TWI634039B - Bicycle operating device - Google Patents

Bicycle operating device Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI634039B
TWI634039B TW104104732A TW104104732A TWI634039B TW I634039 B TWI634039 B TW I634039B TW 104104732 A TW104104732 A TW 104104732A TW 104104732 A TW104104732 A TW 104104732A TW I634039 B TWI634039 B TW I634039B
Authority
TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
operating
bicycle
additional
base
constructed
Prior art date
Application number
TW104104732A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
TW201538385A (en
Inventor
深尾和孝
渡辺泰久
Original Assignee
島野股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US14/249,300 priority Critical
Priority to US14/249,300 priority patent/US9637195B2/en
Priority to US14/264,683 priority patent/US9849932B2/en
Priority to US14/264,683 priority
Priority to US14/608,104 priority patent/US9950764B2/en
Priority to US14/608,104 priority
Application filed by 島野股份有限公司 filed Critical 島野股份有限公司
Publication of TW201538385A publication Critical patent/TW201538385A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TWI634039B publication Critical patent/TWI634039B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62MRIDER PROPULSION OF WHEELED VEHICLES OR SLEDGES; POWERED PROPULSION OF SLEDGES OR SINGLE-TRACK CYCLES; TRANSMISSIONS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SUCH VEHICLES
    • B62M25/00Actuators for gearing speed-change mechanisms specially adapted for cycles
    • B62M25/02Actuators for gearing speed-change mechanisms specially adapted for cycles with mechanical transmitting systems, e.g. cables, levers
    • B62M25/04Actuators for gearing speed-change mechanisms specially adapted for cycles with mechanical transmitting systems, e.g. cables, levers hand actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K23/00Rider-operated controls specially adapted for cycles, i.e. means for initiating control operations, e.g. levers, grips
    • B62K23/02Rider-operated controls specially adapted for cycles, i.e. means for initiating control operations, e.g. levers, grips hand actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62JCYCLE SADDLES OR SEATS; AUXILIARY DEVICES OR ACCESSORIES SPECIALLY ADAPTED TO CYCLES AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. ARTICLE CARRIERS OR CYCLE PROTECTORS
    • B62J1/00Saddles or other seats for cycles; Arrangement thereof; Component parts
    • B62J1/08Frames for saddles; Connections between saddle frames and seat pillars; Seat pillars
    • B62J2001/085Seat pillars having mechanisms to vary seat height, independently of the cycle frame

Abstract

A bicycle operating device includes a base member, an operating member, an operating structure, and an operating unit. The operating structure includes a take-up member that is moveable relative to the base member to move the first operational cable in the pull direction and the release direction. The take-up member is constructed to move the first operating cable in the pull-out direction in response to movement of the operating member from the rest position to the operating position to operate the first bicycle assembly. The take-up member is constructed such that the first operational cable is movable in the release direction in response to release of the operating member from the operational position. The operating unit is constructed to operate the second bicycle component in response to an input operation from the user.

Description

Bicycle operating device Reference to relevant application

This is a partial application for U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 14/249,300, filed on Apr. 9, 2014. The content of this prior application is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety.

The invention relates to a bicycle operating device.

Cycling is becoming an increasingly popular form of entertainment and transportation. In addition, cycling has become a very popular competitive sport for both amateurs and professionals. Whether the bicycle is used for recreation, transportation, or competition, the bicycle industry is constantly improving the various components of the bicycle. One bicycle component that has been extensively redesigned is the bicycle operating device.

According to a first aspect of the invention, a bicycle operating device The base includes a base member, an operating member, an operating structure, and an operating unit. The base member is constructed to be mounted to the bicycle component. The operating member is moveable between a rest position and an operating position relative to the base member. The operating structure includes a take-up member that is moveable relative to the base member to move the first operational cable in a pull direction and a release direction opposite the pull direction. The take-up member is constructed to move the first operating cable in the pull-out direction in response to movement of the operating member from the rest position to the operating position to operate the first bicycle assembly. The take-up member is constructed such that the first operational cable is movable in the release direction in response to release of the operating member from the operational position. The operating unit is constructed to operate the second bicycle component in response to an input operation from the user.

According to a second aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the first aspect is constructed such that the take-up member is rotatable relative to the base member about a pivot axis to pull and release the first operational cable.

According to a third aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the first aspect is constructed such that the operating structure includes a biasing member configured to bias the winding member in response to release of the operating member from the operating position to The first operating cable moves in the release direction.

According to a fourth aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the third aspect is constructed such that the winding member is movable relative to the base member from the release position to the pull position in response to the movement of the operating member from the rest position to the operating position. The biasing member is configured to bias the takeup member from the pull position toward the release position to move the first operational cable in the release direction in response to release of the operating member from the operative position.

According to a fifth aspect of the invention, the self according to the first aspect The driving operation device is constructed such that the operating unit includes additional operating members and additional operating structures. The additional operating member is moveable relative to the base member. The additional operational structure is constructed to operate the second bicycle component in response to movement of the additional operational member.

According to a sixth aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the fifth aspect is constructed such that the additional operating structure is constructed to move the second operating cable in response to movement of the additional operating member to operate the second bicycle assembly.

According to a seventh aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the sixth aspect is constructed such that the additional operating member is movable between the additional rest position and the additional operating position with respect to the base member. The additional operational structure is configured to position the second operational cable relative to the base member in the first position in a resting state in which the additional operational member is disposed in the additional resting position.

According to an eighth aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the seventh aspect is constructed such that the additional operating structure is constructed to position the second operating cable in the first position relative to the base member in the rest state of the additional operating member And each of the second locations.

According to a ninth aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the eighth aspect is constructed such that the additional operating structure includes an additional winding member and a positioning structure. The additional takeup member is moveable relative to the base member between an additional release position and an additional pull position to move the second operational cable between the first position and the second position. The positioning structure is configured to position the additional take-up member relative to the base member in an additional release position and an additional pull position.

According to a tenth aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the ninth aspect is constructed such that the positioning structure is constructed to switch the state of the positioning structure between the first state and the second state in response to the movement of the additional operating member, wherein In the first state, the positioning structure positions the additional take-up member in the additional release position, and in the second state, the positioning structure positions the additional take-up member in the additional pull position.

According to an eleventh aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the tenth aspect is constructed such that the positioning structure is constructed to alternately switch the first state and the first in response to the movement of the additional operating member from the additional resting position to the additional operating position Two states.

According to a twelfth aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the ninth aspect is constructed such that the operating member is movable from the rest position to the operating position with respect to the base member in the first operational direction. The additional operating member is moveable relative to the base member from the additional resting position to the additional operating position in the first operational direction.

According to a thirteenth aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the ninth aspect is constructed such that the winding member is rotatable relative to the base member about a pivot axis. The additional takeup member is rotatable relative to the base member about a pivot axis.

According to a fourteenth aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the first aspect is constructed such that the operating unit includes an electric switch and a controller. The electrical switch is constructed to receive input from the user. The controller is configured to generate an operational signal in response to an input operation from the electrical switch input to operate the second bicycle component.

According to a fifteenth aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the fourteenth aspect is constructed such that the operating unit includes a wireless transmitter constructed to wirelessly transmit the operational signal to the second bicycle component.

According to a sixteenth aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the first aspect is constructed such that the base member includes the housing, and the operating structure and the operating unit are disposed in the housing.

According to a seventeenth aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the first aspect is constructed such that the first bicycle component comprises a height adjustable seat tube assembly.

According to an eighteenth aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the first aspect is constructed such that the second bicycle component includes a bicycle transmission.

According to a nineteenth aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the eighteenth aspect is constructed such that the second bicycle component includes a front derailleur that becomes a bicycle transmission.

According to a twentieth aspect of the invention, the bicycle operating device according to the first aspect is constructed such that the operating member is constructed to be detachably attached to the base member.

The present invention and its many accompanying advantages are more readily appreciated by reference to the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. A more complete evaluation.

2‧‧‧First operation cable

2a‧‧‧Inside wire

4‧‧‧Second operation cable

4a‧‧‧Inside wire

10‧‧‧Bicycle operating device

12‧‧‧Base member

13‧‧‧Shell

14‧‧‧First housing

16‧‧‧Second housing

18‧‧‧Base plate

20‧‧‧Installation components

22‧‧‧Operating components

22a‧‧‧Support shaft

22b‧‧‧Elongated opening

23‧‧‧Operating structure

24‧‧‧Operating unit

25‧‧‧Additional operating components

26‧‧‧Additional operational structure

27‧‧‧Change structure

28‧‧‧Removable components

30‧‧‧winding members

32‧‧‧ biasing members

32a‧‧‧First end

32b‧‧‧second end

34‧‧‧Restricted components

36‧‧‧ biasing element

38‧‧‧ Coverage

38a‧‧‧Internal cavity

40‧‧‧Insert Department

40a‧‧‧Sliding opening

42‧‧‧fasteners

44‧‧‧Guidance section

44a‧‧‧Elongation hole

46‧‧‧Contact parts

46a‧‧‧Contact ontology

46b‧‧‧External threaded part

48‧‧‧First contact part

50‧‧‧Second contact

52‧‧‧Additional winding components

54‧‧‧ Positioning structure

56‧‧‧Locating the pawl

58‧‧‧Win the pawl

60‧‧‧Control components

62‧‧‧Additional cable attachment section

64‧‧‧First protrusion

66‧‧‧Second protrusion

68‧‧‧ Third protrusion

70‧‧‧ Receiving part

72‧‧‧ release pawl

74‧‧‧cut section

76‧‧ ‧ sales

202‧‧‧First operation cable

210‧‧‧Bicycle operating device

212‧‧‧Base member

222‧‧‧Operating components

223‧‧‧Operating structure

224‧‧‧Operating unit

230‧‧‧winding members

231‧‧‧Cable operation unit

232‧‧‧ Attachment components

232a‧‧‧ outer surface

232b‧‧‧First end section

232c‧‧‧second end section

233‧‧‧ openings

234‧‧‧ Attachment

234a‧‧‧ External threaded part

236‧‧‧ Attachment area

238‧‧‧ top surface

240‧‧‧Back surface

242‧‧‧ Attachment

244‧‧‧ Attachment opening

246‧‧‧Threaded part

248‧‧‧User interface surface

250‧‧‧ grasping part

252‧‧‧Additional operating components

254‧‧‧Additional operating components

310‧‧‧Bicycle operating device

312‧‧‧Base member

322‧‧‧Operating components

323‧‧‧Operating structure

324‧‧‧Operating unit

330‧‧‧winding members

331‧‧‧Cable operation unit

332‧‧‧ Attachment components

333‧‧‧ openings

334‧‧‧ Attachment

336‧‧‧ Attachment area

348‧‧‧User interface part

352‧‧‧Additional operating components

356‧‧‧Hydraulic hose

358‧‧‧Master cylinder unit

410‧‧‧Bicycle operating device

424‧‧‧Operating unit

464‧‧‧Chain guides

466‧‧‧guide actuator

468‧‧‧ position sensor

470‧‧‧Drive unit

A1‧‧‧ longitudinal axis

A2‧‧‧ pivot axis

A3‧‧‧ longitudinal axis

A41‧‧‧ pivot axis

A42‧‧‧ pivot axis

BC1‧‧‧First Bicycle Assembly

BC2‧‧‧Second bicycle assembly

BP‧‧‧Bicycle parts

BT1‧‧‧Power supply unit

BT2‧‧‧Power supply unit

C1‧‧‧ controller

C2‧‧‧Control unit

D1‧‧‧ first direction

D11‧‧‧First operation direction

D12‧‧‧First return direction

D2‧‧‧ second direction

D21‧‧‧Second operation direction

D22‧‧‧second return direction

D31‧‧‧ Pull direction

D32‧‧‧ release direction

D41‧‧‧ pivot direction

D42‧‧‧ pivot direction

D71‧‧‧First direction of rotation

D72‧‧‧second direction of rotation

D81‧‧‧First operational direction

D82‧‧‧Second operation direction

D211‧‧‧First operational direction

D231‧‧‧ Pull direction

D232‧‧‧ Release direction

D311‧‧‧First operation direction

D331‧‧‧ Pull direction

D332‧‧‧ Release direction

F1‧‧‧ partial pressure

F2‧‧‧ partial pressure

H‧‧‧Bicycle handlebars

H1‧‧‧ first handlebar end

H2‧‧‧ second handlebar end

M1‧‧‧First move

M2‧‧‧ second movement

MR1‧‧‧ memory

P11‧‧‧ Rest position

P12‧‧‧Operational position

P13‧‧‧Additional operating position

P21‧‧‧ first position

P22‧‧‧second position

P31‧‧‧ release position

P32‧‧‧ pull position

P41‧‧‧Additional rest position

P42‧‧‧Additional operating position

P51‧‧‧ first position

P52‧‧‧second position

P61‧‧‧Additional release position

P62‧‧‧Additional pull position

P211‧‧‧ Rest position

P212‧‧‧Operational position

P311‧‧‧Repose position

P312‧‧‧Operational position

PR1‧‧‧ processor

S1‧‧‧First cable stroke volume

S2‧‧‧Second cable stroke volume

SW1‧‧‧Electric switch

TC‧‧‧Transmission Controller

WR‧‧‧Wireless Receiver

WT‧‧‧Wireless transmitter

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a bicycle operating device according to a first embodiment.

2 is a plan view of a bicycle component in which the bicycle operating device shown in FIG. 1 is mounted to the bicycle component.

Fig. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the bicycle operating device shown in Fig. 1;

Figure 4 is a plan view of the bicycle operating device shown in Figure 1.

Figure 5 is a perspective view of a portion of the bicycle operating device shown in Figure 1.

Figure 6 is a cross-sectional view of the bicycle operating device shown in Figure 1.

Fig. 7 is an exploded perspective view showing a modified structure of the bicycle operating device shown in Fig. 1.

Figure 8 is a cross-sectional view of the bicycle operating device shown in Figure 1.

Figure 9 is a cross-sectional view of the bicycle operating device shown in Figure 1.

Figure 10 is a cross-sectional view of the bicycle operating device shown in Figure 1.

Figure 11 is a cross-sectional view of the bicycle operating device shown in Figure 1.

Figure 12 is a cross-sectional view of the bicycle operating device shown in Figure 1.

Fig. 13 is an exploded perspective view of the bicycle operating device according to the second embodiment.

Figure 14 is a rear elevational view of the bicycle operating device of Figure 13;

Fig. 15 is an exploded perspective view of the bicycle operating device according to the third embodiment.

Fig. 16 is a perspective view of the bicycle operating device shown in Fig. 15;

Figure 17 is a perspective view of a bicycle operating device according to a fourth embodiment.

Figure 18 is a block diagram of the second bicycle assembly and the operation unit of the bicycle operating device shown in Figure 17 .

Embodiments are described below with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which like reference numerals refer to the

First embodiment

Referring first to Figure 1, a bicycle operating device 10 in accordance with a first embodiment is constructed to be attachable to a bicycle component BP for operating a first bicycle component BC1. Possible examples of bicycle components BP include bicycle tube components, such as bicycle handlebars, and bicycle frames. In the illustrated embodiment, the bicycle component BP includes a bicycle handlebar H that extends along a longitudinal axis A1.

The bicycle operating device 10 is constructed to operate the first bicycle component BC1 via the first operational cable 2. The bicycle operating device 10 is also constructed to operate the second bicycle assembly BC2 via the second operating cable 4. In the illustrated embodiment, the first and second operational cables 2 and 4 are mechanical cables, such as Bowden cables. However, the bicycle operating device 10 can be constructed to operate at least one of the first and second bicycle assemblies BC1 and BC2 using other structures than the operating cable. For example, bicycle operating device 10 can be constructed to operate at least one of first and second bicycle assemblies BC1 and BC2 using a hydraulic operating structure.

Possible examples of each of the first and second bicycle assemblies BC1 and BC2 include a bicycle transmission and a height adjustable seatpost assembly. In the illustrated embodiment, the first bicycle component BC1 is a height adjustable seat tube assembly. The second bicycle component BC2 is a bicycle transmission such as a front derailleur, a rear derailleur, and an internal hub transmission. In the illustrated embodiment, the second bicycle component BC2 includes a front derailleur that becomes a bicycle transmission. Because such bicycle components are known in the bicycle field, bicycle components will not be described and/or shown in detail herein for the sake of brevity.

As seen in Fig. 2, the bicycle handlebar H includes, for example, a first handlebar end H1 and a second handlebar end H2 opposite the first handlebar end H1. In the illustrated embodiment, the first handlebar end H1 is the left end of the bicycle handlebar H, and the second handlebar end H2 is the bicycle Put the right end of H. The bicycle operating device 10 is mounted to the left side portion of the bicycle handlebar H. The bicycle operating device 10 is a left bicycle operating device constructed to be operated by the left hand of the rider. However, it will be apparent to those skilled in the bicycle art that the configuration of the bicycle operating device 10 can be applied to the right bicycle operating device.

In this application, the following terms "forward", "backward", "left", "right", "upward", and "downward" and any other similar directional term refer to the terms of sitting on a bicycle. These directions are determined by the saddle (not shown) facing the user of the bicycle handlebar H (e.g., the rider). Accordingly, these terms, when used to describe the bicycle operating device 10, should be interpreted by the user relative to the bicycle equipped with the bicycle operating device 10 when in an upright riding position on a horizontal surface.

As seen in FIG. 1, bicycle operating device 10 includes a base member 12. The base member 12 is constructed to be mountable to the bicycle component BP. In the illustrated embodiment, as seen in FIG. 3, the base member 12 includes a housing 13. The housing 13 includes a first housing 14 and a second housing 16. The first housing 14 is fixed to the second housing 16 using screws (not shown). The base member 12 further includes a base plate member 18 that is fixed to the first housing 14 and the second housing 16. The base plate member 18 is disposed between the first housing 14 and the second housing 16.

As seen in FIG. 1, the bicycle operating device 10 further includes a mounting member 20 that is configured to detachably couple the base member 12 to the bicycle component BP. In the illustrated embodiment, the mounting member 20 has There is a jaw structure constructed to form a bicycle component BP. The mounting member 20 is fixed to the base member 12. The mounting member 20 can be integrally provided with the base member 12 (eg, together with the first housing 14 shown in FIG. 3) as a single unit member.

As seen in FIG. 3, the bicycle operating device 10 includes an operating member 22 and an operating structure 23. The operating member 22 is movable relative to the base member 12. The operating structure 23 is constructed to operate the first bicycle component BC1 in response to movement of the operating member 22. The operating structure 23 is constructed to operate the first bicycle component BC1 by moving the first operating cable 2 relative to the base member 12 in response to movement of the operating member 22.

In the illustrated embodiment, the operating member 22 is movably mounted to the base plate member 18. The operation member 22 is rotatably supported by a support shaft 22a that is fixed to the base member 12. The operating member 22 protrudes at least partially from the base member 12. The operating structure 23 is disposed between the first housing 14 and the second housing 16.

As seen in Figure 3, the bicycle operating device 10 includes an operating unit 24 that is configured to operate the second bicycle assembly BC2 in response to an input operation from a user. The operating unit 24 includes an additional operating member 25 and an additional operating structure 26. The additional operating member 25 is movable relative to the base member 12. In the illustrated embodiment, the additional operating member 25 is pivotable relative to the base member 12 about a pivot axis A2. The additional operating structure 26 is constructed to operate the second bicycle component BC2 in response to movement of the additional operating member 25. The additional operating structure 26 is constructed to move the second operating cable 4 in response to movement of the additional operating member 25. The second bicycle component BC2 is operated. The additional operating structure 26 is constructed to operate the second bicycle component BC2 via the second operating cable 4 in response to the pivotal movement of the additional operating member 25. The operating structure 23 and the operating unit 24 are disposed within the housing 13.

As seen in FIG. 3, the bicycle operating device 10 includes a changing structure 27. The changing structure 27 includes a movable member 28 that is constructed to be movable relative to the operating member 22. The changing structure 27 is constructed to change the amount of movement of the operating member 22 relative to the base member 12 in accordance with the movement of the movable member 28 relative to the operating member 22. In the illustrated embodiment, the movable member 28 is mounted to the operating member 22. Possible examples of movement of the moveable member 28 relative to the operating member 22 include relative linear movement, relative rotation, and relative pivotal movement.

As seen in FIG. 4, the operating member 22 is movable relative to the base member 12 in a first direction D1. In the illustrated embodiment, the operating member 22 is pivotally mounted to the base member 12 about a pivot axis A2 in a first direction D1. The first direction D1 includes a first operation direction D11 and a first return direction D12 opposite to the first operation direction D11. The pivot axis A2 extends in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis A1 in a state where the base member 12 is attached to the bicycle component BP.

The operating member 22 is movable relative to the base member 12 between a rest position P11 and an operated position P12. More specifically, the operating member 22 is pivotable relative to the base member 12 about the pivot axis A2 between the rest position P11 and the operating position P12. In a state where the operating member 22 is positioned at the rest position P11 And in a state where the base member 12 is attached to the bicycle component BP via the mounting member 20, the operating member 22 extends along the longitudinal axis A1 of the bicycle component BP.

The operating member 22 has a longitudinal axis A3 that extends radially outward relative to the pivot axis A2. In the illustrated embodiment, in a state where the operation member 22 is positioned in the rest position P11 and in a state where the base member 12 is mounted to the bicycle part BP via the mounting member 20, the longitudinal axis A3 of the operation member 22 is relatively It is inclined at the longitudinal axis A1 of the bicycle component BP. However, the longitudinal axis A3 of the operating member 22 may be parallel to the longitudinal direction of the bicycle component BP in a state where the operating member 22 is positioned at the rest position P11 and in a state where the base member 12 is mounted to the bicycle component BP via the mounting member 20 Axis A1. The rest position P11 and the operation position P12 are defined in accordance with the longitudinal axis A3 of the operating member 22.

In the present application, the term "rest position" as used herein refers to a state in which a movable portion or part (for example, the operating member 22) is not manipulated by the user in the movable portion or part. Maintain the position where it is still. As used herein, the term "operating position" refers to the position at which the movable portion or part has been manipulated by a user to perform the operation of the bicycle assembly (eg, first bicycle component BC1 and second bicycle component BC2).

As seen in FIG. 4, the movable member 28 is movable between a first position P21 and a second position P22. The first position P21 is farther from the base member 12 than the second position P22. In the illustrated embodiment, the moveable member 28 is slidable relative to the operating member 22. it can move The member 28 is slidable relative to the operating member 22 between a first position P21 and a second position P22.

The movable member 28 is movable relative to the operating member 22 in a second direction D2 that is different from the first direction D1. The movable member 28 can also move with the operating member 22 in the first direction D1 relative to the base member 12. The movable member 28 is movable relative to the operating member 22 along the longitudinal axis A3 of the operating member 22. The second direction D2 is defined parallel to the longitudinal axis A3 of the operating member 22. The second direction D2 includes a second operation direction D21 and a second return direction D22 opposite to the second operation direction D21. The movable member 28 is movable relative to the operating member 22 in the second operating direction D21 and the second returning direction D22.

As seen in FIG. 5, the operating structure 23 includes a winding member 30 and a biasing member 32. In the illustrated embodiment, the take-up member 30 is rotatable relative to the base member 12 about a pivot axis A2 to pull and release the first operational cable 2. The winding member 30 is attached to the operating member 22 and is rotatable integrally with the operating member 22 about the pivot axis A2. The end of the first operation cable 2 is attached to the winding member 30. More specifically, the end of the inner wire 2a of the first operation cable 2 is attached to the winding member 30. In the illustrated embodiment, the take-up member 30 is a separate member from the operating member 22. However, the winding member 30 may be provided integrally with the operating member 22 as a single unit member.

The takeup member 30 is movable relative to the base member 12 (Fig. 3) to move the first operational cable 2 in the pull direction D31 and the release direction D32 opposite the pull direction D31. The winding member 30 is constructed to respond to the operation The first operating cable 2 is moved in the pulling direction D31 by the movement of the member 22 from the rest position P11 to the operating position P12 to operate the first bicycle component BC1 (Fig. 3). The winding member 30 is constructed such that the first operating cable 2 can move in the releasing direction D32 in response to the release of the operating member 22 from the operating position P12. The operation structure 23 does not include a positioning structure constructed to position the winding member 30 relative to the base member 12 in a state where the operating force is not applied from the rider's finger to the operating member.

In the present application, possible examples of the term "release of the operating member" used include moving the rider's finger away from the operating member (eg, operating member 22), and applying the rider's finger to the operating member. The operating force is removed from the operating member.

The biasing member 32 is constructed to bias the operating member 22 in the first return direction D12. In other words, the biasing member 32 is constructed to constitute the bias operating member 22 such that the operating member 22 is positioned at the rest position P11. More specifically, the biasing member 32 is configured to bias the operating member 22 about the pivot axis A2 relative to the base member 12 (Fig. 4). The biasing member 32 is constructed to bias the winding member 30 in response to the release of the operating member 22 from the operating position P12 to move the first operating cable 2 in the release direction D32. In the illustrated embodiment, the biasing member 32 is a torsion coil spring disposed about a pivot axis A2. However, the biasing member 32 can be other springs, such as compression springs and tension springs.

The winding member 30 can be released from the base member 12 in response to the movement of the operating member 22 from the rest position P11 to the operating position P12. The position P31 is moved to the pull position P32. The biasing member 32 is constructed to bias the winding member 30 from the pulling position P32 toward the releasing position P31 in response to the release of the operating member 22 from the operating position P12 to move the first operating cable 2 in the releasing direction D32.

The biasing member 32 includes a first end 32a and a second end 32b. The first end 32a of the biasing member 32 engages the base plate 18 (Fig. 3) of the base member 12. The second end portion 32b of the biasing member 32 is engaged with the operating member 22. The biasing member 32 is constructed to apply a biasing force F1 to the operating member 22 in the first return direction D12.

As seen in FIG. 5, when the operating member 22 is pivoted about the pivot axis A2 in the first operating direction D11, the first operating cable 2 is pulled in the pulling direction D31 via the winding member 30. When the operating member 22 returns in the first returning direction D12 about the pivot axis A2, the first operating cable 2 is released via the winding member 30 in the releasing direction D32 opposite to the pulling direction D31.

The operating structure 23 also includes a restraining member 34 that is configured to limit pivotal movement of the operating member 22 between the rest position P11 and the operating position P12. The restraining member 34 is attached to the base plate member 18 of the base member 12 (Fig. 3). The operating member 22 includes an elongated opening 22b extending in the first direction D1. The restricting member 34 extends through the elongated opening 22b. The operating member 22 is positioned at the rest position P11 by the biasing member 32 and the restricting member 34. The operating member 22 is pivotable relative to the base member 12 within a movable range defined by the elongated opening 22b and the restricting member 34 against the biasing force F1 of the biasing member 32.

As seen in FIG. 6, the changing structure 27 also includes a biasing member 36 that is configured to bias the movable member 28 relative to the operating member 22 to the first position P21. The biasing element 36 is configured to bias the movable member 28 radially outward relative to the operating member 22. More specifically, the biasing member 36 is configured to bias the movable member 28 against the opposite side of the operating member 22 toward the pivot axis A2. The biasing element 36 is configured to bias the movable member 28 in the second return direction D22. The biasing element 36 is configured to apply a biasing force F2 to the movable member 28 along the longitudinal axis A3 of the operating member 22.

The biasing member 36 is constructed to be mounted on the base member 12 via the mounting member 20 at a position closer to the first handlebar end H1 (Fig. 2) and further away from the second handlebar end H2 (Fig. 2). In the state of the bicycle handlebar H, the movable member 28 is biased toward the first handlebar end H1 of the bicycle handlebar H with respect to the operating member 22.

As seen in FIG. 6, the movable member 28 includes a cover portion 38, an insertion portion 40, and a fastener 42. The cover 38 has an internal cavity 38a. The insert 40 extends along the longitudinal axis A3 of the operating member 22 and is disposed within the interior cavity 38a. Biasing element 36 is disposed within internal cavity 38a.

As seen in Figure 7, the cover portion 38 is secured to the insertion portion 40 by fasteners 42 (e.g., screws). The insertion portion 40 is slidable relative to the operating member 22 along the longitudinal axis A3 of the operating member 22. More specifically, the operating member 22 includes a guide portion 44 that extends along the longitudinal axis A3 of the operating member 22. The longitudinal axis A3 of the operating member 22 can It is considered to be defined by the guiding portion 44. The insertion portion 40 includes a sliding opening 40a that extends along the longitudinal axis A3 of the operating member 22. The guiding portion 44 is slidably disposed within the sliding opening 40a to guide the movable member 28 along the longitudinal axis A3 of the operating member 22.

The operating member 22 includes one of a contact member and an elongated hole. The movable member 28 includes the other of the contact member and the elongated hole. In the illustrated embodiment, the operating member 22 includes an elongated bore 44a and the movable member 28 includes a contact member 46. The elongated hole 44a is provided on the guiding portion 44 of the operating member 22. The elongated hole 44a extends along the longitudinal axis A3 of the operating member 22. A contact member 46 is disposed within the elongated hole 44a to limit relative movement between the operating member 22 and the movable member 28. The contact member 46 includes a contact body 46a and an externally threaded portion 46b. The contact body 46a is movably disposed within the elongated hole 44a. The externally threaded portion 46b is threaded into a threaded hole (not shown) of the cover portion 38.

As seen in FIG. 6, the changing structure 27 further includes a first contact portion 48 and a second contact portion 50. The first contact portion 48 is disposed on the base member 12. However, the first contact portion 48 may be disposed at the operating member 22. In the illustrated embodiment, the first contact portion 48 is integrally provided with the base plate member 18 of the base member 12 as a single unit member. The first contact portion 48 protrudes from the base member 12 to be in contact with the second contact portion 50. The second contact portion 50 is disposed on one of the operating member 22 and the movable member 28. In the illustrated embodiment, the second contact portion 50 is disposed on the movable member 28. When the movable member 28 is positioned at the second position P22, the second contact portion 50 may Contact with the first contact portion 48 to limit the amount of movement of the operating member 22 relative to the base member 12.

As seen in FIGS. 6 and 7, the second contact portion 50 is disposed on the insertion portion 40 of the movable member 28. The second contact portion 50 is disposed outside the cover portion 38. In the illustrated embodiment, the cover portion 38 is made of a non-metallic material such as a resin material. Each of the first contact portion 48 and the second contact portion 50 is made of a metal material. However, at least one of the first contact portion 48 and the second contact portion 50 may be made of a non-metallic material.

As seen in FIG. 8, the first position P21 corresponds to the first movement amount M1 of the operating member 22 with respect to the base member 12. The first movement amount M1 of the operating member 22 is defined between the rest position P11 and the operation position P12. In a state where the movable member 28 is positioned at the first position P21 with respect to the operating member 22, the second contact portion 50 does not come into contact with the first contact portion 48. This allowable operating member 22 is pivotable relative to the base member 12 about the pivot axis A2 within the first amount of movement M1.

As seen in FIG. 9, the second position P22 corresponds to the second amount of movement M2 of the operating member 22 relative to the base member 12. The second movement amount M2 of the operating member 22 is defined between the rest position P11 and the additional operation position P13. In a state where the movable member 28 is positioned at the second position P22 with respect to the operating member 22, the second contact portion 50 may be in contact with the first contact portion 48. In other words, the movable member 28 positioned at the second position P22 is movable in the first operational direction D11 until the second contact portion 50 is in contact with the first contact portion 48. Permissible operating structure The piece 22 is pivotable relative to the base member 12 about a pivot axis A2 within a second amount of movement M2.

As seen in FIGS. 8 and 9, the second movement amount M2 is different from the first movement amount M1. The first movement amount M1 of the operation member 22 is larger than the second movement amount M2 of the operation member 22. The bicycle operating device 10 operates the first bicycle component BC1 differently when the operating member 22 is moved by the second amount of movement M2 as compared to when the operating member 22 is moved by the first amount of movement M1.

For example, in the case where the first bicycle component BC1 is a derailleur, the bicycle operating device 10 operates the derailleur such that the shifting position and the operating member 22 when the operating member 22 is moved by the second amount of movement M2 The shift position when moving with the first movement amount M1 is different. In the case where the first bicycle component BC1 is a height adjustable seat tube assembly, the bicycle operating device 10 operates the height adjustable seat tube assembly such that the height of the operating member 22 when moved by the second amount of movement M2 is The height when the operating member 22 is moved by the first movement amount M1 is different.

More specifically, as seen in FIG. 8, the operation structure 23 is constructed to pull the first operation cable 2 into the first cable in a state where the operation member 22 is moved by the first movement amount M1 with respect to the base member 12. Line stroke amount S1. As seen in FIG. 9, the operating structure 23 is constructed to pull the first operating cable 2 by the second cable stroke amount S2 in a state where the operating member 22 is moved by the second movement amount M2 with respect to the base member 12. As seen in FIGS. 8 and 9, the first cable stroke amount S1 is different from the second cable stroke amount S2. The first cable stroke amount S1 is greater than the second cable stroke amount S2.

As described above, changing the amount of movement of the operating member 22 by changing the structure 27 causes the first bicycle assembly BC1 to be operated differently than the state before the amount of movement of the operating member 22 is changed by changing the structure 27.

As seen in Figure 10, the additional operating member 25 is moveable relative to the base member 12 between an additional rest position P41 and an additional operating position P42. The additional operating structure 26 is constructed to position the second operating cable 4 relative to the base member 12 at the first position P51 in a resting state in which the additional operating member 25 is disposed in the additional resting position P41. More specifically, the additional operating structure 26 is constructed to position the second operating cable 4 relative to the base member 12 at each of the first position P51 and the second position P52 in the rest state of the additional operating member 25.

As seen in FIG. 10, the additional operational structure 26 includes an additional winding member 52 and a positioning structure 54. The additional takeup member 52 is moveable relative to the base member 12 between the additional release position P61 and the additional pull position P62 to move the second operational cable 4 between the first position P51 and the second position P52. In the illustrated embodiment, the additional takeup member 52 is rotatable relative to the base member 12 about a pivot axis A2. In Figs. 11 and 12, the additional winding member 52 is shown as a two-dot chain line.

The positioning structure 54 is configured to position the additional winding member 52 relative to the base member 12 at an additional release position P61 and an additional pull position P62. The positioning structure 54 is configured to switch the state of the positioning structure 54 between the first state (Figs. 10 and 11) and the second state (Fig. 12) in response to movement of the additional operating member 25. In the first state (Figures 10 and 11) The positioning structure 54 positions the additional winding member 52 at the additional release position P61. In the second state (Fig. 12), the positioning structure 54 positions the additional takeup member 52 at the additional pull position P62. In the illustrated embodiment, the positioning structure 54 is configured to alternately switch between the first state and the second state in response to movement of the additional operating member 25 from the additional resting position P41 to the additional operating position P42.

As seen in FIG. 10, the operating member 22 is movable relative to the base member 12 from the rest position P11 to the operating position P12 in the first operating direction D11. The additional operating member 25 is movable relative to the base member 12 from the additional resting position P41 to the additional operating position P42 in the first operating direction D11.

The positioning structure 54 includes a positioning pawl 56, a take-up pawl 58, and a control member 60. Control member 60 is rotatable relative to base plate member 18 and additional take-up member 52 about pivot axis A2. Control member 60 is biased by a biasing member (not shown) for rotation relative to base plate member 18 in a first direction of rotation D71.

As seen in Fig. 10, the additional bobbin member 52 includes an additional cable attachment portion 62, and the inner wire 4a of the second operational cable 4 can be attached to the additional cable attachment portion 62. The additional winding member 52 includes a first protrusion 64, a second protrusion 66, and a third protrusion 68. The first protrusion 64, the second protrusion 66, and the third protrusion 68 are spaced apart from each other.

The positioning pawl 56 is configured to selectively engage the first projection 64 and the second projection 66 to position the additional winding member 52 An additional release position P61 and an additional pull position P62. The take-up pawl 58 may be in contact with the third protrusion 68 to transmit the pivotal movement of the additional operating member 25 to the additional take-up member 52 via the third protrusion 68. The positioning pawl 56 is pivotally mounted on the base plate member 18 of the base member 12 about a pivot axis A41. The positioning pawl 56 is biased by a biasing member (not shown) to pivot about a pivot axis A41 relative to the base plate member 18 in a pivoting direction D41. The take-up pawl 58 is pivotally mounted on the additional operating member 25 about a pivot axis A42. The take-up pawl 58 is biased by a biasing member (not shown) to pivot about the pivot axis A42 relative to the additional operating member 25 in the pivoting direction D42. The take-up pawl 58 is movable relative to the base member 12 in response to the pivotal movement of the additional operating member 25.

As seen in FIG. 11, the control member 60 includes a receiving portion 70, a release pawl 72, and a cutout portion 74. The take-up pawl 58 can be in contact with the receiving portion 70 to transmit the pivotal movement of the additional operating member 25 to the control member 60 via the receiving portion 70. The release pawl 72 can be in contact with the positioning pawl 56 to release the engagement between the positioning pawl 56 and the second projection 66. The base member 12 includes a pin 76 that is secured to the base plate member 18. A pin 76 is disposed within the cutout portion 74 to define a range of rotation of the control member 60. The control member 60 is positioned by the pin 76 at the rest position shown in FIG.

As seen in FIG. 11, the take-up pawl 58 moves in a second rotational direction D72 opposite to the first rotational direction D71 in response to the pivotal movement of the additional operating member 25 from the additional resting position P41 toward the additional operating position P42. When the take-up pawl 58 is positioned on the additional take-up member 52 When the state of the release position P61 is moved in the second rotational direction D72, the take-up pawl 58 pushes the third projection 68 such that the additional take-up member 52 is oriented relative to the base member 12 about the pivot axis A2 from the additional release position P61. The additional pull position P62 is rotated.

The take-up pawl 58 is disposed radially outward of the receiving portion 70 of the control member 60 in a state where the take-up pawl 58 is engaged with the third projecting portion 68. Therefore, the take-up pawl 58 pushes the third projection 68 in the second rotational direction D72 without contacting the receiving portion 70.

Rotation of the additional takeup member 52 will bring the second projection 66 into contact with the positioning pawl 56. Further rotation of the additional take-up member 52 will move the positioning pawl 56 away from the additional take-up member 52 via the second projection 66. When the additional operating member 25 is pivoted to the additional operating position P42, the second projection 66 passes the positioning pawl 56 in the second rotational direction D72. When the additional operating member 25 is released by the user from the additional operating position P42, the additional winding member 52 is pivoted about the pivot axis A2 relative to the base plate member 18 in the first rotational direction D71 by the biasing force of the biasing member (not shown). Rotate. Thus, as seen in Figure 12, the positioning pawl 56 engages the second projection 66 to position the additional winding member 52 in the additional pull position P62.

As seen in FIG. 12, the take-up pawl 58 moves relative to the base member 12 in the second rotational direction D72 in response to the pivotal movement of the additional operating member 25 from the additional resting position P41 toward the additional operating position P42. In a state where the additional winding member 52 is positioned at the additional pulling position P62, the end of the take-up pawl 58 can come into contact with the receiving portion 70. therefore, The take-up pawl 58 pushes the receiving portion 70 of the control member 60 such that the control member 60 rotates about the pivot axis A2 relative to the base member 12 in the second rotational direction D72. Because the take-up pawl 58 does not contact the third projection 68, the additional take-up member 52 is positioned in the additional pull position P62 without rotation relative to the base plate 18. The additional operating member 25 is pivoted until the edge of the cutout portion 74 contacts the pin 76.

Rotation of the control member 60 brings the release pawl 72 into contact with the positioning pawl 56. Further rotation of the control member 60 moves the positioning pawl 56 away from the additional take-up member 52 via the release pawl 72 such that the engagement between the positioning pawl 56 and the second projection 66 is released. Therefore, the additional winding member 52 is rotated relative to the base plate member 18 in the first rotational direction D71 by the biasing force of the biasing member (not shown). At this time, since the first protrusion 64 protrudes radially outward than the second protrusion 66, the first protrusion 64 contacts the positioning pawl 56 to position the additional winding member 52 at the additional release position P61.

Since the additional winding member 52 rotates the take-up pawl 58 from the control member 60 when the additional winding member 52 is rotated relative to the base plate member 18 in the first rotational direction D71 by the biasing force of a biasing member (not shown). The portion 70 is disengaged so that the control member 60 is rotated relative to the base plate member 18 in the first rotational direction D71 about the pivot axis A2 by the biasing force of the biasing member (not shown). Accordingly, the positioning pawl 56 engages the first projection 64 to position the additional winding member 52 at the additional release position P61. Therefore, the second operation cable 4 can be operated by merely operating the additional operation member 25 from the additional rest position P41 to the additional operation position P42. The position of the inner wire 4a is switched between the first position P51 and the second position P52 corresponding to the additional release position P61 and the additional operation position P62.

With the bicycle operating device 10, the operating structure 23 includes a winding member 30 that is movable relative to the base member 12 to release the first operating cable 2 in the pull direction D31 and the release direction D32 opposite the pull direction D31. mobile. The winding member 30 is constructed to move the first operating cable 2 in the pulling direction D31 in response to the movement of the operating member 22 from the rest position P11 to the operating position P12 to operate the first bicycle assembly BC1. The winding member 30 is constructed such that the first operating cable 2 can move in the releasing direction D32 in response to the release of the operating member 22 from the operating position P12. Therefore, the first operating cable 2 is movable in the pulling direction D31 and the releasing direction D32 in response to the movement and release of the operating member 22 for operating the first bicycle component BC1.

In addition, since the operation unit 24 is constructed to operate the second bicycle assembly BC2 in response to an input operation from the user, the first and second bicycle assemblies BC1 and BC2 can be separately operated via the bicycle operating device 10.

Second embodiment

The bicycle operating device 210 according to the second embodiment will be described below with reference to Figs. Elements having substantially the same function or function as the elements in the first embodiment will be given the same element symbols, and will not be described and/or illustrated again for the sake of brevity.

As seen in Figures 13 and 14, the bicycle operating device 210 includes a base member 212 and an operating member 222. The base member 212 is constructed to be mountable to the bicycle component BP. The operating member 222 is movable relative to the base member 212 between the rest position P211 and the operating position P212. The operating member 222 is movable relative to the base member 212 from the rest position P211 in the first operating direction D211 to the operating position P212.

The bicycle operating device 210 is a right bicycle operating device constructed to be operated by the rider's right hand. However, it will be apparent to those skilled in the bicycle art that the configuration of the bicycle operating device 210 can be applied to the left bicycle operating device as the bicycle operating device 10.

As seen in Figures 13 and 14, the bicycle operating device 210 includes an operating structure 223. The operating structure 223 includes a takeup member 230 that is moveable relative to the base member 212 to move the first operational cable 202 in the pull direction D231 and the release direction D232 opposite the pull direction D231. The winding member 230 is constructed to move the first operating cable 202 in the pulling direction D231 in response to the movement of the operating member 222 from the rest position P211 to the operating position P212 to operate the first bicycle assembly BC1. The winding member 230 is constructed such that the first operating cable 202 can move in the release direction D232 in response to the release of the operating member 222 from the operating position P212. For example, the first operational cable 202 is pulled by a biasing member (not shown) disposed on the first bicycle component BC1. The operating member 222 and the operating structure 223 provide a cable operating unit 231 that is constructed to perform the operation of the first bicycle component BC1. operating The structure 223 does not include a positioning structure constructed to position the winding member 230 relative to the base member 212 in a state where the operating force is not applied from the rider's finger to the operating member.

In the illustrated embodiment, the take-up member 230 can be moved with the operating member 222. The winding member 230 is fixed to the operating member 222. The winding member 230 is coupled to an end of the first operating cable 202. The winding member 230 is integrally provided with the operating member 222 as a single unit member. However, the winding member 230 may be a separate member from the operating member 222.

In the illustrated embodiment, as seen in Figures 13 and 14, the operating member 222 is constructed to be removably attached to the base member 212. The bicycle operating device 210 includes an attachment member 232 that is constructed to be detachably attached to the base member 212. The attachment member 232 movably supports the winding member 230. The attachment member 232 has a substantially cylindrical shape. Attachment member 232 includes an opening 233. The take-up member 230 is slidably disposed within the opening 233 of the attachment member 232. As such, the takeup member 230 can move linearly relative to the base member 212.

As seen in FIGS. 13 and 14, the attachment member 232 includes an attachment portion 234 that is configured to be detachably attached to the base member 212. More specifically, the attachment member 232 includes an outer surface 232a, a first end portion 232b, and a second end portion 232c. The first end portion 232b is axially opposite to the second end portion 232c. Preferably, the attachment portion 234 is disposed at the second end portion 232c. In this embodiment, the attachment portion 234 includes an externally threaded portion disposed on the outer surface 232a. 234a.

The base member 212 includes an attachment region 236, a top surface 238, and a rear surface 240. The attachment area 236 is disposed on the housing 13 of the base member 212. While the attachment region 236 is disposed on the top surface 238 of the base member 212 in the illustrated embodiment, the attachment region 236 can be disposed on other surfaces of the base member 212, such as the back surface, if needed and/or desired. 240 on.

As seen in FIGS. 13 and 14, the base member 212 includes an attachment portion 242 that is disposed on the housing 13 of the base member 212. The attachment portion 242 extends upward from the housing 13. In the illustrated embodiment, the attachment portion 242 extends upward from the top surface 238 of the base member 212. The attachment portion 242 is disposed to the attachment area 236.

Attachment portion 242 includes an attachment opening 244. Attachment opening 244 includes an internally threaded portion 246. The externally threaded portion 234a of the attachment member 232 is configured to engage the internally threaded portion 246 of the attachment opening 244. In the illustrated example, the externally threaded portion 234a is disposed on a portion of the outer surface 232a of the attachment member 232. However, the externally threaded portion 234a can be disposed over the entire outer surface 232a of the attachment member 232 if needed and/or desired.

The operating member 222 has a user interface surface 248. The user interface surface 248 is constructed to face the rearward direction in a state in which the bicycle operating device 210 is mounted on the bicycle component BP. In this embodiment, the user interface surface 248 of the operating member 222 is preferably configured to allow the user to grasp the operating member 222 for operating the first self. The grip portion 250 of the vehicle assembly BC1. The takeup member 230 extends from the grip portion 250. The grip portion 250 protrudes from the attachment member 232 or is positioned outside of the attachment member 232. In a state where the bicycle operating device 210 is mounted on the bicycle component BP, the operating member 222 is movable in the forward direction and the backward direction.

As seen in Figures 13 and 14, the cable operating unit 231 is constructed to operate to implement a height adjustable seat tube (not shown) for the bicycle. In more detail, the cable operating unit 231 is constructed to operate a first operational cable 202 that is coupled to a height adjustable seat tube of the bicycle. Therefore, when the winding member 230 of the cable operation unit 231 is moved with respect to the attachment member 232 in the first operation direction D211, the height of the seat (not shown) of the bicycle is changed. The height adjustable seat tube of the bicycle can be constructed in any conventional manner and is therefore not discussed in detail herein. The first bicycle component BC1 can be a bicycle suspension. In such an embodiment, when the operating member 222 of the cable operating unit 231 is moved relative to the attachment member 232, the stiffness of the bicycle suspension is changed. Bicycle suspensions can be constructed in any conventional manner and are therefore not discussed in detail herein. If necessary and/or desired, the cable operating unit 231 can have the first operating cable 202 movable by moving the operating member 222 in a direction opposite to the first operating direction D211 (the direction in which the operating member 222 is pushed) And the structure that was pulled.

The attachment portion 234 of the cable operation unit 231 is detachably attached to the attachment region 236 of the base member 212. In this embodiment, the cable operating unit 231 is detachably attached to the attachment of the base member 212. Within port 244. That is, the cable operating unit 231 is inserted into the attachment opening 244 of the base member 212. The externally threaded portion 234a of the attachment portion 234 engages the internally threaded portion 246 of the attachment opening 244 to secure the cable operating unit 231 within the attachment opening 244. The threaded attachment allows the cable operating unit 231 to be adjusted in the longitudinal direction within the attachment opening 244. Accordingly, the cable operating unit 231 is detachably and adjustably attached to the attachment area 236 of the base member 212.

As seen in Figures 13 and 14, the bicycle operating device 210 includes an operating unit 224 that is configured to operate the second bicycle assembly BC2 in response to an input operation from a user. The operating unit 224 includes an additional operating member 252. The additional operating member 252 is movable relative to the base member 212. The additional operating member 252 implements a cable pulling operation for pulling the second operating cable 204. The additional operating member 252 is constructed to pivotally move relative to the base member 212.

The operating unit 224 is constructed to operate at least one of a bicycle shifting assembly and a bicycle brake assembly (both not shown). In one embodiment, the operating unit 224 is constructed to perform the operation of the bicycle transmission assembly. In more detail, the operating unit 224 is constructed to operate a second operational cable 204 that is coupled to the bicycle transmission assembly.

The operating unit 224 includes an additional operating member 254. The additional operating member 254 is moveable relative to the base member 212. The additional operating member 254 is constructed to perform a cable release operation for releasing the second operational cable 204. The additional operating member 254 is constructed as a lever to be constructed relative to the base The member 212 pivots.

While the additional operating members 252 and 254 are rods in the illustrated embodiment, the additional operating members 252 and 254 are not limited to such rods. Any type of operating member such as a slidable switch, button or the like can be applied to the additional operating members 252 and 254 if needed and/or desired. In addition, as with the bicycle operating device 10 according to the first embodiment, one operation member is used to perform both operations, and thus, it is not necessary to require two operation members.

In the illustrated embodiment, the operating unit 224 includes an additional operational structure (not shown) disposed within the housing 13 of the base member 212. The additional operational structure is constructed to operate the second bicycle component BC2 in response to movement of the additional operating member 252 or 254. The additional operational structure is constructed to move the second operational cable 204 in response to movement of the additional operational member 252 or 254 to operate the second bicycle assembly BC2.

The additional operational structure is constructed to pull or release the second operational cable 204. The additional operational structure is coupled via a second operational cable 204 to a derailleur that is an example of a bicycle transmission. The second operating cable 204 is an inner cable of a conventional cable, wherein the cable includes an outer casing that at least partially covers the inner cable. Additional operational structures can be constructed in any conventional manner and are therefore not discussed in detail herein.

With the bicycle operating device 210, substantially the same advantageous effects as those of the bicycle operating device 10 according to the first embodiment can be obtained.

Third embodiment

The bicycle operating device 310 according to the third embodiment will be described below with reference to Figs. The bicycle operating device 310 has the same configuration as the bicycle operating device 210 except for the operating unit 224. Thus, elements that have substantially the same function or function as the elements in the above embodiments will be given the same element symbols, and will not be described and/or illustrated in detail herein for the sake of brevity.

As seen in Figures 15 and 16, the bicycle operating device 310 includes a base member 312 and an operating member 322. The base member 312 is constructed to be mountable to the bicycle component BP. The operating member 322 is movable relative to the base member 312 between the rest position P311 and the operating position P312. The operating member 322 is movable relative to the base member 312 from the rest position P311 in the first operating direction D311 to the operating position P312.

The bicycle operating device 310 is a right bicycle operating device constructed to be operated by the rider's right hand. However, it will be apparent to those skilled in the bicycle art that the configuration of the bicycle operating device 310 can be applied to the left bicycle operating device as the bicycle operating device 10.

As seen in Figures 15 and 16, the bicycle operating device 310 includes an operating structure 323. The operating structure 323 includes a winding member 330 that is movable relative to the base member 312 to move the first operating cable 202 in the pull direction D331 and the release direction D332 opposite the pull direction D331. The winding member 330 is constructed to respond to the movement of the operating member 322 from the rest position P311 to the operating position P312. The first operating cable 202 is moved in the pulling direction D331 to operate the first bicycle component BC1. The winding member 330 is constructed such that the first operating cable 202 can move in the release direction D332 in response to the release of the operating member 322 from the operating position P312. For example, the first operational cable 202 is pulled by a biasing member (not shown) disposed on the first bicycle component BC1. The operating member 322 and the operating structure 323 provide a cable operating unit 331 that is constructed to perform the operation of the first bicycle component BC1. The operation structure 323 does not include a positioning structure constructed to position the winding member 330 with respect to the base member 312 in a state where the operating force is not applied from the rider's finger to the operating member.

In the illustrated embodiment, the takeup member 330 can be moved with the operating member 322. The winding member 330 is fixed to the operating member 322. The winding member 330 is coupled to the first operating cable 202. The winding member 330 is integrally provided as a single unit member with the operating member 322. However, the winding member 330 may be a separate member from the operating member 322.

In the illustrated embodiment, as seen in Figures 15 and 16, the operating member 322 is constructed to be removably attached to the base member 312. The bicycle operating device 310 includes an attachment member 332 that is constructed to be detachably attached to the base member 312. The attachment member 332 movably supports the winding member 330. The attachment member 332 has a generally box-shaped shape with a rectangular surface. Attachment member 332 includes an opening 333. The winding member 330 is slidably disposed within the opening 333 of the attachment member 332. As such, the takeup member 330 can move linearly relative to the base member 312.

As seen in FIGS. 15 and 16, the attachment member 332 includes an attachment portion 334 that is configured to be removably attached to the base member 312. The base member 312 includes an attachment region 336 that is disposed on the housing 13 of the base member 312. The attachment portion 334 is detachably attached to the attachment region 336 of the base member 312. In this embodiment, the attachment portion 334 of the attachment member 332 is removably disposed in the attachment region 336 in any conventional manner, such as screws, tape, or glue. As such, the cable operating unit 331 is detachably and adjustably attached to the attachment region 336 of the base member 312.

The operating member 322 includes a user interface portion 348 having a user interface surface. The take-up member 330 is slidably disposed on the attachment member 332 and supports the user interface portion 348.

As seen in Figures 15 and 16, the cable operating unit 331 is constructed to operate to implement a height adjustable seat tube (not shown) for the bicycle. In more detail, the cable operating unit 331 is constructed to operate a first operational cable 202 that is coupled to a height adjustable seat tube of the bicycle. Therefore, when the winding member 330 of the cable operation unit 331 is moved with respect to the attachment member 332 in the first operation direction D311, the height of the seat (not shown) of the bicycle is changed. The height adjustable seat tube of the bicycle can be constructed in any conventional manner and is therefore not discussed in detail herein. The first bicycle component BC1 can be a bicycle suspension. In such an embodiment, when the operating member 322 of the cable operating unit 331 is moved relative to the attachment member 332, the stiffness of the bicycle suspension is changed. The bicycle suspension can be constructed in any conventional way and is therefore not here Discussed in detail. If necessary and/or desired, the cable operating unit 331 may have the first operating cable 202 movable by moving the operating member 322 in a direction opposite to the first operating direction D311 (the direction in which the operating member 322 is pushed) And the structure that was pulled.

As seen in Figures 15 and 16, the bicycle operating device 310 includes an operating unit 324 that is configured to operate the second bicycle assembly BC2 in response to an input operation from a user. The operating unit 324 includes an additional operating member 352. The additional operating member 352 is movable relative to the base member 312. The additional operating member 352 is constructed to pivotally move relative to the base member 312.

Although the additional operating member 352 is a lever in the illustrated embodiment, the additional operating member 352 is not limited to such a lever. Any type of operating member such as a slidable switch, button or the like can be applied to the additional operating member 352 if needed and/or desired.

The operating unit 324 is constructed to perform the operation of at least one of a bicycle transmission assembly and a bicycle brake assembly (both not shown). In one embodiment, the operating unit 324 is constructed to perform the operation of the bicycle brake assembly. For example, the operating unit 324 is a hydraulic brake operating device and is coupled via a hydraulic hose 356 to a hydraulic brake assembly (not shown), such as a disc brake caliper. The operating unit 324 includes a master cylinder unit 358 having a piston (not shown). Master cylinder unit 358 can be constructed in any conventional manner and is therefore not discussed in detail herein.

With the bicycle operating device 310, it can be obtained according to the first The advantageous efficacy of the bicycle operating device 10 of the embodiment is substantially the same advantageous effect.

Fourth embodiment

The bicycle operating device 410 according to the fourth embodiment will be described below with reference to Figs. The bicycle operating device 410 has the same configuration as the bicycle operating device 10 except for the operating unit 24. Thus, elements that have substantially the same function or function as the elements in the above embodiments will be given the same element symbols, and will not be described and/or illustrated in detail herein for the sake of brevity.

As seen in FIG. 17, the bicycle operating device 410 includes a base member 12, an operating member 22, an operating structure 23, a changing structure 27, and an operating unit 424. The operating unit 424 is constructed to operate the second bicycle component BC2 in response to an input operation from the user. The operating unit 424 is disposed within the housing 13 of the base member 12. The operating unit 424 is constructed to establish wireless communication with the second bicycle component BC2.

As seen in FIG. 18, the operating unit 424 includes an electrical switch SW1 and a controller C1. The electrical switch SW1 is constructed to receive input operations from a user. In the illustrated embodiment, the electrical switch SW1 is operatively coupled to the additional operating member 25. The electrical switch SW1 is constructed to receive an input operation from a user via the additional operating member 25. As seen in FIG. 17, the additional operating member 25 is pivotable relative to the base member 12 in a first operational direction D81 and a second operational direction D82 opposite the first operational direction D81. The electric switch SW1 (Fig. 18) is constructed to constitute Two input operations from the user are received by the additional operating member 25.

As seen in Fig. 18, controller C1 is constructed to generate an operational signal in response to an input operation input from electrical switch SW1 to operate second bicycle component BC2. The operating unit 424 includes a wireless transmitter WT constructed to wirelessly transmit an operational signal to the second bicycle component BC2. The controller C1 is configured to control the wireless transmitter WT in response to the input operation to wirelessly transmit the signal to the second bicycle component BC2. The controller C1 is constructed to be electrically connected to the electric switch SW1 and the wireless transmitter WT.

As seen in FIG. 18, the controller C1 is configured as a microcomputer and includes a processor PR1 and a memory MR1. The processor PR1 includes a central processing unit (CPR). The memory MR1 includes a read only memory (ROM) and a random access memory (RAM). For example, the program stored in the memory MR1 is read into the processor PR1, and thus the function of the controller C1 is implemented.

Although controller C1 is shown as a single unit in FIG. 18, controller C1 may be part of another component or may be part of several components (eg, several controllers located in different sections).

As seen in Fig. 18, the bicycle operating device 410 includes a power supply device BT1 that is constructed to supply power to the electrical switch SW1, the controller C1, and the wireless transmitter WT. Possible examples of the power supply device BT1 include a battery.

In the illustrated embodiment, the second bicycle component BC2 is an electric bicycle component, such as an electric bicycle transmission. Electric self Possible examples of driving components include an electric front derailleur and an electric rear derailleur. For example, as seen in FIG. 18, the second bicycle component BC2 includes a chain guide 464, a guide actuator 466, a position sensor 468, a driver unit 470, and a transmission controller TC. The chain guide 464 is constructed to displace a bicycle chain (not shown) between a plurality of sprockets (not shown). The guide actuator 466 is constructed to move the chain guide 464 to displace the bicycle chain. Possible examples of guide actuators include DC motors and stepper motors.

Position sensor 468 is constructed to sense the current position of guide guide actuator 466 to determine the current gear position of second bicycle assembly BC2. Possible examples of position sensor 468 include a potentiometer, a rotary encoder, and a hall sensor. The driver unit 470 is configured to control the guide actuator 466 based on the current position of the guide actuator 466 and the drive signal from the transmission controller TC. The transmission controller TC is constructed to generate a drive signal based on an operational signal from the bicycle operating device 410.

The transmission controller TC includes a wireless receiver WR and a control unit C2. The wireless receiver WR is constructed to wirelessly receive signals from the wireless transmitter WT. Controller unit C2 is constructed to interpret the operational signals transmitted from wireless transmitter WT. The transmission controller TC includes a power supply device BT2 that is constructed to supply power to the controller unit C2 and the wireless receiver WR. Since the operation of the operating unit 424 and the second bicycle component BC2 is known in the bicycle field, For the sake of brevity, it will not be described in detail here.

With the bicycle operating device 410, substantially the same advantageous effects as those of the bicycle operating device 10 according to the first embodiment can be obtained.

In the present application, the term "attached" or "attached" as used herein, encompasses a configuration in which an element is directly attached to another element by attaching it directly to another element, An element is indirectly attached to the configuration of the other element via one or more intermediate members, and one element is integral with the other element, ie one element is essentially a configuration of a part or part of another element . This concept also applies to words with similar meanings such as "joined", "connected", "coupled", "installed", "combined", "fixed", and their derivatives.

The term "comprising" and its derivatives, as used herein, are intended to be inclusive of the meaning of the features, elements, components, groups, integers, and/or steps, but do not exclude other features, components, components, An open term for the existence of a group, integer, and/or step. This concept also applies to words with similar meanings, such as the terms "having", "including", and their derivatives.

The terms "member", "section", "part", "part", and "component" may have the dual meaning of a single component or multiple components when used in the singular.

The serial numbers such as "first" and "second" described in the present application are merely identification numbers and do not have any other meanings, such as a specific order and the like. In addition, for example, the term "first component" itself It does not imply that a "second component" exists, and the term "second component" does not itself imply that a "first component" exists.

The term "a pair or pair" as used herein may encompass, in addition to the configuration in which the paired elements have the same shape or structure as each other, the configuration in which the paired elements have shapes or structures different from each other.

Finally, terms of degree such as "substantially or substantially", "probably or approximately", and "nearly or approximate" are used to mean that the terminology to which it is modified has a reasonable amount of variation that does not cause a substantial change in the final result.

Obviously, many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings. Therefore, it is to be understood that the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described herein within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (18)

  1. A bicycle operating device comprising: a base member constructed to be mounted to a bicycle component; an operating member movable relative to the base member between a rest position and an operating position; an operating structure including a winding member, The winding member is movable relative to the base member to move the first operating cable in a pulling direction and a releasing direction opposite to the pulling direction, the winding member being constructed to respond to the operating member from the resting position to the Moving the operating position to move the first operating cable in the pulling direction to operate the first bicycle component, the winding member being constructed such that the first operating cable is responsive to release of the operating member from the operating position And moving in the release direction; and an operating unit configured to operate the second bicycle component in response to an input operation from the user, the operating unit comprising: an additional operating member movable relative to the base member; and additional operations a structure that is constructed to move the second operating cable back to move the second operating cable Components.
  2. The bicycle operating device of claim 1, wherein the winding member is rotatable relative to the base member about a pivot axis to pull and release the first operating cable.
  3. The bicycle operating device of claim 1, wherein the operating structure comprises a biasing member, the biasing member being constructed to respond The release of the operating member from the operative position biases the take-up member to move the first operational cable in the release direction.
  4. The bicycle operating device according to claim 3, wherein the winding member is movable from the release position to the pull position relative to the base member in response to the movement of the operating member from the rest position to the operating position. And the biasing member is configured to bias the cord member from the pull position toward the release position to move the first operating cable in the release direction in response to the release of the operating member from the operating position.
  5. The bicycle operating device of claim 1, wherein the additional operating member is movable relative to the base member between an additional rest position and an additional operating position, and the additional operating structure is constructed in the additional operation The member is positioned in the first position relative to the base member in a resting state disposed in the additional rest position.
  6. The bicycle operating device of claim 5, wherein the additional operating structure is configured to position the second operating cable relative to the base member at the first position in the rest state of the additional operating member Each of the location and a second location.
  7. The bicycle operating device according to claim 6, wherein The additional operational structure includes an additional reeling member moveable relative to the base member between an additional release position and an additional pull position to position the second operational cable between the first position and the second position And a positioning structure configured to position the additional winding member relative to the base member at the additional release position and the additional pull position.
  8. The bicycle operating device according to claim 7, wherein the positioning structure is constructed to switch the state of the positioning structure between the first state and the second state in response to the movement of the additional operating member, wherein In the first state, the positioning structure positions the additional take-up member in the additional release position, and in the second state, the positioning structure positions the additional take-up member in the additional pull position.
  9. The bicycle operating device according to claim 8, wherein the positioning structure is constructed to alternately switch the first state and the first portion by the movement of the additional operating member from the additional resting position to the additional operating position Two states.
  10. The bicycle operating device according to claim 7, wherein the operating member is movable from the rest position to the operating position relative to the base member in a first operating direction, and the additional operating member is relative to the base Component on the first operator Moving from the additional resting position to the additional operating position.
  11. The bicycle operating device of claim 7, wherein the take-up member is rotatable relative to the base member about a pivot axis, and the additional take-up member is rotatable relative to the base member about the pivot axis.
  12. The bicycle operating device according to claim 1, wherein the operating unit comprises: an electric switch configured to receive the input operation from the user; and a controller configured to respond from the electric switch The input operation is input to generate an operation signal to operate the second bicycle component.
  13. The bicycle operating device of claim 12, wherein the operating unit comprises a wireless transmitter configured to wirelessly transmit the operational signal to the second bicycle component.
  14. The bicycle operating device according to claim 1, wherein the base member comprises a housing, and the operating structure and the operating unit are disposed in the housing.
  15. The bicycle operating device of claim 1, wherein the first bicycle component comprises a height adjustable seat tube assembly.
  16. The bicycle operating device of claim 1, wherein the second bicycle component comprises a bicycle transmission.
  17. The bicycle operating device of claim 16, wherein the second bicycle component includes a front derailleur that is the bicycle transmission.
  18. The bicycle operating device of claim 1, wherein the operating member is constructed to be detachably attached to the base member.
TW104104732A 2014-04-09 2015-02-12 Bicycle operating device TWI634039B (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US14/249,300 2014-04-09
US14/249,300 US9637195B2 (en) 2014-04-09 2014-04-09 Bicycle operating device
US14/264,683 US9849932B2 (en) 2014-04-29 2014-04-29 Bicycle component operating apparatus
US14/264,683 2014-04-29
US14/608,104 US9950764B2 (en) 2014-04-09 2015-01-28 Bicycle operating device
US14/608,104 2015-01-28

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TW201538385A TW201538385A (en) 2015-10-16
TWI634039B true TWI634039B (en) 2018-09-01

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TW (1) TWI634039B (en)

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US20170305491A1 (en) * 2016-04-21 2017-10-26 Shimano Inc. Bicycle operating device
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TW201538385A (en) 2015-10-16
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CN104973194A (en) 2015-10-14

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