個第二水質感測器,該第二水質感測器設置於該次級處理槽,用以量測該次級處理槽之水質狀態並發送一水質訊號,該控制器根據該水質訊號控制該次級處理槽之反沖洗裝置。According to some embodiments, the intelligent water purification system further includes a plurality of second water quality sensors, and the second water quality sensors are arranged in the secondary treatment tank to measure the water quality status of the secondary treatment tank and send a water quality signal, the controller controls the backwashing device of the secondary treatment tank according to the water quality signal.

依據一些實施例,該輸水通道與該分流器之連接處設置一第一壓力感測器,該第一壓力感測器用以量測該輸水通道之壓力狀態並發送一第一壓力訊號,該輸水通道與該次級處理槽之連接處設置一第二壓力感測器,該第二壓力感測器用以量測該輸水通道之壓力狀態並發送一第二壓力訊號,當該分流器被設定為連通該初級處理槽與指定之該輸水通道,且於該輸水通道所量測之第一壓力訊號或第二壓力訊號之量值實質低於一壓力閾值,該控制器發出一分流器故障警示訊號。According to some embodiments, a first pressure sensor is set at the connection between the water delivery channel and the flow divider, and the first pressure sensor is used to measure the pressure state of the water delivery channel and send a first pressure signal, A second pressure sensor is arranged at the connection between the water delivery channel and the secondary treatment tank, and the second pressure sensor is used to measure the pressure state of the water delivery channel and send a second pressure signal. The controller is set to connect the primary treatment tank and the designated water delivery channel, and the magnitude of the first pressure signal or the second pressure signal measured in the water delivery channel is substantially lower than a pressure threshold, the controller sends A shunt failure warning signal.

依據一些實施例,該輸水通道與該分流器之連接處設置一第一壓力感測器,該第一壓力感測器用以量測該輸水通道之壓力狀態並發送一第一壓力訊號,該輸水通道與該次級處理槽之連接處設置一第二壓力感測器,該第二壓力感測器用以量測該輸水通道之壓力狀態並發送一第二壓力訊號,當該分流器被設定為連通該初級處理槽與指定之該輸水通道,且於該輸水通道所量測之第一壓力訊號與第二壓力訊號之量值差實質高於一壓力差閾值,該控制器發出一輸水通道阻塞警示訊號。According to some embodiments, a first pressure sensor is set at the connection between the water delivery channel and the flow divider, and the first pressure sensor is used to measure the pressure state of the water delivery channel and send a first pressure signal, A second pressure sensor is arranged at the connection between the water delivery channel and the secondary treatment tank, and the second pressure sensor is used to measure the pressure state of the water delivery channel and send a second pressure signal. The device is set to communicate with the primary treatment tank and the designated water delivery channel, and the magnitude difference between the first pressure signal and the second pressure signal measured in the water delivery channel is substantially higher than a pressure difference threshold, the control The device sends out a warning signal for the blockage of the water delivery channel.

發明人還提出另一智能淨水系統,該智能淨水系統包含一初級處理槽,用以對該原水進行沉澱處理;多個次級處理槽,用以對該原水進行過濾處理;一汲水通道,該汲水通道包含多個閥門與多個入水口,各該閥門對應各該入水口,各該入水口設置於該初級處理槽內,該汲水通道之各該入水口於該初級處理槽內之深度位準相異;多個輸水通道,分別連接各該次級處理槽;一分流器,連接該汲水通道與該多個輸水通道,該分流器用以調整該汲水通道與各該輸水通道之連通關係;多個第一水質感測器,設置於該初級處理槽,各該第一水質感測器於該初級處理槽之深度位準分別對應該汲水通道之各該入水口之深度位準,該第一水質感測器用以量測該初級處理槽之水質狀態,並發送一水質訊號;以及一控制器,接收各該第一水質感測器所發送之該水質訊號,並根據該水質訊號開啟或關閉各該第一水質感測器所對應之入水口之閥門,以及根據各該次級處理槽之狀態控制該分流器。The inventor also proposes another intelligent water purification system, the intelligent water purification system includes a primary treatment tank for precipitation treatment of the raw water; a plurality of secondary treatment tanks for filter treatment of the raw water; channel, the water drawing channel includes a plurality of valves and a plurality of water inlets, each of the valves corresponds to each of the water inlets, each of the water inlets is arranged in the primary treatment tank, and each of the water inlets of the water drawing channel is in the primary treatment The depth levels in the tanks are different; a plurality of water conveying channels are respectively connected to each of the secondary treatment tanks; a diverter is connected to the water drawing channel and the plurality of water conveying channels, and the diverter is used to adjust the water drawing channel A communication relationship with each of the water delivery channels; a plurality of first water quality sensors are arranged in the primary treatment tank, and the depth levels of each of the first water quality sensors in the primary treatment tank are respectively corresponding to the depth of the water drawing channel. The depth level of each of the water inlets, the first water quality sensor is used to measure the water quality status of the primary treatment tank, and sends a water quality signal; and a controller receives the information sent by each of the first water quality sensors According to the water quality signal, the valve of the water inlet corresponding to each of the first water quality sensors is opened or closed, and the flow divider is controlled according to the state of each of the secondary treatment tanks.

圖2係依據本案之第一實施例之智能淨水系統之示意圖,請參照圖2。智能淨水系統20可以是但不限於應用於淨水廠、工業用淨水器或家用淨水器之淨水系統。智能淨水系統20用以處理原水101,所述原水101可以是自原水源所取得之未經處理過的水,亦可以是經過部分處理程序處理過的水。智能淨水系統20包含初級處理槽201、次級處理槽202、汲水通道203、輸水通道204、分流器205、第一水質感測器206以及控制器208。所述汲水通道203包含閥門2031與入水口2032,入水口2032設置於初級處理槽201內,且各個汲水通道203之入水口2032於初級處理槽201內設置於不同的深度位準。多個輸水通道204分別連接各個次級處理槽202。分流器205介於多個汲水通道203與多個輸水通道204之間,用於連接汲水通道203與輸水通道204。第一水質感測器206設置於初級處理槽201內。FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the intelligent water purification system according to the first embodiment of the present application, please refer to FIG. 2 . The intelligent water purification system 20 can be, but is not limited to, a water purification system applied to a water purification plant, an industrial water purifier or a household water purifier. The intelligent water purification system 20 is used to treat the raw water 101 , and the raw water 101 can be untreated water obtained from the raw water source, or can be treated by a partial treatment procedure. The intelligent water purification system 20 includes a primary treatment tank 201 , a secondary treatment tank 202 , a water drawing channel 203 , a water delivery channel 204 , a diverter 205 , a first water quality sensor 206 and a controller 208 . The water drawing channel 203 includes a valve 2031 and a water inlet 2032 . The water inlet 2032 is disposed in the primary treatment tank 201 , and the water inlets 2032 of each water drawing channel 203 are disposed at different depth levels in the primary treatment tank 201 . A plurality of water conveyance channels 204 are respectively connected to the respective secondary treatment tanks 202 . The diverter 205 is interposed between the plurality of water-drawing channels 203 and the plurality of water-delivery channels 204 , and is used for connecting the water-drawing channels 203 and the water-delivery channels 204 . The first water quality sensor 206 is disposed in the primary treatment tank 201 .

請參照圖3,圖3係依據本案之一些實施例之初級處理槽之壁面之示意圖,其繪示出多個第一水質感測器206設置於圖2虛線框標記之初級處理槽201之壁面。第一水質感測器206於初級處理槽201內設置於不同的深度位準,且對應到各個汲水通道203之入水口2032之深度位準。依據一些實施例,第一水質感測器206設置於汲水通道203之入水口2032附近。所述附近可以指汲水通道203之入水口2032位於第一水質感測器206所容許感測之範圍以內。Please refer to FIG. 3 . FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the wall surface of the primary treatment tank according to some embodiments of the present application, which depicts that a plurality of first water quality sensors 206 are disposed on the wall surface of the primary treatment tank 201 marked by the dotted frame in FIG. 2 . . The first water quality sensors 206 are arranged at different depth levels in the primary treatment tank 201 and correspond to the depth levels of the water inlets 2032 of each water drawing channel 203 . According to some embodiments, the first water quality sensor 206 is disposed near the water inlet 2032 of the water drawing channel 203 . The vicinity can mean that the water inlet 2032 of the water-drawing channel 203 is located within the sensing range of the first water quality sensor 206 .

如圖2所示,初級處理槽201用以對原水101進行沉澱處理。依據一些實施例,初級處理槽201於沉澱處理過程中,允許原水101持續進入。依據一些實施例,為避免持續進入的原水101擾動初級處理槽201內處理中的原水101,原水101進入初級處理槽201後被靜置,直到完成沉澱處理。初級處理槽201並不限應用在處理原水101之第一個處理步驟,亦可以應用在其他處理步驟之後。智能淨水系統20包含多個次級處理槽202。依據一些實施例,各個次級處理槽202的功能可以相同或不同,例如用以對原水101進行過濾處理、逆滲透處理、電解去離子化處理、高壓臭氧消毒處理或高溫消毒處理…等,然不限於此。舉例而言,為供給食品級或醫療用水,次級處理槽202可以包含高溫殺菌淨化模組;為供給半導體加工廠用水,次級處理槽202可以包含物理或化學逆滲透模組,提供去離子化的清水以避免淨水藥劑的化學性質影響製程。依據一些實施例,次級處理槽202包含有濾料層,用以對原水101進行過濾處理。智能淨水系統20包含多個次級處理槽202。依據一些實施例,各個次級處理槽202為並聯關係,換言之,任一次級處理槽202處理完畢之原水101並不一定流向另一次級處理槽202。智能淨水系統20包含多個汲水通道203,各個汲水通道203的入水口2032設置於初級處理槽201內,且各個入水口2032的深度位準不同。As shown in FIG. 2 , the primary treatment tank 201 is used for precipitation treatment of the raw water 101 . According to some embodiments, the primary treatment tank 201 allows continuous entry of the raw water 101 during the precipitation treatment process. According to some embodiments, in order to prevent the continuously entering raw water 101 from disturbing the raw water 101 being processed in the primary treatment tank 201 , the raw water 101 is allowed to stand after entering the primary treatment tank 201 until the precipitation treatment is completed. The primary treatment tank 201 is not limited to be applied in the first treatment step of treating the raw water 101, and can also be applied after other treatment steps. The smart water purification system 20 includes a plurality of secondary treatment tanks 202 . According to some embodiments, the functions of each secondary treatment tank 202 may be the same or different, for example, to perform filtration treatment, reverse osmosis treatment, electrolytic deionization treatment, high pressure ozone sterilization treatment or high temperature sterilization treatment on the raw water 101, etc. Not limited to this. For example, for supplying food grade or medical water, the secondary treatment tank 202 may include a high temperature sterilization purification module; for supplying water to a semiconductor processing plant, the secondary treatment tank 202 may include a physical or chemical reverse osmosis module to provide deionization To avoid the chemical properties of the water purification agent affecting the process. According to some embodiments, the secondary treatment tank 202 includes a filter material layer for filtering the raw water 101 . The smart water purification system 20 includes a plurality of secondary treatment tanks 202 . According to some embodiments, each secondary treatment tank 202 is in a parallel relationship, in other words, the raw water 101 processed by any secondary treatment tank 202 does not necessarily flow to another secondary treatment tank 202 . The intelligent water purification system 20 includes a plurality of water drawing channels 203 , the water inlets 2032 of each water drawing channel 203 are disposed in the primary treatment tank 201 , and the depth levels of the water inlets 2032 are different.

舉例而言,圖2之第一實施例之智能淨水系統20共包含三個汲水通道203,各個汲水通道203的入水口2032依序位於第一深度位準301、第二深度位準302及第三深度位準303。當原水101於沉澱處理過程中,較靠近水面的第一深度位準301之原水101較早完成沉澱處理,其次為第二深度位準302之原水101,最後為第三深度位準303之原水101。各個深度位準之原水101於完成沉澱處理後,自該位準對應之汲水通道203的入水口2032排出。依據一些實施例,原水101進入初級處理槽201後被靜置,並阻止原水101繼續進入初級處理槽201以避免擾動處理中的既存原水101。如此一來,當第一深度位準301的原水101完成沉澱處理並自第一深度位準301的汲水通道203之入水口2032排出後,初級處理槽201內的水位下降而無法繼續維持在第一深度位準301。於此情況,當第二深度位準302的原水101完成沉澱處理後,其將自第二深度位準302的汲水通道203之入水口2032排出,依此類推。於此實施例,智能淨水系統20達到不干擾靜置中原水101之沉澱處理且能持續排出完成處理之原水101的功效。For example, the intelligent water purification system 20 of the first embodiment of FIG. 2 includes three water drawing channels 203 in total, and the water inlets 2032 of each water drawing channel 203 are located at the first depth level 301 and the second depth level in sequence. 302 and a third depth level 303 . When the raw water 101 is in the sedimentation process, the raw water 101 of the first depth level 301 closer to the water surface completes the sedimentation treatment earlier, followed by the raw water 101 of the second depth level 302 , and finally the raw water of the third depth level 303 101. After the precipitation treatment is completed, the raw water 101 of each depth level is discharged from the water inlet 2032 of the water drawing channel 203 corresponding to the level. According to some embodiments, the raw water 101 is allowed to stand after entering the primary treatment tank 201, and the raw water 101 is prevented from continuing to enter the primary treatment tank 201 to avoid disturbing the existing raw water 101 in treatment. In this way, after the raw water 101 of the first depth level 301 has completed the precipitation treatment and is discharged from the water inlet 2032 of the water drawing channel 203 of the first depth level 301, the water level in the primary treatment tank 201 drops and cannot be maintained at the A first depth level 301 . In this case, after the raw water 101 of the second depth level 302 completes the precipitation treatment, it will be discharged from the water inlet 2032 of the water drawing channel 203 of the second depth level 302 , and so on. In this embodiment, the intelligent water purification system 20 achieves the effect of not interfering with the precipitation treatment of the raw water 101 in the standing state and being able to continuously discharge the treated raw water 101 .

如圖3所示,智能淨水系統20於各個預設的深度位準設置多個第一水質感測器206,以偵測各個深度位準之原水101的水質並發送水質訊號,控制器208接收水質訊號以確認該深度位準之原水101是否完成沉澱處理。所述水質感測器可以是但不限於用以量測酸鹼值、離子濃度、有機或非有機物濃度之感測器(如水質濁度感測器)。所述水質訊號可以是但不限於有線或無線訊號。當控制器208判斷第一深度位準301的原水101符合水質標準後,其控制第一深度位準301的汲水通道203之閥門2031開啟,使原水101自汲水通道203之入水口2032排出。當控制器208判斷第二深度位準302的原水101符合水質標準後,其控制第二深度位準302的汲水通道203之閥門2031開啟,使原水101自汲水通道203之入水口2032排出;當控制器208判斷第一深度位準301及第二深度位準302的原水101符合水質標準後,將第一深度位準301及第二深度位準302的汲水通道203之閥門2031開啟,或僅將第二深度位準302的汲水通道203之閥門2031開啟,使原水101自汲水通道203之入水口2032排出。應了解的是,圖3僅呈現智能淨水系統20之其中一種實施方式。所述各個汲水通道203之入水口2032或所述第一水質感測器206並不限於設置於初級處理槽201之壁面。舉例而言,汲水通道203為水管,多支水管延伸至初級處理槽201的槽體中心位置附近,各水管之入水口2032依序設置於水面下相異深度位準。舉例而言,如圖4所示,汲水通道203為水管,單支水管延伸至初級處理槽201的槽體中心位置附近,該水管包含多個入水口2032,各個入水口2032依序設置於水面下不同深度位準。As shown in FIG. 3 , the intelligent water purification system 20 is provided with a plurality of first water quality sensors 206 at each preset depth level to detect the water quality of the raw water 101 at each depth level and send a water quality signal. The controller 208 The water quality signal is received to confirm whether the precipitation treatment of the raw water 101 at the depth level is completed. The water quality sensor can be, but is not limited to, a sensor (such as a water turbidity sensor) for measuring pH, ion concentration, organic or non-organic concentration. The water quality signal can be, but not limited to, a wired or wireless signal. When the controller 208 determines that the raw water 101 of the first depth level 301 meets the water quality standard, it controls the valve 2031 of the water drawing channel 203 of the first depth level 301 to open, so that the raw water 101 is discharged from the water inlet 2032 of the water drawing channel 203 . When the controller 208 determines that the raw water 101 of the second depth level 302 meets the water quality standard, it controls the valve 2031 of the water drawing channel 203 of the second depth level 302 to open, so that the raw water 101 is discharged from the water inlet 2032 of the water drawing channel 203 ; When the controller 208 determines that the raw water 101 of the first depth level 301 and the second depth level 302 meets the water quality standard, the valve 2031 of the suction channel 203 of the first depth level 301 and the second depth level 302 is opened , or only open the valve 2031 of the water drawing channel 203 of the second depth level 302 , so that the raw water 101 is discharged from the water inlet 2032 of the water drawing channel 203 . It should be understood that FIG. 3 only presents one embodiment of the smart water purification system 20 . The water inlets 2032 of the respective water drawing channels 203 or the first water quality sensor 206 are not limited to be disposed on the wall surface of the primary treatment tank 201 . For example, the water-drawing channel 203 is a water pipe, a plurality of water pipes extend to the vicinity of the center of the tank body of the primary treatment tank 201 , and the water inlets 2032 of each water pipe are sequentially arranged at different depth levels under the water surface. For example, as shown in FIG. 4 , the water drawing channel 203 is a water pipe, and a single water pipe extends to the vicinity of the center of the tank body of the primary treatment tank 201 , and the water pipe includes a plurality of water inlets 2032 , each of which is arranged in sequence at Different depth levels under the water surface.

多個輸水通道204分別連接各個次級處理槽202,用於將初級處理槽201處理完畢的原水101排入任一次級處理槽202。輸水通道204與汲水通道203連接至分流器205。分流器205用於調整各個汲水通道203與各個輸水通道204的連通關係,舉例而言,將入水口2032位於第一深度位準301的汲水通道203連通至連接於最左側次級處理槽202的輸水通道204,或是將入水口2032位於第一深度位準301的汲水通道203連通至連接於最右側次級處理槽202的輸水通道204。分流器205可因應次級處理槽202不同的狀態條件,而將原水101排入不同的次級處理槽202。所述狀態條件可以是但不限於次級處理槽202的水位狀態、水質狀態或清理狀態。如此一來,智能淨水系統20可以提供線上分部檢修功能。舉例而言,當部分次級處理槽202正在執行水資源淨化時,其他未被使用的次級處理槽202可以進行設備維護作業,如槽體、感測器等軟硬體或管線網路之更新或檢修維護。淨水作業與維護作業可以同步進行,因此無需將整個智能淨水系統20停機方可執行進行大規模檢修。依據一些實施例,智能淨水系統20可以包含管理系統,管理系統可以根據各次級處理槽202的狀態、功能、預計維護時間,為各個次級處理槽202的淨水、硬體維修、韌體更新等工作進行排程,達到維持系統效率、淨水品質且不中斷供水的功效。此外,管理系統可包含一機器學習演算法,接收各處理槽的狀態資訊,例如水位、水質、淨水處理時間、設備更新時間…等資訊,以提供淨水時間最短或供水品質最高之優化方案。The plurality of water conveyance channels 204 are respectively connected to each secondary treatment tank 202 for discharging the raw water 101 processed by the primary treatment tank 201 into any secondary treatment tank 202 . The water delivery channel 204 and the water drawing channel 203 are connected to the diverter 205 . The diverter 205 is used to adjust the communication relationship between each water-drawing channel 203 and each water-conveying channel 204. For example, the water-drawing channel 203 with the water inlet 2032 at the first depth level 301 is connected to the secondary processing unit connected to the leftmost The water delivery channel 204 of the tank 202 or the water intake channel 203 with the water inlet 2032 at the first depth level 301 is connected to the water delivery channel 204 connected to the rightmost secondary treatment tank 202 . The diverter 205 can discharge the raw water 101 into different secondary treatment tanks 202 according to different state conditions of the secondary treatment tanks 202 . The status condition may be, but is not limited to, the water level status, water quality status, or cleaning status of the secondary treatment tank 202 . In this way, the intelligent water purification system 20 can provide an online branch maintenance function. For example, when some secondary processing tanks 202 are performing water purification, other unused secondary processing tanks 202 may perform equipment maintenance operations, such as tanks, sensors and other software and hardware or pipeline networks. Update or overhaul maintenance. The water purification operation and the maintenance operation can be carried out simultaneously, so that the entire intelligent water purification system 20 does not need to be shut down before large-scale maintenance can be performed. According to some embodiments, the intelligent water purification system 20 may include a management system, and the management system may provide water purification, hardware maintenance, repair and maintenance of each secondary treatment tank 202 according to the status, function, and estimated maintenance time of each secondary treatment tank 202 . Works such as body renewal are scheduled to achieve the effect of maintaining system efficiency, water purification quality and uninterrupted water supply. In addition, the management system can include a machine learning algorithm to receive the status information of each treatment tank, such as water level, water quality, water purification treatment time, equipment update time, etc., so as to provide an optimization solution with the shortest water purification time or the highest water supply quality .

現有的淨水系統多採用定時處理方式,換而言之,每個處理槽將原水101處理一定時間,即放行至下一個處理槽,利於管控下一個處理槽的盛載狀態。然而,依據一些實施例,本發明之智能淨水系統20採用固定品質之處理方式,換而言之,每個處理槽將原水101處理達到該槽目標品質標準,始放行至下一個處理槽。如此一來,由於處理時間不固定,必須有一套管控方式以管理次級處理槽202的盛載狀態。有鑑於此,依據一些實施例,各個次級處理槽202配置有水位感測器,用以量測次級處理槽202盛載的原水101之水位並發送水位訊號。控制器208接收水位訊號以確認次級處理槽202是否為滿載或尚有儲存空間。當控制器208判斷任一次級處理槽202尚有儲存空間,調整分流器205使原水101排入次級處理槽202。如此一來,多個次級處理槽202可作為緩衝空間,以承接隨時可能排入的待處理原水101。Existing water purification systems mostly use timed treatment methods. In other words, each treatment tank treats the raw water 101 for a certain period of time, that is, it is released to the next treatment tank, which is beneficial to control the loading state of the next treatment tank. However, according to some embodiments, the intelligent water purification system 20 of the present invention adopts a treatment method of fixed quality. In other words, each treatment tank treats the raw water 101 to the target quality standard of the tank before releasing it to the next treatment tank. As such, since the processing time is not fixed, there must be a control method to manage the loading state of the secondary processing tank 202 . In view of this, according to some embodiments, each secondary treatment tank 202 is equipped with a water level sensor for measuring the water level of the raw water 101 contained in the secondary treatment tank 202 and sending a water level signal. The controller 208 receives the water level signal to confirm whether the secondary treatment tank 202 is fully loaded or has storage space. When the controller 208 determines that any secondary treatment tank 202 still has storage space, the diverter 205 is adjusted so that the raw water 101 is discharged into the secondary treatment tank 202 . In this way, the plurality of secondary treatment tanks 202 can be used as buffer spaces to receive the raw water to be treated 101 that may be discharged at any time.

現有的淨水系統多採用串聯設置的多個處理槽,當整批原水101於處理槽處理完畢後,排入下一個處理槽。如此一來,當任一處理槽遭到汙染,整批原水101就必須排空並重新處理。此外,現有的淨水系統每批處理的原水101水量較多,因此在水質管理上較為困難。圖5係習知之包含水質感測器之淨水系統之示意圖,請參照圖5。為確認處理槽之水質而設置水質感測器108。水質感測器108具有一定之水質感測範圍304,僅能確認水質感測範圍304內的原水101是否符合水質標準,並無法確認超出水質感測範圍304外的原水101是否符合水質標準。考量水具有流動性,當任一時間判斷水質感測範圍304內的原水101符合水質標準,可能下一時間判斷水質感測範圍304內的原水101又不符合水質標準。圖6係依據本案之第三實施例之智能淨水系統之示意圖,請參照圖6。依據一些實施例,次級處理槽202配置有第二水質感測器207,用以量測次級處理槽202所盛載的原水101之水質並發送水質訊號。控制器208接收水質訊號以確認次級處理槽202內的原水101水質。當控制器208判斷任一次級處理槽202內的原水101水質不符合品質標準,調整分流器205使原水101不排入次級處理槽202,以避免遭受汙染。如此一來,多個次級處理槽202可作為緩衝空間,以避免單一汙染事件影響到整批原水101。此外,總水量被分配至多個次級處理槽202,各個次級處理槽202之第二水質感測器207所需監測的原水101範圍較小,從而減少次級處理槽202內原水101的品質不均以及流動性所造成水質管理困難之問題。The existing water purification system mostly adopts multiple treatment tanks arranged in series. After the whole batch of raw water 101 is treated in the treatment tank, it is discharged into the next treatment tank. As such, when any treatment tank becomes contaminated, the entire batch of raw water 101 must be emptied and reprocessed. In addition, the existing water purification system has a large amount of raw water 101 per batch, so it is difficult to manage the water quality. FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a conventional water purification system including a water quality sensor, please refer to FIG. 5 . A water quality sensor 108 is provided to confirm the water quality of the treatment tank. The water quality sensor 108 has a certain water quality measurement range 304, and can only confirm whether the raw water 101 within the water quality measurement range 304 meets the water quality standard, and cannot confirm whether the raw water 101 outside the water quality measurement range 304 meets the water quality standard. Considering the fluidity of water, when it is judged that the raw water 101 within the water quality measuring range 304 meets the water quality standard at any time, it may be judged that the raw water 101 within the water quality measuring range 304 does not meet the water quality standard at the next time. FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of an intelligent water purification system according to a third embodiment of the present application, please refer to FIG. 6 . According to some embodiments, the secondary treatment tank 202 is equipped with a second water quality sensor 207 for measuring the water quality of the raw water 101 contained in the secondary treatment tank 202 and sending a water quality signal. The controller 208 receives the water quality signal to confirm the water quality of the raw water 101 in the secondary treatment tank 202 . When the controller 208 determines that the water quality of the raw water 101 in any secondary treatment tank 202 does not meet the quality standard, the diverter 205 is adjusted so that the raw water 101 is not discharged into the secondary treatment tank 202 to avoid contamination. In this way, multiple secondary treatment tanks 202 can be used as buffer spaces to prevent a single pollution event from affecting the entire batch of raw water 101 . In addition, the total amount of water is distributed to a plurality of secondary treatment tanks 202 , and the range of the raw water 101 required to be monitored by the second water quality sensor 207 of each secondary treatment tank 202 is small, thereby reducing the quality of the raw water 101 in the secondary treatment tanks 202 The problem of water quality management difficulties caused by unevenness and mobility.

圖7係依據本案之第四實施例之智能淨水系統之方塊示意圖,請參照圖7。依據一些實施例,智能淨水系統20包含連接於各個次級處理槽202之汙水處理槽209。控制器208接收水質訊號以確認次級處理槽202內的原水101水質。當控制器208判斷任一次級處理槽202內的原水101水質不符合品質標準,控制次級處理槽202與汙水處理槽209之連通關係,例如將連通次級處理槽202與汙水處理槽209的管線之水閥開啟,使不符合品質標準之原水101排入汙水處理槽209。藉此配置,智能淨水系統20僅需針對盛載不符合品質標準之原水101的次級處理槽202進行處理,而無須排空所有次級處理槽202之整批原水101。依據一些實施例,次級處理槽202將原水101處理完畢後,直接或間接將其排入清水槽210。清水槽210集中所有次級處理槽202所排出的水一併處理。依據一些實施例,汙水處理槽209將各個次級處理槽202所排出的水一併處理後,直接或間接將其排入初級處理槽201重新處理。FIG. 7 is a schematic block diagram of an intelligent water purification system according to a fourth embodiment of the present application, please refer to FIG. 7 . According to some embodiments, the smart water purification system 20 includes a sewage treatment tank 209 connected to each of the secondary treatment tanks 202 . The controller 208 receives the water quality signal to confirm the water quality of the raw water 101 in the secondary treatment tank 202 . When the controller 208 determines that the quality of the raw water 101 in any secondary treatment tank 202 does not meet the quality standard, it controls the communication relationship between the secondary treatment tank 202 and the sewage treatment tank 209 , for example, connecting the secondary treatment tank 202 and the sewage treatment tank The water valve of the pipeline of 209 is opened, so that the raw water 101 that does not meet the quality standard is discharged into the sewage treatment tank 209. With this configuration, the intelligent water purification system 20 only needs to treat the secondary treatment tank 202 containing the raw water 101 that does not meet the quality standard, and does not need to empty the entire batch of raw water 101 in all the secondary treatment tanks 202 . According to some embodiments, the secondary treatment tank 202 directly or indirectly discharges the raw water 101 into the clean water tank 210 after processing the raw water 101 . The clean water tank 210 collects the water discharged from all the secondary treatment tanks 202 and treats it together. According to some embodiments, the sewage treatment tank 209 treats the water discharged from each secondary treatment tank 202 together, and then directly or indirectly discharges it into the primary treatment tank 201 for reprocessing.

由於現有淨水系統之處理槽採用串聯設置,當任一處理槽處於清理狀態時,整個淨水系統就必須暫停運作。如此一來,清理期間的供水就會受到限制。因此,本發明之智能淨水系統20包含多個次級處理槽202,當任一次級處理槽202處於清理狀態時,其他次級處理槽202可作為緩衝空間,以承接排入的待處理原水101。依據一些實施例,各個次級處理槽202包含有反沖洗裝置。反沖洗裝置用以對次級處理槽202的濾料層進行清洗,例如採用一定比例的氣體混合清水灌入濾料層之下方,使沉積於濾料層間的雜質被沖洗出水面。依據一些實施例,控制器208控制反沖洗裝置的運作,當任一次級處理槽202之反沖洗裝置運作時,控制器208調整分流器205使正在運行反沖洗裝置之次級處理槽202與初級處理槽201之連通關係保持關閉。如此一來,原水101將不會流入正在運行反沖洗裝置之次級處理槽202,而將流入其他次級處理槽202進行處理。依據一些實施例,控制器208接收次級處理槽202之第二水質感測器207所傳送之水質訊號。當控制器208判斷任一次級處理槽202內的原水101水質不符合品質標準,則啟動次級處理槽202之反沖洗裝置,並調整分流器205使原水101不排入次級處理槽202,以避免待處理原水101遭受汙染及干擾清理作業。Since the treatment tanks of the existing water purification system are arranged in series, when any treatment tank is in the cleaning state, the entire water purification system must be suspended. As a result, the water supply during cleanup is limited. Therefore, the intelligent water purification system 20 of the present invention includes a plurality of secondary treatment tanks 202. When any secondary treatment tank 202 is in a cleaning state, the other secondary treatment tanks 202 can be used as buffer spaces to receive the raw water to be treated. 101. According to some embodiments, each secondary treatment tank 202 includes a backwash device. The backwashing device is used to clean the filter material layer of the secondary treatment tank 202. For example, a certain proportion of gas mixed with clean water is poured under the filter material layer, so that the impurities deposited between the filter material layers are flushed out of the water surface. According to some embodiments, the controller 208 controls the operation of the backwash device. When the backwash device of any secondary treatment tank 202 is operating, the controller 208 adjusts the diverter 205 so that the secondary treatment tank 202 of the running backwash device is connected to the primary treatment tank 202. The communication relationship of the processing tank 201 remains closed. In this way, the raw water 101 will not flow into the secondary treatment tank 202 that is running the backwashing device, but will flow into other secondary treatment tanks 202 for treatment. According to some embodiments, the controller 208 receives the water quality signal transmitted by the second water quality sensor 207 of the secondary treatment tank 202 . When the controller 208 determines that the water quality of the raw water 101 in any secondary treatment tank 202 does not meet the quality standard, it activates the backwashing device of the secondary treatment tank 202, and adjusts the diverter 205 so that the raw water 101 is not discharged into the secondary treatment tank 202, In order to prevent the raw water 101 to be treated from being polluted and interfering with the cleaning operation.

依據一些實施例,輸水通道204與分流器205之連接處設置有第一壓力感測器,輸水通道204與次級處理槽202之連接處設置有第二壓力感測器。所述連接處並不限於剛好位於兩者之交界。第一壓力感測器及第二壓力感測器用以感測輸水通道204內的水壓,第一壓力感測器將水壓轉換並輸出為第一壓力訊號,第二壓力感測器將水壓轉換並輸出為第二壓力訊號。依據一些實施例,當控制器208控制分流器205並要求原水101自初級處理槽201流入指定之輸水通道204時,若分流器205損壞而未執行前述指令,則原水101不會流入指定之輸水通道204。於此情況,輸水通道204內的水壓將低於特定之壓力閾值。因此,在前述情況,當第一壓力訊號之量值或第二壓力訊號之量值低於特定之壓力閾值,即表示分流器205有故障之情況。依據一些實施例,當控制器208控制分流器205並要求原水101自初級處理槽201流入指定之輸水通道204時,若分流器205未損壞而執行前述指令,則原水101將流入指定之輸水通道204。此時,若輸水通道204阻塞,則原水101不會流入輸水通道204之下游。於此情況,輸水通道204內的第一壓力感測器所量測到的水壓將遠高於第二壓力感測器所量測到的水壓。因此,在前述情況,當第一壓力訊號與第二壓力訊號之量值差大於特定之壓力差閾值,即表示輸水通道204有阻塞之情況。依據一些實施例,控制器208判斷分流器205故障或輸水通道204阻塞,即發出警示訊號。警示訊號可以為聲音、光、震動、有線訊號或無線訊號,且可供使用者遠端檢視與溝通。According to some embodiments, a first pressure sensor is provided at the connection between the water delivery channel 204 and the diverter 205 , and a second pressure sensor is provided at the connection between the water delivery channel 204 and the secondary treatment tank 202 . The junction is not limited to being located just at the junction of the two. The first pressure sensor and the second pressure sensor are used to sense the water pressure in the water delivery channel 204, the first pressure sensor converts the water pressure and outputs it as a first pressure signal, and the second pressure sensor sends The water pressure is converted and output as a second pressure signal. According to some embodiments, when the controller 208 controls the diverter 205 and requires the raw water 101 to flow from the primary treatment tank 201 into the designated water delivery channel 204, if the diverter 205 is damaged and the aforementioned instructions are not executed, the raw water 101 will not flow into the designated water channel 204. Water channel 204 . In this case, the water pressure in the water channel 204 will be lower than a certain pressure threshold. Therefore, in the aforementioned situation, when the magnitude of the first pressure signal or the magnitude of the second pressure signal is lower than a certain pressure threshold, it indicates that the diverter 205 is in a fault condition. According to some embodiments, when the controller 208 controls the diverter 205 and requires the raw water 101 to flow from the primary treatment tank 201 into the designated water delivery channel 204, if the diverter 205 is not damaged and the above-mentioned instructions are executed, the raw water 101 will flow into the designated water delivery channel 204. Water channel 204 . At this time, if the water delivery channel 204 is blocked, the raw water 101 will not flow into the downstream of the water delivery channel 204 . In this case, the water pressure measured by the first pressure sensor in the water delivery channel 204 will be much higher than the water pressure measured by the second pressure sensor. Therefore, in the aforementioned situation, when the magnitude difference between the first pressure signal and the second pressure signal is greater than a specific pressure difference threshold, it means that the water delivery channel 204 is blocked. According to some embodiments, the controller 208 determines that the diverter 205 is faulty or the water delivery channel 204 is blocked, and then sends a warning signal. The warning signal can be sound, light, vibration, wired signal or wireless signal, and can be remotely viewed and communicated by users.

請參照圖4,依據一些實施例,智能淨水系統20包含初級處理槽201、次級處理槽202、汲水通道203、輸水通道204、分流器205、第一水質感測器206以及控制器208。所述汲水通道203包含多個閥門2031與多個入水口2032,各個閥門2031對應於各個入水口2032而設置,入水口2032設置於初級處理槽201內,且汲水通道203之各個入水口2032於初級處理槽201內設置於不同的深度位準。多個輸水通道204分別連接各個次級處理槽202。分流器205介於多個汲水通道203與多個輸水通道204之間,用於連接汲水通道203與輸水通道204。第一水質感測器206設置於初級處理槽201內,且第一水質感測器206於初級處理槽201內設置之深度位準對應到汲水通道203之各個入水口2032之深度位準。依據一些實施例,第一水質感測器206設置於初級處理槽201之壁面。依據一些實施例,第一水質感測器206設置於輸水通道204之管壁。依據一些實施例,各個第一水質感測器206對應設置於汲水通道203之各個入水口2032附近。所述附近可以指汲水通道203之入水口2032位於第一水質感測器206所容許感測之範圍以內。4, according to some embodiments, the intelligent water purification system 20 includes a primary treatment tank 201, a secondary treatment tank 202, a water drawing channel 203, a water delivery channel 204, a diverter 205, a first water quality sensor 206, and a control device 208. The water drawing channel 203 includes a plurality of valves 2031 and a plurality of water inlets 2032, each valve 2031 is provided corresponding to each water inlet 2032, the water inlet 2032 is arranged in the primary treatment tank 201, and each water inlet of the water drawing channel 203 is provided. 2032 are arranged at different depth levels in the primary processing tank 201 . A plurality of water conveyance channels 204 are respectively connected to the respective secondary treatment tanks 202 . The diverter 205 is interposed between the plurality of water-drawing channels 203 and the plurality of water-delivery channels 204 , and is used for connecting the water-drawing channels 203 and the water-delivery channels 204 . The first water quality sensor 206 is disposed in the primary treatment tank 201 , and the depth level of the first water quality sensor 206 in the primary treatment tank 201 corresponds to the depth level of each water inlet 2032 of the water drawing channel 203 . According to some embodiments, the first water quality sensor 206 is disposed on the wall of the primary treatment tank 201 . According to some embodiments, the first water quality sensor 206 is disposed on the wall of the water delivery channel 204 . According to some embodiments, each of the first water quality sensors 206 is correspondingly disposed near each of the water inlets 2032 of the water-drawing channel 203 . The vicinity can mean that the water inlet 2032 of the water-drawing channel 203 is located within the sensing range of the first water quality sensor 206 .

本發明之智能淨水系統20透過在初級處理槽201內的不同深度處分別設置汲水通道203與第一水質感測器206,再透過分流器205以及多個輸水通道204分別連接至多個下游的次級處理槽202。然後根據第一水質感測器206的水質訊號而藉由控制器208控制分流器205以及汲水通道203的閥門2031的作動將初級處理槽201內的水注入指定的次級處理槽202中進行下一淨水手續。本發明所屬技術領域中具有通常知識者當可理解,水質淨化十分繁複耗時,且原水水質並非恆定,因此本發明之智能淨水系統20可以導入人工智慧之機器學習手段,藉由歷史水質淨化歷程、淨化方案、執行步驟與各類參數,依照當前原水水質以及目標水質來優化控制器的運作,藉此實現整體淨化時間最小化及/或整體淨化成本最小化,而得本發明整體運作的較佳解。In the intelligent water purification system 20 of the present invention, a water drawing channel 203 and a first water quality sensor 206 are respectively disposed at different depths in the primary treatment tank 201, and then connected to a plurality of Downstream secondary processing tank 202 . Then, according to the water quality signal of the first water quality sensor 206, the controller 208 controls the action of the diverter 205 and the valve 2031 of the water drawing channel 203 to inject the water in the primary treatment tank 201 into the designated secondary treatment tank 202 for processing. The next water purification procedure. Those with ordinary knowledge in the technical field of the present invention should understand that water purification is very complicated and time-consuming, and the quality of raw water is not constant. Therefore, the intelligent water purification system 20 of the present invention can introduce artificial intelligence machine learning methods to purify historical water quality. Process, purification scheme, execution steps and various parameters, optimize the operation of the controller according to the current raw water quality and target water quality, so as to minimize the overall purification time and/or the overall purification cost, and obtain the overall operation of the present invention. better solution.

雖然本發明的技術內容已經以較佳實施例揭露如上,然其並非用以限定本發明,任何熟習此技術者,在不脫離本發明之精神所作些許之更動與潤飾,皆應涵蓋於本發明的範疇內,因此本發明之保護範圍當視後附之申請專利範圍所界定者為準。Although the technical content of the present invention has been disclosed above with preferred embodiments, it is not intended to limit the present invention. Anyone who is familiar with the technology and makes some changes and modifications without departing from the spirit of the present invention should be included in the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be determined by the scope of the appended patent application.

101:原水101: Raw water

102:儲水槽102: Water storage tank

103:第一處理槽103: The first processing tank

104:第二處理槽104: Second processing tank

105:第三處理槽105: The third processing tank

106:第四處理槽106: Fourth processing tank

107:第五處理槽107: Fifth processing tank

108:水質感測器108: Water texture sensor

20:智能淨水系統20: Intelligent water purification system

201:初級處理槽201: Primary treatment tank

202:次級處理槽202: Secondary processing tank

203:汲水通道203: Draw water channel

2031:閥門2031: Valves

2032:入水口2032: Inlet

204:輸水通道204: Water channel

205:分流器205: Shunt

206:第一水質感測器206: The first water quality sensor

207:第二水質感測器207: Second water quality sensor

208:控制器208: Controller

209:汙水處理槽209: Sewage treatment tank

210:清水槽210: Clear water tank

301:第一深度位準301: First depth level

302:第二深度位準302: Second depth level

303:第三深度位準303: Third depth level

304:水質感測範圍304: Water quality measurement range

[圖1] 係習知之淨水系統之示意圖; [圖2] 係依據本案之第一實施例之智能淨水系統之示意圖; [圖3] 係依據本案之一些實施例之初級處理槽之壁面之示意圖; [圖4] 係依據本案之第二實施例之智能淨水系統之示意圖; [圖5] 係習知之包含水質感測器之淨水系統之示意圖; [圖6] 係依據本案之第三實施例之智能淨水系統之示意圖;以及 [圖7] 係依據本案之第四實施例之智能淨水系統之方塊示意圖。 [Figure 1] is a schematic diagram of a conventional water purification system; [Fig. 2] is a schematic diagram of the intelligent water purification system according to the first embodiment of the present case; [FIG. 3] is a schematic diagram of the wall surface of the primary treatment tank according to some embodiments of the present application; [Fig. 4] is a schematic diagram of the intelligent water purification system according to the second embodiment of the present case; [Fig. 5] is a schematic diagram of a conventional water purification system including a water quality sensor; [Fig. 6] is a schematic diagram of the intelligent water purification system according to the third embodiment of the present case; and [FIG. 7] is a block diagram of an intelligent water purification system according to the fourth embodiment of the present application.

101:原水 101: Raw water

20:智能淨水系統 20: Intelligent water purification system

201:初級處理槽 201: Primary treatment tank

202:次級處理槽 202: Secondary processing tank

203:汲水通道 203: Draw water channel

2031:閥門 2031: Valves

2032:入水口 2032: Inlet

204:輸水通道 204: Water channel

205:分流器 205: Shunt

208:控制器 208: Controller

301:第一深度位準 301: First depth level

302:第二深度位準 302: Second depth level

303:第三深度位準 303: Third depth level

Claims (10)

一種智能淨水系統,用以處理一原水,該智能淨水系統包含:一初級處理槽,用以對該原水進行沉澱處理;多個次級處理槽,各包含一狀態條件之感測器,用以發送一狀態條件訊號;多個汲水通道,各該汲水通道包含一閥門與一入水口,該入水口設置於該初級處理槽內,各該汲水通道之入水口於該初級處理槽內之深度位準相異;多個輸水通道,分別連接各該次級處理槽;一分流器,連接該多個汲水通道與該多個輸水通道,該分流器用以調整各該汲水通道與各該輸水通道之連通關係;多個第一水質感測器,設置於該初級處理槽,各該第一水質感測器於該初級處理槽之深度位準分別對應各該汲水通道之入水口之深度位準,該多個第一水質感測器用以量測該初級處理槽之水質狀態,並發送一水質訊號;以及一控制器,接收各該第一水質感測器所發送之該水質訊號及各該狀態條件之感測器所發送之該狀態條件訊號,並根據該水質訊號開啟或關閉各該第一水質感測器所對應之汲水通道之閥門,以及根據各該狀態條件訊號控制該分流器。 An intelligent water purification system for processing a raw water, the intelligent water purification system comprises: a primary treatment tank for precipitation treatment of the raw water; a plurality of secondary treatment tanks, each including a state condition sensor, Used to send a state condition signal; a plurality of water drawing channels, each water drawing channel includes a valve and a water inlet, the water inlet is arranged in the primary treatment tank, and the water inlet of each water drawing channel is in the primary treatment The depth levels in the tanks are different; a plurality of water delivery channels are respectively connected to each of the secondary treatment tanks; a diverter is connected to the plurality of water drawing channels and the plurality of water delivery channels, and the diverter is used to adjust the The communication relationship between the water drawing channel and each of the water delivery channels; a plurality of first water quality sensors are arranged in the primary treatment tank, and the depth levels of the first water quality sensors in the primary treatment tank respectively correspond to the The depth level of the water inlet of the water drawing channel, the plurality of first water quality sensors are used to measure the water quality status of the primary treatment tank, and send a water quality signal; and a controller receives each of the first water quality measurements the water quality signal sent by the sensor and the state condition signal sent by each of the state condition sensors, and according to the water quality signal, open or close the valve of the water drawing channel corresponding to the first water quality sensor, and The shunt is controlled according to each of the state condition signals. 如請求項1所述之智能淨水系統,其中,各該第一水質感測器對應設置於各該汲水通道之入水口附近。 The intelligent water purification system according to claim 1, wherein each of the first water quality sensors is correspondingly disposed near the water inlet of each of the water-drawing channels. 如請求項1所述之智能淨水系統,其中,該次級處理槽之狀態條件之感測器為一水位感測器,用以量測該次級處理槽之水位狀態並發送一水位訊號,該控制器根據該水位訊號控制該分流器。 The intelligent water purification system according to claim 1, wherein the sensor of the state condition of the secondary treatment tank is a water level sensor, which is used to measure the water level state of the secondary treatment tank and send a water level signal , the controller controls the diverter according to the water level signal. 如請求項1所述之智能淨水系統,其中,該次級處理槽之狀態條件之感測器為一第二水質感測器,用以量測該次級處理槽之水質狀態並發送一水質訊號,該控制器根據該水質訊號控制該分流器。 The intelligent water purification system according to claim 1, wherein the sensor of the state condition of the secondary treatment tank is a second water quality sensor, which is used to measure the water quality state of the secondary treatment tank and send a water quality signal, the controller controls the diverter according to the water quality signal. 如請求項4所述之智能淨水系統,更包含一汙水處理槽,連接各該次級處理槽,該控制器根據該水質訊號控制各該次級處理槽與該汙水處理槽之連通關係。 The intelligent water purification system according to claim 4, further comprising a sewage treatment tank connected to each of the secondary treatment tanks, and the controller controls the communication between each of the secondary treatment tanks and the sewage treatment tank according to the water quality signal relation. 如請求項1所述之智能淨水系統,其中,各該次級處理槽更包含一反沖洗裝置,當任一該次級處理槽之反沖洗裝置運作時,該控制器控制該分流器,使正在運行該反沖洗裝置之次級處理槽與該初級處理槽之連通關係保持關閉。 The intelligent water purification system according to claim 1, wherein each of the secondary treatment tanks further includes a backwashing device, and when the backwashing device of any one of the secondary treatment tanks operates, the controller controls the diverter, Keep the communication between the secondary treatment tank running the backwashing device closed with the primary treatment tank. 如請求項6所述之智能淨水系統,其中,該次級處理槽之狀態條件之感測器為一第二水質感測器,用以量測該次級處理槽之水質狀態並發送一水質訊號,該控制器根據該水質訊號控制該次級處理槽之反沖洗裝置。 The intelligent water purification system according to claim 6, wherein the sensor of the state condition of the secondary treatment tank is a second water quality sensor for measuring the water quality state of the secondary treatment tank and sending a water quality signal, the controller controls the backwashing device of the secondary treatment tank according to the water quality signal. 如請求項1所述之智能淨水系統,其中,該輸水通道與該分流器之連接處設置一第一壓力感測器,該第一壓力感測器用以量 測該輸水通道之壓力狀態並發送一第一壓力訊號,該輸水通道與該次級處理槽之連接處設置一第二壓力感測器,該第二壓力感測器用以量測該輸水通道之壓力狀態並發送一第二壓力訊號,當該分流器被設定為連通該初級處理槽與指定之該輸水通道,且於該輸水通道所量測之第一壓力訊號或第二壓力訊號之量值實質低於一壓力閾值,該控制器發出一分流器故障警示訊號。 The intelligent water purification system as claimed in claim 1, wherein a first pressure sensor is set at the connection between the water delivery channel and the diverter, and the first pressure sensor is used for measuring Measure the pressure state of the water delivery channel and send a first pressure signal. A second pressure sensor is set at the connection between the water delivery channel and the secondary treatment tank, and the second pressure sensor is used to measure the output The pressure state of the water channel and send a second pressure signal, when the diverter is set to connect the primary treatment tank and the designated water channel, and the first pressure signal or the second pressure signal measured in the water channel When the magnitude of the pressure signal is substantially lower than a pressure threshold, the controller sends out a diverter failure warning signal. 如請求項1所述之智能淨水系統,其中,該輸水通道與該分流器之連接處設置一第一壓力感測器,該第一壓力感測器用以量測該輸水通道之壓力狀態並發送一第一壓力訊號,該輸水通道與該次級處理槽之連接處設置一第二壓力感測器,該第二壓力感測器用以量測該輸水通道之壓力狀態並發送一第二壓力訊號,當該分流器被設定為連通該初級處理槽與指定之該輸水通道,且於該輸水通道所量測之第一壓力訊號與第二壓力訊號之量值差實質高於一壓力差閾值,該控制器發出一輸水通道阻塞警示訊號。 The intelligent water purification system as claimed in claim 1, wherein a first pressure sensor is arranged at the connection between the water delivery channel and the diverter, and the first pressure sensor is used to measure the pressure of the water delivery channel state and send a first pressure signal, a second pressure sensor is set at the connection between the water channel and the secondary treatment tank, the second pressure sensor is used to measure the pressure state of the water channel and send it A second pressure signal, when the diverter is set to connect the primary treatment tank and the designated water delivery channel, and the magnitude difference between the first pressure signal and the second pressure signal measured in the water delivery channel is substantially Above a pressure difference threshold, the controller sends out a water channel blockage warning signal. 一種智能淨水系統,用以處理一原水,該智能淨水系統包含:一初級處理槽,用以對該原水進行沉澱處理;多個次級處理槽,各包含一狀態條件之感測器,用以發送一狀態條件訊號;一汲水通道,該汲水通道包含多個閥門與多個入水口,各該閥門對應各該入水口,各該入水口設置於該初級處理槽內,該汲水通道之各該 入水口於該初級處理槽內之深度位準相異;多個輸水通道,分別連接各該次級處理槽;一分流器,連接該汲水通道與該多個輸水通道,該分流器用以調整該汲水通道與各該輸水通道之連通關係;多個第一水質感測器,設置於該初級處理槽,各該第一水質感測器於該初級處理槽之深度位準分別對應該汲水通道之各該入水口之深度位準,該多個第一水質感測器用以量測該初級處理槽之水質狀態,並發送一水質訊號;以及一控制器,接收各該第一水質感測器所發送之該水質訊號及各該狀態條件之感測器所發送之該狀態條件訊號,並根據該水質訊號開啟或關閉各該第一水質感測器所對應之入水口之閥門,以及根據各該狀態條件訊號控制該分流器。 An intelligent water purification system for processing a raw water, the intelligent water purification system comprises: a primary treatment tank for precipitation treatment of the raw water; a plurality of secondary treatment tanks, each including a state condition sensor, Used to send a state condition signal; a water drawing channel, the water drawing channel includes a plurality of valves and a plurality of water inlets, each of the valves corresponds to each of the water inlets, each of the water inlets is arranged in the primary treatment tank, the water inlet water channel The depth levels of the water inlets in the primary treatment tank are different; a plurality of water conveyance channels are respectively connected to the secondary treatment tanks; a diverter is connected to the water drawing channel and the plurality of water conveyance channels, and the diverter is used for to adjust the communication relationship between the water drawing channel and each of the water delivery channels; a plurality of first water quality sensors are arranged in the primary treatment tank, and the depth levels of the first water quality sensors in the primary treatment tank are respectively Corresponding to the depth level of each of the water inlets of the water-drawing channel, the plurality of first water quality sensors are used to measure the water quality status of the primary treatment tank and send a water quality signal; and a controller receives each of the first water quality sensors. The water quality signal sent by a water quality sensor and the state condition signal sent by each of the state condition sensors, and according to the water quality signal to open or close the water inlet corresponding to the first water quality sensor valve, and control the diverter according to each of the state condition signals.
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Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2529864Y (en) * 2002-01-14 2003-01-08 苏友拉图 Convenient reversely-washing graded water feeding and purifier
US9617175B2 (en) * 2007-02-14 2017-04-11 Winner Water Services, Inc. Water purification
US9802845B2 (en) * 2011-09-09 2017-10-31 Sylvan Source, Inc. Industrial water purification and desalination
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